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A LADY'S CAMPAIGN . Journal kept during the Miissian War . By Mrs . Henry Duberly . Longman and Co . Mrs . Duberly is all but an Amazon . She does not fight , but she rises early to be in time for the battle ; she walks " to the front" while the batteries are flaming and smoking like volcanoes ; she is among the first in tie Redan ; and she inspects the conquered city with a military eye . The curious circumstance is , that with all this power of nerve Mrs . Duberly has written a very feminine narrative . Her battle-pieces are interspersed with coloured sketches of the East , at sunset and at dawn , with tender reflections , ¦ with playful and delicate fancies . She went to the Crimea with her husband ,
a PaymasteT of Hussars , and she is there now , preparing for the next campaign . News of the capture of Bomarsund came to inspirit the army as it departed from Bakschick Bay , but twelve days spent on a voyage of three hundred miles produced as much disgust as perplexity . Lord . Cardigan , says Mrs . Dubeily , could not endure the delay , so eager did he seem to be in the field . Was he so eager to be off the ' field at Balaklava ? Mrs . Duberly sayeth not . On matters personal she dispenses her opinions very freely , taking Lord Lucaix to task for meddling with her at Constantinople , and consummating her revenge in . a quiet and expressive paragraph— " Lord Lnean is gone home . " The field of the Alma , after the battle , gave Mrs . Duberly lier first impressions of war . Presently , however , Eliza stood upon the height herself , and saw the fleets and batteries commence their mighty duel : — At halfasb the French
-p one , and English fleets , with the Mahmoudie , brought in their fire . The Agamemnon , with Sir E . Lyons on board , wout close ia , followed by the Sanspar « il . The London , Albion , Belleropbon , Retribution , were all more or less severel y mauled , as they poured in broadside after broadside , with incredible and incessant noise . I merely mention tbo names of such ships as I know something of . There were many others , amongst them the Rodney , Ar . etb . usa , Trafalgar , and the Tribune . The London \ va 3 twice on fire . The Albion had a shell which , by an unlucky chance , pitched into Captain Luakington s stores , destroying his cellar and his clothes . The Belleroplion had a shell through Lord George ' s cabin ; the Retribution loBt her mainmast . At ton minutes past three a magnificent sight presented itself—a huge explosion ift the Mud Fort ( Itedan ) , the smoke of which asceuded to ' the eye of heaven , and then gathering , fell slowly and mournfully down to earth , I thought of torture and sudden death , and was softened to tears , while round me cheers burst from every
throat" All down the line oneuenfening shout . " Officers and men were carried away with enthusiasm , and I felt myself half cheering too . Three-quarters of an hour after a smaller explosion caught our eye . . Agaau the cheer rang out . ' Men ! men , for God ' s sake ! it ia ours J" and an amnuinitiou-wnggon . sent up its contents to form a fierce cloud in the serene sky . "When a Russian fort blew up , as a compensation for the English ami French magazines , the riflemen said , " In the confusion there whs beautiful shooting . " On the 2 ;> th of October the ] ady took a still closer view of the war ; she received a note from her husband , warning her to ooniu up from Balaklava to the camp , as the Russians were on the road , and a light had bcun of which no one could forctel the issue : —
I waa hardl y clear of the town before I mot a commissariat officer , who told me that the lurks lmd abandoned all their batteries , and wore running toward * the town . Ho bogged mo to keep an much to tbo left as possible , and , of all things , to lose uo tune m getting amongst our own men . an the Russian force was pouring onus ; adding , " For Qod ' a sake , rido fast , or you may not reach the camp nhvo . J The Russians were by this time in possession of the Turkish batteries . Looking on tbo oroat of the nearest hill , I saw it covered witli running Turks , pursued b y ¦ mountod CoBsaokB , who wore nil making straight for where I stood superintending tho striking of our tout and the packing of our valuables . Honrv fllintr inn / - >« 4-1 . ^ . ^ 1 , 1 1 ., ~ n • . '» . , ° , .. ;*> *'""*/ flung me on tho old Jiorsound of laden '
; , sousing a pair aiuldlo-bW n Kreat coat and a few other ] ooa « packages , I made tho boat of my way over a ditoh into a vineyard , and awnit ^ l tbo event . For a moment I lo / t » i Kht of our pony Sft ; > i V * " f l l 0 a ( 1 ° : but Hom > y J ° Inod ni ° J «» t ^ timo to rido a l ' ™ l , nl '?! if ? ' <> f , ° Bhot 3 ' whioh uow b ° K «» *<> « / towards u « . Lll « vIr If tl V > * ™»«» «™ 1 ' 7 ' charging over tho hill-Hido and across tho rhlrlin ?* l " T tlo lmo of Highlanders . Ah , what a moment ! Charging and Hurging onward , what could that little wall of mon do aimimt such Into sa'ir T . 1 BpOOa -J , TU 0 rO , ' , Btood' SlrCoUu dM ™* evo . trm them into square Thoy waited until tho tammum wore within range , and thon anTltnVki nJJ h / Wt * r f 'l ° ^^ ing in . moko . Tho SeoL Groy » and ltnmakillono tUon loft tho ranks of our cavalry , and o lmrged with all their weight and force upon thorn , cutting and bowing right nad loft
18 , THE LEADER , [ No . 302 , Saturday ,
public spirit , Without "which a corporate body cannot exist : but that a ' democracy' of mere numbers is no democracy , but a mere brute ' arithmocracy , ' which , ia certain to degenerate into an ochlocracy , or government by the mob , hi which the numbers hare no real share : an oligarchy of the fiercest , noisiest , the rashest , and the tnost shameless , which is surely swallowed up either by a despotism , as in France ; or as in Athens , by utter natioual ruin , and helpless slavery to a foreign invader . Let the workmen of Britain train tliemselves in the corporate spirit , and in the obedience and selfcontrol which it brings , as they easily can in associations , and bear i n mind always that owly he who can obey is fit to rule ; and then , when they are fit for it the Charter may come .
cans * . IEh . e -great < 3 rag upon it , namely , demagogism , has crumbled to pieces of « aB « waa- « acaord ; and seems now only to exhibit itself in anilities like those of the <^ peafeers who in / oima a xnob of boys and th ieves that wheat has lately been * hrown ; mto the Thames to-keep up prices , or advise - them to establish , by means btffcerto . un discovered , national . granaries , only possible under the despotism of a . yharaoh . Since the 10 th of ApriJ , 1848 ( one of the most lucky days which the ^ BgliBh wo rkman ever saw ) , the trade of the mob-orator has dwindled down to such last shifts as these , to -which , the working man sensibly seems merely to anrawer ^ as he goes quietly about his business , ' Why will you still keep talking , Sjgnor Benedick ? Nobody marks you . ' .
In tbe ^ next paragraph , Mr . Kingsley ' s peculiar historical ideas come into play . He deduces from the incidents of April , 1 & 48 , that the aristocracy , no l ^ ss than the working classes , have learned a great lesson . They have , since t fwtf ; crisis , faced all social questions with " an average of honesty , earnestness , and , good feeling , which has , no parallel since the days of the Tudors . " Itis not proved , that in the days of the Tudors the aristocracy applied themselves-with remarkable wisdom or energy to the work of social reformation ; tout Tudorism is Mr . Kingsley ' idol , and he may be allowed , without offence , to adore at . The point we would dispute with birn . is to be found in the » asiSage following : — l
Thathtindreds and thousands of ' gentlemen and ladies' in G-reat Britain now are- saying , ' Show what we ought to do to be just to the workman , and we will do it , whatsoever it costs . ' They may not be always correct ( though they ^ generally are so ) in . their conceptions of what ought to be done : but their purnose is good and righteous ; and those who hold it are daily increasing in number . ± ne love of justice and mercy toward the handicraftsman is spreading rapidly asltneyer did ^ before La any nation upon earth ; and if any man still re-^ resentB the holders of property , as a claaa , as the enemies of those whom they ¦ Pf ^ ' wmngt iwar slavery and their ignorance , I believe that he is a liar and ^ ohdd of the devd , and that he is at his father ' s old work , slandering and omding . between jaan . and
man-. ™* aristocracy may have fneed social questions ^ and they may not desire the stevery or the ignorance of those whom they employ ; but their tendency hs -still to keep the mass of the people in tutelage—to mould their minds instead of setting them free : they perpetually remember that aristocracy < 5 puld aot exist , in its . actual form , without general intellectual docility . Justice and mercy they would dispense , but the justice and the mercy of a . rahng class . To write plainly , the English aristocracy is benevolent , and -nothing else . It subsists through the operation of unfair laws , and when working men or any other order of persons propose to convert the territorial tntoa moral influence—to substitute a civilised for a feudal aristocracy—they sxe accused of ' ^ Socialism " and other foreign forms of thought , which have * aken no root m Great Britain . Mr . Kingsley does well to seek the recon
« iuationi ol classes ; but the aristocracy , when they offer peace to the classes * eneath them , must ofler ~ it in the spirit of peace , and lay by the feudal parchment . They are no longer indifferent to the sufferings of the poor ; they < are humane ; they are charitable ; they insist on justice in the courts ; they desu-e fair-play , n fhe factory . They will lecture to working-men , gi ve them . books , build schools for their children , mediate between them and their , employersi but-thby will be aii aristocracy nevertheless—not an aristotsraoy of these times , but of the middle ages . M * . JSLingsley continues : —
«^ nV ' S ^ I ^ ° you ' my friends , about the future ? Your destiny JnW fi ^ , your own hands For the last seven years you have let it slip through ' ^ + L « i / ^ . ? better off than y ° » w ^ e in 1848 , you owe it principally to those laws of political economy ( as -they are called ) , which I call the brute . natural , accidentfl- of supply and demand , or to the exertions which have been , made by upright men of the very classes whom demagogues taught you to con-SSVW *? + ™ ? ? miea - Pardon ™ if I seem severe ; but , as old Aristotle T ^ ' ti ?^ ! S ? ^ frlend 8 . it is a sacred duty to honour truth first . " AndLis this no . the truth ? How little have tho working nueu done to carry Shi ? t i - ^ f soci ation in which , in 1848-9 , they were all willing to confess 'S 5 £ a £ ^ f ' Had . mon * y vhich was wasted in the hapless Preaton 2 L k W 13 ely 8 ^ 1 nt n l 1 n relwying the labour-market by emigration , or in aSKFSSi ! ValUableby fWbliiig the workman to btlfro operative
^ K - . , y m cowwV ^ tl , eces 3 ai'iea at h ' ttle above coat price , how much sorrow and heart burning might have been saved to the iron trades ! Had the real English Sr ? ^ * - ° UraF Whl ° h Wfts W ( l 3 ted in tllafc strike been employed in tho 'SJ ^ lfir ! ^ u' « ™ ^^ ht hav e been , ere now , fa * happier than they are ever likely to be , without the least injmy to the masters . What , again , ha « ( been . done toward developing the organiaation of the Trades * Unions into its true : fora , Association for distribution , from its old , useless , and Bavago form of ^ ocaataon for the purpoa e of resiatance to mastors—a war which ia at firs t sigh t hopeless , even yeve it just , because tho opposite party hold * in Ms hand the . flunpUes of bis foe as well as his own , and therefore can sUrvo him out at lib Aemure i What haa been done , again , toward remedying the evils of tbo slop ayateni which this book especially exposed ? Tho true inotliod for tbo workinjr men , af they wished to save their brotlxow and thoir bi-otliots wives and dauitlii itoto
« ra aegracation , was to withdraw their « uatom from tho alopsoUorB , and to deal , even at a temporary increase of price , with associate workmen . Have they done so ? Thoy can answer for themselves . In London ( an in tbo country fcownB ) the paltry temptation of buying in tho cheapest market has still boon too strong for the labouring man . In Scotland and iu tho North of England , thank God , the cafle has been very different ; and to tho North I must look atill , as I did when I wrote Alton Locke , for tho strong men in whoso hand * Ho tho destiny of the English handicraftsman . He ^ commends the workmen of the North to bo up and doing , to orgnnlso themselves , to buy und sell iu their own behalf , —to curry tho principle of ttsspciution for mutual advantage into the nets of their daily life , and into their political movements . While disavowing the rabid violence of tho denmsoRucB m . wlioso hancka good couac broke down , he aullicres to the old nrottrammcof ' '' ChTrt "S" 9 ea ' " ~ thC larg ° 8 uffm S ' lintl a » tlio other points of the
« f a « t Jl ** B ? " ° xporio « oo "f the liMt five yonrs ivoa . no little hope riSjKJff ? P ^ ° ! , lthe true d «» Moorat-io prinoiplo in Britain , bocuiHo it SSSSf i 81 gn at tU ° many uro flt for ifc - « on , o > nbor « dway » tlmt Do-, ' £ ? x 2 f R govorumenfc n ° t merely by numbora of i « olutod individuals , but «« . » ^ ° 1 r V " ;> Cf ? " « ome d to live in Demoi , or corpomto bodioa , and aoexwtomed , therefore , to tho aolf-oontrol , obedience to hvw , and Bolf-aaoriflolng
Collaterally , he introduces his ideas of "Monarchy , " and of "things far better than the Charter . " We dare not follow him at present beyond the five points of ^ popular reform ; but . it seems to us , a discussion on the Monarchy is premature . Perhaps Mr . Kingsley does not mean by " true monarchy , " the monarchy of the three kingdoms , any more than he means by " true Christianity , " the thirty-nine articles ; but whether or not the existence of the Crown iscornpatible with the full development of political freedom , is a matter tha ^^ SelmSely allows of discussion . Create the power , —that is , give the suffrage , and the means of using it safely , and the solution will come of itself . Meanwhile let us thank Mr . Kingsley for his manly and candid address to working men . It is full of heart and hope ; of friendly encouragement and friendly warning . Mr . Kingsley has special opinions which we do not share ; but he never writes that which does not add health and vigour to the mind of the reader . -
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 5, 1856, page 18, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2122/page/18/