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T assumed * feutkinvolves another assumption wMch sets at defianqe what have hitherto b § en thought the most certain conclusions of the human mind . •« I will now say one word respecting the moral consequences which are
supposed to follow from the doctrine of Necessity . The ifiost formidable qf these is ,, that it annihilates the accountableness of-man , and renders him an unfit subject of reward and punishment . I shall consider the difficulty as pressing entirely on the side of
punishmenj , and shall observe , that as , according to ^ the Necessitarian system , Jmnishment can operate , on the state of the mind , it may with tl ^ e greatest propriety be applied . But if man had within Ihirn such a capi'icious principle as a self-determining power , the
application of punishment would be improper , because it tvould be useless . What , indeed , has been called vindictive punishment , the doctrine of Necessity does exclude ; but this , instead of beiiig
an objection to the doctrine , is one of its recommendations . Vindictive punishment , it is true , cannot be defended upon any system ; but upon the principles of the Necessitarian it is manifestly and palpably absurd .
It will easily be perceived that I have not written for those who are altogether strangers to the controversy , nor for those who thoroughly understand the subject ; but , i ^ s I intimated above , for those who have conceived that it
cannot be thoroughly understood . And if the light in which it has now been placed shall render it more intelligible to any who have hitherto thoi * ght it obscure and intricate , my end will be answered . *
E . COGAN . P . S . I am aware that I have written jmueh more 'th ® n was necessary ; , but the supposed c ^ tftculty of the s ubj ec t seemed to require that it " should be treated somewhat rat length . Otherwise ~ the argument ( like most other arguments ) iies in a small compass . The Neceasifcwaai ; ^ volition necessarily results from $ hle stat £ of imintl miwhi ^ d . the volition stakes plaee . i W * 6 opponent , to set aside this proposition , contends for a s ^ U ~ deternilmjra power afftUee ^ Hi ieat Ociu ^ e
df volition ? Here a simple question pre 3 ents / i ^ eAf . Qan j&e miadj ^/ t ^ is *** ' tiMg . 9 fiyMffltf j ' & mrtom jfe ^ liiigv ^ r <«« podftton itbftt jprompt ^ th ^ vpliuou ?
* Fact , to j which even a self-determijijjig power injust bow , will answer , Certainl y not . Consequently it cannot will against the state or disposition in which it is at any given time . And here , were impartial reason to decide * the controversy must end .
¦ « , . . ""¦•» ¦ - - % Archbishop TUldison ' s Proftme Adulation . \ , * . 1 / 1
SfR , AIM no infrequent reader of the I English Divines of the Latitudina riaii school / of whom Tillotson m ^ y be considered as the head , and I , profess myself an admirer of the author last named , whom Dr . . Lardner somewhere justly quotes , under the epithets of
< c a good man and a great preacher /* But I confess there are passages in his works , and incidents in his lne , . which grieve me , * and would puzzle me if I did not know the sad influence of dignities , possessed or expected , in
pofitical churches , upon the soimdest understandings and best hearts . No ' lover of liberty can recollect , without a sigh , that he and Burnet tampered with the conscience of the martyred Russell , in order to bewilder him into a dying confession of the abominable doctrine of passive obedience and
non-resi&t-ance . * His " rare piece of Hobbism' * is already explained on your pages , ( Vol . III . p . 148 , ) but as he repented of that pulpit indiscretion , it ought not to be severely urged against his memory . There is a still worse instance of his yielding to the iniquity of the times , which I cannot forbear to point out . I do so , I am sure , with no wish to hurt his excellent name , but merely to sluew in wliat manner the licentiousness of a court may infect , the pulpit , even when most worthily filled , and how offensive to posterity , if not to contemporaries , are all accommodations o £ righteous principles to corrupt political maxims .
Tiliotson ' s Sermon CXCVI ( Svo , edition of his Works , Vol . X ,. p . 267 ) is on <* Our Saviour ' s Ascension , "
preached on Ascension-day , vvhicA happened to be on the 29 th of M # , y , ^ he , Church festival in celebration * pf OhwJes Ilnd ^ s ile ^ toiration . After rejadi ^ g his * . ¦
* In extenuation of ^ rillotson ' s , conduct it should be remem ^ eiM that he [ haapeid , fay ^ extortfejtg ; a ^ political confc ^ riionffeqtiii thord UmmJl ^ tb ^ t , § hoiild fee >^ g » 5 e ^ iyte | to theiCo ^ r ^ tPHPa ^ e ^ rlife . ^ B *?* - (!
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Jan. 2, 1820, page 11, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2484/page/11/