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GBB 1 IANY . - A . royal de 6 ree in Hanover has j usfc abolished the jury in :-trials for political offences , and those committed by the press . The allied cause ( says a correspondent of the Times ) has jusfc "been deprived of the services of a fair young Amazon who longed to do battle against the Moskov . The daughter of the Oberhoff-Marschall of Baden , sixteen years old , managed to get clear of her father ' s house and to arrive , per railway , at Kehl in man ' s attire and smoking a cigar . Here she was arrested in her farther progress , and conveyed ignominously "back to the seat of pai'ental authority .
Great indignation has been excited at Hamburg by the arrest of Mr . Julius Campe , a publisher , for issuing a work detailing the " Secret History " of the Court of Mecklenburg-Schwerin—a work whioh contains particulars reflecting very seriously on the private life of Prince William of that state , as well as on the court generally . Mr . Campe . was commanded by the authorities to give up tile name of the person from whom he lad received certain information : he refused , when he was arrested , and told he would be fined ten dollars every day as long a 3 he remained obstinate . The author of the work ( Dr . Yehse ) is also in custody . The Liberals are getting up a petition for their release .
The federal fortre 39 of Kastadt is nearly completed ; but it will not hold more than fourteen thousand men—a garrison which would be insufficient to stop the march of a "hostile army into Southern Germany .
DENMARK . In the highly probable supposition that Denmark will give her adhesion , if she has not already done so , to the treaty of Nov . 21 ., concluded betweeg , the Western Powers and Sweden , it was reported at Copenhagen that the island of Bornholm , the furthest possession of Denmark in the Baltic , would be plac e d next spring at the disposal of England and France for the establishment of provision magazines and hospitals for their land and sea forces . The island is
id . many respects a most important military point . The anxiety at first shown by the Germans to enlist in the English Legion has diminished . Nevertheless , a recruiting agent succeeded , a few days ago , in enlisting a certain number of s oldiers of the former Holsfcein army , near Gluskstadt . . The police of that town , however , on being apprised of the fact , arrested the English agent and all the recruits , and had them conveyed to Altona , where they are now confined . — Letter from Stockholm in the Independence Beige .
A treaty is said to have been proposed by Denmark , in -virtue of which England would guarantee the Danish West India islands against any attack which the United States might make upon them , in case of a rupture arisi ng out of the Sound Dues question ; but this rumour is not probable .
TURKEY . Constantinople and Scutari have been tibU *^ — ••"' horrible ^ weather . F . » f « - - ¦ wv < . vvitu _ . ~^ ., o * eet , snow , and heavy gales , vicn . a slight shock of earthquake , have aSictou . the Turkish capital and its ? Guvirona ' , and an increase of rheumatism and low fever in the hospital at Scutari has . fceen the consequence . The houses in Constantinople are not properly adapted to the exclusion of cold ; and the price of labour is now so high that it is difficult to obtain workmen to execute the most necessary repairs . For this reason , the Barrack hospital at Scutari presents many broken windows , glaziers not being procurable for mending them . The health of the Germans in the hospital at Scutari continues to improve . Only sixty now remain , and of these sonic are convalescent .
General Storks has issued an order prohibiting the retailing of spirits in the canteens and shops of the dep 6 t under his command at Constantinople RUSSIA . The St . Petersburg banks , according to mercantile advices from the llufisian capital , have limited the amount of their cash payments " owing to the scarcity of bullion , " but they have not ceased issuing cash entii'ely . This will explain , the urgent efforts recently naade at Berlin and elsewhere to rairao a loan on almost any terms .
OBITUARY . Mr . Thomas Cuditt , the eminent builder , died at hie house , DonbieB , Dorking , on tho 20 th of December . He was born new Norwich on the 26 th of February , 1 V 88 , and commenced life as a journeyman carpenter . It ia to him that wo owe Belgravia , a largo part of XimUco , Tavifitook nn < l Gordon Squares , Woburnylaco , and other parts of London . Ho was a man of considerable energy , aiwl always behaved with great kindness to his workmen ,
conformist writers , though bis own contributions are held to have been equal to those of his coadjutors . He is also well known to many as a writer of devotional poetry ; and a series of works which he edited under the title of " The Modern Traveller , " published by Mr . James Duncan of Patemoster-row , will always be regarded as an admirable compendium of geographical and historical knowledge . Mr . Conder published many other works . He was greatly loved and respected by hia associates .
Mb , Josiah Condhii . —The newspaper press has * sustained a . Iobb in tho person of one of itn tnotit -worthy members—Mr . Josiah Condor , fur twenty-¦ three yeara oditor of the Patriot , who died cm Thursday wook , at St . John's Wood . Mr . Conder was bom in London in Soptombor , 1789 , and conaaouood life < u $ a publisher and bookseller . Ho whs for many years tho proprietor i \ rtd editor of tho Jiclcctio Jlevicw , iuad wan surrounded by a very brilliant Htnff of nou-
NAYAL AND MILITARY NEWS . Trial of the Screw Steamship Peba . — This new screw steamship , which was built for the Peninsular and Oriental Company by Messrs . Marc , of Blackwall , made an official trial of her speed over the measured mile in Stokes Bay , Southampton , on Saturday morning . The dimensions of the Pera are —length for tonnage , 303 ft . 7 in . ; ditto over all , 334 ft . ; breadth , 42 ft . 3 in . ; depth of hold , 27 ffc . 2 in . ; height between decks in the clear , 7 ft . ; full tonnage , 2 , 630 . The engines , by Hennie and Co ., are of 450 horse power , and are constructed upon the vertical trunk principle , with Lamb and Surunies ' s patent flue boilers . The shaft has a multiplying wheel of two to
one . The engines during the trial averaged 33 revolutions , or 66 entire turns of the screw per minute . The wind was blowing strong from the south-southwest , and after the topgallant yards bad been lowered the following runs were made : —First run , 4 minutes 32 seconds , equal to 13235 knots ; second run , 5 minutes 6 seconds , equal to 11-765 knots ; third run , 4 minutes 41 seconds , equal to 12-8 ll knots ; fo-urth run , 4 minutes 50 seconds , equal to 12-414 knots—showing the mean speed of the trial to be 12 ^ knots , or equal to 14 f geographical miles per hour . The result proved highly satisfactory to every one present , the impression being that an average of twelve knots would be obtained .
Shipwreck on the Devonshire Coast . —A Spanish steamer , of S 0 O tons burden , named the Independiente , laden with stigar from Cadiz , was wrecked a few days ago , under Black Head , about a mile and a-half to the easb of Budleigh and Salterton . The occurrence took place at four o ' clock in the morning , and the lives of the crew—twenty-five in niunber— -were in the utmost jeopardy . The long-boat first left the wreck with four hands on board ; and came to Salterton beach through a tremendous serf . They were , however , safely landed . ; and two ^ more of the steamer ' s boats
put to sea and landed another four of the crew . Tho officers aud crew of the Coast Guard , after considerable efforts , succeeded in safely landing the remainder of the steamer ' s crew—seventeen iu number . Lord Pan mure has directed that ** -- " " Secretary-at-War"beuo lor . — - - ^ g titl e of future comm ""* — '" -- * & & >¦ ' used , and that , iu all - ' .. ^ uauons and correspondence , his L 6 ruoiiip is to be addressed only as " Secretary of State for War "—United Service Gazette .
• Favouritism . —A young man of seven and twenty , * accox-ding to the Elgin Courant , has been appointed Colonel of the Inverness-shire Militia after only sis months' connexion with the regiment , aud to the exclusion of officers who have seen long service . The secret appears to be that he is related to a noble family .
THE ROMANCE OF " THE TIMES . " [ Under , this head , vye pro 2 ioso to reproduce from week to week the most remarkable of those mysterious advertisements which appear every day it tho top of the second column of the Times' front page . Some of tho strangest glimpses into the romance- of reality ¦ that auy placo presents—not excluding tho police offices—are to bo found in that dusky , hieroglyphioal , yet most humanly-interesting , corner of the groat diurnal . Tragedies , comedies , furcos—love , wretchedness , despair- —the outpouriuga of broken hearts , mid
tho supplications of parents to their runaway children—the la . st struggles of desperate poverty , and the slow wiles of swindling—suggestions of strange plots , an yet iii tho bud—odd questions and answorfi flashed too and fro between distant fraonds—tho whole seen obscurely through a dim veil winch it in out of our power to raise , and which gives to tho fantastical details asortiof supernatural interest ; . —of such is tho Romance of tho Times . " Materials liko thoso aro worthy of being preserved in Bourne more permanent form . ]
It . S . —Boar with patience our separation . I hope to rotum Boon . I HAVE got a bad odd . Jumea ia worne . I do not know whoro to nddrosa you . I hope you uro bettor . —R . 3 . TO ISABELLA . —My cloaroat child , rotum at onoo , or write , and I will moot you . Your aboonco in breaking my heart . — -E . M . A . M . —lloeoivcd your gifts on ChriHtmaa-ovo , and were vory welcome . Little Bill ' aud all uro woll . Say whoro to diroot to . ALL H 1 QHT , to tho 18 th of October . C . i » to bo found , nt E ., and protection . Murray will do and poHHOHBOH . Noh . 1 and 3 doubtful . Still depend
con . fidently on the option " William gave you ; he will persevere through all . He wishes to hear from you much . Xour brother is pretty well ; his hope strong , andresolution unfaltering , M . D . is most affectionately thanked for kind wishes and kinder advice ; but now sad and difficult a task will it prove to follow the latter . A selfish aud weak heart has to be controlled , and its very idol to be given up . I will , however , strive aa you desire , for I feel that I ought to do thus much at least for a newly found and very dearly beloved relative .
DAISY feels inexpressibly nattered by Spoonini ' s tender inquiries , but having found a more perfect hero ia a new company she begs gratefully to decline any renewal of the old engagement . RlNGWOOD , Hants . —W . S . — Your letter , dated December 19 th , has been received to day . The acquaintance has ceased . " Old times and scenes " are only painful and full of regret . We have parted for ever . I am about to be married . Any future communication will be returned unopened . Farewell . Dec . 31 .
MISCELLANEOUS . The Bilxeting System . — A deputation of the Licensed Victuallers of Paneras waited on Lord Panmure , on Saturday , to call his attention to the hardship to which they are subjected in having to billet , not merely the soldiers of the line , but the militia also . The conduct of the latter was loudly complained of , as disorderly and dirty . Lord Panraure expressed great sympathy with the deputation , and promised that Government would do all in its power to help them . He observed that the only effectual way of meeting the difficulty , as far as he saw , was by raising a sum of money aa soon as possible , which should fall equally and lightly on the general taxpayers ,
Sir Geouge Ghey 3 while lumting in Berkshire , ou Friday week , was thrown from his horse . The small bone of the arm , just above the wrist , was broken ; but he is going on favourably . Fall op a Bridge in Ikelakd . —A new bridge , about to be opened in place of one which was swept away iu the great flood of November , 1853 , has fallen into ruins at Lismore , IrelantL It was to have been opened in a few days ; but fortunately that ceremony had not taken place , and , as no one was on the bridge at the time
, the loss was only that of property and labour . —Another accident of a similar kind has occurred in Ireland . On Christmas-day morning , n gallery in the Rbinan Catholic chapel of Maugherrow , Sligo , cr ^ ked beneath tho weight of the immense dumber of persons crowded on it . The constei-natiou was of « , course very great , and many persons , ji > their fright , broke the windows and leapt out Several were touted , and otherwise ini" ^ . " but no one wa * killed .
The Refugee Question . —A meeting was held on Monday evening at the British Schoolrooms , Cowperstreet , City-road , for the purpose of expressing sympathy for the refugees recently expelled from Jersey . Mr . Ernest Jones was in the chair . Louis Kossuth has retired from journalism , and ccaBed his connection with the Atlas . In hia valedictory address , ho Bpeaks rather despoudingly of the small effect made by his articles , but looks to future history for the realisation of his propheoies . Stainfield Hall , Lincolnshire , a building erected in tho reign of Henry the Eighth , and containing in tho kitchen Home curious froficocR ami piuielpaintings , as well as an armoury—hnH been completely destroyed by firo . The property was to some extent insured .
Drown kd . —Mr . Pepper and Miss Sirsothwick , n gentleman nnd lady of Tipperary , who wore about to bo married , were drowned a few days ago on tho nn \ - ahoro at Kilkoo , during tho Into gale . They wore standing on the rocks , looking at tho waves aa they Bpoutctl up' through a cavernous oponing , when a largo "billow drew them into tho ho-lo , whoro they wore lost . Some of their companions escivpod with difficulty . Aaiticui / runAij PuosrEniTY in Iiikt , anix — The
farm-yardo through the greater part of Irehuiu aro at prenont remarkably well stocked ; nil descriptions of farming produce fetch high prices ; tho agricultural population in receiving fair wages ; payment * of runt arc greatly in advance of former yoar »; and , although food is dear , labouring men Fur tho tnoHfc part mro unusually well off . PmEB IN MAlNCHKBTEn AND ftUNDK ^ 'AND . —A lrtrgo building , forming six munufacturorH wivrohous « s , !> an boon burnt nt MnnchoHtor . Dumngu to tho amount of £ 12 , 000 haa been inflicted . — Suurforland al « o him been the bccuo of two norious flron , which burnt forth BlmulfcnmooiiHly nfc both on fin of a building oooupiod by ft furmur . A Jurgo amount of fiu-iuing iitock wn . consumed , including some nnimals .
Dha . th rnoMt this Soratoh ov a Oat . —A ]><> nr woinau has died in King ' n College Hospital from the offcota of injuries produced by tho scratch of »<¦ C | l < ' Tho name of tho doccafiod if * Anno Smith , thirty yearn
JQ _ THE LEADER . | Mo . 302 , Saturday ,
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 5, 1856, page 10, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2122/page/10/