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The King then left him with a guard of twenty-five of his body-guard ; and they stood around him with bent bows , so that Khipil dared not move from his sitting posture . And the masons and the people crowded to see Khipil sitting on his master ' s chair , for it became rumoured about . When they beheld him . sitting upon nothing , and he trembling to stir for fear of the loosening of the arrows , they laughed so that they rolled upon the floor of the hall , and the echoes of laughter were a thousandfold . Surely the arrows of the guard swayed with the laughter that shook them . Now when the time had expired for his sitting in the chair , Shahpesh returned to him , and he was cramped , pitiable to see ; and Shahpesh . said , " Thou hast been exalted above men , 0 Khipil 3 for that thou didst execute for thy master has been found fitting for tb . ee . " Then he bade Khipil lead the way to the noble gardens of dalliance and pleasure that he had planted and contrived . ' And Khipil went in that state described by the poet , when we go draggingly , with remonstrating members ,
"Knowing a dreadful strength behind And a dork fate before . " They came to the gardens , and behold , they were full of weeds and nettles , the fountains dry , no tree to be seen—a desert . And Shahpesh cried , " This is indeed of admirable design , O Khipil ! Feelest thou not the coolness of the fountains ?—their refreshiugness ? Truly I am grateful to thee ! And these flowers , pluck me now a handful , and tell me of their perfume . " Khipil plucked a handful of the nettles that were there in the place of flowers , and put his nose to them before Shahpesh till his nose was reddened ; and desire to rub it waxed in him , and possessed him , and became a passion , so that he could scarce refrain fromTabbing it even in the King ' s presence . And the King encouraged him to sniff aad enjoy their fragrance , repeating the poet ' s words : —
" Me thinks I am a lover and a child , A little child and h&ppy lovev , both ! When by the breath of flowers I am beguiled From sense of pain , andlull'din odoi-ous sloth . So I adore them , th * t no mistress sweet Seems -worthier of the love that they awake : In innocence and beauty more complete , Was never maiden cheek in morning lake . Oh , wh 31 e I live , surround me with fresh flowers 1 Oh , when I die , then bury me in their bowers !" And the King said , " What sayest thou , O my builder ? that is a fair quota " tion , applicable to thy feelings , one that expresseth them ?" Khipil answered , " Tis eloquent , 0 great King ! comprehensiveness would be its portion , but that it alludeth mot to the delight of chafing . "
Theii Shahpesh laughed , and cried , "Chafe not ! it is an ill thing and a hideous This nosegay , O Khipil , is for thee to present to thy mistress . Truly she will receive thee well . after its presentation ! I will have it now sent in thy name , with word that thou followest quickly . And for thy nettled nose , surely if the whim seize thee that thou desirest its chafing , to thy neighbour is pei-mitted what to thy hand is refused . " - So the King set a guard upon Khipil to see that his orders were executed , and appointed a time for him . to return to the gardens . At the hour indicated Khipil stood before Shahpesh again . He was pale , saddened ; his . tongue drooped like the tongue of a heavy bell , that when it soundeth givetli forth mournful sounds only : he had also the look of one battered with many beatings . So the King said" , " How of thy presentation of the flowers of thy culture , O Khipil ? " "„ He answered "Surely , O King , she received me with wrath , and I am shamed by her . "
And the King said , " How of my clemency in the matter of the chafing ?" Khipil answered , " 0 King of splendours ! I made petition to my neighbours whom I met , accosting them civilly and with imploring , for I ached to chafe , and it was the very raging thirst of desire to chafe that was mine , devouring intensity of eagerness , for-solace of chafing . And they chafed me , O King ; yet" aiot in those parts whicji » ihxobbed for the chafing , but in those which abhorred it . " Then Shahpesh smiled and said , '" Tis certain that the magnanimity of monarchs is as the rain tlxat falleth , the sun that shineth : and in , this Bput it fertilizeth richness ; in that encourageth rankness . So art thou but a weed , O Khipil ! and my grace is thy chastisement . "
We hope we have said , if not enough to do justice to " The Shaving o Shagpat / ' enough to make our readers desire to see it . They will find it , compared with the other fictions which the season has provided , to use its own Oriental style , - " as the apple tree among the trees of the wood . "
A . BIBD'S EYE VIEW OF INDIA . . i A Bird ' s Eya View of India . l ? y Sir Erskmc l ' crry , M . P ., late Chief-Justice o Bombay . John Murray . This unpretending little volume is favourably distinguished from the majority of works ou India , by its brevity . It is , nevertheless , a very slovenly specimen of book-making . The First Part consists of two lectures , which the learned knight had intended to inflict upon his constituents at Devonport . The greater portion , hoivuvcr , of the book is taken up with extracts from a . Journal kept during a tour through Upper India and Nepal ; while a concluding chanter—tliirty-seven pages of smaller typereproduces nn essny on " The Geographical Distribution of the Principal Languages of India , " which appeared three years ugo in the transactions of the Bombay Branch of the Hoyal Asiatic Society .
from long residence in the East , to impart sound and practical knowledge , are for the most part too much occupied with official business to undertake a serious literary task in . that enervating climate . And on their return to Europe they are glad to enjoy their merited repose with their family or at the Club , and wisely avoid the capricious rebuffs of publishers and the comments of newspaper critics . Sir Erskihe Perry is no exception to the average class of Indian writers . Although Chief-Justice of Bombay , his acquaintance with tie native languages barely sufficed for his daily and personal wants . This deficiency he himself honestly acknowledges and deplores ; and yet he undertakes to write and lecture upon the social and moral character
istics of the natives , and is , we believe , one of those Utopian dreamers who babble about " India for the Indians , " and insist upon a perfect equality between the rulers and the ruled . In former times the returned Anglo-Indian was always represented as a peevish , crotcheity , liverless , yellow-faced mummy , loosely wrapped in nankin , whose wealth and bad temper were a positive nuisance to his family and friends , until pallida mors beat the welltimed tattoo at his door . Nowadays all generic , and nearly all specific distinctions have disappeared ; but there still subsists a notable variety , chiefly recognisable by a half-shy , half-crabbed desire to get into Parliament , by some pet scheme for a railway or canal several thousand miles in length , and by a sudden , affection for the " gentle Hindoo" whom they have kicked and cuffed during the twenty-odd years of their oligarchical despotism . V ^\
It was in 1850 that Sir Erskine Perry made his tour through tfifc most civilised districts of Hindostan . He was not then so much enamoured with the native character as he has since professed himself ; nor-was he at all disposed to think well of their notions of government . It is with the utmost contempt that he speaks of the Gaikwar ' s Court at Baroda . In Rajpootana , the effects of native rule , according to his own confession , are most disastrous and lamentable , though for thirty years peace had prevailed without interruption , and , notwithstanding the exceeding fertility of the soil , nine-tenths of the country were uncultivated . And both " on this trip and in a former one , through a native state , a murder was committed almost under my nose , and was apparently regarded as a common event . " Again , he bears ample evidence to the wretched condition of Oude . He tells us
that all disputes are settled by the sword 5 that " the commonest Zemindar ( or landowner ) keeps a hundred matchlocks in pay , and some of the Talackdars ( landowners on a larger scale ) five and six hundred ; " that the husbandman , guides his plough , " girt with sword and shield j" that murders are prevalent ; and that the Farmers-general go forth with horse and foot and artillery to gather in the revenue . Let us turn from this sickening picture to the pleasant contrast afforded by Goraekpur , one of the provinces ceded from Oude . In 1829 the "jungle came up to the very doors ( gates ?) of the town , wild elephants constantly roamed through the cantonment at night , agriculture was quite stationary , population thin , and the revenue of the cpllectorate was only five laks ( jg 50 , 000 ) . " In less than twenty years after
this district came into British possession roads had been made ; . large boats built on the river ; capital advanced by Calcutta merchants ; opium , sugar , indigo , and grain , exported to a considerable amount ; and the revenue , under a light assessment , raised to twenty-two laks , or i £ 22 O , O 0 O . On a smaller scale the intense selfishness arid sensuality of the native character maybe seen displayed in Bengal , where Lord CornwalhYs hobby , the " perpetual settlement , " has poured fabulous wealth into the hands of a few individuals , who leave their miserable dependants in hopeless poverty while they pass their own lives in the inidst of barbaric pomp and bestial pleasures . Take for
instance—The Bettiali Rajah , who pays three or five laks ( I forget which ) and pockets a"bout twelve laks besides , and yet , on diligent inquiry , I cannot learn that such a millionaire is of the least benefit to the country ; and it is certain that if Government had the land instead of the Rajah , by additional cultivation and improved cultivation , the revenue might go "up to thirty laks instead of fifteen . Of the misconduct of the native police various anecdotes arc related . In tlie very heart of the Company ' s dominions , at Saharunpore , the traveller encountered " a number of men , many of them very well dressed , tied together by a rope , under charge of a Naik svnd ten men , " witnesses going up before a native magistrate . Other men are described as being imprisoned or transported for murder—capital punishment being withheld when the corpse has not been found—but after a time proved innocent , though previously confessing themselves guilty , under the influence of terror and torture . On one occasion three prisoners gave a circumstantial account of the murder
with which thev were charged , and pointed out the soot where the bones with which they were charged , and pointed out tlie spot where the bones would be found . Fortunately , an intelligent medical gentleman discovered that they belonged to three or four different bodies , and at that moment the murdered man walked into court and examined his own bones with much curiosity . He easily accounted for his long absence , and it was evident that false confessions had been extorted by the subordinate native police . Sir Krskine gives some curious details respecting Jung Bahadoor , the famous Nepalese Ambassador , who astonished the London world some four or five years ago . His account , however , does not strictly harmonise with Mr . Oliphant ' s narrative , which , we believe , has never been contradicted or impugned .
Lecture JNo . 1 is nothing more than a very indifferent outline of the superficial phenomena of India , its aspect , climate , and productions . It is an illchosen commencement ; many persons will be dissuaded by the barrenness of its manner and details from venturing any further . This is tli « more to be regretted , because the second lecture contains much that is generally interesting to the mere English render , in the way of familiar pictures of Hindoo hie and society . There is nothing , indeed , either original or profound in the remarks of the lute Chief-Justice ; and it is much , to he deplored that so many of the accessible works on the subject of India have been compiled by incompetent persons , either roirmntic ladies or travellers ignorant of ft single native langiingu . It is possible that such writers , being most susceptible of novel impressions , may give the most graphic descriptions of scenery and the ordinary incidents of foreign travel . But , clearly , they can obtnm no deep insight into character , nor throw any new Hglit upon undent institutions , whether religious , political , or social . The few who arc «« ttable ,
'Alton Loclw , Tailor and Poet . Am Autobiography . Uy tbo Rev . Charles Kingaley . Cheap Edition . * * Chapman andllall . Wk notice tliis cheap edition of Mr . Kingsley ' s very successful story , for the . sake of the preface , which is new . It is addressed to working - men , and is full of wise and earnest reflections . Mr , Kingsley ' s theory of social and politicul progress , apart from n little mysticism , which is not so prevalent as to confuse tlie general view , is sound , clear , and practical . Ho tells the working men of Grcnt Britain that , during the livo years which have elapsed since he wrote " Alton Locke , " he has seen some things to encourage , some to disappoint hiii ) , none to niter his opinions : — " Much has given me hopo ; especially in tho North of England . I believe that there , at least , oxinta a masa of prudence , aolf-control , genial and sturdy manhood , whioh will bo Kugluud ' a roaorvo-foroo for gonomtiona yet to ooruo . Tho lust five yemx , moreover , havo certainly been yciuvi of progress for the good
January 5 , 1856 . ] THE LEADEB , 17
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 5, 1856, page 17, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2122/page/17/