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of the world" If foreigners werehonesty....
ThcfoT.lou .ing Booh" arc published at the Northern Star office, 340, Strand, and may be had of all Booktellers and News Agents.
IMPORTANT DISCUSSION ON FREE TRADE AT RO...
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Of The World" If Foreigners Werehonesty....
Thcfot.Lou .Ing Booh" Arc Published At The Northern Star Office, 340, Strand, And May Be Had Of All Booktellers And News Agents.
ThcfoT . lou . ing Booh" arc published at the Northern Star office , 340 , Strand , and may be had of all Booktellers and News Agents .
Complete in one Vol ., neatly Bound in Cloth , A PRACTICAL "WORK OX SMALL FARMS . Price Two Shillings and Sixpence . _nr _FEAEcrs o ' coxxor , esq . THE desire of the author has been to furnish a valuable compendium at such a price as would enable very working man to become possessed of it . It contains all the practical instructions , together with Plates , _describing Farm-house , Offices , Tank , Farm-yara , & c . with particular information requisite for carrying out all the operations . K . B . —The above work may still he procured in num . 6 ers , price 6 d . each .
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Alio , price 2 j . Gd ., Second Edition , A SERIES OF LETTERS FROM FEARGUS 0 _'COX-2 TOR , ESQ ., BARRISTER AT LAW , TO DANIEL _CCONNELL , ESQ ., M . P . Containing a review of Mr . _O'ConnelTs conduct during fee agitation of the question of Catholic Emancipation together with an analysis of Ms motives and actions since be became a Member of Parliament The whole forms a Complete key to the political actions of Mr . O'Connell , and reconciles all the apparent contradictions in the acts of one of the greatest agitators of the present da v . This edition contains the confirmation of 3 . Attwood , Esq ., ' of the principal charge brought by Mr . O'Connor 4 gainst Mr , O'ConnelL
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UNDER ROYAL PATRONAGE . INSTANT relief and rapid cure of Asthma and Consumption , and all disorders of the Breath and _Inngs , is insured by DR . LOCOCK'S PULMONIC "WATERS . Bead the following extract of a letter from Mr . Lynch , chemist , Market-street , Manchester : — Oct . 22 nd , 1844 . Gentlemen , —I enclose you a letter received from a party who has derived great benefit from Dr . Locock ' s ¦ Wafe rs . I have uo doubt if you were to advertise them in this town , the sale would be considerable , as we are constantly receiving testimonials of their efficacy . Iain , Ac J . R . LYNCH .
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_© _fiai'tiftt _BtteUisettce
Important Discussion On Free Trade At Ro...
IMPORTANT DISCUSSION ON FREE TRADE AT ROTHERHAM . It was lately mentioned in the Star that the visit of the " League " to Rotherham bad been a " great ?' failure , notwithstanding the seductive elopence of the hon . member for Stockport . In order to "keep appearances , " and if possible prevent the public from getting into the secret , Mr . Falvey , decidedly the cleverest lecturer of the League , was specially sent for , from the South , to try his hand in removing those obstacles which Mr . Cobden found so very perplexing and obstructive . Application was made for the use of the British School and the Corn Exchange for the occasion , but both places were refused : and on Friday placards appeared announcing that Mr , Falvcy would deliver two lectures on Friday and Saturday , in the large room of the Three Cranes Inn . As tile
whole of the proceedings had ken conducted with the greatest secrecy , and the placards not appearing till late m the day , the Chartists were taken by su _£ prise , not having time to make arrangements for a discussion in defence of their principles if it should become necessary . However , several attended the lecture as a corps of observation . At seven ' o ' clock Air . Falvey commenced his address , the room not being halt full ; he said his lecture that night would _beontheagi'iculturalpart of the question , and on the following night on the manufacturing part He then , atgreath length , gave a history of the various enactments respecting the admission of foreign com contending that as they had failed in _effecting the object their promoters had in view , that of _keeninc "P prices to a certain rate , they ought to be repealed Af ter the usual denunciation of the landlords , which
Important Discussion On Free Trade At Ro...
constitutes a considerable portion . , of tho sto 6 k-intrade of the Ldague lecturers , Mr . Falvey challenged discussion , saying he was prepared to meet any man on the following evening . Mr Lessons , a Chartist : " I accept your challenge , and w ill find a man to discuss with you . " Mr Falvey ' " v _' ery well ; I shall be happy to see him . " Several persons in the meeting cried out— " Who is he * let _ua know his name . " Mr . Lessons : . " It is Mr West , of Sheffield ; I dare say Mr . Falvey knows him well . " Mr . Falvey ; " 0 yes ; I have met Mr . West several times ; and since he is to be my opponent , on second consideration , I will deliver my lecture , and at the , close Mr . West may make what remarks he thinks proper . " On Saturday the Leaguers
were very busy in mustering then- forces ; and we have been credibly informed that Mr . Badger , jun ., went round to tho different factories , requesting the foremen to induce their hands to attend and " put down the Chartists . " Shortly after seven o'clock Mr . Machin was called to the chair , who opened the business by observing that he should act with the strictest impartiality , and secure for all parties fair play . All he had to request was , that the various speakers would confine themselves to the question , and not indulge in personalities or individual recriminations . He then introduced Mr . Falvey , who commenced by observing that last evening lie had laid before them the history of the Corn Laws , and , he thought , clearly proved * that they were unjust in
principle , and that to remove a positive injustice must be a positive good . Those laws were enacted at the point of the bayonet , and four years afterwards the bloody massacre of _Pcterloo was perpetrated by the bread-taxeis on the defenceless thousands who were assembled to petition for their repeal . But we lived now in more enlightened times ; and the support the League received from all classes of politicians was an earnest that better days were in store for the under-fed millions . It was " most surprising that the greatest opposition came from those who professed to be advocates of freedom . It was dimcult to conceive how those who advocated freedom in science and freedom in legislation , should oppose freedom in commerce . Mr . West , who was present that
night to lend a helping hand to the monopolists , would , no doubt , explain it . They tell us that wc ought to have no connexion with foreigners ; but what , can we do without foreigners ? Mr . Addison , years ago , in the Spectator , had said that there was nothing indigenous to England but the wild plum and the wild apple . AH our necessaries , and even the arts and sciences , were of foreign origin ; and yet we are constantly told " stay at home , and never mind the foreign trade / ' What was the foreign trade but an extension of the home trade ? and how are we to judge of the merits of any question but by inductive reasoning ; from known facts . Let these _bawlers for freedom look at America . There the democrats have elected Polk as President , because he was for
Free Trade . And if we looked back to the conduct of the great leaders of Radicalism in England , Cartwright , and Hunt , and Cobbett , they all opposed the accursed Com Laws : but of late a race of mushroom Radicals , calling themselves Chartists , led on by Feargus O'Connor , have leagued with the monopolists in limiting the supply of food . Lord _Mountcashel said the Corn Laws were necessary to enable the landlords to pay their marriage settlements ; and Mr . West was there that night to enable them to do so . The Chartists had made themselves the most contemptible party that ever appeared , by their divisiohs , their bitter hatreds , and denunciations of each otlier : and could they believe that a party torn to pieces by faction could effect any change , or induce
any one to place confidence in their movements They were powerless , except now and then to offer a puny opposition to the League , But even that was fast fading away . The League were a powerful body ; and since their commencement never had a quarrel among themselves . The Northern Star , after living seven years in the country , had removed to the south ; still preserving its name , which was a misnomer . That paper had always endeavoured to make the working classes believe that cheap provisions meant low wages : now he would nut it to the working men present , whether , as provisions had lowered in iprice _, their wages had been reduced . ( Several voices , "My wages have been reduced . " ) He would not take isolated eases , but he would take the sense of the meeting on the subject .
Mr . West : " In that case I propose that no person vote on the question but those who are actual workers and receive wages . " Mr . Falvey assented ; and this had the effect of making the j / _enrtemen keep their hands in their pockets . Mr . Falvey then put the question : "All who are of opinion that as the prices of provisions fall , wages are reduced , hold up ; your hands . " The great majority of the meeting held up their hands . Mr . Falvey : I see you do rtot understand my question ; ' " all who are of opinion that aa the price of provisions has fallen this last two years , wages have not been reduced , hold np your hands . " Mr . West protested against that partial way of nutting the question . ' If they are to decide the question , as to whether wages had been reduced , let
them take the last forty years , which would he a fair criterion . Mr . Falvey persisted in putting his motion in his own way ; and after three trials , during which he could only get six persons to vote with him , _helgaveup the contest in despair . He continued : We have got this fact , that during the last forty years wages have been reduced ; but we had not Free Trade then . The reduction was under a system of monopoly ; under Mr . West ' s favourite system of protection . No doubt , bye and bye , that gentleman would tell them Free Trade would reduce wages ; but the real cause was the | Corn . Laws , which crippled commerce , and would not allow them to exchange the produce of labour for what foreigners could give us in i return . With an increasing population , if the
people were not employed on the land , how could we find employment for them , except by extending our markets ; and if by doing so wages should come down , let the price of food come down to the price of labour : and as the higher and middle classes had at present a sufficiency of bread , let but an increased supply come into the country , nnd those who now live on potatoes would get their fair share . The rent of the landowners must come down ; for Mr . M'Gregor had proved that the corn monopoly added millions yearly to their income . After some further remarks on machinery , Mr . Falvey sat down . The chairman introduced Mr . West , who said , that having been invited to attend the meeting , in consequence of Mr . Falvey ' s challenge , he expected that the question to
be brought under their consideration would be the merits or demerits of Free Trade ; but he was surprised to find that Mr . Falvey ,. instead of entering on the question , had indulged in such gross personal attacks on the Chartists as a body , on the Northern Star , on Feargus O ' Connor , and on himself . He knew that was not Mr . Falvey ' s usual manner ; and therefore he must attribute it to his ( Mr . West ' s ) appearance ; but whatever the cause , it argued a lack of argument , and was an unworthy attempt to excite their passions , instead of appealing to their judgment and reason : an attempt which he doubted not would be frustrated . But as the attack had been made , he trusted that before he entered on the question of debate , they would allow him briefly to reply to the
slanders that had been uttered . Mr . Falvey had insinuated that he ( Mr . West ) was amushroom Radical ; and that he was an advocate for tho landlord . This he ( Mr . Falvey ) knew to be untrue ; for his first appearance as a public speaker , was some three . months before Mr . Falvey himself _; and for the fifteen years that he had taken part in public _affah's , he challenged Mi' . Falvey to show one instance in which he had not advocated the principles of truth and justice , and struggled , under odium and persecution , on the side of the toiling millions . Mr . Falvey had" alluded to the dissensions among some portions of the Chartist body , in order to throw odium on the principles of the Charter . No one regretted their dissensions more than he ( Mr . West ) did ; but there had been a separa
ting of the chaff from the wheat ; and those who went from tho Chartists only did so because they were not of them . The Chartists were now a firm and united body ; and though they were sneered at as powerless except for mischief—they were feared by all nostrummongers , who would not dare to meet the public lest the "• disunited Chartists" should appear , and scatter to the winds the humbug and delusion with which they sought to deceive the people . Mr . O'Connor had been charged with inconsistency , because he voted against an unconditional Repeal of the Corn Laws when in the House of Commons . ; and still continued to maintain the same ground . That specimen of logic he would leave Mr . Falvey to explain as best he could . But the crowning charge was the removal of the Northern
Star to London 1 That was not to be easily forgiven . Monstrous impudence that the organ of Labour should take its stand , side by side , with the organ of the League—and the prostitute press-gang of both Whig and Tory ! But there it was ! That was a great fact ; and , however bitter the potion , swallow it the League must ; and , as they said in Yorkshire— _"rin and abide . ( Tremendous cheering . ) When " the League removed the Anti-Bread Tax Circular to London , no one brought that as a charge against them . Buttheychangedits name , and the _Starh & _A not been changed . Ah , there was the rub ! They hated tho nome not less than they hated the principles it advocated . r lhat « a » ie had been a terror to evUdoers . lhat name had been the hone of th _* _™
pressed and insulted millions . It had cost tie Government hundreds of thousauds of pounds to nut down one Northern Star ; and no doubt but ninny of Mr . _talvcys employers would gladly subscribe their thousand _^ they could sink the existing Star hi ncathtle political horizon : but while it continued tiie fearless advocate of the rhhts of man , itwould Haw ma _redouWed splendour , illuminating the mmdsofthc toiling masses , and _' cuecS & 0 ! _SfrSflS sl 0 l _- i 0 US - stru _- *»¦ tllci _? SW ! and Labours emancipation . ( Loud cheers 1 Anrl now , continued Mr . West let us _eZffi rTi ° » > - _»™ ; « » _-f fc su * ; that the SanS ™ _M-ocradMabTOd ; and that wo are _vmlviSS
men , that we were destined by God to be the
Important Discussion On Free Trade At Ro...
•' workshop of the world . " If foreigners were formerlv so capable of inventing and improving , are we to suppose that the present race has degenerated from their fathers , or that all the brains have taken flight from those lands , and settled in the cramums ot Englishmen , but more particularly in those of the Anti-Corn Law League ? The Chartists always contended that foreigners had the capability to manufacture for themselves , and would always do so when thev deemed it advantageous to themselves , lliey were doing so now ; and the only chance the manufacturers of this country have of competing with them is by underselling them ; and he ( Mi . West ) ma mere that night to prove , that that could not be effected but by reducing wages . ( Cheers . ) ineio iaw
were three great elements m production—tuc material ; the capital invested in machinery , & c . ; aud the wages of labour ; and it was only in one or more of those that a " cheapening" could be effected , so as to enable us successfully to compete with _10-rchmcrs . In the raw material foreigners had tho decided _advantage , for they were the growers 0 it it ; of silk , cotton , and a great portion of the wool , incy had it on the spot , whilst we had to import it , and pav the cost of freight and carriage ; so that no cheapening could be effected in that department . In the investment of capital in machinery , what little advantage wc formerly had , had been lost by the tree exportation of machinery ; but even if it were not so , foreigners have the advantage in their water power , ot
the cheapest of all motive power , 'lne only nev stem remaining was the wages of labour ; ami he challenged Mr . Falvey , or any other man in England , to show how a " cheapening , " so as to enable us to ' _-undersctt foreigners , could be effected but by a reduction of wages . But Mr . Falvey says , ' it wages must come down , bring down the price ot food to the price of labour . " Will the adoption of Free Trade principles do that ? No ! . and Mr . Falvey knew it . All the great authorities of the League—Mr . Greg , Mr . Cobden , Mr . Whitstone , Mr . Acland , cum multis aliis—all agreed that the effect of Corn Law repeal would be , " not so much to cheapen provisions at home , as to raise them abroad . " That humanity was quite of the Alderman Brooks school . It is
tyrannical , anti-christian , and murderous to tax the bread of the people of this country , but quite a matter of " policy" to make it dear to the foreigners Was ever humbug so barefaced as that ? Mi * . Falvey said the rent of the landlord must come down , and he quoted Mr . M'Gregor as an authority to prove that the corn monopoly adds millions to their income . But what said Mv M'Gregor in his evidence before the Import Duties Committee , when . " asked if a repeal of the Corn Laws would cause rents to fall ? He said no ; on the contrary , I think the rents of land would greatly increase . Pretty way that of bringing down rents , if Mr . M'Gregor was to be taken as an authority . Mr . Falvcv talked a great deal about wages , and said ,
though wages had fallen during the last forty years , that was under a system of protection , and not under Free Trade , because wc have not had it . He ( Mr . West ) denied that the working classes had " protection . " It was for the want of , it that they were bound hand and foot , and laid prostrate at the feet of blood-cemented capital . And though they had not what Mr . Falvey called Free Trade , they had some of its anticipated benefits in yearly extensions of commerce ; and what did those prove but that each year we were impoverishing _ourowncountry to bestowthe benencfits onthe foreigner ; reducing the wages . of labour to cheapen the cost price of the article exported ; giving increased quantities of export for decreased amount of value in return ; destroying the home market , and only conferring benefits on the rich consumersthe fundholders , pensioners , and tax eaters of various kinds . And this was the system Mr . Falvey wished
to extend , and to persuade them would be a great benefit . ( "No , no , " from Mr . Falvey . ) Well , if it were not so , perhaps Mr . Falvey would tell them of some of the benefits to be derived from Free "Trade ; for as yet he had most guardedly avoided the subject . Mr . Falvey said wages were not regulated by the price of food , and that the terms cheap and dear wore merely nominal ; the ability to purchase being the real question . In that he perfectly agreed ; but it is a most complete destruction of the clap-trap cry of the League—'" cheap bread ! " As a proof , in 1801 , when wheat was 115 s . lid . per quarter , a weaver of a six quarter cambric , sixty reed , Bolton-court , could purchase with a week ' s wages at that price , 132 pints of wheat ; whilst in the last six years , with wheat under 60 s . per quarter , with his week ' s wages for the same description of work , he could only purchase sixteen pints of wheat !
Mr . Falvey ; Where is your authority for that statement ? Mr . West handed him Mr . Hobson ' s Poor Marts Companion , and pointed out the table , " The Free _Traders' Looking-glass . " Mr . Falvey : I dispute that authority ; it is a table without a name to it , and might be fabricated by Mr . West or his friend Mr . Hobson , to suit their own particular purpose . Mr . West : The table is compiled from Mr . Marshall ' s oelebrated statistical work , the Digest of Public Vocuments , Mr . Falvey : I . dispute Mr . Marshall as an authority ; he is not considered one .
Mr . West : It was the first time that he had heard the authority of that man disputed ; but Mr . Falvey said he was no authority , and therefore all the world must believe so . But he would lay before the meeting the claims of Mr . Marshall to authority , and then they would be able to judge between him and Mr . Falvey . Mr . Marshall was engaged by the "Whig Government to make a compilation of 700 volumes of journals and reports on the Trade , Commerce , and Finance of the country , which had been presented to both Houses of Parliament . That Herculean task took him two years of arduous and unremitting labour to accomplish . As a reward for his services , he was to have had the place which Mr . Porter now fills , as the head of the statistical department of the Board
of Trade ; but it was found that Mr . Marshall was too honest , and in some of his notes to the tables he placed the Free Trade policy in its true light , as ruinous and destructive to British interests ; and therefore he was placed on the shelf , —his work was limited to about 1 , 300 copies ; but of that number , by an unanimous vote of the House of Commons , a copy , at ' two guineas a volume , was purchased for each member . That work , and his blowing up of the scheme of the sinking fund—for which , after six months' drilling , he made Joseph Hume his instrument—will hand his name down to posterity as an authority—and one , too , that will not suffer much by not'being "believed in" by the " political prigs" of the school to which Mr . Falvey
belonged . Mr . Falvey claimed ; Oavtwright , - Hunt , and Cobbett , as belonging to Ms school ; but tlic world know that those great men and " nobles of nature" were advocates of the principles of the Charter . The massacre of Pcterloo was perpetrated on those who met to petition for Universal Suffrage , Vote by Ballot , and Annual Parliaments , and not , as Mr . Falvey would make you believe , for a repeal of the Corn Laws . Cobbett always contended that , before you could attempt to have Free Trade , there must be an equitable adjustment of the debt , and a reduction of the national burdens . The same doctrines the Chartists held at the present day . Those great men were their teachers ; and they could not be considered " mushroom Radicals . " How many of Mr . Falvey's school would come forward to advocate
the principles ol the men , whose names they wished to pirate to serve their own selfish purpose ? Mr . palvey had denounced tho landlords . but the question £ as not to be decided by such means . Were lie ( Mr . West ) inclined to recriminate , he could a tale unfold of the robbery , oppression , and absolute murder , perpetrated by the manufacturers and their systema tale that would make even landlords , with all their faults , appear as gods in comparison . Both classes were equally the enemies of labour ; and whenever its claims came under their consideration , they forgot their differences and united together for the purpose of keeping the poor man down . In conclusion , he called on Mr . Falvey to point out some of the benefits that would arise from the adoption of principles of Free Trade . Mr . West sat down amid enthusiastic applause .
; Mi _\ Falvey : Mr . West has told you that I insinuated he was an advocate for the landlords . I now distinctly charge him with it ; for at Blackburn he moved and carried a resolution in favour of monopoly , and never mentioned the Charter . He finds fault with me for bringing the conduct of the Chartists forward . I had a right to do so , as a Chartist was my opponent . Mr . West appealed to the chairman as to what was the subject lor discussion ? The Chairman The question is , "Whether Free Trade would be beneficial or nyurions , " and my opinion is that Mr . Falvey should not introduce extraneous matter . Air . Falvey : 1 am asked to point out the benefits ot _rree'lrade . Cheap bread , and plenty of it , is a good thing ; and good wages is a good thing . Mr . West has talked a good deal about his "three elements , " and challenges me to prove how we can undersell foreigners but b y fallingupon wages . There other
are ways . We pay twenty shillings a quarter on wheat ; it that was abolished it would be absorbed in wages and profits , and would enable us to undersell them It was the same with Sugar and other things . In Switzerland they had Free Trade , and they found it to work well . In America the _dc-^ _KX ? in / ! ° _™ ° _W > P ' 0 _™ 1 bytllc election of Mr . Polk ; a fact Mr . West had not noticed . The SS " iT 01 llad , _l ( i 011 abolished , but the price had Bfc West had not told them any thing of the past ; he jumped into futurity . The Corn Laws hail not kept up wages ; and it it were not for the late abundant harvests traae would be in a wretched condition He thanked them for the attention they had paid to Mr .. West and himself ; and it would not be long before he would visit them again , when he would enter into the question more fully than he had done ..
Mr . West . Mr . Falvey has charged mc with being an advocate of tho landlords , because in the discussion at Blackburn I did not introduce the Charter ; but he has not the lionestv to tell you that he positively refused to hold tho discussion it I mentioned the Charter ! " So much for his
Important Discussion On Free Trade At Ro...
honesty . Mr . Falvey has told vou that if the _dutyiy on'corn and sugar were repealed , we could then un-iderscll the foreigners , because the raw material would fd be cheaper . Does he mean , that if we import coma and sugar , that it will change into cottons , woollens , _i , and silSs to be exported ? For that is his argument , t . Mr . Falvey said , they had Free Trade m Switzerland ; !; but he forgot to tell you that they had Universal Suf . ; frage there also . ( Chews . ) Mr . Falvey had referred I to the election of Mr . Polk in America ; but he f p r .. got to tell you that it was the " Agrarian League _"^ . the Chartists of America , who are straggling to make e the public lands public pvopertv-that secured his _s election ; a party who cared little about the fud ge-. _ography of Free Trade , They were told that the 2 duty on wool had been repealed , without depreciation 1 therefore Tradmust b
in price ; and that , , Free e o a t good thing ; but Alderman Bateson , ot Leeds , had I published a state of the transfer of our woollen trade 1 to the continent . In 1824 , the export duty on Bri-. tish wool was removed , and from 1824 to 1840 , the exports had increased from nothing in 1824 , to » 4 S 10 , 387 lbs ., in 1840 ; while the exports ot British 1 woollen cloths , of all sorts , had decreased from _i 507 317 pieces in 1824 , to 258 , 062 , in 1840 ; and ia , Vcrvicr and Aix-La-Chapclle , where we exported . most of our wool , in 1840 they manufactured 70 , 283 pieces more than Ensrland exported to all the world . Let Mr . Falvey note those facts . We were told the Corn Laws produced all the evil in the country ; but would Ml ' . Falvcycxplain one factthat under the Corn Laws wc had bad trade and good trade , cheap provisions and dear provisions , higher _couiu not
wages and lower wages . Unc cause produce these opposite effects . But an abundant harvest had made trade good—a proof , that it wc cultivated our own soil we need not depend on the caprice of foreigners . As . Mr . Falvey had promised to visit them again , he would assure them that when he did come he would . find him ( Mr . West ) there also . ( Loud cheers . ) They had heard the arguments on both sides , as far as time would permit , andVhen he ( Air . West ) next came among them , after they had calmly reflected on what they had heard , he would ask for their opinion . He had to thank them for the fair play they had shewn , and the attention with which they had heard him . —A vote of thanks was carried by acclamation to the chairman , and thus ended one of the most important meetings ever held in Rotherham . Chartism has received a great impulse . Too much praise cannot be given to the brave men of Rotherham for their conduct .
LONDON . _MKTROPOLlTAff District Couxcn ,, 1 , Turnagainlahe , Skinnef _^ strcet , December 29 th . —Mr . Simpson inthe Chair . —Several members having delivered m thcir . roports respecting the projected Duncombe procession , Mr . T . M . Wheeler said communications of great importance had been received from some of the Trades . He , therefore , would suggest the propriety of suspending all operations as regarded the Duncombe procession for a short time , in order that the Trades might have sufficient time to . perfect their _arrangements . The Secretary also read a letter from
Mr . T . Barratt , Secretary to the Associated 'trades o £ London , breathing the best spirit towards Mr . Dimcombe , and promising to bring the matter officially before the Associated Trades at their next meeting . Mr . Pattenden moved , " That the Committee forgetting up the Duncombe procession suspend their operations for the present , in accordance with the suggestion of Mr . Wheeler . " The motion was seconded by Mr . Stallwood , and earned unanimously . The Committee for getting up the late Soiree reported progress , and steps having been taken to effect an immediate settlement of that matter , the CouncD adjourned .
NORTHAMPTON . Grand Chartist Tea Party and Ball . —The Chartists of this town held a Tea Party and Ball on Friday , December 27 th , in the large room at the Saracen ' s Head Inn . The room was inconveniently crowded . After the good things of life had been disposed of , that sterling Chartist , Mr . Geo . Watson , was unanimously called to the chair , aud opened the meeting in a clever and appropriate speech , which was warmly responded to by the assembly . The chairman then proposed the following sentiment , " The People , the legitimate source of all power ; may they speedily obtain their just rights through the enactment of the People ' s Charter . " Mr . Gammage responded to the sentiment , and was loudly applauded . The next sentiment was , " T . S . Duncombe , Esq ., M . P . F . O'Connor , Esq . ; Dr . P . M . M'Douall ; James Leagh ; James Bronterre O'Brien _. Esq . ; and all who honestly advocate the people ' s cause : may they live to see
their exertions rewarded by the success of the cause for which they have so arduously struggled . " Mr . Henley responded to the sentiment in an eloquent speech . 3 rd sentiment , " Frost , Williams , Jones , and Ellis : may they speedily be restored to their families and their homes . " Mi ' . Hollowell responded . 4 _tli sentiment , " The Democratic Press : may it bo a [ beacon light to guide the people on the path to freedom . " Mr . Crawford responded in a sound Democratic speech , in which he amy shewed the advantage of an unshackled press . 5 th sentiment , " The immortal memories of Tell , Wallace , Washington , Einmett , Fitzgerald , Hampden , Pirn , Cartwright , Hunt , Cobbett , Beaumont , Taylor , and all who have struggled and died in the cause ofliberty . " Mr . Mnndy responded to tho sentiment . 6 th sentiment , "Tho Ladies : may they be found hearty co-operators in the political and social regeneration of our country . " Mr . Gammage responded . Dancing then commenced which was kept up till a late heur .
BRADFORD . ( Working Men ' s Movements . —Perhaps there is not a town in England where the operatives have a _abetter knowledge of the cause of their degradation than they have here ; but , by some means it is found hard to create as good an organization among them as ought to exist ; and although Chartism is the darling theme of the masses , scarcely one in fifty are enrolled members . What is the cause ? The working men are disgusted with the trickery , shuffling , and empty-headed vanity of some would-be leaders , who remained in their ranks just long enough to create discord and division by endless quarrels and bickerings . At length , finding
they could not succeed in foisting themselves and their little nostrums on the people , they vented their spleen on what they term the O'Connorites , and set up as Free Traders . Now that the intellectuals are gone , the organization improves weekly . Lectures are delivered at Butterworth ' s Buildings on Sunday evenings , which begin to draw public attention , and tend to add to the numbers of the enrolled ; and it is shortly intended to engage one of the public halls for the use of the Chartist body . _^ tzler ' s " Tropical Emigration Society" has gained a large accession to its numbers here , over one hundred shares being taken up , the main part by Chartists . The first instalment , amounting to £ 60 , was paid up this week .
TO THE CHARTISTS OF NORTH LANCASHIRE . I Brother Chartists—The time draws nigh when our esteemed friend and fellow-worker in the cause of democracy , Thomas Tattersall , will be released from that dungeon which for two long years has entombed his body and separated him from those who are struggling for the principles which the dungeon ' s gloom will not have estranged him from . No , brethren , we venture to predict that he will return from his dungeon with a stronger impress on his mind in favour of the cause he so patriotically embarked in , and for which he has suffered . Believing that those principles are still held dear by you , and believing that you have a lively hope of their realization , —a hope that the unhallowed touch
of tyranny cannot extinguish , —we venture to solicit your aid in providing a suitable testimonial of our affections towards the persecuted sufferer , not only for supplying his immediate wants , but to prevent the opposers of our glorious principles , those who fatten and luxuriate in the sunshine of class legislation , —from reproaching us with ingratitude and indifference to those who have suffered for advocating the cause we arc mutually embarked in . To attain the above desirable object , a " Testimonial Committee" has been formed in Burnley , who are collecting subscriptions for the purpose of
providing Mr . Tattersall with a good suit of clothes , and otherwise to give to him marks of esteem ; and believing that the Chartists of North Lancashire will not be backward in aiding the good work , we have thought proper thus to call your attention to it . And we beg further to state that tho time being short , we arc desirous that parties collecting subscriptions should lose no time in transmitting the same to the Secretary , together with the names of the subscribers , that the same may be laid hefore Mr . Tattersall for his inspection as early as possible after his release , which will be on the morning of tho 15 th February , 1 S 45 .
Communications and subscriptions should he transmitted to tho Secretary of tho Committee , Mr . John Place , Winn Hill , Burnley . Signed on behalf of the " Testimonial Committee , " Jonx Place , Secretary . _Jonx Heap , Treasurer .
SCOTLAND . . Alva . —A public meeting of the inhabitants of Alva was held iu _# \ c People ' s Hall on the evening of the 21 st inst ., for the pin-pose of memorialising her Majesty for the return of Frost , Williams , and Jones . Mr . James Walker was called to the chair . Mi ' . _DIlarrower moved , and Mr . George Rattray seconded , a memorial in behalf of the suffering _alalia's . } llCu was unanimously agreed to . The memorial has _o'CP " sent to Sir J . Graham for presentation to her Majesty . A social meeting was held here on Tuesday
evening , the 24 th inst ., for the benefit . of Mrs . John Duncan ; Mr , D . narrower was called to the chair . After the meeting had been entertained for a short time with songs and recitations , the chairman introduced Mr . Clark , who addressed the meeting on the people ' s right to the land . The mode in which the question was handled by oar friend gave great satisfaction . At tho conclusion of Mr . Clark ' s address , the meeting was further entertained with songs and recitations . Votes of thanks to the singers , and to Mr . Thomas Clark for his excellent address , closed the evening ' s proceedings .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 4, 1845, page 2, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns4_04011845/page/2/