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II . The second is the Samaritan . This version appears to have been made , at least , before the time of our Lord . John Morinus makes it more ancient than the Greek , viz . the time of Esdras .
III . The third is the Chaldee Paraphrase , which was made by various 4 tuthors , and at different times . Onkelos translated the law about the time of Christ . Jonathan-Ben-Uzziel , a disciple of the celebrated Hillell , (
concerning whom the Talmudists have some wonderful traditions , ) translated the former and latter prophets . He lived about thirty years before Christ Another paraphrase is ascribed to him of the Pentateuch , but this may be
proved to be the work of a much later author . IV . There is a tradition in the East ,
that the Syriac of the Old Testament as well as the New , was made not long after the times of the apostles , and arguments are not wanting to prove this . It is publicly read in the churches through the East . It follows principally the Hebrew text , from which the version of the Old
Testament was made . V . The fifth is the Ethiopic of- the whole scripture , which is much more ancient than Joseph Scaliger thinks . It is mentioned by Chrysostom . It follows , for the most part , the Greek in the Old Testament , and agrees pretty much with the Vulgate in the New .
VI . An Armenian Version of the whole scripture is extant , as I have been informed by eye-witnesses . I have the Armenian four gospels , but so obliterated in many places that ,
without the assistance of another copy , they could not be engraven on types . Most affirm that it was made by Chrysostom VII . Origen arranged the Creek
Versions of Aquila , Theodotion and Symmachus in his Tctrapla and Hexapla , and to them added a fifth and sixth with the Hebrew text , whence he called these volumes Octapla . Aquila , who revolted to the Jews ,
made his about Anno Christi , 130 . Theodotion , a proselyte , becoming an apostate , first a Marcionitc , afterwards a Jew , made his about Anno Christi , 18 O- Symmachus , a proselyte also , edited his in the reign of S events , about Anno Christi 200 . VIJI . The Coptic or Egyptian , as
Sir W , AS glad to see announced in I your last number , that the controversy on future punishments was closed , and that the popular doctrine of atonement was to be brought under discussion . I could have wished
indeed , that it had been simply the doctrine of atonement , and that the question had been confined solely to ourselves , who are Unitarians- For , if we enter into the popular doctrine * a vast field of controversy is open on a
variety of unimportant points , which are all set aside by the conviction in our own minds , that there is only one God , the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ . Of course , as we deny 1 hat Jesus is other than a man , in
the highest degree favoured by God and raised to a name above every name , we cannot enter into the metaphysical arguments on sin , of the necessity of an infinite Mediator , and similar points , by which the mind is led away from scripture to vain and
frivolous disputes on the idle traditions of men . But the question of atonement itself is of a far more important nature , and according to the opinions entertained of it , will be the respect and reverence paid to our Saviour . I have found in the writings of several
Unitarians , and the conversations of others , that I differ very materially from them in my view of our Saviour ' s character . Whilst they consider him merely as a teacher sent from God , mighty in word and deed , I look upon him as my Saviour , as one through
whom the Creator bestows the greatest of gifts to the human race- He is not to me therefore merely the pointer out of immortal life to his followers , but the indispensable medium , by which we enter into eternity . I need not say with wFiat terms of gratitude such a benefactor must be
hailed by every one who looks up to the head of our com in unity , the first-born from the dead , the Saviour and Redeemer of mankind , in the light 1 do . The language of St . Paul will not appear to us too glowing , nor are any metaphors too strong to us , who be-
52 Mr . Freud on the'Atonement .
Athanasius conjectures , was made about the time of the council of Nice . P . S . There is an error , Mon . Rep . Vol . ix . p , 597 . in the minute of Astley Meanley ' s death . He died in June and not in March-
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1815, page 32, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1756/page/32/