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In this way the train of pilgrims to th £ Passover proceeds ; they halt at mid ^ day beside the pools of Solomon , the reservoirs of an aqueduct by which Jerusalem had formerly been supplied . In the evening they enter
the Holy City , and are hospitably-received by Iddo , an old friend of Elisama ' s family . The description of the City and Temple , of the day of Preparation , the feast of the Passover itself ,
the Sabbath and the remaining days of the solemnity , occupy the remainder of this volume . The following description of the Paschal meal may serve as a specimen of the antiquarian part of the work .
" In the middle of the room stood the table , which in t . he East is always low , because the guests either . He around it on divans , or sit on cushions .
On this occasion , however , there was neither divan nor cushion , and the table stood apart , as if the preparations were but half finished . It was
about the middle of the second hour of evening ( half-past seven ) when the company , consisting of nineteen persoris , assembled around the table . Every one , though splendidly clad , appeared prepared for a journey . With sandals on their feet , which at other
times were not worn in a room , but given to the slaves to be placed at the door , with their garments girt and a staff in their hands , they surrounded the table . A large vessel , filled with wine immediately from the cask , stood upon it , and the meal began by the master of the house blessing it . He laid hold of it with both hands , lifted
it up with the right , and said , ' Praised be Thou , O Lord our God , Thou King of the world , who hast given us the fruit of the vine ; ' and the whole assembly said , ' Amen / Next he blessed the day , and thanked God for having given them his passover ; and then , drinking first himself from the cup , sent it round to the rest . When this
was over , he began again ; ' Praised be Thou , O Lord our God , Thou King of the world , who hast sanctified us by thy precepts , and commanded us to wash our hands . ' He and the whole
company then washed their hands in a silver baaon , with water poured from an ^ ewer of the same metal . This was the emblem of purification , and impHttd , that „ evdry one should come witK a pure he&tt , * as well as clean
hands , to partake of the paschal meal The unleavenedf brfead , ( flat cakes with many small holes in them , ) the bitter herbs , a vessel with vinegar , the
paschal lamb , were then placed upon the table , and last of all the charbseth , a thick pottage of apples , nuts , figs , almonds and honey , boiled in wine ami vinegar , and not unfrequently made in the form of a brick or tile
to remind the Israelites of their Egyptian slavery , and strewed with cinnamon in imitation of the straw which was mixed with the clay . The master of the house then spoke ' ugain , ' Praised
be Thou , O Lord our God , who hast given us the fruits of the earth / He dipped one of the herbs in vinegar , and the whole company did the same . At this moment , the mistress touched her
little grandson , a child of ten years old . Children were ahvays present at this festival , and one design of its establishment was , that the son should learn from the lips of his father the events to which it referred , and the
remembrance of them might thus be propagated to the most distant posterity . The child understood the hint , and asked his grandfather why on this night only unleavened bread and
bitter herbs were to be eaten ; why on this night alone the guests stood around the table , instead of sitting or lying . With dignity and solemnity , the grandfather , turning to the child , related to him how their forefathers
had been oppressed in Egypt , and how the Lord had brought them out thence with a mighty arm . He described to him the evening which preceded their flight from Goshen , their busy
preparation , and their anxiety to conceal it from the Egyptians . The lamb was slain and the blood sprinkled on the door-posts , that the destroying angel of the Lord might pass by their houses , when he slew the first-born
of the Egyptians . It was to be pasted , not boiled , that it might be iBoner ready , and strengthen more those who partook of it , it was to be eaten in a standing posture , as by men prepared for instant departure ; it was to be consumed entire ; for the whole people were to quit their dwellings aftd never to return to them : and no bone
of it was to be broken ; for this is the act of men who have time add' leisure for their meal . The' bitter herbs and unleavened bread were then tJatenytUKi
16 " Melon ' Pilgrimage to Jerusalem , " by M . Straws .
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1823, page 16, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1780/page/16/