On this page
- Departments (2)
&ovei$n ana ©omcgttc $tttfHi %enee*
« ^_ SFIBIT OP THE P&ESS.
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
( Continued from our second page . ) he People's ChaTter had been set a float . It -was said that they were too poor and ignorant to have the franchise . Indeed ! whose fault "was that , when the different charities of the country were considered , and -when a priesthood was paid for instructing the "working classes , and took from them rive or six millions a-yearfor that . purpose : The very parties " who -were paid to instruct the poor wished to keep them in ignorance , in order that they miaht apply the funds that had been devoted , by charitable ludividuals , for education , to their own purposes . ( Great cheering . ) It was said they were poor , that was true enough , but . still they formed the greater pan of a nation—thev formed ttie greater part of the
productive power of a nation , " equal to double the number of men on the "face of the globe . ( Great cheering . ) Give them Universal Suffrage , and they ¦ would make that productive power the property Dot of individuals , but the people at large . In his opinion , the franchise would not be secure without the Ballot : and as to Annual Parliaments , they came forward recommended by the usage and custom of their ancestors . With regard to the Property Qualification , look at the present House of Commons : the pampered pensioner there was alwars ready to work for the prostituted Whig Government . ( Cheers . ) In hi * opinion , it was necessary that Members should be pniH for their service .- - ,
because then their services could be commanded . Labour vas the only property unrepresented : there Vas no compensation whatever for the labouring man except m the dungeons of the New Poor L : ut Bill and the despots of Somerset House . ( Great cheering . ) Meetings like the present were held U > t the purpose of pushing forwara the car of universal liberty , and he trusted they would all determine : i ,, t to r-iax in their exertions till the citadel of ov ^ rvs-¦ pon wa _ - rased from the ground . ( Continued cUt-t-rin ? . ) _ When such things had taken p ' acs—when the rights of liberty had been recognis-d , and oppression put down , then wosld the cluldren o ! industry exclaim—" The dav is ours . " ( Much
cneenne . . ) Mr . Whittle , the delegate from Liverpool , th * n came forward , and was most enthusiastically received . He had attended there that night for ine purpose of apprizing this meeting of the arre .-t o Mr . Stephens , oat Mr . O'Connor had ttVrea . '' y 2 i \ e . them that information . He was anslou ? , h . 'Avver . to tike that opportunity of stating to the present meeting the object of ibis proceeding , and tin- c nt&ct * t of the individual against wiu-m it h ; i . > btvn commenced . There had been a statejnt-nt pur lorn , that Mr . Stephens haJ in-tiga . t >» d : Le hunnus ol a factory . Now , in the neighbourhood in which that factory was situated , it was firmly believe ! th « t thrwork was not that of an incendiary . Iriiieei the pTOer of the mill had put forward an advertisement in Ashton , stating his firin belief that it nws truin
a pure accident by the ^ pontaueons combustion vi oil and coiton . ( Cheers . ) What , he would a . » k , u ;< J been the reason for incarcerating Mr . Stephens ? "tVb y . merely for the purpose of irighiening people from attending meeting ; such as this . ( Cheers . ) The present > v > tem of persecution had betran when Mr . O'Connell denounced Mr .-S : eph ns ns the advocate of physical force . What wn * there , be would ask . in that accusation ?—it imp . ied no crime . because eminent lawyers had said there was no peace for the people , unle-s the laws wa > upheld by th * people -with arms , who knew how 10 use them . ( Cheers . ) He believed if the men of London dia their _ duty they would accomplish tae object they had in view . ( Loud cheers . ) Their enemies had bf > en filled with consternation and dismav , and he
felt confident tlie day was theirs . ( Cheers ' . ) Sir F . Bnrdett , at Birmingham , had told them the Tories could not take office—and that if thev would put dovrn the Pope he worf . d support the Wbi ^ s . ( Cheers and laughter . ) The Marquis of Chandos was aeainst the repeal of the Corn-laws , and the other party paid ir _ it was not repealed they would be ruined ' . ( Cheering . ) He congratulated Mr . Cardo in having been elected to a post of such high honour as a dele " gate in times of danger , and he felt no doubt that he wojld fill it with credit to him *«\ f and benetit ti the working classes . Of Mr . Stephens . wh > had just been Jnearcerated , he would only > ay that he was one of their m ^ st manly delegates , that he ( Mr . W . ) honuured him , ai : d was pri / ud of hi- > personal acqn jiu > ance . ( Great cheering . )
Mr . MAiTLA . XDsa . id that thesnvst of Mr . Stephens had « et the wher-1 of revolution in morion . a ; i-j h ^ felt no doubt the s-ime step would be resorted n » * r . > -r . the National Convention met . ( Cheer . '' . ) A cnsi .-vras ar hand , and it remained m b « seen whritirr 'hmen of England would come forward : iud ;> n- > .-ric their own rkhi * . ( Cheers . ) Priestcraft in j : ;! c 1 . 1 - tries was alike , wiieih-r Prot- * staa : s or C ..: ~<> . ic * ; and there was no cure for it , but to take away the bone of contention from beta . ( Great charing . ) lie inewit was a sore place to talk of Auu-rica . hot there there wa * no State Church —( Vbec-rs )—and if h ? r example wa * fallowed , a chefip government "Would be obt- ± i : > ed , ?^< well r-s Universal Su ffrage ( Cheers . ) If phy .-: c . l furce was r ^ -orvd to for the purpose of put r irjjf down ibe peep ' : ? , they were jnstiried in resordug to it to put down their oppressors . ( Cheers . ) "
Mr . O'Co > - ? foR—Before he put the re * oluti > . n to the meeting , would taJc the opportunity ofsaying a ft-w words wiili re > pect to the arrest of Mr . St-.-phens . He was now in tiie hands of their enemies ; h . m"es a man who had stool by the cause of the peojAe throngh good report and through bad report , and he trusted that the people would now stind by him ; that they would not injure his cause by any viclrnce , as that was all that their enemies now wished . ( Cheers . ) If to-morrow the people who loved Mr . Stephens because he was a good fostering shepherd over his flock , which was the people ; if they now let their ex-citeicent get the better of tlwm , the Government would be enabled to put thrmdown pit-cerneal They would then cain a triumph over the unarmed
people , and they would have no dimculty in huting a jury of shopkeeper * to rind them guilty . He had io .. g be-n an atritator , < fc he had often used stxocglanguacp . Dnring a " period of 7 year ? he had been agitating and nnng " strong language , but he tad ever counselled peace , and no one had ever been imprisoned for arendicg any meeting which he had counselled . 4 i Discretion was the better part of valour . ' and he trusted that the people would not commit any breach of the peace , for it would be sure to damage the cause of Mr . Stephens . Let them be united , not by oaths , for they were only for traitors , "but let them be firrn , and all would yet be wclL As Mr . Stephens had become odious in the eyes of their oppressors , eo no doubt were all who agitated in the ? ame ca . c > e .
Come iriiat might to Mr . Stephens , be ( Mr . O C . ) would never desert him . ( Cheers . ) He hid often been taunted with having counselled physical force , and that most unjustly ; but one prophecy of feis had become true . He had very frequently said that the oppressors of the people would be the first to use physical force , and that they would , before they gave the people their just rights , namely , \ Jni \ ers ; il Sarrrae-e ; and now they had done so . ( Groans . ) Tne arrest of Mr . S ^ phens -was ian act ef physical force . The arrest or their friend would not make them relax in their endeavours , bot it would , as it ought to do . make them more resolute . ( Loud cheers . ) The tyrants ought to look before them , for he could assure them that , let them-murder Mr .
Stephens , or any one of the- people ' g friends , from every drop of blood so shed , ten thousand friends would spring up . ( Hear , hear , and loud cheers . ) If hi * advice was tiken , the indignity offered tn the people in nie person of-Mr . Steptu-ns , would recoil upon their enemies . ^ H-ear . ) He had frequently cautioned them against " the efforts of sham Radicals , and he did so again , for . they "would mosi undoubtedly cow play into the hinds of the Whigs . They had nothing to fear from the Tories , for they were down never again to rise . They had little to fear from the Whiis , but let them beware of tho > e ¦ who professed to " be their fnenJs . It was to the sham-Radicals thiit ihe incarceration <> f Mr .
Stephens wa * owing . That Revt-rend ; and really kind-hearted man , as well as himself , haj be' -n denounced by those sham friends ; butnotwiihstan- - ins the denunciation of Mr . Ward , the sham-K ^ Ji ¦ ¦ a . i Member for Sheffield , or the kind enquiries o ' Sergeant Campbell—( loud laughter)—he was still amorigsc them . ( Loud cheering . ) H * wouia tell their enemies to pause , to consider weii ¦ waat they were about to do , for if they irritated the peojle beyond the point of endurance , woe . unto them , for it would be indeed difficult to stop tb . e carnage when it was unce . begun . He tor cue would stand by Mr . Stephens and he trusted the people of London would do the same . _ ( Cheers . ) had done him the hononr
Mr . Cardo said as they of ' electing him their delegate , he begged to say a few words before the resolution was passed . The "Whigs had laid their hanu « upon Mr . Stephens—it vas an index of their determination \ but he could a « u-e them that even if he shared the same fate , he -was determined to f > llow the same line of conduct a * had been pursued by that really good man- . ( Loud cheers . ) He had sworn never : o be quiet until Lni--rers&l Suffrage had been got , and nothing but the attainment oi that object or a prison would satisfy bi ™ - , , , The resolution was then unanimously adopted , and the meeting adjourned .
———^ FEABGUS O'CONNOR , ESQ ., TO DANIEL O'CONNELL , ESQ ., M . P . LETTER HI . ( Continued from our latt . ) The Repeal hack broken down , yon w ^ e dismounted lor the season , bnt for the Corporation Reform . You dina | fc . t Curk , and you male tidermen and lord mayofcg ? without mercy / "On , " said you , ' no , no , 1 won ' t give your enemies a irinnipb , by agitating the Repeai Question now ; 1 will piacr it " in abeyanee , -in ordrr to have the co-operation ol all Re : o ' nners upon the question of Corporate Reform . "' Yo- certainly made the most ol vonr steed ; yon actually persuaded some ihat the ch \ : n was being made , and others , that their promotion
would quickly follow ; I lansched nt your presumption : \»> u kuew well that tho flattering anticipation of local distinctions , would . have the effect of estranging those looking for them from the people , upon thequestion ol" the Repeal of the Union . You were a \\ are that the ljonesty of the people would ensure their support upon any question , and none more likely than one , np . which you conl . l introduce the balm of religiujs equality " in the di-tribunon of civilI right- ; h , >> vev .-r , t »; i got the Cr , j . » ntre Reform Bill into trood o .: our—the payers oi tb ,-annual subscriptions are the poor people—the c-1-lectors and mauagt-rs belmig to the eb > s from vr « iicii your new civic cjfB ^ r-rs wen- to be taken , and tUus you ensured a plentiful harvest .
Novrl was reaily atixiuu't lor Corporate Refurm , not thnt I thought that the people generally would benerit much by it . bni tic cause ' men of probity , oi property , ot eUrn- ; > t :-u and charp . cter , were .-hut out ; n ) tn "tlices in coii .-eqiieni-e of their religion . I ; im a much better fri nu i . i tL- Irish Ca'liolics than you » re . I would uoi ali .-vr ; uiy > -, ' uition in the state to be closed aga ; ii .-t tiietli—u " . ner prime-minister , ior . l-chancelliir . >> r r ( i : i : ! i ];; in : er-i : ; -fhicf , or lordlieutenant of Ireland—i :, d I wjil te ! l you more , if 1 hud but the a ! f' -r . / uli-f 4 > f appn . priati / iif tit / ies to clerical purpom . bimaj fj dett rowiiq t lit in utlogct / ier , I wouldgive tlie entireto the Lalitolic Clergy , lor they are the ministers ot ta < - - * . Ue religion . But 1 am fur the " total . 4 B 0 litio . \ , " Jii i I think th . it the i . ext gnneratiou of Priest .-, ( .: tiiey h . id tue titlie .- ) ¦ uiu . U be a < great tvriinL- lib t-.-. i- p . v ~ p-.: t gcuera . H'a of \) u-» oiis . and whenever ; i ^'' vrriiiiii -nt willies loJ-Mroy the realitv ot ' reiijrious uirtnt-iu-.-. thev havr but to
app » im ihp tithes to th miuisttrs of th . it religion . During the - ^^ ion of ] 5 : M . tie n . it truteJ Coercion Bib cume on : you snpi « irted it , i o- . 'pi ^ si . ! it * it . i nil u > Y iniietit , stau : ig th--u , m 1 do nu > v . th ; it 1 ut .- \ rr wuuiij t > e a party even to making severt- iutir : « l l ^ uvs tor a starving people . ] ackiiOw ! -. ' . ;^ th ; -. t it n-Jif ^ f ^ iurn - uu were proiessional agitators iron , » ny r . sk , b t 1 w . shed lur no superiority over thu > u wiiosu iiiit-rt-sts I represented . Mr . Shiel also oppn .-ea it ; y . iu tied tne rope round the neck of the pr-iiui agitator , when you ( as a political ngitator ) had e * caueu fro ; u -he n 'ose . ^ Your cjii . iuct uouu me m .-. i-urv is bfinv the public , hut , as all public men are public proj <^ rty , 1 shall Bive you the opinion ot' one of Ireliiud ' s t > est memiiers rfiiitive to your supp . rt ol th . t measure . The geuiWm : m allnd . " d to anal t ^ nkethe Mii ; e lisht , and , shortly aft-r 1 hid couciud'd , « tleti the Hou . < e together ; " nt hisreijuesr I accompanied nitn d .-wu Gr ^ at ( jeoree-street to tie ParU-aate , ' ¦¦ en he thus a-. ' drrs-t'd me . " Wkli ., O'C ' o . n . noh .
WHAT ARE WE TO no WITH THIS MAX ; LI'ON MY SOLU 1 HAVE OBSEIlTri ) HIM OF l . irC , AND HE IS KILNING ISAM ) SEJ . UMi THE Cil U . M'liV . '' ihe coi 5 :: riu : ii ; y must put a cou .-. r icn- ' ^ i n ^ ou tiiese word- also ; I s . - , ve tnem wit ' u . it - :.- o . c-i-nm-nr , and am ready to laeudun who V .-. * P . xTr . nn w . l-. During the .-t-s / ieu of whu-h I sp- ik , 1 went at yn : ir re . ] iu-t t . j D-j njrano ,, :- o .. ¦ .. ) .-el ! ,. r Mr . Jarob . and tber' p-r ? . irn ; e ( l one ot those ihiise twr-AiDacts b y which 1 have rend- rrd myselt unTro .- ; : iy of the co : ; fid-nice of the Liiier . ii par ; y iu Ireian i . Of cour . « 1 have no rieht to niter er ^ w-itli
your c > mmm e business . >\" e know that prhute i 5 : iis ure suinetinaes worth the coni-iut / nuiun ot the sojjcicors who have cru . rae oi " tlicm . b ' -i ie tii '* co ; nmittees ; yon recollect the St . George M- <; i ! N . » v . j ; ntion Coiup ^ uy ; they applied for a B : ;;; t .. eC ' i . rk mercha-. t .- si-kediue to oppose it ; pi-rh . ip . < -y . \ ouforce : it ; you promised iae to ... pp ! i > .- l . Mr . l \ u : \ x ' Mahonv . a verv ze ; : lo ; is r' - 'licitor , b . . d i ! ' . a : i . _ ement i : : he Hill , and he r . > ed all hi .- ii 11 -: t--1 !•• ] irocure y '• •; , «;; . vdanre upiii the cou :: n ; it ' . '> -. I vt-uv and tii . v . Tit' thrit the whole thins . ' w . ., ( - , i : r ] p ' .-- u job . 1 opp . i sed it in committee ; when , p -ij Air . Mahouy then dia ^ overei ! that 1 wos uui-n ; i . e rmumittee ; 1 then opposed it in the llots .-i- ; \ ou . . -
nounced it as a job ; but , when tV \\ v . < t for H . irliamenuiry opposition arrived , 1 looKec . ums . i vmn , icr yov . rsupport ; and , at the last mu ; ii .-iit \ . iu sirut me wcrd that you had promised M . u . oj . y uot to oppose it . Tht-re are several very rn . i . Iu * lact ? connected with the Bill of which 1 > p-.-ak , but . as 1 understand a gentleman is now }> rocur . nt : wiiat he terms private Bill intelligence , I shall ' If . ive the matter in his hands . 1 am told that the Ji-oneri .-. s upon this subject , will < rive the best nu >» cr to tlie ajiumAraent which the love of a seat in l ' ariiainwut ; r , >; 'irt- ; i ignorant people with . ' i _ ii- u . rres-ion reminds me of another attempt ' ¦ * •"• ' ¦¦;• ¦ . " 'J !¦ ' - > '• .-.- ' roy m . ' . ] t is persuiuvl matter ; i » .... ; : ¦ -r / . / r _ ' - „ .... . you of the M ^ o ; jt gOIBery rleCti : ni - ¦ :-,, . , v- —r . jr . : ' . ijh , -itnnir inemhtT . Colont-l
' ' ' ¦ -- ¦ r " ' -- ¦ ' ¦¦ ¦ ¦ —v .. cour-e you rt-coiirct our f i :. v •;• - .. t ; . . i he ; , r - ; . ; . ! nicer the decision of thai cor > jm :: r .-. I .- 'iu .- , .: •• . . ¦; ( he pain of r .- ' ; iridin £ you o- ymr , i'te :. }< : " ! : i- -r ¦ . "•¦ nee ilrriu ^ ihe sittintr of t ! ie coni : ^ -. tt . o ; ! . 1 a- > . r . : ¦ - ¦; i < - OToim-11 . Mr . Finn . Mr . L .-. or . - . Mr . ' ' arry , Mr . . i iivm and myself were en tl : e (;¦ :: ; , r : \ ¦ . . j :. ' : n i . -ecrecy was enjoined , you v : ;• • . ¦ . . - ¦ 1 v li-. - . t . l ' \ , v p . (> " . cevdings—I did jn-t c <; : r-.:- t . ¦ ' •„ ; .. / . ( . I-.,-1 ] n' > w quote your \ t-r v .- > r > «' . ' ¦ . ¦ r ; '• •• . n . - '•'• '• ¦> , decidt-d . "Wei ! , Fear .- ' .- * . ; ., 'j -. r . « \\ . % l \ i ± u nev ^ r should h \ , . \ , r : i >/ ' . - ^' -. " l , ' . ¦ . " ; rep ' liel , *¦ You aJKuy- i ! i- \ -,-v--r c . r-r ; : i j ; : t r ' -j . venien ! ii : a > , ' . " 1 \ u : \\ ¦ a : i ' : ; -r m ¦ ; . . - ; . -.- . which 1 sh :-ill not uiei . Uon . P-naps i : n . iv i .- » i i unin ' erH-tiu ? to . -tate hi-rc the trips ti . . ; \ v-n- L .. ^ for the timii \ before the committee to ^ Yl . - . ii h :. \ referred .
Mr . Path ' s counsel "Werf employprl up ..- . i i--- \ . T ;» i other corninini-c-- , ai :-i . a ^ i \ j ' . ; r- > r . I tru- 'l t . 1 " : tie evidence , and th-.-r-: 're cro « --examii ! - d ail the witnesses , aad to . ) k downev-rv word uf tl :-- * r te-tirnonv it 5 fi < a . verj heavy work ; it la-ted nany davs ; ami after t , < .- three or tour rirst . it ^ nick m ' e that tln-rtwa < not a shadow of charge aj : ainsiMr . Puth . The coruiLitr-e war pretty neariy bnlaiicec ) , and it wa . - th .-ra ^ ht xiiat on-.-vote woultl hn \ e turiied it . J tden four : ' ! tLrt many remarks v . rr- iir . ici ' , which came to my ears , but upon the evening be in- we d ;\ iieii
areiativeof yours said to me in tli-- Uou-e . "Well , we h& \? found out the source of your .-uppurt o ! Pugh ; so you come to the committfe-roum evi-ry mumD ? iu M ^ r ? . Pugh ' s carriaiie , and lpav e thi-IIousj wirhher . " Totbis absurd retnark , 1 n *> un » d tb ^ rc .: tli i man , tbht Lis was the Jir .-t mtormation 1 hiid o : " Mr . Pugh ' s beiDg * . married mat ] , and that 1 never had exchanged a w » . rd . even with Mr . Pugh , Sir . I n-erely mention t ' ae'v fact-i . tnrliniMn themsehes i- point oat the snares and wiles with winch an bou » st man ' s path is beset .
To retnrn to the se ^ ion—Mr . Littleton brought in ranny short Bill ¦ ' ( of apj ^ areiitlvtnean impnrtance ) butof very great value , and , from the decided oppo-i ; : on with which you m ^ t one and all , you literally oisiiustf d him . I supported each and every one of them ; oup you would oppose , bscause it was bad , without tdling us why ; another yor would oppose . b-1-. iuie it might be tiiaJle beuer , but you would not coiide « cei ; d to say how ; another , because it gave the magistrates too much power ; another , because it jrave the lord-lieutenant too much powar ; but
your Teal cause of opposition was , because one and rill would have given the people more power . So you parsed through the session , and finally , you closed by enloginng "the base , the brutal , and bloody Whigs' '—confidence in Lord Althorp—all recollection of the Coercion Bill banished—the royal denunciation and Parliamentary chastisement atoned for . You had uot the courage to stand the brunt of battle , you ilmched wh- 'n you found that there was more np-hill work than ' you had expected ; I remained to my gnu , md am still at mv po"t : vou are a deserter .
After the session , you returned to Ireland , almost durnbioiindeti . The Corporate Question was Ketting rather stale , when r > . cis « olotion set you afloat once more ; then cp . tn . ? the ami-Tory asso ' ciations , < -. nd then came the strucjlo between the Liberal elective power and the Tory elective power . We-had beaten the Whics before—ag'iin we succeeie .:, in the county Cork , with the exception of the oniy borough in which you interfered , namely , Kinsa ' e—and yonr shuffling expediency let a Tory iu : or ttiat place—however , you worked very well dnririkr ibe recess , but in the South we worked bfiUer , and s « i ; ain we left to meet the foe .
S ; r . I hr . vn ijow laid before the world what your coni'nct was during thi- ypssion of Parliament . 1 have left out all personal matter , such as your- open , your aile . your generous , and unsuspected defence oj Mr . 6 / iie / , with reference to the absurd trial which he was obliged to undergo . J pass oveT many other matters of comparatively trifling import , and 1 ask you to ontradict one single syllable , or impute exaggerated meaning to any one word . 1 think , wer » I to rest my case ht-re , 1 might with confidence go to trial ; bur no . I know your reason for attacking me . and 1 shall therefore spare neither you nor
myself in completing my defence . You said just what you considered suflvieut without any " personal disrespect to Mr . Feargi's O'Conxor , " to prove to the pecyle of Ireland that you were in a pitiable situation whm opposed by men who oucehad the public confidence ; you moreover wished to show that your -ervices vrere the gTeater ?> . nd the only services which could be relied upon ; but . Sir , as I did not seek this battle , neither will 1 cry—hold . You have grappled with mine honour , ( to you a useless commodity ) it is the only principle with whicn 1 would condescend to work , it is one with the use of which you seem ignorant .
After much dry detail , my » ind has been diverted from a consideration of the general question , namely , tie anomalous condition in which unhappy Ireland has beea placed _ under your Dictatorship . The great community divided into two parties ; the one a setofneedrplace-hunters , bending beneath your nod , while the people , who create the power , are starving . All consideration of ciril rights sacrificed to the ideal value of a religions triumph , and thus , the hungry millions feed , for a season , upon the diiinis-al o 1 an Orange magistrate , who never should tiave hill office , aud whose removal should be contiJt-red as a mere maiter of course . Good God ! how can I write with temper , when I r .-flrct upon the degraded statt * to which you have brought jr . iulic op ' uvon in Ireland . Ambitious slave , aad power ' s pana-r ! you have taught a brave people t ) be coward . —a onerous nation selfishness—a shrewd people to doubt , couiemo , de ? p : se their own
opinions—and-a nation of fr ?( J * nen to wear their chains m fci hereditary bondsmen ^ ' which their fathers blushed to look upon . You hate aroused for them a sigh ef pity , while you have banished every feeling of respect ; the voice of prayer and the pliancy of prostituted limb , has replaced the nation's just demand , and the ¦ freeman ' . s stately > taud . Oiveyou bnt the tenth of one day ' s busy toil , and let the person measure his share of the remainder , ns act of Parliament shall best direct . You have balanced lucre against greatness , and instead of laying np a store of honoar for apes yet to come , yni have prostituted your country , and offered her : i ' bleeding sacrifice , at the altar of your idol ; but riches will perish , while your trne picture will be
dr . iA-n in history ' s page . B y others' follies , more th : in your own deserts , you haru been raised to a political pre-eminence , seldom enjoyed by man-A forced letter from a Pope , and the silenced Catholic minister , with neither of which had you any concern , have tended to mix your name lip with the ridiculous and sublime , nnd the very means taken by your enemies to crush your power , has bt-un your best support . In all the struggles for reliirion * and civil rights , has no man rendered Ireland one single service save yourself ? So one would suppose ; for , if they have , b y some curious process , each act has" gone to increase your power .
1 had nearly forgotten an important feature of the present session—I m »; an your conduct with reference to the Dorchester labourers—just fora momeut , reflect upon your shuffling upon that question . First , you thought the conviction legal and justifiable but that it was a case for merciful inter-, fere nee , and you should have the copy of the conviction before you could » ove ; nnd , in a few nights alter that declaration iu the Hou # e of Com-; : ioiis , as to the legality of the conviction , you attended a public meeting upon the subject , at 1 heoWid ' s-rond Institution , and there you declared that you had reconsidered the opinion given in the Mouse of Commons , that you were th ; :. v of opinion ( a ' ter devoting much time " to a consi . ii . rntion of the question ) that the conviction was against botb . lvw ana justice . Great cheering followed , and you : y ;; .-ii ! - ! e . l the meeting that you were an old practitioner , and teudered your services as counsel to the
Dorchester labourers . Iu a few . days you went back to the Mouse , and relapsed into your former error , ¦\ M again declared the conviction legal ; then th > - question came before the House , und you >\ y >\ e again < t the Dorchester labourers ; " aud r-: eu you wrote to the committee that you were mi .-repi > rted ; aud your letter was read at a meeting held at the Charlotte-street Bazaar , and then y . m finished by attending a dinner , in celebration ,, f t ' : t' pardon granted to the men , and there you tn .-d to e . t a vote of thanks for your friends for tardily undoing that which they had no right to do , for th .-y were the guilty party . The judge , you said , should sentence , and you defended him ; while 1 say that , ( even if he was justified in the sentence , ) it was the bounden duty of the Miuister of the Lrovtn to interfere , but you wanted to finish the -e-siou with a complimentary resolution to thu clemency of the Whigs , aud then to
say"S > i : i : what I did roil you with the ultra PAUTY . (> H ! YOU MUST NOT JJIND . MV id'SINO YOU oit ok tiif . House to thi : se ked hot Radicals ; nrr . Mixn now I trim yovii b . mvk when the stokm ro . Mi : s : ONLY JUST LET Mi : HAVE MY OWN WAY , AXD i > o xuT Gin : axv rooit laws to 1 iu : lani > , a . nd we am : all right . " Sir , 1 have done with the session , and shall therefore conclude this letter . I have the honour to be , FEARGUS O'CONNOR .
Anxious to afford our readers a just conception of tr . e rt ; il circumstances attendant on the arrest of Mr . Stephens , and of the effect produced thereby , we have collected the expre ^ -d sentiments of the Press ; some of which we uive helo . v . "We request the people to rend them carefully , and to note the names of the sever . il papers quoted , and the animus which jfervd / les them . First , we introduce the Leeds Mercury :-It will be seen , from the communication of our Manchester correspondent , that the Reverend
Joseph Ivayner Stephens was arrested in that towu liy two Bow-street officers on Thursday . The wxaminatiou took place , yesterday , at " the New Baiiey , Manche > ter , and was proceeding when our latest accounts left . Mr . Stephens was severely eros » t ; . \ : imining the witnesses . Every man of coin-. rmn sense will , we think , be of opinion , that OovcTnm ? nt had carried their forbearance towards this preacner of sedition and treason to the very uttermost , :. nd that th ^ y would have been very cul-; -ible to allow him any longer , amidst blazing f ; ic' ¦ > es , to scatter : ibro ; ij his instmations to the use ol i v torch und of the most deadly weapons .
:.. < . ' arrt < : of the k-ailer of the Charterists in T .:. iica-h ! re oti the ctur ^ e of using seditious lan-,-uage in one of his recent haruuguts ig a utep for which the magistrate * of ttidt county are entitled to the hearty coimueudations ot the community . Our t-orre-jjouoent who C'umnuincuted to us the above mentioned fact intimates tnai the magistrates have been induced to resorc to mis measure by the pressin g invitations of Mr . J . It . Stephens himself to the efft-ct that they would take him into cuntodj . 'JLhi *
can only be , true iu so far a * these pressing invitations , uttered in a tone of insolent bravado ami defiance of . the law , may have been one of the onuoneal artifices by w&icti the seditious agitator sought to iufhime the miuds of bin hearers , and to prepare them for the commisaion ol acts of criminal violence . It had certainly become necessary to repre «< , by a vigorous application of the law , such proceedings a- tbose which the reports of the Cbarterfst meetings in Lancashire aud elsewhere havt brou- 'ht under the notice of Government and the
public . J here could be no security for the public tranquillity , and , indeed , no satisfactory guarantee lor the lives anil propeity ol her j . Vlaj « . ity ' o loyal and peaceable subjects , so long as tbese proceedings were permitted to go on unchecked . It might , inrteed , be considered a yrouud of reproach to the magistrates of the district- * , in which * ucii persons athe Kev , J . R . Stephens have lor some tune bireti in the habit of addressing violent and inflammatory language to assembled multitudes , that their interference has been so long ueia ) ed . But , in ju .-tice to tho-e magistrates , it must be recollectea ttiat the present Ministers of the Crown , to whom they must account for their conduct , have not disdained tu carry inexsures of the greatest national importance by means of violent and inflammatory language addressed to assembled multitudes of the people
and have not always shown so much alacruy , as they ought , to extend to magistrate * , in ttie . honest and intrepid discharge of tbeir duty , th * t couutenance and support which no wise aud upright administration ever for a moment withheld from ttie faithful depositaries of subordinate authority . We hope the arrest of Mr . Stephens will have a xalutary influence upon the conduct of otne ' r agitators both in Great Britain and Ireland , who , like tu&t individual , have hitherto been in tne habit ot addressing incendiary harangues to tbe populace . Equal justice should be administered on tbe two sides ot St . George ' s Channel , even though it should beattended with the disadvantage of depriving Mr . O'Connell for a time of commodious apartments in which to receive the return visit of Lord ilorpeth . —Morning Past of Saturday .
The proclamation of the Queen in Council against illegal assemblies has been followed up by artu-asure which will give confidence to the peaceable inhabitants of the manu : ai . turing districts . The orator Stephens has bet-n placed under arrest ; the charge on vmich the wunaut was issued was for using incendiary language at a meeting held at Leigh a short nine since . It will be satisfactory to kuow tha : the apprehension , which took place iu the public steet ol Ashton , in opeu day , was effected without the slightest attempt at resistance , either b y Stephens or any one of his adherents . Considerable excitemeht prevailed ; but not more than tbe apprelieuviou for any crime of any other person of
notoriety a country town would have occasioned . The mude in which the warrant wan executed is worttly of comuiend « itioD . Had Stephens been arrested at one of ihuse meetings when he was surrounded by the multitudes whom he had so often sought to incite to miscbiel oy las inflammatory baraugues , however precautionary the measures lor securing the prisoner and preserving the peace mi ght have been , great excitement would have been produced , and bloodshed might have resulted ; while , on the other hand had the arrest been made at night in the house oi tbe party , we should l * avB h « ard much of the
timidity of the uoverurntnt—of the dread of a rising—of midnight emissaries , and nobody knows what else . The Furtitiatine tt prudentia—the fortitude and ' prudence— -shewa by those to w , hom the arrangement and execution of this interposition of the executive pertained have convinced the incendiary agents that tbe government has been neither an indifferent nor approving observer of their proceedings—but has only waited untii the lengths to which they ventured would amply vindicate inttie face of the country an extraordinary interposition of the law ; while the deluded people , who had been \< -d to suppose that tbe Government feared to interfere with tbe demagogue-- , are r : ow convinced that the law is yet omnipotent , aud iti ministers firm and faithful to
assertits dominion . The best result will , we are confident , ensue , nnd , indeed , are already manifest . No excitement prevails ; and everything ttnds to (• how that however large the assemblages which were drawn together to listen to the harangues of the itinerant orators , but lew sympathised with their objects or approved of the courses they recommended . —Globe , Saturday .
Arrest of Mr . Stephens . —Mr . Fox Maule . —We hear that the Kev . Mr . Stephens has been arrested by the Government . We know Dot oa what charge ; but we presume the substance of it will be found in a speech made the other day by Mr . Fox Maule at a dinner in Perthshire . We give extracts from the proceedings at that dinner , where a parcel of impostor Reformers have > been presenting a piece of plate to this treasury gentleman , on the ground of his being a meritorious Reformer ; and where he frankly told them that he had never been a Reformer in his life , till he found that Reform had been too long delayed . Findinp this , he came forward to share in the honour and
substantial rewards of being the instrument of that Reform , which the labonrs of others had accomplished ; and with a feeling very natural to' sach a person ,-he is now ready to do any kind of service in the persecution of those who , having produced a partial Reform with very different -views from those of giving Mr . Fox Maule place and power , are still pursuing the same object , with the same design which first set ^ them in motion ; that is , to confer some substantial advantage on the public at Iar « e . At this dinner , Mr . Fox Maule , a subordinate olificer of the Government , points out Mr . Stephens by name , as being an instigator of incendiary fires , arid calls on his masters to make him the subject of
a prosecution . Our readers know that , in criminal cases of importance , it is frequently the practice to hear the preliminary evidence with closed doors , to prevent justice from being defeated . But observe the process by which Mr . Stephens has been singled out and run down as a victim . Mr . O'Connell , the countryman of the famous Thomas Reynolds , and a man marked by every trait iu his character , as fitted for the service , which makes the name of Thomas Reynolds famous , seunds the first note at a distance ; calls Mr . Stephens bloody ; directly accuses him oi unlawful acts ; calls on the " patriot" Attwood , and other excellent Reformers , to denounce bim , to excommunicate himin short . This fuilinganother
, , Whig tool , fit to be the associate of Daniel O'Connell , Mr . John Edward Taylor , of Manchester , distinctly , publicly , and repeatedly charges Mr . Stephens with inciting to arson ; not in vague terms , but with having mentioned the mill of Mr . Jowett as one to be burned . Still no arrest takes place , but an underling Treasury hack is sent as tai as > Perthnhire to denounce Mr . Stephens as a violator of the law , not before any tribunal , but in an after dinner speech . The people will understand all this . They will rea . \ in it that the Government believe Mr . Stephens to be a true , sincere , and resolute friend of the oppressed millions ; that they deem
him , from his sincerity and zeal , formidable to the oppressors ; that , on that acciunt , a deep conspiracy has been formed to destroy him in the Irish manner , liy the circulation , In the first instance , of false but alarming charges ; to mark him out as an object of ; horror to the timid who are opposed to him , to make his discretion feared by the timid who act with him ; to cause him to be shunned as a dangerous man on all sides ; and , having procured his previous condemnation without evidence , to bring him to trial on any charge , when a verdict should have been first insured by the prevalence of public prejudice . Champion .
Ministers have at length exhibited some signs of political vitality ; that the first act of their revival will prove advantageous to the community , is , to say the least , very doubtful . From the extracts given below , oir readers will see that M r . Stephens has been apprehended on a tstute . warrant for a speech delivered , three weeks since , and one week after he had most unequivocally declared his intention of retiring from public agitation . We have been fully aware of the injury Mr . Stephens has done to the cause of democracy—we know the handle he has afforded to Whigs and Tories ngainst institutional amendments—but we can feel the sense of wrong under which h « acted , and we are certain that his
pipsent arrest is a mere wanton act of arbitrary p « iwer . Whatever may be Stephens ' s faults , he had succumbed to the firmly-expressed opinion of the Hadica \ party , and nothing but the present persecution could have prevented him Irom falling into that oblivion , his want of discretion , if nothing else , mnst nave rendered desirable . But minister * desire to h . 'ive an excuse for professing dread of the people ; they I'Hgerly seek occasion * for putting down political agitation ; they hopefully look for opportunities of dividing the masses from the friends of democracy in the middle and higher ranks : and
they are prepanng the minds of the timid and the s-Kishfor the time when they may ^ ettheSquiresand their _ Yeomanry upon the starving , and , because starving , discontented peasantry . We see in this act of unnecessary violence on llie part of the Ministers a Irtish indication of their approximation to Toryism ; and we siy this without reference to the purposes real or imagined of the injudicious Mr . Stephens . Our readers will find , in another column , a full abstract ol Mr . Stephens ' s letter , wherein he declares Iris resolve to retire into privacy . This was published a week ago . —/ Meekly True Suu ,
The arrest of the Rev . Mr ; Stephens , on a charge of uttering seditious language , is , it must be admitted , a most extraordiuary ntep , while a political incendiary like Mr . Daniel O'Connell , with his Precursor agitation , is at large , and not only at lar ^ e , hut caressed and honoured by her Majesty ' s MiniBr | &N—feasted by her Majesty ' s Irish Viceroy , and flattered and applauded by the Journals of the Whigs , whose profligate faction more than once convulsed " society , and nearly brought about a civil war to secure themselves in power . Can the Whigs , by issuing proclamations against torch-light meetings , " where violence has neither been done nor attempted , and by arresting the Rev . Mr . Stephen . *
as a talker of sedition , hope to make the British public forget their own iniquities in the way ot popular excitement and intimidation ? Can they obliterate the recollection of the infamous placards with which Whig emissaries covered the walls of London , with the iutention of creating a run on the banks , and throwing the commercial world , nay , all society , into confusion , to prevent the Whig Ministers from being ejected from Downing-street by the free exercise of the King ' s undoubted prerogative ? If a commercial crisis did not then take place , and if society was not thrown into a state of anarchical confusion , it was not the fault of those who posted
the walls with the flaring placards bearing the atrocious inscription , "If you would stop the Duke , . ? o for gold . " Scarcely yet has Pristol risen from the ashes of the fires which the instigators to popular intimidation and the incendiary appeals to physical force , which daily appeared in the "Whig journals , at that time had kindled . Nottingham still bears the blackening traces of the flames of Whig agitation . Tbe gallows at both those towns bear * infamous record to the fate of the victims of Whig Reform excitement—the wretched beings that , were tempted to violence to secure the Whig faction in power , and hanged in place of the real instigators , of whom they were but the infatuated toota . Dirt
any of the " Whig statesmen speak with disapproval of the directly rebellious threats of the then , Whiggih ' ed Birmingham hammermen ? Oh , no ! The menaces of physical force then made against the House of Lords , and the threats of marching upon London to carry those threats into execution , were repeated by Whig journals and Whig politicians , in tones of congenial violence . The Whig Attorney-General of that time spoke of the House of Lords in language well calculated to add fuel to the flame . The Whig Lord Chancellor , Irom his place on the Woolsack , like a first-rate showman in the " deep tragedy line , " solemnly raised the curtain of the
New Hall-bill "demonstration , " and in language of terrible import , pointed out to their Lordships the startling spectacle of 150 , 000 working men , kneeling bareheaded , and vowing , in the sight of heaven , that they must have the Reform Bill , or else— Any demonstration of physical force —any array of popular intimidation in favour of Whig objects , is good and patriotic . It U only when directed against Whiggery that such demonstrations are dangerous and treasonable—anti-Poor Law agitation is to be put . down , but anti-tithe ' and aitti-Corn Law agitation to be encouraged . —Morning Herald of Monday .
Our readers will find elsewhere an ample account of the arrest of tbe Rev . Mr . Stephens , and of his examination and of the evidence received in proof that he had been guilty of dangerous and inflammatory language , at a certain meeting which is there specified . It would be wrong to say , in the present stage of the proceedings , what may be the actual amount of crime committed by the alleged delinquent ; for as yet Mr . Stephens nas had no opportunity of rebutting the evidence brought against him , by any other proof than that of the crossexamination of witnesses . In tlie ceurse of the next three or four days , a further examination will take place' and then we shall be better able to jud ^ e whether the atrocious language attributed to M r . Stephens have , or have not any foundation in fact ,
If it ve true that he gave utterance to the language alleged to hare been employed by hiiu upon more than offe occasion—and if , at the same tinie , be be of .-ane mino!—we JtDow of no punishment , within moderate composs , which ought not to be inflicted upon him . On tlie other , if he be of insane mind —of a benevolent but imprudent -disposition—we crust that he will be Jeniently dealt with . , No good ever resulted from harsh treatment , and' more especially in cases where the heart , instead of the head , was the offending member . Anything which could admit of the construction of severity of vindictiveness , , in the further proceedings to be adopted towards Mr . Stephens , would be the most injudicious
course which Government could devise .- As it is , there are myriads on myriads of the manufacturing population who will regard that gentleman as a victim to his attachment to their cause , and who will consequently feel the deepest interest in all the proceedings which may be adopted towards him . If , therefore , there be any thing in those proceedings whicn can lead them tosuppo . <^ that Mr . Siephens i ~> treated vindictively , the result may be a breach of the peace It is reported that other arrests , on similar charges , are in contemplation . We adjure the Government to ponder well before th ? y have
recourse to ao perilous a step . If they do persist in the determination to which they are said to hare come , we tremble at the thought of the possible consequences of their procedure in the manufacturing districts . One example in the shape of arrest , will answer all useful purposes . It ' there U to be a wholesale arresting of those who are alleged to have uttered seditious language at the recent Radical demonstrations , the people will regard the circumftance as indicative of a vengeful or Vindictive spirit on the part of Government . —Morning Adver-User . —Mondav .
Additional light is thrown on this gentleman ' s character and acquirements by the memoir concerning him , which we copy from the Observer , and which , though drawn up by a Jriendlj hand , can leave no doubt as to his character , tie Is a religious man . He ha « one of the largest provincial congregations known . He is the founder , too , of his own sect , for he has been excommunicated by the Methodist Conference . He has bten . stationary in the same neighbourhood for several years , and his character is exemplary . The people amongst whom he lives are religious , and Mr . Stephens has obtained over the ind . s * es a religious iuflut-nee . It is not surprising that a man of this description , acting as he has acted , should have excited tbe
dislike , indignation , aud terror of the factory masters , and some of them , it appears , forbade the persons in their employment , to attend Mr . Stephens ' s Chapel , on pain of dismissal , which amounted to a sentence of starvation . Then was displayed that proof of his disinterestedness ,, and of the mutual attachment , b ^ tween him and hi * flock , which is recorded in the memoir , and ' which stamps Mr . Stephens as no ordinary character , and no common agitator . The Metropolitan public have only now , for the first time , been made acquainted with these circumstances , but they must have been long known to the Magistrates of theneighboufhood , and they ought , in arresting him , to have acted with the most cautious discretion . On &uoh a
man , so respectable in character , so benevolent in his object " , fo influential from his combined benevolence , disinterestedness , apd eloquence , the magistrates should not have laid a finger , till they could have clearly , quietly , and legally crushed him . They ought to have carried public opinion completely with them ; and under this aspect never was there a greater failure , or a more bungling , injudicious proceeding , than , the arrest of Mr . Stephens , It was made unduly of importance by employing Bow-street officers . It was tyrannically carried into effect by arresting him in tbe ; str ; eet , and hurrying him away without allowing him to communicate
with his wife and friends . It was magnified into alarm b y immediately calling out the Dragoons . When public attention and expectatior . had bren thus peremptorily invited to it , tbe offence was found to be of a slight and improvable . . Damn * . Qn ihe 13 th of November , Mr . Stepheus * poke at Lei . ii ; on the 27 th of December he wax arrested ; , ou tin-28 th , or forty-five d » ys after tor imputed offence , the evidence of two persons , speaking wholl y from memory , was brought against him , when the evidence of reporters with their notes might have been obtained ; and tho . se two persons contradicted themselves and each other on cross-examiuation . Such a
proceeding implied more malice than discretion on the part of the Justice * . Why did they not arrest him on the 16 th of Nov . ? or why not get evidence against him of a later date ? With singular want of judgment , one of ihe Magistrates who issued the improper warrant cat to try the return , and jumped to the conclusion , shoeing the animus of the prosecution that the evidence was sufficient to commit Mr . Stephens . The eagerness of Mr . Kenworthy was kept in check by tbe only other Magistrate on the bench , and the result was that Stephens vya * remanded , bailed , and preached an eloquent sermon to no doubt to a large congregation yesterday . Scandalous too was the proceedings of the Magistrates ' Clerk
, who took down all the assertions that went to convict Mr . Stephens , and had not inserted a word of the contradictions extorted by cross-examination . Great was the sum the Magistrates demanded for ball , and most unjustly suspicious the doubtsand the delnys the officers of the Court threw in the way of completing it . On the whole , we consider the arrest of Mr . Stephens , which ought not to have taken placeunless on the most just grounds and with the greatest certainty of convicting him of having committed some grievous offeDce , to have been so judiciously managed , and the whole proceedings of the Court to have been so glaringly hasty and erroneous , that it looks like a mo * t unjust
persecution . The factory masters , and their relations and friends who occupy the Bench , are no doubt very much alarmed , very much terrifiea ; and certainly many of the facts brought to light at the examination show that they have goad ground for their alarm—but neither Mr . Stephens , nor any other man , is to be sacrificed to their terrors . Let them look into their own bo « oms—let them look at their own conduct , and see whether they have not better reason for terror , than the language , however eloquent , irritating , and kindling , of Mr . . Stephens . To persecute him now , seems to uh very ill timed . the
On 13 th instant , as we mentioned on Saturday , he wrote a letter , declining to attend a meeting at Newcastle , and declaring that it would be folly in him to attend any more public meetings . Such a declaration should have made the magistrates abstain even had they a sufficient cause to arrest Mr . Stephens , and could carry out their plans in a judicious maDner ; but when « o long a period had elapsed since his offence , when they had no other testimony against him but doubtful memory , to arrest him on such grounds and in such a manner , after ouch a declaration , waa equallypersecuting and injudicious . —Sun . —Monday . - ;
It will be seen by a letter from Manchester , dated : Saturday , which we publish in another column , that the simple foiks in that neighbourhood are beginning toask " Why Mr . Stephens is to be prosecuted when O'Connell ha * been permitted for year * to spout treason and sedition with impunity ? " How very absurd a question ! We shall har . lly be astonished now to hear of dome simpletons in other parts of the country inquiring why Joseph Hume was not prosecuted for his letter to certain Canadian rebels , wnicb Mr . "Spring Rice publicly declared , in the House of Commons , to be treasonable . Of course the * ' honest " Whigs will not proxeeute agitators whose votes support them in place and pay : and although it is qufte true that if Mr . Stephens were to agitate for the next
twenty years , he would find it difficult to spout half the treason and sedition that Mr . O'Connell has already given utterance to ; still , as Mr . Stephsns ' is weak and powerless , he is precisely the sort of person whom the brave Whigs , with Lord Little-John at their head , might be expected to select for a victim . We heartilj congratulate the Whigs upon the institution of this state prosecution for a speech delivered a month ago . It has commenced admirably . " Their agents , with the clumsiness so characteristic of all Whig doings , have made a si gnal blunder at starting ; but these worthies may be assured that their masters in Downing-gtreet will miscarry on some more vital point , and prove themselves to be the real Dogberries after all . — Times of Tuesday . \ ...
The Rev . J . R . Stephens has been liberated on bail , and the examinations are to be resumed on Thursday next . There can , we should supaoae , be but one opinion with respect to the language held by this man at various meetings , if the report be at all faithful ; but though there may be good reason for believing the reporrs to be substantiall y accurate there may be difficulty in obtaining evidence . There is a general belief that the magistrates who have taken up the business , have hitherto shown more goodwill than ability in their manner of proceedii r And this must always be more or less the case where men are not specially charged with the conducting matters of this kind ; England is now a very different country from what it was , when a country gentleman was equal to the duty of preserving the peace in his nei ghbourhood . We could
have wished that greater care had been taken to obtain evidence than seems to have been taken in thii case ; for it would have been better to have not moved at all , than in such a manner as to afford any thing like a triumph to Stephens . We have given in . another column , an addres * from Stephens to the men of Northumberland and Durham , in demonstration assembled , which we'found in The Operative oT Sunday ) a * t . He says , in this ' paper : —• ' What I 1 ooDd written in the law and the gospelI spoke
, out boldly to an awakened , a thinking , and a determine J people . I told them from the law books to arm for their own and their country ' s safety—and from Gad ' s book , if there should be need . I said to them , ' RHmembtr the Lord , who i $ great and terribie , and fight for your brethren ,, your sons and your daughters , your wives andyour "houses . " He is quite n . >; toiri * bed that this language should b » called inflammatory . Morning -Ghrmicle of Tue .-day . "
M - Stephens . ! . ** almost unknown in London . We have iio ii- < : ' 'l . vetion of ever Laving seen a speech of bis reported at full length , and by competent person * , in any London Journal . As Mr . Oastler says in another place , a paragraph has now and then bet-n commented upon in a Manchester paper , expresstri to London ,, inserted in the journals , and Mr . Sie , nien . i at once st-t down as . a-fyul-moHthed incendiary . To the individual this is fnest unfair , and to the public a grievous injury , for it has kept them in complete ignorance , aud completely misled them both a * to the character ? of tire njjin , and the nature 'of the ^ -feelings and agitation of which he 13 the organ . Not one onl y , as we yesterday supposedhut three chapels have been built for him , and bnilt for him almost exclusivel y , by the working classes , aud by subscription which did ' not in
most cases amount to more than one penny per week . each man . Quite different fr « m other preachers , who in general have been desirous to be nominated sole trustees of their chapels , he has insisted oh the subscribers retaining the property in their possession , and by socb acts of disinterestedness , has added to the strong Attachment of the multitude . If the reports of such facts were not in circulation , M / . Stephenn ' s conduct and his languag ' e , now that it is only partially known , are sufficient ' to cr «» vinee the public that a strong and solemn and religious feeling gives great weight and importance to his political agitation . He is an enthusiast , . such as has overturned in times past proud systems and mighty States , aiid . he has fallen on-times when the
exasperated feelings of the bulk of trie working population are but rno favourable for Jiis success . An oratpr of almost unbounded popularity , his language is firm , nervous , and stately . It seems to be very alien from the clap-traps of practised agitators , from the frothy spouting of forum orators and club-men ; and to be well-calculated .. 'to make an abiding impression on the classes to whom it is addressed . His sermon on Sunday , as our Manchester letter states , was attended by 5 , » 00 people , and so great was the pressure , that he was obliged to adjourn from the church to the market , where he spoke for two hours . At a late meeting at Norwich ; to which he
was invited , he so carried away his audience that when he was done they refused to hear any other speaker ; and this man , so -fervent , so serious , and so popular , is only known here , and only known to the greater , fart of the empire with , our all-pervading Press , as a mere Poor-law incendiary . Hia arrest will make , him better known , and already the C / tronicle which has been one" of his most forward assailants ,, begins to doubt whether his speeches have been accurately reported , and justice done to a man who is moving the clustered millions of bur manufacturing , districts by his words . The public has good reason on other grounds to be alarmed at the arrest of Mr . Stephens , on such a
charge . The Tory papers give fonie of the articles of the VVhig and Radical journals against the Cornlaws , and speak of them as the W hig journals speak of Mr . Stephens .. Certainly ' there is as much reason for the landlords pretending that the public peace will be broken , and their lives endangered , by what is Kaid in the press againat their monopoly , and mar he sail } at public meetings , as for the lactnry owners it Lf-ijih and other places , pretendingthat their Iive 3 are endangered . by Mr . Stephens ' s remark . If he maybj . a , rrest"d by a warrant from a justice , we know nut w , by Mr . Ciibden , or Mr . Paulton , of Mr . Greg mj < tit uot l > v m \ .-siL-d by a warrant from some Squire , for e . xcHij , ; j tu people of Manchester and , the empire ¦ again « t tlie Coi-u-V . iws . On principle , therefore , we demur to illi . pn ^ riory of arresting this ' gentleman for hib speeches , because some persons are terrified by the truth * ha may Tuil . — Hun of Tuesday .
( UN ADA . By th « Hibernia packet-shi p , arrived at Liverpool from New York , accounts hare been received from Montreal . Little progress had been made in the trial of the prisoners ; and the dispute between bir John Ctflborne and the judges , who declared the suspension of the Habeas Corpus illegal , had not been adjusted . Both pronDees were tranquil :
notwithstanding reports of preparations for fresh attacks from the American frontier . The Russian Consul at Boston made a journey to Montreal , to remove his family from that city , where they had been residing ; he was arrested on the . Attorneytrenerals warrant , as a suspected spy ; and his baggage was seized ; but nothing having been discovered to justify his arrest , Sir John * Colborne promised that the Attorney-General should offer the Consul an apology .
AMERICA . y In the American newspapers received ' by the MiOerniu , we find accounts of a riot at Harrwbure the capital of Pennsylvania . There is no precise intelligence as to the origin or motive for the disturbance ; but we gather from the contradictory statements published , the following facts . Tbe Van Buren party in Pennsylvania are much enraged by the success of the « Whigs , " or opposition , in the recent state elections . They allege that in the county of Philadel phia undue returns wtre made , and thereby a majority secured to the Whigs , which enabled the latter to chooss a Speaker of their own party , and which would also throw the election of benators to the United Skates Congress into their hands . To stop their proceedings , the Van Buren
men resolved to prevent the Speaker from taking thecliair . The Speaker appointed a deputy ; but he was dragged out of the House by a mob of members , who , with their friends out of doors , took possession of both the legislative halls or chambers ; they also seized the little arsenal at Harrisburg . The Governor had summoned the milftia from Philadelphia to restore order and the authority of the laws ; at which point matters stood when the last ai-counts left Harrisburg . In his proclamation the Governor charged an officer of the General Government with instigating the rioters . The disturbances
f ^ eem to have begun about the 5 th instant ; ' but it is impossible to ascertain the exact date from the papers before us . The Whigs allege that the real object of the rioters is to prevent the exposure of '' enormous frauds perpetrated in the county of Philadelphia . " Harrisburg i 8 a small place , near the centre of the state ; in Philadel phia it would not ha » e been possible for the rioters to succeed in their attack on the majority of the Legislature . Probably the whole affair is much exaggerated _ The proeeedingsin Congress were only preJiminary . The Van Buren candidate for the Clerkxhip of the ffn « ! ? nTTnUtiveS * a 9 elected bv a ' -majoritr of 106 to 104 ; but many members were absent .
Fatal Error . —An inquest was held on Friday week , in Rotherhithe , on the body of a little girl , who , in looking for some play thing , had fallen into a < Jitch in which there was a considerable quantity of water . She was rescued by a passenger to all appearance in sufficient time to have saved . herxlife , but , acting on a popular but very mistakes notion , fie had held the unfortunate child up by the heels with a view to let the water run out of her mouth , A . verdict of " Accidental Death" was returned . Some conversation took place relative to a more extended dissemination of the rules recommended by the Humane Society to be observed for the recovery of persons apparently drowned . . . The society strongly censure the adoption of the plan above referred to . :
Supposed Murder of a Gamekjebper by Po&chkrs . —It is a fact that poachers were beard firing on the ground belonging to Sir Robert Sheffield , the night after the murder of the game-Keeper , and have been , heard at various times since . It is generall y believed that there were several in the wood at the time of the murder , a 3 other , reports were heard after that dreadful crime had been committed , ¦ ¦ ' ¦ .-.
&Ovei$N Ana ©Omcgttc $Tttfhi %Enee*
&ovei $ n ana © omcgttc $ tttfHi % enee *
According to the latest intelli gence received from Persia through Constantinople , the Shah was resolved to satisfy Mr . M'Neil of his fidelity to tbe British , and had dismissed Hussein Khan , the agent of Russia , from all his employments . Sydney papers of the 18 th- of August . mention , that bir ^ George Gipps , the Governor of New South Wales , had xrated the sum required for the expenditure of the colony for the current year at £ 321 , 911 ¦ i ~ " ~~~ T— -- " ¦ ¦ - ¦ - ¦ "
« ^_ Sfibit Op The P&Ess.
« ^_ SFIBIT OP THE P&ESS .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 5, 1839, page 3, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1039/page/3/