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43rimnai Carregpomjratp. "•" "
TO LORD PALMERSTON . " Rightly to be great Is not to stir -without great argument , Bat greatly to find quarrel in a straw VThen honours at the stake . " SHAKSPEAE . E . JIT Loan , —It is a melancholy subject of reflection tfcat the gates of peace hare never been suffered to -jmsin closed during the -whole reign of any of our ereigns . from 'William the Conqueror to Victoria , Monarchy is to be blamed for this . However short the Teis n—ho' * ' « 7 S ° ^ > f ^ ble or powerful , or whaieTa the sex , still has the moa arch ' s voice
» Havoc ' ¦ ssd let Elip the dogs of -wax . " . The history of England is a history of the -wars of its J fcinp and of the sufferings of its people . To rtvtng . j j joke , to ple&se the priests , to gain a bauble , or ' » - __ a _< spiritual or worldly pride , or the imaginr —> jslaace of power , or the " Right divine of kings to govern wrong , " the blood of millions has beea poured like a flood —the tears of infllions hare been shed like rain . He ! j itself appeals to heaven against the absurdities and cue rniities , practised on earth by worse than Sends . Of wtit benefit is -war but to make peace p for it ? ' —to make the innocent suffer for the gui ! ty ? ilen , |
fight till they are exhausted ; and -when the jj strength is a litde recruited they fight again . All ^ furious passions , vhich law ties up , are let loose aid indulged to madness ; murder and rapine beeoTn > - j sport Our kings have the darling prerogative to deer ee this state of thines -whene-rer they please- Nations t . ear each other to pieces for the good of their rulers . The subjectpeople must do the bidding of their superiors ; men showed no consideration for themselv- a by parting -with their Twwer , and cannot expect to f jid my from those into whose hands they unwisely entrusted it In former times the king headed the army in person , he exposed himself more than his s > ibjects ; but now the sovereien keeps out of danger , : tnd is , therefore , more
lavish , of the blood and treasure of the people , and less scrupulous about the castts belli .
•> ' War is a game "which , * ste their subjects wise , Kings "would not play _ t " It is seldom a nation's ¦ w ' . sb to fight : it is never for fc benefit Few are the c * us _ -which justify war ; I should say one only , the ri ghts of man—liberty ! But blindly led to belkve that they -were fighting for their country , -when fighting for its king , how many of God's distorted images have d estroyed one another : kings , Kke the devil , tare been the common enemies of man .
Military heroes are honoured most Whenever "was a philanthropist -or philosopher made a Dake ? " Success to the army —* d navy I" is a standing toast ; it follows " the Royal family ! " and precedes " the agricultural , eommerdai , » nd manufacturing interests I" Soldiers are the sapport of the former and the protection of the }_ n _ r J Protection ? We pay dearly for it We hare incurred a miaous debt on account of safety . It is such protection as sheep find from "wolves , "who preserve them from others that they may prey on them them-£ _ xe _ Bat soldiers are kept and must do something
to justify then- existence . If we are in no danger , danger mast be provoked that soldiers may be employed to fight for us . Xo opportunity of signalizing themselves in peice , except upon us -when "we grumble at their erpencs ; but they like better to kill foreigners ; for then they g-un more glory ani more pay . If we nes : keep soiditrs , let them be theliveried Lwrquejs » f sovereigns , to swell out their pride and pomp in idleness . Le : us not be embroiled in war for the sake of such . The people have suffered so much and pay so much for glory , that they would rather dispense with tint " sort of thing . "
The worst feature in our case is , tint our wars have generally been , not a people ' war for freedom , but a sovereign ' s war for despotism . Wellington re-instated tyranny in Spain , Portugal , and France , together with superstition , its close ally . The faei is , njooirchs love v _ r because it wastes the resources which democracy gathers up in peace for a different purpose—they dissipate the strength of the people when they fear it is about to make head agaiast them . Princes are not alow to perceive that they are useless except as pbgnes to their people ; like a water-spont , they suck up the power cf die people , to let it fall npsn them . Monarchy is a ban *—a national nuisance .
The harder tha : soldiers fight the harder citizens must work , and the more pay for soldiers , the less pay lor working mtn . War exhausts trade and cripples it War is imperious , and makes all other arts cea-e , or supply it In the name cf ihe king , goods are seized , and men impressed . Private necessities are made to give place to the wants of the stale , and wkat is the issue ? Groans , wocsds , and death—a nation ' s bankruptcy ! Soldiers "__ . * for " Church and King ; " the priest pravs for their
success ; the king rewards it ; but the people pay . AH this was felt and seen at the close of the Trench and . American wars : the nation grtw wiser ; and the Whigs were placed in power because they pie Jged themselves to keep the peace . The people fon&iy hoptd that there would be no more wars ; that soldiers would doff their bloo j-rtd garments , and put on the garb of peace ; that iwords would be turned into sickles , and spears to pruning hooks ; but , alas ! the time has not yet arrived for the lion to lie down with the lamb .
You , my Lord , were one of those whosa honour was i pledged to peace . Think you to preserve your place ; and not peace ? Was your pledge merely given for a purpose , and broken when that purpose was effected ? Do you defcm yourself irresponsible both to man and God ? Are the lives of millions to be sacrificed at the shrine of your ambition , and you to escape with imi panity—with additional honours and power ? But we are to blame : -we should have remembered what an ' aristocrat ' s promise is "worth—what the honour and ' I humanity of a nobleman now-a-days is ; and your Lord- [ I stips ' s versatility in particular . Ton have been called Cupid . Cupid is the God of love and of money—do you aspire to beilars ? er which species of cupidity governs von ? '
There were several occasions , my Lord , in which it was said , that you were disgracing and endangering your conatry by tamely submitting to foreign insults -ad acts of aggression . It appeared as though yon were determined to keep your pledge at all risks ; that yon would rather suffer wrong than go to war to redress it You were nicknamed " Protocol Paimerston , " ca account of your freqnent use of written negociations . lour only weapons were " quips , and sentence * , and I P ^ ps * bnileta of the brain -, " and your only wars were I waged on paper . How cornea ft that you now rush into I ms opposite extreme—that you now fight , when , indeed ,
I arbitration might settle the dispute » We can have no I due to your conduct but in your cowardice . I : was I cowaroice made you decline a war against potent R _ 3 sia , I _ kI declare war against peaceful China ; and what was I B but cowardice that made you take odds of four to I ( Qe against Egypt ? With such odds you thought you I * i | bi defy France . Ton did not wish to offend France : I to ; but yon took care to do bo—you took care to make I 2 _ stipulations *__ : that she could not agree to them , I ttd then yon lay the blame on her . The French
I BTe emlisation ; and they know that the peo- ; I $ * of England love it ; and are wishful to j 1 psasne it in aliianee with them . The French j I «» discriminate between the acts of a government and i I Sa win of a peopla They cannot detest our Ministers 1 i toe than we do ; and , were they to join with America , I i ? might offer your Lordship , a treaty too honourable j Ife , tou to accept , aa yours was too base for them toac- ] I « fc __ d yet make yon _ gn it , though it made yon look ] I * Ma * u 5 u King John did when be signed the Magus . ^ - ¦ )
I !* a a ¦>* one that wishes the French to declare war J teat our Qorerameat , not eren for the purpose of ! I ** J > atf us to gain our Charter . If ? e cannot gain j I ^ sdoo ^ intlTtt , we do not deserve it , ner could i l ^ keepit ^ * o ; let the French enfranchise themselves j l * S » ar Goverc -ment is s « ereUy in alliance with oars , j ** ai » jo op , * ally of the otter despotic govern-1 1 ^» of Europe ; le » n « likewis * enfranchise onr- j ¦ ^ and then fan "n a triple league with the Ameri- ' ^ to enfranchise th - © »« ld- j l . ^» ot of principle in yonr Lordship appears to have ! l ^ Ske trne cause of tte wars in China and Syria , |
^ eaed as you are in . ^ be selfish lu xuries of aristo-¦ J Stlife , how can you fo * m a Christian or a humane ¦ jtf any subject Wieldly expediency is your Mfo - The Dnke approves' of your policy f aye , the ¦/^ Bl tare snugs the scent o .- felood . Peel , too ; but l ^ fc Peel but the Duke's ca < n ^" ° greater censure
can be passed on you than the praise of the Tories—it ought to make your conscience a scorpion to sting you to death . You ? je Baid , little Lord , to have raised yourself a-monr ^ ment of everlasting greatness—yes , u the daughter of Cheops did when she built & pyramid with the frn ' . ts of lier own prostitution . It will )> e proper for me to examine your conduct more part ' icalarly on the Opium and Eastern Questions The EmT > eror of . China , with an exemplary regard for his sub- '^ ts which European sovereigns would do well to im itate , destroyed a quantity ¦ of contraband , and confi jc&ted opium—a poison which destroys the miDjd as well as the body . The diabolieal
\ i j j [ . ogglers of this poison -were Englishmen * ho apply to you , knowing their inan , to enforce com-I jeosation . Instead of telling them they had been rightly served , and sending them to the Emperor to share the fate of their poison , you comply with their ; wishes . A fleet is sent out so grossly in violation of | the laws of nature and nations , that we cannot but : Fuspect some weighty argument , Borae private con-: aiderations , unknown to us , determined you to this measure . The petitions of the people of England for a ; redress of grievances are mocked . We cannot understand the j oten £ magic which inclined you so readily | to listen to those smugglers . We want food . I wonder that poison is not forced down our throats .
Good God . ' - what becomes of our Christianity Well may the Chinese call us barbarians . Of what use will the efforts of our missionaries be in future ? Will not this abominable transaction counteract all that they h 3 ve done ? Opinion versus the Bible ! Because the Chinese wont take our poison , we will exterminate them . It is like the alternative wittily remarked on by Dr . M'Douall , of the bowl and the dagger . Ton make Victoria" a second Ekanor . The virtue of the Emperor is to be as fatal to him as was the beauty of fair Rosamond . Why not force teetotallers to swallow drops of brandy or of laudanum ? The Emperor , you will' say , should compensate . He will die first ! Better to die by the sword than by poison . To compensate would be to legalise the traffic—there would be no end to it—no putting a stop to it .
There are onstanding claims upon other countries which might justify armed interferecce ; but those countries are warlike , and the poor Chinese know nothing of war . Cowardice is ever coupled with want of principle . . Prize fighters do not challenge tradesmen—but policemen invade the passive Quaker for church-rates , which he aad as lief be poisoned as pay , for they are an abomination to him . Were the demand ever so just , aa it is just the contrary , the cowardice of the proceeding would condemn it in every honourable mind , even if deaf to moral persuasion . When we depart from the straight line of principle , what
horrible blunders we may commit The most that could have been done in this cise , with justice , wouldjhave been to make reprisals ; but we go on massacring a nation to make it submit to our injustice . We shall for ever frighten them from having any dealings with us in future . What must other countries think of us ? The name of Englishmen will become odious throughout the world . ? f ot so : you , my Lord , may boast of butchering the unresisting Chinese—of sending your degs to worry a flock of sheep—but the peop ' . e of England will takecare that no part of the honour falls upon them . Your
policy , my Lord , may be Palmerian ; but it is not English ; we disclaim it ; we denounca it ; thank God , we protest against it Some malignant minds will no doubt be delighted at this wanton slaughter , at this unmerciful exerciseof power ; for cowardice loves cruelty when practiced with impunity : but ne brave men wili sanction it , or would be implicated in it Captain Cook might have slaughtered all the friendly inhabitants of the Society Islands without the loss of s man ; but he left it to the Spaniards to boast of such deeds . He Lad soine regard for honour and humanity—you , my Lord , have shewn none .
I pity the men engaged in this " just and necessary war . " Much glory they will gain by it ! A poison smuggler ' s war ! Better take the drug ourselves , than force it on the Chinese . What a vile use of valour Some of the "hired cutthroats" have been flogged , and they deserve it / for engaging in such a shocking and disgusting war . Will the smugglers pay the expences ? H o ; we must do that—more taxes will be laid on . The Chinese would expect that out Government
would not be permitted to do this " great thing ; " that Eu people wou' ; d snffer themselves to be inculpated by and with such a Government ; that foreign nations would interfere , or that God wouUl prevent it Such a blow on the face of man is enough to rouse the world in amis . . Bluih-, Eneiand , that then hast a Palmeraton ; blusk , Englishmen , that Pulmerston hiis England . Oh , drop : sink iuto the sea—cease to be one of the nations of the earth—let the ocean hide ns—ot make a Jonah
of this Paimerrton . I am sick at heart and must pause before 1 enter upon the Subject of Syria . Jrsics Rcsticts . Tillage , Dec- 10 , 1540 .
' MR . J . B . O'BRIEN . The following letier to a fnend has been handed to us for publication . Lancaster , December 12 ih , 1 S 46 . Mr DEiR M'Ceje . —I have duiy received your kind letter through Mrs . O'Brien , &Dd beg you to transmit her und my best thanks to our good friends the females of Kiibafchan , for the repeated proofs of sympathy and good will' i have experienced from them since ray imprisonment ; and be * ure to state to them that if after my long confinement the state of uiy health be such a * to permit me to visit Scotland , I Bhall not fail to pay them a special visit in order to make my respects to them iu person .
1 am aeligbtedto hear that the " good cause prospers in your qusr : er , " and I am happy to say Uiat I receive , almost- every day , similar gratifying acejunts from other parts of the kingdom . From what I can collect , howtver , I incline to believe that there is far more zeal and perseYeTince on your side of the border than on ours , ily worthy and faithful friend , John Duncan , of Edinburgh , who accompanied Collins and White in their recent Scottish tour , writes to me as follows : —" The people in in » st places where I have been are all soundthey really want the Gharter—but I have been in yery few places , where there are leaders—and have not found them biting at one another , and doing mischief . In Edinburgh , at this moment , there cantcarcely be said to be an association in existence , and report says that Glasgow is very litt . e better . Perth is very flat Fifeshire is , all good—a :: d so are many places in Ayrshire and Stirlingshire ; but , in fact , the people are in the best condition -srfeere their local craters are scarcest . " < 5 jc .
> ow , M'Crie , I t ^ "ve greatest confidence in Duncan ' s veracity , an i therefore I believe , implicitly with him , that all that is wanting in Scotland Ls to get all the prople . " up to the mark "—id a good dennitt plan o ! action , and guod frllow » hip amongst the leaders But really I have seen so much jealousy , so much petty frquabblissg and slander , and so jittle of charity and friendly feeling amongst the Jeaders , generally , where . ever I huve bern , that I fcave sometimes been tempted to abandon the cause altogether in despair , and even now can see IiU ; e h . ipes of success while such feelings predominate . I never visited Manchester or Brighton , or several other peaces I might name , that I did not find most of the leaders at loggerheads , and though I generally succeeded in miking peace amongst them . and keeping it while I remained , yet no sooner was I gone , than
the old fends ferote out ajaxn , or were succeeded by new ones worse than the old . I never knew an associatien to exist in London and 1 have known many ; whidi was not neutralized while in being , and finally broken up by disscutions amongst the leaders . Is there no remedy for this evil ? If thtre be not , 1 fear we shall never succeed . If there be , why is it uot searcked for , and appl . ed ? Good heavens . whow can we expect to succeed without an united people at our back ? and how can we expect those , who look . up to us as leaders , to be united , if we be not united amongst ourselves ? Have you not observed that the moment dissentions began in the Convention , that moment the country became divided also , and then also began the system of arrasts and persecution by the- Government Nay , before the Convention met , did not the denunciations of Stephens ami O'Connor , by the Birmingham leaders , and
the Calton Hill delegates , embolden the Government to arrest Stephens ? and are not ail the local leaders of both parties now languishing in gaol in consequence ? How much better would it be to settle these differences in private , oi if that be impossible , then to shew op the eriginatora of the quarrel , or the aggressors , to the public , who , if properly appealed to , would , no doubt , do them justice by casting them out of our body altogether Had the Birmingham leaders and the Calton Hill delegates , instead of openly denouncing Stephens and O'Conner , appointed a private interview with theu , and then and there come to a friendly understanding with them , what a world of mischief might have been prevented I And had the wranglers md everlasting denouncers ic the Convention , adopted a similar course , what scenes of misery and domestic affliction might have been spared to several hundreds of poor families But let us hope that steps will be taken to put a stop to
this system of squabbling and mutual crimination amongst the le&ders and , if , on trial , it be found iwpoisible to have unions or associations without them , then iii God ' s iiame let us have no unions or associations , for , I am sure , we could do infinitely better without , r ^ RTi -with them , so long as they are only hotbeds of dissentioE and uL-union .
TO THE EDITOR OF THE NORTHERN STAR . Dear Sir , —A report having been raised in this town , that I have resigned the honourable office of secretary to the Birmingham Restoration Committee , and the Birmingham National Charter Association , through fear and want of principle , in contradiction to such report , 1 beg it to be distinctly understood , that the sole reason of my resigning is a severe indisposition , and an order by my medical advertiser to keep myself , for a short time , as private and as quiet as possible , as a means of restoring nie to that vigour and energy which was once the predominant feature of my character ; when that is done , I shall be ready and willing to take the fieid for the advocacy of those rights , and am ready and willing to assist as far as my means will allow .
By giving insertion , dear Sir , to these few lines it will be the means of preserving the character of one who has nearly sacrificed his all in the caus « of liberty , and who , when his health returns , will prove to the world , that it is neither fear nor want of principle that compeia him to resign the offices he keld . I remain , The firm adherent to democracy , and Your obedient servant , W . H . Cotton . Birmingham , Dec . 28 , 1840 .
TO THE EDITOR OP " THE DISPATCH . " Sib ., —Relying upon the assurance , expressed by you , in an article of this day's Dispatch , in reference to the Chartists , that you " always adopt the principle of ht-aring all tides of every subject of importance , " I intend to offer a few comments upon the closing sentences of the article referred to ; and , Sir , presuming to be a man of " probity" and some " understanding , " and therefore faliiliing the conditions yt .-u require , I have , 1 think , a claim upon your attention . With all deference to your " usual moral courage and zeal for the popular cause , " and to your ability of discriminating between . sense and nonsense , I must tell you that it is my opinion that there was a more confused ' -jumble" of ideas in your head when you were
commenting upon J . B . ' s letter than there was of absurdity and misrepresentation in the cranium of the latter . Yju deny the assertion of my fellow working man , White , the Chartist lecturer , that " there is abundance everywhere . " Go ask the manufacturer the middle-man—the retailer—if these have empty Ptore-houses and unstoc-Jced shelves ? But , perhaps , it is the R . aterials that are wanted ; then let your inquisitiveness traverse the Atlantic , enquire of the American if he have no cotton—uo corn to exchange—and tell him , oh ! tell him , with ejaculation , that " population—that is labour ever presses upon supply , " every whsre presses forward to offer itself in exchange for labour ' s worth . " But , oh . ' " you will exclaim , i" to have these advantages -we ' imwt
have the Corn Laws repealed . " And who are they who won't have the Corn Laws repealed ? Are tliey the Chartists—that i « , the thinkivo portion , and that a numerous portion of the working class , who are totally unrepresented , and therefore have not had the power of icjUiny ? At © they not rather among that class , u great portion < if whom your journal represents , who , pussessiEgthefranch j . se themselves , have selfishly and tyrannically prevented their fellow-countrymen from participating in tte same rights and advantagea . If the electors have the p « wer to cause the Corn Laws to be repealed , then are they inconsistent in not exercisiDg
that power—if they liave it not , then are they inconsistent—insane—intolerably tyrannical , in refusing the non-electors their political rights . It is idle to talk of the tyranny of aristocratic landlords . What aristocracy could resist the middle and working classes united ? If the landlords are tyrannical to the middle and working classes , then are the middle class most absurd , that , not posse-sing the power themselves , they do not HONESTLY join the working class to repress tbt > tyranny , —if they be not , then are the middle class hypocritical , and their proceedings tend to give the impression that , if not tyrants themselves—worse , they subserve the cause of tyranny .
But , Mr . Editor , I have rather diverged from my purpose ; which was , not so much to show the absurdity of the middle class , as it was to point out how very absurdly you ihmk -when you suppose that the working class are so absurd as to entertain the belief that " were all the fat and lean rich of England t » be killed to-morrow , and their accustomed food to be gratuitously distributed to the wiioie people , it would give them a better dinner for one week . " Bat though the working class do not thus think , they are and have long been thinking upon the validity of that eonventialism which has heretofore secured to " the idler , who ought not to get one farthing of the produce , " dominion ov « r the body and soul of the labourer .
The working class are enquiring into the legitimacy of that system which dooms them to be " every where pressing upon supply , " they , themselves , possessing , in their bones and sinews , the means , and the raw material surrounding them on every hand , of furnishing the " supply : " and the result of the enquiry will be to prove the present system altogether fallacious , and that " the Charter is required to completely remodel society , and raise up the working man , " and to " give him full i > r > vrer over his own labt-ur . " And now , Mr . Editor , having " full power over his own labour , " "Would the working
man , do you think , care whether " the rich man ate less than he , or whether his viands were of a different quality . " No ; but be would care that the rich man shsuld not be so circumstanced , by the operation of the Corn Laws , for instance , and by doubling the price of his property , while he reduced that ol the workman— his labour—four fold , as to have the power of creating around him a host of idlers , in the shape of lacqueys and ladies maids , and ali the ei ceieras of fashion ami of folly . The -. vorking class of Great Britain could afford to feed to £ . * tiety all the aristocrats of the earth , did the
evil end here ; bat they can't afford to feed those vampires "who minister to their laseiYiousness and profligacy—who subserve their tyranny , and aid in their oppressions . The working , class can't afford to feed the lesser aristocrats , who " toil not , neither do they spin , " bnt who live luxuriously , and fatten upon the poor man ' s spoil ; and whose tyranny in the aggregate is the bane that is penetrating to the heart ' s core of society . Aye , Sit . Editor , the people are fast finding oat " tjie secret enemy that devours them . " We shall shortly see realised the anticipation of Volney . The rich oppressor will be pardoned his past misdeeds to the oppressed ; but be will be prevented from farther oppressing . Industry will proclaim , in a voice which will be echoed by the billow and the rock , and resounded by continents and by islands , to the richto the wealthy of the earth , " STAND YE APART AND FORM NATIONS OF YOURSELVES . "
As , with little reservation , I have given expression to my opinions , I shall trust to your cstndouA and consistency in giving them a " local habitation" in a corner of the Dispatch ; and as my brother Chartists will be interested to know that a journal , sowiduly circulated as the " Dispatch " , has , however feebly , attempted their defence against scurrility and mis-representation , I shall inf > rm them , by sending for insertion , a copy of this letter to their invaluable and especial organ , the 41 Northern Star . " I am , Sir , Yours , -very respectfully , Thomas Ireland . London , 9 , Evangelist Court , Broadway , City , December 27 , 1840 . '
€*)Artfist 3£N$*Tttg*Tu*. ( Continued From Our Second Page.)
€ *) artfist 3 £ n $ * tttg * tu * . ( Continued from our Second page . )
MEN OF LONDON , READ THIS . THE APPROACHING NEW YEARS DEMONSTRATION IN BEHALF OF FROST , JONES , AND WILLIAMS . Ought , or ought not , every mun attending the above solemn demonstration to wear partial mourning ? In my opinion they ought ; and I trust no man , calling him-Belf the " friend" or " advocate" of these injured men , will appear , either at the processien or meeting , without a black crape band round his hat , and another round bis right arm , as a mark of respeet due to his exiled friends .
Men of London , —You who so often have wore deep mourning on the death of your royal oppressors , will you hesitate to exhibit this slight token of respect for martyrs who have sacrificed their all for you ; and who , unlike kings , would fain have seen both you and yours happy ? No , I am sure you "will not , and if you would you cannot ; 'tis gratitude demands it Believe me , yours respectfully , H . Griffiths . Edgw&re Road , London , Dec . 25 th , 1810 .
^ CHARTIST REPORT FROM WHITBY . " Nothing extenuate , Nor set down aught in jualice . " There is little that is favourable to report of < h progress of Chartism in this district ? bnt as the fault is noi in the cause , but in the men , that , little cannot operate as a discouragement to Chartists . The seed sprung up vigorously jii this stony soil ; but , after the first bloom of novelty had passed away , it languished for lack of nourishment at tho root , and has had no increase . Dissensions within , and the apathy of those without , led to this state of decline . More opposition might have strengthened it ; but it never presented an appearance sufficiently formidable to provoke much wrath or fear . The men of
Whkby ( with the exception of a few of the best ) could not b « brought together to discuss grievances which they were insensible of , or which they deemed out of their reach to remedy . Willing slaves do not seek freedom ; but keep the places assigned them by their taskmasters . Only one subjeot . could move their zeal . The uational cause seemed too great for them to grasp ; but a local tax , laid on by their " betters , and collected with rigour , to modernise the streets afld to widen them for carriages—this petty impost , which picked their pockets of the little left in them by Government , roused their indignation more than all other and heavier taxes . On this subject they c&uld be brought together ; but on no ether .
Like the old Jews , the men of Whitby had got it into their heads that their liberation tsiiould bo achieved by a man of great wealth and power ; one from among themselves would hardly bo listened to . And yet , in no town can Chartism nourish unle .-s the working men be ablo to furnish and to support a leader , lecturer , and preacher of their own grade . Such an one knows their wants and wished best , and can best address them . What one of themselves can do , another might do ; at least , he feels as if he could ; whereas , if they rely on a superior , they arc apt to expect too much from him , and to do too little themselves . It is not what is done for them , but what they do for themselves , that is truly dono . A tpirit of emulation makes inherent strength , and fits for success . It is very well for a friend to visit them now and then—but more to advise and
encourage than to assist . A friend will do them more good by being an intercessor for them , than by identifying himself with them : in the one case , ho may deprecate opposition ; in tho other , ho will be liable to increase it : for the man who descends from a privileged and prejudiced clas-s to join those who aro termed his inferiors , draws upon himself tho concentrated wrath of his compeers , who regard him as a deserter and traitor , and make him tht . butt ot their scorn and malice . Tho indiscretions of the people ( if they happen to commit any ) are visited upon his head , and he is proscribed , excommunicated , interdicted , banished , to the world ' s wilderness , or , in other words , " seat to Coventry . " Such an one , by goiug over entirely to the people , cau no lotigor
btaud iu tho breach between them and their oppressors—he will bo spited as a partirau—not iisteued : o as an advocate . Instead of helping them , he wili suffer with them , or sulf . r for tht ; m , and probably need their help . Now , though he may bo wiliiug to endure all this for the sake of a good cause , and may feel hini .- 'elf sufficiently compensated and rewarded by the satisfactions which will How into his conscience , yet ho will noi be so useful as he might have been had ho kept his higher position ; and , moreover , ho must stem , not merely the opposition of the enemies of the cause , but also thohativd of his own familiar friends—of those in his own household , as well as those abroad . Backed by tho people , he may easily s . em and overcome all this ;
but if they fall from him and leave him alone!—this is the thing to fear ; for he must then becumo anathema for their sake . All the opposition and enmity in the world , public or private , is as nothing—is exhUirating compared with the disheartening debertion of those for whom lie willingly encountered all , and with whom hu might have overcame all . Who so forlorn as he who must hope against hope ? What is left for him but to think of tho cause—tho cau > , e for which he forsook all , and for which he . is forsaken by all—the cau > -e which , though he perish , shall yet succeed . A working man . standing up tor himself and his felloiv working men , has to make no such sacrifices . He gains respect and consideration , where the otner loses it .
From the foregoiug premise * we may come to the conclusion , that no working men '* association can prosper unless it be able to supply it . self with a leader and to support him on all occasions , whether of attack or defence . But an association must fiist be able to pay its way beluro it cui do any good to the general cause ; if it cannot do this , it wili bring discredit on itself and , tlmaigli itself , upon tho cause , and , thereby , do more harm than good . It requires numbers and Zeal to establish itself ; numbers , or the burthen will , tall too hoavy on tho few , and zeal , that the preaching and teaching may not devolve upon a single individual whose spirit may be willing , but whose flesh will become weak . The
asso ciated at Whitbv lacked bath , and , consequently , the purson who had been calltvi to lecturo to it , and whose softness of spirit remitted him uot the most suitable for the task , became involved in its embarrassments . This was the more distressing to him , as his former resources had been cut off for taking part with the people . Difficulties accumulated and blocked up the associated , ho reflection is to bo cast on the members who did their duty , and more than their unassociated brethren could expect . Their assistance would have helped the vehicle on with ease lo all ; but , -when the bystanders saw it stuck fast , instead of coming forward , they retreated further off .
Thus , so far from being able to send funds or delegates in aid of the general cause , this association could not keep itsult" a-going ; and , moreover , disabled the friend it had requited to come forward to organise , instruct , and direct it . His time , health , spirits , friends , and means , were sacrificed in vain . What was he to do ? He saw utiat nothing was to be done in Whitby . Bnt not wishing to remain idle ,, he used his pen , tnough his tongue was locked . He wrote frequently in the Star : and had the happiness
to receive many assurance : ; that his labours in the cause were not in vain elsewhere . To Stockton , Sheffield , Suriderland , Leeds , York , Birmingham , Bradford , &c ., he is particularly indebted for grateful testimonies , which sufficiently console him for his disappointments in bis native town . ' To those cities and towns he feels bound to give this explanation , which may account , in part , for his non-appearance when- invited to them . The time may come when he will have more liberty and confidence . But to revert to home again .
We read in Scripture that one place , whioh did not pour forth its inhabitants to fight in their country ' s cause , was accursed . " Cucse ye Meroz , " sang the patriotic and triumphant Deborah ( w » uld that there were mauy Dcboraha among the Chartists ) curse ye Meroz ! for they came not up to tho help of the Lord , to the help of the Lord against the mighty ! When the victory is obtained , such places as Wiiitby may bo proposed to be left ont o * the Charter for no : doing their duty in the great struggle to gain it . Tne stupid defection of any place makes the duty harder for others aud the dan-
ger greater ; and iaofteu more trying to the temper of those who are toiling and suffering in the common cause , than even the bitter and barbarous hostility of the heavy-metalled and exulting enemy . We frequently read in history that men , who turned from the strife , were slain by their own party , and those who refnsedI to come into it , have been dealt with as Lord Wenlock was by the Duke of Somerset , who , " with , his heavy battle axe in both hands , ran upon the coward , and with one blow dashed out his brains . " This seems to be but reasonable ; for those who do no good , do harm by the ill example which they set . But there are natural as well as political reasons for the inactivity of Whitby , and these I would plead as some excuse to avert the just indignation of more spirited places . __ ; ; .
Whitby is an isolated town—the moors behind , the sea before . It is twenty miles distant from any other town , and contains no large bodies of working men congregated in factories , consequently it lacks both communicated aud internal agitation . O'Connor did not visit it to throwtho Charter into it , his " talisman" to wake the tide ; nor has any other missionary paid it a vista . Whitby contains about 10 , 000 inhabitants , and affords a fair and almost a fresh field for the labours of a Chartist missionary . An itinerant lecturer might make a good impression ; but to render it lasting , the efforts of a stationary , or local one , would ba continually required . John Wesley could not have preached Methodism into success by his own unaided endeavours : the best part of the work was done by laypieachers .
The men of Whitby are not poor in pnrse ; bnt poor in spirit—they dislike to subscribe . Whitby is a Tory town—A . Chapman is the member . Tory tow / is , after all , are behind Whig towns . Tho working men are dupes as well as slaves— -they have been urged in vain to set up for themselve s by establishing a joint-stock shop . It is true that a Teetotal Society has got forward here ; but the pri « sts , who opposed it at first , now make a hobbyhorse of it . The Chartists are favourable to tl > - teetotallers ; but not all teetotallers are favourable to Chartists .
But Whitby , though it falls far short of Sanderland , and even of Stockton , it is still in advance of Scarborough . Nothing could have prevailed ou the men of Whitby to disgrace themselves as the men of Scarborough have lately done by unyoking the horses from the carriage of Colonel Phipps , ( a brother of the Marquis of Normanby ) and yoking themselves to it in their place . The very horses must have lan&rhed at them . Whitby takes in a few Stars—were it not for them , we should hear little of Chartism . But the pre ^ sat Leeds , like a sky rocket , weekly shoots its stars in all directions—and those that fall here must , in time , not only enlighten the minds of the people , but enkindle them .
As I challenge confutation of anything abovo set down , and as I also challenge the whole town to meet me in discussion upon the Charter , I append my name . John Watkins . Aislaby , 26 th Dec , 1840 .
TO THE CHARTISTS . Working men are no better thought of than the tools they work with—they think no better of themselves , or surely they would not tamely submit to be regarded in this contemptible light . When wanted they are used— -when not wanted they may perish . The great are toe much taken up with themselves to think of them . Working men must make themselves feared , if ever they hope to be respected . If the poor think as little for themselves as Government thinks for themif they take as little care and thought of themselves , they will long continue to envy the dogs and horses of tha rich . Those they have worked for enjoy all the comforts and luxuries that can be procured , and would make a terrible outcry at the diminution of the smallest
superfluity—while they whose labour supplies and enables others to live are themselves suffering every hardship and privation , and must not complain of tho want of the commonest necessaries ot hfe . 11 it ia their work that supplies others , it is strange that it should not supply themselves . Those whom they work fer have everything from their work , and are ti-eated with respect by everybody—those who work have nothing , and are treated with scorn . In infancy and in disease they must work , though every task is then doubly dangerous . They must work "whether they have strength or not—spirit or not—and whether they eat « r not . Death is a refuge from such a life . A father ' s lovt ; for his wife and children is made a torture
to him . Heart or mind must fail . Oh , what a heavy load of ailiiction this world is to him who must bear its weight ! Virtue sinks down under misery . A working man thus ground to the earth by unmerited want koka up to G-ovcrniue . it for relief , and is laughed at—sure proof that Government is his oppressor ! He appeals from the State to the Church—he cinnot get admission to the Queen—he goes to the Minister , and asks him what he must do . The parson tells him he must suffer contentedly , for his sins have brought it upon him . Ho looks to his fellow -working nun . Some of them are better off and regardless of their day of doom—others are fellow-sufferers and sympathise with him . He needs substantial relief—nor that so much from alms as from his own
exertions—he enquires into the cause of his condition and he finds it ia because he has been robbed of bis rights—because he is unrepresented . Tho rich have power to rob him , and he has not power t « prevent them . The rich have as much dominion uver him as over the beasts of the field . Ho must regain his birthright—he must unite for the suffrage if he wishes no longer to suffer—he must look after his own rights if he wishes to be released from wrong . There are sums willing to aid and counsel him—who came forward to do this and were clapped into prison for it—because those -whom they chilis to assist were not sufficiently
zealous to assist themselves—were backward in their own cause . Th % ought to teack them , not merely for their own sakes but tor the sake of their frieuds , to bu more unanimous in future . They have this reproach to wipe off . Gvjod God i that such men as Fox Maule should be living in ufllueuce and honour , " while the noble nnd tim good are pent iip in prison—that he should have the power to put them there and to insult them when there . The system that permits this must b 9 changed , or England will become a " hell upon earth . " _ J . W .
JULIAN HARNEY IN THE NORTH . TO THE EDITOR OF THE NORTHERN STAR . Sm , —On Monday , December 14 th , I addressed a meeting in the Trades' Hall . Elgin . The meeting M-as comparatively numerous considering that it had been anything Imt timely and properly announced . I found some little prejudice existing here against me , created by the falsehoods of my " learned friend" ( as the lawyers Bay ) the editor of the Netv Scolsmun . Those prejudices , I flatter myself , from what 1 have since seen and heard , were entirely removed by my lecture in the Trades' Hall . Tuesday , December 15 th , left Elgin , and after a walk of twenty miles , reached the clean and wullbuilt town of Forres . I here passed the evening with a few good men and true , and made arrangements with them fora meeting on my return from Inverness .
Wednesday , Dec . lGth , " marched again , " passing through Nairn . After a walk of twenty miles I ruached Campbelltown , where I passed the night at the house of a worthy Highlander of the Cameron cian . Thursday , Dec . 17 th , after a fine walk of ten miles reached Inverness . Aion ^ the road as tiie pdiisa / itry passed me or I them , they were addressing each other in Gaelic , which sounded not a little strange , yet interesting , to my southern ear ; in repiy to my Sassenach coniplimonta , " a fine day , Sir , " was the courteous answer given in good Saxon by the passing Gael .
With the appearance of Inverness I wasdiaappomted . I had figured to myself a town far more splendid in appearance U ; an [ found the Highland capital to he ; of the inhabitants , so far aa personal appearance goes , I can speak more favourably , health and stren ^ h characterising the great nwjority ; the lasses , though deficient in symmetry of figure , are amply compensated by the possession of blooming cheeks jand sparkling e ' en ; they are emphatically " bonnie , " nnd unless gallantry ia very deficient in Highland hearts cannot want for lovers . I found , as 1 had anticipated , that any knowledge of politics among tho working class was confined to a very few ; tne middle class are partly Tories—partly Whig Corn Law Repealers .
About eighteen months ago an attempt was made to agitate Inverness by Mr . M'Kenzie , of Aberdeen , but failed , owing to tne "want of an in-door p \ ace of meeting . Mr . M . did all it was possible to do in holding a meeting on the Castle Hill , and from that time some few have nourished in their breasts the principles of Chartism . After being refused the Trades' and other Halls , I at length managed to get a room attached to a Temperance Coffee House in Castle-street , and announced a meeting for Monday evening , Dec . 1 st
Owing to certain circumstances whioh I need not explain , it was out of my power to give the meeting full and timely announcement ; hence very few of the working men were aware of the intended lecture . The Whigs , taking advantage of this "want of due intimation , and of the but toa well kiiown apathy of the labouring people toward everything political , . determined to make an effort to crush Chartism in the bud , and pat a stop to the visits of such unwelcome persens as mysolf for tho future . Accordingly , on proceeding to the Hall , I found a considerable niustrfof the " respectables , " whose intentions could not be mistaken . To the right of the platform was posted a body of " workiea , " who I could see at a glance , were my friends .
With some few interruptions I was allowed to deliver and conclude my address . At its conclusion , I was attacked by some five or six of the Whigs at oace , taey being regularly marshalled for a row by one M'Pherson , employed as whipper-in of the party . Their principal speaker was one Munroe , who indulged in a long euiogiuru of the- anti-Corn Law League , and an equally lengthy tirade of abuse » f the Chartists , whom he charged aa b ^ i ng su pporters of tho " infamous Corn Laws . " To enlist the working men on his sid ? , ho descended to the low artiHco of appealing to their national prejudices , lauding the working classes
»» of Scotland as being an intelligent , industrious , loyal , and contented people ; and abusing the English working men as being an ignorant , dissolute , intemperate , and rebellious rftca He failed in accomplishing bis object , the honest working men expressing their abhorrence of his ' trickery in sounds no way pleasant to hi 3 ears . . My r ^ ply to this wot ' . hy was received with applause , by the working men , and the most disgraceful abuse on the part of the " well-educated" " gentlemen . " Mr . Munroe now proposed a resolution to tbeeffed that the Chartists in seeking the attainment of those ends by means of violence and , bloodshed , bad iiupe « l .-d the progress of rational reform , and proved themistives to be wholly unworthy of the franchise . To this an amendment or counter resolution to the effect that the meeting had full confidence in the Chartist leaders , and considered the establishment of the Charter indispen-. , ,
sably necessary to the good government of the country , was moved by Henry Burrell , a working mason , and seconded by a working shoemaker , both niuvtr and seconder giving expression to their feelings , in l . suiniage which did honour to bead and heart Dr . Forbes , a member of tho Town Council , ashamedat the . conduct of his own order , insisted upon being hear «!; he indignantly denounced the conduct of tfio " respectables , " charging them with picking the meeting , "which they "w . ) i : ' . d not hav » . ' dare ;! to have ; attempted , but that they kvnv the working clashes were ignorant of t ! ie meeting beir ^ held . F . > r this stinging rebuke the worthy D » ctor w ; is rewarded hy tho sibuse of some of the worthier , others not quite so hardened in villsnr slunk out of t ! :- roim ; seeing this , ami afraid" they would not carry the : rfr solution , the ' shopocrats" made a general bolt , leaving the " workits" in possession of , the room , , " who "wi'ii three cheers for the Chartsr , three fov Frost , rhmj for O'Connor , &c , concluded the evening strnggla
The working men present at the nitetiiig , few but true , duai . TVe for their conduct every praise ; \ . i . ile the conduct of the miildl ^ - . class ruffians tell plainly their hypocrisy in pretemling to be the friends of liii-i ty and the people . Villains , they would fain deceive the " workies" as they have done before , make um of tha people ' s strenath to humble the landed aristocrats , and then trampie upon the class by whose help they had attained their ends ; hut that they will never <>' «¦ more ; tlwy may prate about Jhe " horrid bread tax" till blade in the face , l > ut tht Charter , the -whole Ch / uUu , and nothing less than the Charter . will still be the cr v of the toiling masses .
After tfce meeting I partook of coffee with a number of the working men , ;> nd had some conversation with tlimu relativu to the formation of newspaper duUs , aud other matters connected w . ith Wie cause . In Inverness I saw for the first time a copy of the " Western Star , " published in Bath and Lond'm , and conducted by the friends of the persecuted p .-itriot , Henry Vincent It appears to bean excellent mivocate of the unrepresented millions , and I heartily ho ; e will receive the support wiiieh it merits , and which it ia the duty of the Western Chartists to afford .
While at Inverness 1 paid a visit to the baW- -field of Culloden , famous for the blood there spilled on the altar of monarchy ; as I trod the graves of cue men who died worthy a better cause , I could u <> t . help reflecting on the folly of th « human race in dfsoliting this fair world with violence and carnage , tluic the ambition and villaTiy of princes and kings niitr ' it ba gratified ! O for thy spirit , gentle ys-. t dw . itless Lochiel . to rousu thy countrymen from their Mwjp of slavery , not to set up a Stuart in the stead of .- Uuelph , but to vindicate their own rights , assert th- ir own sovereignty , and t-st-iblisfr republican equality on the ruins ef caste , privilege , and class domination ! If you . Sir , can afford Toom , I should feel oh'irx . d'by your printing the following lines , the profiucu-u cf tha late Mr John Grieve , of Edinburgh , bearing , ns they do , ( in my humble opinion , ) the stamp ef true Kcuiusbrea'hing puro poetic fire : — Culloden , on thy swarthy brow ,
Spring uo wild flowers , nor verdure fair . Thou feel ' 8 t not summer ' s genial glow , More than the ffetzing wintry air ; For once tliou draiik'st the hero ' s blood , And Wiij- ' s unhallowed footsteps bore ; The deeds uuholy nature view'd , Then fled and curs'd thee evermore . From Beauly ' s wild and woodland gkns How proudlyTiOV . it's banners soar ! How fierce the pla-itied Highlaud clans Rush onward with the broad c'ayniore ! Those hearts that high with honour beavV , The volleying thunder here laid low ; Or scattered like the forest leaves , When wintry Winds begin to blow I Where now thy honouvs , brave Lochiel ? The braided plume ' s torn from thy brov ; What must thy haushty spirit feel
When skulking like the mountain roe ! i While wild birds cbaunt from Lochy ' s bo > - * , On April eve , tbeir loves and joys , I The Lord of Lochy ' s loftiest toweia ! To foreign lands'an exile flics . I To his blue hills th ; tt ros « in view , | As o ' dr the dee p . his , ; a ! ley bore , He often look'd , and-cried " Adieu ! ! I'll never see Lochaber m . > re ! j Though now thy woun'Js I ca : inot heal , My dew , my injnr'd nutive Hud ! In other climes thy foe shall feel The weight of dt-nu ' ron ' s deadiy brand . Laud of proud hearts , and mountain ' s gr : v Whtru Fingal-fought , ti&d Oisian sung ! Mourn dark Cullorieh ' sfateful day . That from thy chiefs the laurel wrung . Where once they rul'd and roam'd at will
Free as their own dark mountain ginie , Their sons are slaves , yet k . eniy feel A longing for their fathers' fame . Tuesday , December 22 nd , at twelve o ' cl •<; .: . left Inverness , and after n "walk of nineteen miles s-.-itched Xaira , at five o ' clock . I bare took a seat at h- Elgin Cyach , and , after a ride of eieven miles , reachi-.. - . Forres at s ^ ven o ' clock . At eight o ' clock 1 / addressed a meeting in rue St . Lawrence Masonic L < ju , ' . e . _ 1 met with no inter-iption ; my auJitnee being mainly composed of the working class . There are a few " , excellent men in this town , whose zeal in the good cause is truly mornoiious ; they have my warm thanks for the kind h-ip they rendered me .
Wednesday , Dec 23 rd , left Torres at one o'clock , and after a walk of tw-. ive mili-. i , found niy . v ; if again in Elgin . At eitfht o ' clock , I addressed a »; cond meeting in tho Trades ' . Hall ; the Sheriff uf E . ; : n . shire formed one of my audience , ami it is to be lu .-p ¦•¦ ' vould profit by thepiaiii wsnis or your humble serva . ti At the close of my address , ; i Chartist Association was furmed , not very strong in point of numbers ( at the -ncset ) , but skron « , 1 trust , in principle ; though few , th , re are some true-heartud men here . Let them persev- r-. and ffiint not ; they will have their reward ic the Mi . n ' roval of their own huarts , and in hastening , by their -rd , the emancipation of themselves and the regent ;!; . ; -on of their country . George Julian Ha . - : sy . Elgin , Dec . 24 , 1840 . .
BIUMIHGHAM— Wo niwterstand that ' ' . is the intention of a few friends ^ JJElfri Charter to 'vnvene a public meeting of the MeWQk-audtorers of t ' frtjdom to establish a National Charter Total At- a ; wnco Association ; the mftt-iu ? to bf > hold at Mr . O-: org © Laudy's , No . 17 , Little ( . 'harks Screut , Biros ¦ : » ham , on Tuesday evt-iiiug , J .- » n . 5 ; tiie chair will L > cakem at Jialf' -paai seven o ' clock . BiSKOPTON , NiiAu Stockton . —After ev < ry opp . iifiiiou from tjje parguna ' aud farmers , with i ' :. l exception of ' oue honost , hearty yeoman of the > ; u- old Enxlieh breed , tho working men in this villct ' -.- have at length openedtheir Joint Stock Store Bliip . u ,,. i met with ; t run ot success which , though oxtrt m . \ ^ ratifying to them , is ajiyf-hiu *; bui . pleasing t <> their selfish aud bigotted opponents . This shop , by the tangible goon it is doLig , is making many cot ; ris to
Churtism , for it is shewing that Chartism j > uot a mere matter of ypeculaiivo opinion , but of . practical benefit to the working glasses , ( ioldsinith s ^ . * .-, that to meet his fellows iu a ,, public-house used to rive an hour ' s importance to tho poor man's heart , 'flit working men notv meet at their shop , and find not merely au " hour's importance , " but kiting goad enactssomething thai will eventually rai ^ o them fro m the degraded and stirring conditioa into which bad government has plunged thfcrn , and would fain keep them . The men are resolved to bo no longer trampled down by the hoaft of an ApoHyon priesthood and oligarchy ; but to resist their deviloppressors ana make them tiee from them . May all towns and "villages do likewise—tiiey must , or they will all be ahumed .. .
riSRE ( Wilts ) . —NationmCharter Association —The members of this abaociiiiiou met as usual at th •> house of Mr . Stephen Mills , on Monday evening , ac seven o ' clock , vrhen some uew members were enrolled . The cause is progressing here slow but sure , and new members are coming ia , old and young , every meeting night , who are all anxiously looking forward to the glorious demonstration on New Year ' s Day . The agricultural labourers in this district have heard something about Cliartisur , but never had its principles fully explained to them , and the great farmers and clergy do all in their power- to keep them from it , but they are beginuing to see aud hoar them themselves , and do ' their . own work . "William Crouch , Chairman ; John Morgan , Secretary ; Stephen Mills , Treasurer . '
DERBY . —National Charter Association . — The members of thL body bad a tea party on Monday evening last . The attendance far surpassed our most sanguine expectations . Mr . John Johnson was unanimously ca 4 ied w > she chair , when the song , " Huzza for O'Connor , the brave , " was sung ( composed by one of the party ) . The pretty lasses , and the merry lads , began to ' trip the fantastic toe . " The large room at Mr . Tegz ' s , Tauuers' Arms , was most beautifully decorated ' . with evergreens , apples , oranges , &c ., which had a most plying effect .. * The portraits of Feargus O'Conuor , Gonei-al Arthur O'Connor , John Collins , Dr .. M ' - DouaJi , Bronterro O'Brian , aad last , not lea 4 ; , tho injured exile , John Frost , decorated the wat ! j . Da : urnt ; , songs , and recitations of the first order-were kepi up with high glee until a late hour .
43rimnai Carregpomjratp. "•" "
43 rimnai Carregpomjratp . " " "
My accounts from Manchester , Brighton , and the Tsj 6 of Wight , and aeveial other places , are , on the whole , cheering . In Manchester great numbers of fresh members are being every week . enrolledin the Association , and , -what is still more gratifying , a majority of the new members are Irishmen I Bad news for Dan , that ! These Irishmen , I am told , send great numbers of the Northern Star , Liberator , and other Chartist papers , every week to Ireland , where , no doubt , they will do an immensity of good . Let Dan's camp be but onoe stormed in Ireland , and back will have to march the troops that were brought over here last year and the
year before from the Green Island , " to put down the English Chartists . Whit a glorious day it would be for the Chartists here , to see the troops called back to Ireland to put down Chartism there!—and what a pretty turn-out "we Bhould then have here on our own account ! If the Irish resident in England will but go on as they have begun , you will hear of glorious sport on both sides of the Channel before long , for when the Irish take any thing up they go the whole hog at once , and go it right gallantly into the bargain . And though the " boys" I allude to would rather fight for the Charter than talk about it , I don't , God forgive me!—love them a bit the less on that account .
I am sorry to see , by the advices from America , that the probabilities are strong in favour of General Harrison's triumph over the Tan Buxen pany . If so , it will be " a heavy blow and great discouragement" to the cause of democracy in France and England , as well as in America . Harrison represents the infernal Whig , er middle-class rag-money interests , which have done more to bring panics , bankruptcies , and desolation on th « American people in less than thirty years , and which have wrought more riail insecurity and peril to her democratic constitution , that a century of boroughmongering government has even effected against the rights and prosperity of the Britiah people . No doubt , European gold , and English gold in particular , has
been liberally plied at the American elections ; but , should tbe vampire Whigs succeed against the democrats , by carrying Harrison ' s election to the Presidency , it ia the general opinion in the States , and tis my most earnest hope , that a general insurrection of the American democrats will be the consequence ; for , you roust know , that there are millions of Amtrican dtmucnits ¦ who are resolvel to perish in the ruins of their republic rather than suffer it to be filched from them by the bribery , perjury , and treason of Whig middle-class assassins in the pay of the American banks , and in league with the monied murderers of European society , from whom the means of corruption are being supplied . I have seen extracts from soiub American journals of high tepute , -which bear me out in these ouiniuns and
. I need not say , my dear friend , that I shall be most bappy to hear from you as often as you can spare time to write . Tell me all that's passing in the West of Scotland , and I will take care to let you know what I msy learn from other places , should you desire it . I find , in spite of all that false friends , and open eiremies , and jealous calumniators have done to ruin and depopularise me , ( in order to render me useless to the cause , ) I find , in despite of all , that I still possess the confidence and affections of the thinking Chartists in all parts of the country , where my name and public conduct are known , tiod knows , it ought to be so , for never did man strve the people with more aeal and self-devotion than I have endeavoured to do , though , I regret to say , with very , very little benefit to the pubiic , in comparison -with what would have been the case , had I been more fortunately circumstanced .
Please give my best regards and affectionate remembrances to my good female friends of Kilbarchan , and to our brethren in the good cause , and accept the same yourself , from Yoora , very sincerely , James B . O'Brien . P . S . I am delighted with what you state in reference to the progress of Charcist Christianity ( which is primitive Christianity ) against the long-faced , hypocritical Pharisees of the day , "whose religion consists in making long prajers , devouring widows' houses , and preaching slavery to the poor under the name of humility , and dntiful submission to the " powers that be , " which powers , they would fain make ns believe , are " ordained of God , " although the sleek vagabonds well know that , without the devil and his works , such " pewera" would never have been beard of . By all meau £ get rid cf the " black slugs ; " by all meaus protect the consciences and cabbages of the poor from the " black slugs . " J . B . OB .
¦ THE NORTHERN STAR . 7 -= — " ' " ~ ¦ , „ ., ¦ ¦ ¦ ; - ¦ - ¦ ., - ¦ - ,
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 2, 1841, page 7, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct360/page/7/