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662 i Mr . BakeweWs Defen ^ fif the Genevese Pastors * &c . *
servances of fast-days and 8 ab ™|^ l , were far , veiy fer ^ irom beingpffie ' righteous people Dr ; Smith would represent them . ; 2 ndly , That so far from the Geneveseof the present day having become corrupt , irreligious and dissolute ,
since their departure from : the faith of Calvin , they are particularly distinguished among theanhatutants o £ other cities , of Europe , for the correctness of their moral conduct , and for the care they bestow on tjie r $ l | -
less irreligion or blasphemy , than in Geneva ; and to aid him in the comparison , I have directed his attention to Edinburgh , and to the Calvinists in England and elsewhere .
gious education of the youth of both sexes . : ' , 3 rdly , I have challenged , and still challenge Dr . Smith to name any populous city , where Calvinism is the dominant or prevailing religion , and where there is less vice and profligacy ,
The whole of Dr * Smith ' s charges are founded on the assumption that the Genevese are more morally corrupt than the Calvinistic inhabitants of other large cities . He says to them , almost in direct words , "Stand off ye pastors and people of Geneva , for WE ARE HOLIER THAN YE :
thank God we have not , like you , abandoned the faith of Calvin , and are not like you , dissolute , profligate , irreligious and blasphemous . " I trust I have shewn , to the satisfaction of your readers , that this assumption resembles very closely the vain-glorious boasting of the Pharisee * Justice now
imperiously demands that some notice should be taken of the outrageous attack made by Dr . Smith on the moral character of M . Cheneviere , a minister of the gospel , most highly and deservedly esteemed by his fellowcitizens . The attack has been
admitted into the pages of the Repository ; admission cannot l > e refused to an Exposure of its grossness and injustice ; the character of an unprotected foreigner ought not to be defamed with impunity . M . Cheneviere , in his " Summary of the Religious
Controversies in Geneva , ' had occasion to refer to the translation of an English work , called " The Refuge , " and has given a concise account of part of its contents ; this has drawn upon him the most slanderous and virulent
abuse that was perhaps e ? # r pc ^ sd forth by a Christian minister oi * the head of a brother ; The mentis of the parties . will be clearly spen by placing the passage from the Refuge anct M * Chenevifere ' s explanation in italic ^ and Dr . Smith ' s comments below :
M . Chenevidre . - ** Mr . Haldane waged war so indiscreetly against good works , that they we ^ e spbken of ^ foiih disdain in the discourses of his adherents , and in the pamphlets circulated to perpetuate Ms influence , after his departure . In so licentious a manner was it common
to treat this subject , that m young ecclesiastic did not blush to translate into French and to publish Tije Refuoe , in which we read in so many
words , that the man most deeply stained with crimes , and the man who has performed the greatest number of good worKs , are perfectly equal 'in the sight of God . "
Extract from " The Refuge . " See Mon . Repos . 469 , quoted by Dr . J . P . Smith . \ " Suppose a character among the
apostate sons of Adam , in whom re * sides all the moral excellency that ever dignified human nature since the fall ; and , on the other hand , one in whom concentres all the moral evil
committed since that fatal period ; and it will be found on examination , that in point of justification before God , they stand on a perfect level . The accumulated virtue of the
former , if pleaded as that which might render him acceptable to his Judge , would avail nothing ; nor would the enormous guilt of the latter , simply considered , be an obstacle to the bestowment of grace and glory . "
Such are the words in the Refuge , and such the meaning which M . Chenevifere attaches to them , and such would , I fully believe , be the explanation given of the passage , by four-fifths of those who understand
the English language , were they required to explain it . Now ptease to mark Dr . Smith , he says , " / take my stand on the insulated passage ( frorn the Refyge ) itself , ana affirm that M . Cheneviere could not have
written what he has done , without deliberate fraud ! He must have know ® that while he was writing so and so , ' we read in so manu words , ' he ums
Monthly Repository (1806-1838) and Unitarian Chronicle (1832-1833), Nov. 2, 1824, page 662, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/mruc/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2530/page/22/