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January 13, 1849. THE NORTHERN feTAR. o ...
BEAUTIES OF BYRON. Second Series. II. At...
(1) Marshal Key. (2) «Poor dear Mural , ...
DEMOCRACY IN FRANCE. By M. Guizot. Londo...
THE LAND. THE REMARKABLE TRIAL OF THOMAS...
1 A, forbidden writing is thought to ba ...
As nearly tbe whole of that offensive bo...
» Defence. Gentlemen, I wonder how I cam...
f De 'tnce. Gaatlemsn , I can hardl y he...
FINANCIAL STATE OF EUROPE. (From the Bru...
Tbe Franklin Expedition.—We translate fr...
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January 13, 1849. The Northern Fetar. O ...
January 13 , 1849 . THE NORTHERN feTAR . o ; »¦* ¦¦ ' i ___ °
Beauties Of Byron. Second Series. Ii. At...
BEAUTIES OF BYRON . Second Series . II . At this juncture , the following poem will most appropriately follow the' Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte , ' men in our last .
ODE FBOH THE FBEKCH . We do sot curse thee , Waterloo ! Though Freedom ' s blood th y plain bedew * There'twas shed , but is not sank—Rising from each gory trunk , Like tbe water-spout from ocean , With a strong and growisg motion-It soars , and mirgles in the air , With that of lost Lab ? doyere —• With that ef him whose honoured grave
Contains the ' bravest of the brave . * ( 1 ) A crimson cloud it spread ' s and glows , Bnt shall return to whence it rose ; When ' tis full 'twill burst asunder—Never yet was heard such thunder , As then shall shake tbe world with wonder—Hcrer yet waa seen such I ' gh'alog As o ' er Heaven shall then bs brishtlntng J Like the Wormwood Stir feretold By tha sainted Seer of old , Showing dowa a fiery flood , Turning rivers Into blood .
The ehisf has fallen , bnt not by yon . Vanquishers of Waterloo I Wbea tbe soldier-citizen Swayed not o ' er bis fellow-men—Save in deed < that led them on Where Glory smiled on Freedom ' s ; joa—Who . of all the despots banded . With that youthful chief competed ! Who could boast o ' er Fraice defeated , Till lone Tyranny commanded ! Till , gaaded by ambition ' s sting , The here sunk into tbe king t Thea he fell—to perish all , Who would men by men enthrall !
Aadthon , too , of the snow-white plume ! ( J ) Whose realm refused thee even a tomb ; Better badst thou Still been leading Franca o ' er bests of hirelings bleeding , Then seld thyself to desth and shame For a mesnly , royal name ; Such as he of Ksples wears , Who thy blood-bought title bears . L ' . tifo didst tbou deem when dashtnfr . On tby war-horse through the ranks Irke a stream which burst its banks , ' While helmets cleft , and sabres clashing , Shone and shivered fa « t around thee : Of the fate at last which found thee :
Was that haughty plume laid low By a slave ' s dishonest blow f Once—as tha moon sways o ' er the tide , It roll'd la air , tbe warrior ' s guide ; Through the smoke-created night Of the black and sulphurous fight , The soldier rait'd his setWasr eye To ca'eh that crest ' s ascendency—And as it onward rolling ros » , So moved his heart upon our foes . There , where death's brief pang was quickest , And the battle ' s wreck lay thickest , Strew'd beneath the advancing banner Of the eagle ' s burning crest—( There with thunder-clouds to fan her , Who could then her wing arre < t—
"Victory beaming from her breast I ) While tbe broken line enlarging Fell , or fled aloag the plain ; There be sure was Mara' - charging ! There he ne er shall charge again ! O ' trglories gone the invaders march , Weeps triumph o ' er each leveled arch-But let Freedom rejoice , With her heart in her voice ; But , her band on her sword , Doubly shall she be adored ; Trance hath twite ( 3 ) lid tUtU 5 « tt taughl The' moral lesson ' duals bought—HER SAFETY SITS NOT ON A THRONE ,
WITH CAPET OR NAPOLEON ! But in equal rights and late * , Hearts and hinds in ont great eaust—Freedom each as God hath given TJato all beneath his Heaven , With the ' r breath , and from their birth Though Guilt would sweep it from the earth ; With a fierce and lavish haad Scattering nations' wealth Ilka saad ; Fouring notions' Wood like water , Inimperial seas of slaughter ! (*)
But the heart and the mind , And the voice of mankind , Shall arise ia communion—And who shall resist that proud un'ont The time is put tthenswordt subdued—( 5 ) Man may die ; the soul ' s renew'd : Even ia this low world of care Freedom ne ' sr shall want aa heir ; Millions breaths but to inherit Her unconquerable spirit—When once norther hosts assemble , Tyran ' s shMbetieze and tremWe—De-mtftey toil an idle threat , CRIMSON TEARS WILL FOLLOW YET ' . ( 6
(1) Marshal Key. (2) «Poor Dear Mural , ...
( 1 ) Marshal Key . ( 2 ) « Poor dear Mural , what amend ! His white plume rued to be a rallyiag point in battle , like Heary the fourth ' s . He refused a confessor and a bandage , so would neither suffer his soul nor body to be bandaged , 'Byron ' s Letters . ( 3 ) Thrice—Louis Philippe to wit . Yet some political Beers pretend to predict a fourth renewal of the lesson ! We shall see . —Eo-X S , ( 4 ) What a faithful picture of the horrible Austrian despotism . Bear witness the massacres in Oalicla ; the bombardment of Lembers ; the bombardment of Craoow ; the storming of Yienna ; tho blood-reeking soil of Lsmbardy ; and last , net least , the war of desolation and extermination at prasent waged against Hungary !—En . N . S . ( 5 ) True , as will e » oa be seen!—Ed , N . S . ( 6 ) This prophecy bss been already partly , and wil l yet be fully , realised . Tbe ' crimson tears' of the Dations have flowed ; the ' crimson tears' of the destroyers of nations may yet Sow!—Ed . N . S .
& tf ) itto *
Democracy In France. By M. Guizot. Londo...
DEMOCRACY IN FRANCE . By M . Guizot . London : Murray . "When Dionysius the younger was banished from Syracuse he turned pedagogue , and flogged « Young Corinth , ' to avenge himself for the kicks he had received from ' Old Sicilv . ' All the world knows that
England , Thecast-oat statesman's home , ' has , since the days of February last , been favoured by the presence of the pedagogue statesman Guizot . Though not yet turned ' Dominie' —a la Dionysius —the Doctrinaire has resumed his Professor ' s gown , find has just favoured the world with a lecture on the vices and dangers of French Democracy . Though he does not avowedly set np as teacher to ' Young England , ' he has published his lecture in English for the special benefit of our countrymen . For their amnsement he has made 'Young France ' the sub . ject of his discourse . No doubt he regrets that he cannot make that erratic youth the victim of his rod . How Professor Guizot can lay the scourge on , when he has the power , ' Young France' knows , and the world has seen .
The Times candidly admits that * these eighty pages of instruction and warning willnot he found to amwer ihe expectations mlh tchich they will generally be taken up . ' Lest , however , the reader should imagine that Monsieur Guizot had written himself down an ass , ' the limes concludes its remarkably stupid review by begging those who may buy the ei ghvypages' not to ' yield ' to the'first impulse ' which would dictate the throwing of the trash
behind the fire ; * for , ' says the Timest * this treatise has been carefully projected and elaborately composed , and cantains truths both deep and well told . ' Beep the truths are , no doubt , for he who would fish op pearls from this pamphlet must dive deep enough in all conscience . The misfortune is , tbat the intellectual diver may plunge into tbe surging sentences of Monsieur Guizot many times before he will fad a truth I and , when found , that worthy states * man ' s' truths * are not good for much .
In the introduction to his subject Monsieur Guizot sayr : — Sing Louis Phllippa reigned above seventeen years , for acre than eleven of whleh I had the honour to be his mlallter . If to-morrow it pleased God to summon us into h ; a presence , should we quit this earth very con . fident in the future destby and the constitutional order clour country ? Is this a twitch ef remorse ? Behold the results Of Louis Philippe ' s reign of seventeen years 1 Behold the fruits of Monsieur Guizot ' s eleven years ' role ! Everything unsettled . The country committedto the storms of a revolution , the end of which no one can foresee . The revolution of 1848 was the work not of the Republicans but of Guizot and bis master . They aspired to rale Prince by force and fraud , and they succeeded—for a time . But there came a day of reckoning ! . Guizot asserts that tiie chief soaree of the miseries of France is her * idolatry of 4 eraocraSJ . All
Democracy In France. By M. Guizot. Londo...
parties , he says , pay homage to this principle . ' The Monarchists say : ' Our Monarchy is a democratic Monarchy , " « The Republican ? say : 'The Republic is democracy governing itself . ' * The Socialists , Communists , and Montagnards , require that the Republic should be a pure and absolute democracy . ' Behold bis remedy : —* This idea must he extirpated ' Foolish man i how can he extirpate an idea which , according to his own showing , animates the entire nation ? He says : — Such is the power of tbe word democracy that no government or party dares to rail a its teas ' , or betters its own existence possible , if It doe * not bear that word lascribed an its baaner ; and those that carry that ban . ner aloft with the greatest ostentation , aad to the ex . tf emest limits , believe themselves to ba stranger than all the rest ot the world .
But the Time * asks : 'Does the idolatry of democracy go beyond the veriest lip service ? ' Doubtless not—so far at least as the Monarchists and the mere anti-king Republicans are concerned . But this very lip-service' of the factions proves the strength of democracy . It has been prettily said by some one , that 'Hypocrisy is the tribute which vice pays to virtue . ' It is the weak , not the strong , who pay tribute , and if Orleanists , Legitimists , and Sham-Republican knaves , tiy to win and keep the good opinion of the many by a pretended adhesion to democracy , their very hypocrisy proves the omnipotence of the principle they affect to adopt .
It appears that Monsieur Guizot learnt the virtue of « Resistance , ' by being a spectator of the Revolution of 1830 . Beit understood , not the virtue of resistance to tyranny , but of resistance to democracy . * Resist ance ' sa y s 'he , 'to the passions and ideas which engender disorder is the paramount and pe . remptory duty of every government . ' "We have an indistinct recollection of very similar words in Louis Philippe ' s last royal speech . The denunciation of ' wild passions , ' was then followed up by resistance to the demands of the people . With what result Guizot himself is a living and striking example .
He charges upon democracies the sin of having ' condemned their governments , to falsehood . ' This is particularly modest , coming from a man who notoriousl y emp loyed falsehood and corruption as the great instruments of government , and means of governing . Notwithstanding bis abuse of democracies he admits that ' the Republican form of government has called forth great virtues—has presided over the destiny and tbe glory of great nations . ' But a republican government has tha same vocation , the same duties , as any other government . I's same gives it no claim to dispensation er privilege . It must satisfy both tbe general and permanent wants of human seoiety , and the particular wants of the particular cam . munlty which it is called to govern . At last a' troth ' 1 But a truth tbat a child might inundate . He adds—The permanent want of every [ community—the first and most imperious want of France at the present dayl » , pesce in the bosom of society itself . ' But what is ' peace ? ' The absence of strife . Now it is not enough to cry ' be still , ' to ensure ' peace ; ' the causes of strife must be 'extirpated . ' 1 Nothing , ' saya Guizot , a little further on , ' has a more certain tendency to ruin a people , than a habit of accepting words and appearances as realities . ' Another truth ! But a truth forgotten by Guizot in the days of his power . His soldiers , spies ,
andfgaolers enabled him to establish a seeming peace , but beneath tbat seeming peace fierce passions chafed and raged , and at length became too powerful for repression . Guizot had' mistaken appearances , for realities . ' Doubtless there was' peace * of a certain Had in the capital of Poland , when a French statesman of the Guizot school uttered the memorable words : — ' Order reigns in Warsaw . ' There was ' peace' of a similar kind when the cannon of the butcher Cavaignac had silenced the insurgent Fan * bourgs , but such ' peace' is tbe peace of hell ; and statesmen who rest their hopes of public order upon that kind of ' peace , ' certainly prepare for themselves a day of war and retribution .
Justice is the only surety for real peace . As long as injustice reigns there must be anarchy and strife . ' The United States of America , ' says Monsieur Guizot , ' are universally admitted to be the model of a Republic and a democracy . ' We beg the Professor ' s pardon for being so rude as to tell him that he is frightfully ignorant of the views of the European democrats concerning the American Republic . America , with its black and white slavery—the slavery of the whip , and the slavery of wages—is regarded by the European democrats as a Republican sham . The Republic on the other side of the Atlantic must become a great deal more' democratique et sociale' before it will be regarded as a' model' by the real reformers of Europe .
while denouncing the Republic , Guizot praises 1 the leaders of the Republic' for having ' fought for the existenceof society *—that is for having butchered the workmen in the days of June ; for having ' maintained the peace of Europe '—that is for having abandoned the struggling nations to the tyranny and atrocities of their oppressors ; and for having ' . striven to maintain the public credit '— that is for having perpetuated the system of public plunder under which the people groaned when Philippe reigned and Guizot governed . "With startling effrontery , he contends that the failure of the . Republic to restore peace t 9 society cannot be attributed to its not having had a fair trial ! One of his own admirers shall answer him . The Chronicle , in trumpeting the glories o £ Monsieur Guizot , says : —
It is his school [ even with himself in exile ) which now predominates and rules in France . Tbe pupils who hang upon his lectures , asd mads thetn the fenndation of tbeir several systems—MM . de Remusat , Duvergler de Hsuranne , Leon Faueher , Chevalier—the mothers out and thinkers out of his theories and truths—are still the foremost men of the Republic . And it is plain tbat ' the doctrine , * as it has been affectedly termed , will project its influence far down into future times , and live as long as tboee constitutional governments of which it is far away the ablest defence— appealing like then to reason , and extracting , from a mixed system of cheeks and balances , tbe useful and the expedient . We agree with the Chronicle , that' the doctrine ' will live as long as ' constitutional governments ' live , but we console ourselves with the belief that
those governments have not long to live . The days of the accursed jugglery of ' checks and balances , ' we believe to be numbered . May the utter and irreparable ruin thereof come speedily ! But we beg our readers to mark the admissionwe should rather say the vaunt of the Chronicle , tbat notwithstanding tbe banishment of Guizot , his disciples , the workers-out and thinkers of his theory , are at the head of the Republic , and predominate and rule in France . That is to say , there has been a change of name , but not a change of system , not
even a change of men . The evil genius of profitmongering rapacity still reigns in France ; and yet we are told the Republic has had a fair trial J The true . Republic has never yet had a trial at all . Had such been the case , Messrs Renrasat , Duvergier de Hauranne , Faueher , Chevalier , Thiers , Barrot , and Co . would have been sent packing after Monsieur Guizot to England—or a warmer climate . But the victors of February were ' magnanimous—that is to say they were — anything but wise men ; for what me was it to banish the devil , yet allow , his imps to remain ?
Monsieur Guizot comes out strong against the 'Socialists . ' To that party we leave the defence of themselves and their cause . Their task will not be one of difficulty . From this portion of the pamphlet we quote the following ;—We ssy that democracy is everything . The men of the Social Republic reply , « Democracy is ourselves . ' We proclaim , ia language of infinite confusion , the absolve equality of rights and the' sovereign right of numbers The men of tbe Social Republic come forward ana say , 'fount oar numbers . '
This is a puzzler to the Times . Quoth that journal : — ' "We in England conceive that the men of the Social Republic have been counted , and that the result is a clear exposure of their insignificance , even by their own standard . What , ' then , are the limits of * democracy in France V Does it reach beyond the half-million would-be constituents of Ledru Rollin and Raspail ?' Tes , you fool ! Have yon not already been told by your model statesman , that French society is saturated with democracy ? As to the ' Social Republic , ' wait a little longer , and you will see whether those who expect , and are determined to have social reform , are limited to half a million !
Monsieur Guizot concludes his jeremiad by recommending a grand combination of parties and classes , and a system of checks and balances , " as ( says the Timet ) with ourselves . ' We might show up a mass oi absurdities in addition to those we have already gibbeted ; but enough , we have already devoted more space to Monsieur Gnizot ' s ' eighty pages' than such trash deserves . We had hoped that adversity would have made him a wiser man , but he has evidently 'learned nothing , nor forgotten nothing . ' So much the worse for himself . This calculating , cold-hearted tyrant and tyrant ' s
Democracy In France. By M. Guizot. Londo...
tool , when threatened with . impeachment , on . the 22 nd of February , ' laughed immoderately ; ' but within twenty . four hours hi was laughing th « wrong side of hie mouth . A fugitive from the mingled wrath and contempt of the people , he fled from the land he had so wickedly -misgoverned in the dress ( at least so reported ) of a flunkey I Judging of this' philosopher '—this vaunted states , man-chief—by his . ' eighty pages' of balderdash , his flunkey dress appears to us to have been not illchosen . The ideas and sentiments put forth ia this pamphlet may excite the wondering admiration of' Jeames of Bukley Square , ' but the intelligent workman , should he deign te read Democracy in France , will record bis verdict in the language of Hamlet : * Words , wards 1 *
The Land. The Remarkable Trial Of Thomas...
THE LAND . THE REMARKABLE TRIAL OF THOMAS SPENCE , TBE A . GTURIA . K REFORMER , Most of our readers must have heard of Thomas Sr-trcis , the first popular teacher of the principles of Agrarian Reform in tbis country . It is probable , however , that , excepting a few veterans , there are not many of the Chartist , or Ultra-Radical party , who know anything of Spxhcb beyond his name . We cannot bnt think thatany information concerning a man once so famous aa a public agitator , will be gladly received by those who were born too late to know him or his disciples . A small volume , nearly fifty years old , lent to us by a friend , enables us to supply soma account oi the principles and objects of this remarkable man .
Thomas Srcxca was born at Newcastle-upon-Tyne . His father was a shoemaker ; The son commenced life on his own account as a schoolmvter in his native town ; As a member of the New . oistle Philosophical Society he was bound to deliver a lecture on some question of scientific or general interest . He did so . taking for his subject : — ' The mode of administering the Landed Estate of the Nation as a Joint-Stock Property in Parochial Part * newhips by dividing the Rent . ' At the instance of tha Society , the lecture , whioh bad been much applauded by the members , was published ; but the publication called up against him a host of enemies , The usual means of social ( f ) persecution were em . ployed , and not without the intended effect . Hia school was broken up , and hia means of living utterly destroyed . Persecuted in Newcastle , Thomas Spzsce repaired
to London and attempted to get a living as a bookseller . Beieg very poor , he commenced with a look stall ai the corner of Chancery Line , Holborn , where he bezan publishing tracts explaining his views of political and social reform ; he also had medals struck in copper which explained the nature of his plan . About the year 1793 he opened a small shop in Little Turnstile , "Holborn , where he published a periodical work , entitled , 'Pig ' s Meat for the Swinish Multitude . '— [ f 3 T Can any friend lend us a copy of this work ?] In tho year 1794 Thomas Spingb was arrested under the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act and confined , we know not for what term , in Newgate . On his liberation he opened a small shop at No . 9 , Oxford Street , where ha continued publishing as ho had done before : Ja the rear 1798 ho waa again arrested under the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Aot , and confined in Coldbath Fields Prison .
Oa his liberation he continued his former pursuits until the year 1801 . when he was prosecuted by tho Attorney General , Mr Law , afterwards Lord Ex , LSNBOBorjoH . —The hook at present in our possession is a report of this remarkable trial . We quote the fnllowis ? f-om the title-page : — THE IMPORTANT TRIAL OP THOMAS SPENOE , For a Politics ] Pamphlet , entitled , * Tbe Restorer of Society to its Natural State , ' On H » y 27 th . 1801 , at Webtwhbteb Hall , befero Lord Kbnxon and a Special Jury ,
1 A, Forbidden Writing Is Thought To Ba ...
1 forbidden writing is thought to ba a certain spark of truth that files up in the face of tbem wbo sc « k to tread it out . '—Milton .
As Nearly Tbe Whole Of That Offensive Bo...
As nearly tbe whole of that offensive booh , with suitable remarks by way of Defence , was read by Mr Spenoo to the Jury , the whole of it therefore is reprinted herein as a warning to poor Old England , ' And all the people shall bear , aud fear , aud da no more presumptuously , ' A copy of the indictment follows , containing the objectionable passages in the work orosecuted , mixed np with the usual legal jargon . Passing over this , we come at once to the defendant ' s answer to the accusation , of which we propose to give the most striking portions .
SIFEHCE Or THOMAS SrENCE , Mx Loan abd Gbhtlehen of the Juki , — I was so astonished at the second Report of the Parliamentary Committee ofSccrtcy , that I was inclined to turn a sc . rious defence into a burlesque . But upon due consideration t determined to lot what I had prepared for that " purpose remain as it was ; and if the government will persuade the people that they are Sponsoniaas , whether they are or no , why should I make objections f It is , perhaps , the most effectual way to make them such . Whether the said report at inch a time was designed to affect my trial , or the trial was designed to add ceaseqa « nce to the report , or both were to be auxiliary to
each other I do not knew , but I have ( rood grounds to apprehend there is a serious design against my liberty , for I am apparently prrjudged already . There Is nothing in my book which I am ashamed of and did not intend to avow , but I have nothing to do with the projects or views of others . So I hope , gentlemen , as the Proverb says , ' You will let every herring hang by bis own neck , ' I have all my life thought tbat the state of society was capable of much amendment , and hoped by the progress of reason , aided by the art of printing , that such a stats of justice and felicity would at length toko place in tb « earth as in some measure to answer the figurative descriptions of the MUeueum , New Jerusalem , or future golden sge .
I vers early in life laid down the plan of such a happy state of society , and which all know I have betn publishing one Way or other for many years . And what then ? Are we never to expect a better state of things than the present ? Are we not allowed to amuse ourselves with distant views of happiness : Mast we be debarred from tbe pleasure of imagination also J If in the present state of things only we have hope , we are of all creatures tbe most miserable , I hare always been concurring with what I thought the intention of the deity in providing for a constant , though slow improvement in every thing . And having pat my hand to ] the plough I never tasked back . Having premised thus much , I shall now go on with my defence , as prepared previous to my knowledge of the Parliamentary Report .
I believe nover man came before a court for a political publication under greater discouragements than I now do , foruotwithstanjiagaay insinuations of tbe said re . port , I stand alone , unconnected with any party , and , exc « pt by a tbi & king few , sia looked on as a lunatic , so thtt I feelingly experience the justice of Mr Pope ' s obser . vatipn , viz .: — ' Truths would you teach , or save a sinking land , AU ftsar , n » ne aid you , aud few understand . ' Even the professed friends of liberty keep aloof , and would rather , if they could consistently , jola in the sap . pression than the support of my opinions . My narrow circumstances also , which prevent me from having tho assistance of either attorney or counsel , plainly indicate that I am no tool of parly , and that I can have notbiug la view bat the levo of truth and the good of maeklnd .
Besides , gentlemen , there it another seeming hardship , tbat I should be tried by men of property concerning a work , the sole object of which is , to new ssodify property in each a manner that many ef you gentlemen may consider yourselves as highly concerned and interested in the decision . Wherefore I oaght to bare a jury composed Of at least one half labourers , who are my eqaals , and whose cause I have espoused , to defend me ( gainst the prejudices of such men of property . I have been aivlaed by many to let Judgment go by default as lass irritating , but I could not harbour a
thoaght so injurious to the owner of the Court . Besides , I make no doubt of assigning such convincing reasons for all that I have advanced ia tbis said indicted publicities , tbat my intentions shall not only appear upright but laudable : all which desirable advautsge I should lose by foolishly and cowardly pleading guilty , God forbid we should ever see times wherein the modest defence of innocence and geod intentions , especially when connected with the eause of the whole human , species , should be deemed irritating in a Court of Justice , And more especially , when the defendant is reduced to the necessity of pleading for himself .
I stand here , gentlemen , in a singular case ; Not BS a mero beokeelUr vending tho works of others , or as a hireling supporting the views of any faction , but as an origins ! legislator , for having formed the most compsct syetem of society o » the Immoveable basis ot nature and justice , and which no arguments can h & vo power agaiaity as you will anon be convinced of * I think , gentlemen , the work itself displays all the way through such undeniable evidescs of disinterestedness and philanthropy , that I oanast do better than read the politieal parts of if with some occaslonsl remarks which will not detain you long . And we shall begin at the title page .
The title of the work is aa follows : — The Restorer of Society to its Natural State ; in a series of Letters to a Fellow-Citizen . With a Preface , « C-c , « £ « . ' \ The preface we pass over for- the present , that portion of the work being out of place ; the matter thereof should have been given in an appendix rather than in ft preface . Wo proceed to extract
XBTTIB I . ZionioB , Joly 19 , isoo . CiTism , —Ton see I am not fargstfal of your request that I should communicate such reflections as occur to me concerning the means of improving the happiness of mankind . Bat ia doing this It Is necessary I should allew Byaelf si suBdeat latitude in treating subjects of
As Nearly Tbe Whole Of That Offensive Bo...
such imporU Doe , for how shall a man that is not free himself point out the ways of freedom to others ! It is tald in the beglnatng of the Bible , that man was made to till the ground and had dominion over the whole animal creation . All this is self evident , for he is Indeei , ts it were , the God of this lower world , and his faculties both of body end mind qnfficlsntly qualify him for this arduous task . But hero the lordship ought to Stop . For m Ulltoa and reatoa eay' Man over man , he made aot Lard . ' Happy would mankind have been had ihelr ambition been thus bounded by nature . Bat the earliest records show , that the earih was Immediately 'filled with violence , and that Ood . Hke reason wb » as much employed in the destruction and robbery of fellow-creatures at la
, subduing the earth and tbe brute creation for a more comfortable subsistence ; Thus in proportion as tbe comforts of Ufe Increased by man s labour and Ingenuity , so did tbe rapacity of men also increase te rob each other , and societies were as much formed / or the sake of strength to plunder others as for mutual defence . Well , and truly then might it be said that 'the wickedness of man was great in the earth . ' and that' all flesh had corrupted bis way upon esrtb . ' Thus societies , families , and tribes being originally nothing but bandittis , tbey cstetm & d wat and pillage to be honourable , and tho greatest ruffians seiz ' ng on the prinotpal shares of the spoils , as well of land as moveables , introduced into the world all the cursed rarietles of lordship , rassalage , and slavery , at we tee at this day .
J * oir , ojtisen , it we nally want to get rid of these vils frera amongst roen ; ws must dattroy not only personal and hereditary lordship , but the cause of them , which is private property in land . For this is the pillar tbat supports tho temple of atistooraoy . Take away this pillar , and tbe whole fabric of tbeir dominion falls to tho around . Then shall no other lords have dominion over us , but tbe laws , and laws too of our own making ; for at present it is thoie who have robbed us of our laada , that have robbed us also of the privilege of mahlug out own laws » to in l *» ith and » e & Uiy we are In bondi > gq and vassalage to the lauded interest . Where * fore let us bear this always in mind , and we shall never be at a loss to know whore the root of the evil lies .
Then what o & n he the oure but this ! Namely , that tie land shall no longer be suffered to bs tbe property ot individuals , bat of the psrishes : The rents of this parish estate shall be deemed the » qual property of man , woman , and child , whether old or young , rich or poor , legitimate or illegitimate . But mora of tbis hereafter . I remain , Jjc , Letters If . and IV . were not read to the Jury because the subjects of them were not adverted to in the indictment . Letter II . is on the subject ot Public Bathing , and Letter IV . on tba Marriage Laws bath contain sound ideas and valuable suggestions . ; Wo quote— iiTisa in . 'Condon , August 8 th , 1800 .
Citizen , —As nothing attracts my attention more at present than the hue and cry raised everywhere againot monopolisers and forestalled , on acoeunt of this artificial famine , let us sob whether such a ee .-ne of vllUUy could be transacted under luch a constitution of things as I hinted at la my first letter . Y » u may remember that I there gave the land to the parishes , by whioh means I broke the monopoly of laad , which is the mother of all other monopolies , Ortier raoaopolles cannot subsist after tbe fall of that , fee tho following reasons , v ! z .: —First , —because the inhabitants of every parish being tbe proprietors of all the soil within their respective parishes , tbey will take ' care that thu farms shall be ef such size , and let on such terms and leases , as shall appear to be most for the public gend , In consequence of this , we may suppose that farms would be so small that the farmer * would hardly bo rich enough to board much , neither would they be so few in nutnfcer as easily to combine to raise the price of their produce .
Secondly , —to ward against the danger that might arise to the public from the inability of these little farmers to reserve large stocks of corn , which might be of use ia a time of scarcity , every parish would have a public granary in which they would lay up every season a oertiin quantity of grain in prepertlon to their population , This , like every other public expense , would be defrayed out of the rental revenue of the psrisb , an i would only be felt by the people for the first year er two , for after that they could always sell eff ss much of the oldest corn as would purchase the new ; also the parishes might la ; np stores of coals , or anything else liable to accidental scarcity to prevent want aud Individual monopoly . Thus , citizen , you see I have put my people in a way to destroy all monopoly , and also effectually to provide egalnat real famines with ease , and all by the simple operation of rendering the people what they ought to bt > , lords of their own districts .
You will think , perhaps , that people would ba discouraged from cultivation and from commerce , if the parishes interfered in tbis manner , and engrossed so much of the business to themselves as corporate bodies . To this I answer , that they would be wiser then to usurp the trade of the country for tbe sake of trade , but only in such matters as experience showed the public safety required . Besides , if such a people as this hud not wisdom who had snch freedom to acquire and make use of It , where must we eisect it ! For censlder , there would be none of your great quality , nor proud landed men , aor their minions , to quash every project that does not first or last tend to increase their revenues . My people would give every one a fair hearing that had any thing : to propose for the public good . Neither would they long persevere in wrong measures if they should chance to fall Into tbem , because ne obstacle remained to hinder them to change them .
In the advanced state of learning which tbe world is now arrived at , there can be no wnnt of cultivated abilities everywhere sufficient to conduct tbe public business . AH tbat is wasting is agoodsystem , in which men being placed in a state of equality and freedom , the reasoning faculties would be encouraged to expaad to tbe utmost , And each a system is this which I have given you a sketch of . I remain , & o . Owing to its langth we shall only give the following extract from
XiETTEa v , London , Sept 20 th , 1800 . . It is childish , therefore , to expect ever to see small farms again , or ever to see anything else thantheutmost screwing and grinding of the poor , till yon quite over , turn the present system of landed property . For they have got more completely into the spirit and power of oppression now than ever was known before , end tbey hold the people In defiance by means of their armed associations . They are now like & warlike enemy quar * Urea upon ue for the purpose of raising contributions , aad William the Conqueror and his Normans were fools to tbem in the art of fleecing . Therefore any , anything short of total destruction of the power of these Samsons will not do ; and that must be accomplished , not by simple
shaving , which leaves the roots of their strength to grow again ! No ; we must scalp them , or else they will soon recover and pull our temple of liberty about our ears , V 7 e must aot leave even thtir stump in the earth , like Nebuchadnezzar , though guarded by a band of iron ; for lll-destroyed royalty * and arietooraoy . wlll be sure to reco ver and overspread the earth again as before . Aud when they are suffered to return again to their former dominion , it is always with ten-fold more rage and policy , and so the condition of their wretched subjects is quickly rendered worse as a reward for their too tender resistance . Ia plain Eagllsb , nothing less than complete e xtermination of the present system of holding land in the manner I propose , will ever bring the world sgstn to a state worth living in .
The following extract appeared in the shape of a postcript to Letter V . : — In order to show how far we are cut off from the rights of nature , and reduced to a more contemptible stats then the brutes , I will relate an affair I had with a forester , in a wood , near Hexham , about three and twenty years ago : —While I was in the wood alone by myself a gathering of nuts , the Forester popped through tbe bashes upon me , and asked what I did there . I aaswereo , » Gathering nuts . ' ' Gathering nuts 1 ' said he . ' and dare you say so ! ' Yes , ' said I , ' why not Would you question a monkey , or a eqilrrel , about snob a business ? Aad am I to be treated as inferior to one of tbose creatures ?—or have I a less right ? Bat who are you , ' continued I , * that thus take upon you to Interrupt me V ' I'll let you know that , ' said he , ' when
I lay you fast for trespsaimg here . ' ' Indeed 1 ' answeriid I . ' But hew can I trespass here , where no man ever p lanted or cultivated , for these nuts are tbe spoitnneous gifts of nature ordained alike for the sustenance ef man and beast that choose to gather them , and therefore they are common . ' ' I tell you , ' said he , < this wood Is not common . It belongs to the Duke of Portland . '' Ob ! my service to tbe Sake of Portland , ' said I , ' nature knsws no more of him than of me . Therefore , as In nature ' s itoiehouso the rule Is , ' First come , first served ;' so the Duke ef Portland must look sharp if be wants any nuts , But In the name ot seriousneses , ' continued I , ' mustnot one ' s privileges be very great in a country where we dare net pluck a hazel nut ? Is tbis an Erg . lishmsn ' s birthright ! Is it for this we are called ' upon to serve in the militia , to defend this wood and this
country against the enemy t What must I say to tho French , if they come 9 If they jeerlogly ask me what I am fighting for t Must I tell them for my country !—for my dear country in whioh I dare not pluck a nut ! Would not they laugh at me f Tea . Aud do yoa think I would bear It * No , certainly I would not . I would throw down my musket , saying—Let such as the Duke of Portland , who claim the country , fight for it , for I am but as a stranger and sojourner , aud have neither part nor lot amongst them . '
» Defence. Gentlemen, I Wonder How I Cam...
» Defence . Gentlemen , I wonder how I came to stumble upon royalty hero , for it is what I am ia no wise addicted to , as the Attorney General Is very well acquainted with by means of his spies ; therofere , It ought to be looked on as » mere Inadvertency , and which naturally presented Itself to tbe mind of Nsbuchaaaezztr . I never conceived royalty to be entitled to my notice In this businesi ; far if the land be held by the people in the maaner I propose , it is impossible for the Executive administration , under whatever denomination , to make any inroads into the prerogatives of tbe public . Where , fore the title of king , consul , prestdcat , & a . > are quite indifferent to me : We know that kings eaisted in Sparta for many centuries , In company with iren-monsy , and small division of land . Therefore 1 st not Bsyalty duMir .
» Defence. Gentlemen, I Wonder How I Cam...
This reasoning hod such an effect on the forester tbat he told me to gather as many nuts as I pleased f ' * ' ' ~
F De 'Tnce. Gaatlemsn , I Can Hardl Y He...
f De ' tnce . Gaatlemsn , I can hardl y help being diverted that this Sylvan joke , twenty-four years old , made a part of a serious indictment at this clstar . ee ot time . It seems as if paying my sagacity a very high compliment ; but at the Burnt time is a pointed libel on tbe abilities and spirit of the whole nation , as if none bf sides were qualified to draw such alarmlrg conclusion ' ' and resolutions from the privation of our rights unless I put them up to it . Tbis shows what strange melamor . piloses ate likely to take place ia a man ' s writing ! wheo the spirit of lmjendo begins to move on their surface , I think I need say no more on this ridiculous subj -ot , but take care ho it I jiks for the future , especially in a time of war , and endeavour henceforth to be dutl—yes , stupidly dull—as the only meant of safety . From such cowardly indictments good lard deliver as !
Financial State Of Europe. (From The Bru...
FINANCIAL STATE OF EUROPE . ( From the Brussels Natio . y . ) Noona can doubt that the eosnomical and financial position of Europe has been in a great degree tho cause of the late convulsions which have occurredequally in those countries ia which political causes have produced the revolutions , as in those in which apparent tranquillity now exists , A covp-d ' siil therefore , at the general financial state ef Europe would be a criterion tor measuring the interests of the crisis and its probable results . That part of the charge which is now most oppressive generally on tbe people is the debt caused by the long wars into which the various countries have entered during and since the rei « n of Louis XIV ., and especially at the commencement of the present century , and the expense and maintenanoo of the permanent armaments whioh have not only abiotbcd an infinitely large portion of tho productive labour of the people , but have occupied the labour itself of a large portion of most effi . oient and healthy classes of the community . Tha debts of the various countries of Europe may be thus classed in round numbers : —
Great Bfiiain £ 860 , 000 , 000 Franca ... ... # > i 820 , 000 . 000 Holland ... ... ... 100 , 000 , 000 Russia and Poland ... ... 110 , 000 , 000 Spain ... , „ , „ 9 * 000 , 000 Austria , „ , „ , „ ei , ooo COO Prussia 30 , 000 , 000 Portugal ... ... . „ 28 , 000 , 000 Naples 26 , 000 , 000 Bslgtum ... ... ... 25 , 000 000 D « nmark ... ... ... 18 , 000 , 000 sully ... u . ooo ooo Papal dominlsns ... „ . IS 000 , 000 Greece ... ... ... 8 , 008 , 000 B « v * rfa 8 , 000 , 000 Brem « n 600 000
iranafor * ... ... , „ 1 , 800 , 000 Hamburg \„ 1 , 400 , 001 ) £ 1 , 785 , 000 , 000 Dtbts net ' enumtvated ... 215 , 000 , 000
£ 3 , 000 , 000 , 000 Requirine an annual provision to the extent of £ 100 , 000 , 000 for interest , in addition to at least £ 20 000 , 000 to £ 25 . 000 . 000 for expenses of collection . administtatioD , < bo . In addition to thia charge , already sufficiently ^ r go ( when it ia h bo remembered that the labour alone of the people can produce the means of paying it ) , is to be placed the cost of tho permanent armaments and their incidental expense ? . The smallest estimate of the permanent armies now emploved in the various states of Europe is absut £ 2 , 800 000 , kept up for " the protection as well on the land as at sea , of the several existing governments ; feeding , clothing , equipping , arming , and paying such a number of men , as well as arsenals , fortifications , slups , and all tho concomitant
expenditure , according to the several official documents , cannot hie less than an annual charge of £ 120 , 000 , 0 . 0 ; and suppose that each man bo employed could , in agricultural or other labo ur earn a sum of Is . 6 J , per day , the total sum of money thus totally lost to tbe public weal , and whioh ought , consequently , to be charged to joint expenditure , cannot be fairly stated at much less than £ 200000 , 000 perg annum . Add again tbe charges , already heavy enough , attendant on the administration of governments , the ; numerous ein . cures and pensions granted from the productive mourcea of the people , aod which cannot be estimated at less than £ 25 , 000 , 000 a year , and we shall then have some notion of the causes which prevent the labourer from deriving that recompense from his work , to whioh , under other circumstances , he might be justly entitled .
And if , even in addition to all this , we add the innumerable mass of idlers of all sorts , and persons of every description , who earn nothing by any effort of mind or body towards their own subsistence , and therefore live on the work of others , then we shall cease to feel surprised thas in spite of all combinations of government , of the efforts of economists and philanthropists , the workman becomes from time to time more impoverished , and the pauperism continues to increase in its intensity throughout Europe .
The population of Europe is about 250 mil ) ionsgof soul *; armaments of all kinds , including police . &<> ., 2 , 800 000 ; various employees of government , 2 , 000 , 000 ; idlers and unproducingchases , 20 , 000 , 000 . Is it not evident tbat tbis charge is too heavy for the population—that government and police cost too ranch—that permanent armameuts , paid , clothed , lodged , fed , and armed by the people , tend greatly to perpetuate tbe system ? And does not all this show
clearly that any late revolutions are but as a feather in the balance as the cause of the existing distress throughout Europe , whilst the attention of all governments , if they wish to attain quiet aud tranquillity , shouldbe directed to the reform of the waste * ful expenditure and ruinous system of management , and to endeavour to place within reach of the labonrer a greater share of the produce of the soil which he cultivates , and to producers of all sorts a greate & eaara in the direction of the affairs of their respective countries ?
Tbe Franklin Expedition.—We Translate Fr...
Tbe Franklin Expedition . —We translate from the MOKTRBil Misbrvb the following extract of a letter from a Canadian missionary ! the Rev . Father Tache , dated Isle a la Crosse , Hudson ' * Bay Territory , January 20 , 1848 : —* There is nothing new in this country , save an expedition whioh is already on its way in search of Captain Sir John Franklin , who left England in 1845 , for the purpose ef attempting to explore the north-west passage into the Pacific . The men composing this expedition winter near this p lace , at Fort Cumberland , with Mr G . Desohambault , and will pass through here in the spring , Sir John Richardson , who is to leave Montreal in a canoe , will be hero about midsummer . I believe this exoedition perfeotlv useless . Either Captain
Franklin has by this time got back to England , or he has perished in the ice . Besides , the expedition cannot reach tho Arctic Sea before the summer of 1849 . The firing of cannon was heard at the last post on M'Kenzle ' s River both last winter and the winter bafure . They were probably signals of distress . Unfortunately , it was im possible to go to their assistance . A Dr Hay is also in search on this side , No news of him has been received , and fears are en > tertained for his safety , so much the more as he embarked in open boats , and his rashness at sea is well known . ' The report that the firing of cannon was heard in tbe winters of 1846 and 1847 , towards the mouth of M'Keczie ' s River , seems to confirm that of the Esauimaux Indians , that p ' big canoe' had
been seen ashore there . The Nationai , Debt . —( From the Gazrttb . )—The Lords Commissioners of her Majesty ' s Treasury having certified to the Commissioners for the Reduction of the National Debt , in pursuance of the Aot , 10 th Georpe IV ., o . 27 . ieo . 1 , that the actual expenditure of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland exceeded the actual revenue thereof , for the year ended the 10 th day of October , 1848 , by the sum oi one million seven hundred and eighty-four thousand and thirty one pounds and two-pence ; the Commissioners for tho Reduction of the National Debt hereby give notice , that no sum will be applied by them on account of the Sinking Fond , under the nrovisions of the said Act , between the 7 th day of
January , 1849 , and the 5 ih day of April , 1849 . —S . Hicham , Comptroller-General . National Debt Office , January 4 . , . Pesi Oj-ficb Nones . —Some doubts appearing to exist whether inland postage is to be taken in the United Kingdom upon letters addressed to ba conveyed between the United Kingdom and the United States , by the contract packets belonging to the United States government , it is necessary it should be understood that no postage whatever is tO 1 ) 3 taken in this country upon the letters in question , as tho postage due for their conveyance will be eellected in the United States . Letters forwarded to the United States | by the British contract mail packet ! , or by any private ship , are liable to the same rutesas heretofore .
A ppalunq Traobdy in New Yohk . — An appalling tragedy was enacted on Friday , Dec . 22 nd , at the corner of Grand and Walnut Streets , New York . A German named Geizer lived with a German female as his wife . They were visited by another German named Marks , who , it ia supposed , seduced or attempted to seduce the affections of the female . On Friday a dreadlul quarrel occurred between the two men . and both were found dead , lying in their bleed , and the female bo dreadfully stabbed that she is sot expected to survive , it is supposed that Geizer went to the house ef Marks to obtain satisfaction for the real or imagined injury ; that the female was first stabbed ; and that then a sanguinary duel took place , in whioh both men wen killed .
Nip . 'Uoa ' s M ai ! shaj , s . —Marmont and Soult ara the only survivors of Napoleon ' s marshals . Uow to Wurea Well —Tha great secret how to kuowS l ^ r . UeDatUra ^ ff 0 RJ 0 D ( * > ™ r . SS ™ 2 . R * ? MI ,,, ¦ ~ y h " ,, the C 8 rk eisrdiani Kr & tr ChriBioM ^ P-P " A royal decree takes off the . tamp duty on n * ws-JaE bothFru ? 8 , an and fcwig » i from the let of Austria * Natiosai . Dbbt . —AI the conclusion of thewsr . in 1815 , the ' national debt ' of Austria waa two millions of fLrins . It ia now one thousand millions , KiDXAppiKO . —The brother of a clergyman at Oxford was kidnapped a few days ago , and hurried away to a private Lunatic Asylum , from the arms of hi wife .
Railway Cam . * . —The railway calls of January amount to £ 2 , 538 , 222 , being about a million aud a quarter more thus the last month . Napoleon . —Napo ' cm was elected First Consul ia 1796 ; Emneror in 1 S 04 ; sent to Elba in 1814 ; ra . turned in 1815 ; abdicated the same year ; died in 1821 . Jasnr Lihp Giit . —Over a beer chop in the High , Street , Hastings , are inscribed the words 'Jumy Lind's Gin . ' Dispatch of Bubinbss . —The Scottish Pnass points out the irony of tbe announcement that Pa . iiament will meet on tho lit of February for tho di * . patch of business / Awful Suicma . —A few days ago Mrs Twvaam , "ifeofDr Twynam . of Bishopstoke , destroyed herself by blowing out her brains with a gun . She waa subject to fi : s of mental derangement .
Eotptia » Coal Mike . —Accounts from Upper tgypt and Cairo state that an extensivo mine of good coal had been positively found in the vioiuiry of the town ef Esreb , on the Nile . Cosr op Ehglish Legislation . — -The salaries and expenses of the two Houses of Parliament are A 30 , 000 per annum—almost double as much ats ihe cost of the whole executive of the United States , Gauss and ErrHci . —Probably there ara nor , two words which more distinctly point cut cause and consequence than these—gin and bitters ! Gbomot . —The Durham Chronicle says that tho caverns at Keephead are to be shortl y excavated snd examined , aad that the investigation will be of great importance to the science of geology .
Poisoning bt Misxaks . —An aged lady , Mrs Harold , of Louth , has been poisoned by taking by njis tske a spoonful of an embrocation , instead of a doss of a aough mixture which had been sent by her & ur < geon . An Imsn Bun . —Captain Thomas Wilson , of tha brig Chameleon , of Marypnrt , at present lying in Ballyhenry Bay , near Portaferry , was found iff his bed on Friday ; It appears he had been complaining the day before ;—Irish Paper . —[ The editor should hare ' waked'him . ] Jenny Lind Bang gratuitously at Birmingham on Thursday week , in aid of the funds of tbe Queen ' g Hospital in that town . Upwards of 3 000 persons were uresest . Ths receipts were £ 1 , 300 .
Suddes Death . —On Sunday night week at Windsor , Joseph Richardson , a private soldier of the Coldstream Guards , was found dead in his sentry box . It is supposed he died from disease of the heart . Matrimonv . —At St Pancras Cburch last week there were no fewer than thirty pair united in tha 'hol y bonds ef matrimony , ' and on the day following ( Christmas Day ) fifteen couple more , the fees amounting to £ 25 17 s . 61 . BBNKVOLBNCK . —Thelate Mr Allan , of Modboltrie , has devised a great part of his fortune , £ 20 , 000 , to form a fund for granting annuities to widows of respectable character in Aberdeen and Old Macbar . Thb English Lakgoagb . —The difficulty of acquiring our language , which a foreigner must experience , is illustrated by tho following question : ' Did you over see a person pare an apple or e . pear with a pair of scissors ?'
The Tea . Thadb . — Total delivered in 1847 , 35 818 , 000 lbs . Home consumption from Lomion , 25 , 218 , 000 lbs . Total delivered in 1818 , 36 , 102 . 000 lbs , Home consumption from London , 26 352 , 000 lbs , A Tebiotai Maior . —Mr G . W . Harrison , the newly-elected mayor of Wakefield , at his inauguration dinner to the members of the corporation did not allow his guests any wine . Ginger beer , lemonade , aud water flowed profusely . DsathfuomCold— A railway policeman named John King was found dead in his box on Monday / morning week , The cause of his death waa not ascertained , but it was a bitter cold night . He has left a wife and four children . —Zaunfon Courier .
Geserosiit op Jennv . Lino . —This distinguished vocalist has spontaneously offered her services in a concert at Worcester , in aid of the charities of that city . The offer ef course has been accepted ; and the concert is to take place in the month of February . The prizs for £ 100 for the best Essay on Juvenile Depravity has been awarded to the Rev , Henry Worsley , Rector of Easton , in Suffolk . The judges were the Rov . John Harris , D . D ., the Rev . James Sherman , and the Rev . C . J . Vaughan , D . D . A Subterraneous Passage , —A subterranean passage , at Cheater , has been discovered , passing under two of tbe principal streets . It is hewn out of tha solid rock and it is just wide enough to allow one person to go along , with wider parts at intervals , used , no doubt , as passing places . It has not yet been explored .
As Eagle , —A prodigious sea esgle ( I / aliceius ) measuring seven feet from wing to wing , and weigh * iug upwards of cine pounds , was hilled wish aa ordinary gun , a few days since , at Langport , Dorsett DflRBT Sweeps . —At the Bow Street police office , a few days ago , Mr Thomas Casey , manager of a Derby Sweep Office , appeared to answer an information , at the suit of the Attorney-General , and waa sentenced te imprisonment for a month in the ITousa of Correction . He gave notice of appeal , and waa admitted to bail . Mar « iaqb . —There can bo no doubt that marriage is favourable to longevity . It is upon record that a Frenchman , named Do Lingueville , who lived to the age of 110 , had been married to ten wives . He married his last wife at the age of 92 , and she bore him a son when he was in his 101 st year .
Shipwreck . —A Cornish paper announces the loss of the ship Palinurus , 600 tons , Capt , Frederick Geare , homeward bound from Demerara , with a full cargo Of ium and sugar . She was wrecKed during the very strong gale of the 28 th ulfc ,, off Soilly Islands ; and there is reason to believe that the captain and the whole of his crew have perished . Extraordihary Fortune . —A labourer named Worth , employed in the rope yard of Devonport dockyard , has , by the death of his uncle , come into very considerable property . We have not heard the exact amount , but it it stated to be worth £ 20 . 000 .
Sew Destruction . —An extraordieary case of self destruction has just occurred at Berlin . The dead body of a man was found at daylight , by the constabulary , in a sitting position , on one of the benches of the Taiet-garten . From an examination of it , it appeared that the man must have placed a small packet of gunpowder in hia mouth , ignited it , and thus blown his head to pieces . ,. , , A HuiiAS Head has been discovered in a heap ox stones at Ballyvaughan , in tbocountyjof Clare . The body has not been discovered , nor can any person m the vicinity give any information on the matter to the authorities . The fleeh was firm , and the bleed seemingly quite fresh . It could not have been there mandays
y . __ „ Ijtcrbasbd Value or Gsovsb in thb Mbthopou 3 .-There ara many estatea n the metropolis whioh fifty years back were worth £ 3 an acre , aa caw pasturage and dairy ground , now realising from £ 1000 to £ 2 , 000 per acre per annum ! Many within thirty years , whioh were brickfield roughs ; now return half that rental , and in another generation these same estates on whioh the property of thousands has been outlaid , will in some instances yield to the colossal proprietors frem £ 100 . 000 to ; S 600 , 000 per annum ! - The Builder . To what Uaus wb may Retcbn at Last . —Ia Mr King ' s valuable account of the Chamber of Commerce , it ia stated that tbe leacen statue of King
George erected here in the last century was broken into pieces during the revolutionary war , sent np to Connecticut , where , in the family of the late Olives Wolcott , the ladies assisting , the metal was run into bullets to be used against the troops of the earns King George . . A Turk was publicly beheaded at Constantinople , on the 30 th ult ., for the crime of having , while in a state of intoxication , said that he did not eare a Straw for Allah or the prophet . Although hehad thus condemned the law of Islam , and had disregarded its prohibition of wine , he waa so good a Mussulman that when tried for the offence , he declared that he wan utterly unconscious of having ottered 8 U 0 h words , but waa ready and willing to die as the law directed if he could b * proved to have
spoken such blasphemy . mL Rotal Opinioms c * Bishops—The Queen , when Bishop Sherlock came to her , chid him extremely , and asked him if he was not ashamed to bo averreached in this manner , a second time , by the bishop of London ; and , after all she had said to him to point out his folly in following the Bishop of London in Bundle ' s affair , how he could be blind and weak enough to ba running his nose into another ' s dirt again ? The Kins , with his usual softness , ia speaking ef any people he disliked , called the bishops whenever he mentioned them in private on tbis occasion , a parcel of black , canting , hypocritical rascals , and said the government waa likely togo oa well if those scoundrels were to dictate to their prince how far he rhould or should not somply wtn the disposition of his parliament } and to be giving themselves these impertinent aire in opposing everyhing that did suit with their tillj opinions .-Hmey ' s Memoirs .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 13, 1849, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_13011849/page/3/