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The Coming Elections. Consequent Upon Th...
believe that I shall best promote the cause to which n political life has been devoted—that of rational and e : lightened progress . It is to progress that all our _effor will bo directed . _.- ... ' __ " I look to the extension of education , of civil and _rel gious liberty , of commercial freedom , and of political right as the true means of preserving those institutions unde which "We havo enjoyed so much happiness . "I have the honour to be , gentlemen , your gratefi and obedient servant , "J . Russell . " Chesbam-plaee , Dec . 27 , 1852 . "
TO THE ELECTORS OB TIVERTON . " Gentiemes , —Her Majesty having been graciousl pleased to signify her intention of entrusting me with th seals of the Home Department , my seat in the House c Commons has become vacant , and I bog again to presen myself as a candidate for a renewal of that confidence wit which you have so long honoured me . In the presen posture of affairs , it is manifestly desirable that an adminis tration should be formed , combining within itself as man ; elements as possible of strength , and I trust that the nev Government will answer the just expectations of the country . My political principles are so well known to you that it caniiot be necessary for me on the present occasioi to make any declaration on that subject , but such as voi have found me in the past , such also you will find me ii the future . —I have the honour to be , gentlemen , youi most obedient and devoted servant , " Palmerston . "
" to the electors of south "wilts . " Gentlemen , —Thc few weeks which have elapsed since the last general election have been marked by important political events . ' _" ' Soon after the meeting of Parliament the complete abandonment of Protection and the intention to act upon Free-trade principles wero announced by Lord Derby ' s Government , and I rejoiced at the prospect of the termination of this great controversy b y the solemn adoption of a resolution pledging the House of Commons to the maintenance of our recent legislation . "Of three different forms of resolution proposed for this object one appeared to me , though otherwise unexceptionable , to contain words unnecessary for their purpose , and which might be considered humiliating to many whose acquiescence it was most desirable to obtain , and for whose character I felt the highest respect . I , therefore , supported another resolution , which , though framed with studious moderation , contained tiie fullest assertion of principle , and wliich was ultimately accepted by her Majesty ' s Government . " ait a subsequent period the late Chancellor of the Exchequer announced the financial measures of tho Government . " By those measures it was proposed to surrender an amount of taxatiem far larger than the surplus of our revenue above expeneliture , to compensate which a sudden increase hot li of the area anel the amount of direct taxation was to be enforced , falling for the first , time , and with a double severity , upon the farmer , the traelesman , anel other persons of small means entzrwyred in inelusfriems pursuits
. " Nor were the _aelvantages to br ; gained by tho reeluctions at . all eepial to the * sacrifices which if was necessary to make ; for fhe'ir attainment . " 'fhe' _preipose-d change's were there-lore in themselves unele ' . sirnble . There ; was , more't > ve : r , grave ; lvuson lor eleiubt - ing _whe'the-r the ; _re-ve'iiue' wemlel re-cover freim these _e'hange \ s to the ; extent re _.-e-keme-el upem by the _Chance-lkir of the _Exehctpier ; and unh'ss his _caleiulutieins _we-re : _realize-d the ; ceiuntry wemlel have ; _be-en hift . without a surplus re'venue to meet , any _suelele-n unel _une-xpea-teal _e-xjienelitaire-. " Tei _ine-e'l . this elifliculty it . was preiposed to treat as incemii' lneine-y elue ; to the e'xtiucliem of ele ; bt a _proe-eu'eling which appeare'el , in t inn ; eif pence , to be ; _ineist _eibje-e-tieinable . " 'fhe ; e'xisteuiev eif an assuri'il surplus drawn freim _le-gitimate ; se'iiuve's is _lie-ver unimportant for the ; public _se-rvii-e ' , neir is this memient an _e-xe-epl iein lei that rule-. The ; maintenance ; eif a full _e-xe'lie-epie'i" , and u strict , _adhe'ivtie-c to the _prine-iples by which public _e-re-elit i . s _.. _ce-iiri-el , give' the ; beast lieipe _; eif ulfimale-ly _e-flbe-t ing _sue-h reductions of t he ; _e-apital anil _iiile-ivst of the ; _ele-bt . us wemlel greatly lighfem thei public Imrelcns .
" With _the-se ; vie ; ws I felt it . my eluty , at all huzarels , tei eippeise ; a huilgeit , important parts eif whie-h we-re ; subversive eif those ; _prjne-ipleis e _. n whie-h ail _prude-nf _finane'ieirs have ; _bithe-rfei _ne-leel , anel an _aelhe-re-ne-e- lo which I believe ; tei be _ne'ce-ssarv te > i \ iv stability eif flic Slate . " The re _; suIt . eif ( he ; _reije-etion eif fheise ; niciisure'S has _bce-n the- abaiiele ' iumenf eif ollice _; by the : Into ( _leive-rniuent . Upem tbe ; _proprie-ty eif ( he _e-ourse which they have ; set _adeiple-d I idler nei opinion , but I _prole-sf _Against I hei n ' _se-rlion that the' ( Jovernnie'iit . we-re ; _elisplae-e-el by a _e-nnihiuatiein uf _parlii'S _e'llee'led for that , purpeisi ' . " In t he ; present _e-ine-rgi-ne-y , _heiwe-vcr , it . is _ne-i-cssary that , every _e-IIbrl slieiuld be made- to _re-e-sf _.-iblish emr linancial _sysfein , _wdiie-h _e-annot lint have- _lice-ii shaken by the ; _anlieiune-e-ineml . of ( lie ; _inte-ntieiiis tif t lie lute ( ! _hance ; lleir tii' the ; _Uxe-hiapie _. _-r . Af _niie-h a moment I have ; fell . I hat . it . is neit . my eluty lo _.-. ( iiiiel aloo _* ' freim the _(^ _uce-n's _se-rvie-e , and I have- _llie-refore ; _jeiine-el ( he- _Aelminisl I at ion eif the Marl of _Abe-relecn , a iioiile'inaii whose _wiseloin anel _rce-l ilaidei I havei _leiiu-nf tei honour eluring ( lie many ye-ars I have- acleal with him , and with whom are _asseie-iutoej Home eif the most _, eminent , of living _nlalcsiiie-ii , with whom'I _e-an _e-eirelially ' co-operaiii in _furthei-iine-e ; eif fhe public geieid . "lu the ! month e . f February , I HT , 1 , _lle-r _Miije-sfy was p leased to _ree-e _. 1 _,,,, 1 _,.,,, 1 | l ( | l ( 1 | . |» „ rliiluiciit fo lake ; inlei its _eeiusielcii-iitiem the- Hud , _,, | ' || 1 ( , _) 1 UVK concerning the _re-pre ; - _Hi-nlufion eif _lliei p ( _'o > . | ,., „ , 1 ( | i | , -vi | J | _- ( he eluty e . f fhe ; preisonf ( _bive-rnnii-nl , eared , || y „ , „! _dclihcralcly lei ' _e-onside-r what , _iinpreive-me-nls it , i , " _)„ , _pucficnble ; to in ( _reielueie ; into emr _reprene-ntal _ive- nyi " , | , ( _-iii , with a vie'w tei thei increased stability e . f emr institution !! Uinl a continued
har-7 mony between them and the advancing morality and i telligenco of the people . _s " I still believe , as I always have done , that in the mail tenance of public credit , in the promotion of the _comfoi of all classes of the community , in the dissemination _e , sound education , and in the advancement of well-coi 8 idered reforms in all departments of the State , lies tt best security for the permanent conservation of our inst : I tutions . ¦ .. . "In the conviction that the new Administration wi honestly and deliberately direct its efforts in furtheranc of these great objects , I havo accepted ofiice under th Crown . " By the rule of the Constitution this acceptance vacate the seat which I had the honour , as your representative to hold in Parliament , and I offer myself again for you suffrages , trusting that by your verdict I shall be _enablee at a moment of public difficulty to render my humble bu faithful service to the Crown . "I have the honour to be , gentlemen , your obedien and faithful servant , " Sidney Herbert . " Belgrave-square , Dec . 27 . "
TO THE ELECTORS OF CARLISLE . " " Gentlemen , —At the late election , when you did mt the honour of returning me to Parliament , I stated thai the promises which were made by Lord Derby ' s Government , with respect to taxation , appeared to me illusory . 1 could not believe that any scheme on anew principle could be devised which would give relief to a particular class _, and at the same time deserve the approbation and support of the community . " An attempt has been made to fulfil these promises . The budget has been produced . Protection has been abandoned ; and the claim of land to compensation for local burdens has been repudiated ; but the repeal of half . the malt-tax in favour of land was considered a poor equivalent for a double house-tax , and for an extension of the income-tax ; and the entire scheme of new taxation has been rejected by a decisive majority of the House of Commons . " In consequence of this defeat , Lord Derby and his colleagues have resigned their offices , and the Queen has commanded Lord aVberdeen to form a new administration . " Lord Aberdeen was the trusty friend and faithful colleague of Sir Robert Peel , Whether in or out of office , he uniformly acted in strict concert with that great Minister . He stood by him in all his difficulties ; and Lord Aberdeen has constantly supported the principles of Free-trade . " If the formation of the new Administration had failed , power must have returned to the hands of Lorel Derby ; although , in a Parliament recently elected under his own influence , the House of Commons has refused its sanction to a plan of finance , which was brought forward , after much deliberation , with the whole weight and authority of the Government .
" In these circumstances , when Lord Abordeen informed me that he desired my assistance in the service of the Crown , I could not withhold an endeavour to give all the support in my _peiwor . Not only my former colleagues in Sir Robert Peel ' s last Cabinet arc associated with me , but Lord _Jeihn Russell and Lorel Palmerston are reunited in the Administration ; and I am about to act with those who repealed the Test and Corporatiem Acts , who emancipated the Catholics , who abolished slavery throughout , the British dominions , who _passeid the Reform Act , who repealeel tho Corn-laws , and whei at length have ; finally _succeedeel in establishing Free-trade as the rule of our future cennmen'ial polieay . " In a _Cahini'f , so led anel so _ceinstructeel , the past is the sure'st earnest eif the future . What , has beeui eleme ; we shall _ste-aelily maintain . What remains te _> be elone ; we ; shall _eneiVaveitir tei _ae-e-eimplish by _e-autieius but _progressive reforms , _base'el em a _eleasire ; to imjireive ; the conelitiein , to extend the eelucatiem , anil te ) enlarge the ; liberty , both civil and religious , of the _gre-at . body eif the pe'eip le ; . " feir mysi'lf , 1 have- spe _. ken toyeiu so fully iinel _' so laledy , that , yem know we'll my _vvishe-s ami opinions . 1 see nei _re-ason tei moelify eir to _e-hnnge _the'iii . The time anel the nianiie'r of carrying them inlei e'flecf must be left , tei my _eliscre'fiein , in _e-o ' _ne-e-rf with my _colleiagiieas , if I still enjeiy your _e-emliele-ne-e" . " I appeail tei yem wifhexit _apprehe-nsiein : anel I entertain the' hope' that , I shall _ree-e-ive ; the ; stamp of your approval , unel the ; _re-ne-wal eif a trust , whie-h 1 highly value . " I have ; the ; honeiur tei be ; , gentlemen , your faithful and _eiblige-d servant , " ' - R . <« - Graham . "
" TO TIIK HI , KOTO KH _I 1 K NIX . TII WA RK . " ( h-ntlciiicii , Her Majesty has he-en graciously _ple-asoil tei appoint , me to thei _eiflie-e- eif first ( , ' _eimniissioni-r eif Works nnel I ' ublie ; Buildings ; _the-ri'lbre , _acceireling lei the- laws and _e'enisf . ilul . _ieiii of emr ceiuntry , my scat in I _' _arliame-nt . has _bee-onie _; _vae-unt , anel you will have again to e-xcre-i . se ; yeiur rig id , e . f _e-hoosing a re-pre-se-nla . fi ve-. I ask you to _e-xi-re-ise ; ( hat right in my faveiur , and lei express yeiur nppreihat iein of my appointineiiil . by _re-e-le-et ing me-. " J * have ; _ae'i-ejileel _oflie-e ; with pleasure , he-cause I thinli that , lo an Knglishniun who has made ; politics the ; _e-hief study < if his life ; , it is a weirt hy anil be-e-oming _eibje-ct , of ambit ion tei eiblain , by honourable ; ine'iuis , the _peiwe-r of nerving his _seive-re-ign anel his _e-eiuntry My _obje-e-l , in faking eiflie-e ; is tei aiel in giving _prae-tieati _i-IIee-l , tei those principles e . f _peilitie-ul _se-iciie-e- whie-h I _bi-lieive tei be ; \ _vise , just , anel b . _ene-lie-e-nl _, lo whie-h I have ; _adhere-el eluring a , I _' _arlianie-nfary _riii-ci-i- e . f nearly _fwe-nly ye-ars , anel wliich have _fhrii-e _; iil' _re-aely _gaim-el for mei t he ; ( list ingiiislicel lioneitir tif beiing _emei eif fhe meinbers of the I . _oi-ough I _nie-ini I he ; _jirine'iples eif _fre-ei-lraelei , religious liberty and _e-epuilily , rational _progre'ss anil reform , and e-olemial _se-lf-geivi-rnmi'iit . " In _ai-e-i-pfing eillieai I have _be-ceime t he _ceilleagilo eif men eif _eiiilighteineiel _uiiele-rstanelingn , liberal opinions , acknowleielgeael ability , great . I _' arliainciitary _e-xpurieuie-ei , and _elistiiiguishe-d _aelmiiiisfrativei l . iileiil .. _Ilefwe'cn my colleagues and myself there e ; xibfri a geineiral agrueinont of opinion as
. to the manner in which the affairs of this country ought to be conducted in these critical times . That general agreement of opinion will , I believe , enable us to act cordially h _[ ; honest practical concert for the benefit of our country . _i "I have the honour to be , gentlemen , your obedient servant , "William Molesworth " 87 , Eaton-place , Dec . 27 . " Mr . Cardwell stands for Oxford in the room of Sir W . iPage Wood . He met the electors on Wednesday and was very well received . But as he declined to pledge himself to vote for the Ballot , a resolution was adopted to the effect that no candidate should be supr ported who would not vote for the Ballot . Nothing important has occurred at present at any other constituency _except Leeds , where Mr . Baines is again accepted as the candidate of the Liberals , and where the Tories have decided to offer him no opposition .
Our readers will have remarked the retirement of Captain Howard from the representation of Morpeth . Almost simultaneously , Sir George Grey has issued an address to the electors , so that the transfer is as obvious as that of Oxford . It is believed that Admiral Berkeley will be opposed at Gloucester , and that an attempt will be made to eject Mr . Gladstone from his seat . The former is far more probable than the latter . Some opposition is threatened in other boroughs . Mr . A . B . Cochrane has issued an address to the electors of Southampton , and Mr . Henry Edwards to the electors of Halifax . There is also some talk of bringing Mr . Trelawny out again for Brighton . A meeting of extreme Liberals was held in the City on Thursday , when it was intimated that Lord John Russell had promised " a large measure of Reform , " thorough revision of the Customs , and further , that the Government would push a resolution to admit the Jews through the House of Commons , with the concurrence of the Lords . Most of the elections will take place next week , except Southvvark , Hertford , and Scarborough , which comes off on Saturday .
[ 1 ¦ 4 The Leader. ? Saturday,
[ 1 ¦ 4 THE LEADER . ? Saturday ,
Archdeacon Denison And Mr. Gladstone. Th...
ARCHDEACON DENISON AND MR . GLADSTONE . The following letter was published in the morning journals of Wednesday : — " East Brent , Weston S . Mare , Christmas "Day , 1852 . " Mt beak Gladstone , —The day on which I make thia communication to yon adds more than I can express in words to my deep pain , and to my sense of responsibility in making it . After a week of anxious suspense , the fact of the existence of a coalition government , i . e ., of a government in which you are joined with Lord John Russell —with Lord Lansdowne in the cabinet*—may be said to be ascertained . I wish to use few words where every one I write is so bitterly distressing to me , and must , I cannot doubt , be little less so to yourself , and to many others whom I respect , and love . I have , then , to state to you , as one of your constituents , that from this time I can p lace no confidence in you as a representative of the University of Oxford , or as a public man . I have read anel re-read yeiur publisheel letter to It . Phillimore . I ain _obligcel to say that it appears to mo to be a matter of no importance at all , and _epiite besielo the _ejuestion , whetb _^ r the ; ' concert , ' or ' combination , ' or coalition was effected previous te ) , or at the time of , or subsequent to tho late division . I reserve to myself the right of _feirwarding tins letter feir publication b y Tuesday ' s post , and also any reply which yem may make to it . I will only say , by way of anticipation , that , any amount of guarantee which may have ; bce-n taken by you , in accepting ofiice in the new _geive-rnment , for non-aggression upem the church of Eng-Imiel , or for the concession eif her just claims , is , in my judgment , absolutely valueless when weighed against the fact of the coalition .
" Faithfully anel affectionately yours , " Okotmik A . . Dknibon , Archdeacon of Taunton . " Ui ht Hem . W . K . _OhidBteine , M . IV * Probably Mr . Dcnison ' s position may lie made more distiiieBt by the _following letter to the Morning Herald . — "Hm , IJneler ( he extraemlinnry circumstances in which we ; arc all _placcel by the coalition eif Peebles , Whigs , nnd Kuelie-ula - and , I _e-one-luele ' , Irish _Reinian Catholics—for the purpose eif forming a ( leive'rnmciit . of ' moelerato progress , I allow myself te > hope that you will kindly p ublish what I now write ; , with the ; _e-ne-leiseel copy eif a letter in answer ( ei the _e-eirre-spemele-nl , of the Morning Chronicle , ' 1 ) . 0 . L . " Yeiur _eibeielieuit _seirvant , " ( _JnoiinK A . Dkniwon , Archdeacon of Taunton . " Kant ( _Ire-ut , _InneiCoiitn' _-eliiy , 1 H 515 . " ' 7 ' < i tho Editor of the , Morning Chronicle .
" * fti it ,- 1 hope ; I am not one of ( heme- who are content le . _seve-r upon light grounds the public ties which _htw ° beiunel men _teigct heir in a gre-at , cause ; . „ " ' I do not , elissemf freim your _correispondent , " ll . C _. l' _- ; whe'ii he says , " < / hurchmen shoulel have ) no _polities , " _| the _sensei in whieh I suppose him to use thei words . " 'tin will neit , _elisMinf from me when I say that ( . hare- " men _slitntltl have morality . " 'Churchmen who support the " _ceialition" _O- 'V _eirnnie-nt , will be hurel put , | . o it to defend their _supp _" _'' I any re-cognised moral princip le ; . " * Hir William JVloleisworth _' s ace ; _e'i ) tiuice' <) f _<>^ c « wi , h * seat in tho _eubinet preiaentfl tho ' oottutio « ' under ono w <« aspect . "
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 1, 1853, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/cld_01011853/page/4/