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in England withm the last year . England had recovered from its shock and surprise , and was thinking accurately , at last ; and he rested his hopes of what was to be done upon the influences now arising and -tending to bring England and the United States together m an assault upon Europe and despotism . " ( Cheers . ) 1 Mr . Stansfield made a point at the close of an eloquent speech , in reference to the new Ministry . He
suggested , as a reason for the extraordinary " combination" of the new Ministry , that our prominent public men were aware of the approach of events which would need the cessation of party warfar e and the union of all sides to save the nation ; and if that were so , he thought they ought to anticipate the danger , and commence by a bold foreign policy , which should be consistent with the principle on which the Government -was based , and which would gather to our aid the struggling nationalities of the Continent . ( Cheers . ) Resolutions
were agreed to , declaring that the Italians deserved the sympathy of free nations , and thanking Mr . Thomas Duncombe for the notice he had placed on the paper ofthe House of Commons of his intention to ask the House to address her Majesty , praying her Majesty ' s good offices in putting an end to the occupation of the Roman States by the troops of France and Austria . Mr . Mazzini , contrary to expectation , did not address the meeting , Jiaving , in fact , expressed an indisposition to speak in public at this period , when deeds were being done in Italy which were breaking his heart . The following letter to Mr . Taylor from M . Mazzini may explain Ms sentiments : — " Wednesday Evening .
"Dea . e , Friend , —I come on duty ; not a single meeting of your society must take place without my signifying by my presence how grateful we Italians are to you all for your noble efforts . But I know that I shall not be able to speak a single word ; I feel unwell , —absolutely unequal to the task , and most likely doomed to leave before the meeting is over . Our friends will speak for me better than I could do . They will , I trust , remind the meeting that the last time I stood on your platform , I had to speak of the men who had been shot by dozens a short time before in Sinigaglia and Ancona . One month has elapsed ; and five noble heads have fallen on an Austrian scaffold at Mantua ; five of our best men , after having endured for
months and months indescribable moral and physical torture , have been dragged , pale , emaciated , yet bold and defying , to the place of execution , and killed . They were from Mantua and Venice ; a jurist , an artist , a civil officer , a landed proprietor , and a working man ; all shades of the Italian Society represented in the awful scene ; a solemn symbol of the compact of struggle and martyrdom binding ia a single thought all the Italian party . And two hundred of their companions are in the prisons of Mantua threatened by a similar fate . A rumour is current that twelve are already condemned . Fifteen patriots have
been sentenced to death by the military committees ofthe Hornan States ; and in Tuscan }' , ( J uarducci and others have been imprisoned on account , of an Italian Bible found in their houses . Such a state of things cannot last—must not last . Let those who believe in the justice of our cause bo more active than over ; urge upon them the necessity of carrying out in an energetic way England ' s peaceful agitation for Italian freedom . You " will succeed if you persist . I trust for this to the undeniable justice' of the cause !—to that practical logical sense of your countrymen , and to the noblo . instincts , unchecked by pence crotchets or others , of your working classes . —Ever yours faithfully , "JoSKIMI M . AZXINl . " This closed the- proceedings .
DEATH OF KOSSI / TIFS MOTHER ,. MADAMK Kossutii died on Tuesday at her temporary residence at Brussels . She- had been . seriousl y ill for Koine weeks , but on Monday strong * hopes of her recovery we're cn (; cr ( , aiucd by her medical attendants , one of whom was Dr . lVrkins , a long-established English resident , and who is distinguished by his kind attentions to the . various political exiles in ( hat . eif , y . Some , unpleasant rumours : iro iiilont respecting the
refusal of the Helginn ( Jovcrninent to allow of her son ' s coming over to that , country , unless he consented to be constantly accompanied during his stay in ISclgiuni by u police , officer . It is understood that , the venerable lady herself urged her illustrious son not to . submit to so degrading a condition . It in hoped , for t , h (! nuke < , f the ISelgian ( . ovcrnnienr , and for f , lie honour of Belgium itself , thai , ( hose rumours met exaggerated ; lint , it is feared they are only too true .
I 0 XTKACT FROM A IMMVATM U'NTKR VMM TJIK WIOST ( 'OAST OK MKXICO . Wn were lucky in em-aping , on our way from ( Juayrnas to llcrinorillo , the casualties which occur not , iuifrc ' <| iicnMy to travellers from the attacks of a tribe ) of Indians nilloil ScreH , who concoct , a most , deadly poison from rattlesnakes , Hrorpions , and sundry other lovel y animals of t . hul , class , into which they dip l . ho points of their arrows , and l . lien " wm bo to those at whom they let , ( l y : " (] , wound they in Hid is filial , for the poison spreads rapidly through the frame , and no remedy ban ever been discovered to coiintoraet , il , n oiled ,. 11 , appears ( heir nolo object in to kill , and xiot plunder , aa thorn havo been occurrences whero they
have attacked " arrieros" ( muleteers ) conveying gold and silver bars down to Guaymas , shot as many as they could of poor muleteers , eaten their mules , and left the treasure behind for the owners to come and redeem . They played off this prank upon some servants of Mr . , a few years ago : two of them died in consequence of the wounds received , but the silver was recovered after a few months , having been found within a short distance from the spot where the robbery was committed . Such is the state of affairs in this republic , that in this frontier part of it , the inhabitants are kept in continual excitement by this tribe on one side , not numbering more than a hundred , and the "Apaches" from another quarter , committing their depredations upon the unfortunate " raneheros , " carrying otF their horses , mules , &c ., whilst no efficient force is ' sent for their protection .
Some few months back , a General Blanco arrived in this state with a troop of some three hundred men , extracted from the gaols of Mexico , for the purpose of exterminating the Indians , and protecting the people in the mining districts ; but it appears from report , that he values his own interest more highly than that of his country , and is going to employ his troop of raggamuffins in exploring for
treasure . All those holding any post under the Government of this country take care to help themselves as largely as possible during their stay in office , and are not very scrupulous about the means to which , they resort for effecting their object , and that is to get hold of the " pesos" ( dollars ) . The governor of the adjoining state , in which Mazatlan is situated , attempted a short time ago to levy a contribution upon the merchants of that town for his own private purposes ; and finding they would not submit to such an exaction , took several of them prisoners , entered their warehouses , and carried away goods to the amount of some 25 , 000 dollars ; but I believe that this atrocious affair has been properly represented to the Government by parties of influence in Mexico , and master governor has had to restore the property and liberate his prisoners , among whom was the Spanish consul of that port .
There is very little enjoyment here , even for people of ample fortunes ; the climate , in the first place , being a great drawback upon one ' s comforts ; it is so infernally hot during the half of the year ( thermometer often at 120 to 130 in the sun ) , that one is undergoing a continual distillation , pouring water down one ' s throat by gallons per diem No fertility of any extent to gladden the eye , nor " bastimento" to make merry the heart of man , like what other countries afford ; communication with the rest of the world very tedious and difficult , and all things at a stand-still , for they never think of introducing any improvements . . . . . They are tolerably liberal in this part of the republic as regards religious matters , offering no persecution to those of other views on such subjects ; but many of their ceremonies are truly ludicrous on the
different saint ' s-days , of which they have no small number . A * few weeks ago , the devout of this town were doomed to a great disappointment . I think Mi-. may have had some hand in the matter by altering the number of a certain case in one of the invoices . It appears that this certain case was supposed to contain a marble representation of one of their saints , and was accordingly sent from Guaymas to be introduced to his devoted worshippers here ; but on arrival , when they wished to liberate him from his confinement , behold , the said case was found filled witl old gauze dresses , or similar trash , and the multitude who had assembled to prostrate themselves before him on the occasion , had to depart in sorrow , and full of indignation against those * vho had been so careless in labelling his saintship incorrectly .
TI 1 K Kill WAN CASK . A oojimttthe has been appointed in Dublin to organize the efforts now being made to obtain justice for Mr . Kirwan , and procure as soon as possible his absolutes pardon , at the same time that they expose and refule the imputations under which lie at present lies . From the documents which they havo collected we quote the following extracts : — "Maria Crowe , relirl ; of Lieutenant . Tames Crowe , ( ho mother of Sarah Maria Kirwan , lide the wife of William B . Kirwan , Ksq ., says that she ' had constant , and mo . t affectionate intercourse witli her said daughter , with the full knowledge , approbation , and consent , of her said
daughters said husband , the said William Burke Kirwan . And deponent siiith , that during such intercourse ! and conversation , the circumstances , and health , nnd treatment , ol her . said daughter and of her said husband towards her , occasionally formed the subject , of their discourse ; and deponent positively saith , that on all occasions save one , naid deponent ' s said daughter invariably stated to deponent , and which . she , deponent , believed and still believes to be true , that there could not , be a more industrious , Hoher , or quiet , husband than said William B . Kirwan was towards her Haid daughter . And this t
deponen , saif . h , that , having ample opportunities ol judging from this deponent ' s usual habit , of visiting and being visited by her , deponent ' s said daughter at least once in each week , and frequently oftener ; that , . she , deponent ' s said ( laughter , had l . he full , comfortables and respectable supply of her every want and desire , nnd \ vi » never without , money in | ,,, pur . se , supplied to her by said husband for the purchase of dress , nnd of (( very article of comfort and respectabilit y united to her rank and station in society . This deponent further nail . li , that , her Haid daughter had from her childhood boon used to sea-bathing , which she was fond of , and which she whm •• ,. <¦<>> . > mi-iuieil to
take as necessary for the preservation of her good health . This deponent , further saith , t . lmt , from her said daughter ' s habit of bathing Nho became , very venturesome in the water , going into the deep parts of ' I ho son , and sometimes continuing therein for a much longer pm-iod than other ladies ihero bathing ; and de > pe ) nonl , often reproved heir said daughter for such habits , and frequently expressed to her
said daughter her fears lest her continuing to observe such practice might prove injurious to her health or other bad results ; but which advice her said daughter heedlessly attended to . This deponent saith , that she knows that her said daughter continued up to the time of her melancholy decease by accidental drowning to bathe in the sea at or near to Howth , where she unfortunately met her death . " Mr . Robert Jackson says " he was present at the inquest ( near its termination ) at the time when Mr . Brew was examined ; perfectly recollects the Coroner having asked all present if they were satisfied as to the verdict , which was unanimous , and can recollect 'both the Nangles giving their marked assent , ' also that several questions were asked by the foreman and jurors prior to that verdict . I
proposed that he should remove Mrs . Kirwan at once to his house in Dublin , and that I would write to town , and order the undertaker to have all in readiness when he would call that night . After some hesitation he assented . I likewise proposed , in order to alleviate his difficulty and suffering , that he should leave the house , and accompany me to a friend ' s until he left for town . I then left him , say at 6 p . m ., and returned at 8 , when he accompanied me , and took a cup of tea . I parted with him at the train , 10 p . m . ; lie returned with the hearse , but I did not see him or it , but was shocked to hear that the Nanglesoffered obstruction , and demanded payment before the corpse would be permitted to pass . This ended my personal interviews with Mr . Kirwan . When Mr . Kirwan had left Howth for Dublin , I returned
to the house in company with , a friend , for the purpose of having the deceased lady paid proper attention . I again took particular notice of her , and am ready to depose on oath that there was no external mark of violence , save a slight scratch under the eye ( or something resembling a pinch ) , which I was told was caused by ' crabs . ' The wound on the breast -was the mere bursting of the skin , which happening on the fleshy and most tender part , ¦ wou ld be easily caused : further , the body ( back and loins ) was shown me by a woman who was present , and although , tinged with discoloration , was evidently produced by lying on the rock and in water ; the mouth presented the appearance of a person having had a ' fit , ' being frothy and having the teeth clenched ; I particularly noticed the feet
and hands , which were without the slightest injury . I submit here , that at this time I had a more favourable opportunity for observation and examination than any previous ( non-medical ) party , the excitement having subsided , and only three persons , including myself , being present . Now for a material fact ; Mrs . Campbell , the owner of the cottage where the Kirwans lodged , being present same evening , I entered into an earnest conversation with her as to the past mode of their social habits . She stated , without hesitation , that they lived happily , with one exception , when she heard noise as if from , chairs being disturbed , but could not say more than infer that there was a quarrel . Most certainly the words stated by Mrs . Campbell on the trial , ' I'll end
you , were never mentioned by her to me , and the tenor of her conversation was natural and satisfied me . On the other hand , another woman , who was present complained bitterly of Mr . Kirwan having acted so shabbily as locking bis boxes , and leaving no money for refreshments . Indeed , I may safely say that this party exhibited strong prejudice , which 1 am sure a little golden ointment would Jiave easily cured . Was on the island called Ireland ' s Fyo with the Nnngles some short time after the occurrence , and previous to the Crown prosecution ; the spot where ; the body was found was most minutely pointed out , but not a word of the ' sheet' or any other imputation . On the contrary , they stated that Mr . Kirwan threw
himself on the ; boely , when found , in ' great distress . ' I was summoned as a witness by the Crown , and waiteel upon by the policeman , Sherwood , stationed at Howth , to request that 1 would call on the Crown Solicitor . The hitter I declined . Sherwood miiel I could be fine > el fa lie' ] for not doing so . 1 could not help being struck with the resolution in this man ' s mind . Having had several previous conversations with him at IIovvMt , he always spoke , in favour of the accused , and said that nothing was bad enough for the JfowMi people , < te . &c . My al ( eiulnnce as a witness for the Crown being dispensed with , after I stated t . ho nature ) of my evidence , and expressed a wish to ( hat . effect . I \ l y prcviems views as < e > l . he trial were now fully confirmed
- —namely , that it was an indispensable act as regards publie- duty ; but that after the prisoner had genie through the ordeal , 'however painful , ' he ; would be fully exonerated . I was truly shocked at the . unlooked-for result ,, and at one-e ) resolveel on making ( Ins statement , ( which nothing but the ) most , solemn conviction that it was due to myself and the unfortunate object of it , would induce me to do ; especially as I had not , a . ppcarcel e > n the trial , where I ! ee > l my evielence must have ) been favourable to ( he accused ) , at the reejuest , of his friends , who are about , to memorial the ) Government in ( lie ca . se . . "
Marianne Tale ) , says , " I hael several conversations with I ' al . rick Nangle relative ) fe > the finding of Mrs . Kirwan ' fl body and clothes . My first , couvorsal . iem with him took place ) on l . he morning of the 7 th September , about , ( en o'clock . lie did not enter into any particulars respecting ( lie boat or hour , but , merely stated , em arriving at , the inland Mr . Kirwan called him ( Patrick Nangle ) , and gave him a bag and basket , with which hei was returning te > I ho boat , when he ) heard Mirk Nangle ask where ) the ) iriistret-s wan . Mr- Kirwan replied , ' She left mi- after tlio nlmwer te > ge ) bathe-, and I have ) mil see-n her since-, bill . ' I . have * |> c . cn
looking for her for some' time . Mick Nangle and Mr . Kirwan them went , in search of Mrs . Kirwan , calling her loudly by name' as Ihe-y proceeded ! ; afl . e'r some ) t . inw they were joined by I ' a ( , Nangle . The three . Mien continued the . search , and e > n arriving at the Long Hole , I ' a I . Nang le ) slated he utood iijioii a rock or bank and ' looked down ; on doing so , he Haul be ) perceived sennelbing white ); hei Mien called lo his companions ' Hero sho is . ' On putting elown his l . anel to feel the supposed white ) obje-erl , he stated he ) placed his hand on Mrs Kirwan's person , her bathing , insHH j ) oin r () un ( l hw ahoiildem . Jle thon Btatod , Mr . Kirwan throw himself on
January 1 , 1853 . ] THE LEADER . 7
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 1, 1853, page 7, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1967/page/7/