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LOWELL AND ITS OPERATIVES. 333
Two Hundred Years Ago, The Fawtuckets, A...
surer at "Waltham , and was for many years treasurer and director of mills at the new place . There is no man whose beneficial
influence in establishing * salutary regulation in relation to this manufacture was exceeded by that of Mr . John A . Lowell . " In
1836 it was incorporated a city . In 1840 , within the space of eighteen years from the time the first spindle was put in operation ,
there were eleven corporations , with from two to six mills each in operation , and a population of 20 , 796 , who , for physical comfort , .
moral and intellectual character , were not surpassed by any town or city in the land .
spring The ing wonder 1 up in s which a night story in - Eastern tellers dream lands , are of more enchanted than realize palaces d
in this Western world , where manufacturing cities rise as if hy magic ; and what was a wilderness a few years since , knocks at
the door of the union for admittance as populous States , with great cities containing all the " modern improvements / ' which the
old enchanted palaces lacked . Ours is the magic combined of capital , mind and industry .
The following is from Niles Register , of July , 1824 : — _" LOWELL MANUFACTURES .
" The Merrimack Manufactory . —This is the most flourishing and promising establishment of the kind in the United States .
The exclusive object of the company is the manufacture and printing of cotton goods , or calicoes . About 500 pieces , or 2 , 500 yards ,
are turned out daily . None , however , have yet been prepared for market , the stamping factory not having been in operation . One
factory only is now in operation , in which are employed about two hundred females . Another factory , together with the printing
and dyeing works , and machine shop , will be in full operation in the course of a few months , which will require at least a thousand
hands . . The population of this village , which , previous to the establishment of this manufactory , was a mere wilderness , is now
about one thousand . The street on which the dwelling-houses are erected for those employed in the factories , is very handsomely
located _, being about half a mile in length , and fronting a canal , which conveys the water to the factories from the old Pawtucket
canal , which was originally made for the convenience of navigation around the Falls , which has been widened , and the locks undergone
a thorough repair . Another canal has been projected , on which the ground has been staked out for more factories—two , it is
understood , will be erected each successive year . The water privilege surpasses , perhaps , any in the United States , and is
estimated sufficient to employ 50 , 000 persons . Several elegant dwellinghouses have been built , and a stone church is now nearly finished .
The plan of the whole work is very judicious , and conveniently arranged ; and does honour to the projectors . —New York Patriot . _^ than hsince tho above written
• „ Less forty years ave passed was ,
Lowell And Its Operatives. 333
LOWELL AND ITS OPERATIVES . 333
English Woman’s Journal (1858-1864), July 1, 1863, page 333, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ewj/issues/ewj_01071863/page/45/