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his will he bequeathed to his favourite institution the sum of one hundred pounds . The Society , as has been justly remarked , will be a standing monument of what may be accomplished by individual persevering exertrons in the cause of humanity ; and ^ vill transmit the names of Hawes and
Cogan to posterity as benefactors to the human race . * In 1780 , Dr . Cogan again retired to Holland , where he continued , enjoying himself in literary and philosophical pursuits , and contributing to the enjoyment of others by his amiable
manners and pleasant and instructive discourse , until the storm of the French Revolution drove him back , for shelter , to England . During this last residence on the Continent , he had visited Germany , and on his return to
this country he collected and revised the notes which he made ori his tour , and published them in two Volumes 8 vo ., under the title of " The Rhine . " There are few more interesting books of travels than this . The charm of the
work is , that the reader feels himself to be a companion of the author ' s , and enters into his whole character ; and Dr . Cogan ' s was a character that could not be known without being highly esteemed .
On his final settlement in England * Dr . Cogan made Bath his first residence . Here he indulged his taste for agriculture . He was an active member of the West-of-En gland Agricultural Society , and followed experimental farming with so much
success on some land which he occupied in the neighbourhood of Bath , that he obtained several of the Society ' s premiums . He continued this pursuit in his subsequent removals to Clapton and Woodford , and at the time of hts decease held a small farm in the
vicinity of Southampton , to which he used to retire occasionally from his lodgings in London . His inclination towards agriculture was not prompted by the hope of gain ; it was matter of taste ; perhaps it was something higher , for he had ^ so active a mind that he could not be content without some object before him , and his principles and feelings induced him to
? Annual Report of tbe Royal Humane Society , 1818 , p . 5 . " /
ch oose such objects as were useful to mankind . Of farming , as a business , he used to say that "it is never profitable , except the farmer drive the plough , his wife be dairy-maid and the children scarecrows . "
Whilst he lived at Bath , Dr . Cogan published , under the name of ** A Layman , * ' the well-known Letters to Mr . Wilberforce on Hereditary Depravity , in which he combats with complete success this fayourite tenet of the pious senator . This pamphlet haai
passed through several editions and has , perhaps , contributed more than any work ever published to correct dark views of human nature , aud consequent despondency with regard to the plans-of Providence . It merits the praise bestowed by Johnson on Bur . net ' s Life of Rochester : ' * the critic
may read it for its elegance , the philosopher for its arguments , and the saint for its piety . * During his residence at Bath , he published , also , first the Philosophical and then the Ethical Treatise on the
Passions , which were followed at long intervals by three other volumes of moral and theological Disquisitions ; forming together the complete system of the author with regard to the character of the Creator , and the moral constitution , duties and expectations
of man . In the philosophical part of this extended work the arrangement is clear , the definitions correct and the illustrations happy ; in the ethical it is proved that virtue and happiness are identical ; and in the theological the Jewish and Christian revelations are
fully vindicated , and are shewn to be means by which the universal Father is educating his children for final happiness and glory . But excellent as these volumes are , they would probably have been more useful if they had been published as distinct works , and
? The writer once heard Dr . Cogsrn relate that a popular and eloquent Calvinistic minister , on being- asked his opinion of the Layman ' s Letters , made this declaration : — " I would not undertake to refute all the
author ' s arguments , but I have this one answer to make to them all , God owns our way qf preaching * " Is not this equal to saying , that the preacher who has the largest auditory has the mrest evidence of being * in the right ?
Memoir of the hieDr . Cogan . 8
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1819, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1768/page/3/