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Colonial antr fonxm s and to I January 1...
Colonial antr fonxm
FRANCE. DEeilsa or lotus sapoxsoij's pop...
THE MAIL ROBBERY ON THE GREAT WESTERN RA...
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Colonial Antr Fonxm S And To I January 1...
s and to I January 13 , 1849 . ^^^^^ THE NORTHERN STAR . 7
Colonial Antr Fonxm
Colonial antr fonxm
France. Deeilsa Or Lotus Sapoxsoij's Pop...
FRANCE . DEeilsa or lotus sapoxsoij ' s popciABirr . Taa following from the correspondence of the Tmm shows that the President ' s popularity is « rewiywaning—at least amongst the pop ulation of «* The feeling of dissatisfaction at the conduct and Sao want of energy of the President of the Republic If . IregrettopereeiTe on the increase . The complaintsone hears on all aides are not founded on any queahoiaof bis foreign policy , bnt rather srise out of tte distressed state of the popnlation and the era . fcarraismenta ef the Treasary ; , Domestic Buffering Bakes those who murmur almost entirely regardless Of what is passing in foreign countries ; and if one may judge by tha nature of the charges against the
. President and bis government , it would seem as if the French people , completely intent on their own condition , aad become oarelesa whether a republic or monarchy existed in any country of Europe . They Dave plenty to oosupy them at home without troubli ng themselves with the business of their neighbours . It is useless to inquire of those wh * express discontent the precise charges against their new chief . There is no particular act censured , bo far as can ba observed ; no accusation brought against him for any specific fact . It it precisely what the discontented term his want of energy , bis apathy , his indifference to th © state of the country , his originative no meaflare to relieve its condition or rtnder its embar rassments less , that have excited a feeling so different from that which existed scarcely a fortnight since .
* It may be that great Buffering tends to render men impatient and unreasonable ; bnt tha fact is . that the discontent is great , tha suffering perhaps etill greater ; the extrication from iTewhcImng evils believed to be , if not possible , at least difficult in the extreme . The situation is sad indeed , and one which requires no ordinary amount of energy and skill to oambat or relieve ; and it is useless to conceal the fact that Louis Napoleon ia not now . whatever be might bave bsen . believed to be the man who is destined to says the country .
' The beet reputations and tbe greatest popularity are not proof against revolution . To those who beheld the triumphant passage of the new President through Paris not many days since , it must be strange to witness the change which has taken place since then . Will it be believed that beis were offered this day , and in a place of publio retort , that , before two months , the President would be at Vincennes , either in consequence of an nnsuc-¦ oessful coup d ' etat , or of something still more formidable ?• The following is the eslebrated letter of Prince liOnis Napoleon to M . Leon de Mslleville , which caused the resignation of the latter : — Eltiee , Dec . 27 , 1 SI 8 .
Monsieur le UiaU tr e —I have ai & ed the Prafcotof Police if he did not sometimes receive reports on diplomacy . He has replied in the affirmative , and bas added that ba yesterday tent tbe copies of a dispatch on Italy . These dispatches , you will understand , ought to be sent to me directl y , and I mast expreta to you my disconteat at the delay which yon have allowed to elapse in com . municating them to me . I beg of you also to send rae ' the sixteen cartoons which I bava demanded . [ These are tbe document !
relative to the affairs of Strasbourg aad Boulogne . ] I do not understand , either , wh y the Minister of tho Interior should draw up tbe articles which are personal to me ; that was sot done eo under Locis Philippe , and It matt not be so now . For some dajf , alto , I bave not received telrgraphio despatches ; in short , X perceive very well tbat tbe Ministers whom I bave aamed with to treat me as if the famous Casstitation of Sieyes were in force , hut I will not suffer it . Seceive , UoasUar le Mioistre the assurance of my sentiments of high distraction .
L . N . BOOJUriHTE . P . S . I forgot to say that there are still at St Lszarre -eighty women in a state ef arrest , of whem only one na « teen brought before a council of war ; tell me if I bave tbe right to bave tbem aet at liberty ; for in that cage I shall give the order at this very initant .
APP 0 ISTUBS 73 . The MoNiHCR of Thursday published a decree of tbe President of the Republic , dated 2 ad mat , appointing Vice Admiral Cecilia Ambassador of France to the Court of Great Britain ; and M . Lagrene Plenipotentia-y of the French Republic at the onferences about to be opened at Brussels for the settlement of the Italian question .
THE PAPAL QUESTION . The Spanish and Portuguese governments have made a proposition , in common with the government of the Republic with a view to the holding of conferences between the three governments , as to the present position of the Pope , and the beat mode of restoring him to his dominions . The two governments propose that tbe conference should be held either at Madrid or Barcelona . Tha French go Ternment has not hitherto given any reply in this respect . THS ASSEMBLY .
At the conclusion of the sitting of the National Assembly on Wednesday , an interesting discussion took place 0 * 1 the laws with respect to the combinations among workmen , for the purpose of raising wage ? , &\ In France the combination laws are atiil in force , and tbat in the most stringent sense . By that portion of the penal code which has reference to combinations , a difference it drawn between a combination of workmen and that of masters . In the case of workmen , the very fret of their having combined is considered aa a delict , ii-dependently of all aggravating eircumsinnees , such as the employment of threats or of violence . Both acts are off = nces in the eyes of the law ; but where threats or vio . Jenee are employed , the amount of punishment is of course considerably greater . In the cage of masters ,
coalition or combination is not of itself considered as an offence ; it only becomes so when the object of it is to reduce wages unjustly and unduly . Snob is the state of the law as it has stood since the time of the Empire ; but M . Merin brought forward a pro position some months ago , which , after bavin * been considered and amended by no less than two committeeJi was brought before the Assembly . The principle of the measure consists in suppressing the difference established by the penal code , and reestablishing a perfect equality between workmen and masters ; It proposed simply to strike the offence -called combination ont of the penal code , and not to punish coalitions , whether on tha part of workmen or masters , in any case , unless when they were . accompanied by the aggravating and really unlawful circumstances of violence , threats , or other illicit
tnaneaavres . Tha measure was strongly opposed by M . Leon Faueher . the new Minister of the Interior , MM . Ayles , Baroche , and Rouher . They each insisted oa the grave inconveniences which might result , not only in the interests of the masters , but of the workmen themselves , from proclaiming tbe complete and absolute liberty of coalition among workmen . The reason given by M . Fancier for a different law in the two countries is carious . In England , ' said be , ' without doubt , the liberty ef combination is
absolute ; there is in the coalition an enormous eoncourence ; but there tho remedy it hy tha side of the evil ; for if the English workman refuses to work , the frontier is constantly open to all foreign products , and these products may replace those which the natural industry does not give . In France it is not the same case , To authorise coalition would be to csnstitnte these armies of workmen almost always in a state of open war against the heads of the workshops ; it wonld be to or ganise insurrection in the ateliers ; it would be the organisation of permanent
war . ' 132 P This Leon Faueher is the chief of the French Free-Traders ! These plunderers and oppressors 0 . the proletarians are tbe same heartless crew all tbe world over . —Ed . N . s . J Faueher and his supporters insisted that the anestion should bs referred to another special commission , and the majority of the Assembly went with thee . The consequence is , that further evidence will be taken on the subject , and another report made s or , in other words , the measure is shelved . between
A sharp contest took place on Thursday the moderate party and tbe ultra-democrats , on the occasion of tha monthly election of the president , vice-president , and secretaries of the Committee ot Foreign Affairs . M . de Momay has been elected president , his opponent being M . Bastide . late Minuter of Foreign Affairs . M . Ayliea has been elected wee . prerident . aeaicetM . BauDe , one of the most exalted of the MonUgnaras . MM . Hetekeren and Edmondde Lafayette , beth moderates , bare bean elected secretaries , the competitors being MM . ZaviexDurrien and Buvignier , ultra-democrats . THE MREiaS POLTCT 6 * THB Kit OOMKWBST .
In the Assembly on Monday M . Beaune ascended the tribune to address questions to tbe Cabinet relative to Foreign Affairs . M . Beaune said that he did not object to the passage of the ministerial programme , in whioh it was stated that the government would aot lightly engage the honour of France . But the Constitution bring now voted , and 0000 , 000 oi auffra ge 3 hiving elevated to the presidency the Beohewofthe Emperor Napoleon , France should no lonwr nweananonymouspohey . It was indispen-• SSfriat the conduct of the new government should l ^^ r fhm AlthoBg hBroBselshadbeen fixed forSS ofmea ^^ m TTJrenee had been appointed to replace M . de - " ^^ SIS ^ m w FnolflBd had no interest in i » iy * ° ™ r „„ . _ £ 3 £ ~ r ** siS"Wre UTJ ^^ ASUe ^ Pope , who
BT preferred , to the hospitahtj ^*« ftK £ ATlftte TSJSSo ? of his cities , £ ^ eSt £ r Sicilian question , was war to > rj-«^« i nrwig the armistice concluded on ttta Sffdffl tTbe Continued ? He demanded rKoriSreply to those questioni in the interest
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of humanity and tbe honour of France . From thence M . Beaune travelled to Spain . He wished that country to be allowed to govern itself freely , and that France should renounce that dynastic policy that bad pressed on bath during tbe last eighteen years , and that no less disgraceful system pursued aires February , which converted the soldiers of France into agents ef the Holy Hermandad . He then passed over to Prussia and Austria . The letter , he maintained , w ? s tbe soal of the Holy
Alliance , and to show the ill-will of her rulers towards France , he cited an expression of one of her diplomatists , who recommended tbat' the French revolution ba left to stew in its own gravy . ' The emancipation of Italy , the alliance with free Germany , and tbe reconstruction of Poland , should bs the main objects of tbe policy of France ; After an excursion to Constantinople , and a recommendation to send a French fleet to protect the integrity of the Ottoman Empire , M . Besune descended from the tribune .
M . Droum de Lhuys , Minister for Foreign Affairs , who followed , declared that the pending negotiations imposed npon him the utmost reserve- He maintained that the negotiations opened at Brussels ware not broken off , and that the mediation had not been refused by Austria . The question at issue was one of pesos and war . There were two policies in presence since February ; one favourable to peace , and the other inciting to war . He advocated the former , and should never be a partisan ef the latter . M . Lamartine here rose and justified the foreign policy pursued by the Provisional Government with the full concurrence of all its members , and invited its opponents to a public discussion on its merits .
M . Ledru Rollin , wbo followed , contended that tbe policy of the Provisions ! Government had been pacific and fraternal . He was ready to repeat the explanation he had already given respecting the expedition to Risquons Tout . The manifesto of the 5 th March proclaimed ths nropaganda of ideas ; it declared the treaties of 1815 at an end , at the same time that the boundaries of the different states , fixed by those treaties , should be respected . He then examined the palic ; pursued with regard to Sicily . There , also , negotiations were at an end , in consequence ef the protest of Spain , and the declaration of the Emperor Nicholas that he would defend with the sword the treaties of 1815 . What was the conduct of France in Rime ? She knew that Austria was marching
her troops towards the Pontifical dominions . She knew that a compact existed between Austria and Naples to restore the Pope , and he understood , but amid not believe , that France had joined the league . He had beard that a Cabinet Council had been held at tbe close of December , and that it wonld allow the intervention of Austria and Naples to be proposed for the restoration of the Pope . He also waa informed that on the first of January , the President of the Republic went up to the Papal Nuncio , and , in presence of the whole Corps Diplomatique , had given him an assurance that the Pope would soon be reinstated in his temporal pewer . If it was tree that Austria and Naples were preparing to enter ths Roman states , tbe governmet t was bound by the
manifesto of the 5 th March to oppose that intervention , for that manifesto declared tbat France would canse Italian independence to be respected . The Roman revolution was legitimate . The Roman people were Justified in rising against a temporal sovereign . Ministers , when asked what was tbe coarse pursued by tbe Cabinet , replied , negotiations were pending , instead of acting . The situation was grave in the extreme . Russia hag declared tbat she would maintain by her arms the treaties of 1815 . A Russian fleet was at present in the Adriatic , sup * ported by 80 , 000 men ol theMoldo-Walfachian army , Prussia was marching troops to the Rhenish provinces , and a Prussian General had lately proposed , at a dinner given to his officers , the following
toast—1 To our next meeting on the banks of tbe Rhine . ' England herself hsd been alarmed by these military movements , and had lately sent one of her ablest statesmen to Belgium to inquire into their object , after which be repaired to Paris . M . Ledrn Rollin maintained that energetic measures were indispensable , in presence of tbe military movements of Russia aad the other Absolutist Powers , and the recent declaration of the Emperor of Russia that ho would defend with armstthe treaties of 1815 . Napoleon bad said tbat Europe would be either Republican or overrun by the Cossacks in the Bourse of fifty yean . The Czar appeared disposed to realise the latter
part of the prediction . It was not only the cause ol the republic , but that of civilisation . France had received the mission to protect . By following another course , the government wonld betray tbe country and promote the cause of barbarity . M . Drouin de Lhuys , having risen , called on M . Ledru Rollin and his friends , if they wished to substitute a question of war for a question of negotiation , to bring forward a proposition to that effect . ( Cries of' The order of the day' from all sides . ) M . Laroohejacquelin said that be opposed the order of tbe day because it was necessary that the Ministry should tell the Assembly if the facts denounced by M . Ledru Rollin should be imputed to tbat Cabinet or te the preceding one .
M . Drouyn de Lhuys replied tbat the mediation relative to Sicily was said to be at an end . Tbis was not the esse ; the negotiations were still pending , and no declaration of the nature described by M . Ledru R ^ lin bad been made to the English and French Governments . There was no truth , either in the meeting of a Cabinet Council at wbicb a ccmoked invasion of Italy with Austria and Naples had been agreed to . The veto ot Russia had net impeded the Sicilian negotiation ? , and if another Power wished to participate in them France eeuld sot ob ject to it . If two hundred thousand Russians menaced France , which he denied , France had five hundred thousand men to oppose to them . It / as not exact , either , to say tbat Prussia was arming . The Government having applied to the Cabinet of Berlin for information on tbe subject , was assured that , since April last , so increase had taken place in the Prussian army . On the contrary , its effective force had been reduced .
M . Ledru Rollin again rose , and maintained the accuracy of the fact he had adduced , and which were furnished to him by foreign diplomatists . In reply to an allusion of M . Larochejacquelin . M . Ledru Rollin said tbat be was so sincerely converted to the Repnblic tbat he offered , on the 25 th of February , to accept the embassy to St Petersburg . M . Larochejacquelin replied , that when the Revolution occurred , he had been sent for by M . Lamartine , who had offered him an embassy . M . Lamartine confirmed that statement . After a few words from Drouyn de Lhuys and De Traoy , Minister of Marine , the Assembly passed to the order of the day .
DISSOLUTION OF TBI ASSEMBLY . Petitions continue to crowd in from the department ? , urging ( and some in very strong terms ) the National Assembly to dissolve . The feeling on that point appears to be strong in the provinces . The Courier de la Gironob goes so far as to recommend tha President to dissolve the Assembly by force , and reminds him that he has determined military chiefs to support him , if necessary . PERSECUTION 07 IBE DEU 0 C 3 AT 3 .
A married couple , named Leclerc , were tried last week before the court-martial for taking part in the insurrection of Jane . The husband , a journeyman painter , commanded tho insurgents at the capture of the post on the Place Maubert , and he then set it on fire by means of straw and turpentine . Tho woman who was a cantjni « re of the 12 th legion , also acted with the insurgents , and vent round to tradesmen to compel them to give the materials for burning down the post . She was sentenced to five years ' imprisonment , and her hnsband to two .
The CossiiTtmoHNii . ( Thiera ' s paper ) , gives the following : — 'Letters from Caen state that about fifty insurgents lately amnestied , and coming frem Cherbourg , manifested on their way , by their language and conduct , such an evident disposition to create new disturbances , that the National Guard of Caen assembled of its own accord , and surronnded and escorted these dangerous men . The exasperation became so great , tbat the prefect and the other magistrates fonnd it prudent to place the offenders in confinement , and send to Paris for instructions as to tbe ultimate disposal of them . '
f There can bs no doubt that the allegation ta to the' dangerous language and conduct' of the amnestied insurgents is a lie , got up' to cover this in f amous attack of the Caen bourgeois npon the unfortunate democrats . These villains of tbe shop will not allow the government to show merey , even when so disposed . —Ed . N . S « l M . Thomassin , one of the founders of the famous banquet da people , which waa to have taken place at Vincennes , has jnst been released after a captivity of six months in forts and on the pontoons , nasi * icAXT ! General Cbaogaraier visited the Military Hospital of Val-de-Graee en Tuesday . On that occasion some National Guards repeatedly cried ' Vive General Changamiir . ' The operative ! in the Faubourg then quitted their workshops , crying ' Tm la Eepuliique Dcmoeratiqu t it Soeiale . IBS LEOITIUISH .
The Tnre ? correspondent esys : — 'Is is observed that the hopes of the Legitimists are becoming higher every day ; It wa ? remarked , for in these times no ' . hing passes unnoticed , that at the last reeeption ef M . de Falloux , the concourse of Legitimists of ancient family , such as the Montmorencies , & a , waspreater than at any period ainco the revolution of 1830-at least in the salons of a Minister-Two of the most distinguished statesman of the day , who were present , are said to have declared openly that the Republic bad now had a fair chance , and it was evident that it was a form of government incompatible -with the character or sympathies of the French people .
„ _ M . raouDHoy . M . Proudhon is seriously ill of typhus fever . 2 HX BOURGEOISIE . A carious fact , illustrative of the determined hostility of thebourgcoirie of Paris to everything appertaining to Republicanism , occurred on Sunday , on the occasion of the election of a Colonel of the 10 th Legion of the National Guard . General Lauristen , personally unknown to the inhabitants of that quar-
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ter of ^ ari , having nothing recommend him but his well-known Legitimist principles , obtained 1 , 852 votes ; while M . Ramond , who was persoi ally known to the arrondissemenfc . and justly beloved by his comrades , polled only 1 . 121 .
GERMANY . PAHIC OP THB ROYALIST IERH 0 BI 3 IS OF VIBNNA . It is asserted in a proclamation issued by the Governor of Vienna , tbat ' a club of evil-designing knaves' has been formed for the purpose of storming the bastions by night and of spiking the cannon thereon . The governor ( Field-Marshal Welden ) adds that , should any attempt of that kind be made , all the troops in garrison will be ready to act at a quarter of an hour ' s notice ( the alarm to be given ' . ey three cannon shots ) , and informs the public tbat the sentinels have received orders to fire on all persons approaching the fortifications by night and in a body . It appears that the conspirators are distinguished by wearing black feathers in tbeir hats . All persona found wearing snob emblems , or glased bands , or white buckles in their hats , are immediately arrested .
DIVIDE ABD C 0 KQUER . According to letters from Lembenr , the Austrian authorities are still doing all tbey can to put down the Polish' element' ( that is to say , all Polish tendencies ) , and to foster tbe Ruthenian one . Those Poles who some time ago returned to Ga'icia , from their respective places of exile , have received orders to leave the country again . THB DBLICACV OF THE ' TIMES . ' - The Vienna correspondent of the Trass , after detailing the atrocities of General Weldea ' s terrorism
adds : —* One cannot in justice but say that it serves them right . They are indeed very wroth , and take their revenge by making the moat atrocious puns and conundrums on the score of the Emperor , Prince Windisohgrafz , and tfesJBaa of Croatia . Nor can respect for the sex induce them to spare the Princess Sophia , for that Isdy and the Ban are made the subject of a disgusting caricature . I will not shock the decency of your readers by a detailed account of it , but I will merely say that it is much admired by tbe Viennese . '
PERSECUTION . The first steps of the prosecution of the deputies who endeavoured to incite tbe people in the provinces to refuse the payment of taxes have been taken . In addition to the arrest of M . Temme , other measures of the government show that the proscription of the deputies of the left who joined in the refusal of the taxes vote will be an active one . M . Bredt , Commissary of the district of Elberfeld , has been suspended from his ( ffice . M . Fischer , Assessor of the Upper Court of Dalmen , has also been arrested .
An extraordinary aot of suicide was committed a few days ago at Erfurt . A soldier , who bad been deernded from the rank of a non-commissioned officer , placed himself in front of a twelve-pounder , and blew himself to pieces . One of his arms was picked np in a publio rquare in the to < vn . The ball in its progress oocsiderably damaged five houses . Disaffection o * thb Visiwkse . —The same cor * respondent writing on tbe 2 nd iost ., says : — ' New Year ' * Day has brought another severe proclamation
from General Welden , informing us that there are still people who defy all military and civil authority , and announcing the General's resolution to banish from Vienna all foreigners , and all Austrians not Viennese , unless they give tbe most satisfactory reasons for the necessity of their stay in this town . Now , it is true the people , especially in the Rubutbs , are refractory and disaffected , but tbe gallant General ' s measures are not the less vexatious and unadvised . He cannot banish the real enemies of the Government , viz , the Viennese themselves . ^
The censorship is re-established in substance , though not in name . The state of siege , far from being relaxed , is likely to be enforced with greater severity . The year 1848 was a year of destruction and misery , but this 1849 threatens to be worse , at least as far as Austria is concerned .
THE WAR IN HUNGARY . After the capture of Presburg , Prince Windischgratz ordered the Austrian standard to be displaced . To this come Hungarians objected , and their Field Marshal answered . — ' The Hungarians have themselves declared the pragmatic sanction abolished . They cannot , consequently , be surprised that Austria should agree to that , and henceforth treat Hungary , like Bohemia , as a province of the monarchy . ' According to the Daily New ? , intelligence from Vienna to the 1 st , states tbat Prince Windischgraiz on that day sent in a dispatch from the Ban of Croatia , reporting the rencontre of the Ban ' s division with a troop of Hungarians , commanded by General
Perezel . Being informed of the presence of General Pert-gel's forces in tbe vicinity ot Moor , Baron Jellachich marched on the 29 th ult . from Kiaber upon Moor , where he found tbe Hungarians , aboat 10 , 000 strong , in an advantaeeons position . Baron Jellschich's division is 23 . 000 men strong ; nevertheless , he thought it advisable to wait for some reinforcements . At length he ordered the Hungarians to be attacked by the brigade of Grama ont , and by the Wallmoden Cuirassiers , who , with General OttiFger , bad joined hira from the corps d ' armee of Prince Wifidisehgralz . The Wallmoden Cuirassiers forced the enem y's position , and captured six pieces of artillery , and a good many prisoners . ( The bulletin mentions several thousands . ) The
Hungarians upon this commenced their retreat , which they effected in good order , in the direction of Stuhlweissenburg . Notwithstanding these bulletins of victories gained by the Austrians the Vienna correspondent of the Times intimates that the victories hitherto gained have been of little moment . This precious correspondent significantly adds : — ' I shall be happy to see the Magyars conquered ; but until they are conquered I will not say they are so . ' Impartial and generous man I The Vienna correspondent of the Times , writing on the 2 od instant , says : — 'Yesterday ' s bulletin , containing the account of Baron Jellachich's victory , is more satisfactory than any of the former ones . Its style'ia lesa pompons , end it seems to be more true . There ia , indeed , a slight mistake about the numbers , for it seems strange that the Ban fought with from eight thousand to ten thousand Hungarians ,
several thousands of whom were capture I , and many more slain , and that as many as eight thousand ; of the ten thousand have effected their retreat . To make amends we have a splendid bulletin from the other side , in which the battle and retreat at Wieselburg is held np as a signal victory . I sent you all the news I could collect about the Wieeelburg fight , and that tho Hungarians made a smart battle and covered their retreat . Prince Windischgrafz ' s bulletin says , they ran away in a ' wild flight , ' , and I think ;! mentioned how destructive that wild flight ' proved to the Austrian division . Now , General Georgy , the Hungarian leader , will not even oonfess the retreat , bat begins his report , ' Vivat the Magyar ! To-day we have conquered ; ' and then comes a long description of the battle , in which , if General Georgy is to be credited , the Austrians ran
sues or oomobn . It is stated in the correspondence of tha Times , that tho army commanded by General Wrbna , arrived before Comoro on the SOth of December last , and summoned that fortress to surrender . This request not being complied with , the Imperial troops surronnded Comorn on either bank of the Danube . The siege is now being carried on . Comorn is commanded by lieneral Meytheny , formerly an officer of the Imperial army . The properties of several of the Hungarian nobles have been confiscated , including Count Louis Batthiany , Count Anton Zippary , and the Counts Gdfiimir Batthiany aud Vidoe ,
HUNOARIAI 7 TACTICS , The correspondent of the Times says : I have had some interesting conversations with Magyars from the conquered districts of Presburg , R » ab , and Tyrnau . Their account of the campaign are far different from those which have been published in the bulletins . They protest it was never Kossuth a plan to make anything like a stand in theso-caljed German Comitats , that is to saylin those Hungarian counties in which the majority of the inhabitants are German ; bat to draw his troops back as tbe
enemy advanced , and to carry the stores away and to destroy them . But they say , whereover the Magyars did find it necessary to make head against the Imperial forces , they fought with great gallantry . Thu ? , at Tyrnau , &\ WW Maeyars held out against 17 . 000 Austrians for above three days . They say . farther , that the whole pea . sant population of Hungary is for Kossuth and against ibe Emperor ; that the inhabitants of the cities are indeed lukewarm in the cause , but that verv Maevar on the Moors is resolved to make tnis a Russian campaign for Prince Windisohgrafa . in whioh BndR . Pesth is to rtand in the plwe of
Moscow . AUSTRIAN USB UNHA'KD , The Tmss correspondent says :- 'In a former let . tor I commented on part of a bulletin in which it was asserted that General Urban , after hunting the Magyars through the whole of Siebenburgen , and driving them over the frontier , had returned , m four forced marches to Klousenburg . I took ft * liberty of pointing out to you how absurd it would be in a general , after the fatigues of »^* . Purt ^* » J 5 JJ ! 5 hit troops in forced marches back to a place which w ^ not in want of protection , leaving the frontier
ooen to fresh inroads . A report from llermsnnstaat ia Siebenburgen , in the Wianutt Zaixinsa , i & vahdates the statements of that bulletin , for in it mention is made Of General Urban and hia corps , and it is quietly asserted tbat that brave General was for a long time surrounded and sorely pressed by the Hungarian Szekler Hussars . The practice of writing the bulletins all on one side is as impolitic as odious .
ITALY . Letters from Venice of the 23 rd tilt ., state that tha Austrians , having attacked Malghera , were repulsed at the point of tbe bayonet , by the Pontifical troops in garrison at that foil ,
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It is stated in a letter from Pisa , of the 23 d ult ., that on that day three hundred Hungarian deserters from the Austrian army had passed through that o » y . on their way to Tuscany , to enter the Italian bod W 6 re the aQTBncea Board of a larger It is rumoured that the Congress is not to take olace at Brussels , and Sir II . Ellis , M . de Tocauoville , Signer Ricci , and the other Brussels sprouta are to abstain from protocoling for tbo present .
m , „ STATU OF BOMB . l nB ™ P having published a protest against all that bas been done by the Roman government since be thoiiiht proper to' out and run , ' the said protest was placarded at Home , but the people immediately tote it down . The Alha . of the 28 th ult . contains a report of the sitting ot tbe Chamber of Deputies of the 26 th nit The ministry having promised a deputation of the clubs that tbe conslituente of the stafca should be proclaimed on tbat day , at tbe opening of tbe sitting the minister read a letter from the Junta , in whioh it declared that if the ministry and the chambers should not immedia tely proclaim tbe conslituente , the Juu a would take the initiative with regard to it . The minister then read his report , and a project of the electoral law . He then delivered a speech , in which be pointed out tbe necessity of immediately calling the conslituente , in order to prevent popular movements .
The deputies thus found themselves obliged to come to some decision . The majority would not hear of a conslituente ; but as , on the other hand , there appeared to be imminent danger in refusing it , a medium course ought to be adopted . Several deputies asserted that the chamber was incompetent , and on tbat and other pretexts tho majority declared against tho constituent * . 1 he agitation in tbe publio tribunes now became very great , when one of tbe deputies contrived to quit the chamber , leaving it in insuffi ient number to deliberate . The chamber then declared itself unable to contitue its discussions , notwithstanding the protest of tbe deputy Audinot . who required it to proceed forthwith , to save the country from aaarchy . The people in the tribunes then became exasperated , and hissed and hooted the deputies , who immediately separated . Thus ended the sitting . The ministry has declared that to-morrow it would aot on its own responsibility . DISSOLUTION OF THB CHAIIBBRS—A CON 3 T 1 TUB . M
ASSEMBLY CONVOKED ! Advices from Rome of the 28 sh ult ., announce that the Minister of the Interior on that day read the decree for the dissolution of the chamber ? , which broke up accordingly . Tse decree for the convocation of the Constituent of the Roman States was publithed at Rome on the afternoon /) f the 29 ih uit . The Castle of St Angelo salted the ewnt with 101 discharges of cannon , acd tbe people exhibited the greatest enthusiasm , Tbe Assembly will be elected by universal suffrage and the ballot . There will be 200 rsembers , paid at the rate of two crowns a day , without property qualification . The Acstmb / y will meet at Reme on the fob inst . SIGNS OF A KBNKWAI , OF THE WAR IN LOMBARDY .
The Pibdmoktese Gazettb cl the 2 d publishes an address of tbe Committee of the Provinces of Parma , Placenoia , Modena , and Reggio , to the President of the Council of Mifiisters , praying for the resumption o f hostilities . This address was presented on the 24 th ult . The Gbnoa Gazette , of the 1 st , siates that the Genoa and Milan courier had returned with the letters and journals for the latter city , the Austrians having refused to let him pass the frontier . It was said that Radetzky intended to resume hostilities himself ; he has concentrated troops on the frontier , and particularly at PJaoeccia .
SPAIN . TUB qVEBN AnKBSXED . We take the following choice ptory f rom the ?»? OR . V « iso Post : —* Madrid , Deo . 30 . —The Queen of Spain and tho ladies arrested ! Wbo would have thought it ? And yet auch was the c « e the other ni ght . It is a favourite custom of her Majesty to leave the palace in disguise after dark , and visit one of her favourites , for the fun of the thing , as she eays . Narvatz is aa well aware of this as any member of tho royal household , and winked at the frail monarch ' s escapades , until he discovered that the Grandee cabal bad gained such an influence over her , tbat she was actually in the habit of repairing to the residence
of a certain noble , where the hostile coterie met to revel and plot , . This of course opened the eyes of the Dictator to the excessive impropriety of Isabella ' s nocturnal vagaries , and he determined to disgust hor , if passible , with such proceedings , and at the same time gratify his own vindictive feelings , now fully roused by her enmity—an enmity whioh some time since wonld have reduced him to his original insignificance , if Madame Muncz had not considered his maintenance . in power necessary . In effect , he stationed police agents near a secret door of the palace on the night the Queen was expected to go out , with orders to arrest the first person who opened it . At about half-past ten o ' clock the Queen , lictie suspecting what was in store for her , quitted her
residence by the private door , and was almost immediately made a prisoner , and that too in euoh a rude manner , for ber captors were ignorant of her rank , that she got frightened , and cried out * I am the Queen ! ' Suffice it to say that she was taken back to the palace by an officer in the confidence of Narva < z , who was in waiting close by , whilsH the Dictator got out of the scrape by pretending tbat the police had made a mistake , whilst waiting to surprise an individual who was suspected of robbing the palace by means of a false key tbat fitted the secret door . Occurrences like this may appear incredible in England , but here they are matters of notoriety , albeit tbey are not commented upon as thev deserve to be in society and by the press , for fear of the vengeance of the government .
THB CARU 8 I WAR . In common with onr contemporaries we published in our last number a report ot a great victory gained by Cabrera over General Concha . The said report turns out to be a fabulous invention .
INDIA . THB WAR IN MOULTAX . The following is from the summary & f the Bombat Times :- 'At the date of our last , the troops which had crossed tbe Ravee had been directed to advance , and we have now assembled on the Chenaub , under the command of Lord Gough in person , an army of 20 , 000 men , with seventy pieces of artillery—including three resiments of dragoons , five of regular and feur of irregular native cavalry , seven troops of horse , and as many companies of foot artillery , with five field batteries of European , and fifteen of native infantry . These are expected to advance to the northward in two divisions , in qneit of an enemy . One body of insurgents , about 15 , 000 strong , are said
to be posted a little way beyond the Jhelata , under Shere Singh and his brother , and a brother of Moolraj ; Chuttur Singh is somewhere near Peshawnr . The troops at the last-named station have mutinied . Major Lawrence and Lieutenant Bowie were obliged to seek safety in flight : they are now in Kohat . The troops in Attock remain faithful , fand Captain Abbott is etill able to hold his own in the Hezireb country . Of the Jampo division , under Colonel Steinbaob , we have heard nothing since our last . After some days of severe skirmishing before Moultan , an attack was made on the field-works established near our camp , and by the fire from whioh our troops had been for some time greatly annoyed . The arrangements seem to have been admirablethe conduct of the troops beyond all praise . The enemy were broken and driven back at all pointsfive of their guns remaining in our hands . This
occurred on the 7 : h Nor . Since tben everything has remained as formerly . The first portion of the Bombay column , above 7 , 000 strong , with twenty . four guns , left Roree on the 21 st ult ., and would be all on their upward march within a week afterwards ; they would probably reach Moultan between the 12 th and 20 th inst A detachment , consisting of the 3 rd Native Infantry , Turnbull'a battery , and £ 00 of Jacob ' s horse , had got as far as Oooh , but when within a week ' d marjh of Moultan were directed to halt . All the troops now in the field , amounting to above forty thousand in number , including WhUh ' aaray and the garrison at Lahore . and including some 15 000 of our allies' seem in excellent health and the highest spirit . It is doubtful whether any operation of importance will be commenced until all our troops shall have arrived at their posts . , _
( From the American papers . ) THB GOLD MANIA . The excitement with regard to California continuea unabated . Every day we hear further accounts of the productiveness of the gold regions , Indeed , the first class of diggers are beginning to talk of returning home to enjey their fortunes . Letters are constantly published from individuals connected with the army , and well known here , whioh state that they have money enough , and they are about to return * One person talks of thousands of pounds of gold being stored up by himself and his associates . Others speak of the mountain ores as being still richer than the river sands . Rich silver mines are known to exist in various parts of the country , but they are not worked . Quicksilver mines are fonnd at innumerable places , and many of them afford the riehest ore . Tha new Almaden mine at Santa Clara gives the richest ore of which we hare any accounts .
AKAHCHT IN CAMFORBIA . Something should be done here at once for the establishment of peace and good order in the country . All law , both civil and military , isat an end . Among the mines , and indeed most parts of the country out of jfeho villages , no authority bnt tbat of tbe strongest Mists ; and outrages of the moat disgraceful nature are constantly occurring , and the offenders go unpunished . There are now about twenty-five vessels i ? l P ° « » nd I believe there is not one of them that has a crew to go to sea , Thb Divorce Cask . —One of the nine dava' WOUdetB 01 the press is the case of Mrs Butler , h is now asserted that Mr Butler has withdrawn his suit , has settled a proper income upon the lady , and permits one of the children to reside with her .
The Mail Robbery On The Great Western Ra...
THE MAIL ROBBERY ON THE GREAT WESTERN RAILWAY .
Exutxb , Satdb » at . —The prisoner * charged with having , on new year ' s night , broken into tho Post Office tender , while the train was in motisn , between Bristol and Bridgewater , were brought up this morning for re examination before the magistrates . The spacious Guildhall was densely crowded . The chairmen and secretaries of the Great Western , South Devon , Bristol and Exeter Railways , were among those present . —Christopher Arden , Esq ., the mayor , presided , and on the bench were Dr Miller , Mr Barham , Mr H . Hooper , Mr Kennaway , Mr Carew , Mr Harris , MrD . B . Davy , Dr Shaffer , and other magistrates . —The prisoners , on being placed at tbe bar , looked anxiously round , but betrayed no further signs of emotion .
The Clerk of the Court opened the more formal proceedings by addressing the prisoners . — fl'hat is your mmei Henry Poole—wtat ii your name ( addressing the other prisoner ) ?—Tbe prisoner ? I decline to give my name ; at least , for the present-Mr W . Peacock , brother ot tho solicitor to the General Post Offioe Baid that the act under which the prisoners were charged made the stealing of letters from a post bag liable to transportation for life . On the evening of the 1 st of January , the guard Barrett received from the Pest Office ajflrgo number of bags of letters , which he conveyed to the Great Weatern It » i ! wav at Paddington . Tbey were conveyed quite sale to Bristol , but on their arriving at Bridgewater it was found that the bags had been broken epen . He immediately made search in the other carriages , and the two prisoners were found ia a first clase carriage . Under the seat where the prieoner Poole was aiding a number of registered and unregistered letters were found .
Mr E . H . A . Fisher , of London , a clerk in the inland department of the Post Office , deposed , that on the evening of the 1 st he made up the Tavistock and Truro bags . In one of thase bags , the Tavistock , there waa a registered letter . ( Letter produced It wag addressed . ' H . P . Divarris , Ive Rectory , near Callington . ' ) Letters for Callington ate put into the Tavistock bag . lathe Truro there was also a registered letter , it was addressed 'it v . J . lisrding . ' Both the letters bore the in and slam ; , of that ci ^ ht , After the letters were put into the bags tho latter were tied and sealed with wax in witnesn'd presence . The Tavistock bair was given to Mr Collinson , another clerk in the office . The Truro bag was put into the mail cart .
Mr J . Collinson , of London , was next examined . — lam a clerk in the inland department of the General Post Office , London . On Monday evening I made up the Plymouth post bag . In that bag I placed twrt registered letters , addressed to Mr J . A . Rogers , 17 , Georee Street , Plymouth , and Mr Robert Morris , Bank of England Branch , Plymouth . I forwarded the usual notice ) to the postmaster concerning them . They are the eame as these produced . I saw tbat the letters were duly placed in the mail bag . They bore the inland date stamp of the bt inst . The Plymouth
bag I saw sealed and tied up with string , and it was taken out to the mail guard . There were other letters addressed to Plymouth not registered . I find amongst the letters produced six of them bearing tbe inland sta ^? p of the lit ol January . -Iu regular course those letters would be pieced by mo in the Plymouth bag . I also made up the mail bag lor Devonport . I find amongst the letters produced two addressed torersona atDevonport . They bear the inland date stamp of the evening ef the 1 st . After the letters were deposited in the Devonport bsg it was sealed and tied in my presence .
Leonard'Barrett was then called . —I live at 1 , Mary Street , Devonport , and am a mail guard regularly employed in her Majesty ' s Post Office . I was the guard of the night down mail train to Devonport on the 1 st . On that night I received at the General Post Offise tho Traro and Penzance sacks , the London and Plymouth sacks , aad the London and Djvonport bag . I accompanied the bags to the l'addington terminua of the Great Western Railway , and they were deposited in the Post Office tender . I rode with the bags to the railway station at Bristol Arrived at Bristol ten minutes past one , and I there took out three bags . I put in the Taunton and Exeter bag , and I then got out of the Post office tender , and locked the door . I left the bag * as I had
placed them , aud they were in the same state as when I received them in London . When 1 left the tender at Bristol I took with me sixteen bags into the travelling Post Office van . On leaving Bristol the train consisted of two second class carriages next to the engine tender , next the travelling Post Office , then the Post Office tender , and next a first class carriage . I rode in tho travelling Post Office , There nas no guard in the Post Office van . After leaving Bristol , the first station we stopped at was Bridgewater . I then went to the Post Office tender , and I observed my bags had b « en misplaced . The Plymouth bag had been shifted , and on examining it , I found it had been cut open . It was tied with a piece of strin ? . but not sealed . I then left the tender , and
went to the travelling Post Office , and made a communiaation to Mr Burcuel , the Post Office clork . Mr Burohel accompanied me into the tender . He got ou * - , and Mr Silk , another clerk , came . We looked at the Djvonport bag . It had been opened and tied again . The bags were re-tied with very small string , not the same as tied at tbe Post Office . I left Mr Silk in charge of the tender , aad I then walked down to the first class carriage . Iu the first compartment I saw a gentleman lying down . The next body was tho ladies' carriage . I did not see any one in that . In the third compartment the blinds were so closely drawn down that I could not see the inside . I then went to the fourth compartment , and saw another gentleman lying down asleep . I called
the guards and policemen . Mr Silk went out . lie came back and gave me two pieces of string . I produce them . I then went upon tho platform , and saw two men sitting in the division nearest the platform- They were the prisoners at the bar . In the other division was Mr Andrews , who is present . A door divided them . Poole wore a cloak , with a collar nearly up to his eyes , and had a broad brimmed baton . lie had a handkerchief up to hia" face . The other prisoner had a Chesterfield coat on ; I made a communication to Mr Barlow , a director , who was travelling in the ladies' carriage . Mr Barlow came up to tbe door , and called out loudly three times , Poole , ' but got no answer . Poole . appeared toba asleep . Mr Barlow shook Poole ' s hat , but still no
answer was given . Mr Barlow then took up his hat , and said , « Ah ! Poole , you are very sleepy to-night , ' Mr Barlow then left the door . Rhynard kept in the carriage . Gibbons , the superintendent of the Plymouth police , came up and announced himself to be a police officer . I told Gibbons what hid happened in the Post Office van , and that it must be thtra ( tho prisoners ) , as it could only have been done by persons from the first claas carriage . Neither of them made any reply . Gibbons and Rhynard got into the carriage . We then went on to Exeter , and the prisoners were removed into the superintendent ' s room . I went in . Whilst there something was brought into the room . It was a shawl and was examined by Mr Silk ; it contained a number of
registered letters and parcels . I then proceeded on to Plymouth . When I reached tho Plymouth Post Office I saw the Plymouth bag opened . The Tavistock was inside it- It had been opened , and waa tied up with different string to that used by the Post Office . It had no seal . I have known Poole about four or five years . He was a guard in the employ of the Groat Western Railway Company . He was afterwards guard of tbe mail trains of Sundays . I fasten the Post Office tender with a key similar to those used by the company ' s servants . Poole left the service of the company about eight or nine months ago . When he was in the employ the lamps in the Post Office van were fixed by the side of the door-way on the inside . I have made a trial to
ascertain if any one could pass from the first class oar . riago to the Post Offies tender . I did so yesterday iFrida y ) morning , on the down mail train , Between Iriatol and Bridgewater . I proceeded from tho door of tbe third compartment of the first class carriage , alone the step , then over the buffers of tha carriage and the tender , taking hold of the handles of the parcels department on to the step of the Post Office tender . I walked along the step , and lifted the window up with my nail , and then got in . I did this while the train was in motien . I produce three parcels of string ; the first piece I got from the sacks and bass that had been opened , and re-tied with this
string . Mr Burchol and Mr Silk were present when I removed it . The second piece was given me at Exeter either by Thomas , the guard , or Williams , the policeman . The third piece I got from some person I do not know in the superintendent ' s room , at Exeter . The second piece I should say by appearance was the same as had been removed from the mail bags wbeu re-tied . It is very different to that used by tbe Post Office 1 picked up other pieces of string in the tender , vhioh is the same ss used in tying up tbe mails at the Post Office . It has sealing-WWS Upon it , I have some pieces of wax wbivh I picked up in the Post Office tender at Exeter .
Joseph Gibbons , superintendent of the Bridgewater police , was next called : I was a passenger by the down mail train on the night of the 1 st instant . On arriving at Bridgewater I was informud by Rhy . nard and Barrett that the mail bags had been robbed . I entered the third compartment of the first-class carriage , and saw the two prisoners in one division , and Mr Andrews in the other . I told the prisoners that they must consider themselves in custody on suspicion of stealing the Post Office bags , They both replied , ' I know nothing about it . ' I asked Poole if he knew the other man , He replied .
< No . ' The other prisoner said , ' I am a respectable man , and have fifty men in my employ . ' I said , ' I think I bave seen your face . * Be caid , ' No , no , yon bare not . I am a respectable man . ' I asked him his name . He made no answer . I proceeded on to Exeter with them . While we were going along Rhynard , the policeman , gave me a pocket book . I produce it . 1 examined it . It contains a £ 5 city of Exeter bank note , dated Feb . 11 , 1818 , No . M , In the pocket-book I found a pair of moustaches , some thread , and a piece of string , also a gold chain and a key . On arriving at the Exeter railway station the prisoners were removed , 1 smoked the
The Mail Robbery On The Great Western Ra...
other prisoner , and found a gold watch and cl ain , maker ' sn « ne , Newton , London , N ) . 817 , engraving on the back , G . M . in capitals , gold pin , diamond rug . aiid ! * I 81 . fid . I received t * o pieces of crape from Rhynard , which I prodB 0 , . ( The crape waa disguise they were complete . ) I had from Rhynard a piece of wax candle . P . le gave rce a knite mi . graved . Shortly afterwards a bundla * brrneht into / he waiting . n > pm at Exeter . It was opened , and it contained thirteen packages . 1 produce tbem
When tbey were produced the person who brought them said , There they are ; I found them under the seat where they were sitting . ' Poole s * id , ' Tint Bridgewater policeman should be here now ; he searched the carriage , and why were they not found then ? ' I said , ' You shall fee him presently . ' He said , ' Why you taw the carriage searched ; didn't you put the light down ? ' I replied . ' I did not see the carriage searched . ' Burchel and Silk wtr * present . The packages were tben marked . The prisoners were then removed to t ! ie Guildhall at Exoter , charged with having robbed the mail .
Joseph Rhynard , a guard in the service ef tbo Great Western Company , was next sworn . —On tho nig ht of tbe 1 st iastant I was guard to the down mail train . At tbe Exeter station at Bristol I saw the two prisoners on the platform just before the train started . I let a passenfjt r into the first com * partment next the tender of Che first class carriage , Iheld the door open tor the two prisoners to enter . Thoy looked in , but did nut no in . They went to the third compartment . There was a gentleman in the division ntxi to the platform , Mr Andrews .
When I opened tbe door they seemed to hesitate going in . They did i ? o in . 1 urged them to go and complained of their d » lay . Tbej went in . That was about halfpaet one on the 2 nd . The next place wo stopped at was Bridgwater , and there the mailguard inade a communication to me . I went to the Post Offica tender , and saw the bags scattered on the floor . 1 saw on tbo floor pieces of string and sealing wax . I save them to Barrett . I then wept to Mr Barlow , who was in the train , and made a commun > eatioa to him . I went to tbe compartment where these men wcre . I opened the door and found tha
prisoners seated inside . J asked them to allow me to look at their tickets . They were from Bristol to Exeter . Witness was the . first person who entered that compartment after the train stopped . Bo : h tte prisoners were awake . Came out and shut tbe ( oor , aud shortly after returned and fonnd th j do < , r open and Mr Barlow there . The carriage was not searched by witness or in his presence . He got into tbe carriage and tbo pritonerH were separated . He took the one who refused to give his name into tbe further compartment with an intention of * earch ng hira , but found tbe dUcs too narrow . Pnlicemau Williams and Mr Gibbons got , into the carriage and the train prncreded towards Exeter . He knew Poole and recognised him at Bridgewater . Dd not know
it washitu at Bristol on account of bis being dressed raiher peculiar . On going along towards Exeter witness asked Poole what train he went to Bristol by . He said he went up by the third class . It was an eany train ; it was Jim Cla'k ^ 'a train He ia the man that goes with the early third class train . Withees aeked him ii he knew the o'her man , or whether they both went up together , but he said he had nu know ^ dge whatever ef the other . The other prisoner replied : ' I know you ; I eaw you the other day , and I knew you twelve months ago . * This was said to Poole . f Poole asked how it was the mail guard Hid not ride in the mail carriage , meaning the
Post Olfaco tender ; he always wderstond he rode in it . Witness searched the pockets of the division where the prisoners sat at Bridgewater and found the two pieces of crape and a piece of wax candle , produced by Mr Gibbons , Mo whose custody he gave them . As thoy were going along witness put his hand under Poole ' s cloak , and in tbe pocket of it found a pocket-book , whioh was the one produced by Mr Gibbons . He also found several pieces of sealing wax in Poole ' s pocket , which he gave to Mr Gibboas . The coat tha other prisoner had on could be worn either side ; it was dark outside , but ho could not tell tbe colour of the inside .
C . Williams , policeman on the Great Weatern Railway at Bridgewater , aaw the two prisoners in a first class carriage , on the arrival of the mail train on the lit instant ; He got into the carnaue And came to Exeter with them . Last witness , Gibbons , and the prisoners , got up , on thearrival ol the train at Exeter , leaving him and Mr Andrews in the carriage , which was then searched . Thomss , the under guard , came to the carriage , and some one else stood at the door . Saw Thomas search it and found a large bundle underneath the seat where Poole sat . No one put anything in the carriage after tbe prisoners left it . J . Andrews , solicitor , of Modbury , waa a passenger from Paddington to Plymouth by tho down mail train on the nijiht of the 1 st January , and rode in tbe first class carriage . Just before tbe train started from Bristol two persons entered the carriage ; he
anew now that tbe prisoners were the two persons , Thfcy did not remain in the compartment with him , but went through by the other division , closed the door , and pulled down the blind . When they first got into the carriage tbey dragged in a piece of twine , whioh wss left on the fl jor at witness ' s feet . Witness coiled it up and found part of it shut in at the other door , lie broke it and threw it ju the floor . On arriving at Bridgewater his attention was called to something tbat had occurred . Part of the carriage was partially searched , but no one examined under the seats . The parties before named got into the carriage and proceeded to Exeter , where they all got out with the exception of him and Williams . Witness saw a man search tie carriage and pull a bundle from under tha seat . Witness did not leave tbe carriage between Bristol and Exeter .
J . Thomas , a guard on the Great Western Rail , way , travelled by the down mail train on the night of the 1 st January as under guard . He went to a first class carriage at Bridgewater , and saw the two prisoners in it . lie saw a piece of string ndhericg to the heel of Poole ' s boot ; he took it off and gave it t ) Mr Silk . Did aot examine the carriage particularly nt that time . He recoguised Poole on entering the carriage , and said to the porter' that ' s Harry Poole . ' On bis arrival at Exeter , witness went to the waiting room with t ! - < e priavners , and afterwards
searched the carriage , under the seat of which he found a bundle , containing letters and small parcels . He opened one corner of the handkerchief and saw some registered letters . Underneath tho same seat and near the bundle he found an oil-caaa cap . On the arrival of the train at Laira , he again searched the carriage with a man employed at the station , and under the seat opposite where Poole was sitting and where the other prisoner had been sitting , he tound a book , used in going frem one carriage to another , to hold on by .
H . Clark , superintendent at the Taunton Railway Station , corroborated this witness's evidence . H . C . Silk , a clerk in the travelling Post Office between Exeter and Bristol , travelled by the down mail train on the night of the 1 st January , accompanied by Mr Burchell . Barrett rode with them , but on arriving at Bridgewater he got out ; he shortly returned , and Burohell and witness got out and went to the Post Offiie lender . Witness observed the mail bags strewed about the floor and greatly disarranged . lie noticed the Davenport bag , whioh was tied up with a different string and not sealed . He examined the parcels and letters produced , and said they were the same as were found under the seat of the carriage , he havinmarked tbem with his initials .
g George Burchelli also a clerk in the travelling Post Office between Bristol and Exeter , aocompanied the last witness bv the down mail train on the 1 st January . He made a list of the letters and parcels in the bundle , and put bis initials tof them . He re-tied the bage that had been opened , and sealed them with the official seal . Robert Morris , of Pljmeuth , said he was agent to the Bank of England Branch at Plymouth . The packet produced was ordered to him . He opened it , and found it to contain the letters of administration of a will in the estate ef Thomas Cull , Esq ., deceased . The packet was sent from the Bank of England . The witness marked it for the purpose of identification .
Mr Page , of Plymouth , goldsmith , said the letter produced belonged to him . It contained three diamend rings enclosed in a small box . The value of the whole would be about £ 70 It was sent from Weatherstone and Rogeis , Henrietta Street , Caveat Garden , London . Samuel Grandell , Devonport , jeweller , said the packet produced was addressed to him ; it contained a box in whieb ' was enclosed a silver watch cass value £ 2 , six hair ring gold mounts , and two gold Binds . Mr Charles Csx , Devonport , optician , said bis
package contained a box enclosing a respirator of the value of thirty shillings , The other parcels were not opened , James Ash ton , a policeman at the Starcross station of the South Devon Railway , said on Monday evening about a quarter before eight o ' clock , two penoas came to the Starcross station for two first class ticket ? to Bristol by the up mail train . Witness issued two tickets to one of them , who had a drab scarf or shawl round his nock , lie paid for both tickets . Ho believed the prisoner Poole was the man who took tho tickets .
John Fisher , ' policeman on the Great Western Railway at Bristol , recollected the np train arriving on . the lit of January . Witness collected the tickets .. There were but two first class and one second , Ha i produced the two first class tickets , which were from . ! Starcross to Bristol . He did not see anysne come out 6 oi the carriage , but the parties came up to him and ! presented the tickets . It waa about five minutes too twelve , and ten minutes after railway time . Xbea first ticket presented was by a man wearing a large } cloak , a green felt Jim Craw hat , and a moustache .. The man that presented the other first class ticket I wore a dark coat . be did not notice anything P "" " "' larin his dress . They had no luggage . |^ * to who wore tbe moustache puthis finger ^ «* m his upper lip for the purpose , J WS' nWW ""'' down the moustache . Was on du < Jg **^ . lg tbe same station when she ^ ™ ££ oftno i * " agentlemaaia the first « mP *» ..
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 13, 1849, page 7, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_13011849/page/7/