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to an old man of Spanish blood , who was suspected ( but it is thought wrongfully ) of having stolen a horso from a Mr . WoHfektH , somewhere near Puta Creek , Sacramento . He was hunted down by Wolfskill and some other men , who said he must go before a judge . He expressed his willingness , but subsequently escaped to Vacaville , where the judge resided . Here he was befriended by an American lady ; but his persecutors came upon him , beat him , and levelled a pistol at his head . The lady , who behaved with great courage and generosity , stepped between the old man and the weapon , and said he should not be murdered . At length , however , he was dragged to a tree , and hanged till he was nearly dead . " More than forty Americans , " says the account , " witnessed the scene , and not one raised his voice . This is not the first outrage which has happened in that vicinitv . "
Tuckerman , the treasurer to the Eastern Railway , Boston , whose arrest at New Haven , Connecticut , on a charge of robbing a mail train , we have already noticed , has , it appears , carried on for the last few months a series of railway robberies , chiefly on the Boston and New York line . Nothing was known of these depredations until about six weeks ago , when several mails from Boston were missed , in consequence of which the postal detective police officers were put upon the watch . One of these , a special mail agent , named Holbrook , observed Tuckerman , one Sunday night , cuter the
baggagecar of a train which was about to start for iSew York from Boston . Holbrook therefore accompanied the train on its journey , and , having closely watched Tuckerman , saw him . throw himself on the mail bags in the van , and lie there for some time , apparently asleep , when suddenly he jumped up , seized two small bags , and hastily slipped them into a trunk he had with Mm opening with a spring . It seems , however , that he must afterwards have been alarmed by something unusual about the bags , as he restored them to their place in the car before the train arrived at New Haven . He was taken into
custody at the latter place , and , on being searched , several burglars' implements were found on him . The numerous railway robberies committed by Tuckerman , were contrived in a very subtle and ingenious manner . He managed to gain the favour and confidence of the various railway officials by his courteous and affable manners , aided by a liberal donation of cigars . By these means he secured admission to the baggage vans ; and , watching his opportunity , when the men who had the care of them were otherwise engaged at the different stations on the line , he succeeded in plundering them of their contents to a considerable amount . Since last October , especially , the quantity of property abstracted has been considerably more than a hundred thousand dollars in notes and cheques . Most of these are supposed to have been destroyed ; but a carpet bag belonging to Tuckerman , and containing a large amount of notes , has been found since his apprehension . His depredations among the letters destined fcr Europe were very great .
CONTINENTAL , NOT E . S . That narrow and unchristian , feeling is to be condemned which regards with jealousy the progress of foreign nations , and cares for no portion of the human , race but that to which itself belongs . Dr . Arnold . FHANCE . It is asserted that permission has been given to all the exiled generals to return to Franco , without condition of any kind . This is attributed to the intercession of Marehal Peli 3 sier . M . Charle 3 Lagrange , the well-known Red Republican , who took a leading part in the insurrection at JLyons in the reign of Louis Philippe , and in the revolution of February , 1848 , has just died at the Hague , after a . long and painful illness . After the coup d ' etat of Decermber , 1651 , he was exiled . Lola Montoa has arrived at Havre from America . M . Cauvairi , barrister at the Imperial Court of Paris , nas been appointed by the Minister of State one of the 'barristers of the civil Hat and of thfi household of the Emperor .
Admiral Lugeol , at the head of a party of marines , has inflicted severe chastisement on the tribe of TaYpi-Vahi in the Marquesas Islands , the last of the cannibal tribes of those regions . They had made an attempt to seize two young women belonging to the French mission , of whom they intended to make sacrifices . The admiral penetrated a thickly-wooded valley , rested for the night in the temple of the high priest , and next morning chased the savages into the woods at the point of the bayonet . He also burnt a good many villages . None of the marines were wounded , though the savages made use of muskets , with which they had been supplied , a short time previously , by some American whalers , who smuggled the weapons on shore .
Three journals in the French colonies of Guadaloupe and Martinique have been temporarily suspended , for having written in a sense displeasing to the authorities . In the conrse of some works which were being executed the other day by M . Leon Fallue , on the estate called Manoir du Mont , the property of M . Cre ' tnieux , some vestiges of a Gallo-Koman village and burial-place were unmasked . A crypt , a subterranean church , galleries , and graves containing skeletons , were thus brought to light after their long obscurity . The architecture is very ° mas 8 ive , and is said to belong to the Merovingian period . _ ... ...... in dified
With reference to the proposed revival , a mo form , of the French slave trade , the Daily JVew ^ writes : — " The Paris Constitutionnel of Monday , in an article signed * P . Duboi * , ' throws off the mask on this subject ; boldly defends the system which the French Government has adopted of purchasing negroes on the coast of Africa and carrying them to compulsory service in the French Antilles ; argues that in no other manner can prosperity be restored to them ; and ridicules the opposition of the English philanthropists . From this manifestation on the part of the leading Government print of France , the deplorable inference is that Lord Clarendon ' s remonstrances have utterly failed . "
The Jeufosse story has been repeated . A youth of eighteen was in the habit of visiting a girl of sixteen in her bedroom at night . The father accordingly stationed his son in the room , armed with a gun ; and , on the lover appearing at the window one night , he was shot dead . The father and son have been arrested . " The disturbances at Appencourt between the municipal authorities and the cure of the place , " says the Daily Telegraph Paris correspondent , " have at last come to an end . It may be recollected that the Abbe Dupont , at
who had formerly served as cure' Appencourt , having given offence to certain of his flock , had been removed to another diocese . A short time ago he was reinstated . This so annoyed the municipal authorities that in a bod 3 they resigned their posts . Seeing this , the ecclesiastical authorities gave in . The Abbe Dupont has been once more removed . This time , however , it is to the county gaol . The ecclesiastic is accused of ' resisting the authorities , and menacing his superiors . ' The mayor and the municipal authorities have returned to their posts . " PORTUGAL . The epidemic in Lisbon is reported to have ceased .
ITALY . Count Cattaneo was recently killed in a duel near Paris , by Captain Froidefont , of the Guides ; and the seconds of the Count have received notice not to return to Naples , to which they belong , as , if they do , they will be punished by hard labour at the galleys , according to a Nonpolitan law in these matters . " A sad uncl mysterious incident has occurred at Turin , " says the Times correspondent of thnt city . " The well-known Count George Brembati , of Bergamo , was coming out of a house the other evening , when he received a blow which knocked hi 3 hat over his . eyes , and a stab in the neck , which , however , ia not a spvere wound ; finally , a blow in the side from an iron-shod stick , which has brought on bloodspitting . His assailant escaped , and made no attempt at robbery . The Count waa bled thrice , and in the evening ho wan worae . Some arrests have been mu < ie . "
than a horde of thieves and assassins rushed towards the Toledo , with a view to plunder during the confusion ; but the gendarmes suppressed the attempt with their drawn swords . The people of the city , also , soon recovered their appetite for play , and thronged to the lottery offices as so 6 n as the immediate danger was over . In the height of their terror , however , they called frantically on the saints for protection ; and a report went about that the blood of St . Januari . us had boiled—which seems to have been looked upon as a favourable symptom . Parkes , the English engineer confined at Salerno , had another of his nervous attacks after the great shock . The trial of him and his fellow prisoners will not commence till towards the end of the present month—some seven months after the commission of the imputed offence .
Some interesting ancient relics have been discovered at Ostia , in the Papal dominions ; among them , a room built of alabaster and other stones , and exquisitely adorned . "With respect to the English engineers , the Daily Neiv . Naples correspondent suj'S : — " There are several reports going about town which are worth recording . The first I received from a friend in this form : — 'A foreign minister told me yesterday that Signor Carafa , the Minister for Foreign Affairs , was showing a letter which he had received from Lord Clarendon , thanking him for the attention paid to the engineers . '" We trust it may prove that so injudicious an act has not been committed .
The English papers publish some documents addressed by Acting-Consul Barbar to the Earl of Clarendon , to the effect that the Neapolitan Attorney-General exhibits a strong animus against the English prisoners , and has even told untruths with respect to them ; that the engineers state that all they did in connexion with the Cagliari affair was under compulsion from thr insurgents ; that our countrymen have been confined in close , filthy , and disgusting " rooms during the hottest weather , fed on the worst food , handcuffed , kept for a long time from seeing their friends , and subjected to usage little short of torture ; and that their health in consequence has seriouslv suffered . In fact , all the worst rumours
are thus officially confirmed . AUSTKIA 7 A severe shock of earthquake was . experienced at Agram , in Croatia , on the 20 th ult . The undulating motion continued at intervals for a considerable time , and the noise ( which lasted after the motion ceased ) was of a rolling , metallic character , as of a heavy carriage passing quieklv overa rough j ^ avement . M . Mertz , the officer who was in command of the fortress of Comorn at the commencement of the revolution of 1848 , died at Vienna a few days ago . For some mysterious offence , of which people generally believe him innocent , he was deprived , about four years ago , of his military rank and honours , but , as a mark of gre ; il favour , was allowed a pension of three hundred florins . He was eighty-one when he died .
The Emperor has directed that the walls and fortifications of the inner city of Vienna shall bo levelled , and the dry moat filled up . Proper measures for enlarging the city are to be taken without delay . Lord Stratford de Kedcliffe has been staying at Vienna . On Christinas Day , he and Sir Hamilton Seymour dined with the Emperor and Empress ; and our representative at Constantinople had the honour of handing the Empress into the drawing-room after dinner .
SPAIN . The Infanta Dona Josefa , sister of the King , was nearly killed a short time ago , by her horses running uway with her as she was driving out . She jumped from the vehicle , fell on the road , and received several cuta and bruises . Narvaez , who happened to be walking by at the time , stopped a gentleman ' s carriage , and hiul the princesa conveyed to the palace in it . Singularly enough , thia lady ia the wife of Guell y tteute , with whom Narvaez ia at such deadly enmity . The Gazette announces that on the 25 th ult . telegraphic stations were to be opened to the public at Cadiz , Aluieira , Leon , Ciudad iieal , and lieus , and that ou January 1 st the international lines of telegraph were also to bo opened to tho public . disnfVeotcci owi to
Tlio army is suid to bo seriously , ng a boliof tliat the now Ministry will not take aUvaiitngo of tho birth of tho infaut prince to curtail tho period of service by two years—a boon confidently anticipated while Nurvuez was in power . Seditious placards have boon posted , und aomo apprehension has boon folt . Lord UowUuii , the English Minister , has returned to Madrid . , TUltlUCY . An old wall , with several arcades of atone , which hml ' s ^ srt ^^^ sss ^ established thomaolveri in tho arches , and Mtoon persons tvoio buriedJn tho ruiuw . Of those , only throe wore got out alive
. .. .. M . Boutinieff , tho Huaaian Ambassador at Constantinople , has declared , on the part of liia Government , that the occupation by the English of tho island of l ' a « m > which took place about a year ago , is a violation of tlio integrity of the Turkish Empire . A body of Turks havo made on attack on about lour
Tlio details which continue to arrive with respect to the late earthquake in the kingdom of Naples do not diminish the first vague reports of the vast dimensions of tho calamity . Potonssu , tho capital ol Basllioata , and tho immediate neighbourhood , havo boon dreadfully shattered . The townships of Tito , Maraico , Nuovo , Luuronzana , and Bvionza , havo been almost destroyed ; Pertosn , Atessa , and Auletta entirely . Two-thirds of Vignola hare perished . Viggiano , Calvollo , Anzi , Abrioln , Bari , Kicigliano , Oanosa , Padula , St . Pietro , Snla , Diano , Sassano , Sapri , and other places , have also suU'urod terribly ; and the dosolntlon und misery Bpread
broadcast over a large extent of territory are such that ihlTGw 6 nTnTCn't ~ rt ^ falls horror-struck from one ' s hand . " There havo boon some more slight shocks in th /) city of Naples , and groat alnrm has been iblt . The Government has sent food and other necessaries to the poor people who have boon rendered houseless by the calamity ; and tho killed and wounded are being dug out of tho ruins . The preolso number of thoae who have perished cannot yot be ascertained-, but it must amount to severul thousands . A strange incident occurred during tho shook experienced in th « capital on the ifUk ult . No uoonev wats It MX ,
u Some journals , saya tho Spectatenr , have stated that Madumo de Jeufosso and hor children aro about to take up their residence in Italy for a short time . We are enabled to contradict the statement , as Madume de Jeufosso and her sona havo never had any intention of quitting their oBtato . " Tho MarionetteB Theatre at Cologne has brought out for its Christmas ontertaimncnt a new piece called The Jeufosso Family , or a True Tale of Domestic Lifo in 1857 . ' Imperial decrees nro published in tho Moniteur con-TOltfng _ t ; hoJ 3 Bnttto .. Jor . aU «~ . l&tU ^^ appointing M . Troplong its President for tho ensuing year , and M . Mesnard , Marshal PolUsior , Baraguay d'Hilliors , and General Kegnaud do St . Jean d'Angoly , Vice-Presidents .
Tho press has been invitednot to give particulars of duels , single combats having shown a tendonoy lately to increase . An 'invitation' hns also been sent to tho J ournals not to diucuss philosophical and religious questions , for fear of giving tho clergy ofl ' onoo . It is diMoult to imagine what will bo loft for journalists to describe or debate if many more of those ' invitations' aro waued .
6 T H E LEA DEB . [ flo . 406 , January ^ , jj ^
Leader (1850-1860), Jan. 2, 1858, page 6, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2224/page/6/