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tavc been urged by the enemies of Servetus . It was no privilege : it was a right , which every one accused could claim- When a
foreigner in . any country is arraigned at the bar of justice , he is entitled to a fair trial , a full defence , according to the laws of the land ; and may claim every mean
in his favour , accorded to every native criminal , except he is especially excluded in the expressed words of the law . But , besides this , to the native inhabitants of Geneva was granted an unusual privilege : when they were condemned in conformity to the
common process of law , when no reprieve could be obtained by the council of two hundred , then they might require the convocation of ail the heads of families ( chefs des families . ) Chapelle , Calvin ' s apologist ,
insinuates , that Calvin opposed this appeal ; that the rights of the consistory , then by many disputed , might not be infringed , " which he apprehended , if this grand council of the republic intermeddled with affairs , which
Calvin considered as purely ecclesiastic !" GorreuS orPerrin stood not alone in this arduous contest ; other members of the senate seconded him , but all in vain . Several of the ministers of Geneva abhorred sincerely this atrocious punishment , and preferred banishment or perpetual imprisonment—but equally in vain . Borrhaus Cellarius , a renowned divine , would never consent to the death of any heretic ; and , though Calvin favoured a capital punishment , he ,
how T ever , declared , iC that he wished it less severe , and petitioned to have it altered / ' But the law to burn heretics was yet in full vigour at Geneva . It was not
in the power of the judges , constitutionally , to alter it ; and Calvin opposed the motion , the only mean to prevent its execution , that thd question should be referred to the council of two hundred .
Servetus was then condemned by a majority of his judges , the 26 Oct . This sentence has been published at large by La Roche and Mosheim , * upon which Venemaf observes ,
3 . That only his erroneous opinions concerning the doctrine of the Trinity and poedo-baptism , with his calumnious expressions about these , doctrines , are mentioned , which are declared horrible , false , and heretical . >
2 . That his doctrine was false and heretical z he an incorrigible heretic , who intended to spread his doctrine by his books * iC He was , therefore , " concludes this 4
great man , c principally condemned as a professed heretic ^ and this his terrible punishment is to be considered as an hetericidej *
This sentence was communicated and read to Servetus the same day , with intimation , that the next it should be put in execution * Was it a wonder , Sir , that Servetus was perplexed and perturbed , hearing such an unexpected and cruel condemnation ? But
what deep rancour must have possessed Calvin ' s soul in those moments , m which dropped front his pen these bitter and unrelenting words : * Now he appeared
? Mem , de JLit&rat . voL ii . Fcbr . n , 200 . p . 75 , 76 , Mosheim , § 49 . p . 117 . f H . JE . torn , vii , p . 474 ,
Sketch of tPie Life of Servetus . —Letter 6 * 385
yo ; l . iu « ' 3 x >
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Aug. 2, 1810, page 385, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2407/page/9/