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I TO . THE . READERS AND ERIEND S ^ I OF THE ; "STAE .. OF FREEDOM . "
In accordance -with an intimation given in last Saturday s " Star , of Freedoin , " -1- beg to announce certain improvements in this journal , which will be effected forthwith . Thus far the appearance of the . paper-has been anything but satisfactory—an evil which Undoubtedly has injuriously affected the circulation . Indeed , I know that many well-wishers have declined to canvass for subscribers among their friends on this very ground alone . This obstacle to the paper s progress will henceforth
cease The next number will be printed in new ' type ; and in all that pertains to the printing department , the " Star of Freedom" will , for ^ the future , presentan appearance not inferior to that of any paper published . Oa assuming the proprietorship jn'A jril lasi , I ' KEK ^ -i ^ - isx ^^^^^^ S ^ t ^^^ : construction of the paper , including change of form . The writers of those letters , and I believe the readers generally , wilJ be gratified to learn that after this week the form of the paper
will be changed to sixteen pages , containing , in all forty-eight columns , wider than the present . Among other advantages this change will admit of each department having its approp riate page or pages . And as it is designed to make the paper of more than passing interest , its more compact , form will with many be Rn additional inducement to preserve each consecutive number for binding in half-yearly volumes . If among those who have been
readers of the " Star for years past there are any who would prefer the retention of the old form , it may nevertheless be anticipated that they will have no repugnance to the new ; especially on reflecting that the new form will be best adapted to obtain new readers , and it is to be hoped , new converts to those principles of Equal Eight and Justice with which the name of the "Star" hasbeenso long and so honourabl y associated .
Arrangements to secure the fullest efficiency iu the publishin g department will ensure punctual delivery to subscribers and " the trade . " This matter is of the utmost importance . Insufficient attention to this department heretofore has done immense injury to the circulation of the paper . Arrangements will , therefore , be made by which the paper will , without fail , be on sale at the publishing office
183 , FLEET-STREET both on Friday and Saturday not later than two o clock . " ' Tbe literary arrangements will include the addition of several new features , and every effort will be made to place the paper , as a whole , upon such vantage-ground as to invite comparison with the highest-priced , and most
popular of existing journals . The present editorial management will be continued ; but writers new to the " Star of Freedom , "—men of talent , rectitude , and devotion to the common-weal , —will give their assistance , and labour with the Editor to make this journal a guiding Star to the millions in their march towards the promised land and the better
time . Democracy will , as heretofore , find in this } ouraal a faithful exponent and untiring advocate ; and attempts will be made to point out and make evident the available means by which the unrepresented people may recover the exercise of their franchises , and assume their proper position : thatof citizens of a commonwealth founded upon the equal rightsof all .
The Go-operative movement will have special attention . Arrangements have been made to obtain information relative to the progress of Association in all parts of the country . A series of articles elucidatory of the principles of Association—both in relation to production and distribution—and the means to work out those principles , will appear in tbe improved series of the " Star of Freedom . "
The " Star" will also aspire to be tbe organ of the Trades of Great Britain . Through its columns the organised Trades will be enabled to make known and to extend their organisation ; and those who may suffer wrong , ¦ whether united or isolated , will be enabled to make known to their fellow-workers , and to the world , their grievances , and the means they employ , or propose to employ to obtain redress .
Ample space will be devoted to original and carefully written Reviews of new books , whether English or Foreign . The literature of the Continent , more particularly tbe Democratic literature , will receive the attention of the Editors , and full notices be given of the most important books that are published abroad . Every exertion will be made to elevate the " Star of Freedom" to the rank of a first-class Literary paper .
Carefully written and unbiassed critiques of the Drama and other Public Amusements , will fo given . The progress of the Arts , and the advance of Scientific discovery , will be duly recorded . Thus far the " Star of Freedom" has maintained a character for pre-eminence in its
f oreign correspondence and intelligence . If Poss ible , this department will be still further improved . The general domestic intelligence ^ ili be carefull y condensed , or fully detailed , as circumstances may dictate . A rich variety ° f miscellaneous information of every descriphoiij forming the complete news of the week , * iU appear in each number .
. It is unnecessary to add many words to this ^ ple outline of the future . For the management » I can answer that no labour will be feared to make the "Star of Freedom "—in lts intents and appearance—a journal every * y worth y of public support ; and I do not d ° ubt , that with the help of energetic friends , JJat support ^ iu De obtained . One chief need of he Star" is greater publicity , wanting which .
improvements will-be , comparativel y speaking , thrown away . The ' . example set by the Metropolitan Committee , whose Address follows this Notice , will—if followed up generally and immediately—be . productive of the best results . •; Local Committees to canvass for new subscribers , and gi ? g&hie publicity to the paper * cannot fail w Insure its successful
establishment . In the absence of Committees , energetic individuals may go far and do much . towards supplying their place- A hearty and united effort is all that isineededio ensure a long career of usefulness and honour to the . " Star of Freedom . " ¦ -- . s . . . , ' . _ . "' . ^^ hi f'M ^^^^^^^^^ f
TO THE DEMOCRATIC AND SOCIAL REFORMERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND .
Friends , — The greatest want of the People , in their straggles for Political and Social Freedom , has been the want of a true and faithful Press . It was because we felt this that we welcomed the Star of Freedom . ' The name of the editor was sufficient to satisf y us that it would be a journal devoted to the advocacy of the Rights of the People , and we have not been disap . pointed r
. Unhappily , this journal has Had to encounter many difficulties . The most unscrupulous means have been resorted to in order to crush it . Week after week the contents of the paper have shown the falsehood of the accusations so recklessly launched against it by its enemies . It has lived down calumny , and continued , by its strict adherence to principle , to merit that confidence which , from the outBet , we placed in it and its Editor .
But we will not conceal from you that efforts are needed to accomplish the permanent establishment of the 'Star of Freedom . ' Believing—and we are sure that the best friends of progress will concur with us—that the extinction of the ' Star of Freedom ' would be a great misfortune , the undersigned have banded themselves together as a Committee , for the purpose of organising popular support . We feel certain that were the paper known , its success would be assured . We will make it our endeavour , therefore , as we would call upon you to make it youre , to bring it before the people , persuaded that it only requires to be seen and read in order to be appreciated by all the earnest and intelligent portion of the peo . pie—all who desire freedom and enlightenment for themselves and for their fellow countrymen .
Wo have heard with much gratification of the contemplated improvements in the Star '—particularly those ia relation to the printing and publishing of the paper . Under the new arrangements success is certain if onl y the necessary efforts be made by those who are bound iu principle aud honour to sustain the advocates of our principles—the champions of our cause . Friends , —We appeal to you to come forward and lend us your assistance in the good work . We have no thought of calling upon you to tax yourselves for the support of the Star . ' Bat we would beg to submit
to you a plan by which you may benefit the paper and insure its success without any very great expense or inconvenience to yourselves . We beg to suggest the appointment of Local Committees to canvass for subscribers , and to make known the paper , its merits , and the claims it has upon the support of the people . If such local committees are formed and will communicate with us we will indicate other means of helping in this good work . We have taken the initiative m London , and we appeal to our friends in all the principal towns , and indeed , in every place throughout the length and breadth of the land , to immediately follow our example .
If exertions worthy of the object we have in view be at once made , we are confident that within a very few weeks the circulation of the paper will be doubled , and its permanency insured . _ The long-established claims both of the Journal and its Editor to the support of the Democracy , need no words from us . To the co-operators and tradesunionists , we would say , that in preserving the 'Star of Freedom , ' they create for themselves a glorious opportunity of spreading abroad tbe great principle of the organisation of labour , a principle not yet sufficientl y known to be appreciated by the majority of the working classes of this country . To all sincere i « eformers—to all who desire to forward liberty and progress , we appeal to come forward and lend their active aid in establishing the Star of Freedom , ' as the Champion of Political Equality and the Rights of Labour .
Josiah Mebriman , Chairman . William Newton , A . E . Dklaforcb , James E . Mohiso , George Farrah , James Fekwick , , John Washington . AroDsios Piebct , Jamks Ghassbt , T S . Clabkb , John Mathias , Johx Shaw , Isaac Wilson , D . W . Rufft , J . B . Leno , W . Ishau , T . Farrah , William Davis , George Tatlor , William Tratkrs , J . Wilkks , W . MlLFOBD , J . I . FgHMNAKDO , J . Pbiiie , R . LEvr , Jons Milne . Walter Cooper , Secretary .
• FRANCE . France and the Northern Powers—Rascality of th > Priesthood —The New Mimstry— The Elections—OdWon Barrot and the Electors oftteAisne—The Political Scaffold- Attempts on the Life o f Bonaparte—The approaching Fete—Disturbances in the Somme . ( From , our own , Correspondent . ) ¦' , a -ul ' . j V Paris , Augost 4 th . As might be expected , the secret treaty of the Northern Powers relative to the ; 8 tate of France , published by the Morning Chronicle" la * t week has produced a great sensation here . The ' Univers . " the beastly organ of the intollerant and jreedom-mtting prieBts , has a long article upon the subject from whiclr ^ iextract the following : — «¦ J . . if *; * President higwueed of external succour . To trans-„ Zu Iu j rabH . 0 ino" aaajnpire an act of his will suffices . He . ttassBSasatKassiTstaifft iSSSisaas caenterea
»™ m rt , S j * aB r " the oapUal eight days ago . am d the thanderof cannon and th- peal of bells , amid popular acclamations fo towed by that long train of Generals and Eat personages , tailed by that army which is not his sole strength s or ? oundh&s ' « ***? I * " ch l 0 uU Phili PP * « S « andBnSflJnTf " « only no one murmured against that proud and Bttjldcn pomp , but no one was even shocked : it it and a < -ne . wily ; u imparted pleasure . We were on the spot , and we * ritnemd it On these same boulevard , we also witnessed the moewataS of ^ : spi"S « i = l € S r ^ aps ^ saMsaf tt ^ aararasiSKwSSS ^ satrpa'sMitttaraiTS of those | personsi , » fer so many alarmi , no one was sorry to see / . "I fr M hIS ( larriaSeaman ' a cllief . ¦ sovereiEn who d » e , not tremble , and . because lia does not so tremble , imparts hZrf a f m ? V ' ? does not dePMd on * e bad humour of a battalion of the National Guard , orin the combinations of a party
You will see the manner in which the cowardly priest-Tuf !! "IT upon the men of the revolution . Jril y » l trudged ? ! oot was no donbt a ™ V Vinous crime m the eyes of those pretended disciples of Jesus Sow A -r , ° J foll r the ex ^ ple ° < * teacher of humiUty and equality , must needs roll in carriages , live jn sloth and luxury , obtained by spoiling the "Sft ^ down trodden people . I do not at all doubt that the men whom the Univers" represents were not sorry to see the downfall of a government founded
upon justice and right , and more pleased to see "in his carriage , a sovereign" to countenance and aid them in their life of robbery and lies ; but that the people welcomed the midnight assassin , is an assertion which the sacrifices of the past have proven , and the actions of the future shall yet prove to be a most atrocious falsehood . Formerly a change ot ministry was an important oircumstance in France , but no * , as Veron truly says , it is a matter which concerns the President merely . Accordingly , it will be of little interest for you to know that Bonaparte has been changing some of his lacqueys . The following is a list of the hand ' s
new gang :-btate Fould : Finance , Bineau ; Public Works , Magne ; Foreign Affaire , Drnuyn de Lhuys ; Marine . Ducos ; Justice Abbatucci ; Instruction . Fortoul ; Interior . Persigny ; vvar , bt . Arnaud ; Police , Maupas . A number of Councillors of Mate have also been nominated One of these is M . de Lormenin , the famous publicist , who under the nomdeguerre of" r . nion , ' played the part of a French Junius towards Lonw Philippe . He has in his 10 h year recanted e i ! ??• PV ofe 8 slons by entering the service of the suoliutor of init king s postenty , and consented to become councillor ot state-Last Wednesday night the residence of M . Persi ny , tbe Mimsterof the Interior , took fire , de < tro « inga 1 l the wardrope of his newly married wife . 1 W a * disappointed at hearing next day , that the ( dis ) honourable gentleman was absent at the time , as , otherwise , he might have got seasoned for ins ultimate place of abode .
Republican blood continues to be shed on the scaffold * . I have received a letter from Clamecy detailing the execution ot two Republican msur ems of December , named Cerosse and Cuisimer . They were charged with killing two gendarmes during the struggle that followed the coup d ' etat If they did so , they onlj did their duty , by fighting for liberty and the Constitution . The real criminals were the vet unpunished monsters who slaughtered women and children on the bomevards . The prime mover in these atrocities was , I learn , narrowly escaping retribution . It is reported that two attempts have been made on the life of Bonaparte , one was by a gengarme mobile , who was afc once shot , the other by a Chasseur deVuicennes , on duty at the Elvsee . He fired a pistol at the President as he paired , but missing him ' , he was instantly ext-cmed in a bastion .
The preparations for the fete of August loth ara already beginning on the Trocadero . This festive spectacle will be quite in the style of the fetes given in the time of the Empire : > nd llestor-. tion . The fountains of the Chainps-Elysees are to flow with wine in * tead of water . _ Seven journeymen masons were arrested a few days since at bt . Etienne , in a public-house , where they had met , it is said , to plot a general strike for an advance of wages . Serious disorders have taken place in tho commune of Uemmn , m the Somme , in consequence of a setero decree of the mayor on the subject of gleaners . The Sub-prefect of Montdidier , and the substitute of the procurer of the Republicti repaired to the spot , but failed to appease the incensed inhabitants , > ho have from time immemorial exercised this privilege of the poor . By order of the prefect , a detachment of cuirassiers and a body of infantry were despatched to Demuin ; and the prefect himself , together with the proourer , proceeded to the scene of disturbances .
BELGIUM . The Presse" says it has received the following information from Brussels : — " The present ministers will remain id office , including M Frere Orban . Only M . Tesch , whose health is seriously affected , will retire . He is namod Prefect of the Luxembourg in the place of M Smiths , who will , it is said , be appointed to the vacant uovernorship of the province of Namur . The successor of M . Tesch in the Ministry of Justice will probably be M . Oris , a , member of tUe Chamber of Deputies and Professor of Political Economy in thes University . It was M . Orts who , in the discussion of the bill on successions , proposed to introduce into it the progressive principle . As to tbe treaty of oommercewithFrance . it is said the negotiations will bo resumed , and that the Belgian government will erant
nrotection to literary property . It is understood , however that the present ministers continue in office only provigionally . It . is proposed to convoke an extraordinary session of the Chambers for the despatch of business , and to avoid in it all cabinet questions . MM . Rosier and Frere will carry on the business of tho government until the new session , which is in November , and then the ministerial crisis will bo settled , either by a dissolution of the parlia-Iiament or a change of the ministry . " Victor Hugo , through the columns of the " Nation " has addressed the following letter to the French Refugees in Belgium : — « . „_ ,. „„ . _ . „ , _ , . "Brussels , July 31 st , 1852 . dearFnends
"My . -ldepnrt ; it is for me a profound regret to quit you . We have been companions in the combat of the 2 nd of December , we arc now companions in proscription : it is hard to separate . For me it is the exile of exile . It is painful to me to renounce this community between friends , refugees , and brothers , of which you have given here the touching spectacle , and in which I had arrived nlmost at happiness through cordiality . I could have wished never to leave you , but I have been give to understand that at the moment when I shall publish my historical work entitled 'Napoleon le Petit , ' my presence would become for Belgium an embarrassment , even a peril . This was sufficient to make me at once resolve to leave Brussels . I have informed you of my resolution , and you have it such
approved . In a case no one of ua would ever hesitate , and rather than compromise , were it but in app arance , and in the eyes of titnid minds , the tranquillity or the liberty of a poople , we would accept all the aggravations of proscription . I go to Jersey , in that England , which has the greatness of power , to give refuge , with impunity , to all the banished . If it should come to pass that M . Bonaparte should thi : ; k fit to raise a . complaint again-t me in Belgium , regarding the book which I am about to publish , I will hasten to return ; I will appear with profound confidence before the loyal Belgian jury , and I will thank Providence for giving me that now occasion < f pleading against that man , before the conscience of all the peoples , the great cause of right , of the Republic , and of libertv !
' Dear friends , receive the expression of my fraternal sentiments . "Victor Iluao . " Our Belgian correspondent writing on Tuesday , says that Victor Hugo ' s work was expected to appear next day or the day after . Ue informs us that Victor Hugo , and his son Charles , quitted Brussels on Saturday morning and repaired to Anvers , where they embarked for Lo " ndon , which they were obliged to traverse in order the sooner to reach Jersey , where they intend to take up tbeir permanent residence . A great number of French refugees and many Belgians accompanied them to tua railway station .
We read in the " Courier du Havre : "— " We learn that Madame Victor Hugo , accompanied by her son , arrived in our town yesterday , and embarked for London the same night . She probably goos to join her husband , who , doubtless , has gone to London . " Tho total receipts of the state railways in Belgium , •' urihg the first six months of the year , were 7 , 761 , 342 fr In the c 6 rre 3 pondins period of last year they wero only 0 . 850 , 944 fr .
GERMANY . Austrian Finances— -The Austrian government and the middle classes—Likely fate of the Hungarian nobles—Young Nero ' s \ marriage—The state ofsiegein Baden . AUSTRIA . —Financial affairs still hold the first place in the minds of the Austrian Ministry . One measure in contemplation is that of placine in the hands of the govern , ment the funds belonging to the orphans . A letter ' rom Vienna says : — " Of the internal policy of the Austrian government there is little more at present to be . said than that jts . aim is towin what the French call the To . ott ) icpUtkl-Jjip ' p : lit ^ oraoy and the' lntdire ^ cla ^ e ^ h ^ JMr ^ hrrevolfrtibu 1 showed themselveseitherlukewarm or positively disaffected , that it is , if I am not misinformed , intended to deprive them of the little influence whichaa members of tbe Stande .
they , posssesed before the revolution . In the new political Iaw 3 the Stande will probably again figure as consultative bodies , but it hardly admits of a doubt that their advice will bwmo 8 tuncoremoniously rejected wbeneverit isunpalatable , Very serious apprehensions begin to be felt that the upshot of the " passive resistanoe" of the Hungarian old Conservatives will be that they will find themselves placed in the same position as their Gallioian brethren : or , in other words , that the peasantry will be taught—I mean will learn—to consider and treat them as their natural enemies . In the new laws the legislative power will be vested entirely in the Crown ; but many experienced politicians are inclined to doubt whether this is good policy , as , although open resistance is out of the question , there will always bean under current of opposition which it will be found exceedingly difficult to overcome . "
A German paper , confirming the announcement of a meeting to take place in August between the Emperor of Austria and the King of Prussia at Ischel , declares that the object of the interview is more probably the question of the marriage of the young Austrian monarch than any political question . PRUSSIA . —The following telegraphic despatch has been received from Berlin : — Berlin , August 2 . The " Prussian Gazette" declares the secret convention of the Northern Powers published in the " Morning Chronicle" to be a mere fabrication . Letters from Posen state that 1 , 800 have died of cholera , out of a population of 12 , 000 . The fire that broke out consumed eighty houses . The greatest distress and misery pervade that city . SAXONY —It is 3 tated the visit of the Princes John and Albert of Saxony to Berlin related to a proposed chango in the commercial policy of Stxony .
BADEN . —A decree of the Prince Regent of Baden prolongs the regime of the state of siege on his territories to 1 st Sept . The " Coblenz Gazette" of the 26 th , says : — " Gen . do Lamoriciere left this city yesterday for Mayence , where he intends to remain for some days . We learn that the departure of tbe general was not voluntary on his part . "
SWITZERLAND . A Fribourg iournal announces that the Federal Council has referred the petition of the oommittee of Posieux to the Council of State at Fribouvg . ' The grand council of Nnufchatel , which had held extra * ordinary sittings on tho 29 th and 30 tbult . to consider what was to be done in the present state of tho country , voted by 09 votos to 11 a decree pronouncing the suppression of a political society in which were concentrated the elements of the opposition formod by the partisans of the sovereignty of the King of Prussia . This society was known under the mime of the Corporation of the Bourgeoisio of Valengin . Tho Grand Council of the canton of Neufchatel in Switzerland ; in itsnaittinj ! i 0 hihe 3 l 8 t uUtJ adopted almost unanimously the bill for the repression of tha'brime of high treason , which had been submitted to it .
DENMARK . The " Wanderer , " of Vienna of the 24 th , says : — The treaty concluded on the 8 th of May in London , between Aus . tria , England , Trance , Russia , Sweden , and Prussia , relative to the succession to the throne of Denmark , has been ratified by all the powers , and the exchanges of ratification will take place in London in the course of this month . Tho powers which have not taken part in the couclusion of this treaty have received official communication of it , with an invitation to adhere to it .
ITALY . Foreign troopsin the Roman States—The Pope and the Kaiser •—The Press and the Priests— Piedmontese Communal elections—Change of Ministry in Tuscany—Rumoured interferanct of the British government—The Austrian terror in Lombardy . ROME . —A letter from Genoa , of the 23 rd ult ., says : — . " While the German journals , and among others the 1 Augsburg Gazette , ' s-ay that the French are fortifying themselves in the Pontifioal States , and covering with their guns the coasts of the Tyrrhenean Saa , it is elsewhere said that they will evacuate them in the beginning of 1853 In
accord with Austria , which will leave a force of 2 , 000 men at Anoona , they will leave an equal force at Civitsi Vecchia . In order to complete his army , the Pope has modified the decree respecting tbe mode of recruiting . It is no longer indispensable to be a Catholic to enter the Roman army . " A letter from Rome of the 23 rd ult ., states th t the Prince of Hohenlohn , Private Secretary of the Pope , and two other prelates were preparing to leave for Vienna . They were to be the bearers of autograph letters of his Holiness to the Emperor of Austria . Their contents bad not transpired , but they were said to refer ' to important questions , and amongst others to the occupation of the Roman dominions by the French and Austrian troops .
PIEDMONT—The editor of the " Gazette of the People" has heen sentenced to a month ' s imprisonment and a fine of £ 20 for an article written some time ago in favour of mixed marriages , in which he said difference of religion out not to form an inpediraent to marriage , when tho conduct of the parties w . is irreproachable . Accounts from Vienna , of the 23 th of July , state that a telegraphic despatch of the 20 th had been received from Rome , and that it was generally reported the negotiations between the Holy Bee and Sardinia have completely miscarried . Spinola had tendered his resignation . The " Risorgimento" of Turin of the 24 th , in giving an account of tho communal elections of that city , states that the electors have been much more numerous this year than last , the number being 1 , 313 , whereas there were but 875 lnst year . The elections have all been in a Liberal sense . At Chambery also the Liberal—or Ministerial—list has been triumphant .
The " Official Gazette of Savoy" announces that M . Ivan Golovine , now one of the editors of the ' Journal de Turin , ' has been ordered to quit Piedmont for having translated and published in the above-mentioned paper , without ? i ! o ? L e » ' an article host ! le t 0 Austria , written in 184 S by the Marquis d'Azealio before he was minister . The " Genoa Gazette" of the 29 h states , that Austro-Gcrmanio telegraphic lines are now open between the stations of Hanover , Bremen , and Harburg . TUSCANY-The "Opiniono" of the 25 th ult ., contains tho 'ollowing , dated Florence , the 20 lh : — i . ^ 8 terrJa y . aft 6 r a discussion between the Grand Duke and M . Baldasserom , who wished " to marry the old with the new , " the entire ministry tendered their resignations . The Grand Duke
ac-? w ? w S vl eed Mt Boccel ' a with the construction of another cabinet . The persons to whom the latter applied were Messrs . Puceioni , forthe Interior ; Bicchiorai , for Justice : and Tartini , for th an ™ ~ n uTre c ™ , < : mPtible , if possible , than their prede censors . The Baldalserom Ministry fell , as it should fall , execrated by public opinion and demised by the clerical party , whom it has served . To-day , however , the scene has changed A note , forwarded by the Minister of England , intimates that the English govcrnment will not be pieascd to see the country at the mercy of the party represented by those men . The Grand Duke , naturally wfr . k , became alarmed . He sent for M . Puccioni and did not receive him . He recalled M . Baldasseronl , and , for the hundredth irae . diimiiwd 11 . Bopella . Nothing , however , is yet decided , but I firmly belieTB the Mitusters including M . Boccella , will remain in office . It il r . ported that the English Minister intends shortlv to nresent a note relative to tne
evacuation ot Tuscany by tho foreign troops Our finances are in a deplorable condition . Twenty-thrce millions have been expondedfor'the Austrian army of occupation ; thirteen millions will be absorbed by the works necessary for the improvement of the portol Leghorn ; and the interest of four and five tier cent , guaranteed to railways hare s . i impoverished the Treasury that in Mareh next either th .- government must contract a new loan of forty mllionsor become bankrupt . Tiro san . o journal of the 29 th ult . quotes the following letter , dated Florence , 20 th : — The Ministerial crisis is terminated . M . Boccella quits the Ministry , and the " Monitor" will publish to day a Grand Ducal decree , announcing Ins retirement . His successor is a certain Buonarotti , tlio descendantof the illustrious Michael Angelo , one of theCouncil . lors ot State , who contended with the . greatest obstinacy that the ref gee Henzi should be surrendered to the Papal authorities . He is , moreover , a partisan of capital punishmwit , which he wishes to re-establish in our codes . ThoFe two facts will suffice to give you an idea of his political opinions . It may consequently be said that the change in the Cabinet is limited to a change of person . We hitre , nevertheless , gained something , for the new Minister , although be . longing to the retrogade and absolutist party , is attached to the
/ fif cA ^/ vv ^ r ^ Leopoldine jystem as regards the independence of tlio 8 t « ta wi » h re-• pect to the Church . We may consequently hope that the last law on public instruction will ba modified , anu that education will not be subjected to the influence of the clergy .. Tho decree dismissing W . Uoccella is couched in the most flattering terms ' , ' and expressly states that the Grand Duke doe * xwt intend to deprive himself of the services of so faithful a servant To convince yon that those are not idle words I have only to inform joirthat he has been charged with a pnvatenrission to the King of Naples . I must here relate to you an anecdote . M . Bnccella , niter receiving from the hands of the brand Duke the Instructions and credentials relative to his" mission , weutto congratulate M . Baldasseroni , President of the Council ,- and expressed to him his gratitude for having considered him worthy to n" that important mission , notwithstanding their recent political differences . M . Baldasseroni was so surprised at his visit aud lairguago that he could not utter a word .
The " Tuscan Moniteur" of the 21 st announces that tho " telegraphic lines of Tuscany have been put into communication with the foreign lines by a connexion between Luoca and . MasBa di Carrara . LOMBARDY . -The greatest aotivifcy prevails in the arsenal at Venice . More than 1 , 800 men are now employed in building , ships-of-war . The " Postampt Gazette" of Frankfort contains tho following from Vienna , 24 th : — Letters from eood authority which have reached us form Upper Italy confirm the accounts of a new Mazzinian conspiracy , with cx ~ tensive ramification ^ having been discovered by the government , but it is thought that the principal authors of it will soon be in the hands of justice . So many arrests have , it is said , been made inthe Venetian kingdom that the prisons will lot be large enough to contain the prisoners . It is said that , according to a proposition made by Field Marshal RadeUky , th . re will bo na more executions , but that the system of mildness and generosity adopted i .. granting amnesties will be abandoned . . ¦
A letter from Milan , of the 24 th , states that Marshal Radotzky had just arrived in that city .
SPAIN . Spanish Bullfights—Death of a Gladiator—More tmcortstitiitionalism—Occupation of Jolo—The last civil ivar . Tho " Heraldo" has tho following : — " The Toreador , Ximenez , known under tho name of Cano , died Iasi nighfr from the effeots of the wounds he had received in the i £ . bull-fiaht . This is the third hnman , victim who ,- in tho space of three months , has been sacrificed in the arena ! of toe most popular speotaole in Spain--a spectaolo in which every part is equally dangerous , sinoe the three unfortunatemen who have auoeumbed were , one a banderillo , ' the other a picador , and the third an espada . If we consider tbafi these misfortunes fell on a class which does not count moro ' than 50 individuals throughout Spain , we find that iff that
class , the proportion of casualties is perhaps superior tcy that of an army in campaign . In presence of these deploi-^ fe § ot 8 we . as ^ en of . gofli faith if Buob , wpeotaole . is compatible with Christianity iif . ' -wneh we ; tolerate such , doings , we can , without blushing , proclaim our right to be considered an eminently religious nation-if , finally , instead ot bemg a Christian and civilized people , we do not rather belong to that period of the decline of the Roman Empire , when the people took the greatest pleasufo in seeing men torn to pieces by wild beasts , and gladiators combating with skill and dying with grace , in presence of an idolatrous population addicted to Benaual pleusuros . " The "Madrid Gazette" publishes a royal decree , opening to tbe Minister of War a credit of 8 , 526 , 134 reals as a supplement to the various chapters of tho war budget , and ordering that the government shall render an account of this meaauro to the Cortes .
Tho "Espana" states from Manilla that preparations were making there for the occupation of Jolo , and tho construction there of a Spanish fort , l Jl - " ^ i r" ! Ga ?? tte . " of the 28 ttiult ., states , that the nTwQ Qnn las , t olvlI J wnr bad been ascertained to' amount to 5 , 728 , 309 reals , and had been paid .
PORTUGAL . Dissolution of the Cones-De spotism in Portugal-Rdyal ri » vals—The Queen and her refractory nobles . iho Cortes were dissolved on tho 2 Gth ult in consequent of an adverse vote on the dictatorship . The deoree dissolving the chamber , vras transmitted tff it by the Minister of the Interior , and read at the sitting on the 26 th ult , when the Chamber immediately bftffte up . Tho following is a copy : — Using tha faculty conferred on me by the constitutional charier ' of the monarchy , in ar icle 74 , sec . 4 it is my will and pleasure ;
, having heard the Council of State , accordfug to article 110 of the said charter , to dissolve the actual Chamber of Gentlemen Deputies of the Portugueso nation , and order a new election , agreeably to instructions which shall be immediately framed according to the disposition of the additional act ( reform of the charter )' , sanctioned by the law of the 5 th of July of tho current year , and to con . yoke tho general Cortes for the first of December now next enstting . The ministers and secretaries of state of the several departments wi'l thus understand and cause it to be executed . Palace ' of Necessidades . the 25 th of July , 1852 . Signed by the Queen an « all the ministers .
It will now , therefore , be seen that the government musd of necessity reassume the dictatorship ; one reason is because—although the charter has been reformed—there is no electoral law , and an electoral eoree will be necessaryj upon the basis of which the elections must be made , and which ; as they are to be direot elections , will probably be made undor a decree similar to that of the Palmella governmet iri 1846 . If the elections be therefore free ' and uninterfered with by governmental intrigue or military force , a still more independent chamber may be expected than that which has just ceast > d to be , which will produce an opportunity on the part of tbe government of showing that aversion to popular representation which is known to exist in the minds of moro than one member of its body—when Saldanha threatened to resign if the oecreo should not be approved , Senbor Holtreman advised the chamber not to regard it , for dissolution would take place , which is entirely attributed to thepenoliant of the Minister of the Interior .
Another reason is that , as the government only received power from tho Cortes to prooeed to the assessment and collection of the taxes during the session—as the ways and means had ' not ' been fdted—and" as ~ the session has ^ tena . i ? nated b y dissolution , the government must' publish a decree continuing to itself that power ; many important' corollaries upon the dissolution may therefore be expected . If ; ia said tho Cabralistas have hopes , and have received some consoling assurances from their chief . The governmenfi seems to be turning many thing in their favour ; tho Minister of the Interior has lately appointed Lopez dn Vaconcelles civil governor of Coimbra , an outrageous oppositionist of Saldanha , and a furious Cabralista , who would have apprehended tho regenerating chief , and rendered his movement abortive , had the progresistas not gone to his aid , and secured his triumph ; tho Coimbrense 3 are already up and stirring upon this point .
The Queen is immeasurably annoyed at the proceedinga of the Miguelites ( especially by the proceedings of a deputation which left Lisbon some little time since , to present a crown to Don Miguel , who is about to form quite a little court around him ) , and has actually signed a decree prohibiting passports to return being given to those who are gona for two years . Whether this decree will be published , of only transmitted confidentially to tho representatives abroad , time alone will show ; at all events , the decree will have the effect of a sentence of banishment ( for the period named ) , which is an unprecedented stretch of pewer , in a country where the rights of tho citizen are protected by constitutional forms .
The following occurrs in a letter dated , Lisbon , July 21 st : —The Marquis of Vallada , a young nobleman of largo fortune , whose ruling passion seems to be the love of display , has lately begun to indulge in the distinction of having a chasseur in green and silver , with a cocked-hat and black plume , after the manner of ambassadorial retinues , to follow his carriage on state occasions . On Saturday last , when the Queen went to lay the first stone of the monument about to be erected to her father , her Majesty noticing , for the first time , the chasseur in attendance upon the marquis , sent the Duke of Terceira to that nobleman to express her displeasuro at his assumption at what seemed
to imply a desire to nppear distinguished above his compeers ; and to signify her command , conveyed in the form of a wish , that be should discontinue it . Tbe marquis , who is a very bantam cook for spirit , politely requested theduka to present his humble duty to her Majesty , and to beg that she would not trouble herself with his domestio arrangements , adding that the times of despotism bad gone by , and that he would have one , two , or a dozen chasseurs , if ho pleased , without asking her permission to do so . Having said this , he immediately withdrew ; and , on arriving home , at once wrote a letter to the Queea resigning his office in the Royal household , and thereby putting it out of her power to dismiss him , as he had every reason to expect she would do .
IONIAN ISLANDS . Opening of the Ionian Parliament . On the occasion of the reassembling of the Ionian Parliament , the Lord High Commissioner addressed a conciliatory message to that body , to which the latter haa responded in an address conceived in a similar tone .
TURKEY . The Turkish attack upon the English Passtngm of iheVictory . The misunderstanding between the British miBBion aDd the Porte , on tbe subject of tho battle royal between the passengers of tho Victory and the Turkish rabble composed of the servants and boatmen of Fetby Ahmet Pacha , has not yet been fairly taken up . the Porte , previous to engaging in any serious controversy , being desirous of obtaining the most accurate information of the facts and circumstances which accompanied the occurrence . The witnesses in favour of the Turks belong to the soum of the populaoe of Arnaout Kuey , and most of these , though not preBent when , the event took place , have made affidavits , which naturally are liable to solid objections . In the meanwhile the rage of the English residents against tbe Turks has much abated .
UNITED STATES . OUR AMERICAN CORRESPONDENCE . Difficulties betiveen the English and American Government—Mr . Clay ' s Will—Growth of Sonora— Organisation of Labour in America—Nomination of Free Soil Candidate for the Presidency and Vice Presidency—Bloodshed in Cali * fornia—State of Mexico—Fearful Accident in Canada . ( From our own Correspondent . ) New York , Jult 20 th .. There was published yesterday a document from the State Department rela ivo to the rights of fishing . in tho
waters of tho > orth Amoncan coloiiies ^ pf ^ Great Britain . From this document it appears that measures have , been taken to exclude American fishing vesJus . ' frbm pursuing , their business in tho bays along the Coast of Nova : Scotia , '; Newfoundland , or Prince Edward ' s Island * , i Even from the-Bay of FunMy they are to be Bhut out , and ' . the-pii 8 sagefof ; the Gulf of Caiisu is henceforth to be defiled them . Armed vessels belonging to the colonies have | Jre * &dy , ' taken " . theis stations for this purpose , and one schooler , ; from llacbiaa , has already been seized , and will be cotifiscated for tiahing in the Bay of Fuudy . A steam frigate ; ' belonging , to th home Government , is also placed at tbe disposal of tbe
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gg * Agents and Subscribers baying their papers direct from tbe Star of Freedom Office , will p lease to observe that / or the future—AH Orders , Monies , Postage-Stamps , &c , must be addressed to GEORGE JULIAN HARNEY , proprietor of the Star of Freedom , 4 , Brunitrick Row , Queen-square , Bloomsbury , London . Il is requested - that all Money-Orders be made payable to GEORGE JULIAN HARNEY , at the Money-Order Office , Bloomsbury : London .
"The Scbkw" at thb Livbbpool Election . —The " Liverpool Chronicle " of Saturday contains the follow ng : —If evidence of the necessity of the ballot had not existed in abundance prior to the last election , the events in this town , and indeed in every contest throughout the empire , show that , without some protection to the voter , the exercise of the franchise will become in man ; cases a positive curse . Our attention has been called to one instance , a typo of ita class os . ly , but still so superfluously cruel in the details , that we cannot resist giving them a place here . A warehouseman , named Dennis Doyle , was called into the private office by his employer in North John-street on the day of the nomination , and told peremtorily that he must vote for Turner and Mackenzie . The man , who had been three or four years in the service , demurred , hinted that he h -d a conscience that he could not outrage , and begged that be might be allowed to exercise his electoral privilageas he pleised . " You must vote , I tell you , for Turner and
Mackenzie , said the employer , who traces his pedigree as far back , at least , as Adam , " or leave my service . " I will not vote so , " said the man respectfull y but firmly . " Stay , " was the rejoinder , "I want you in the morning . Be at my house not later than eight o ' clock . " A few minutes past eight in the morning tbe warehouseman stood in his employer ' s hall . " Now , Dennis , " said he patron isingly , " I : > m going to vote , and you must go with me . " ' I hive voted , " was the rejoinder . "For whom ? " " For Cardwell and Ewart ! " " Leave my employment instantly . You may as well stay to the end of the week , andthen I discharge you . " The threat was carried out , and on the following Monday morning Dennis had th < - wide globe for his inheritance , to ramble and kick his heels where he liked . The case was made known by a spirited and clever canvasser to Mr . R ^ thbone , jun ., and that ypung gentleman , who inherits his father ' s patriotism and philanthropy , founl honest Dennis a situation not less lucrative certainly tnan the one which he had so undeservedly forfeited .
SCBTEBRASBAH TELEOBAPH BETWEEN NAPLES AND GAETA . The " Giornale di Roma" of the 20 th ult ., gives a long account of the construction of a subterranean electric telegraph which has just been opened betweon Naples and Gaeta . The wire- are covered with gutta percha , and the writer say 3 it is the longest line ever constructed on the same principle . The Freehold Land Movement . —A public iueetine to farther this movement was held in Birmingham on Tuesday evening ; W . Scholefield , Esq ., M . P ., in the chair .
YOL . 1 . Ho . BY . LONDON . SATDRDIY ADfiflST 7 1852 PBICJE ™™**™***™* i «**> ; ¦ liwiww « | uaiUlMiai , iLUUUDl I , 10 u 6 , or Four Shillings & Tenpeiicc per quarter .
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Northern Star (1837-1852), Aug. 7, 1852, page 1, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1690/page/1/