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THE NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY, MAY 30, 1840.
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jxuom t \ I iTtftySOUS KEWS , O'Brien's Family . —Men of London ! & public m eetin g will t * ke place on Tuesday evsning next , i j- gne " 2 nd , at eight o ' clock , for the benefit of the ; . fl-jfe and family of Bronterre O'Brien , at the Falcon ; Coffee House , &tar Corner , Bermondsey . The chair \ Till be taken by a Chartist of twenty years standing , i j . Walker , sec . pro tern . ; Tss Stockton Joist Stock Provision Stork . — I Jhe members of the Stockton Joint Stock Provision i Store yeld a general meeting on the 12 : h ins ; ., to I deliver oat their rules , and to make a statement of : its prosperity . It is now an enrolled society ; there- ; ^_ IKISCBIiAWEOUS KEWS .
fore , we trn : t it will go on well . ! Removal of the Remains of Napoleon to : France . —Active preparations are in progress at the j Ministry of Marine , Paris , for the transportation of i the remains of Napoleon from Sl . Helena to France , j It appear 5 that the corvette Faxxiurite will accom- j pany the Belle Peule frigate in the expedition . The 1 corvette is to be fitted out as a chapelie ardenie , ; and it is on board of her that the coffin will be i deposited . I
The French Republican journals , who are de-Sirous to stir up the Parisians upon the subject of I the removal of Napoleon ' s remains , have launched j some severe articles against Louis Philippe . Old Sonlt has also come in for his share . One of the I documents republished by the National is the Proclamation of ihe Marshal , in 1816 , in which he calls Napoleon an usurper , a madman , and an unprinciplsd cespot . This is rather an awkward reminiscence . How will the old fellow look after this , when attending at the ceremonial at the Invalides ? Ltmow Election . —The Tories have succeeded in renaming their member . The following was the final result : —Botfield , 201 ; Larpent , 160 ; Majority , forty-one .
Caksridge Election . —At the conclusion of the poll the numbers were for Grant ( Tory ) 745 ; Siarkie ¦ ( Whig ) 6 o 2 ; majority S 3 . " j Ms . Hobsxan , M . P . for Cockermouth , has been appoin : ed the new Lord of the Treasury , in the room of Mr . Sttuan . We belieTe that this appointment has taken place at the express wish of the ; Queen . . JLr . Haeland has intimated to the electors of I Durham bis intention of retiring &i ihe end of the i Session from the representation . Has the Lord of ! Lambton any hand in this ? Has Mr . Harland re- ceited notice to make room for Mr . Grainger ?
Morijos , tbb htgeist , who died s few days ago ] st Pans , took fifty of hi 3 own pills on the dftf of his I .-geath . . few doctors have so much faith in their own j S ^ gft ^ criptions . i IT -GocKESLuorxH EiEcriON . —General Wyndham , the 1 * Btm of the Lite Ijbrd E ^ remont , and . who inherited . ths Westmorland estates of the deceased Lord , is the ' . -Conservative ca $ di ) jkte for Cockermouth . I The Hops 1 b Xent are so Juxoriau ^ , in conse- ! quecce of the Uttt xaiss , that ' ' tjr * 1 | jflr | fli 1 -whether < - the farmers wiDUbe able ^ itpj $£ to $ Mitfc sufficient -expedition to prevent theii -fln | w& . * ? j of
On Jsatcrdat ift&t somfc ^ fers- wheat were cut from a field partoily , i $ . ear , betweedtnis town and Saoreham ! It is a riaSj wdeedatnWKWt unparalleled , thing , to see rh TtMf nf ~ nrlMm ^ JlTii ^ . and it shows the effect ofQ » la&mdai ^ MittSr?— Brighten Gazette . The Sale of Sir Simon Clarke ' s pictures , which ¦ c oncluded on Saturday week , produced . £ 29 , 000 . One of them , The Good Shepherd , " by MuriUo " , tcs bought by Mr . Rothschild , for £ 3 , 045 , and another , by tie same artist , " The Infent Saint John , " was purchased by Lord Ashboxton , for £ 2 . 010 .
JRailwax Sj * ei > . —On the 29 th nit ., two profes- i Sivnl ffH ^ pi engaged in the work of the Eastern j Counties Jftfeay having arrived at the Romford f ^^ ^^ MLItUn » tea *«> late for the train , they I iB ^ MM ^ I ^ * & engiae and carriage eepeci-- » flT ^ j * yB % *« Mwey * nee , and arrived at their destij 2 HfrP " ^ *»* M * i eleven minutes , having travelled JWM »^ p * a 4 » half in that short space of time , — The I 5 HAMX 1 STS of Jeraey are bestirring them- i selres with % witness in tke / jwfenn of their laws -of i *** " *»« £ . Pf ^ w ^ P" 9 ^ r « mR other things 1 Sot th * abrfit »»« f 4 l »» i ^ afcflftSfenfcip , ha 3 already 1 teomt& t , MfHwwfnl-aatjfjg % &e * te& to receive J
The Exwbssb-ot Hex Majestt ' s Marriage . — The amount to be defrayed out of the pubiie fund , j for the expense of her Majesty ' s marriage , is ! £ 9 , 226 ; of which £ 4 , 708 were spent in altering the Chapel Royal of St . James ' s ; £ 680 for illuminating i . the public offices ; £ 2 , 115 for opening all the theatres . The last item in the account is £ 1 , 723 , bring the ' ¦ expenses incurred for the journey of Prince Albert to this country . ' Tespeb ^ sce in Iceland . —On the first of this i "• monrb , th ~ e £ reat Cork Total Abstinence Society , of which father Mathew 13 the president , numbered no fever than 1 , 202 , 628 members ; that there are also j enrolled in Connaught about 200 , 000 , in Wexford ' 75 , 000 , and in Dublin 70 , 000 ; making a grand tc : al ] ( cheering indeed to the friends of Ireland and her j moral elevation ) of more thw s ~ ntimen anf a haffi iniimduals who have voluntarily engaged to abstain ' from ali intoxicating drinks . I
Ji ^ LLorsT ^ and Suicide . —On Monday morning , tie dead body of a man named Nutter , a plasterer , who for some time resided in Grotto-passage , near ilarjiebone Police Court , was picked up in the Regent ' Canal , in which , to all appearance , it had been several days . The unfortunate man was , on "f t edsescay la ^ t , told by a neighbour , that his wife wa ? inconstant to him , which intelligence preyed so ttuch upon his mind that on the following morning is uuitted home , and committed the suicidal deed '
Chaktism in England . —Chartism in England is no : pat down , but seems to overspread the whole country ; and while the magistrates are every where incarcerating them with --hameful barbariry , s :. ! l the masses are flocking to ' . he standard of ChartL-m It was right to condemn a physical force movement ; bet snrsly when men are seized , and thrown into dungeons for using constitutional language , the honest portion of society ou ^ ht to expreis their disapprobation of such tyranny . — World , ( Dub . in
Wood Pavement . —The laying down of wood pavement has become an object of attraction , not oniT for its cheapness , durability , and usefulness , but aiiu iur its unique appearance . The principles of tne invention are simple , and cannot fail to be aucp ' . ed in ali our great leading thorougfares ; besdei , the plan is already fully apreciaied by the ? pe : ^ -ens produced at Buckingham Pakce and ( J xiord-sireet ; at the latter spot 2 . UU 0 more vards are about to be laid down—a proof of its" well
. " 7 c ^ ' > 'ow contidentlt stat-e that the BirttiEgnam and Gloucester Railway will be opened on or beiore the first o : ' July next , " from Barnt-green , e . even miles from this town , to Cheltenham . Conjeyinces will be furnished by the company to perform the intermediate distance , and by the end of the year it is fully calculated that the whole line * nil be completed and opened to the public from Birmingham to Cheltenham— ArWs Birmingham Gazelle .
A lamentable circumstance twk place at Forest-? 3 eer ) ? . Vc k ' ey , Surrty , on Tuesday ie'iiinsht , wheri the cmid of a person , named \ V . Coleraan , who keeps a small public-house at the above village , craEK the remaining eoatents of a bor . ie of brandv ' , iJ > oui naif a pint , the effects of which produced her death . The child was about six years of a ^ e , aad , indiDgthe bcttie on the drawers in her mother ' s bed-? ' > om , had emptied it . She lingered some hours in the utmost agonv .
Sale of a v > ife- —Oa Sv . urday last , one of tho = e disgraceful exhibition' of a man selling his wife was about to take place in Yarnjo'Jth . but the same coming : o the knowledge of Mr . Rust , the serieant of police , he went to the parties just bek . re" the sale was to have corameccad , and stopped the procee ^ -ing 5 . The woman was afterwarus sold fGr a F ^' nea , The man who sold the woman is earned Charles Kisby , and the man who boasht her , Thomas Foster , beer-shop keeper , both of Wisbech High Fen .
Romantic Sticids . —A native of Zurich committed s ^' -cide a lew days sice * , and chose for the scene of his project the " falls of the Rhine at Scaffhaiisen . Be walked into the water below the falls up to his Y > ii t , and then pulled the trigger of his pistol . It cid Dot go off , however ; and , coolly returning to the shore to get a new cap for the pistol , he &gain weni into the water , and * effected his purpose . Stoppage of the Ramsgate Old Bank . —In con-Hqnence of the astounding announcement , posted at Austin ' s Ramsgate Old Bank , this morning ( Wednesday ) , that " the business of this bank is suspended , " the inhabitants generally are panic-struck , as such a circumstance has always been thought impossible ; and such is the consternation among all ^ sses , that the verity of the fact was disbeliev-ed till ine announcement was witnessed .
Death of an Old Police Offices .. —Died on V > ednesday evening , at bis residence , Chapel-place , O xford-street , Mr . bamuel Plank , who was for nearly thirty y » ars connected with the police establishment , * £ < i for a consideraile portion of that time as chief unstable at Marlborough-street . Plank , in early j ^ " -, serred on board a King ' s ship , and signaii = ed aunself en several occasions . Tee aarival of a steam-coach yesterday aftera&on close after the dav mail , which came in at a *? Pid pace of ten or fifteen minutes before its usual fcffie , excited no ordinary degree of interest . We tndrrs taLd that the ccuductors i-urted from Cam-^ 'K ' fcli at five minutes before eleven , and leached Br . ghton at twenty-minutes after four . They made E -x stoppages to take in water , which occupied them twenty minutes each time , so that the journey , exclcsivel y of stoppages , took about three hours . — ¦^ n ^ A / cn Gazette .
SOUTH DURHAM AGITATION . South Chcech . —A numerous meeting was held ' here last Saturday , when three classes , consisting of tea members each , were enrolled , and paid twopence each to commence with , and agreed to subscribe one penny per week in future . A gentleman has kmdly offered us his granary to meet in , which we hope will be the means of uniting the good men and true of this place in the holy bond 3 of their Charter . Bishop Auckland—Seven classes have been formed here . The cause progresses . Upwards of thirty pounds have been subscribed in shares to purchase a > plot of land for the purpose of erecting a reopie s Hall , and thus enable them to be independent-of the paltry fools who think to destroy our princip l es by depriving us of a room to meet in . Our friend 3 ir . Binns will soon have to pay the penaltv oi being an honest man , by herdinc with Mnm in '» SOUTH DURHAM AGITATION . I
gaol , but he has kindled the watch fires of truth and liberty m many a poor man ' s home , and taught the sons of sires" to emulate the deeds of natare ' s true nobiiny . W ellington is an object of contempt with them ,. tor all the glittering pageantry that surrounds hl , DS—Russell is hated , because he bears a name which he has tarnished with cruelty . But talk to them of the-nrtiious Emmett—the devoted Sidneythe exiled Frost , or the brave and patriotic Fear ™ U Oonnor , and their young hearts bum with indignation at their dishonourable doom and " blush for the patience of humanity /'
: i TT v KLa * - —^ x classes are enrolled here , ana the work goes on gloriously . I Toft-Hill and Etherley . -Wc are glad to hear J that a class has been formed in this pcor ignorant I place . The very dead are coming to life a ^ ain ; through the divme principles of our Charter . When the working men are thus becoming volunteers in ; suchacanse , and at Etherley , there is hope forEn * . i xand . Go on ye glorious few , for u The race % t always to the swift , nor the battle to the
The Life-Boat House . —Mr . Binns addressed the largest assembly that we have had , for some months , on Sunday last , at this place . He was well received by his fellow-townsmen . Another large assembly collected together at six o ' clock in the evening at the same place , and Mr . B . addressed them with much force . "We believe the intelligent men-of bunderland will rally again with redoubled energy , for " Universal Suffrage and no surrender . " , Newcastle , —Mr . Binns addressed a . large as-: semoly OMhe people of NewrasfTennrS ' BeBday iasL . and was well received . / Thb Batts . —A lecture will be deHTered by Mr . Bmns at fhis place , on Sunday ( to-morrow ) , at two o clock in the afternoon . Evenwood . —Mr . George Binn 3 will visit this place to-morrow ( Sunday ) , at ten o ' clock in the morning , when he will address the people .
Bishop Auckland Biuss Band . —This excellent band ha 3 been broken up . through the stupid crotchet ot one of the musicians , that a wooden band was preferable .
KINROSS . Glorious Defeat of the Corn Law Humbugs . — A public meeting was held in the Rev . James Leishman s meeting-house , on the 20 th ult ., to consider the propriety of petitioning Parliament for a total abolition of the Corn Laws , The chair was occupied by Mr . John Dease , who opened the meeting by shortly descanting npon the evil effects of these lxm npon our commerce , when , witbont eren a solitary preliminary resolution , a petition , founded on the above , was read , moved , and seconded . The Chartists , who are , comparatively speaking , a Email but determined body , then commenced fire , by moving-a rider to the petition , namely— "That while we cordially concur in the immediate and total repeal of the Corn Laws , we , at the same time , feel deeply convinced that the interests of the whole
people win never be attended to until every man of sane mind , untainted with crime , and having attained the yeare of his majority , shall be represented in the Commons' House of Parliament . " This was the signal for a volley of Whig abuse . The mover of the rider shewed the utter impracticability of obtaining a repeal of the Corn Laws from the Houses of Parliament , as at present constituted , during which the Caainnan very unreasonably got up , when the meeting was orderly , and attempted to ( as was afterwards understood ) caution them to keep order , when he was met with cries of "Down , down . " The meeting now got into an uproar ; anJ at length the Chairman was ejected by the managers of the meeting-hoase , in order to quell the disturbance . Jhua « Bded in smoke one of the many Whig attempts ¦ faySMpress Chartism , an ^ divert the people from the atUiament of their , natural rights .
FEARGXJS O'CONNOR'S PETITION . The . following petition has been sent by Mr . O'Connor , to' Serjeaat Talpoukd , for presentation to the " House . " To the Right Honourable and Honourable the Knights , Citizens , and Bvrjes ? cs , in Parliament assembled . The humble Petition of Feargua O'Connor , Esquire , Barrister-at-law , and now a prisoner in York Castle ,
Shxweth , —That your petitioner waa convicted , of pubHstrfngasedltiottspolities ! Kbel , inan 6 wspaperfel )< a ^ The Northern Star and Leeds General Advert i ^ r , atlte last ' A * sizes at York , and that in pursuance of the verdict then obtained against petitioner , he was sentenced upon the 11 th of May , 1840 , by the Court of Queen ' s Bench , to Eighteen Months Imprisonment in York Castle , and to be held in custody , until he shall procure sureties for two years good behaviour , himself in £ 300 , and two sureties in £ 150 each . That vour petitioner had been seriously indisposed for sume time previously , and at the time of receiving said judgment , -and that Mr . Anthonv Todil Thomson , M . D , and Mr .
Jaqne , surgeon , of Hammersmith , both attended petitioner , the latter for a period of live years . That each . of the above-named gentleman made an affidavit , stating that imprisonment according to the usual prisan discipline and the loss of exercise , would by the foundation of disease which vrou ' . d shorten the life of petitioner . That such affidavits , together with the certificate of Mr . Cooper , surgeon , of the Queen ' s Bench prison , were transmitted to the Marquis of Xormanby , with an affidavit an . l memorial from petitioner , praying lhat his ptrson may be confined in the Queen ' s Bench prison instead of Yurk Castle . To which memorial , the Marquis of Normanby refused to assent .
Thit ons of the charges upon which your petitioner was convicted , "svas a speech of your petitioner delivered at Rochdale , in the Connty of Lancaster , and for the reporting of which the reporter was discharged , he never before having reported the proceedings at a public meeting , and b-. ing merely on trial , which facts ¦ were fully set forth in an affidavit made by the said reporter . That the speech alluded to , was published at a time when your petitioner was in attendance at the assizes of York , and -which speech your petitioner deciares he never saw in print until after an Ej Ujneic information had b # en fiied by the Attornev-General
That your petitioner was also found guilty of publishing thesp « . * cbof Mr . O'Brien , although , as asserted by your ufctitijnirr up ' .. n receiving judgment , and which is the fact , the * a " . d speech \ ris unly published in the fixsi edition of the y < , rlhtm .
That your petitioner vras ai » j ruuua gum . , r ^ a . . publication of some resolutions passc-d at a public meeting at Newcastle , and which were copied from , and acknowledged to be taken from , the Time Mercury . That your petitioner was also found guilty of the publication of the speech of one "William Taylor , and ¦! which speech your petitioner did not defend , either j upon trial , or in his speech in mitigation of punish- ( ment Your petitioner most solemnly declares that he ' Sid not male the speech published for his speech as ; delivered at Kochdale- At the same time your peti- ; tioner confidently appeals to your Honourable House , while he asserts that in such speech there is not one . sentence of libel . ¦
Y'our petitioner laid before the Court in mitigation of punishment affidavits from about four hundred respectable persons , from various towns where petitioner had ' been in the habit of addressing public meetings . That many of such affidavits were sworn to by persons of great wealth and respectability , and all deposed that for many years they had been in the habit of hearing petitioner at public meetings , and that they always considered that such speeches were eminently conducive in dissuadii $ the people from a recourse to physical force , or any violation of the law . That many of the deponeEts declared that they were opposed to your petitioner in political principle , and merely came farward from a love of justice .
That in consequence of the judgment of the Court of Queen ' Bench , your petitioner was consigned to the custody of the Governor of York Castle , on Tuesday , the 19 th of May , at ten o ' clock at ni ^ ht That your petitioner waa first deprived of his- money and a few newspapers , and after being examined by a physician ,
was' conducted to a stone cell seven-and-a half feet long and four feet ten inches wide , about eight feet high , the door up to the petitioner ' s chin , and only -wide enough to admit your petitioner sideways ; an iron bedstead not near the width of petitioner , a thin flock bed not as long aa petitioner , and the usual number of blankets , with a horse rug for a counterpane , were then shown to petitioner , which , with a black pot , composed tbe furniture . That the Governor very kindly allowed one of the turnkeys to teach your petitioner how to mate the most of the bed , and then your petitioner was locked , bolted , and barred into the said "
dreary and solitary eel ! . Tint your petitioner had neither sheets , pillow , bolster , nor chairs . The window very small , and the aperture nearly filled with strongly bolted iron . At seven o ' clock , your petitioner was roused up , and was obliged to arrange and fold up his bed and bed clothes , and then to follow a turnkey to the day-room , with his chamber pot in his hand , and which he was compelled to wash , and keep till summoned to bed . That at eight o'clock , your petitioner -was summoned to breakfast , and was in turn of his ward placed in a line , composed of murderers , robbers , forgers , and felons of every description , all of whom were dressed in the prison dress .
That your petitioner could not eat the prison fare . That at ten your petitioner was summoned to chapel , and was locked up with the others in a grated pew to hear service . That at twelve your petitioner was summoued to dinner , when he again took his stand in tho felon ' s rank , and a black pot and wooden spoon , indiscriminately used by all , were placed before him , but he could not eat . That the surgeon , in consequence of petitioner ' s bad health , ordered your petitioner some tea
one ounce per week for fourteen times , and one half pound of sugar , being the giol allowance . That Mr . Hague , one of the visiting magistrates , saw petitioner , and gave him the choice of being in a ward alone , or of having two men convicted , the one of felony , and the other of theft , in the w&rd with petitioner . That petitioner -Wm eonypelled tp prefer the society of felons to the solitary ^ system . and has , consequently , had two felons as his only associates . " ¦ "
That the rules oi the prison impose upon your petitioner the duty of washing , scouring , dry rubbing ^ , sweeping , and cleaning tho passages , cell / day-room / and yard . That your petitioner haa just assisted in thoj gentlemanly occupation of cleansing tho felons' privy . That there are many prisoners now in York Castle . Two for abduction of a female , thirteen years of age . One for rape upon a girl tfti' years of age . One for stabbing , and many for felony of various
descriptions , and of all the before-named prisoners the sentence of your petitioner is the longest by six months . That the two persons confined in the same ward with petiijioner , for felony , have only received , one tliree months , and the other four months imprisonment , "while your petitioner has received eighteen months for * political libel , with bonds for six hundred pounds for two years' good behaviour . That your petitioner ,: with confidence , appeals to those Members who served with him for three years in the House of Commons—to the
Irish Bar , of which he has the honour to be a member —and to every portion of society in which he har moved—that there is not in society a better be ^ baved , a more humane , or a better tempered man . That your petitioner btt stood three contested elections , one parliaments ^ committee , and five p » . secutiona since the pairing dt the Reform Bill V That your petitioner has conducted as counsel more ' contested elections than any man of hia frof&Hoi * and elections where par ty spirit ranTiighest . ;' That your petitioner has been the proprietor of A newspaper circulating four times as widely aa any other provincial journal .
And your petitioner proudly states that in the discharge of those several duties , he has nerfet yet bad a $ angry word , or a single contradiction "with any ? man . That he has not been called upon to ! retract a single word bo has ever uttered , and that hs has not made the press a vehicle for wounding the feelings of his political or personal enemies . That , notwithstanding , your petitioner is treated , in every sense of the word , with the exception of being allowed to wear his own clathes , as a common murderer . That the rules of . the prison only admit relations to visit prisoner * , and your petitioner , being an Irishman , has no relations in this country , and , consequently , cannot expect to see others than gaolers and tnrnksys for eighteen months .
^ . That your petitioner is atill the proprietor of the Northern Star newspaper , and is liable for every-JfeteSf jg-jnied ^ in- ' ' it , -while" he is- not aTJSWefl to m » ffc ' That t& ftmtlwjl if rg a ^ fc ^ eo ^ qEgM petitioner many thousands a year , over wb . iab . he has now no control . ' " - : That your petitioner is shaved twice ft week , and takes his turn of lather brush and razor after the felons .
That he washes with the same towel , and has all things in common with them . That he has only stone benches to sit upon , and a hole in tho wall at which he must stand to write . That all his correspondence is handed open for tho perusal of the Governor , and his letters are delivered open , after being perused . Tkit he has been kindly allowed to place his bed upon the cold stone floor , the iron bedstead being too narrow for his size .
, Your petitioner is locked up at seven o ' clock in the evening in his cell , and remains there till seven tho ] following morning . j Your petitioner has always lived in the best society , , and has always conducted himself as a gentleman . He i has never Veen plaintiff or defendant in writ or action , but at the suit of the present Attorney-General ; neither i has he , in the course of his life , violated the common or statute law of the land . Therefore , your petitioner ( considers that , for an undefined crime , he is suffering more punishment , and more degrading and insulting ' treatment , than any man has ever been subjected to , in this or any other country , for the mere publication of libel .
Your petitioner haa not been prosecuted for any original matter published in the Sorthcrn Star , and your petitioner submits tbat there is a great difference between a deliberately-written and published libel , and the mere publication of matter of news . Your petitioner stands indicted for another political offence , and is to take his trial at the next Liverpool Assizes , and yet the solicitor of your petitioner has been refused access to him . The health of your petitioner is , and has for some time been , very bad , in consequence of having ruptured two blood vessels in the chest in the course of one week in last year . Your petitioner is now labouring under rheumatism , which affects his iimbs and bones , and also under a severe affection of thu chest and left side .
Your petitioner ' s sight has become greatly impaired during his imprisonment in York Castle ; and upon the whole , the degradation and mental agony to which your petitioner is subjected , must materially injure the health and shorten the life of your petitioner . Your petitioner does not mention the food to which i . < . i * . ~ v , Htie ( i ( nor the mode of its service . He has no complaint to make of any oi utose in autnonty over him ; but on the contrary , while the Governor rigidly adheres to the letter of the prison rules , he administers the greatest severity with such becoming delicacy as to make oppression less galling .
Your petitioner does not ask for a remission of any rx ) xtion of his sentence , while your petitioner begs to remind your Honourable House of the great alterations recently made in the criminal code ; that by such alteration the crime of forging is no longer punishable with death ; and while , at the present moment , two men named Holroyd are now suffering only two years' imprisonment in York Castle for very extensive forgery , after bankruptcy , your petitioner , for an undefined offence , is sentenced for eighteen months , and subject to precisely the same rules . Thus , while others are daily receiving the benefit of the clemency of the present » age , your petitioner is suffering a greater amount of ! punishment , ill treatment , insult , and degradation ,
than has ever before been imposed upon a person convicted of a like offence . Your petitioner , therefore , prays that your Honourable House will present an humble address to her Majesty , praying that her Majesty may be graeiously pleased to order that your petitioner be committed , for the remainder of the terai of eighteen months , to the Queen ' s Bench , in crder that your petitioner may be near those pjysii cans who understand his constitution , and have 1 been in the habit of attending him . j And your petitlsoar , as in duty bound , will j ever pray . York , May 23 , 1840 . IEAKGUS O'CONNOR . L
" CHARTISM UNMASKED . " Ip there be an object upon which it is right that the honest mind should pour forth a plenteous libation of contempt and loathing , it ia to be found in him who , pretending to respectability and learning , prostitutes his power and influence to the cause of vice ; especially if to this be added the disgusting cant of friendly solicitude for the interesta and well-being of those upon whom ho gloses to betray . And when , over all , is flung the ecclesiastic mantle , and relij ^ on ' s sacred name and offices are made subservient'to the worst purposes of the infernal crew , the revolting picture is complete , and mind can scarce conceive an object more thoroughly detestable .
These remarks have been drawn from us by the reading of a pamphlet , lately published in Wales , under the title | £ " Chartism unmasked , " by a right trusty followe / ipf Satan , a parson of that principality , named A « Nkins . This pamphlet was sent to us some time ago , by a friend in the principality , and should have been noticed before now , but has been mislaid ; now , however , that it has again come into our hand ? , we purpose to occupy some little space in the development of its merits , as wo think it a ^ reat pity that so valuable a friend to " the poor ^ as the R « v . E . Jenki . vs , Incumbent Minister orDowlaia , the author of this unique produQtioii , should be : —
, *• " To fortune and to fame unknown . " To a little of the latter we can , perhaps , help him , by the transmission of his name , through the medium of our columns , to the ears of thousands , who would otherwise have never heard it ; and for the former , we h * ve no doubt that the master whom he serves , an * his r-wrecious deputies , the money factions , will tak&iai ^ Tb& substance of this atrocious libel purports to
WtefieM delivered at Dowlais Church , on the 17 th « T » vember last , as a sermon on the subject of Chafpm , and to have been afterwards printed at thtfrtqiiest of somo of those who heard it ; tha Rev . W ^ Sbr ' addiug to it iu print , " matter which would bot have been compatible with the dignity and MfcredneES of the . pulpit . " Tho author tells us , in hia ^ introductory note , that "the tract is intended principally for the perusal of the poor , " and that he has , therefore , " endeavoured to make it as obvious
r a argument , as simple in matter , and as unadorned in style , as possible ; " and he goes on most piously to pray that God may : — wnder his feeble attempt effectual to the accomplishmnt of its important design ; namely , to convince his Molded countrymen thut it is their duty , as well as pr ivilege , at once , and for ever , to abandon those ways and practices that lend to certain misery and wretchedness in this life , aud to eternal woe and lamentation in tie world to como ! " This is a moderately modest mode of croating a prejudice at the commencement . Doubtkss , the principles , denounced under such auspices would be
» t . once repudiated by " the poor , " who had so far Jfi jrought upon the compassion of a clergyman as to iiduce him to lay aside his habits of indolence , and ( has usual style of elegance to compose a tract " as obfious in argument , as simple in matter , and as unadorned in stylo , as possible . " How , indeed , could Chartism , or any other ism , stand against such odds ? When tho " exquisite" in literature , though habitually soaring into obscurity , wrapping himself in complexity , and wantoning in erudition and adornment , comes down from hiB high stilts , and condeseends , for ^ heir instruction , to be " obviou 3 , " " simple , " and " uiadorned" ! It is quite clear that hia words must
be / received at once as tho decision of an oracle debsrrihg further question ! This is the style of insolence in which "tho poor" are usually addressed by the proud pastors of the state church—the wolves in shepherd ' s garb—who desecrate Christ ' s fold , that they may iieeco his flock . An able writer has observed , that a large portion of the clergy seem to consider that : — " Tho poor are fools and ought to be slaves ; and with this notion in their heads , as an undoubted truth , they lecture the lower orders in their tracts and pamphlets , in the style that foolish % tq ^ e ^ frig ) tten children with a great toggelbo , or a wicked 5 httnney ^ sw »« per -that ia very jar . uel * 0 naughty boys . "
Of such is he whoso " obvious argument , simple matter , and unadorned style" are hero offered to the enlightenment of " the poor . " After bespeaking the attention of his readers this Reverend concentration of all that is " obvious , simple , and unadorned , " proceeds : — " The doctrines taught and urged by tho Chartist leaders , are as'diametHcally opposed to the doctrines revealed in the eternal Word of Ood , as tho north is to the south . This will appear quite evident to every one that will examine tho volumes of creation and inspiration . The Chartist leaders preach and teach the doctrine of " equality ; " but , we have no such doctrine taught us by the Book of Nature , or by tho Book of God . The
great Creator of all , in his all-wise and perfect government of the world , is a God of order , of system , and of purpose ; and he makes U 60 of a variety of agencies , differing from each other , and subervient to each other , for the purpose of carrying on and perfecting hia plans . Look into naturo , and where do you find the doctrine of equality ? Examine ' the fish of the sen ,, " —they differ from one another in size , in strength , and are compelled to bo subservient to each othur . Examine " the fowls of the air , " they differ from each other in size , in power , and in beauty , and they are subservient to each other . Examine ' tho beasts of the field , ' and it is the same with them . Examine ' the trees of the forest , ' and the same inequality is visible . Examine the stars in the firmament , 'and you witness the same , —
' for one star dinereth from another star , ' 1 Cor . xv . 41 . In a word , all naturo crios : vloud , the doctrine of equality is net the doctrine of truth ! Again , if we look into heaven , we there liud gradations established . We read of angels aud archangels , of cherubims and seraphims . So heaven cries aloud , tho doctrine of equality is not the doctrine of truth ! Again , if we look into hell , the inhabitants of that placo of endless torments bear the same testimony . We read of ' Beelzebub , the prince of the devils ; ' and , no doubt , of the vessels of wrath , some are more capacious than others , one capablo of containing more of ' the worm that dieth not , and of thuflre that shall never bo quenched , than another . So , hell cries aloud , the doctriue of equality is not the doctrine of truth ' . "
What a pity for the name and fame of Jenkins that none of the colleges appropriate a chair to "humbug . " This specimen would certainly secure him tho professorship iu perpetuity . Here is almost a whole page of his pamphlet occupied in demonstrating that tho writer is a fool . "We are not told what tho Chartists themselves say that they mean by " equality ; " not a syllable ig quoted from speech , tract , or pamphlet , on the subject ; but wo learn that " the Chartist
« Uwo prt-acu ana . »> -. .. o •>*»;„„ „«• n ,, nlif , v •" and then comes a string ot' " obvious arguments" in which tho " unadorned" writer walks through the earth and sea , ranges tho starry firmament , peeps into heaven , aud then dives iuto his own country and pays King Belzebub a visit ; with whom , being in high favour , he is permitted to guage the vessels of wrath—to measure the length of the worm that never dies—and to ascertain the amount of quenchless flame contained in each . Having thus satisfied his curiosity , he revisits tho " glimpses of the moon , " and announces his discovery that " equality is not a doctrine of truth . " So " simple , " however , is this learned state " Teacher" that he is " obviously" ignorant of that which a schoolboy nine years of age
might well teach him , the meaning of words in most common use . He is incapable of distinguishing between equality and monotony ; and prates , therefore about tho former as though it were the latter We will toll him , by and bye , what the Chartists mean by equality ; but at present it is needful to convince him that he is ignorant of its- ordinary constant meaning in common usage . Because he finds , in his imaginative ramble , birds , boasts , fishes , trees , stars , angels , aud dovils differing and distinguished from each other , ha- calls out that equality is not a doctriue of tnxt » a . But , if they were all alike , as they should b « \ o como up to his " simple" notion , ( for ideas ha " has none ) there would j be . a sameness and nmo ' Mny , but no equaiity ( . among them . Equality consists , uot in a thousand
things being all alike in size , and form , and colour , but in the adaptation of a thousawi parts , all relatively equal as to use an * value , to the completion , harmony , and symmetry of the whole which they constitute . Thus , in the whole range Of nature , animate and inanimate , there is a beautiful equality . All its particular existences are equally necessary to mako up the whole—equally perfect in their respective orders and degrees —and > notwithstanding their diversity of function , form or semblance , equally disposed to aid each other in the constitution of that volume of instruction which in every page declares the goodness of its author .
Let the Reverend , "obvious , " " simple , " "unadorned , " unmasker take off his spectacles , of ignorance and cupidity , and let him read-not merely stare upon- "the book of nature" ; and thon-whether he turn to the enamelled page of spring , or the illuminated page of summer , the rich page of autumn , or the chrystal page of winterwhether ho contemplate the glories of the vasty deep , the high expanse of air , or the innumerable tribes that walk the earth-he will find eqcautv proclaimed in every sentence . Each will tell him that they equally contribute to the wants of all , and that they equally enjoy the blessings of a common father , who is alike " good to all ; " his "tender mercies" being " over all his works "
But this apt , learned , " obvious , " " simple , " " unadorned , " and pious Teacher of the people passes on to a new theatre of demonstration . He quits " the book of nature" for " tire book of God . " But here he has worse luck in the handling of his " obvious arguments" than even in his previous rash appeal to naturo . He first points us to the declaration of the Loud to Abraham , " that his seed should serve the Egyptians . " What this text has to do with the matter , we are unable to perceive ; unless he mean that the tyrannical Egyptians were the types of our mency factions , and that the seed of Abraham typified " the poor" whom they oppress , and make to sufFwr hard bondage .
The similitude is striking , to bo sure , and we would gladly seo it carried out by the arising of a Moses , who , by God ' s command , should save his brethren from their accursed task-masters . The time may come ; nay , we know that it will come—that it nnut como —and that not long first ; wo wait fcr it as the day of our political salvation , and we hail its prospect joyfully ! But let this Reverend unmasker—this condescending advocate of the existing state of thingstake caro . Ho uad Wt . er not remind tho Chartists too forcibly of the Egyptian bondage ¦ , iC 3 t they happen to bethink them of an Israelite
retribution . The Chartists never yet contemplated the dividing of the " property , " of those who are called rich , among them . That is a " simple matter , " which they leave to be discussed by the " obvious arguments , " and the "unadorned style" of Mr . Jenkins . But if this new luminary and interpretator of the Bible should succeed in causing " the poor" to dance after his piping , serious consequences might result . He has already , though an avowed and paid advocate of the " higher classes , " taught " the poor" to look upon them as the prototypes of the Egyptian tyrants . Who shall be his w ' arrant that , in some new tract , some follower of his ( if he should get any ) may not recommend them to "
borrow vessels of gold and vessels of silver "—after the Israelitish fashion ? A word in your ear , Mr . Welsh parson . Lock up your plate cupboard your doctrines have a somewhat dangerous tendency .
The parsons , next text is Exodus chap , xviii . vers 20 , 21 , 22 : — " Thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws , and shalt show them the way wherein they must walk , aud the work that they must do . Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men , such as fear God , men of truth , hating covetousness ; and place such over them , to be rulers of thousands , and rulers of hundreds , rulers of fifties , and rulers of tens ; aud let them judce the people at all seasons : and it shall be that every great matter they shall bring unto thee , but every small matter they shall judge : so shall it be easier for thyself , and they shall bear the burden with thee . "
Wo can , at all events , preach from this text as well as the parson . When did any Chartist say , or think , that , under thfe Charter , there would be no need for civil Governments ; for " ordinances and laws ;" Mi for ** t « ler 8 " and ? 'judges r They ask only for the literal fulfilment of this text . They demand only that the men ^ plswd over them to be rulers " shall be " able men ; such as fear God ; men of truth—hating covetousness . " We pass to the third text : — " The Lord raised up judges which delivered the children out of the hand of those that spoiled them . "Judges ii . IG .
We sincerely hope , and most confidently anticipate , that , ere loug , tho LORD will do as much for " the poor" of these ill-fated realms . We pass the parson ' s fourth texo for the present ' intending to remark upon it subsequently . We shall also pass over his fifth and sixth , until he shall have condescended , by some " obvious argument , " to show us how he means to appiy them , or what he means to prove by them . He goes on to tell us that : — " In Daniel iii ., we read of " the princes , the governors , and captains , the judges , the treasurers , the counsellors , the sheriffs , and nil the rulers of the provinces . "
bo we do ; and , iu the fifth chapter of the same book , we read of these gentry , with the king at their head , profaning the vessels of the Lord ' s House ; as Henry tho VIII . and the " pious nobles " of England did at the time of the Reformation . And evcu in the very chapter out of which our Reverend and " unadorned " author quotes , we read of his favourites being occupied in the right orthodox employmeut of burning obstinate dissenters iu a fiery furnace ; a process by which this reverend gentleman would perhaps like to see Chartism pu down . Wo have uo doubt that it would be quite aa " effectual to the accomplishment of the important design " as the " simple matter " of his " unadorned style " and " obvious arguments . "
As this most Reverend scribe appeared much charmed with tho Babylonish nobles , we marvel that ho did not turn to the sixth chapter of this book of Daniel , where he would have found his favourites occupied in framing a new penal code to entrap a coiibc . euiious dissenter , who refused to acknowledge the king as supreme head of the church , and for which he was thrown into a den of lions ; there to learn obedience to tho " powers that be , ' and practise selt' denial , according to the most nnnroved modes of the religion " established by law . "
These are the principal texts quoted by the Reverend unmasker to shew that " Equality is not the doctrine of truth . " Let us now tell him what the Chartist leaders mean by the equality " which they " preach aad teach . ' They dream not of any such chimera as a nation without a government , or laws ; they have no idea of an equal distribution of property ; they have no intention of reducing all grades of society to one level . Bat they do contend that as all men are equal before God , so all men
should be equal before th& law ; that all should be equally represented ; aad that the voice of all shall shall be equally powerful ia the framing of the laws by which all are to be governed , aud on which the security of life and properly depend . They do maintain that industry must be looked upon as equally valuable , and ia entitled to be equally protected vtkh capital . They do " teach and preach " that th * cottages of the poor" should be held equally sacred as the haLU of the rich , or tho palaces of monavchs .
This is the eqvality for which the Chartist leaders contend . This is the equality they " preach and teach . " And this is the equality which must be established before England can know peace ; before property can be secure ; or life be adequately protected . But this will never be , while we are cursed with a limited constituency and a cousequeut class legislation . And this can be remedied by no other principles than those of the Charter , -s—' We have not done with this roverfii ^* " 116710 " 8 " simple , " " unadorned " ge >** - "< * ' we Wuat leave him for thoDjes * ' - *""^
On Friday last , a most frightful accident occurred to a millwright , in the employ of Mr . Spicer , at the" Alton paper-mills , in consequence of his becoming entangled with part of the machinery , which he had just finished adjusting . So rapid was the motion of the machinery , that before assistance could be rendered , both arms of the poor fellow were drawn between two cylinders , aad so severely inurod as to render immediate amptitatiotrUetfcwary ., The unfortunate sufferer is a marrid . man . —Hamp ~ shire Chronicle .
A melancholy AcciDE . YT , attended by a fatal termination , happened at Martock on Tuesday . Aa Mr . J . Richards , of Stapleton , was ridiug through the town on horseback , his horse took fright , ran away , and threw off Mr . Richards , who fell with such violenco that his skull was fractured . A carriage was immediately procured , in which the unfortunate gentleman was conveyed home . Tho effects of the accident , however , were so seriou ? # that after lingering a few V . ours he expired . —Bath Jour .
Most Important Testimony of Lieut . Masters , H . P . LATE OF THE RoYAL NEWFOUNDLAND VeTEran Companies . ( certificate ) S . t . John's , Newfoundland , 12 th March , 1838 . Conformably to a Garriton Order , dated 9 th March , 1838 , for the assembly of a Medical Board , to take into consideration the state of health of Lieut . Masters , It . V . C , and to report accordingly , we , tno undersigned , Staff Officer and Civil Practitioner , forming the Board authorized by that order , after a strict examination of tho case of Lieut .
Masters , consider him as entirely unfit for military duty . Lieut . Masters has for several years been afflicted with Rheumatic Gout , which has produced serious functionary derangements of his stomach , liver , and other viscera , and finally given rise to infirmity , weakness and enlargement of the articulations , especially of the ancle joints ; his general health and constitution is much impaired , and therefore , in our opinion , he is incapable of further service . ( Signed ) Andw . Ferguson , M . D ., Staff-Assist-Surg . Edward Kiely , Surgeon .
Letter of Lieut . Masters to Mr . Prout , 229 , Strand , London . Hawley , near Bagshot , 13 th Jan . 1840 . Sir , —Considering that the public would be greatly benefitted by the publication of the extraordinary benefit winch 1 liare derived by taking Blair ' s Gout and Rheumatic Tills , I herewith send the particulars of my ca - , and the Medical Certificate , by which I was invalided . I was first attacked with Rhuematic Gout . in 1 ! 5 " 2 G , from which period to 1 U 33 I was under the treatment of the late Drs . Red , Horner and Jacobs ,, as well as by tho present Dr . Davis , all of Hampstead . From 1833 to 1 < 'J 38 I was at St . John ' s , Newfoundland , doiug duty as a Subaltern in the
Royal Veteran Companies , where I suffered most severely , and was under the care of Surgeon Huston , 11 . Y . C ., Stuff Assistant-Surgeon Ferguson , and Mr . Shea , privato practitioner there , without being abla to prevent the most violent fits of tho . gout three or four times annually , which becoming so bad caused the Garrison Order for tho Medical Board , as befom , named . About the middle of latt February and tK whole of March my bufferings were dreadful ; infr act 1 was unable to move without being carried ' . " when Major Birch , of Crondale , near Farnham ,.. * . Magistrate of this county , kindly commisseratiCg my gitn ^ . tion , called on me for the purpose o / l taking my affidavit , that I might receive my " ialf-pay ; and seeing me in so miserable a state advised me to try Blair s Gout and Rhuematic Pir s . savinir . although
not gouty himself , he knew sC feral who had derived benefit from them . I had previously been advised by a then neighbour , Mr . Kpdgeut , of Aldershot , to try them , but I declined £ ntil the Major recommended them . I commenced by taking them according to the directions ; and , nfter taking six pills , found a cessation of all pain , ' and the remainder of the box effectually settled that fit . I have since had several attacks , but as soon as I feel the least sensation of the disease I take the pills , which have at once removed all symptoms . I may also mention that the chalk which had formed on my ears has disappeared , and where it formed in niyfingerais decreasing . I have ceased to have those very weakening perspirations to which I was subject before trying the pills .
were you to print my case , and appoint an Agent in St . John's , Newfoundland , where my sufferings were-known , and where there are so many afflicted with Rheumatic Gout , you would vastly increase the sale of this valuable Medicine . I am . Sir , Your obedient Servant , « = r Ti ti i , t John Masters , J >~* . H . i . Royal Newfoundland Veteran Comps , Sold by the venders of Medicine throughout th « iungdom . Observe the name and address oi lhomas Prout , 2-29 , Strand , London , " on ttw Government Stamp .
The Northern Star Saturday, May 30, 1840.
THE NORTHERN STAR SATURDAY , MAY 30 , 1840 .
POLITICAL OFFENDERS . ( CfflESTER GAOL . ) Commo ^ r ^ ^ T *• " be en Presented to thecommons by Mr . Warburton , who has riven notice S tt rbjecr : l Of CalhDg *• *««» Sffi HoS PETITION OF PRISONERS NOW CONFINED IN THB CASTLE GAOL OF CHESTER . The humble' petition of the undersigned prisoner ! . cilZV ' ttS ^ the cJtle gS TZ Most humbly sheweth ,-That vour petitioner , have been sentenced to various terms oHmS ? ment , ot from twelve to eit-hteen calendarToXE each and m every instance to procure heavy ba ' to keep the peace , for havmg , as alleged on trials commutedcertam political offences ; and yourw titioners consider they have great reason to complain of their present treatment , inasmuch as a 1 though no single individual was even charged by the prosecutors with having even attempted to injure either the person or DroDertv nfanv man «» o « i-
ot men , yet they are compelled , in almost every instance , to subsist on a dietary wholly unfit and quite insufficient to support any person in posses 3 ion ~ of health . That your petitioners are only allowed one pound of coarse bread per diem , with two quarts of mealgruel , or skilly , and for dinner one pound of potatoes , and two ounces of salt per week ; while those persons who have been , or may be , convicted of felony or misdemeanour , are supplied with animal food twice every week . Your petitioners complain that , while thoso who are on the debtors' side of the prison are permitted to remain out of their cells until nine o'clock in the
evening , your petitioners are locked up for eleven consecutive hours every night , or from seven o ' clock in tho evening until six o ' clock in the morniug ; aud during one half of the ytar , or the winter season , for thirteen hours out of every twenty-four ; an arrangement which many of them find , after eight months * experience , to be prejudicial to their health and personal well-being . Your petitioners also complain of the severe restrictions under which they are permitted to correspond wuh their families and friends , as an order now exists on the books which prohibits them from holding communication with any person more than once a week ; and even then , if your petitioners * letters contain any political remark or allusion , they are neither forwarded" nor returned for correction , but withheld , in direct-violation ^ f the printed rules of and for the regulation of the " gaol ; a practice which , if carried out , will be wlmlly subversive of all fi
mily arrangements and interests , and which entirely prevents all dorrespondenee with the press , and takes away any advantage a literary charaoter may possess from the exercise of his abilities , and prevents any oue from sending to the best market the productions of his genius ; and thus deprive him of the power of providing for those who naturally look to him for support , contrary to all rule and precedent hitherto ' established . Your petitioners are not permitted to have any books or newspapers for reference , study or perusal , but such as the Visiting Magistrates ( . however sectarian ) may approve of , and they are generally several weeks iu deciding which books are admissible : th . w nil advantnsa ° to your petitioners are lost , even , when concessions be made ; neither are they allowed to purchase or have any newspapers , except the London Times , a daily paper , which is wholly opposed to their views , and which a majority of them are too poor to purchase .
l our petitioners then pray your Honourable House to take their case , and those of all other political , prisoners throughout the land , into your most serious consideration , with a view to make such arrangements as will in future secure to your petitioners , and all others who may in future be charged with political offences , a sufficiency of nutritious and wholesome food ; as , notwithstanding the permission of the -Visiting Magistrates to purchase uecessariea in addition to the prison allowance , your petitioners
are already too poor to take advantage of this benevolent offer ; which circumstance may be easily proved from the following fact , that while , with two exceptions , they are all of the operative class , one of their families ( that of John Wright , late of Stockport ) is now actually located in a Union workhouse iu the parish of Holden , in the West Riding of the county of York ; while he , in the last stage of infirmity , and now lyiug iu the hospital , is sentenced to be imprisoned for twelve calendar months in this gaol .
Your petitioners then pray you to take such steps as will protect inviolate their correspondence , and insure them the use of whatever books and newspapers they may require , with permission to retire ( or the night with tho debtors . Aud your petitioners , as ia duty bound , will ever pray . P . M . M'Douah , John Livsey , George Wareham , &c . &c . &c .
| THE NORTHERN STAR . - 3
Northern Star (1837-1852), May 30, 1840, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/king-y1kbzq92ze2686/page/3/