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The very words are historical—they remind us of striking events . Was not " Napoleon the Sbconi > , " as it is now the custom to call him , King of Rome ? And is it not the fact that French troops still hold possession of the Eternal City ? Is a Napoleon to be seated in" the Capitol , the Pope to become the Archbishop" . of the grand Empire ? But hold ! Napoleok the Second was in fact Duke of Reichstadt , tolerated in the land of his mother for his maternal relationships . Will Napoleon the Fouktit , if ever Napoleon the Fourth there be , live and die in the land of 7 iis mother , tolerated as the Marquis of thjs Euro Canal ? Spain itself shakes witli dynastic questions , and scarcely promises a quiet future home to any stray scion of a doubtful dynasty- An intrigue has just been discovered , which stamps the character of political Spain unchanged . Espartero's honesty and general directness we know ; he has difficult men to deal with ; he must accommodate his action to the instruments he has , and be neither too tame for the bully O'Donnell nor too nice for the jobbers around him . Still he stands by the general public ; and he la too straightforward and genuine for the Court , which has at its head a sovereign whose womanhood restrains the pen that ¦ would characterise her , and a king consort , whose imbecility does not restrain him from intriguing . It has been suspected that this wretched pair have been proposing some kind of partnership to oust themselves , in order to exclude the un-Bourbonian Dccresse i > e JVIo-ntpessijeb with her French connexions . It is not impossible at all . Papers have been discovered which show that there was a Carlist movement upon foot for appealing really to the mob , with every promise of magnificent popular government , extended rights , general employment , and universal prosperity—such as the most reckless intriguer could hold out ; and this irom the high grandees , whose true disposition we know ! It is a glimpse under the surface of Spanish political society . Unluckily the real patriot party of Europe is not at present in a state to move . We have had evidence but too lamentable of this fact , and we are confirmed in our opinion , that the longer the actual move of the people in any part of the Continent can be deferred , the better it will be for their ultimate interest . We know well how it is said , that if time be allowed , the Absolutists will strengthen themselves . Not at all . At no period in the history of E urope has constitutional republicanism more completely taken the ground ; and Napoleon can only hope for a lease of power so long as lie is identified with the Western Powers , extended commerce , and , therefore , of popular interests in the end . As to his identifying himself with the dynasties , the veryidea , is absurd . Insults too strongly marked have been for ever recorded on the injured escutcheons of the Napoleons ; and lie has too much offended and alarmed the old imperial families ever to be trusted . He is not of them , and never will be . He is fur less likely to become of their set than the ancient family of -the Coburgs are . In the meanwhile , we have the address of Kosbuth , Ledru Rolun , and Mazzini , showing that these three gentlemen arc faithful to the principles which they always professed : resolved not to adapt themselves to the circumstances of the day , but to dictate the republic only as it is to bo found in their books and speeches . We respect tlieir consistency although it renders them politically impossible . They absolutely refuse to adopt the course dictated by necessity , which has been adopted by Garibaldi ttnd Manin . In fact they exclude circumstances and the conditions of humanity ; and so excluding , invite the peoples of the Continent to rise . Happily the peoples of the Continent have made no arrangements for that purpose at present ; and
most unlucky would it be if they were to risk an insurrection while the conflict of Absolute Russia and the Westernvpowers is doing their work in shaking down the imperial antiquities that encumber tfro old world . We do not stand alone in this feeling . We spoak with the strong support of men whose attachment to the patriot cftiise , in this country , in Italy , and in France , cannot be doubted ; and in a few days the public will have a distinct evidence from the clear and powerful pen of Louts Blanc . Disorganisation , in fact , is the characteristic of all Europe , our own country included . It is not , indeed , that men are entirely without purpose of a public kind ; there are but too many purposes , and the difficulty is to find any which can so master mens' affections as to bring them together . The war alone seems commensurate for that end , and yet the war itself is trifled with , as we have seen . There has been a talk of " a Coalition , " to unite Gladstone , Disraeli , and Bright ; but of all occupations in the world , coalescing seems the last that men can accomplish . The manifestations of the day show that they are running off * in all directions instead of coming together . Mr . Bright and his party are for peace , as Mr . Gladstone is , and the journal that is understood to belong to the Disraeli section of the Conservative party dallies with Manchester and peace , but Manchester itself , in its Guardian , 14 pitches into" the Peace party in a manner which shows how little that capital of cotton industry is prepared to knock under . Lord Derby speaks out on the subject of the war as stoutly as the Duke of Camrbidge , who " has been there ; " both avowing , in substance , that the sword cannot be sheathed until Russia shall have received a thrashing . If Mr . Disraeli was to have made a declaration , we might have expected to see him at Castle-Hedingham , but there we find him not—onl y a remnant of a Country party deploring the grievances of the age . Castle-Hedingham is now represented only by the Reverend Cox—true to his principles , but without his leader . He will admit nothing but old Toryism ; and young Toryism leaves liim alone in the world : Cox ct pr < eterea nihil . The subjects that most unite men at present are those that have hitherto most divided them . Education , for instance , has caused more diversity of action in this country than most other subjects , yet we find a conference at Birmingham , a halfpublic reception of De Metz , a visit of De Metz at Redhill , and again Recorder Hill expounding to the grand jury at Birmingham some of the last and best doctrines on the subject of supplemental education for criminals , adult and juvenile , his principle being that the criminal should be detained until he is fitted to go at large through educational and industrial discipline . Freedom for all that can use it , for none that will abuse it . Again , " the claims of labour , " hitherto asserted by the philosopher in his closet in the highest spirit of Christianity , or expounded to labourers themselves by men who go amongst them , are now assisted by Lono Lkkester , of Holkham ; by Earl Bruce , of Marlhorough , anrt other scions of the landlord class , who insist that the labourer will be better if he is better lodged , and surrounded , as Rokkut Owen says , by " superior circum . stancoB . " For it is " rank Owenism" that is extending amongst the other classes . The one blaze of discord is religion . A bigoted major , reversing custom , has forbidden thelmnd of the Kerry militia to play the regiment to the Roman Catholic church at Limerick , and there is mutiny in thu barrack . The men absolutely resisted so wanton an oflbncc . Romanism , too , is blatant again . st the Income Tax , through the priest of Blarney ; who , like other people , finds tho payment of the tax against his principles . But there in balm in Gilead ; tho Worcester magistrates , who fined Williams for cutting bin own corn on Sunday , have been told hy the Homo Office that they are wrong in law as well as spirit , for thnt the " hired labourer " was not in pursuit of his ordinary calling , and that he had as much right to reap his own wheat on Sunday a . s n barber has to shave his own beard . Whereupon tho magistrates repay Williams his fine nnd costs , and say that they hold tho same opinion still . They nave shown tho true function which thu county magistrates faithfully fulfil—which is , to find out tho bad parts of our laws and enforce them , that mon of sense may amend them .
OiriBeBvlfr-oiice more menaced by the Alii Goftschftfcoffhas telegraphed to St . Petersl the fleet which left Kamiesch on the 7 tl appeared off Odessa early on tho following and rintfhOrecTthere ; but no tidings have received of the bombardment having opeiu also announced that OtchakofT ia threatcne is expected that the Frenclt and English mai will >« p ' erate on nipre points than one . The at- the date of the last advices , was favourab Allies anticipate that there are large stores at Odessa ; a fact which induces Le Nurd U the following sermon : —
" It is probable that wo may behold in the a new bombardment of Sweaborg . Even if have worse financial consequences fur Russia ask ourselves whether such an expedition wil the empire , as the English journals assort , am the evil which the Allied fleets can inflict on K not be a terrible blow to the commercial intere countries which arc interested in Odessa . The be , ' This is war ; we will burn everything on l that is not surrendered . ' Alas ! all will be burnt but certainly it will not be surrendered . "
Despatches from St . Petersburg speak of termination of the Russian Government tc the Crimea ; and assuredly Gortschakoff ha shown no signs of yielding . He continues to his fortifications on the north side , and to fir Allies , who in their turn increase the str their position , and return the fire with interc French and English engineers are diggi trenches and mines , the object of which is s to be to complete the destruction of the ran the place . The number of cannon found water is very great , and it is anticipated Allies will obtain possession of six thousand respect to the recovery of the sunken ships , accounts have been received . According l they are hopelessly lost : others again state ti may be raised . Should the latter turn out to the bitterness of the Russian loss will be e
by our gam . Marshal Pelissier has been visiting the Buidar ; General Bosquet has fully recover his wound , and resumed his former comma a universal activity of preparation amon /? t )» troops seems to promise some speedy resul portance . Gortschakoff announces on the 4 th " Yesterday and to-day the enemy reappear valley of Belbek , retiring at night to the ere heights separating that valley from the valley o There has been no movement at Eupatoria ; l are visible . The firing against the north aide < topol continues . " On the Gth he writes : —
" Tho enemy's iloet is in motion in different di His gun-boats are considerably increased in Tho camp between the Tcliernaya and Ualak been partially broken up . Some of tho enein ; descended the valley of the Iielbec again to-day An action with the advanced posts of the ( is thus described in a despatch of tho 25 th u " The enemy , after having repulsed the advan of Cossacks on the crest of the hill which sepa valley of llaidar from the left flank of our powit ; from the upper vnllcy of tho llelbek , are cngng « construction of a road on this « ido of tho elopt are , at the same time , csablishing redoubts on of the mountain . 30 , 000 mon have been 1 / Eupatoria . "
From Asia , we have very contradictory a The Journal dc Constantinople announces t garrison of Kara is suffering severely , an letters from Asia even express a fear that render of the place is inevitable . Tho Mon the other hand , contends that tho garrison i want of food ; an assertion which is said to be by the fact of General Williams having bo from tho city upwards of ono thousand hor flvo hundred men us an escort . IIoU he want of food , it is contended that tho Jiorsei have been kept with n . view to being slain an Tho convoy was attacked at some distance i city by tho Russ ians , who captured two 1 nd tho othci
men and three h undred horses , a after dispersing over tho plain , are suid reached Erzeroum . The Invalids liussc , of Pc ] 30 th , publishes a report from General Moi in which he says that on September 11 tit In a battle against 3000 Turks , and nwulo prim Pacha . Ho took four guns and three colon four hundred Turks were killed . Part of tl d ' tirnHfe of Omar l ' ucha , which is already at 1 has received orders to advance , and attempt n possible to relievo tho blockade of Karn Gazette du Midi says that , If Omar desires I any scrvico , it is high time ho should boon liift Tho writer proceeds : — 41 According to a letter recently received , wi
Q 74 THE LEADER . __ [ No . 290 , Satuhe
Leader (1850-1860), Oct. 13, 1855, page 974, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2110/page/2/