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SECOND EDITION. i. afc
Leeds :—Printed for the Proprietor, FEARGU8
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THE FOLLOWING REQUISITION , TO THE LORD LIEUTENANT OF THE WEST RIDING , was presented to his ^^ Lordship , on Monday , the .-4 th of January , 1841 : — To the Right Honourable the Earl of JIarewood , Lord Lieutenant of the Weti-Ridino » f the County of York . May It Please TOtm Lobdship , : WE , the Undersigned Inhabitant Householders of th « West-Riding of the County of York , reanerf your Lordship to « Convene a Publio Meeting of the Inhabitants of tho West-Riding , to beheld in Le « h on Thursday , the 21 st Day of January , 1841 , at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon , for the pwpo « hrf Addressing her Majesty to Dismiss her present Ministers , and to request her to call to her Council ntu who will make Universal Suffrage a Cabinet measure . '" . ¦ ThomaB Vevera , Huddersfield . Wra . Winter , Wakefield . Edward Williams , Huddersfield . Wm . Wilcox , Leeds . Matthew Messenger , Huddersfield . John Talbot j Wakefield . -V John Horbury , Huddersfield . Robert Dingwall , Leeds . . James Hare . Robert Jones , Combmaker , Leeds . Thomas Shackleton . Joseph Hadfield , Carpet Manufacturer , Heck * Thomas Taylor . mohdwike . »¦««« . Samuel Swain , Leeds . Thomas Gillmor , Huddersfield . : W . Trynor . Joseph Thornton . Huddertfield . , Jos . Hobson , Printer , and Publisher , Leeds . Joseph Rush worth , Huddersfield . Joseph Jones , Shoemaker , Leeds . Edward Clayton , Huddersfield . Lawrence Pitkethly , Draper , Huddersfield . John Newell . John Leech , Shopman , Huddersfield . . ¦ ¦ Thomas Taylor . ¦ Samuel Binns , Woolsorter , Huddersfield . William Swallow , Wakefield . James Shaw , Huddersfield . Michael Hunt , Wakefield . William Bond , Huddersfield . John Brook , Wakefield . George Taylor , Huddersfiold . ¦ Andrew Gardner , Leeds . Benjamin Clayton , Huddersfield . Beojamin Kuowles , Leeds . Jamea Hall , Huddersfield . ¦ ' - . &c , &o ., &c , &o . His Lordship having respectfully Declined to accede to such request , we , the afore-named RequisUori hereby CALL A . _
SUBSCRIPTION for the Widow and Family of the late Mr . HENRY PATTISoN , who wai killed in the recent Accident on tho York and North Midland Railway . . Henry Pattison was twenty-two years of age : he had , been in business in Leeds , as a Printer , for about a year and a half previous to his death , and the proceeds of the Sale of his Business and Stock will be scarcely sufficient to meet hia liabilities . He has left a Widow enceinte , and one young Child
TEETOTAL CHARTISM ! ' THE ADDRESS TO THE WORKING MEN OF GREAT BRITAIN , written by Umt Vincent , ( now in Oakham Gaol ) , and signed by several Others , being now Reprinted , and Sold is * Tract , at Five for One Penny , or One Shilling and Sixpence por Hundred . It is intended , in February next , to produce au Edition , containing a List of all the Political Victims , and Members of the late Cos * vention , who have , through the columns' of tho Northern Star , desired to have their Names attached ; but , to prevent mistakes , no name will fa
PUBLIC WELCOME TO MESSRS . WILLIAMS AND BINNS . ON MONDAY , JANUARY 25 th , those staunch talented , and honoured Advocates of Liberty , will bo
BLINDNESS . MR . BAXTER , Oculist , may be consulted daily at No . 37 , Warren Street , Copperas Hill , Liverpool , upon all cases of OPHTHa . LM . IA , or Inflammations , Specks , &c , Amaurosis ^ or Dimness of Sight , without Blisters , Bieediug , Seton , Issues , or any restraint of Diet , or Business .
BURNItEY .-TaiCTtPHi . Ni Estry oi MR . R . J . Bichabdsos , ntTq the Towk of Bcbslet . —The Chartista of Burnley and neighbourhood had a mest glorious gathering on Saturday evening , Jan . 2 nd ., to " welcome Mr . R . into tbek town . The evening m remarkably fine , and tbe thousands assembled oa -the © cession gave ample testimony toat the priadplee . contained ia tbe ' People ' s -darter" are held in tie highest teem in this neighborhood , and the hearty congratulations given to tbe dutingaish ^ d patriot , and victim of Whig perseeutioa , proved that the " people" ? kad not •* deserted taeir leader * , " bat are ready and willing to t » e every effort to redeem themselvei from political bondage , and forward the great , the glorious , and Godlike cause of freedom . The procession formed at the Working liens' News-Room , moved in the following order , and met Mr . B . about half a mile oat of tpwn : — Tiro Marshaia on horseback , wearing splendid Rosettes ,
. and N » a "" g white-wands . Men six abreast - >' A Hand Loom Weaver carrying an Illuminated Banner , Motto : " Welcome the Noble Patriot , Richardson , the Band Loom Weaver ' s Friend . "
Band . Open carriage drawn by greys , Postillion green and white iirery . Council of the " National Charter . Association , " wearing splendid rosettes and bearing white staves . Large Flag : Motto , " Tyrants' chains are only strong while slaves submit to wear them . " Men six abreast . Band . large Flag : Motto , " Let us ba united-, our Rights and Liberties to gain . " Men six abreast . Band . Various Flags and Bannera ( seventeen in number ) bearing suitable emblems and mottoa . Men six abreast Band . Men six abreast .
Marshal on horseback at the rear sf the procession . There were at least " 000 persona in the procession . On Mr . Richardson ' s appearance , and while getting Into the carriage , the drum gave the signal for three times three , and they were given in fine style , they fairly mada the " Welkin ring . " The procession entered the town from the Manchester Road , and proceeded through the principal streets , entering when they came opposite the residences of their friends . During the route of the procession the " Council" distributed 1000 tracts , 500 ol •« What is a Chartist , " and 500 of "Vincent's Total Abstinence Adtireaa . " 2 iot the slightest accident occurred , but all
vent off to the satisfaction of tbe parties concerned . Tbe procession halted at the Royal Oak Inn , where a public dinner was served up to upwards of 200 individuals , male and female . The cloth being removed , a chairman was appointed , and various patriotic toasts and sentiments were put from the chair , and responded to in neat and soul stirring speeches , interspersed with crags , recitations , &c ; the band st intervals playing patriotic airs . At the close of the proceedings the ' whole assembly sung the Chartist National A "them in % most beautiful manner . A vote of thanks was then . given to the -chairman , and the" assembly separated highly gratified with their evening ' s entertainment
"BRADFORD . —Cocxcn . Mbetixg . —The usual "weekly meeting was held on Saturday evening last , in tbe Chapel , Long Croft Place , Mr . Hodgson , President . The following council-men paid in the contributions of the members of their Associations : —Mr . Oddy , Dudley Hiii , 3 s . ; Sir . Hird , Bowling , & . 5 d . ; Mr . Topham , Pudsey , is . lid . ; Mr . Bartows , Horwn , 03 ; alter which & le-. ter was read from Mr . Martin , acknowledging the receipt of a sovereign we have sent him . He , in stroug terms , denounces the conduct of the mendicant apostate of Derrynane , and ssys , wfcaS a contrast betwixt thii Baggarraan , O'Connell , and O ' Connor ! While Dan is swindling the money out of the pockets of tbe poor Irish , for humbugging them , O Connor is
suffering the greatest privations , for being the disinterested ebampien of Chartism . The Prison Inspector asked Mr . Martin if he intended to agitate after he was liberated , to which Be answered in the affirmative , ami said , after he had lectured through the West Biding , he intended to proceed to Ireland , and there agitate for the Charter . Men and Women of Bradford , be at your posts at the Leeds Demonstration i Lei the Big Begg&rman , Baa , know you hare not forgot bis conduct on the Factory Question , the Dorchester Labourers , the brave Canadians , tbe Forty Shilling Freeholders of
Ireland ; his pledging himself to raise 500 , 000 Precursors , w > butcher the people of England , who were engaged in the holy cause of freedom ; his boasting that Sergeant Daly , and bis few countrymen , had murdered poor Snail—iiad defeated John Frost , whom be denounced as a traitor . Remember these things , ye slaves and " hoores" of England . As-. Bemblfl in thousands , and make him have cause to - regret visiting the town from whence the Northern Ltaftinary emanates . The Chartists procession will Hart from the open space of ground in front of the Social Institution , on Thursday morning next , at half-past six o ' clock , with music and bankers .
National Chaster Association op Great Bbitaix . —V 7 e understand tbe members of this Association will meet at the house of Mr . Goldsborough , Goodmansend , this evening , at eight o ' clock . —when , it is requested every _ member will Attend , as there is business of importance to be brought before them . HTTDBERSFXBXiD . —On Saturday evening , a diseossion on the Corn Laws took place , at the Philoso phical Hall , betwixt Mr . Fjsxug&n , the anti-Corn Law lecturer , and Mi . Leech , the Chartist lecturer , of Mancheater . According to previous arrangement , the lecturers were to ziioose a chairman each . Mr . Pit-Icethly was appointed by Mr . Leech , and Mr . Hill by Mt Finnigan . After the Chairmen had introduced the
" lectures , Mr . Finnigan commenced his address , which -was listened to with , the greatest attention—the audience expecting to hear something advanced new on this vital subject , bnt was only wearied with a repetition of what had been told many times beforehis party endeavouring to cheer at intervals . Mr . ' Leech followed , and the arguments , with statistical facts , brought forth thunders of applause from all who heard them . As a specimen of the state Mr . . Finnigan -was in , a person in the Hall called out , and asked if it did not touch his conscience ? He ( Mr . F . j answered ' by Bsying , "Does your mother know your oat ' . " whicii appeared to paralize the intelligent of his friends . A ; the conclusion , a vote of tiifvnfca was given to the " Chairmen : after which Mr . Binns moved a vote of
thanks to Mr . Leech , which was earned by a forest of fr » T > d « Mr . Swann moved one for Mr . Finnigan , and only a few responded to it- Mr . Binns then moved the following resolution , which was attempted to be suppressed by the persons who form the committee of ~ Mt . F . ; but was put by Mr . Clayton , and carried -xm&nimocsly . The snti-Com Law party declared it was carried for a repeal of the Corn Laws , when Mr . Leech stepped forward , and called upon the audience who were for the resolution , and for the Charter becoming the law of the land , to hold up their hands , when almost every hand in tie place washeld up . The Tepeelen then left the meeting , no doubt well satisfied "that the humbug could not be thrust down the throats of the people of HuddersSeld .
. Tbe following is the resolution proposed by Mr . Binns , and carried all but unanimously : — " That , in the opinion of this meeting , it would be ~ zto lew difficult to obtain from the aristocracy the re-• peal of the Corn Laws—a partial evil—and which would l-ensfit only a very few , than it would be to establish the principles of the Charter . We are , therefore , eonviaeed tnat the present agitation , carried on by the Corn Law League , is only intended to divide the unenfranchised by the cry of cheap bread , and thus prevent o desirable a consummation as the establishment of TJniversal Suffrage . " . Three cheers were then given for the Charter ; three for O'Connor , Frost , and the expatriated and imprisoned Chartists ; and three groans for the Whigs .
National Charter Association . —On Tuesday evening , as the meeting of the National Charter Asjoeiation , in their room , Upperhead How , the following jnenies were , voted to be sent for the following purposes ;— £ 1 15 s . to the fund of the West Riding Council ; 10 & . to the Victim Fund ; 10 s . to the fund for the West Riding Demonstration ; and ordered the ezpe&cea of Mr . Leech to be paid for his attendance Also , ordered fifty Chartist Circulars , far the next three ¦ fnrmT h * , to be distributed as tracts . A large number of new members enrolled themselves , being made converts from the facts adduced by Mr . Leech in bis dis-«< uaion « n Saturday .
SAXtLTAX . —PUBLIC MEETI 56 TO MEMORIALISE THE Q , tTEKS FOB THE RESTORATION OF FsOSt , WlLjuams , akd J 05 ES . —On New Year ' s Day in the evening , a public meeting was held in the Old Assembly Boom , Talbot Inn , in this town , Mr . B . Roahton , of Oven den , in the chair . Resolutions conforming with the advice as given in the Northern Star o / the Saturday previous , were passed ; and the excellent address , f > m « jiaiin £ from the oommittee at Birmingham , was adopted , as expressive of the opinions of that
jneeting on tbe important subject for which they had assembled . All the preliminaries iaving been disposed of unanimously , the memorial signed on behalf of the meeting by the chairman , was ordered to be forwarded to the managing committee at Birmingham , for Frost , Williams , and Jones , to be disposed of as hereafter determined on by that committee ; whea the one address adopted at the different meetings by the united people shall be presented to her Majesty by the deputation appointed by the working classes .
Radical Dikseb—New Year ' s Day presented another opportunity to the Radicals of tnis town , to honour their anniversary with a . public dinner . After die cloth was withdrawn , the annexed resolu tions ww « paved , with instructions that a copy of them ba sent to the committee at Birmingham , acting for Messrs . Frost , * « fce . < fee . subjecting them to their Approval and adoption , if thought necessary , whea the memorial is prepared and Bent , viz . 1 st . Re-Me&red- — " That a memorial signed by the ^ " - " nan
be prepared and sent to her Majesty requesting her to authorize the return of Frost , Williams , and Jones , from transportation , reinstating them as free subjects of her Majesty ' s dominions , and restoring them to the bosoms of their wives and their disconsolate families . " Moved by Mr . R . Tetley , seconded by Mx . F . Mitchell . 2 nd . That the people of this and the surrounding district , be recommended to petition the Qneen , in twenties , in favour of the return of Frost , Williams , and Jones and that one be sent every fortnight until the petitions are heard and answered . " Moved by Mr . R . Sutcliffe and seconded by Mr . Crabtree . After the above were disposed of , various patriotic toasts weie given and responded to .
CHESTERFIELD & BBAMPTON . —National Charter Association . —At the weekly meeting of the members of the above association , held on Monday evening last , it was moved and seconded , and carried unanimously , " That this meeting feel with utter disgust the cowardly and malicious attack on the character of our highly lamented patriot , John Frost , Esq ., in the Derbyshire Courier , by the editor of that vile trash ; and this meeting recommends the working classes of Chesterfield to discontinue taking such vile rubbish . " It is particul arly requested , that all those members who have subscription books will bring them in on Monday evening next , so that we may transmit a payment to the victims as early as possible .
MANCHESTER . —On Tuesday evening , a lecture was given is the Association Room , Tib-street , by Mr . Thomasson . of Newcastle-upcn-Tyne . He commenced by remarking that the parties connected with the Household Suffrage movement , were those whs drew up the Charter , and observed , that if Chartism was given up for that question , twelve months would not elapse before that again would be quitted for something else . He proceeded to glance at the waste of money by an economising legislature , and made some striking and excellent remarks on the pawn shop method of meeting a deficient revenue by Exchequer Bills , which were very often charged to tbe nation as an addition to its debt He then referred to the settlement of the China question , as being thought by some as likely to advance
the condition of the masses , and remarked , that if constant ill-requited toil were a blessing , it would be so , but that nothing short of Universal Suffrage would benefit the masses ; stern devotion to right would alone elevate them in character and habits . Ha next adverted to some of the causes of crime , and observed that Government punished offences which their own bad administration of affairs created . Man , said he , vras not mure vicious now than in Alfred ' s time , when one prison contained the criminals of tbe whole nation ; but , at that time , small plots of land , cultivated by the people , kept them in comfort and independence ,
and saved them from that want and destitution , of which they are at present victims . He then turned the attention of his hearers to the organisation of the people , and the necessity of spread ing information and muting themselves acquainted with popular rights ; and argued that extended education would benefit the people , allay public prejudice , and unite parties in demanding a Reform in Parliament . The speaker made an impression which will not be easily erased , asd , at the conclusion of his address , Mr . Nuttail moved , and another friend Beconded , a vote of thanks to the lecturer , which was given accordingly .
SEIGHLET . —Punishment of the Stocks—On Wednesday last , three young men were confined in the public stocks for Sabbath-breaking , having been detected in the act of gaming a few Sundays ago . Coksmracy . —An infamous attempt was made at Sutton , about four miles from Keighley , to ruin a poor man , named Thomas Davy , who keeps a beer-shop there . A vagabond looking ch-vracter , answering to the description of one of Harrison's men , went into the house , and wanted a pint of ale warming . On being supplied , be put his hand into his breeches pocket , as if in seirch of money to pay for it . After fumbling some time , he began to express surprise , observing that he had a shilling in his pocket , for anything he knew ; but , as he imagined it must have clipped into the
lining , he would be under the necessity of going into a private room to strip himself , and search . He accordingly went into the parlour , and came out again in a few minutes , congratulating himself on having found the lost shilling . Oa coming again into the kitchen , Davy ' s wife , who began to entertain some suspicion of the man , went into the parlour , and discovered three bundles of weft under tbe longsettle . On mentioning the circumstance to her husband , he immediately went for the consUbie , who lived next door , . and had him taken inte custody . A bottle of rum was also found on his person , which he had , no doubt , intended to leave on the premises also . Whilo this was going on , two notorious characUrrs from Keighley , Joseph Bedmaine and Barnard M'Yay , emp'oyed as a sort of
bailiffs and bastard inspectors , accompanied by the constable of Silsden , rushed into the parlour , where they expected to find tbe deposited weft Finding their dark scheme frustrated , and their tool taken into custody , they prepared to decamp , and , on being requested to take their man and weft with them , th ? y said they would have nothing to do with him , and went to another public-house , -where they declared their innocence of the whole affair . The man underwent an examination before the Keighley magistrates , and finding himself in a serious scrape , made a full confession of the whole plot . From his deposition , taken down by Mr . Metcalfe , the magistrates' clerk , it appears that he
has been in the habit of practising these kiud of frauds for more than three years back . One person was at present suffering in the House of Correction , and another residing in Bradford had paid £ 20 , through his villany . He said he got the weft from Redmaine , who got it from Benjamin Bottomley and Messrs . Bairstowe , of Sutton Mill , and that Bottomley gave him sixteen shillings , and Redmaine twenty-seven , in hand , to perform the job npon Davy and Tommy O'WiUitS , of ( Hnsburn , and that if they could convict them he was to have £ 7 more . The affair is getting examined into , with tbe intention of apprehending the parties for a conspiracy .
DBO 7 Z * SDEN . —Mr . Curren , of Manchester , addressed the Chartists of this village , in an eloquent and impresiiTe lecture , on Tuesday evening . SULKEOW .-Mr . James Greavea , of Oldham , lectured on aunuay evening ; although the notice of the lecture was short , the room was crowded , and the subject treated in a masterly manner . A soiree took place on Tuesday evening , in the Associationroom , the Radical band having promised their attendance . The room was handsomely decorated with portraits . A number of patriotic songs and glees filled up the evening ' s entertainment , STOCKPOBT . —On Friday evening last , an eloquent lecture was delivered by Mr . Bairstow , in the Association-room , Bamber ' s-brow , to a numerous and attentive audienoe .
HULL . —Delegation to Leeds , < fcc— The Council of the Hull National Charter Association , met on Tuesday evening last , to elect delegates to attend the West Riding meeting , and the archbypocrite , Dan O'Conneli ' s demonstration , to beheld in Leed 3 on the 21 st instant . The following pemms have been appointed the delegates for Huil : —Mr . John Peck , Air . Wonsdell , Mr . Burns , and Mr . S . Healey . E . OCHD ALE . —On Sunday last , ilr . Greaves , of Oldham , lectured in the Charter Association Room , to a full attendance of its members . Mr . C . Connor will lecture in the afternoon and night , on Sunday next , at the above place .
BLE 1 GHZ . C-T . —On account of the numerous meetings which have taken place in the "Working JIta ' s Hall , that on behalf of Frost , "Williams , and Jor . es , which should have taken place on New Year's Day , is fixed for Monday next . It is so arranged that , after the business of tiw meeting on behalf of the suffering patriets is finished , the trial of Robert Emmett will be again gone through , for the benefit of the imprisoned CbwtUts . Delegate Meeting . —A numerous and respectable meeting of delegates , from the townships and villages of Haworth , Sutton , Silsden , Cross Hills , and Connoley , took place at the Temperance Hotel of Mr . Thomas Knowlea , on Sunday last . Resolutions were passed , to the effect th&t each of the above phces should immediately commence establishing Chartist classes , to act in concert with those of Keighley ; and that exertions should be made to procure &s much money as possible for the 'benefit of the suffering families of those in prison .
BRADFORD . Daist Hill . —Mr . Arran preached here on Sunday night , on behalf of tho wires and families of the imprisoned Chartists ; 5 s . O ^ d . was collected . He lectured on Tuesday to a full audience , and gave great satisfaction . BAE ^ TSLEY . —On Monday evening last , the National Charter Association held its weekly meeting , at P » ter Hoey ' s . There were a great many members present , and some new ones enrolled . The all-absorbing topic was the Leeds meeting , and the reception friend Dan was to receive ; and a 3 the sinews of war are always necessary on such occasions , our Barnsiey Chartists voted one pound towards defraying the expences of the meeting .
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LEEDS . —Co&k Law Dieccssios . —According to previous announcement , a public discussion took place , on Thursday evening last , on tbe above subject , between Mr . Thomas Moeley , of Leeds , anti-Corn Law Lecturer , and Mr . Leech , of Manchester , Chartist Missionary . The large Hall which is fitted op for the Fox and Goose demonstration was granted for the occasion : about two thousand persons were present . Mr . Joshua Hobson was appointed chairman for Mr . Leech , and Mr . Thomas Plint foT Mr . Mosley . Before the discussion commenced , Mr . Hobson stated , that , as it was originally announced that the proceedings would commence at half-past seven , and close at half-past ten , and as it was then nearly eight , be thought that eleven o ' clock should be the time for closing the business . This was agreed to .
Mr . Mmlky then rose , and commenced by hoping the assembly would be as silent as possible , ) in order that he might be heard , as his voice was rather weak . He would endeavour to point out to the aeeting the injurious effects of the Corn Laws . They laid a heavy duty - on foreign corn , and , thereby , made bread dear . England was peculiarly situated for manufactures ; besides it did not grow sufficient Corn , within three millkns of quarters annually , for the consumption of ite iahabitants ; had there been no Corn Laws there need not now be a national debt . Our aristocracy spend five millions aunnaily of our money in France , and , by their profuse wealth , caused the French to commence manufacturing ; men of ruined and
indifferent fortunes go abroad , in order to live cheap , as the Corn Laws cause provisions to be too dear at home . He then went through a variety of statistics , to shew the injurious tendency of the Corn Law ? , and stated that they destroyed the comforts of the poor . They also acted as a tax on the community , by compelling them to pay poor rates , whjch they otherwise would not have to pay . He then read the evidence of several persons given before a Committee of the House of Commons , in corroboration of hia views ; and stated that the Corn Laws injured not only the home , but the foreign trade , as , after the turmoil of the late war , the people of the continent offered to exchange their corn for our manufactured goodsbut our aristocracy would not allow it .
, There was not half the amount of woollen cloth now exported that had been sent formerly . Nature has ordained that the Continent should be au agricultural country , and not a manufacturing one . He then read extracts from a book , to shew the great increase that had taken place in the exportation of machinery to Germany , Holland , France , « fco ., which places were formerly our bost customers . Thus , thousands would be thrown idle , if some steps were not taken to alter this state of things . He also read extracts to shew the great decrease that had taken place is our exports , and appealed to the audience on the injustice of the Cora Laws , and the complete hopelessness of being better situated until they were abolished .
Mr . Leech arose , and commenced by stating that he fuliy agreed with the last speaker , that this was an important question . But it has seldom been examined with regard to the welfare of the working classes : it had been stated by Mr . Mosley , that fa'O million quarters of corn were consumed by the inhabitants of this country—this he ( Mr . Leech ) denied , as a large portion was consumed by horses , and exported to other countries to feed the tax-eaters and idlers of this country . He . would confine himself chienyto the latter part of Mr . Mosley ' s statementargument he could not call it , namely , " That the Corn Laws tended to reduce wagess" and as Mr . Mosley had quoted various authorities to subjtautiate his statements , he also would read a
few . Mr . Leech then went on to show that wages had rapidly decreased before the Corn Laws were in operation , and stated , were it not for the enormous reduction of wages , the working classes of this country could purchase more food and clothing than they now did . His opponent had stated that the Corn Laws caused a decrease in the demand for manufactured goods . Why , our trade had increased fhore Kince 1815 , than before , which was quite the-reverse of what Mr . Mosley had endeavoured to show . It was also a wellkuowa and lamentable fact , that as our trade went on increasing , the value of goods and wages of labour decreased in proportion . That we were losing ourtrade . hedenied . But that we were losing thepower
and means , to consume , he admitted . Tho manufacturers of Manchester wero amongst the foremost of the Corn L&w Repealers , and complained loudly of tho decrease of trade ; but in the midst of their complaints , they had , on their own Bhewing , realised a profit of £ 1 , 500 , 009 BteriiDg last year ; and , at the same time , the wages of their workmen were reduced 25 per cent . ( Hear , hear . ) He defied any man to deny the following : —That as our trade increased , the workmen's wages decreased . Were it not for places like this ( meaning Marshall ' s immense factory , in which the meeting was held ) , where poor children , are locked up thirteen or fourteen hours a day , we should not be in the stato we then were . ( A tremendous burst of cheering followed this
slatement . ) The power-loom weavers of Manchester , badly as tbev were paid before , have suffered a reduction to their wages , to the amount of . £ 80 , 000 within the last rear ; and it has been calculated that in that , period the wages of the workpeople of Manchester , had been reduced £ 200 , 000 . They would thus be compelled to purchase so much less in the ensuing year than they could previously . ( Hear , hear , hear . ) Why , then , talk of losing our foreign trade . With regard to the statements made concerning the exportation of machinery , he would 6 tate a fact which would shew that we also imported machinery , a- locomotive engine having been purchased from America , and landed here , at twenty-five per cent . less than it could be procured here , although tho Americans paid fourteen shillings and elevenpence wages to our ten shillings and sixpence . They were also rapidly increasing their manufactures , in 1815 they manufactured but 1 , 000 bales of cotton ; but in
1839 they had consumed 30 , 000 . It would appear from Mr . Mosley ' s logic , that France , with a population of thirty millions of inhabitants , America with fourteen minions , Russia , and other countries , must go to the plough tail , to grow corn for England . He thought he bad plainly and clearly shown that the Corn Laws were not the cause of the distressed situation of the people of this country . No ! my friends , the real cause of oar distress is the reduction that has taken place in our wages , which hinders us from buying either food or clothing . One of the greatest advocates of Com Law repeal , aud a leading member of the Corn Law League , at Manchester , had reduced the wages of his workpeople from 7 s . to 9 s . of the weekly amount . He thought this conduct very inconsistent with the large professions made by that party , of wishing to better the condition of the working classes .
Mr . Moslky denied that Mr . Leech ' s arguments went to refute what he had advanced , as he merely dwelt on the question of competition , and not that of the Corn Laws . He ( Mr . Mosley ) maintained that the Corn Laws were the chief cause of competition . His opponent had complained of the reduction of wages ameDgst the weavers ; he imputed that to the Corn Law ? , which would not allow trade to expand . If a merchant gets a small price for his goods , he cannot afford to givo good wages . Mr . Leech has told you that he has come here to shew how it operates on the interests of tbe working classes ; am not I doing the samel ( No , no , ) Any man who attempted to divide the middle and working classes wa 3 doing a great injury . Their interests were the same . ( Question . )
Mr . Leech understood that Mr . Mosley had been endeavouring to shew that a repeal of the Corn i ^ aws would increase trade and wages also . That he had failed to do ; for he ( Mr . Leech ) had shewn that as trade increased our wages decreased . His opponent had talked about hand-loom weavers . There are very few of them now in Lancashire ; they had been supersedediby power ; and the powerlooms were now producing misery and ruin to the men who worked at them . It was said that if we had the Corn Laws repealed , we should then be enabled to compete with foreigners . Let us see , then , to what our wages must be reduced , in order to enable us to do so . Mr . Leech then proceeded to read a statement of the wages paid
in foreign countries , varying from five shillings to half-a-crown weekly ; so it would appear from that , if wo got our bread for nothing , we could not then compete with those who paid the above-mentioned rate of wages . He mentioned the names of several advocates of repeal , who had their machinery made in France , and imported it here , whilst others of them were sending warps to the continent to be woven . He denied that he wished to divide the middle and working classes . It was the former who had created the division , by their rapacity and injustice towards the working classes ; the middle class had the power , if they wished , to remove the evils that existed . As to the talk about foreign trad « The
maintained that every yard of cloth that left our shores before our own population were clothed , was a downright robbery . Spring Rice had stated , in the House of Commons , that the increase which had taken place in the exports of Ireland , proved her prosperity ; whereas , at the same time , the Irish were starving for want of what was thus exported . Why go abroad to seek a market , when thousands of people iu Ireland and Lancashire were all but naked i Why , when the warehouses were ready to fs . ll with , tho weight of cloth they contain , were our population shivering in rags ! simply , because they are robbed of the fruits of their labour . ( Loud cheers . )
Mr . Moslet repeated his former statements , and read an account of tbe wages paid from 1792 , down to the present time , and c » ntrasted it with the price of wheat in the same periods . Mr . Leech replied . At this period , on one of tbe audienoe attempting to leave the meeting , he was rudely stopped by one of the dozen policemen who were present , and ordered into his seat again . Upon this , the Chairman , Mr . Hobson , rose and indignantly objected to the interference of policemen at publio meetings . Things had come to a pretty pass if , when a public meeting was called , a dozen policemen were to dance attendance , and prevent parties leaving when they wished . He did not know by whose direction they appeared there on that occasion ; but he thought the people of Leeds were ^ fit to be trusted to meet together in public , without ' having policemen to guard them , or prevent them from departing from ihe meeting when they thought proper .
Mr . Plint stated that they were sent by Mr . Marshall to protect his property . Mr . Hobsok replied he knew not who had sent them , but this he knew , that if Mr . Marshall had given the use of his mill , he had given it , and that neiUter Mr . Marshall or his policemen bad any right to prevent parties leaving the meeting when they wnnted .
After a little further discussion , in which Mr . Mosley was completely at a loss , Mr . Leech closed it by stating that he had not heard a single argument made use of by his opponent , and was quit « sure that he had sufficiently proved that the abolition of the Cora Laws would not better the condition of the people . He exhorted them to unity and perseverance , and sat down amidst the applause of the meeting . A vote of thanks was then cheerfully given to MeesrB . Hobson and Flint , for their praiseworthy conduct , and the meeting dispersed . BOIiTON . —MoDERif Druids . —On Saturday last , the members of the M Tradesman ' s" lodge held their first anniversary at the house of host Peter Hodgson ' s , Ram ' s Head Inn , Derby-street , Bolton , when upwards of a hundred members sat down to an excellent dinner , which gave great satisfaction .
BOCHDAXaE . —The anniversary of the Widow and Orphau's Fund of the Rochdale District of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows , took place on Monday , the 11 th instant , in the Theatre , and the Assembly Room adjoining , when upwards of 500 sat down to an excellent tea . HAUFAX . —Severity of thb Weathbh . — On Thursday morning last , two boys were standing talking together near Mr . Smith's mill , at the low part of this town , when one of them laid his hand upon a stone , near where they were standing during the conversation ; aud on moving to go away , found his hand was iast to the stone , which put him in a state of alarm , and making a sudden jerk , the frost , which had caused the adhesion , took the skin off his hand .
Highway Robberies . —Oa Saturday evening last , as a poor shoemaker , was returning home from this town to Elland , he was stopped at the low part of Elland Wood by highwaymen , who took from him a quantity of meat and leather , which he had in a basket . On tho same evening , as Mr t Pilling , basket-maker , of Sowerby Bridge , was returning home on the low road , near Mr . 'fate ' s gardens , he was stopped , and robbed of £ 8 ia cash . Radical Cloggee . —A clog manufacturer , at EUand , pledges himself , if the rest of the masters in his trade , who reside in Elland , will do the same thing , ' that he will give to the amount of fifty shillings , in goods , to the poorest families in the neighbourhood , who are now suffering for the want of those articles .
Inquirers into the Destitute Condition of the PcoR .- ^ -Report states that several persons are now engaged in inquiring into the condition in which the poor are placed in this neighbourhood , with a view of having their oases made known , to obtain relief . If any person or persons engaged in this labour of love , will have the goodness to leave any well-authenticated cases , with their name and address , directed for the correspondent of the Northern Star , and
left at Mr . Stocks' porter vaults , they shall be attended to , with a view of giving publicity to them ; and any person , having of their own knowledge any taal-administration of the Poor Law Act , in which publio officers refuse to do their duty , or that the Board of Guardians give an undue protection to them , which the law will not warrant , may have an opportunity of having the case made public by applying at tho above place ; but in all cases , it will be a necessary requisite that they be able to prove what they state , if called on .
BRADFORD . —Convzct / 05 Quashed . — We are glad to announce that a conviction under the Worsted Acts ^ against Isaac Stocks , a respectable manufacturer of Horton , from which hs appealed to the Quarter Sessions , held at Wakefield , last week , was , upon application of counsel , quashed with costs . HUDDERSFIELD . —Board of Guardians . —At the meeting of the Board , on Friday week , an extra number of applicants for relief presented themselves , many of them , miserably clothed , had crawled through the snow-storm , several miles , to be buffetted , cursed , and cuffed , by the dirty understrappers of the Malthusian serewguts . Mr . Joseph Littlewood , guardian for one of the out-townships ,
had moved , according to notice , ' * That the Union be dismembered , by cutting off the Graveship of Hulme and Nether Tong , and that the centre of the New Uniou be at Holmfirth . " Mr . Brad'haw seconded the motion . Mr . Joseph Batty , after a bitterly sarcastic speech , moved the adjournment of the discussion to that day six months . Mr . Pitkethly moved , as a rider to the amendment , " That the Union be divided into thirty-four townships . " The chairman could not put Mr . P . ' a -rider , as it was contrary to law . Had he moved that the division was into thirty-four unions , instead of townships , he could have put his proposition . Mr . P . said he felt the importance of the subject so deeply .
that if it could be allowed , he would amend the wording in any way that would meet their approbation . They were obdurate , and so the motion and amendment were put , when there appeared ten for the division , and twenty-eight for discussing it that day six months , when they would bo out of office , thus burking them both , which will produce , no doubt , a salutary effect ; and if Mr . Littlewood be correct , and the Holmfirth calves stop away—if they will only take their milk at home , it will confer a great blessing on the community . When the divisional question was settled , the subject of finance was turned to . and it was found that the Union
owed the bank , for their " rag" " promises to pay , " some seventeen hundred pounds . Mr . Em-officio Brook asked why this . was ) and felt astonished to be informed the money could not be raised in the Union , to meet the establishment and other impositions . The bank presses for the money , and they cannot pay ; they threaten to stop the tap , and then the poor must starve ; bo their existence hangs upon the ipse dirit of a dandified bank clerk . He can say , "I have directions not to pay any more of your checks , " and the awful alternative is death to the poor . The schoolmaster has leng been abroad , and he has brought us to a terrific state .
MIDDI » ETON " . — Highway Robbkby . —On Saturday night , about eleven o ' clock , as one of the Alkrington colliers was proceeding towards home , which was in Little Park , with his wages , which were precious little , three men came up to him , knocked him down , and cleared his pockets of his earnings . The poor collier , it is said , went in search of police , which were nowhere to be found , in either streets or lanes , for several hours . Such is the
vigilance of tho gendarmerie . Silk Sarsnet Stealing again . On Monday night , or early on Tuesday morning , the house of James Taylor , Little Park , was entered , and eightyyards of black sarsnet were stolen , and another silk piece of work was cut across . In Middleton and its vicinity , there have been more robberies , burglaries , and other depradations , committed since the police have entered the town , than were ever known to be in the same length of time for twenty years back .
BARNSLEY . —Serious Accident and Loss of Life . —On Friday evening last , as two colliers were descending into Ardsley pit , and when near the bottom , the rope broke , and both ware precipitated to the bottom of the pit . One was taken up dead , and the other died in a short time after . Another Accident . —On Tuesday evening , a woman , in Taylor-row , went outside the door to bring iu a washing tub , which stood on the top step going into the house ; when aha thought to lift it , she found it fastened to the step by the frost . She then strove to loosen it , but her feet gave way , and she fell to the bottom , and both her arms were broken .
Friday Morning , Half-past Nine . The London Mail has not arrived . From the London Papers of Thursday we give the following scraps : — Death in St . Bartholomew ' s Hospital , from Diseask contracted in Prison . —Yesterday afternoon , an inquest was held before Mr . Payne , at St . Bartholomew ' s Hospital , on the body of Henry Roberts , aged 16 , lately a prisoner in Cold Bath Fields House of Correction . Seth Roberts , labourer , and father of deceased , said that three mouths since his son , who was a paper-stainer , and who then enjoyed very good
health , was ; taken by the police into custody , charged with having unlawful possession of some old iron , and sentenced , from Marylebone police , to two monthB' imprisonment , with hard labour , in the House of Correction , Cold Bath-fields . In about a month after his incarceration , ? witness , hearing that he was ill , went to visit him ; he found him in the prison , infirmary very ill , unable to ( speak , and incapable of recognising any one around him . His mother continued to visit him daily until the term of his confinement had expired , when , having the option of leaving him in the prison infirmary , or removing him elsewhere , the latter alternative was chosen , and he was token to that hospital .
By a Juror—Prisoners have informed me . that my son was several times punished by confinement and low diet ; once for not answering to his name when called over , and another for spitting on the floors . He was formerly a strong and robust lad ; bat when he saw him in prison he was very much emaciated , aud ha < l scarcely an ounce of flesh upon his bones . The prison doctor depesed that , in his opinion , the deceased died of paralysis of the brain , not induced by want of food . The Governs * deposed that he had been punished on the 15 th of October , for misconduct , and placed on read and water Jor three days . He had received no other punishment . A refractory prisoner receives eight ounces of bread the tint day of his punishment , twelve ounces the second , and sixteen ounces the third day . Verdiot— " Died from natural eausea . "
WAKEFIELD CORN MARKET . ( bt express . ) - Friday , January 15 . —Our navigation continnsj dosed . Dealers buy in retail , and prices may be stated nominally the same on every article of grais Leeds Corn Market , Jam . 12 . —The supplies of all kinds of grain to this day ' s market are small . The canals are closed with the severe frost , and A present has an appearance of continuing . We haw a very thin attendance of buyers , and all kinds of grain may be noted same as last market . I
THE AVERAGE PRICES FOR THE WEEK ENDING JanuaRT lSTHj 181 X . . ' . ' . Wheat . Barley . Oats . Rye . Beans . Pea Qrs . Qri . Qra . Ojcs . Qre . < Jrfc , 3183 2011 1002 0 225 0 ' £ a . d . £ s . d . £ s . d . £ s . d . £ a . d . £ s . £ 3 4 1 1 14 10 i 1 3 9 0 0 0 2 2 6 } 0 0 0 Leeds Cloth Markets . — In the Coloured and White Cloth Halls , during tho past week , the do * mand for every description of manufactured goods has been more extensive than oa any previous week for some time .
HtlDDERSFIELD CLOTH MaRKET , JAN . 12 . — Olf market to-day has been somewhat more brisk thw last week , a great deal of cloth of all description ! was sold in the Hall , but prices remain much thi same ; the business in the Warehouses is only limited , although many new orders are expected Tho Wool market remains languid , not many salef can be effected , but prices remain stationary . Bradford Markets , Thursday , January 14 v—Wool Market . —There still exists a fair demand for low combing sorts ; but the descriptions of long Wool are comparatively neglected . Prices reman
the same . Yarn Market . —The mills are generally working full time , but the apinners complain thai their vocation is not attended with profit , Wool cob ? tinuiog to command a-price which is not compatibly with the price of Yarns ; Piece Markei . ± -Vt i cannot report any decided improvement in the demand for goods . _ The merchants are acting with extreme caution in their purchases , and only good ! suited to the present season are saleable , we learn that a deal of inquiries are made far fresh goods ast substitute for merinos . Orleans are rather dull , bui prices firm . ,
Rochdale Flannel Market , Monday Jan . 11 . — Though to-day has been- what is called the " Firsl Market , " we have had but very little change iu tha demand for goods . Upon the whole , there nas been a little improvement , but no alteration in the prices . The Wool Market remains st « ady , and prices look * ing up . \ York Coun Mabkbt , Jan . 9 . —The continuation of the storm has brought a many farmers from a distance , and altogether we have a fair show of samples . Wheat and Barley , owing to our millers and maltsters being low ia stocky are in good demand at late prices . Oats of fine quality were ready Bale . Beans the turn lower .
Bedale Fortnight Fair , Jaw . 12 . —Our show at this day ' s market was large , and quality good ; buyers were in abundance , which caused a very good market . Beef , 7 s . per stone ; Mutton , 64 per pound . Malton Cattle and Pia Market , Janpart 9 . — Only a few m-culrere were shown to-day , bat theri were plenty of customers . Bacon Pies sold at ft . to 5 s . 6 d . per stone ; Pork ditto , 5 s . 9 d . to 5 s . lOd . per stone . Of store aud small Piga , the show wu great ; but the trade hardly so good as on tfca previous market .
Manchestek Corn Market , Saturday , Jan . 9 .-Diiring the week there was a fair inquiry from thd dealers and bakers for good fresh Flour for immediate delivery , and such parcels factors were enabled to obtain rather more money for . The supplies of Oatmeal into Liverpool have had the effect of overstocking that market , and a decline in prices was consequently submitted to there ; this circumstance has in some measure rather checked our previously good demand , but a steady trade with
consumers continues to take off our supplies as they arrive at late rates . There was not much passing in Wheat at our market this morning , and prices are unvaried . The limited stock of Flour likewise caused a corresponding amount of business to be transacted in that article , as last week ' s quotations . For Oatmeal we experienced an animated demand , and the sales fully supported the previous currency Oats likewise obtained late rates , and the value of au other articles was firmly supported .
LitERPooL Cobs Market , Monday , Jan . 11 . — With the exception of 7 , 500 loads of Oatmeal from Ireland , our imports for the last sayen days have been to a limited amount , a prevalence of easterly winds having prevented any material arrivals . The ' trade in Wheat has not bien very extensive , still there has been a good steady demand for consumption , and latterly fall prices have been obtained . The recent arrivals from Canada not having been
pressed upon the market , Flour has quite sustained previous rates ; best brands of United States 36 s . ; Canadian 35 s . to 3 tis . per barrel . On Tuesday last several parcels of Oats were cleared off at Id . per bushel decline . There was a fair demand also tox Oatmeal , at a reduction of 6 < L per load . There has sin « e been little or no change in the Value of either , and when any has occurred it must be reported in favirar of the seller . Barley remains as last noted Beans and Peaa have sold only ia retail at prerioof quotations .
O'CONNOR , Eaq ., o « Hammersmith , Coastf Middlesex , by JOSHUA HOBSON , at h i * Print , lag Offices , Nos . 12 and 13 , Market-rtreet , Brfci gate ; and Published bj the a » id Joshua HoBSOit , . ( for the said Fbabgds O'Connor , } at hi * Dv *>* ling-house . No , 6 , Market-street , Briggatoj as . internal Communication existing between tbe mii No . 5 , Market-street , and the said Not . IS and IS , Market-street , Briggate . thuaconsUtatin f thi whole of the said Printing and Publlihing OfiM one Premises . All Coiamunicationi muat be addressed , ( Post-paid ) . to j . Hobson , Northern Star Office , Leeda , ( Saturday , January , 1 « , 18 « : >
€$ art $ t £ tflen % me .
Second Edition. I. Afc
SECOND EDITION . i . afc
LOCAL MARKETS .
8 ¦ THE NORTHERN STAR' . ... - ¦ '•' . - ¦ ¦¦ ¦;¦ ¦ .
Leeds :—Printed For The Proprietor, Feargu8
Leeds : —Printed for the Proprietor , FEARGU 8
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 16, 1841, page 8, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct362/page/8/