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J^mj^ im. THE NORTHERN STAR. « '~'^'^^'*...
• BEAUTIES OP BYRON. ~~~~ Second Series....
Corindale, a Poem, in Six Cantos ,* and ...
The Reasoner. Parts XXXI., XXXII. London...
Ihe Family Herald. Paris LXVI., LXVII., ...
A History of Gloucester, and a Descripti...
The Noithkrn Comma Ohb Hundbhb mi Sixtr ...
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC .ON...
Thk ' Turn" new Pmsting Machihb.—The Tim...
iDickens received £3,000 for his Nichola...
i o r , , operat^p^TWpe^oa a* nvnimra. t...
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J^Mj^ Im. The Northern Star. « '~'^'^^'*...
J _^ mj _^ _im . THE NORTHERN STAR . « ' _~'^ ' _^^ ' _* _** _' _^ _" _*^ _' _^*** » ' _** _' _*«*« _' _*»* - _***** - _*» _----- _*^ ¦ . _. - " ¦' ¦¦ .. - o
• Pot frp _.
• Beauties Op Byron. ~~~~ Second Series....
• BEAUTIES OP BYRON . ~~~~ Second Series . th _^ mm e 0 tlr _^ _"d series ef selections from
'ODE TO HAPOLEON BUOKAPARTB . Vl _, ( _Rw-mmwdftd . to the _serlons ee _* uia-r _« tw Jt . _zimmitzTSf _--ssraass _pAdte ! , _a . _ffiS Jf " _* " , k ' " * 'Tfc done—bat yesterday a King ! Aad ara'd , __ _j- _^ _^ Ittl 7 e __ And now thou art a nameless thing : 80 abject—yet alive ! Is this the man of thousand thrones . Who stww * d oar earth with hostile boner . An * can be thus survive t Since he , migcaU'd tke Morning Star Nor man nor fiend hath f alien so far '
_M-mlnded man ! wby scourge thy kind Who bow _» d to low the knee » By gazing on thyself grown blind , Thou _taught _' st the rest to set ! 171 th might unquestioned ,- _^ power to save , — Thine only gift ba * beea the grave _. To those that _worsbipp _'d thee ; Hor till thy fell could mortals guess Ambition ' s less tban littleness ! Thanks for tbat lesion—it will teach To after warriors more , Than high Philosophy can preach , And vainly _preach'd before . Tbat spell apon the minds of men Break * never to unite again , That led them to adore Those Psgod thingf of sabre-sway , With fronts of brass , and feet of clsy . ( _S )
The triumph , and the vanity , Tbe raptors of the strife Tbs earthquake voice of _Tictery , To thee the breath of life ; The sword , the sceptre , and thst sway Which man seem'd mads but to obey , Wherewith renews was rife—AU _quell'd ! Dark Spirit » wbat mast be The madness of tby memory ! TheDesoIitor desolate * The Tiotor overthrown ! The Arbiter of others' fate A Suppliant for his own ! Is it some yet imperial hope , That with inch change can calml y cope ! Or dread of death alone ? To die a prince—or live a slave—Tby choice U most ignobly brave !
_He whe of old would rend tbe oak , Dream'd aot of the rebound ; Chaln'd by the trunk he vainly broke-- * Alone—how lookfd ae round f Then , in tbs sternness ef thy strength , An equal deed bas done at length , And darker fate bast foand : He fell , tbe forest prowler ' s prey ; Bat thou must eat thy heart away ! Tbs Boma- * , ( S ) wben bis bornls * - heart Was slaked with blood of Borne , Threw down the dagger- _* -dared dtpart , In savage grandeur , home—He dared depart in utter _soorn Of mea that such a yoke had borne , Tet left him snoh a doom ] Hie oaly glory was tbat hour Of self-upheld abandoned power .
Tbe Spaniard wben the lust of sway Had lost it * _qulck'ning spell , Cut crowns for rosaries away , Aa empire for a cell ; A striot accountant of bis beads A subtle disputant on creeds _. His dotage trifled well : ( 4 ) Yet better had he neither known A bigot ' s shilne , nor despot ' s throne _. But thou—from thy reluctant band The thunderbolt is wrung—Too late thou _leav'st the high command To which thy weakness clung ; AH Evil Spirit as thou art , It is enough to grieve tbe heart To see thine own _unstrnag ; To think that God's fab * world bath been The footstool of a thing so mean ;
Ana * Earth bath spilt ber bleod for him , Who thus uan hoard bis own ! And monarchs bow'd the trembling limb , And thank _* d him for a throne ; Fair Freedom I we may bold thee dear , When thus tby mightiest foes their fear In humblest guise nave shown . Ob ! ne ' er may tyrant leave behind A brighter name te lure mankind ! ( 5 ) Thine evil deeds are writ in gore , Hot written thus in vain—Thy triumphs tell of fame ne more , Or deepen every stain : If thou _hadst died as honour dies Some new Napoleon might arise , To shams the world again—But who wonld soar the solar height , To set in such a starless night t
Weigh'd in tbe balance hero dust _. Is vile as Tnlgar clay ; Thy loslei . Mortality I are jast To all that pais away : But yet _mathoaght the living great Some higher _gpirk shoald animate , To dazzle and dismay : Nor deem'd Contempt ceuld thai make mirth Of these , tbe Conquerors ol the earth .
There was a day—there was aa honr , While earth wae Gaol's—Gaul thine—Wben that immeasurable pewer Uniated to resign Had be ? n an aot of purer fame , Than gathers round UareBgo ' s name , And gilded thy decline , Through tbe long twilight of all time , Despite some passing clouds of crime _. But thou forsooth mast be a king , Aad don the purple vest , — A * if that foolish robe coald wring Remembrance from tby breast . Where is that faded garment ! wbere The gewgaws thou wert fond to wear , Ths star—the string—the crest t Tain froward child ef empire J say , Are all thy playthings snatch'd away !
Wbere may tbe wearied eye repose _. When gazing on the great ; Where neither guilty glory glows , Nor despicable state ? Yes—one—the first—the _Iast-ithe best—The Cincinnatus ofthe West , Whom eavy dare not hate , Bequeath the name of Washingten , To male man Husk there was but One ! _^ __ mmmt———mm———m— _^— -mm ____^_ _-m ___ mm—m--- —i ¦ m mm _———————ma-—^—ia——aa—t ( 1 ) _RYiiten on the occasion of the abdication of the Emperor Napoleon at Pontainebleau , in April , 1814 . ( 3 ) Bxsoh wu premature in proclaiming the termination _« f popnlar folly ; witness the recent election of ' the nephew of my uncle' to the presidency of the French BepnbUc—Ed . N . 8 . ( S ) Stixa . ( 4 ) Charles the Fifth . ( 5 ) The name of the * bastard _Casiar * Is yet a lire fer too many fools . —En . It . 3 .
_fttfU'tfB _S *
Corindale, A Poem, In Six Cantos ,* And ...
Corindale , a Poem , in Six Cantos , * and other Poems . By William Count . London : Simpkin and Marshall . Tail is the production of a working man , one of the toilers at the test and awl—z trade so fertile in examples of genius . The author is young , and this volume is his first essay : perfection in the structure of his verse , therefore , cannot be _-nunt- * . _Hh rbTrae ? are chiefly estimable i : r . _'? e k > Te oi ' _liberty that they breathe , and i _> ¦ v . roci they jive . '¦ Vi the spirit of freedom is ¦ _i . 'ti .-ith * . * s * fc ::. 3 - increasing number among ik * _flhiiirtii ci U . itr " _. We extract three stanzas _iV- _* _- 'one y _, Ui Isslv ; joems , as a specimen of his goffer * . - e 7 _UT . ? AU « B .
S e ;; -rh . 1 ii ish : enfeebled , slow , t * ti-f « C ! _r'port » ids frame ; JBis silvery locks fly to and fro — A pauper is bis name . With features wan , and palsied gait , Wbat cares _doeehe endure ; See be enters yonder gate , — Taps at the parish door . As through tbo Wests tbe pauper gees _. Ashamed he meets yonr faot ; For well the _abjectpauper knows , Poverty is disgrace .
The coat he wears , all By the tones _. As pregnant witb disease ; Alts ! tbii bnman nature's suck , Bnt glittering show can please . A harden to bis nee is he , And tobimseU bis life ; His fondest wish that he might ba Bat buried by his wife . Bnt even tbat will be denied , His useful days are o ' er , Jibe bnt lives , that is enough , — He _sDost expect no mere .
Corindale, A Poem, In Six Cantos ,* And ...
The History of Ireland . By Thomas Wright , M . A ., F . S . A ., Ac . Part V . London : J . and I . Tallis , 100 , St John Street . The fifth part of this ably-written work brings the history of Ireland down to the commencement of the reign of Henry V . The leading features of the sad story are still the same—oppression on-the part of tbe strong , division on the part of the weak . The details of slaughter , rapine , treacherv , and every passible crime are painfully _Qvenrhclming . The feuds of "the Angle-Irish barons added to the horrors of the times , and the Geraldines , the De Burghs , the De Laceys , and the other lords of the
Pale , appear to bave acted with a degree of villany towards each other not at all inferior to the atrocity of their common conduct towards the original Irish . Plunder , massacre , assassination , andviolence of every kind , appear to bave been the unceasing pursuits of these precious specimens of the age of chivalry . ' These worthies were in the habit of even setting the English government at defiance , and usually with impunity . Not always so , however , for in 1331 the Lord William de Bermingham , ' was pub . licly hanged at Dublin . ' It is to be regretted that one monopolised what was so well deserved by allthe gallows .
It affords us pleasure to testify to the impartial character of this history—so far as the work has yet progressed . We must not omit to add . our testimony to the ability which the historian exhibits in every page of his striking narrative .
The Reasoner. Parts Xxxi., Xxxii. London...
The Reasoner . Parts XXXI ., XXXII . London : J . Watson , 3 , Queen ' s Head Passage , Paternoster Row . These Parts of thc Reasoner contains a number of valuable articles—historical , political , polemical , and critical worthy the perusal and reflection of those who desire to read that they may think , and think ' ing be the better armed for acting in that great struggle which at present divides society into opposing forces—the struggle of progression against conservatism ; A thinking people" could never be enslaved—an enslaved people learning to think would soon termiiate their bondage .
_< Tis mind alone , Worth steel and atone . That keeps men free fer ever 1 ' The numbers forming the 32 nd Part are more than ordinarily interesting . ' The Character of Robespierre , ' as drawn by Cabet , tempts quotation , but want of space forbids .
Ihe Family Herald. Paris Lxvi., Lxvii., ...
Ihe Family Herald . Paris LXVI ., LXVII ., LXVIII , London : G . Biggs , 421 , Strand . Our oft-expressed approval ofthe general contents of this publication we may conscientiously repeat , bnt we shonld be sorry to stand _god-fathei to some of he queer notions set forth by the editorial oracle . For instance , in the 'Answers to Correspondents' in No . 288 , we see the Loudon police lauded as efficient , brave , well deserving their pay , and all the good tbat is said of them / (?) All London is aware that the force in question is as renowned for its brutality , as for its bravery . Of course political spies well deserve their pay ! Amongst the miscellaneous and selected matter of the numbers before us , we find the following ) extracted from the Dublin University Magazine . —
AN ODE OP HAF 1 Z . I can ' t bat think yoa mnch in the wrong , prophet , When yon oarsed ihe swine and tke wine grape's _juxe ; Trust me , th ' s is the _fhort and the long of it : — _Eeeithtagpleasanthas its ue . This ib as trne as is the Koran—I will maintain it against a host ; The sage of _Mecaa , with nil his lore , ran Here his w ' _a head again-t a post . _Sreat , undoubtedly , _«•* Jto _' iamtned—Oreat in all his divine affairs .
Bnt the man who banished good w ' ne and ham , said More , beliere me , _thanhtspri-ers _. Both salt most tastes—I cou i ur il ; take on Myself tb say which is most to a . a •; Bat I almost think , to _sava my _bicoa , I'd _« go the wholeheg , ' and iv » cpti- wine !
A History Of Gloucester, And A Descripti...
A History of Gloucester , and a _Descriptive Account ofthe same City and its _Suburb . Gloucester : F . Bond . Eastgate Street . Visitors to the ancient and famoHs city of Gloucester will find this little book a useful companion . A brief sketch of the rise , progress , and vicissitudes of the cify from the Roman invasion to the present time , precedes a description of the streets , public buildings , the cathedral , and other structures devoted to religious service , the port , railways . & c , Sec . The work is embellished with two well-executed engravings , one g iving a general view of the city , and the other a view of the magnificent cathedral .
The Noithkrn Comma Ohb Hundbhb Mi Sixtr ...
The Noithkrn Comma Ohb _Hundbhb mi Sixtr Tsars singr . —A large part of the conntry beyond Trent was , down to the eighteenth century , in a state of barbarism . Physical and moral causes had occurred to prevent civilisation from spreading to that region . The air was inolemant ; the soil was generally each as required skilful and industrious cultivation ; and there oould be little skill or industry in a tract which was often the theatre of war , and whioh , even when there was nominal peace , was constantly desolated by band- ef Scottish marauders . Before the union of the two British crewns , and long after that nnion , there was as great a difference between Middlesex and Northumberland as there now ia between Massachusetts and the settlements of
those squatters who , far to the west of the Mississippi , administer a rude justice with the rifle and the dagger . In the reign of Charles the Second , the traces left by ages of slaughter and pillage were still distantly perceptible , many miles south of tne Tweed , in the faoe of the oountry , and in the lawless manners of the people . There was still a large class of mosstroopers , whose calling wai to plunder dwellings and to drive away whole herds of cattle . It wu found necessary , soon after the restoration , to enaot laws ef great severity for the prevention of these outrages . The magistrates of Northumberland and Cumberland were authorised to raise bauds of armed men , for the defence of property and order ; and provision was made
for meeting the expense oi those levies by taxation . The parishes were required to keep bloodhounds for the purpose of hunting the freebooters . Many old men , who were living is the middle of the eighteenth century , could well remember the time when those ferocious degs were oommon . Yet , even with sueh auxiliaries , it was often fonnd impossible to track the robbers to their retreats among the hills and morasses ; fer tbe geography of that wild country was very imperfectly known . Even after the accession of George III ., the path over the fells from Borrowdale to Ravenglas was still a secret carefully kept by the dalesmen , some of whom had probably in their youth esoaped from tbe pursuit of justice by tbat road . The seats
of the gentry and the larger farm-houses were fortified . Oxen ware penned at night beneath the overhanging battlements of the residence , which was known by the name of the peel . The inmates slept with arms at their sides . Huge stones and boiling water were in readiness to crush and scald tbe plunderer who might venture to assail the little garrison . No traveller ventured into that country without making his will . The judges on cironit , with the whole body of barristers , attorneys , olerke , and serving men , rode on horseback from Newcastle to Carlisle , armed , and escorted by a strong guard under the command of the sheriffs . It was necessary to carry provisions , for the country was a wilderness whioh afforded no supplies . The spot where the caimmenoakis
valcade halted to dine , nnder an se , sot yet forgotten . The irregular vigour witb wbich criminal justice wag administered _shocied observers whose life had been passed in more tranquil districts . Juries , animated by hatred , and by a sense of common danger , convioted housebreakers and cattle stealers with the promptitude of a court-martial in a mutiny * and the convicts were hurried by scores to the gallows . Within the memory of eome who are still living , the sportsman who wandered in pursuit of game to the sources of the Tyne , found the heaths round Keeldar Castle peopled by a race scarcely less savage than the Indiana of California ; and heard , with surprife , the half-naked women chanting a wild measurewhile the men , witb brandished forks , danced
, a war-dance . —Macaulay ' s Sittory of England . A Moralist Bitten . — -Campbell weat to Paisley races got prodigiously interested inthe first race , and betted on the success of one horse to the amount ef £ 50 with Professor Wilson . At the end of tbe race he thought he had lost the bet , and said to Wilson , ' I owe yoa £ 59 , but really , when I reflect that you are a _Ptofeiser of Moral Philosophy , and that betting is a sert of gambling only fit for blacklegs , I cannot bring my conscience to pay the bet . ' ' Ob , ' said Wilson , ' I Tery muoh approve of your prinoiples , and mean to aot upon them . In point of
faot , Yellow Cap , on whom yoa betted , hss won the nee ; and , but for conscience , I ought to pay yon the ££ 0 . bnt yoa will excuse ae . '—Beattie ' s Life of Campbell , _CoNBBBVATisit Revolution aet !—There is nothing go revolutionary , because there is nothing so unnatural and so convulsive to society , as ihe strain to keep things fixed whea all the world is by the very law of its creation in eternal progress ; and & 9 cause of all the evils may be traced to that nataral Jbufc moat deadly error ol human indolence and corruption , that our business isto preserve , and not to improve .. It is the ruin of all alike , —individuals , _schools ,. & -i jiatfcni . — . Or Arnold .
The President Of The French Republic .On...
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC . ON THE ' EXTINCTION OF PAUPERISM . '
Sometime in the year 1847 , we reviewed a small publication issued by Mr Cleave , 1 , Shoe Lane , Fleet Street , entitled 'Extinction of Pauperism , by Prince Louis Napoleon Buonaparte . ' Although never failing to remember the injunction : put not your trust in princess , ' we nevertheless felt ourselves constrained to express general approbation ofthe work in question . It was when a prisoner at Ham , that Louis Napoleon wrote down his thoughts on the condition of the people—their sufferings—and the remedy for those sufferings , ' Sweet are the uses of adversity ! ' When a prisoner , Louis Napoleon
felt with and for the people . But does the same feeling move him now that he is President of the Republic ? We shall ere long see . For ourselves we confess we have no faith in the intentions of the President . His choice of ministers and other officials , tells a tale not to be misunderstood by men possessing common sense . Moreover , has he not Thiers for his principal adviser behind the scenes ? So rumour asserts , and neither himself nor his friends have contradicted the report . With such an arch _, knave at bis elbow it will be _impossible for him to act well , if ever so well-inclined . But after all we may find ourselves mistaken . Time will tell .
ln the meantime , it will be well to recall the published views of Louis Napoleon on the Labour Question . With this view we reprint the following extracts from thc work above named , at the same time recommending our readers to purchase the work itself .
IHB _EXHTIHO BT 8 TEM CONDBMMBD . The wealth of a country depends upon the prog _, parity of agriculture and industry , the development of commerce at homeaxd abroad , and a just and equitable distribution of the revenue . There is not one of these different elements oi prosperity whioh is not undermined in France by anorganic defeot . All independent minds acknowledge it . They differ only in regard to the remedies to be applied . Labour , the source of ail wealth , has neither system , organisation , nor aim . It is like a machine
-forking withont a regulators , and totally unconcerned about its moving power . Crashing between its wheels alike men and matter , it depopulates the oountry , crowds the population into narrow spaces without air , enfeebles both mind and body , and finally , easts into the Btreet , when it no longer requires them , those men who , to gain something , have sacrificed strength , youth , and existence . Like a veritable Saturn , manufacturing industry devours its ohildren , and lives but upon their destruction ,
Home commerce suffers , because industry produces too mnoh in comparison with the slender requital it gives to the producers ; whilst agriculture does not produce sufficient . The nation is thus composed of producers who oannot sell , and of famished consumers who cannot bay . This lots of balance _eauies the government here , as in England , to go to China in _search of some thousands of consumers ; whilst there are millions of French , or English , who are stripped ef everything , and who , if they could purchase eoffioient food and clothing , would create a _Mmmereial movement much more considerable than that caused by the most advantageous treaties .
J . ¦ ¦ ' THEBBMIDT . What should be done I Here it is . Oar law of equality relative to the division of property ruins agriculture . This inconvenience must be remedied by association , which , by employing every idle arm shall re-create great estateB , and increase cultivation ! without causing any disadvantage to our politioal principles . Manufacturing _industry continually draws the population into towns , and enervates them . We must recall those ib to fields , who are too numerous in towns , and invigorate their minds and bodies in the country . To accomplish a project ao worthy of the demooratio and philanthropic spirit of the age , so necessary for the general well-being , and so useful to the repose of sooiety , three things are necessary : —lit , A law . 2 nd . The advancement of funds from the budget . 3 rd , Organisation .
Thb Law . —There are in France , according to official agricultural statistics , 9 , 190 , 000 acres of uncultivated lands belonging to government , to boroughs , ot _individiialBV These heaths , commons , or pasture lands , yield a very small rent of eight francs an acre . They , are like sunk capital benefitting no one . Let the Chambers decree that alt these uncultivated lands shall belong in right to the working association , on condition that they annually pay to the actual proprietors . the same amount whioh they receive now . Let them consign the idle acres to the idle arms , and these two nnproduotive capitals will spring into life , the one operating upon the other . Then the means will have been discovered of mitigating misery by enriching the country .
The _OaqAifisATiON . —The unorganised mass are nothing ; united , they are everything ; without organieation they can neither speak themselves , nor make others understand them ; they oannot even receive or act upon a common impulse . On the one hand , the voice of twenty millions of men , scattered over a vast territory , is lost in echo ; on the other , there is no language sufficiently strong and persuasive to spring from a central point , and bear to twenty millions of _eongoienoes , without reeobnised _mediator , the severe doctrines of power . The reign of castes is over . We oan only govern now by the masses . It is , therefore , necessary to organise them , tbat they may reduce their wishes to form ; and to discipline them , so that they may be directed towards , and enlightened npon , their real interests .
To govern , means no longer to rule the people by violence and phyaicai force ; bnt the art of conduct ' ing them towards a more glorious future , by appealing to their reasons and feelings . But sinoe the masses need instruction , and the government requires to ba restrained , and even enlightened , as to the interest of the greatest number , it is absolutely necessary that there should be in society two equally powerful movementa ; the aotion of power upon the mass , and the re . aotion of the mass upon power . m These separate influences cannot act without collision , exoept through mediators , who at once possess the confidence of those whom they represent , and the confidence of those who rule .
These mediators would possess the confidence of the first , the moment they were freely eleoted by them ; and they would deserve tbe confidence of the _sesond , the moment they filled an important plaoe in sooiety ; for oae may say in general , that man is that which the functions he performs obliges him to be . Guided by these considerations , we wish to see created between the workmen and their employer ! , an intermediate class , enjoying rights legally _recognised , and elected by the whole mass of
workmen . To avoid tbe reproach of exaggeration , we will suppose that two-thirds of these nine millions of aores ean be given up to the associations , and that the remainder may be either _un-arable or occupied by houses , rivers , canals , < _bs . There will remain 6 , 127 , 000 sores to be cleared . This work would be rendered possible by the creation of agricultural colonies , which , when _soattered all over Franoe , would form the basis of a Bingle and vast organisation , of whioh all the poor workmen might be members although net individual proprietors . [ But , in time , as will afterwards be seen , collective proprietors . ] The Funds . —The necessary advance of money for the creation of these colonies ought to be furnished by the state . According to our estimate , 800 mil lions of francs or £ 12 . 000 000 , payable in four years , wonld be required ;
After the lapse of that time these colonies , by affording the means of existence to a great mass of workmen , would be a direot benefit . At the end of ten years , the government might levy a land tax of eight millions of francs , or £ 320 , 000 , without counting the natural increase of indirect taxes , whioh always augment in proportion to the consumption , whioh expands with the general comfort of the people . This advance of 300 millions of _franes would not then be a sacrifice , but a magnificent investment of money ; and conld the State , on contemplating the grandeur of the objeot , refuse it , whilst annually expending forty-six millions of franca in preventing or
punishing attacks made upon property ; whilst _sacrificing every year 300 millions of francs in teaching the trade of soldiering ; and whilst proposing an expenditure of 120 millions ot francs inthe construction of new prisons ? In short , the nation which without perishing gave 2 , 000 millions to the invaders ef France , which without murmuring paid 1 , 000 mil lions to emigrants , whioh without alarm expended 300 millions on the fortifications of Paris ; will that nation , I ask , hesitate to advance 300 millions in four years to abolish pauperism , to relieve the community ofthe enormous burdens imposed by misery , and te augment the territorial wealth by more tban 1 , 000 millions ?
This intermediate class would form the corps of managers or overseers . We should like all the working men to assemble in their respective communes every year , and proceed to the eleotion of their reprsentatives or overseers , in the proportion of one to every ten workmen . Good conduct would be the sole qualification . Every manufacturer , or farmer , or any tradesman whatever , should be compelled by law to have a manager whenever he employed more than ten workmen ; and to pay him double the amonnt of a common workman .
These managers would perform amongst the work * ing classes the same duty that noncommissioned officers do in the army ; they would compose the first step in the social hierarchy , stimulating the laudable ambition of ail , by showing them a recompense easy ts be obtained _. Elevated ia their own estimation by the datfei
The President Of The French Republic .On...
they had to perform , they would be compelled to set an example of good conduot .- According to this plan , every ten of the workmen would contain w * thiu themselves the germ of perfection . The que 3 tion of giving an impulse to the mass , of enlightening them , of- appealing to them , and of causing thera to aot , is found to rest simply in the relation which one bears to ton . Suppose thereare twenty-five millions of men , who exist by labour alone , there would be two millions and a half of managers or intermediate agents , to whom they oould appeal with greater confidence , beoause they participate at onoe in the interests of those who obey , as well as of those who command .
These managers would be divided into two classes . The first would belong to private industry ; the second would be employed in the agricultural establishments . And , we repeat , this different mission would bb the result of the right of direot eleotion by all the working classes .
AGHICOTTCHAri C 3 L 02 HB 9 . Let us suppose that the three preceding measures have been adopted . The twenty-five millions oi aotual workmen have their representatives , and the fourth part of the agricultural area of France ie their property , supposing they did , as they moat assuredly would in the end , purchase the aotual proprietorship ! In eaoh department of France , and in the first instance , wherever the uncultivated lands were , agricultural colonies wonld be established , offering food , education , religions instruction , and work , to all who required them ; and God knows the number is great in Franca .
The managers of these colonies would be in proportion of one to ten , as in private business . Above the managers there would be direotors , whose duties would be to teach agriculture . These direotors would be eleoted by the workmen and managers combined . Before they were eligible they would require to produce proof of a praotioal knowledgeof agriculture . Finally , above the directors , managers , and workers , there would boa governor for each colony . He would be nominated by the united direotors and
managers . The administration would be composed of the governor _, one-third of tha direotors , and _twe-thirds of the managers . » A severe discipline would reign over these colonies . Life would there be salutary but rongh , for their object is not to hatch idlers , but to ennoble men by healthy and remunerative labour , as well as by moral eduoation . The workmen and their families weuld be treated in the simplest manner possible . Lodging , fond , and clothing would be regulated by the army tariff ; for military organisation is the only ono whioh is baaed at once on the comfort of all its members and the strictest economy . These establishments , however , wonld not be military , tbey would only borrow from the army its admirable order , and that wonld be all .
The army iB simply an organisation . The workieg class wonld form an assentation . These two bodies differ in principle and object-Until the colony yielded profit , all the _workmen would be lodged in barracks constructed like military ones . These healthy constructions , built on a small scale , wonld contain ten men and their overseers , or one family . As soon as the receipts surpass the expenses , the barracks would be replaced by more healthy buildings , ereoted according to a matured plan . Accessory buildings would then be added to afford tho members of the colony and their children both civil and religious instruction .
Finally , vast hospitals would be built for the iofi'H , and for those whose age made labour impossible : Every year the accounts would be published , laid _befars the general assembly of workmen , and submitted to the general connoil of the department for their approval , who would likewise have the right to discharge the manager or direotors who had exhibited any incapacity . Every year the governors of the colonies would nave to proceed to Paris , and there , under the pre--idence of the Minister of the Interior , discuss the best means of employing their funds , for the general benefit ofthe association .
¦ _flBCBlFTS AM > _IZTBtOBSi According to our supposition , the working men ' s association would have to claim two-thirds of uncultivated _lands , or 6 , 127 . 000 acres . To ascertain how much these aores wonld yield , if subjected to proper cultivation , without any being left fallow , we have made the following calculation ;—The number of acres of cultivated lands in all Franoe , is 19 314 . _741 The natural and artificial prairies 5 , 774 , 745 Total 25 , 089 , 486 The rough value of the produce of these lands is : — Forthe arable soil 3 479 , 583 . 005 For the prairies 666363 , 412
Total 4 , 145 946 417 fr . The average produce ner acre , for , seed or prairie lands , would rise to 165 francs per acre . On the other hand , there are in France 51 , 568 , 845 domestic animals of every hind , wbicb give a rough produce of 767 , 251 , 851 francs , without comprising tbe value of meat consumed . Taking one with the other , eaoh head of cattle produces 15 F ., and as those animals are fed on twenty-six millions of acres , it will make two for each acre . We may say that the average produce of each aore is 195 francs , 165 from the land and 30 from the animals . Our 6 , 127 000 aores
put into cultivation or pasture , would yield from the rough produce of the soil 1 , 010 , 955 . 000 francs , and from the produce of animals 183 , 810 , 000 , making a total of 1 , 194 , 765 . 000 _frincai Deduct from that Bum the amount these lands now produoe—viz ., 54 , 709 , 364 francs , and the territorial wealth would be augmented by 1 , 140 , 855 , 636 francs . Let us now estimate the expense . To assist our calculations , let us suppose that the lands to be cleared are equally spread over each political division of France . We would have then to divide the number of acreB by 86 , wbioh would leave for eaoh department 71241 aores .
Fixing twenty years as the time after whioh all these lands should be cultivated , there would be for eaoh department 3 , 562 aores to clear annually . The number of hands required for this work oould be regulated thus : one workman would on an average dear three acres annually , as he can do two of woodland or four of turf . But , as-we must calculate sickness , and likewise , that after the second year the workmen would be obliged to attend to the cultivation of the soil , and assist the agricultural families , who would be annually augmenting , we will suppose that only two aores are annually cleared . It would be necessary , then , to employ 1 , 781 work * men to accomplish the work in twenty years , and as there would be cleared annually 3 , 562 aores , the colony would receive every year 120 families to assist in the cultivation of those cleared lands .
A large landed proprietor informs us , that under the old system of agriculture , of wheat , corn and fallow alternating , it was necessary to employ on a farm of 150 aores , eight _domestios , Bix thrashers , and twenty harvest men . Under the new system , where the pastures are replaced by green crops re . quiring weeding , one hand more wonld be required eaoh year . We have calculated two beaBts per acre in France . The eolony would then annually purchase donble the number of cattle to the aores which they had cleared during the preceding year ; Thus during the interval of twenty years , theoolouy would have ita receipts and expenses _pregressi- < e ' y increasing .
The receipts , without counting the first government advances , would be composed of the periodical augmentation of 8 , 562 acres , and their annual increases in value ; for admitting that each acre yields 195 francs , the lands would not produce that amonnt , exoept at the end of three years , and after four years of cultivation . That is to say , each aore after being oleared would yield tbe first year 65 francs , the second 130 , and each succeeding year 195 francs , Ab forthe expenses independent of the first outlay , the expenditure wonld be continually renewed , such as for the payment of 1781 workmen aud 120 families , the rent due to boroughs or individuals , seed , outbouses , management , and 7 , 124 beasts to purchase . Besides there would be each year a regular increase in expenses caused by the maintenaice of 120 new families , and the erection of barracks to lodge .
Eaoh workman would receive the pay of a soldier , and eaoh family that of three workmen . Clothbg would be cheaper for the . workman than for the soldier ; but we will oaloulate it at the market price . Each man would annually cost , including everything , 318 francs . * The managers would receive the pay of non-commissioned officers ; the directors that of officers ; and the governor that of a colonel .
EMPLOYMENT AND ADTAHCB OY WA _6 BB . All the poor , all who were out of work , would find in them means of employing mind and body for the benefit of the entire community . The poor of one department could remove to the colony of the next ; or cultivated lands might be purchased , which , although unprofitable to individuals , might be advantageous to an association . It is clear that the workman who was always snre to find aliving inthe agricultural colonies would not accept of private employment unless the letter presented greater benefits than the former ; hence a remunerative scale of wages would always be maintained . * . Let us not be acoused of _dresmicgofan impossibility . We have only to recall te mind the example of the famous English East India Company . What is it bat tut _associutioa like that which wa
The President Of The French Republic .On...
propose , whose results , although astonishing , are not so favourable to humanity as that which we call for with all our heart and soul ;
RSVIBW AND CONCLOSION . In the summary view we have given of the benefits , we have kept within the truth ; for the cultivation of a fourth part of the uncultivated laads would not only increase by a quarter the rongh revenue of Franoe , bnt this isorease of wealth would give to all branches of national industry an immense stimulus , whioh is more easy to understand than explain in all its details . Not only would these colonies prevent , in twenty years , mere than a million of human beings from
languishing in misery , not only wonld they support a host of workmen in connexion with agriculture , bat the annual exchange of 800 millions of franos worth of land products for others would increase consumption and improve the home market . This demand would present an outlet for all the fruits of industry more _considerable than the most advantageous commercial treaties would effect , because the 800 millions of franos valne , surpass by 156 millions the value of all our exportations , whioh only amount to 644 millions of _irancB .
To make this reasoning more apparent and to show the vast importance ofthe home market , let us suppose these agricultural colonies were not within our territorial boundary , hut > eparated _from'the continent by an arm of the sea , and aline of custom-house officers , and that they were nevertheless comp elled to have no commercial dealings except with France . It is clear that if their agricultural produoe realised profits of 800 millions of francs , tbat sum would ba exchanged for various continental produce . It mayb 8 presumed that these colonies , from the nature of the soil , will produce grain and cattle , ratber than wioe . But by augmenting the quantity of wheat , and of flesh meat , they would lower the price of common necessaries and increase consumption by putting them within reach of the working classes .
To sum up . The system which wa propose ie tbe result of all the ideas whioh have emanated from the most able political economists of the last half century . In M . Gouin ' s Statistical and Official Agricultural Report , page xxviii , the Minister _deolares tbat the _i-reatest progress to be obtained is by reclaiming the waste lands whioh do not yield more than eight franos per acre . Our project realises tbat idea . Our project confers upon the unemployed all that is oaloulated to improve the condition of man , comfort , education , order , and the chance which is afforded everyone of elevating himself by his own merit ahd industry . Our organisation tends to nothing less than tbe making , in the course of a few _vears , the poorer olasses the richest association in all France .
According to our system wages would be fixed , as all human things ought to be regulated , not by force , but according to _theijust equilibrium established between the wants of those who toil and the necessities of those who provide work . In the _present day all Book to Paris , which as a centre absorbs all the energies of the country ; our system , without injuring the centre , would carry life to the furthest extremities , by bringing into aotion eighty-six new systems , working under the direotion of the government . What is wanting to realise such a projeot ? One year s pay of tha army , fifteen timeB the sum given to America , or an expense equal to that employed on the fortifications of Paris . This advance would after twenty years , bring back to France 1000 millions , to the working olasses 800 millions , and a revenue of thirty-seven millions of francs _.
Let the government put enr projeot into _execution , modifying it according to ( he experience of men well versed in snch complicated matters , and who may supply useful hints and cast new lights upon them . Let It take to heart tbe great ' national _tntereaia . Let [ it establish the co * sfort of the masses , on an immovable basis , and it will become immovable itself . Poverty would no longer become seditious , when it was no longer oppressive . a It is a great and holy mission , and worthy of man ' s highest ambition to strive to subdue human nature , to heal all wounds , to soothe the ( offerings of huma
nity , by uniting the people of the' same country in one common Interest , and . by accelerating that future whioh civilisation will sooner or later usher in . In the beginning of the lest century La Fontaine uttered this sentence , whioh is too often true , but always sad and so destructive of sooiety erder , and hierarchies . ' I tell you in plain Frenoh our enemy is our master . ' Iu the present day tbe aim of every wiae government should be to bring about a time , when it might be said , 'the triumph of Christianity has destroyed slavery : the triumph ot * the French revolution has destroyed servitude , and the triumph of democracy has destroyed pauperism . ')!
Thk ' Turn" New Pmsting Machihb.—The Tim...
Thk ' Turn" new Pmsting _Machihb . —The Times , in a long leading article , gives a description of a printing machine , which has been for the past two months in nse in that office , whereby the extraordinary number of 140 copies can be thrown off in a minute . It is a machine having eight cylinders . Hitherto , the rate at which it has been worked is about 1000 revolutions per hour , or 8000 _imprea-Bions ; but it is probable that it will be ultimately worked to 12 , 000 copies an hour . The Bame of the gentleman who constructed tbis wonderful piece of mechanism is Mr Augustus Applegarth of Dartford .
Riligiow of the Shopocbaot . —Christianity is fast degenerating am 9 Dg tbem from a living power to a lifeless form—from a prinoiple to a sentimentfrom an inward motive tf an outward profession , It is sicking into a routine of devotional exercises , the effects of whioh terminate with themselves . It puts orthodoxy in the place ef reverenoe for truth—and substitutes _peouniary . _subscriptiotslfor active personal exertion . It is an agency to be worked pretty exclusively by ministers . It buildB np ' interests , ' instead of grappling with evils . It aspires to be gen
teel , rather than irresistible . Its love of justice is not allowed to make a disturbance at home—if it wants play , it muBt go to a distance . Its charity prefers foreign objects . Taking it * for all in all , ' it strikes one as an almost impenetrable mass of _conventionalism—net positively dead , but completely overlaid—sickly , fanciful , feminine—as an existence dwindling-into nominalism—asa life , fast decaying —as a power , all but void of effioienoy . Of course , there are exceptions—but , in the main , we fear , such is the religionism of the middle olasses of our
times . The Empbrob op Russia ' s Household Guaud — This cavalry corps is the Emperor ' s pride , and is the flower of his household brigade . The finest men in the army are drafted into it . aud their uniform and appointments are superb . The men are as nearly as possible of the same height , and nniformity is carried eut to an absurd extent . Tbose whose upper lips are so disloyal as not to be productive of a sufficient growth of hair are corked and painted , that all may look alike ; and the expenditure ef cotton must be immense , for one man is taken as a standard and the rest are padded all over to bring them ont to that shape and size . Suoh a youthful regiment I have seldom Been , and consequently the blaok brush is in great requisition . At a little distance the effect is
splendid , and even when olose the making up is to admirably done that it is difficult to distinguish the really muscular from the stuffed and bolstered men afwar . The uniform is very similar to our Life Guards , but white , with silver appointments ; and instead of our plume in the helmet they wear tbe spread eagle , which makes a most beautiful and becoming military head-dress . Instead of the cuirass , on this oooasion , they wore a red coverlet , with a yellow star in the front , an old usage still _preserved on state ocoaeiona . Tbe Emperor appears as Colonel of tfae regiment , and in which uniform he appears by far the best . He is followed by his aides-de-camp ; he inspeots the troops as he passes along ; those he has inspected set up a meohanioal Bhout , a sort ol howl of approval ( very different from the hearty
cheer we bear from British _tisops . ) This howl continues , perpetually increasing in volume , till the whole are reviewed , when , passing to the centre , the Emperor waves his royal gauntlet , and a death-like a * illness prevails . The army is a sort of automaton ; every eye ie centered upon him ; be pulls the wires by a nod or look , and the machine performs its work . The religion , which teaches them that God and the Emperor' ate the first to be reverenced , gives them the idea that in the capacity of their king he is more than human , and they worship bim accordingly ; the devotion ot the Russian to hia Emperor is astonishing . The _Rissian uncovers on tie approach ofthe Emperor , and remains so until he takes his departure , which may not be for hours ; it wou'd be saorilege to cover the head in his august presence . —Atkinson's Pictures of the North . be
Criticism of Am . — A small crowd gathered - fore a window recently to admire the figure of a cat that was there , aa if for pablio inspection . Nearly every one was delighted with its likeness to life . ' But still , ' said Augustus , ' there are faults in it : it ia far from perfect ; observe the defeot in the fore shortenin g of that paw , now -, and the expression of that eye , too , is bad ; besides , the mouth is too far down under the chin , while thewhi'kers look aa if they were coming out of her ears . It is too short , too . ' Bat , as if to obviate this defect , the fLure stretched itself and rolled over in the fun . ' It is a cat , I vow , ' eaid a bystander . It ' _rf alive ! ' shouted an urchin , clapping hiB hands . 4 Why , it ' s only a oat , arter all , ' exclaimed Mrs Partington , as she surveyed it through her specs ; but Augustus moved on , disappointed that nature had fallen so short of his ideas of perfection in the manufacture of cats . Bat Augustus was quite as competent a eritio as many others whose judgment of painting leads the town . —\ Neu ) Tork Observer .
Louw _NAPawos ' a _Livsai . —HiB servants' livery is precisely the same as | that of tbe Emperor—a green coat witb gold buttons , blaok silk stockings and plush shorts . _Offing to the great affluence of visitors-two days of the week ; have been fixed npon as reception days .
Idickens Received £3,000 For His Nichola...
iDickens received £ 3 , 000 for his Nicholas _NicklaovtarthquakES _.-Two Bhocks of earthquake were felt on the 5 th of November last at _King ? to _* _i . ia Jamaica . * Thmking . _—Noonelearnstothink by eettinr * mica for thinking , but by getting materials for though * The Duke of Athol is busy with legal _measure to prevent the right of way through his forest . The Aylesbury butohere are selling meat at 3 _* d and prime joints at 4 _Jd . per lb . Frbkoh Poultry . — Large quantities of turkeys and other poultry were last week imported _< _rosn France for tbe metropolitan market _.
Among the list ef penalties lor the regulation of Queen Elizabeth ' s household was the following : — 'That none toy with the maidens on pain of fourpence . ' Naw Mithod op Making Bower . —The New Toek Mibkob states that a discovery has been made ofa method of producing bntter instantly by forcing air through cream . _Bbneficiil Bequest . —A retired _physiciau in Dublin has bequeathed one third of all his properly expeoted to realise £ 00 , 000 , to the cancer ward 0 ! the Middlesex Hospital , * - A _Ldcet Fellow . — A few days ago , a man _named William Jenkins found JS 300 , in bank notes , ia Castle Street , Liverpool , carefully wrapped up in a parcel .
The New Roman government permit the theatres to be opened during Advent , which is quite contrary to tbe rules of the Catholic Church . Vbm Pbopkb . —A proposition bas been submitted to the 1 _Schleswig and _Holatein National Assembly to _aboliBh the episcopal sees , and apply the funds to publio eduoation . Wild Docks . —Numerous large . "flocks of wild ducks passed orer Sunderland during the night of Tuesday , disturbing the peaceful inhabitants by their gabble . A Jaw , a Gbntlbman at asms . —Amongst the gentlemen recently appointed by her Majesty ts her corps of gentlemen-at-arms is Mr Philip Solomons , a Jew .
A field of beans , near Linlithgow was led iu on Thursday seek last in fair conditio * , well ripened , and considering the inclemency of the weather ol late , intolerably good order . Licensed _MESMBHiBM . —The oity authorities of Columbus , Ohio , oharged one Professor Keely forty odd dollars for a licence to leoture on mesmerism ia that oity . Emighation . —No less than 65 , 123 persons ( of whom 62 , _756 left for the United States ) embarked from Liverpool during the half year ending 30 ; h June , 1848 , in 405 ships . '
_Hoheiblh AcciDBHr . —Lately , a msn employed ia chemical works at Neath , Glamorganshire , fell up to his waist in a still of vittol ; bnt some hope era entertained that he will recover from hiB injuries . A Paris caricature represents Louis Philippe receiving a kick from Lamartine , who is _receiving one from Cavaignao , who is in turn kicked by Loula Napoleon ; tben comes a scroll—* To be continued . ' _Ecokomy . —The Btjumr mentions a Belgian ' s very economical notion . He proposes to attaoh bakehouses to the stations on the railways where the coke furnaces are plaoed , and to bake bread with tbe lost heat .
Gbnbral Tou Thumb . —The American papers state the illustrious manikin to be in excelient health , and that his size and weight have not in . creased . He appears nightly at the Broadway Theatre , New Terk . A sow , belouging to a villager of Rait , near Dundee , lately attempted to Bwallow a live rat , head foremost . The rat stuck its tusks ao fast In the throat of the cnluoky sow tbat she was choked . Thb Stanfield Hall _Murjbbrs ,-The woman who attended the _ledrfe gatea at Stanfield Hall , bas received Buoh a shook from the horrible murder of her masters tbe Messrs Jermy , that it has been _necesBaty to remove her to a madhouse . Musk . Imitated—Mu » k is imitated by dropping 8 _J draohms of nitrio acid on one draohm of notified oil of amber . In the course of a day a black Rubstance is produced , whioh smells like musk . —ChemU cat Times ,
Louia _Napolbon hard np . —When Louis Napoleon Bonaparte contemplated leaving the metropolis for Paris after the Revolution , he was so reduced in financial matters that he had to borrow on security _£ 2 . 000 , whioh he achieved with difficulty . Liberation o _** Pbisomum . —On Monday week four poor farmers , from the neighbourhood Rathgormack , who were imprisoned in our oounty gaol for treasonable practices , & o ., were admitted to bail —themselves in £ 20 , and two sureties in £ 10 each . — Waterford Chronicle . Emiosatiok from _Bblpasi . — The total nun-bar who have embarked at thiB port , direot for the United States of America apd the Canadas _, _dunag the year ending 22 ad December , 1848 : —United States , 6 , 395 ; Canada , 1 , 030 ; total , 8 , 335 .
HronopnoBiA . —Mr Cummines , an innkeeper and grocer at Sherburn Hill , near Durham , lately died from hydrophobia , nine weeks after he had b _* en bitten in the nose by a dog . The dog afterwards ran away , and little notice was taken of tbe wound , as the animal wasnot supposed to be mad . Irish Rbfcgees . —Mr Richard O'Gorman , jun ., arrived ia Paris on Saturday , the 16 > h ult ,, from Marseilles , at which place he had arrived from Constantinople . There are also in Paris Mr O'Mahony , Mr Eugene O'Reilly , Mr Rivers , and Mr Byrne . A Tiokb Shark . _« -A tiger shark , measuring ten and a half feet in length , and two feet in oircnmference , has been caught near tbe Bhore of Lindo _' a Town , America . It had ten rows of teeth ; its jaws , when opened , wonld receive without difficulty a person of good tm .
Eclipses—There will he _twoeolipses of the sun and two ofthe moon thia year . Sun a total eclipse , AuguBt 18 ' . h ; partial _eolipse of the moon on the 8 th March , visible , and a partial eolipse on the 28 th August , visible . Long Credit . —Some time Bince a person at Chelmsford , more ingenious than _sorupulous , paid a tradesman for Borne goods by a bill at two months j but on presenting it at the expiration of that period , the owner found it waB payable two months after death instead of after date .
_Fakaticish —The infant ohild of two ' latter-day saints' reoently died ef an abscess at Northampton , through the obstinate fanatioism of its parents , who refused te obtain medical attendanoe for their infant , on the ground tbat human aid in caseB of sickness ia not only useless but sinful . _Dissbsters' Slaves . —The Utica Christian Cok . tribotob observes : — ' A published calculation states that 250 , 000 slaves are held by Methodists , 226 . 000 by _Baptista , and 80 , 000 by Presbyterians . Add 45 . 000 to all other denominations , and yoa bave 600 , 000 _Blavea in the United States held by Dissenters . '
The Kiog of Bavaria haB offered a priie of 100 ducats ( nearly £ 50 ) for the best essay on the following subjeot : —* By what means can the poverty of the lower orders of tbe inhabitant * of Germany , and more especially of Bavaria , be mos t advantageously and permanently relieved . ' The esrayB are to be given in by the 31 st of January . _Coi-thmit —Grattan ( says Sam Rogers ) was onoe attacked in the Irish Commons by an inveterate Orangeman ; who made a miserable speech . —Grattan replied— 1 shall make no other remark on the hon . eentleman _' s personalities _than-as he rose without a
friend , so he haB sat down without an enemy , - Was ever oontempt eo concentrated in an expres-An Indimbbbnt _Htjbbakd . — 'Ah John , yotf won't have me muoh longer ; I shall never leave tbis bed alive ! ' ' _I'lease tbee self , Betty , and tbeell please I , ' returned John with great equanimity . 1 have been a good _frife to you Jobn , ' : pewiated the dyiDg woman . ' Middlin _' . Betty , _middlm ' , ' responded the matter-of-faot husband . ...... A few days since a young woman died at Smtterby . Yorkshire , from inflammation of the bowels , caused by taking laudanum , a habit to which she was so greatly addicted , that , for some time befcre death , she Ib believed to have consumed more thaa a quart ¦
of laudanum _a-week . .. * Oh Ybs!—A Tory was once praising . an Orange bishop , of whom it was said that he strangled a man with bis own hands during the Rebellion . What in vour objection to tbat bishop , ' quoth the Tory . Is he not learned , pious , and so forth ! Oh yeB . said Grattan , Very learned and very pious ; but he ia fond of bleod and prone to intoxication . ' Emigration . — In the year ending September 30 , 1847 , 239 270 passengers arrived in the United StateB . of whom 128 , 838 were from Great _Bnta-. n and
Ireland , 73 , 444 from Germany , ana 20 , 055 from _France , Of these passengers , 37 562 were labourers , 3 , 197 servants , 4 , 301 merchants , 26 , 150 _mecbanicsj and manufacturers , and 50 , 036 farmers . A few mornings since , a boy , five years old , the son of a needle-stamper at Feckenham , Worcestershire , whom his parents had left asleep in bed , awoke , and perceived on the table , a bottle , containing half a pintof brandy . He climbed on a chair , and thus succeeded in reaohing the brandy , which he swallowed , thereby causing his death within two hours . st is told of IrishKtoa
KlKQ o y TB 0 MW .-A ery an . * at Arms , who , waiting upon the Bishop of KiUaloa to summon him to Parliament , and being dressed , as tbe ceremony required , in his heraldic attire , so m ystified the bishop ' s servant with his _appearsBce that not knowing what to make of it , and carrying off but a confused notion of his title , he announced him thus , * My lord , here is the King of Trumps . —Pennant . n _INCITBMBHT TO DrO _* _-KB _!* NI » S A PCNBHABLS U _*? - PKK 0 B .-By the llth and 12 th Vioteria 43 jj _e which has recently come into . , ,. _., . ' . _ , .. _ _.. »! snail aio ami ria
wno or , cuuu _« mission of any offence . ' Pu _™ magistrates , b _mada liable . to the principal offender . to the drunkenness of another au aider , and so _^ _flsojmy . _another to swear or to wm wbioh the magistrates have th
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Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 6, 1849, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns3_06011849/page/3/