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the body , exclaiming , ' Oh , Maria , Maria . ' Saifch , I then remarked « But , Paddy , what about the sheet ? people say it was under her . ' ' God bless you , No , ma ' am fl think it best to give his own words ] it was the poor gentleman got the sheet to cover his poor wife , and no wonder , as she was quite stripped . ' Saith , Mr . Kirwan then told them to look t or her clothes , not being able to find them ; Saith Mr . Kirwan assisted them ; after looking for some time , returned with something white in his hand , and , pointing to a rock , said ' There they are . ' Pat Nangle then stated he went up and brought down the clothes ; he described the rock as being about six feet above high water , and also tho natural position of the clothes , her dress and netticoats iust
as she had stepped out of them , her boots as she had taken them off , one . partly under her clothes , the other at a little distance . He then stated he returned for the boat , leaving Mr . Kirwan with the body ; on their return with tho boat , Mr . Kirwan was still stretched on the body . Pat Nangle then tied the sheet across the chest and knees . There was a shawl upon the head , which he said he supposed her poor husband had put on ; they then placed the body in a sail , previous to conveying it to Howth in the boat . Saith on several occasions he repeated the same fact , though his feelings towards Mr . Kirwan seemed considerably changed , but saith I attributed this to his not having received what he considered a liberal remuneration for his trouble . Saith I only spoke to him once after his examination at the
Crown Office , when his whole manner wa 8 changed ; appeared most vindictive in his feelings towards Mr . ivirwan . Saith I then particularly remarked his saying Mrs . Kirwan was so near the sheet , that he was able to draw it under her , also then stated that at the inquest he was not allowed to give his evidence , but was put back ; that he had not to'd this at the Crown Office , but would do so the next time he went there . Saith , I never spoke to Nangle after . " Doctor Taylor , the highest authority in England on all questions relating to legal medicine , who is invariably referred to and employed by the Crown on such ; for example , in the celebrated case of Tawell , and in the more recent one of Jael Denny ; says , " Mr . Rodwell , the barrister , considers there was not sufficient
evidence to convict . On Saturday , my friend B . Cooper , the surgeon of Guy ' s , came to me and most strongly stated bis opinion from the medical evidence , that tbe prisoner has been wrongly convicted . My present conviction is , that all the medical circumstances are explicable without reference to any act of violence on the part of the prisoner , and that therefore to execute him for the alleged offence would be a most dangerous proceeding on the part of our law authorities . " John Leeson , Architect , of Dublin , says that , " William Burke Kirwan , applied to me the evening previous to Mrs . Kirwan ' s interment , in the month of September last ,
to go to the burying-ground or cemetery at Glasnevin , and choose for him a burying-place for Mrs . Kirwan his wife , who had been drowned at Ireland's Eye . I declare that I accordingly immediately thereafter went to Glasnevin Cemetery , and without tho said William Burke Kirwan ' s knowledge , or without any preconcert with the said William Burke Kirwan , chose and selected the burying-place where the said Mrs . Kirwan is now interred ; and I declare that the said William Burke Kirwan had no knowledge of the burying-place so chosen by me , as I believe and am persuaded , until the day of the funeral and interment of Mrs . Kirwan , when he , Mr . Kirwan , was present and saw the place . "
It is now known that Mr . Kirwan took no " swordcane" with him to Ireland ' s Eye ; that Mrs . Kirwan could not swim ; and that Mrs . Crowo ( the deceased ' s mother ) derives her ]> ension at tho present moment on tbe medical certificate that her husband , the lato Lieut . Crowe ( Mrs . Kirwan ' H father ) , died of a fit eight years ago !
FIRES IN CALIFORNIA . ErEttYTTirNO in America is on a gigantic scale—lakes , mountains , rivers , trade , cnterpri . se , and growth : oven in fires they surpass all European nations—the Turks , possibly , not exempted , who regularly burn down blocks of Constantinople every season . The mails of tho Murtrpa , which arrived on Monday , bring nows of three great conflagrations in California—oiks in Sacramento , a second at Muryville , and a third at San Francisco . Sacramento has been totally destroyed . Tho fire broke out on the 2 nd of November , in tho heart of on , 00 () dollars . Hut in forty-eight hours after tho occurrence , building wan going on with great rayridity ; mul \ nolnvbly by thin time Sacramento in again rebuilt .
T 11 K URKAT ( JALH . AMONG the phenomena <> C this first half of the winter , arc stornm of thunder ; , nd lightning , accompanied by tho most torritic gulen . Not , only London , Inib tho whole of tho island nonth of the H umber , was visited
by such a storm on Saturday and Sunday . The wind roared like artillery , and was very destructive . Chimneys were hurled down , in one case killing a woman , in Bishopsgate and Aldgate . A house fell in Long-lane , another at Kennington-common . Trees were torn up : one before Gwydir House , carrying with it some iron railing ; others in front of Bethlehem Hospital , at Dulwich , and Forest-hill , and a large elm in the garden of Lady Pirie , at Denmark-hill , falling across the road , caused great obstruction . It is remarked that eight of the old lamps on Westminster-bridge were destroyed . Great damage has been done to the shipping in the docks .
In the provinces , property has been much injured . At Windsor , trees were torn up in the Long-walk , and other places . A large gasometer , at the Great Western Railway Station was blown out of the tank . At Oxford , an old woman was killed in the workhouse , by the falling of chimneys . The drawing-room of Dr . Routh , President of Magdalen College , was beaten in , also , by chimneys , and destroyed . A large elm , close to the gate of the college * was thrown down , fortunately missing the new gate . The noble old
Broadwalk , in Christ Church-meadow , has lost five of its beautiful elms ; two have also been torn up in Magdalen Grove , and two in the walk called the Parks . A tall chimney was thrown down at Nottingham , crashing into the factory , and destroying machinery . The Arboretum was also injured . Damage of various kinds was done at Manchester and its neighbourhood : tall chimneys were dashed down ; also two pinnacles of a new church , at Kersall Moor ; and lead-roofing was thrown about .
At Preston , Liverpool , Carlisle , Nottingham , Reading , Bristol , and other places , similar disasters have happened . At Preston , a mill was blown down , early on Saturday morning ; and a shed at the Lancashire Railway-station much injured . At Bristol , trees have been torn up , chimneys blown down , the windows of Clifton Church dashed in , and a part of the roof of the Roman-catholic Chapel torn off . These are only a few specimens of like calamities . From the seaports , we have stories of wrecks in considerable numbers , accompanied by loss of life ; and , on the whole , no hurricane of the like force has swept over England since 1839 .
Devon has severely felt the gale . At Teignmouth the sea was terrific . A most extraordinary occurrence took place on the South Devon line , on Wednesday morning . Between Dawlish and Teignmouth there are some rocks , of a grotesque formation , known as the Parson and Clerk . " These rocks have been tunnelled through ; and in doing so , it was necessary to cut away a portion of the Dawlish cliffs—the base of which has been so undermined that they have for a long time overhung ; and an accident , at some time or other , was predicted . The continual wet weather has loosened
these cliffs , and on Wednesday one of them fell with a tremendous crash upon the line of the South Devon Railway . The immense quantity of earth and stones which are now lying there had completely blocked the way , and the mail train which was due on Wednesday morning at Newton by five o ' clock , did not reach until ten . The mail bags were obliged to be taken out and sent on by omnibus to Dawlish . By this obstruction , which will take some time to remove , the passengers by railway are obliged to go from Dawlish mid Teignmouth , and vice versa , by omnibus , which of course causes much delay .
In Ireland , the blast was not less Hovore . J-orty trees wore torn up in the Phoenix-park . A stack of chimneys fell into Lord Eglinton ' s dressing-room Glass-windows have boon broken by hundreds ; and wmio houses razed to tho ground . Tho mail whip , Windsor , encountered a tremendous sea , but nrrivod in thno at , Kingston . Captain Williams , her Commander , WiiM struck by a sea that actually lifted him up a
considerable height , and pitched him to another part , of the vessel , from the effects of which ho lay u considerable time unconscious , and was carried Inflow ; hut tho galo increasing , and though suffering grout pain , ho gave directions that ho should bo carried on deck and lashed fast . When secured there , he issued his orders to his bravo and gallant , crew , who , though in tho midst of the danger , remained cool and determined
- a characteristic of the sailor . Captain Williams has been since removed to his residence at ( ilasnvvin , seriously injured . Other towns in Ireland havo also been tho kooiio of great , calamities and losses . Scotland has ulno had her full sharo of this memorable tempest ,.
TRADE , GOLD , AND CORN . So grout , has boon the trading prosperity of 1 852 , that even ( -hristniUH lias not , checked the activity of luminous . At Manchester thoro has been a good demand for India and China , and a consequent improvement , in tlio prices of articles miitublo for thoHO murkoln . At Birmingham
the state of the iron trade continues to absorb attention . The difficulty in getting orders executed increases daily , but it is now asserted in some quarters that much of this is caused by mere speculation , and that the present production of pig iron is in reality beyond the consump tion . A further rise of 2 * . per ton in coals has added , however , to the firmness of general quotations . As regards the other branches of Birmingham manufacture , especially glass , the reports continue equally favourable .
A new style of ornament for metallic surfaces by the transfer of patterns from pressure , to supersede engraving , is said to have been adopted with great success : — " It has hitherto been customary to adorn plain surfaces by means of engraving , which method , as will be readily understood , is an expensive one , owing to the time consumed and wages paid to the workmen employed thereon . The new method devised and patented by Mr . Sturges consists in laying between two or more plates of metal pieces of wire wob , thread , or other lace , or paper perfo * rated or cut into various forms or devices ; the two sheets of metal with the pattern between , being passed through
a pair of metal rolls , will be found after the operation to leave the impression of the wire , lace , or paper marked on their surface in depth corresponding to the softness of the metal upon which the impression is desired . Thus on nickel , silver , and brass , as will be readily understood , the depth of the impression is somewhat less than upon Britannia metal . Already several articles formed of this material , and thus ornamented , have been produced , and with complete success . The metal in the sheet , may be manipulated by the ordinary process employed in the electro and Britannia metal trades . Delicacy and correctness of
outline , in connexion with the most exquisite surface orn « - ment , demonstrate the value of the invention as applied to articles of every day use and sale . The proprietor of the patent , Mr . Winfield , of Cambridge-street Boiling Mills and Works , manufactures the metal for consumers , and is also about to apply it to the various branches of tho brass foundry trade , tubes , pillars , metallic bedsteads , &c . No doubt exists in the minds of those who have witnessed the operation and effects of the invention , that it will be productive of much benefit , principally in reference to the economic production of articles for domestic purposes of better-class style than has hitherto been produced at the same cost ,. "
The Nottingham advices state that the transactions in hosiery have been large at an advance in prices of from 5 to 10 per cent ., while with respect to lace the prospects are satisfactory . A scarcity of hands is complained of , stocks are low , and the nature of the business transacted is thoroughly sound . In the woollen districts , notwithstanding the season , there has been a continuance of steady purchases , and the reports from tbe Irish linen markets are of a similar character .
So much for trade . From the gold regions , the clipper Marco Polo , which has made the passage from Melbourne to Liverpool in tho amazingly short period of seventy-five days , brings splendid intelligence . Along with her own lettors she has brought the duplicates of those sent from Melbourne , fourteen days earlier , by the mail steamer Australian , which sailed on the 28 th of September for London , via Adelaide , but has not yefr arrived . It appears that the latter vessel has on board gold to the extent of 9170 ounces shipped at Sydney , 145 , 774 shipped at Melbourne and Geelong , and 65 , 000 shipped at Adelaide , making a total of about
220 , 000 ounces , valued at 880 , 000 ^ . Although she received so small an amount at Sydney , the Phoenician , which sailed the day after , took 48 , 959 ounces . All tho accounts on the present occasion are exceedingly favourable , although they are deprived of much of their interest from not being in a consecutive shape . As regards the Mount Alexander deposits , it appears that they were fully maintaining their character , tho totals brought down by escort during the week preceding tho departure of the Marco Polo having boon 99 , 000 ounces ( 400 , 000 / . ) , while it was at the same time reported that tho quantity still to be forwarded was
rapidly accumulating . It , is estimated , on tho basis of the quantity already received at Melbourne , that tho annual yield of tho Victoria diggings in 14 , 500 , 000 / . Tho commencement of spring having produced a groat improvement in tho roads , tho crowds at tho mines woro likely to be much larger than at any Connor jMiriod , and a corresponding augmentation of tho supplies of gold was immediately looked for . 10 very day ' s experience was such as to lead even tho most cautious j > crnomh to the conviction that tho deposits are , on tho average , richer and more extensively distributed than hud previously been believed . ' New fields hod boon
found between Itallarut and Mount Alexander , which had attracted much attention ,- and another locuhty , subsequently opened up , near the Ovens Rivor , on tho Sydney road , about 180 miles from Melbourne , is alleged to have odipsori all former diMcovorios . Tho operations aro described as . simply liko turning up a garden , whoro about four foot below tho tmrfaco " poekuitu" of immense vuluo nro brought forth . Tho immigration was now continuous , « nd fiOOO pornoiiH had arrived in ono week . Tho multitude woro consequently without nholtor , or woro living in tents . The chief point of anxiety , however , was in relation to tho future
8 THE L E A D . E R . [ Satuhday ,
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 1, 1853, page 8, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1967/page/8/