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exertions for his own and for ttfe general good , while he receives in return every blessing which the protection of society can confer ;—a beautiful system of equality , derived from the rights of nature , and adorned by the influence of philosophy . The high end of our
Democracy should be to effect the greatest possible union of sentiments and feelings , of moral strength , to make society , as it were , a brotherhood ; such a brotherhood must be raised ^ on the foundation of the greatest possible virtue , which is the only root of so
lovely a union . * ' ISuch are y our duties—such be your cares ! Mark what a mighty influence such principles must have on the virtue and the happiness of man . A civil equality , a regulated liberty , affection and peace deli g htfully blended , these are the essentials , these are the honour
of the Democratic form of governments . Other systems may be satisfied with minor virtues ; but all these are required by ours : to be genuine Democrats you must be citizens of genuine virtue ; study , follow the gospel , and you will be the joy of the Republic .
" Bow down with me , my brethren , before the inscrutable designs of Providence . Let the Catholic religion be the object most precious to your heart , to your devotion , to all your feelings . Believe not that it is opposed to a Democratic government . Live united
to your Saviour , and you may indulge the hope of eternal happiness 3 you will secure your own temporal welldoing and that of your fellow-men ; you will honour the Republic and those who direct it . Yes ! my dear brethren , be good Christians , and you will be the best Democrats . * €€
And you , my beloved co-labourers , to whom ure assigned the different portions of iny Christian flock , —you , who bear with me the spiritual weight of the people of God , —unite with me
to support the Catholic religion , and use every effort , that the followers of Jesus Clirist may be obedient to the magistrates and to the Republic . "
* Si , miei casi Fratelli , siate buoni Cristiani e sarete ottimi Democratic ! .
594 On Academical Honours .
Sin , September 1 , 1820 . CAMBRIDGE man , [ p . 344 , ] A proud , no doubt , of the honour of his Alma Mater , appears to be somewhat angry because one of our Dissenting body is said to have received collegiate honours from beyond the mighty Atlantic waters ; and he asks ,
how many of our brethren plume themselves upon what he is pleased to regard as half-fledged dignities . I am not aware that literary distinctions are the more valuable because they spring up in a soil that is subject to the regulations of the King of Great Britain ;
but 1 know that our English dignitaries have not unfrequently shone in lights borrowed from the universities of the continent , and I can see no reason why your cis-atiantic correspondent should speak in so slighting a manner of those that emanate from
American professors . Every thing in this life has a comparative value ; and if the Colleges of Oxford gave titles of honour in the days of Alfred , the College of Jesuits at Rome might , with much better reason , have ridiculed in those days the honours worn by our Saxon forefathers , than any one can
now disdain the growing science and taste of American society . Brown University in Rhode Island , and that of Columbia in . Carolina , and others which are rising on those desert spots where but lately the backwoodsman hunted the deer and lived in his
wigwam , are , I conceive , beyond comparison more eminent when compared with an English university , than was Oxford when compared with Rome in the days of Alfred . Can those seats of learning alone be wise which are loaded with wealth ? Let them speak for themselves . Even in them , it is the
servitors , the sizers , who are generally the best scholars , and have turned out the cleverest men . Can a Magister Artium , or a Doctor Divinitatis , have a legalized existence only where royal favours are bestowed ? There is
something ultra-royal in all this . Alas ! for poor America , if monarchy alone can f ive literary honours ! Alas ! for that tate which thinks itself wise in incurring only those expenses in its
government which Milton calls " the trappings of a monarchy" ! If they do not renounce all pretensions to learning , they must at least resign the imaginary plumes of science and of the arts .
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Dec. 2, 1820, page 694, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2495/page/6/