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Tha old man ' s experience in the navigation of the Baltic Sea was of great assistance in the operations of our fleet in . those waters , and , on the return of the Hecla to Portsmouth , tie Board of Admiralty at once made provision for his future comfort , and immediately issued an order for bis admission into Greenwicli Hospital . In this asylum , the old man died suddenly on Monday , at the age of eighty-six . He had only been able to pick up a few words of English , but was a great favourite among his Greenwich comrades .. An inquiry , which lasted several hours , was proceeded -with on Tuesday before Mr . T . Wakley , coroner for " West Middlesex , at the Bell and Horns Tavern , Broinpton . respecting the death of Mr . William . Marcooly , aged
thirty-six , a master tailor , carrying on business at No . 6 , Brunswick-place , Brompton , who died last Saturday morning shortly after taking a dose of what had fceen soli as castor oil at the shop of 'Mr . 'Bald , chemist , residing a few doors from deceased . The case excited the utmost interest in the neighbourhood , and the court was densely crowded . Prior to proceeding with the evidence , the . jury inspected the shop of Mr . Budd , in order to ascertain where the castor oil and oil of almonds ¦ vrere respectively kept , as it was . alleged the latter had been substituted for the former . Mr . Budd snowed that they were kept widely apart , and that the prisons generally were kept in a closet , and not upon the ordinary shelves . It also appeared from the books and invoices
that all decrease in the stock of oil of bitter almonds was satisfactorily accounted for . The medical geatleman , who was called in when it became evident that Mr . Marcooly was suffering from poison , discovered prussic acid 5 rt the tumbler from which the deceased had been drinking castor oil , as well as in the phial oat of which the oil had been poured . A boy servant of Mr . Marcooly had been sent to Mr . Budd's to purchase the castor oil , talung With him a phial , which had previously contained medicine , but had since been washed . This boy said he -was served by the assistant , who took two bottles ( one white , the other red ) out of sight to the place where the prescriptions are made up ; but he was not seen to pour anything into the phial . Having given this evidence , the boy went with the coroner and jury
to the shop , and pointed out the spot whence the bottles were taken . On their return , a prescription was mentioned , and Mr . Wakley , on seeing it , said one of the ingredients mentioned in it was hydrocyanic acid . The boy , being re-examined , said he saw the assistant open the closet-door where the poisons are kept , but did hot see whether , he took out anything . " The bottle containing the prussic acid was produced , when . Mr . Budd said , he always rilled it himself , but could not tell when he last filled it , nor could he account for how a deficiency of two drachms had been caused . ( Above two drachms was the quantity supposed by Mr . Calill to have been taken by the deceased . ) The inquiry was adjourned , and the coroner advised the assistant , who was present , to have the aid of a legal gentleman at the next sitting .
The Marquis of Waterford , while out riding in . Ireland , fell from his horse , and sustained injuries from which he remained insensible for nearly half an hour . They were not serious , however , and h « is now recovering . Three boys , from nine to eleven years old , have been killed under an arched stable at Blackburn . A large quantity of sand had been removed from under the arch j and the boys were playing in the hollow , when the arch gave way , and they were crushed to death ,
IRELAND . Law Appointment . —Mr . David Lynch , Q . C ., of the Leinater circuit , has been appointed assistant-barriater for the county of Loutli in the room of Mr . John Perrin ( son of Judge Perrin ) , who retires in consequence of continued indisposition . Very little is known of Mr . Lynch in the Irish political world ; but ho is regarded as a sound , able , and experienced lawyer . He is of the Roman Catliolic faith . Tub Dsanrby of Cashed . —The Evening Mail states that the Lora- "LvMitenant has conferred the deanery of Cashel , vacant by the death of Dean Adams , upon the ™? B ! Moore ' Rector of Bleaalngton , in the county Of Wicklow . The appointment is believed to bo quite unobjectionable .
The : Murder op . Mr . Little . —It is stated—though wo know not whether upon good authority—that the police actually brought over from Franco a female clairvovante to help them in their inquiries , but that she could tell them noth 3 ng more than what they already suspectedviz ., that the murderer was on the premises . It is to be hoped that this story is a libel .
THE ORIENT . INDIA . No intelligence , at the latest dates , bad been received at Bombay of the Persian expedition ; but a force of 5 , 000 inen was marching from the Kohat frontier towards Cabul . Severe conflagrations havo taken place at Rangoon , Kurrachee , and Bombay . TheGuicowar of Baroda . died on the 19 th of October . Diaturbancca have brokon out in Kimedj \ CHINA . A 8 oriou 8 collision has taken place at Canton Ictwcen
the British authorities and Yeh , the Chinese Governor-General . A lorcha under the British flag , afc anchor off Canton , vras boarded on the 8 th of October by a Chinese force , and twelve of the crew were seized . Consul Parkes proceeded on board , and was insulted and threatened -with violence . The remonstrances made to Teh were treated with contempt . On the 21 st of October , the matter was placed in the hands of Admiral Seymour . Hostile measures commenced on the 24 th of October . The forts of Canton were taken , and several of them destroyed . Yeh persisted in rejecting Admiral Seymour ' s demands for satisfaction , or even , an interview . On the 27 th of October , fire was opened on the city walls
and on the governor ' s palace .- The city walls -were breached and stormed on the 29 th of October . The troops penetrated to the palace , but were withdrawn in the evening . The loss was three killed and twelve wounded . Attempts at negotiation continued fruitless , and on the 3 rd and 4 th of November the old city was bombarded . On the 6 th of November , twenty-three war junks were attacked by the Barracouta , and all were destroyed . Time was again granted to the Chinese , but no signs were given of submission . According to the last accounts , the Bogue forts had been captured . The factories had been almost totally vacated by the foreign community ; property to a large amount was destroyed by fire ; and commerce was at a standstill .
PEKSIA . A decree by the Shah of Persia invests the Grand Vizier with unlimited powers for life . The same decree adds that serious events are imminent , and calls upon the people to show themselves energetic , and to defend their honour to the last . All the chiefs of tribes , by whom the environs of Herat are occupied , have made their submission . The Persian columns , despatched in pursuit of Dost Mohammed , are advancing on Canaahar . The Teheran Gazette of tie 7 th Raby-el-aouel ( 5 th of November ) announces that the siege of Herat was
undertaken to prevent the Governor , Esa Khan , from surrendering the town to the Xmir Dost MaliommedKhan . This proceeding , the Gazette adds , was perfectly consistent -with the treaty of Herat concluded between Great Britain and Persia . Notwithstanding all that has passed , the Persian Government has not lost sight of the preservation of its friendship with Great Britain , and is ready to withdraw her troops from Herat on condition that the British Government shall take measures in Candahar , Affghanistan , and Herat itself , to secure that each of those countries shall remain for ever under the rule of its own Government .
AMERICA . Further particulars with respect to the contemplated negro insurrection are contained in the last advices from America . The excitement in Tennessee and Kentucky is said to have nearly died out , but in other parts of the South it continued . It appears to have originated in Texas , near the Rio Grande , three months since , and to have extended to nearly all the Southern States , advantage having been taken of the public attention being absorbed in the election for President . It is stated that
in the whole region from Memphis , through Clarkesville , to Dover , on the Cumberland river , the greatest alarm existed in regard to the movements , of the negroes . The gaols in all the counties were crowded 'with the arrested blacks . The county courts had assembled in each county , and vigilance committees and patrols had been appointed in each neighbourhood and township . Eight more negroes had been hung at Dover , making nineteen in all . No overt act had been committed , but the proof against them of insurrectionary designs was , it is said , conclusive .
On the 15 th ult ., in Congress , on motion of a Southern member , representing Almont , the only district to the south of the Ohio in which the Nebraska-Kansas Bill has been condemned by the popular vote , the House , by a vote of 137 to 71 , " Resolved that this House regards all suggestions or propositions of every kind , by whomsoever made , for a revival of the slave trade , as shocking to the moral sentiments of the enlightened portion of mankind ; and any act on the part of Congress legalizing or conniving at the legalizing of that horrid and inhuman traffic would justly subject the United State 3 to the reproach and execration of all civilized and Christian
people throughout the world . " And then , by a voto of 183 to 8 , resolved that it is inexpedient , unwise , and contrary to tho settled policy of the United States , to ropeal the laws prohibiting the African slave trade . Among tho eight " nays" was the name of Mr . Preston S . Brooks . A . note from tho Imperial Legation of Russia at Washington accompanies tho President ' s Message . Tho Russian Minister here says " that ho is instructed to notify tho Hon . Mr . Marcy that hia Majesty the Emperor accepts , for his part , tlx « condition under which tho United Statca
to tho abolition of privateering—namely , that the private property of tho subjects and citizens of tho contracting parties shall in times of ivar bo respected by their respective . navnl forces , na well as by those of all tho Powers which may join in this declaration . The undersigned is equally instructed to declare to the Hon . Secretary © f State that , should tho propositions of tho United States becoino the subject of a collective
deliberation , the vote of the Imperial Cabinet is pledged to them . " In the Supreme Court , New York , Felicite" Debud and Eugene Gkelet , who were supposed to have been concerned in the late frauds upon th « Northern Railway of France , -were discharged by Judge Davies , upon their stipulating not to commence any action for unlawful imprisonment . The other prisoners , Charpentier and Parrot , were detained for further proceedings in the case . From Honduras , we hear that a party of American gold diggers , who had been there ' prospecting' for precious metals , had nearly all left , on account of the sickly nature of the climate . The authorities at New York are keeping watch over an expedition which , it is suspected , is now being fitted out in that port , under the command of General Paez for Venezuela .
The -war goes on in Nicaragua . The Costa Eican forces , some time in October , took possession of San Juan del Sur , but were subsequently driven out by Walker in conjunction with General Hornser * The former then attacked the enemy at Messaya , a jart of which town he burnt . He found , however , that he could not bold both the transit route and Granada , and he therefore determined to -destroy the latter . Eemoving his sick and wounded to the island of Ommettee , on the lake , he directed one of his followers ( Heaningsen ) to march on Grenada , and put it to the flames ; but that officer , after having only partly effected the object in view , was cut off in his retreat , and was obliged , with his four hundred followers , to take possession of a church halfway between the city and the lake , where , at the last accounts , he was still besieged .
A complete reconciliation i 3 said to have been effected among all Nicaraguah parties under the Presidency of Rivas . Advices fro in Vera Cruz announce that Puebla has surrendered to the Government forces . The news of Vidaurri ' s treaty is confirmed . Alvarez has taken the field in defence of the Government . According to one of the Spanish Ministerial papers , General Santa Anna of Mexico has sent agents to Madrid to propose to re-establish monarchy in Mexico , with a Spanish prince as sovereign , provided the Spanish Government will grant him certain assistance . The Epoca opposes any such project , unless it be freely demanded by public opinion in Mexico , and have the support of England and France .
In the New York money-market , owing to the large amount of specie shipped to New Orleans , there has been more inquiry for money at the banks . At Philadelphia , the house of Mr . Pierce Butler has stopped , owing to stock speculations ; but his landed property is represented to be still very large . There have been two failures also at Boston , viz ., Henshaw , Edmonds , . ind Shaw , wholesale druggists , and Tenney and Co ., carpet dealers .
FURTHER REVELATIONS OF CAYENNE . A veev singular letter from the French , colony of Guiana , the locality to which convicts , political and otherwise , are sent , appears in the Times of Monday . It is not _ signed with any name ; but the writer is a free inhabitant of the province , and he claims to speak in the names of the other free inhabitants generally . He complains that , although , according to the plan mapped out by the Home Government in February , 1852 , the convicts were not to be placed on the island of Cayenne , they Jiave been placed there by tlie simple will and pleasure of the local functionaries . A convict establishment has even been- formed in the centre of tUo town of Cayenne . The consequences of this violation of the law , according to the writer , aie appalling . "The
unfortunate inhabitants who have to visit thoir property situate near these dens of malefactors meet them in bands on the road , showing * their sullen countenances , and sometimes excited by drink . On board the Gardien , a hulk anchored in the Cayenne roada , there are more than 180 convicts , who every day enter the town in twenties at a time , to levy various contributions , and are not even accompanied by a superintendent . In tho town itself , thero are at the preBent moment 11 rejtrh ch justice of the country , 41 convicts , some liberated criminals from the galleys , and 7 G galloy slaves , without inentioning 73 transported men for being connected with secret societies . All of them are in a complete state of liberty . When it is remembered that the total population of the
town of Cayenne scarcely amounts to COOO souls , it may bo asked whether so disproportionate a number of convjcts compared to tho population does not convey in tho highest degree an idea of the < langcr to which the town of Cayenne is daily exposed . And , in fact , alarm reigns in this town , which is at the mercy of eo many elements of disorder and destruction . Arc we , in fact , sure that these men , urged by tho gonius of ovil , may not some day concoct some vast conspiracy when convicts of tho town , convicts of the roadstead , convicts of Undue ] , » - « t convicts of Mont Joly , will plot together to put to firo * and blood . a town which the want of foresight of the authorities appears to have devoted beforehand to overly misfortune-V Tho writer accuses tho convicts of t \ L
greatest atrocities—evon , in tlm case of three men who temporarily escaped , of cannibalism . Thoy asansainatfld three or four of thoir comrades , and , though they had plenty of food with thorn , ato the bodies . " So much for morality , " continues tho correspondent .
4 THE LEADER . [ No . 354 , Satitbday ,
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 3, 1857, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2174/page/4/