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WATKINS' 3 LEGACY TO THE CHARTISTS . LECTURE IL * ' Do unto others as you -would be done by . " St . Luke , chap , vi . Of course ! that is fair , and the English are said to lore fair play . This rule -would make each man his own standardthe measure of justice to himself . For -what is it that ¦ we would have done to ourselves ? Is is not when iraiigry to be fed— -when naked to be clothed—when sick or in prison to be "visited—when strangers to be taken in ? —in a word , would we not wish our wants to be re lieved and our woes comforted ? Yes , nature itself , in all these cases , cries out for succour and for sjmpathy . Then , since this is what we would have done to ourselves , " our very nature teaches us to do it to others , and justice says that unless we do it to others we do not deserve to have it done to ourselve * .
Now , by doing unto others as « e would they should do unto us , what is that we do but teach them what ¦ we would have done ? " One good turn deserves another ; " and we may add , that it often begets another . The likeliest method of bringing others to do unto us as we would they shonld do , is for us to do so to them , for gratitude , or at least pride , would not suffer them to be behindhand with us , or beholden " to us . But , on t&e contrary , when we do unto others not as we wculd be dene by , we teach them , we . xirovoie them , we in a manner force them to do unto us not as
we would be done by . In the former instance we raise man ' s better nature to be our frieEd ; in the latter we rouse his evil nature to be our enemy . We , as it were , give the injured party a right to wrong us . And what have we to trust to but his forgiveness , his forbearance , or his powerkssnts ? ? Aye , it is to the powerless , ± o those whom we fear not , from whom we thick we are in no danger of recrimination , retaliation , cr retribution , trial we commonly do eviL But none are so powerless as not to have it in their power to be a friend or an entrnv .
When we do unto others not as we would be done by , we do bnt teach ' Woody instructions which being t&ugbt return to plsgue the inventor" We act like Ph % laris who invented an engine of torture in the shape of a bull , and was the first man on whom its efScacy was proved—the first victim who suffered 1-y it ' Curses , " it is said , ' come home to roost" The maxim hoWs good feoth ways—if we would have good done to us , we Eha . il do it to others , and if we would not have evil done , we shall not do it . ThfTe are good men certainl y who will not revenge an injury except by forgiveness , which is the noblest rever-ge . Yet iurtly these are the last men to whom an injury should fee done , and he who does an injury because he calculates upon forgiveness , is surely the Very viitst cf cfituders , the most mean . I have
atteapied to shew that we are not to caJcalste uj ; on the present powerlessEess cf the party to ¦ whom we do an injury , ntr upon his forgiving disposition 5 for an unprovoked irjury is the most likely to provoke one . although a good or a wise ma will not suffer himself % o be provoked , and it should be on care not to give an evil man that excuse . Shylock , whom Shakspere makes the Tery impersoaatkn of malice , is . nevertheless . not lefr without an excuse for his vjndicti ? eness , and , a reasonable excuse too . The character would else have been unnatural and un-Sbaksperian . Shylock would have been a better man had he been better used ; but te was a p « or persecuted Jew , and in his hour of fanci e d retribution he says to his rnahreators , *• The villany you teach me , I will execute , and it shall go hard but I will better the instructions . "
If those are the best of men who return good for evil , those are the worst who return evil for good ; but I need notdweil ujon characters of this description-: it is enonth to sum up their sins in one condemning Word —they are tmcrraUJuL What is it that causes us not to do unto ethers as we would be done by ? Many seem to think that by doing good to another , unless he be in a capacity to return , or to requite it , they would but part with their own good , and part with it to an enemy , or to one who eould not be a friend—that , in fact , they would do evil to themselves . How is this ? Is man the natural enemy of man ? Not so ; but th « re is an artificial system of society at work that is fast making man the
enemy of man , and the present system cf Government patronises , if it has net produced , this unnatural state of things . Men do not do unto others as they would be ^ one by ; they w ill not do it ; they do the reverse / and ¦ what is the consequence ? You see it , you feel it , you hear it every day and every hour of the day . W& experience it continnally : it has made us what we are , wretches of want , and woe , and wickedness , . victims and victimissrs . i here is not one of us but it may be said of him as of Ishmael—•• His hand is against every man , and eyery man ' s hand against him . " But see , how unequal are the odds—millions against- one ! What wonder that we suffer so much—what wonder that we are crushed beneath the we gfet of this bestile world—that we writhe like worms under it !
There are doubtless many who wish to do unto others as thry would be dore by , who « i ? h it for the sake of others or for the sake of increasing the little good th 3 t is in this evil world ; but what avails it if the good wishes of a few are frustrated by the evil wishes of the many ? They have to Etrive against a stream of corruption , which either sweeps them away or overwhelms them- But could they Eucceed in turning the stream , in Hiaking it purify itself and flow more smoothly ,-Trhst ease and happiness it might spread over the rcfi _ -d waters of this world j The socialists are endea-Yonring to « io this . They wish to act on the principle
of doing unto others as they would be done by , and by acting on it themselves they pursue the likeliest " means of inducing others to act on it , for esimpie makes more concerts tban precept . May tlitir little community go on increasing like the cloud that at first appeared just abive the horzon , and was the size only of a man ' s hand , but rose and spread until it formed a canopy equal with the heavens . Chartism is the precursor of Socialism , as St . John was cf Jesu 3 Christ . Chartism is preparing the way for Socialism—it is the dawn of a better dsj—the harbinger of a newer , a , more moral , and consequently a happier world .
Do unto others as you would be done by . What can be plainer ? What can be more equitable ? What can be more conducive to our welfare ? 1 et us see what we should gain if all acted upon tnis principle : why each would do good to himself , each would have the other for his friend , his assistant , bis servant . We should mntnally and reciprocally benefit each other . No" roan could have anything to do for himself that anr ther could do for him . All that he could not do for or by himself would be done for him , by and with others . One man would have all men for his helperbis associates . We should be twice blessed—blessed in receiving but more blessed in giving , for it iB more blessed to give than to receive . Good would be dealt from hand to hand in a never-ceasing rcui : d of joy . We
should be like the fairies that can have all they wish for with a wish . How delightful it would be to live among those who lived for each other—who lived in love—a party of pleasure , each strivirg to make the other more bappy than himself , and each enjoying the happiness cf alL Why it would make this Pandemonium become a Paradise ; yes . this golde-n rale would restore the zolden age ; the earth and all things in it wouM again beconse as good as when Go-1 first made and fclessed it But what do I talk of > a mere Utopia—an ideal world that cannot be realized ? Cannot : It mteht , an
much comfort we should have where now we have care ; fcow much joy where now we have sorrow ; bow much happiness instead of misery ; how much e j'jymect of this life , and -what an increased hope of joy in the life to come . There would be no poverty with crime—do want with woe—no sin with Buffering—toil would be turned inta pleasure and we shonld all go in concert like a party of haymakers working or rather playing in the Eun . Blessed world ! in which the only rivalry , the only competition would be who could best please —cocld most serve the other . Talk of self-love . '"this ¦ Wo uld be true self-love . Well , we have now seen what would be done —what would be if we did unto others as we would be done by . We have seen what we shonld
gain by the exchange ; but alas ! so far from doing ; usio others as we would be done by , instead of 3 oing goo-, we often do evil , even to those who have done us good . Jfsy , we stir up others to do tbezj evil , and lend our assistance to do evil more frequently than to do good . When any of those inevitable accidents or evils that are the lot of life befalls a poer brother , do we sympathise with him , do we succour him , do we share the burthen ? Do we not rather exult , and add ; to it ? Are not some of us bo spiteful that we glory in I vs-x-Dg and disappointing others ?—so malicious , that ., so far from doing good ourselves , we would prevent o ' . htrs from doing it , and would destroy good itself . rather than that it should be done ?—so bass , that we ; abuse , calumniate , and circumvent each other , as i
though we deemed another ' s welfare incompatible with •' our own ? Do not some lie in wait , and exert all their . powers for the injury of others , as though life was given them for that eole purpose ? and thus they con .- j ticue to the end , when they find how vain , how worse than vain , how wicked their lives have been , that but j for themselves and each other might have been e « od I and happy . Better the day of death the than day ofbirth , if we are born to live thus—better still that we J bad never been . j Bat this not our nature , for if so , God , who made ' as , were to blame—before it cornea to this pass , our j nature has been lost , it is changed , it iB perverted , j
The milk of human kindness is soured in us all—we j are surrounded by evil circumstances—we hear whatj is evil , we see it , we irfiict and bear it—what wonder j tint we should become evil—that our nature should fco subdued to that it works in ! No , God is not to blame , nor are we to blame—it is the system , the accursed system , that is in fault j Those who icculd do unto others as they would be done by , are prevented by those who covJd but will not j For the gr * at are not good , nor do they love the good— j their pride takes a pleasure in evil , and if prevented j from pleasing their pride they would have no pleasure ia life itself- They are then only in their tlement
when they live ' In -vrrttched interchange of wrcrg for wrorg , S : iiTjEf " midst a conxctlous werld wLere none nre Eirocg . " i
Such men would be centent to bear evil rather than forego the vindictive gratification of inflicting it Yet they are fools ; for we are so constituted , our nature ia such , that we cannot injure others without at the same time injuring ourselves . If the party we injure be not in a" situation to make us feel what wo have made him feel , yet our consciences make ng feel it , and our conscience makes us feel it all the more if the party have the power to punish bnt forgives . Cor science will balance accounts with ns ; vengeance will be repaid , if not by man yet by God himself ta whom alone it belongs .
Man is not naturally man ' s enemy ; he is too much his own friend for that ; but the present competitive system is turning friends to foes , and relatives into opponents . It operates thus by degrees , firstmakinje ns selfish , then sordid , then savage . Selfish , because we sre taught to believe that God has not provided enough for all ; sordid , because selfishness itself degenerates into sordidness , when it has accumulated more than its due share , and broods over it ; and savage , because we then fear that those who in consequence of our overplus have too little , will make us relinquish our prey—will , force ns to disgorge onr spoil . Hence laws ar *» made to fence the avaricious , and to keep the needy at bay—hence arose the rights of property , founded on the wrongs of man—artificial rights , to which man's natnral rights have been sacrificed . Men are first robbed , then killed—that is , when destitution seeks restitution . Would this be the case if all did to each , as each wonld be done by ?—would it be
the case if he who has enough of this world ' s goods and to spare , and knows that his lacking brother ia perishing with hunger , not only knows it , but sees itnot only knows it , and sees it , but is the cause of itwould this be the case , I say , if he who has more than enough , were to strip himself of the undue advantages which the world , and tbe world ' s law , have given him , and place himself npon an equal footing with him who never found the world his friend , and has always felt the world ' s law to be his enemj ? —would he think he wes done to as he would be done by , if , when he asked for bread , he was given a stone—for fish , a serpent . '—would he wish his cries of hunger to be unheard , unheeded—Ms sufferings neglected , mocked?—hjs appeals refused , rebuffed—imprisoned for being poor—punished for making known his wanta—starved , and his death rejoiced at , by the proud oppressor that firss robbed him by law , and then murdered him under tfee mask of justice ?
But , alas . ' tia a common observation , and the time gives it proof , that those to whom fortune has betn the most favourable , whem providence ha < been most bountiful to , are the most niggardly—he who has the most means to do good , generally does the least—the further we are removed from suffering , the less sympathy we feel for it—the higher we are placed above it , the more we scorn it—the greater our ability to do goud , the less our inclination , and thus it is that the poor have to keep the poor . , ( Tobe continued tji our next )
" Trusting too much to oiher « " care is the ruin of many . " " . There is much to be done : Btick to it Bteadily . " Frankli . n . " Screw your courage to the sticking piace , And We ii nut fail . " Shakspebe .
BRETHREN , —Although happy to state we are still funhtrr reduced in number , we are yet in the battie-Sefa of moral warfare , contending with ail tbe means at cur disposal , a « 4 all tbe tact ilat occurs to our minds , against the '' golden power" (• f our own creati- / ni the combined and extensive influence of tbe conimon enemies of our order , and , as is onr dnty , we rnos ^ gratefully acknowledge , that since the issuing of our last address , or rathtr appeal our meaiis , tl < r « ugh the prompt manner in which you have responded to it , have been materially improved . We , however , f .-el
bound to state , that even yet we are about £ 130 in debt to our turnouts ; and as th » -y have not txmoited the slie'btfcit disposition of truitorisiu or division—circumstances but too freouent when strikes are much protracted , evtn when the specified allowance is frilly arid regularly paiii—and senati'lr . t > o thas they submitted to much inoonvrnit-nce anil uv ^ n privation for the want of their respective portions , we seriuualy solitit , at yvur earliest convenience , means to pay them .
" Mastere , " says Doctor Adam Smith , " are always and everywhere in a sort of tacit but conttintand uniform" combination not to raise the wages of labour . To violate this combination is everywhere a most unpopular action , and a sort of reproach to a master among hia neighbours and equals . " This , although brief , we believe a true and clear exposition of the disposition of employers and capitalists generally towards workmen . Upon tbe same premises , taking the opposite position , let us follow their example . Let us on the present tryiug occasion manifrst the aame degree and uniformity of combination . Let each of those that may be found amongst us , of whatever trade or profession , who has not contributed his share in proportion to his means in support of this important and material struggle , " reproach" himself with a , serious dereliction of duty , and expiat * it oy at onoe sending in his subscription in aid of t ^ ie payment of this pressing and peculiar debt , and it will soon be discharged .
; ! ; ! \ i Th ' e number of turnouts at present on our funds from i the Houses of Parliament and the Nelson Monumeut ! together , are reduced to about thirty . j At Woolwich , as stated by their secretiry , only ! fifteen blacks are at work , ami those are engaged either i trimming fixed work , or rerfneh . g dressed s : ufft' » prs' vent an entire stoppaga . At present they cave no : a ' single rongh s : 0 De , the property of Grissell ami Peto , upon the premises ; the cumber of cur mem hers thac turned out were nearly a hundred ; only twenty-five
re . At Plysacuth the turnouts are redne ^ d to sis . At Dirtm-or , -where , be it understood , an as-ent ia ke ^ t ty both partis * , ( tbat is , by ourselves an-J Gr : s-: e !
and Peto , ) it appears by a letter from onr delegate , April 23 rd , 1842 , thatGriBsell and Pete have written to Hunter , their agent , informing him that no men were employed on new work at Woolwich , and thit very little was doing at the Monument ; circumstances which they would not have occur for five hundred pounds . This Hunter has made another attempt to induce some of those on strike to prooeed to Wsolwich , but in which he has agiin most signally failed . The nnmbtr now on the funds , sixteen . At Penryn , where we also keep an agent , it appears that their prospects are materially improved . They are in debt to their turnouts , which now number Beven .
By the above report it will be perceived , that out of above four hundred individuals that have been engaged in our strike , only eighty-four remain ; and be it borne in mind , that of this large number only SIX cases of tiaitorism have occurred , notwithstanding the strike having been protracted over the extremely long period of thirty-two weeks . As an evidence that it ia materially important to the trades generally , and more immediately to the trades of London , that the pending struggle of the Masons should be prosecuted to an honourable termination , we notice the following circumstance , which has transpired at Mr . Jackson ' s ( builder ) yard , Pimlico .
During last week , Mr Jackson ' s agent set Bome ten or twelve of our members to work at tee above named p ' ace , the whole of them , or nearly ao , having been on our strike ; these men , especially that , portion of them having families , were consequently reiiuced to a state of poverty , which circumstance ) an attempt was made on Saturday last to take an advantage of . Th « y were paid aftsr the rate cf twenty-eight shillings inBtead of thirty shillings per week , the latt ' . r suin bting the usual rate for masons in London . But netwithbtanding the poverty of these m < n—the privations they and their families had for a long period previous been subject to— - they were unanimous is their determination to resist it .
On Alonday morning , howe . ver , to prevent any misunderstanding , and not knowing but it might have been a mistake of the pay-clerk , they proceeded at the u * ual time to the yard , and woiked until breakfast time , when the proper parties appearing , enquiries were immediately made , when it was ascertained not to be a mistake , and every man of them " lifted his tools , " and left the works , rather than submit themselves instruments in the hands of avarice , to reduce the already too limited means of subsistence doled out to themselves and fellawg . Respecting this proceeding , we shall venture with more than ordinary seriousness to put the following questions , especially to those connected with the building trades : —
Hart not Mr . Jackson a knowledge of the lon # -endured poverty of these men ? Was he not aware of the precariousness of the resources upon which , in the event i . f refusing his iei-vis . they had to fall back ? Were they not choEfn as the otjeeta of attack from these two circamstaHcts ? And if he had been successful , was it likely he would hav 8 s-topt there ? No , brothers and fellow-workmen ; the object is palpible . If ne had met with passive quiescence on the part of the masons , then throughout the entire ramifications of his extensive works , would the same spirit of avarice and despotism have been extended . Bricklayer , carpenter , plasterer , plumber . painter—inshort , every species of labour—would have been attacked ; and , as this has placed an extra burden on us , we hope that we shall receive a little extra means to enable us to bear it .
Stjnsiole that we have contracted a very serious amount of debt during our protracted struggle , and that the ordinary means of our paying it , viz ., a general extra tax upon our members , is at present , by the general depression of trade , more than usually limited , and knowing , too , that the shopocracy , as a body , by their political servility , tergiversation , and apostacy , have contributed much to trie depressed and degraded position in which the working classes are now found , and that many of them have , during our pending struggle , openly espoused the cause of Allen , we have , with a view to liquidate the debt by the profit arising from articles of food consumed by ourselves , and which hitherto has found its way into their tills , appointed a committee of eleven members to consider and report the practicability of establishing a co-operative provision Biore .
It is also in contemplation to prepare and print , in a small volume , a brief hi :-tory of our strike , to be sold at about one shilling each , the profits of which to be applied to the payment of the debt . Tiiis however will depend upon the number likely to be disposed of , and we would feel ebliged if at the first meeting of each trade society , &c , throughout the country , the sense of the meeting be taken upon the subject , and the number likely to be required communicated to our secretary . In conclusion we beg to state that every practicable means at our disposal shall be taken faithfully to discharge all the liabilities we have contracted ; and , in once more returning thanks for th-j support we have and yet continue to receive , in the event of our opening a provision store , we beg thus early to solicit your co-operation and aid . We beg to subscribe ourselves ,
Gratefully yours , The Masons cm Strike , Thomas Shortt , Sec 6 , Agnes Street , Waterloo-road , Lambeth , April 29 th , 1842 . P . S . Upon the subject of publishing a brief history of the strike , the Mason ' s committee most respectfully solicit all those that feel disposed to subscribe for a copy , or copies , to forward their orders , in writing , to the Masons' Corresponding Secretary , Craven Head , Drury Lane , London . However useful Buch a publication may be considered , as we cannot afford to run the risk of a loss , it cannot be proceeded with unless a sufficient number of subscriber be obtained to guarantee us agamst the chance of losing ; we , therefore , hope our friends throughout the country will not forget us on this occasion , and that they will be prompt in sending their orders .
If a sufficient number of subscribers is obtained , we will endeavour to make arrangements with Mr . Cleave . 1 , Shoe-lane , London , forthoir transmission to the couLtry .
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THE GR A ND NATIONAL DEMONSTRATION . : On Monday moming thousands of hearts , In this large Metropolis , were beating with hope and anxiety regarding the result of the novel , and by many affirmed to be . . dangerous experiment of the sons of labour , marching to the House which ought to represent them , and demanding that the rights of labour should be . respected , and that a nation ' s wrongs should be redressed . ' . ' . '; : r ¦ ¦ ... ¦'¦ - . ;¦ . ¦ ; ::. '¦ .. ;_ . ' ¦ : ¦( ,: / ¦ : ¦ .. The times , and other Tory papers , were not wanting in their cautions to the people that It was illegal for them to go to their own bouse to present their own petition , and impressing npon them tbe heavy nature » t tbe penalties they would incur ; but , unfortunately , as but few of the class interested indulged themselves m reading the lucubrations of these sapient journalists , their labour of love , and their well meant advice , was entirely disregarded .
« . j ? I «* - « la * B of men , professing to have imbibed the Chartist principles , were riot wanting in their denunciations of such wanton and useless expenditare of money ; it was time , they affirmed , that all such gewgaws as music and banners , for such a purpose , should be thrown aside , and that men should become the intelligent ,, the high-minded belnga , which tbey supposed themselves to be . These men being a century in advance of their fellow men , their voice was lost In the far diBtance from whence it had to echo , and only some slight reverberations of it ever reached the ears of the
thoughtless multitude , who seemed determined that day to flight their enemies with their own weapons of " tinselled glitter and idle pomp , " and the result will prove that they acted wisely and well ; that they ineculated thousands with the spirit of Chartism to whom it had previously been a dea < i litter ; and demonstrated to their late Whig undertakers that they were neither dead nor slumbering—that the spirit which animated ' - their breasts was too subtle ever to be confined by a Whig Attorney-General , too elastic to be bound by any doctrine of Whig finality .
On Monday morning all promised well— -the sun shone gaily—and thousands were seen assembling together in their local divisions , previous to commencing their march to the central appointments . By nine o ' clock vast masses had collected in Finarjufy-Equwe , Waterloo-rondi Bethnal-green , Church and Circusstreets , Marylebone , &c . Colours were flying , bands playing , and marshalmen on horseback were hurrying to and fro , collecting and conveying intelligence . In the mean time , the members of the Convention were not idle : from an early hour they were assiduously engaged in adding signatures to the huge document , and in preparing for the procession .
By eleven o ' clock , the immense area of Lincoln ' s-innflelds was occupied more densely than ever it had previously been in ; the memory of its oldest inhabitant ; and much curiosity was evinced as te the cause of such an imposing spectacle , which was shortly gratified by the arrival of the great National Petition itself . About twelve o ' clock , it was with considerable labour placed in a frame made for that purpose , attached to which were two wooden bearers or poles , thirty feet long ; onj the front of the frame was painted in large figures 3 , 317 , 702 , this being the number of signatures the petition contained ; and under this was written in large characters , ' ^ the Charter ; " the back of the frame had inscribed on , it the word "Liberty . " and also the number of signatures ; the sides were ornamented with
the Sis Points of the Charter . The weight of the petition was imranse ; its length was ascertained t <> be six miles and fifty yards ; the bearers , consisting of men from the various trades of the metropolis , having arrived , the giant was lifted on high , and the bearers commenced slowly wending their way towards Lincoln ' s Inn-fields , preceded by Dr . M'Douall anil Mr . Ruffy Ridley on horseback , as marshals , and numerous flags and banners , followed by the members of the Convention , three abreast , beaded by Feargus O'Connor , Esq ., Mr . Moir . and Mr . M-Phersoiv ; following the Convention were numerous delegates from Manchester , Cheltenham , Reading , Brighton , Nottin » ham . Northamr » ton , and many other places . The arrival of the petition and Convention at Lincoln ' s Inn Fields was greeted with
triumphant cheering , and after making the circuit of the place , this monster petition was deposited on mother earth much to the ease of the bearers , who , though thirty in number , wete compelled to be relieved several ( times during this shoit distance . Among the bearers were several « f the masons who bad the honour of carrying the last petition ; also , a Scotchman in the national garb of his country . Owing to the immense assemblage in this plaee , it was a work of some time to arrangethe procession in marching order ; but the arrangemen ta bad been welt conducted ; the marshatmen . twentyfour of whom were on horseback were well acquainted with the duties , and about half-past one o ' clock they commenced moving towards the . place of their destination amid the most deafening shouts of applause .
The route taken by the procesaion to the House of Commons , was down Queen-street , Holberni Museunastreet , Russell-street , Tottenham Court Road , Oxfordstreet , Regent-street , Waterloo Place ; Piill Mall , Cha ring Cross , and ParliamentrStreet ; all of which were crowded with spectators , windows , house-tops , and every portion of the tuildings being put in requisition . Waggons , carts , i < r . were stationed in places along the line for their accommodation , and much profit derived by their proprietors . In many places the procession was greeted with immense cheering from the assembled multitude , and with waving of handkerchiefs , &c from the windows arid house-tops . Omnibuses sad cabs sported the tricolour ; and all seemed to be aware of the respect due to such a demonstration of the party of the people . The balconies of the various club houses in P < ill Mall
and its neighbourheod were crowded with Members of Parliament and other persons of distinction ; and on passing these plac-. s the cheering was truly deafening , and reverberated along the whole line , which extended upwards of a Imilo and a half in length , and was allowed by all parties to be Iarg 6 r and more splendid than the procession of the Trades ' Unionists for the release of the Dorchester labourers . Of the numbers present , it would be impossible to form any calculation , suffice it to say that the Tinies , Tory paper , gives us 50 , 000 , and we may fairly c-lculate upon ten aimes the numbers , an opponent gives ub ; indeed towards Pall Mall and Parliament-street , the whole was one dense mass of human beings . The
procession reached to the House of Commons , previous to a portion ef it leaving Oxford-street . At the House of Commons , the pressure was so tremendous , that it was scarcely possible for the marshals to clear a road for tue petition to be conveyed to the House . The policemen were busy with their staves ; but taking their conduct as a whoie during the day they acted well , no party attempting to offer the least obstruction . When the petition reached the lobby of the House , they found that tho bulk of the petition was so great that the frame was compelled to be broke , and the petition pirtially unrolled ere it could be admitted . In the ooursa of this operation , a few of the windows were broken ; but eventually , the prayer of the nation was laid before the bar of the House .
Mr . F . O'Connor and other members actively assisted in the i duty of forcing the petition into the House , and were loudly cheered by those around the doors of : the House . This was taken up by the line of procession , and the whole line speedily became one vast echo of triumphant cheering . To avoid confusion , the great oulk of the procession after a few monv ins pause , passed over Westminster Bridge , and continued their route up York Road , where ten minutes-rest was allowed for the banner men apd others to obtain refreshment , and though the heat was intense and the dust very incenvenient , yet to the honour of tbe men of London be it said , that not a single instance of
drunkenness occurred dunnp the whole route . If it had been a procession of teetotallers tb « y could not have acted in a more sober or orderly manner ; indeed their conduct on this day win show that the foul charge of ignorance , violence , &c , so often brought against them is a base and a > id calumnious falsehood . From York Boat ! the procession proceeded up Stamford-street ; across Blackfriir ' s-bridge . where though the numbers were considerably lessened still the appearanc-j was very imposing , tho banners and fligs being brought into closer contact . The line of route was then up Farringtlon-street , Holbora-hill , 'Holborn , Smithfleld , John-street Koad , Pentonville , to White Conduit House . .
The following was the order of procession from Imcoln ' B-inn- fields : — Ten Marahalmen on horseback , wearing Executive scarfs . Brass band . ! 3 pk-ndid banner—Motto— " The sulioringa of the paople shall be 1 redresstd . " ¦' Counoilmen cf the Western Division , four abreast , wearing Executive scarfs , oad carryiag red wauds . Delegates from Yarmouth , bearing splendid banner- — On one side , " Yarmouth Universal Suffrage Association . " Reverse— " May every lover of his country unite until wo obtain our righte . " The following were a few ef the other flags , with their mottoa-. — ¦
Universal Suffrage , and no stiTrender . , Universal Suffrage , Vote by Ballot , bo . Cap of liberty ; " We have set our lives upon a cast ; we will abide the hazxrd of a die . " The Six Points of the Charter . Cap of liberty , and bundle of rods . " We demand our rights " Universal Suffrage . " We demand our rights . " Brass bind . " He that oppresses the peer shall perish from tbe land . " " The abolition of close corportions . " Two splendid Union Jacks . Splendid Wtlsh tri-colcarea
flag" We are determined to have the Charter . " Excellent painting , representing the card of the Association . Portrait cf Henry Hunt . " United we stand , divided ve fill . " •« Thou shalt neither vis the stranger , nor the poor Large black banner , showing the enormous expenditure of money on the Bishops , Ac . B'jtiy of carpenter /? .
• - . . . " ¦ :.. , ¦ . Flag— ¦ , , \ , . ... Motto— "United Carpenters'Association ;" And various other trade devices . .- ¦' ' ¦ ¦• . " ¦ ¦ ' . ; ' : ..: Band ..,. '¦ ' . ¦ - ' . . ¦ " . . ' Stonemasons'Scotch banner . Large tri-coloured flag . Body of Stonemasons , with varioiw trade emblems . Flag . <• Dr . M'Douull . the tyrants dread and the friend of the poor . " Large black flag with the following inscription : " Question , What man is that when yoa ask him for bread will give you a stone ?' Answer , The parBon o * the Church of England . '" . .-. '¦ ' ¦/• '¦' . Band . ' . " ' 1 ' . .. " '• ¦ . Large tricoloured Flag . Motto , " Finsbury locality . " A large banner with portraits of the Welsh victims . " Dr . M'Dooall , the friend of the factorychildren . "
" Umtad we stand , divided we fa ))" " Out birthrights—we are determined to have them . " Lictors with cap of liberty . " Truth and Justice will prevail " Finsbury banner , tricolour . Followed by marshals on horseback . Band .
THE GRAND PETITION , Supported by tbe extra bearers on each sldff . Band of Grenadier Guards . The members of the Con vention three abreast . Country Delegates three abreast Bund . / Green flag . Motto—National Charter Association Reading . Beautiful banner representing the Manchester massacre , and on the reverse" Murder demands justice . " On passing the United Service Club House , this banner Was displayed to the members of the club at tho balcony , and some , trifling excitement was manifested . This banner attracted universal attention , and many hundreds were heard to express their sentiments of abhorrence and resentment at thai brutal transaction . Large tricoloured flog , — " The People ' s Charter , equal rights and equal laws . "
" Freedom of the Press , " Green Flag-Reverse— " Cheltenham Association *" " Dr . M'Douall . th « tyrant's Foe . " "Universal Suffrage . " " Our Rights , we ar « determined to have them . " " Universal Suffrage and no Surrender . " " Feargus O Connor , the People's Friend . " " Love mercy and truth , and defend the rights of the Poor . " ' Calverton National Charter Association . ' * " Feargvs O'Connor , the Tyrant ' s Foe , " Reverse—" They have set up kings but not by me .
God is our king him will we obey " " Silk Weavers , Tower Hamlets , " " Justice before Charity . " . " The Charter and no Surrender . " Triceloured Flag . Salford Association—Brick Lane Association . " Universal Suffrage " Salaries of the Bishops in full detail . Salford larj ? e tricolour . Large "White banner , preceding the bagpipesplayers in full national costume . Ladies' Shoemakers . Tri coloured Fiag . " Six Points of the Carter . " " Freedom of the Press . " " Charter . " Cap of Liberty . ** We know our Rights and will have them . " Henry Hunt cheering from the clouds Feargus
O'Connor . " Charterand no Surrender . " Large banner , Portraits of Frost , Wiiliams . and Jones . And some hundreds of other fh « s of which it is impossible to give any account , In fact such a numerous and imposing quantity of banners ( thanks to our country friends ) was never before seen in the Metropolis .
BRADFORD . —MASONS' ARMS CLUB HOUSES . — ' The members < f this Associatinn have unanimously adopted a resolution to abVie by Feargue O'Connor , the six points , and the name of the Charter . MANCHESTER . —DelegaI e MEETlNa—the South Lancashire D e legate meeting was bz \ A ia the Browa-stretst Association Room , on Sunday ; Mr . Guthrie in the chair . The delagates present were—Messrs . . James Hoyle . Salford ; Henry GiiSraore , Bolton ; John Leach , Rochdale ; William Griflin , Mobiey ; David Whittafcer , Newton Heath ; Henry Warden , Fttilsworth ; Henrjr Waters , MUea Platting ; John Key , Holliriwood ; Charles . Bowman , Droylsden and Opeiianaw ; William Gutlme , Eccles ; James Cirtledge , Warrington ; William StepUengon , Stalybrirtge ; Thomas Lawless , Oldham ; Robert Beaumont , Waterhead . Mills ; DiVid Jordan , Hulrne ; John Nuiile , Manchester . Tbe Secretary read the miuutes of the last meeting , which were confirmed . After receiving
notices of motions , the meeting adjourned until halfpast ; ene o ' clock , when Sir . Cartletigc gav : an account Ojf his mission tq the North Lancashire delegate uieetiug . Mr . Griffin moved ; and Air . Bowman seconded , " That , having heard the report of Mr . Cartledge , respecting his mission to the North Lancashire delegate meeting , the delegates are perfectly satisfied "with the feeling manifested on tbe subject of unity and good understanding between the Cnartists of South and North Lancashire . " ^ -Ca . rried , Moved by Mr . Griffin , and seconded by Mr . Davis , " That ten shillings , the amount of Mr . ; Carttedge ' s expences , be paid . " Moved by Mr . Cartledge , and seconded by Mr ; Bowman , " That the explanation received - from Robert Kemp Piiilp , regarding his signing the Sturge Declaration , is satisfactory , to this meeting , and that the correspondence bttwixt Mr . Caitledge and Mr . Philp be sent to the Northern Star for insertion . The following is the correspondence : —
" 34 , Lomas-street , Bank Top , Manchester , March 30 th , 1842 . " D £ AR Philp , —At the South Lancashire Delegate Meeting , on Sunday last , it was unanimously resnived that I should write to you , requesting an explanation of the policy pursued by you in signing the ' Complete Suffrage Declaration . ' " This they think is due to them , as a portion of the NatiOral Charter Association , as it appears contrary to the general line of policy pursued by the Chartists , and " is diametrically Opposed to that they have found it necessary to pursue in Lancashire .
" This tbey think is due to you as a member of the Executive Committee , for . they have no inclination to condemn you unheard > though I mnst inform you that you -have caused great disapprobation and very great dissatisfaction in this part of the country ; for we cannot consent to any compromise with the party who on every occasion hire bludgeon-men to force ns to submit to their views of reform . Your partner will remember how he ; was treated in the Carpenters' Hall ween here ; which will justify us in watchiDg with jealousy every movement of these commercial schemers . " I am , dear Sir , " Yours , respectfully , " James Cartledge . " To Robert Kemp Philp . " " 1 , Shoe Lane , Fleet street , London , April 27 th . 1842 .
" Mt Dear Cartxedge , —Believe me the only cause of the delay of my answer to your official note , asking an f explanation' of my conduct , in reference to the ' complete suffrage' movement , has been the pressure of public and private duties . " I thank the South Lancashire delegates for their just conduct in asking my defence agahmt a particular accusation , before tbey pronounced their judgment Their conduct has , however , been an exception to the rule , fur in most places from which condemnation has proceeded , no investigation has been made , but unequivocal denunciation has been sent forth , based upon the most false and malicious representations of my condttc £ ' ¦¦"'¦' ; ;• ' . •" - . ; V ' " ' ¦ ¦ ' . : . ' . " ' - : : "In explanation , I now declare that I have never from my first connexion with Chartism , contemplated or advised the abandonment of one principle of the Charter , or even tha name , by which our pursuit ia designated .
¦ " I glory in the name of Chartist , and whether in company of friends or foes , I proudly acknowledge what lam . . ; • . ' ' ¦¦ "' ¦ ¦ ' : " ¦ ' . ' ' : - "I signed the 'declaration' because it involved no compromise of principle , and that by so < 1 oin-1 rniubjfc be able to assist in sendiDg ChartiatB to the Conference , to . defend and advocate our cause , and endeavour to secure its triumph . " To a great extent my efforts were Buccessful , two Chartists were sent for Bath , and aided by good and true men from other places , the Six Points were unanimously adopted . The Conference was resolved upon to consider of the Charter as a whole ; now when this ia about to take place I shall act aa I did before , in order to aeotire the adoption of the Charter in substance , detail and name .
" O'Connor has has now expressed his intention to act in this way with regard to the " . next Conference , yet it is for this precisely that I have bean denounced . My opinion is that we mnst abide by our organisation , be true , to ourselves and our cause , and we cannot fail to triumph . Many evils result from violently denouncing our enemies , but when a tide of hasty and unmerited denunciation is poured out upon our fritnds , a serious injury is done to the movement In the courge of our agitation we shall have frequent occasions to differ in opinion '; we must hold ourselves prepared for this , bat
if we cendemnwith bitterness of feeling and rail at and dfcnounce those who think upon some objects different from ourselves , we never shall succeed , and despotism will ride rampant over a divided and quarrelling people I cannot go at greater length at present ; read my letters in theVindicator , theresolutions from Bath in the Star , && , &c , and look at the results ; view the previous illtreatment I have received . Believe me siueereiy and truly devoted to the people ' s cause , and that misrepresentation , abuse , flittery , nor temptation shall never corrupt the democratic heart of
" Robert Kemp PiilLP . "' The circular from tbe Convention , requiring further aid , was read to the delegate ? . Mr . Cartledge m *) ved , and Mr . Gillmore seconded , the following resolution : —•• That % ve send five pounds to the Convention , viz ., three pounds for our representative , and two pounds towards the expences of that body in carryicg out tha auties imposed upon it . " Agreed to . Moved by Mr . Bowman , and secoHded by Mr . Bailton— - " That the committee have power to give two pounds more to the Convention should it be requirtd . " Agreed to . Mr . Leach moved , and Mr . Cartledge seconded—^ " That no delegate bring forward a motion for the levying money on the members of the different- Iccalitiea without giving notice to the delegate meeting previpus . " Agreed fco Mr .
Cartledge moved , and Mr . Nuttle seconded , the fellowing resolution : — " This meeting having the greatest confidence in the integrity and ability of FearguB O'Connor , E q ., the Rev . Wm . Hill , and the people's paper , the Northern Star , pledge themselves to stand by them so long as they fearlessly and ably advocate the rights of the working classes , and hereby call upon the people to support the Charter , name and all * at every public meeting called for . political purposes , » . » ¦ ¦ Moved by Mr . Railton , and seconded by Mr . Bowman— " That we the delegates of South Lancashire , in delegate meeting assembled , do recommend to the various Iooalitie 3 to gixe no countenance or support to any man or men who do not belong to the National Charter Association , for by supporting such individuals is only calculated to breed dificerd and confusion in our ranks . " Mr . Waters moved and Mr . Nuttle seconded , " That in consequence of Mr / Joseph Linney haying neglected his sppointmenUi
and thereby caused disappointments which have proved Injurious to the cansej this meetbg therefore authorise the Secretary to get some one to fulfill his plaee the remainder of the plan . "—Mored by Mr . Lawless and seconded by Mr . Cartledge , " That np locality be Allowed to take away any lecturer from bis engagement without the consent of the locality by which he had been engaged . "—Mr . Hoyle moved and Mr . Railton ascended , " That we , the delegates of South Laneaahire , do hereby tender a vets : of our confidence to tbe Convention now sitting in London . " Carried unaniiBoasly A vote of thanks was given to the Chairmaa , and tha meeting separated until that day month . From the accounts of the delegates from different psrts of the country there appears to be an increase of Tittmbera to the Association and a fixed detGrminatiOD . to jswta forward antir the working claases ara in posseiaioa of their just right 3 ; their motto Is , " whol ? Cbvttn * and uo surrender !"
CIRCULAR OF THE OPERATIVE STONEMASONS . " Sydney , New S ^ uth Wales , October 28 th , 1842 . " At a meeting of delegates cf all the trades , held at the Crown and Anchor Tavern , George-street , Sydney , on the 21 st of October , 1841 , it was unanimously agreed that emigrants bad been deluded to this colony by the bounty agents holding out such prospects to them so as to cause many to emigrate here who are now in a state of great distress , mere particularly in other trades than in our own .
" There were not less than thirty out of employ , -during the last six months , out cf five hundred masons-Oor trade is not so brisk at present , owing to the Government public works being done by prison labour , which was formerly done by Government emigrants B ' ufc since emigrants have come out in bounty ships , they have not been employed in Government works , but the day after tbeir arrival they are left to perish in the streets with their wives and families . " We , therefore , beg of you of the Trades' Union to petition some Member of Parliament , to cause emigrants to ccme out in Government ships , as on their arrival they are employed by Government , and provided
with houses to live in until they obtain other employment . Beware of bounty em if ration , for it is only a delusion . Employment is scarce , house rents high ; and provisions dear , as you will see by the following statement Our . wages are from eight to nine shillings per day , for competent . workmen , with precarious employment . There is no surtty of work more ihan a week at a time , as the work here is so very uncertain . Coupled as they are with yery stringent ; laws between workmen and their employers , and entirely different to what is enforced in Grest Britain and Ireland , as we have an aristocracy htre who make laws to suit their own private ends to tbe detriment of the working man .
We have here sent you a plain statement of the state of the colony which we hope you will take into your serious consideration , and then juuge for ycurstlves whether to remain at bome or emigrate to this country , bearing in mind that you have to labour for eight months in the year unoera vertical eun , with the following deduction from your wagts , if you have emplojmect , Tiz , house rents for a man and hb wife , ten shillings per week ; fire-wood , canulea , and provisions will average two pounds per week . Single men must pay at tue rate of one pound tea shillings per week ; this must ba furnished weekly , inclusive of clothes , tools , &C . &c
" Dear brothers , we leave you to judge the state of the poor labouring man who only gets at the rate of four shillings per day , when he has employment , what must be his condition with the high rate of living . We will continue to hold a monthly correspondence with you in future should things get better , you will be made acquainted from time to time . " We wish you to circulate this statement amongst the working classes of Grsat Britain and Ireland , to prevent the sad occurrences we have already witneaseU . We
wiah yen to be particular in our correspondence with you only in this circular , as for the future wo shall havo a stamp , so that ytu will know it ia from our society , as ; hc- masters are in the habit of not only writine , but getting printed circn ^ rs sen t from this colony to Great Britain and Ireland , with fjise statements both of the colc-ny , traue , provisions , house rents , < Scc ., which ha-f caused many dc . u ;<_ d emigrants to end their days in want on -jut shores , who mi ^ ht hate been better days in their native land . " I remain , yours ,
" William Goodall , Secretary " Society of Operative S'onemisons , Mr . Baker ' s , Crown and Anchor , George-street , Sydney . " " To Thom& 3 S . ort , Sscretay of English Society of Masons . "
THE STON'E MASONS OX STRIKE , fkom tue sew h 0 vses of parliament , and Kelson's monument , london , and tue wool-WiCH DOCKYAKD . To the Public and Vie Trades of Great Britain and Jre ' and .
Coalbrook Dale . — Chartist Demonstration . On WhiUun Tuesday , the 17 th instant , the membtrs and friends of the Coalbrook Dile Association intend to hold a Chartist demonstration on the Wrekin , and respectfully , yet urgently , invite the co-operation of all the Chartists in Shropshire , or ihe . surrounding countit-8 , they having adopted the old Tory toast of " all friends round the Wrekin . " It is the intention of the Dale C ' tuirtists to meet their Salopian and other friends in Watling str : et , near Wellington , at 11 o ' clock , and from theiice proceed , with banners aud music , to the Wrekin . Mr . Mason and several other gentlemen are expected . Dudley . —Mr . Candy will lecture here on Whitsun Wednesday .
Bilsto . v—A grand ball will be held in the iaree association room , Srafford-street , on Whit Monday ; musician are already einja / jed for the purpose ; ticket 3 fourpeuce each , to be had at the following places : — namely , at Mr . Thomas Rogers , Walsall-street ; Mr . Robf-rc Getting , Oxford-sireet ; Mr . John Jones , hair-dresser , Wolverhampton-street ; and at the Cooperative Store ? , Stafford-street . -: Darlastox . —A delegate meeting of great importance , wiil be held at the Seven Stars Ian , Darl&ston , at two o ' clock on Whit-Sunday , May 15 ' . h , when delegates from the following places , are earnestly requeued to attend : —Dudlt-y , Wednesbury , Walsal ! , Wolvi-rhampton , and Bilston , when business respecting tbe district lecturer will be transacted , and other ma-ters of importance .
Det . by . —The Chartists of this town , will have a t a party and ball at Mr . Pegg's , Tanner ' s Arms , on Tuesaay iu Whitsun week . Hoolev Hill—On Monday , May 16 th , Mr . DiXon ef Wij ; an , will deliver a lecture at this place , at seven o ' clock in the evening . Nottingham . —A County delegate meeting will be I'eld at ihe Democratic Chapel , Rice Piace , on Sunday next , when it is requested that all places in tha locality will Fend delegates , as business of importance will be brought forward . Mr' Simmons , from Sutton , will preach t wo scr mons on the Forest , on Sunday , May 8 ih , at two in the afternoon , acd six in the evening . Mb . Coovim , from Leicester , will preach two sermons on the Forest , on Whit-Sunday afternoon and evening .
Bradford —A 1 eeture will be delivered at the Masons' Arms , Church Houses , on Saturday ( this evening ) by Air . Edwards , on behalf of the Association . Ramsbottom . —Mr . Jamc 3 Duffy will open an Association at Mr . James Taylor ' s , tbe i ) un Horse Inn , on Monday , May the 9 th , at eight o ' clock in the evening . Little Horton . —Mr . J . Arran will lecture in the Chartists' Room , on Sunday evening next , at six o ' ekek . Adwalton . —A Chartist Camp Meeting will be held at this place to-morrow , at two o ' clock in the afternoon . Long Land ' s Place . —Messrs . Alderson and Rawnsley will lecture on Wednesday evening next .
Arnold . —Mr . Soar , from Nottingham , will preach in our Chapel on Sunday evening next , at six o ' clock . Chowbkkt . —Mr . Isaac Barrow , of Bolton , will deliver two leotures in Harrison ' s Chapel , on the lo : h instant . The lectures to commence at half-past two o ' clock in the afternoon , and at half-past eix m tbe evening . Collections will be made at tho close of each lecture , to defray tke expences of the Chapel . M 3 DDLET 0 N . —Mr . Wilson will deliver a lecture in the Char . ist Chapel , on Monday next , "On the present alarming state of the country , the cause of it , and its remedy . " Doors to ba opened at halfps ^ t sev en o ' clock , and the lecture to commence at eisiht .
The following are the accounts furnished by the Times and the Morning Chronicle of tbe " National " procession : — ( From ihe Times . ) Yesterday was what may be termed a grand demonstration of the strength of the political body called Chartist * .
According to the instructions issued to the various divisions and sections , the Chartist party began to assemble in the . Waterloo-road , Bermondsey , Deptford , Croydon , Bothnnl-gieen , Shoreditch , Finsbury , Marylebone , Sonierstown , Pancras , and numerous other places , at various hours , varying from seven to eleven o ' clock , so as t : > enable them to bt > in proper order in Lincoln's-inn-fields , where the different bodies were to assemble and form themselves by twelve o ' clock . Accordingly , the neighbourhood of the place of assemblage began to present a very bustling appearance as early as ten o ' clock , . and tbe multitude continued to increase up to the time the procession began to move , about half-past one o ' clock , at which hour tbe number of persons who were drawn to the place could not have
been less than 20 , 000 persons ; the greater part were , however , merely spectators , for the numbers of persons who actually formed in procession were , according to the returns made to the Commissioners of Police , 19 GO , and a fraction above , females included . The numbers were ascertained by ptrsona belonging to tbe police being placed in different parts with orders to count . The number of banners and flags was 70 ; there were six bands of music , and three Scotch pipers , and three caps of liberty surmounting the lictor ' s rods . As soon as the procession waa formed the movemont coinmencevi by four persons on horseback , bearing wands mounted with tricoloured ribands , the riders , as well as the rsst , wearing a tricoloured rosette and a tricoloured silk scarf . They were followed by a purple silk banner , with the
inscription , " The sovereignty of the People , " followed by others bearing such as " The Charter , " "Universal Charter , " "No Surrender / ' " Liberty , " and " Free Press . " One of the fl . gs from the inscription of "More pigs and less parsons , " with " Universal suffrage , " occasioned a vast , deal of amusenitj : t . The first and second divisions having passed along Little Queenstreet and Holbern , were followed by the division to venose care , wns entrusted the petition ,, which was placed upon a framework of wood : it weighed about two cwt , and was carried by 33 men , the woodwork being ornamented with '' The Charter—the People ' s right ; " and thewhole body then moved forward at a slow rate , but in a most peaceable and orderly manner , along Holborn , Tottenhara-court-road , New-road , down Langharn-place , Regent-street , and then in a direct line to the HouBe of Commons , which place they reached
about half-past three o ' clock . Long beiore tliew arrival both sides of Parliament-street and the open space before the House of Commons , as well as those points which commanded a view of the procession , were crowded to excess ; so that at the time the petition arrived tke number of persons assembled could not have been less than 50 , 000 . Across Palace-yard a strong body of police , under the directions of Superintendents May ana Giinsell , were placed so as to afford a free passage for the members of the t « vo Houses of Parliament , while to prevent any more inconvenience thau was necessary , the procession filed off towards Westminster-bridge . The leader having informed Mr . Superintendent May that they ouly required the delegates and those who carried the petition to be admitted , an avenue was immediately formed by the police .
Tiie windows of the House of Commons , looking into the open space , were filled with Members , the most prominent boing the Hon . Member for Finsbury ( Mr . T . Dunconibe ) , who having agreed to present the leviathan petition was loudly cheered . The petition was then carried to the Members' entrance , but from the height and bulk it got jambed in the doorway , much to the annoyanco of several Members , who wer « prevented from entering the Houso . Tbe Hon . Membfar for Montrose ( Mr . J . Hume , who happened to come down at the time , upon seeing the petition jambed in the doorway , suggested that it should be taken round to the other door , but a dilemma again presented itself—the petition was immovable . It was at length suggested that the framework should , be removed ; this , in a few minutes , was broken away , and the petition carried into the House .
Owing to the excellent arrangements ^)! the police , not the slightest accident occurred , while the only infctauct ) of disapprobation expressed by the mob was at some barristers , who hod placed tbemaelves at the window over the private entrance to the Court of Queen ' s Bench .
( From the Morning Chronicle . ) Yesterday being the day appointed for the presentation of ¦«'* The National Petition , " the Cuartists assembled in large bodies in different quarters of the town at an early hour . Sooa after nine o ' clock , the streets leading to Lincoln'a-inn-fields were thronged with nie / iibers of the various Associations of the metropolis and elsewhere , all wending their way towards the place of rendezvouB—viz . the square ef Lincoln'sinH-flelds . The time appointed for the formation of the procession was one o ' clock , and by that time the square was densely crowded . The windows of the houses in the Ticinity were ocenpied by spectators , principally ladies . The members of the Nutional Conyentlbn arrived to the Square at one o ' clock ; those who were recognized by the assembled multitude were greeted with loud cheering .
The members of the Convention were preceded by the monster petition , borne on the shoulders of thirty-three able-bodied men , selected from the different trades in the metropolis . It was carried on a kind of portable stage or platfoi m , which bad been constructed for the purpose , and was covered with ribbons , and otherwise decorated . On tbe front was placedla placard , ^ displaying the number of signatures which it contained , and from which it appeared that the number was 3 , 317 , 702 . The procession was formed soon after one o ' clock , tbe petition being placed in front . After the petition came a large and Euip ' . e black flag , bearnig the inscription , " Murder demands Justicc , 19 th AuguBt , lfilfl . " On the other side the flssr was a representation of the Manchester massacre . Next to this flig were several staves , bearing on each a representation of the pap of Liberty . Tlien came several ftige , bearing each the inscription , " Unitedwo stand , divided wo fall . " fee
first band followed these flafs . Next to the band was a flag inscribed "We r « qaire jus tice before chwty—tbe People ' s Charter , euA no surrender J " and on the other side of it were these words ; '' Every man Js born fr « e , and God has given man equal rights and liberties ; and may it please God to give man knowledge to assert those rights , and let no tyraunicaV faction withhold them from tbe people . " Then followed the flags belonging to the Hudderafleld and Kettoring Association , tOgetaer with those from the association at the Tower Hamlets .
Following these was another band , in tbe midst of which was a flag inscribed , "O Connor , the tried champien of the people" The appearance of this flag was hailed with a lwu-i burst of cheering from the persons ass&rubled in Lincoln ' s-inn-square to . view the procession aa it psssod . Immediately following this flag ^ as one bearing the quotation from Ejcodug , " Wcosoerer sheddeth man's blood by man shall bis blood beBhed . " Several other flags followed , and by two o ' clock the procession had left the square . It piccoeded up Great Q leen-street . Drury-lane , up Holhorn , to Oxford-street , and arrived at the House of Commons sit a quarter past three . ' -
EyerythiDg was conducted in the mest pestceaMe and orderly manner . Not the slightest confusion prevailed from tha time of the assembling- ' of , the multitude in the morning to that of its departure with the procession . A Krge body of the police , under Superintend"nt Sandrock . were in attendance , but they were not required to act in any way .
THE NORTHERN STAR . .. . ' - . ;¦ .- , : - . c . ;' -:. ?^ '
Northern Star (1837-1852), May 7, 1842, page 7, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1160/page/7/