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9n THE LEABEK. [No. 354, Saturday ,
AMERICAN ADVENTURES. Adventures in the W...
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Campbell's Lives Of The Chancellors. Liv...
gave up the dignity of octavo volumes ; but Mr . Hallam had done this , and why not Lord ° Campbell ? He wilL not regret the change when 3 ie _ finds every reader in the three kingdoms and the colonies anxious to obtain the work ,-which is certainly interesting in a rare degree . In a note appended to the fourth edition , Lori Campbell complains that , since 1845 , the splendour of the Lord Chancellor ' s office has sadly waned : —• If the same coarse of proceedings to degrade the office should be much longer continued , instead of the Chancellor answering the description of Join of Salisbury in the reign of Henry II . — Hie est qui leges regni cancellct imqusta , Et mandata pii Principis cequa facithe may return to what Gibbon declares io have been his original functions as doorkeeper or usher of the court , who , by his canceUce or little bars , kejpt off the multitude from intruding into the recess or chancel in which he sat . " r Jhe importance of the Chancellor arose : —
1 . From his l ) eing a leading member of the cabinet , originating and controlling all the measures of the government connected with the administration of justice ; 2 . From his presiding in the Court of Chancery and laying down doctrine to govern that all-ahsorbing department of our jurisprudence called Equity ; and , 3 . From his practically constituting in his own person the ultimate Court of Appeal for the United Kingdom , by giving judgment in the name of the House of Lords , according to his own notion of what was right . But he is now in danger of being banished from his own court by the Lords Justices . Recent discussions in the House of Peers , moreover , have weakened his authority . " Single-seated justice" will no longer be endured ; nor even the divisum i ' mperium of the Lord Chancellor and a retired Common Law-judge , however distinguished : —
The probable experiment will now be a Judicial Committee , consisting of peers and of judges and privy councillors summoned to advise the House . There the Chancellor will have no official ascendancy , and a Vice-Chancellor or a Puisne Judge may be selected to declare the judgment of this tribunal according to the applauded practice ia the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council . Xiord Campbell retires to the consolations of philosophy : — I care little about the reduced salary of the Lord Chancellor , although it is not now sufficient to enable him to keep a carriage , and to exercise beco-ming hospitality , much less to make any provision for his family . Against poverty a aoble struggle may be mad «; but there seem to be causes in operation which , in spite of the most eminent learning and ability , must speedily reduce the office to insignificance and contempt . This is a sad prospect for the Biographer of the Chancellors .
May I lie cold before that dreadful day , Pressed with a load of monumental clay ! " And yet" ( in the beautiful language of my predecessor , Lord Chief Justice Crewe ) 'Time hath its revolutions ; there must be a period and an end to all temporal things -r-Jtnis rerum—aa end of names and dignities , and whatever Is terrene—for , where ia Bohun ? ¦ Where is Mowbray ? Where is Mortimer ? Nay , which is more and most of all , Where is PLANTAGENET ? They are entombed in the urns and sepulchres of mortality" !!!—And why not the MARBLE CHAIR ? Perhaps , then , his own admirable book may outlive the Chancellor ' s offi . ee !
9n The Leabek. [No. 354, Saturday ,
9 n THE LEABEK . [ No . 354 , Saturday ,
American Adventures. Adventures In The W...
AMERICAN ADVENTURES . Adventures in the Wilds of the United State * and ^ British Aitwrican Provinces . By Charles Lanman . 2 vols . Sampson Low and Co . Ws have accomplished a feat which few will be disposed to attempt : we have glanced over every one of the 914 pages that illustrate Mr . Lanman ' s egotism . Tiat gentleman has been unjust to himself . He acknowledges that the earlier papers were written several years ago in the ley-day of youth , and intercedes with the matured reader' for a lenient judgment : adding , however , that he " would rather be wrong with the warm-hearted lover of nature than be right with , the cold-blooded critic . " This being the case , it would be mere waste of time to point out to him the many sins against good feeling and taste of which he is guilty throughout the first volume . His style so far is ambitious and inflated ; he is perpetually working himself up into a state of ecstasy , which usually terminates in a syncope
ot bathos ; and the most trivial adventures occupy more space on his tapestry than the Norman Conquest on that of Bayeux . Mr . Lanman himself appears to have entertained some misgivings as to the propriety of reprinting the whole of his scattered contributions to various journals , and to have first sought the advice of Washington Irving and the Hon . Edward Everett . His counsellors proved injudicious , for they encouraged him to reproduce his " narrative and descriptive writings in a collected form . " The consequence is a voluminous work singularly unequal to itself . Of the first volume we can scarcely bear to think with patience , while the second may be perused with amusement and interest . The Indian legends , indeed , are somewhat tame and tedious , but that is the fault of their inherent puerility . But the notes on angling are really valuable , and ave worthy of being consulted by every lover of the * gentle craft . ' Not even Norway can be compared for an instant with the United States with regard to it » piscatorial . m » * & iuBurvmuicb
— _„ . v ., ~ vx . j * nw u . a u < j u it us wiiu nouie lisa , ot every variety , while the excitement of the sport is enhanced by the personal risks and hardships to be endured , and by the many strange characters , or caricatures , constantly encountered . Mr . Larnnan is no abolitionist . He describes the negro as being usuallv far better provided for than the free labourer in Europe , or in the northern states . Ill-treatment is the rare exception . In moat instances they rather resemble spoiled children than servants . As a rule , tliey are " the happiest and most independent portion of the population . " ^ v jS- « COm ?^ lQ h ° U ^ a ^ nO debt 8 t 0 pay * ' cvcry thing they need in the way of clothing and wliolesomo food is ever at their command , and they have free access to the churches and the Sunday schools of the land . What more do the poor of any country possess that can add to their temporal happiness ?
It seldom happens that families are sold in separate lots , and very often tlieir former owner refuses to transfer them unless to a humane and conaiderate master . The effect of slavery upon the slaveholders themselves 1 however , extremely lamentable from the helpless indolence it engenders . An SSS & inJU ° » g ? ntleman ' ?> havi "S ^« d * new book , threw himself mto an easy-chair to peruse it at Jiis leisure , while his wife went
out to make some calls . On her return she found him in bed , and anxiously inquiring after his health , was answered : " The fire went out , so I got into bed to keep me warm . " There was a pile of wood in the adjoining room and a dozen servants within sound of the bell—but then the trouble of rinir ! ing that bell ! o " Here is a good example of a matter-of-fact answer to a simple question : When Wm . H . Crawford "was Secretary of the Treasury he wrote to the Collector at Hobile , Silas Diosmore , to ascertain the length of the river Tombigbee , which request h . 8 worded to this effect , " How far does tlie Tombigbee run up ? " To which the laconic collector replied , " The Tomt > igbee does not run up at all , it runs down ; " and was by the return mail dismissed from office .
These volumes are written in that Anglo-Saxon dialect which , accordiu » to British prophecy , is hereafter to be the universal language of the earth ' s inhabitants . Mr . Macaulay ' s famous New Zealander will be somewhat puzzled , we suspect , to trace its affinity to what is now termed classical English—he will probabl y extricate himself from the difficulty by deducing it from the ancient Phoenician .
American Adventures. Adventures In The W...
THE PANTOMIMES AND BURLESQUES . Dkuhy Lane has furnished us this year with a gorgeous pantomimic phantasy in See Saw ,, Mwrgery Daw . Mr . Bevbrley is always at home in fairy land ; and he has availed himself of the large stage of Mr . E . T . Smith ' s theatre to expand his conceptions of Elysium into brilliant vastness . Fairies in silver tissue , grouped or floating in the air , add to the splendours of the scenery ; and the juvenile world bestows its distinguished approbation . The child ' s story of the Babes in the Wood furnishes the subject for the opening scenes of the Pantomime at the Hatmarket . In the course of the history we are Introduced to the cruel uncle , to the good and bad ruffians who quarrel about the murder of the "babes , " and fight to a merry tune ; to wild woodmen enamoured of beautiful and coy nynaphs , and to a young wood-cutter , in love with LvciSel , the sweetest of the dryads . Whilst regaling themselves in the deep recesses of a moonlit forest , these fair forms are pursued by the woodmen , and L-ucibel , being
captured by Honeyleaf , tlieir chief , and refusing to accept his love , is shut up in the heart of an oak . From this imprisonment ehe is delivered by the chief of the nymphs ; after which taies place the apotheosis of the leaf-covered " babes" up into the Tranquil Lake o > f the Empyrean Eields of Light . Then commences the harlequinade , in which Miss Faxny Wright , the Lucibel of the opening story , becomes Columbine ; M . Milano , Harlequin ; Mr . Mack ay , Pantaloon ; and Mr . Driver , Clown . The graceless and confused manner in which the " Ballet of the Blackberry Brake" was performed , destroyed what might otherwise have made a very effective scene . This , however , was in some measure redeemed by the droll dance of the " Double Faces , " in which the sudden change of visages from young to old was very striking . The Pantomime concluded with a graceful allusion to the recent present of the American Government to the Queen and the nation . The references to passing events were poor ; and , notwithstanding the aid of Pantaloon and Ckwn , and a choice selection of familiar airs , the spectators could not be roused into anything approaching enthusiasm .
At the Pbincess ' s we have the ever-delightful story of the Wonderful Lamp , with much Oriental samptuousness ; and in the harlequinade an unwonted feature is introduced in the form of 8 ome skating on the stage . For those who like such performances , also , there are some feats by wonderful dogs ; our own tastes do not lie that wa , y . At the Olympic , we are introduced to the old story of love and jealousy , which shows that now as ever the course of true love never will run smooth . Amid the " Ruins of the Castle of Romance , " Mordicanta , an old witch ( Mrs . Melport ) , is discovered with her familiar , Grim MaUdn ( Mr . Pranks ) , making night hideous with her evil plots , and discordant passion for the youth Alidor ( Miss Thiruwall ) , a shepherd descended from the shepherd kings of Fairy Land . Cupid ( Miss Cxaba St . Classe , a debutante of some promise ) , ever mischievous
, thwarts her passion , and causes the youth to fall in love with the Princess Yonng and Handsome ( Miss Sw ^ nboroogh ) , the daughter of the fairy Pastora . Mordicanta , fired with revenge , calls to her aid the green and yellow monster Jealousy ( Mr . Rogers ) , and determines to embitter the loves of the shepherd and the princess . The latter , passionately fond of her inamorato , changes his simple dress into a splendid suit of silk , and converts his hut on the hill-side of the Valley of Violets into a charming : cottage , overhung with flowers . A . village festival is the occasion of a lovers' quarrel . Zephyr ( Mr . Robson ) , who has been fluttering idly about , assumes , at the instigation of Jealousy , a visible form , and by a ' pas de fascination , ' contrives to centre the young nymph s admiration upon himself . This , however , proves but a temporary flirtation , and the quarrel being made up , the marriage of Alidor with the Princess \ qung and Handsome is appointed to take place at the Castle of Flowers , situated on an island in the midst of a beautiful lake . Mordicanta , defeated in her object , has yet power to stir up the waters of the lake ; and as the young shepherd is the
approaching castle , she contrives to have him submerged and brought to the Enchanted Cavern below the lake . Here Mordicanta visits him and declares again her love . But Alidor rejects her proposal , and is , by way of punishment , thrust stiLl deeper down into an abyss or den , the abode of a dragon . Cupid then descends and shuts the dragon ' s mouth ; whilst Zephyr , tortured by the new sensations which he has felt in his material form , determines to resume his original ess-ence . He takes pity upon the two lovers , and rescues Altdor , by the aid of his stronger comrades , Boreas , Aquilo , Eurus , and w , f r * ? T tll 0 . Place of his confinement . Thus all ends happily , and the shepherd and the princess are umted in the Illuminated Porcelain Pavilion , where they and the audienoe witness the inauguration of the statue of Zc h S r .-nAT '« 2 aI'lf T' / t 8 hould be observea \ is founded on the Countess of Mun , Ytw 7 i 1 ? J ^ - et BeUc ' ' but the ^ mour of the dialogue belongs to the votirnn i » ° - 8 pmt mV whicU lt is written Pr ° ves that the powers of the SX m " are still young . The scenery , especially the Valley of Violets , the Castle of * lowers , and the Enchanted OaverA below the Lake , introduces Hi « r ^ J " fV r enCmintnient - Jt is "" necessary to ' add that Robson , in the cnaractei of Zephyr , kept the house in a state of mirth and good humour
. fi ,, l 2 i , T ?» fiCeno in tlie J *™ vu pantomime-burlesque ia unusually Kn Li , A" <; i Mr- WiM-iAM JBnouoir , the writer of the opening , has plenty of sharp hits at the passing features of the time . —The other burlesque-pantomime nT « h « ftSn th 0 -ADKLrai—brings forth the strength of the company , and fur-CfmZ ™ , lt ma l ttcr / or fGst » l Playgoers . With such a Harlequin as Madame hP «^ a ; . such a Columbine us Miss Wvxmixn , success would be certain ; cbantin ' *** l ) rCB < icn china shepherdess costumes—and they arc on-
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€ \) t & rta — —
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 3, 1857, page 20, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/cld_03011857/page/20/