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of Engisertd ^ w&ifcfe thfc dlvfoes' o £ that Charch veiy > c 6 Hrmoiily t ^ frfi ^ te ^ a& articles to- pra ^ cmfc diversity of opU nioti , and whicfe gife 4 tfty irifcrfease dfc verSity bf dpihioti * as article niade in the days of bigotry by m « a wh *?
had no eriticdl s % ill in the Scrifitufes ; to fetter tke ages 6 f learning and free rnqiiiry $ &nd yet for « i € 50 O per ana ., or less money , therk are men who will subscribe wh 6 will contend for sub * scribing to these same articles , whether ministers beiiere them or
hot-< - Pucjet nbsc opprobria / &c . " I arm delighted with the prospect ) of meeting yo& in u better state , where there are no stfb ^ cViptibtfs to articles required , atr bigotry , nor any thing else to grieve o ? offerid any more . " With great esteem I am , &c . " Gteefccifc Benson /*
When I was in Normand y * four or five years since ^ I met with some letters of Voltaire , in his own hand , relating to the affairs of Calas , which have never been published * * Should you think your Repository a proper place for their reception I will translate them or send them ia French aa you may judge proper . * JAMES MANNING .
« We * fr * M fte fcfcid M twelve tfc&e let tem ; ttfttter In th ^ oHgiftAl of m h ^ ansiirtioi us lflay te ^ , 0 ^ cxmVenient .
' ^ vntfixh' &md af Here 9 p and Mla 9 phe ) hy ., ' \ 32 S
—^ Edinburgh y Sir , J /«^ 9 ^ 1823 . IN the late discussion in Parliament * on tlie presentation of the petition of the Edinburgh JFree-Thinkers , the existing state of the laws seems to
have been mucli iiiisunderfctood both l > y the petitionera > by ]\ Jr . Huiu ^ and l > y the liord Ad ^ oeafee of Scotland , whose professional character oligbii to have insured inore correctness ^ on a subject oa > vhi ^ h he had given advice iu liig official capacity to the Sheriff of JEdinburg-h .
It appears that Mr . Hume and . th ^ petitioriera were under the kOprqssio n ^ that all which wfcs den # by the Sheritf was conjple * ely justified by an Act of the Scottish Parliaoieaty passed v&
1661 , whieii denounced a capital jpenalty first afcaiusV those guilty oJ bmsjfhemy ^ and next njfaiosl TffiMd ivW deny the T ^ ffaky . It afipfcarii ; furkhel , tMl tbf ^ LK > rd AdvoutW &iiited \ t % bftt the law of 1661 svhh vkothiiM by * subsequent stkttite of . tUo Stdttish Pariiarment in 4 G 95 » , toy whicli it was eh&eted , thdt for ^ the first demal of ihk
Trinity a niin was subject t © fine ^ tot the secbiidfta fine and impriaoniDeirti and for the third to death : " Thfei was the law * " saiS hv £ Dordshirj ^ * and until it was repealed they werfe bdtind to respecfc it : 1 % is a law which it would not be very edsy to respect 9 even if it \ v ^ re sti lt in fmti
force ^ but thfrnks to the literal spirit bf the age ^ thefs ^ e Acts no longer dis *> grgEce the Statute-book . On t&e 21 st bf Julyj 181 ^ > aft Act was jjassed by which all the old law ^ in Eh ^ lano ; attatrhing penalties to the denial of the Trinity , ar& repealed ^ and by whick these two Scotch Acts of 1661
and 1695 are both quoted and repeal ed in toto > notwithstanding the respevs which the Lord Advocate seerbs to entertain for them . I think I cannot better testify the gratitude I feel t © the Legislature for this piece of justice and liberality ^ than by endeavouring to VindscaPte it
from the unjust aspersion * proceeding from those ivho Du ^ ht to kriovtf b ^ tter ^ that it is still disposed to prosecute opi * - nions which M . v € been held by many of the greatest defehdera and greatest orn-ainenta of Ghrisimm ^ y by sue& persons as Nathaniel JUardner and Sir ¦ Jjy Isaac Newton :
1 have n ^ d doubt that the ^ rosecu * . tion of Infidels is equally ubjust m J ) rineipte ^ ahd i ^ qtia lly adverse to tfee spiiit of Chriatktiiityv whick nueda n » siioh prbpai I stiall be hi ^> pr to team tliat there are no ufkr ^ pfebied Sc ^ Ubli Adts . which justify nrtdrf&rfences ; tvJtK tidn smd
nerebns t ) f this descri ^ ^ tmJt in Scotland , Christianity restfe elcdlul eively oil the soKtl bams of it ^ omt external and internal ^ idtenfcfcs ; Upok What prihciplfes of lsfw or justice § D ^ kt 6 can be ij ^ p ^^ cd of t > obks wliifth are sbJd in every shop ; and fbiihd M fevery ^ entleman ^ library I canoot at aM iriragmfci .. ¦ <' . ' i ¦ '• ANTITRINPTARHM ;
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), June 2, 1823, page 325, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1785/page/13/