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THE JN T OKTHEK]S T STAR. SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1841.
DURHAM COUNTY MEETING.
FRANCE . T ?« best new 8 is the introduction of a . legislative -tali for tt » protection of Factory Children . The or jjwi of the bill now before the Chamber of Deputies i £ \ o prorect children against both masters acd nrmte where ihew is an absence of proper feeling Jb win , and also to protect parents who love their « fspring , from being compelled by b&rd taskmasters to allow their children to work beyond their fair strength , as a © oadition of their being themselves enployed in factories . Another great object of the ill is to make education in all the manufacturing < fistricts iadjspensible a 3 a means of employment . Children are so ; to be employed if nader a certain age , nor can they be received at all without certificates of tfreir having received a certain degree of educ&tioB , « Jid masters are to be compelled to set side a certain period of the day in order that the ehildrca whom they employ may receire moral insfcrnetioa , and an education , fitted a ; least to their
postro * in society
SOUTR AMERICA . . . . Accounts from Meatevideo and Buenos Ayres « xhite a very extraordinary state of things , even in tfe «» long-distra ^ ied and much-divided country . Uader the absoiuttiigoveramen : of Rosas has sprung ¦ op a power m _ > re mischievous , because less response-We , than that of Vne " Moahorca Club , "' which by its secret murders has alarmed every mau of property or eonsea « ence in Buenos Avres for his peraonal safety . With the dangers which before threatened them , from tbe capricious acts oi' the Governor , and ihe probaViliiy oi a bomoaruuieui added to the blockade of the French fleet , the \ have now joined * third , of a Siill more terrible ascription . The Lonooe papers contain the following extracts firom private Jotters recently received : —
Montevideo , Sept . 23 , 1 & 10 . —It is said here io-day , that a messenger arrived here from Rivera to the government , with ir . t . ib ^ eiiLe that Ecnaque iad invaded the province of Corr-erues from Eitre Bios , at the bead of 3 , 000 men . and that Rivera iad sent ibr re ;; j ! orcemeDts of men and arms . Another report is current , that the French soluiers "who earns out with the ltte expedition ait- \ o be lauded at the Island of Mirnn" Garc-u , ' and one Tumour give * out , that a treaty has been entered into by ' ibis goyermneat ( Montevideo ) , and th * t of France ; the iavter advancing 25 3 OOU , O 00 f ., to be repaid in so many years , and in the interim tbe French are to occupy Colonia !
Bue ? os Atrks , Oct . 1 . —The French rerldents are one and all making off as fan as possible . Every < lay since the sailing of the picket there is a lit I of names asking passports of twenty and upwards , and tbat of this morning is longer clian any precidiag . The Trench are perfectly rght in so doing ; they oogh ; not to stay here cow . and it is probable few ioreigners of any nation will remain , unless some great change takes place . All are very much alarmed , and not without cause ; np to tbe present "the persons of Englishmen nave no ; been molested , ¦ bat certainly not their property , when required by ^ he Government . Imprisonments and as ? assina " .: ons proceed ; not a day pa ^ s ^ s but we bear of one , two , ¦ or more persons being ? cand with thnr throats cut . Of coarse it 13 quite too evident wh . u is the meaain ^
of all this , for in no instance has ir been a : tea-J-.-d " with robbery ; ihe money , watch , & . n ., r . ave b ? n invariably found upon the bodiu ; , ana all of them well xnd Tespecia ' oly dreaded people . It was currently reported yesterday that Lavalle had sealed Lopez , and was on bis return here again . On Sa' -urday last , about twenty shops were embargoed by the Government , l > elonging to persons considered Unitarios , but the « ame evening it was taken off , owing , some say , to the wind having changed , which has an effect upon oar lord and master ( Rusa 3 ); oth rs , on account of » letter sent by Mr . Mandeyille ( the Briti-h Minister ) , after an interview with an emisen ; English merchant , relative to some hides , on which he haa Advanced a large amount , a ?; d on which an embargo had been laid by the Governor Rosas .
On the 13 th of this month ( October ) it is expected that Rasas will be again re-elected Governor . " October S , 8 a . x . —I have now to eoimrmuieate continued scenes of barbarizes . Yt ? : rrday morning iive or £ ix persons ware found with their throa' . s cut ; two were shot at the Caartcl del Seresos . Poor Qaesada , formerly a colonel , ha- been murdered by them . This is most horrid work ! Not an hour passes without h « arrag of some one being assassinated . Numerous families daily most barbarously treated , tbe poor defenceless women slashed nnattercifaDy , and their clothing torn and cue ail to pieces , aad every article of their furniture broken np and completely smashed to atom ~! The vrholi towa is completely at the mercy of the Mas ' uorca elnb , which has cow become very nnmeronf : neither tbe chief of police aot A ^ sna cm say anyuiv .-. a against tbe acts of tiuse men , nor eau tifey £ -xerc ; te any aatbority over them .
1 p . m . —I am now told iha : Colonel Q ^ esida was last night taken a little way out of Vj > vu , and hid lu » throat cut . This is dreaitul ' . I am toid eleven Others were found this morning in the neighbourhood of Rivadavia ' s quinta . Some s » y as many as thirry offered last night . I can write no more ; these doings quite unman me . When shall we see an end of such dreadful atrocities ! October 5 . —Horrors aad assignation ? increase : everything ia m the bands of the Mashorca : Avacs * nd the chief of police have not a word to say . Qnesada ' s murder has exeilea muc ' . i disgust a-gains ; the Government . Mr . Mar . deville , the British Minister , when he applied to Avara on behalf of the tiotim , was assured be had been misinformed "; that Quesada had not been apprehended ; and liow tiiat the melancholy fact is established , Mr . Maiidevilie is greatly enraged at having been deceived by Avaaa All tne Briiish merchants are off by this packet .
I have afLain heard that the Minister strongty remonstrated with the Government . MojfTEViDEO , Oct . 13 . —The American commodore went up to Buenos Ayres on the lu : h , and , as be is % humane and gentlemanly man , anu much shocked at tbe perpewaiion of such unhtar-i-of craeUies , he has promised to u = e every kiSueLce his station may invest him vrita to indue * the Government V 3 put down the merciless perpetrators of these barbanties . The instructions of Admiral Makan have not been promulgated . He embaikeJ on Siiurday eveLing , the lCLh of October , aud immed'ately set out to Buenos Ayres . The epinioTi among' the French residents is general thus he will treat with Rosas . The admiral has given orders to have all ihe lauding companies ana thrfce-nuhs of ihe sailors on board each vessel exercised daily for six hours , and eertainly is preparing for war , though he may sue for peace .
The British frigate Stag , bearing the pendant of Commodore Suiiivan , in company with the Cur ^ eos and Grecian , sailed for Buenos Ayrts ias : nigh :. We have , therefore , some protection to Briti .-h subjects . Tne Southampton , 50 , is d ^ iiy eipf cicd with Admiral King ' s flag .
EGYPT AND TURKEY . The affair cf these countries are once more siic -to be " settled . '' Andtneyare ^ st : < Jei" as ino ; : British " settlements" are made , bv fraud and treachery . The solemn Convention concluded by the English Commodore has been ret at nough : ij Admiral S : opford , who declared that the Commodore had exceeded hi 3 powers . Many p ^ r ^ -iu- ^ blamed Mehemet Ali for harms placed so much ¦ confidence in the Conuaodore , and 1 ' tared that hi -would become the vioiiin of his candour . But although the Viceroy is a Tut ' k ., he -lues not doubt a person who speaks to him in the Jzn ^ aage of sn ionourabie man , and be would have surrendered -the Turkish fl . eet to tbe Commodore withou ; auy ^> ther securiry but Ms word of honour .
Contrary to every expectation , this new attack nas not shaken hi 3 courage . When he read Admiral fitopford ' s letter he re ' . akted his usual presence ol mind . u I am pained , " said he to his frieads , " at this proceeding , because it proves tha : my character is not appreciated . 1 offered long since to restore the Sultan ' s fleet , but the manner hi which I have been treated proves that my wurd is not believed . ind ^ iis faet wousds zny feeiicgs . " W . e Bee by the official documents that Mehemet Ali is obliged to surrender at discretion , the Allied
Powers only ensraging to secure hiai ihe Goreruineiit of Egypt on condition that the Divan would make « ucb a « M > ncession ; but at the same time it znus- be -observed , that m the eo&uitions proposed by Admirai Stopford there is not oue w »> rd of " hereditary government . " Feeling himself too weak to continue the unequal contest , the Pacha wisely conceces ail that is _ de aanoed of him . Bjt they must know little of iumau nature , who oui suppose that he will furgei the manner in which he h ±£ bten aiusedj insuli-ed , teflsd with , and betrayed .
MOROCCO . ( From a Corresponden ; of the Tunet . ) It appears tbat tbe French are trying to get up a quarrel with ihe Emperor of Morocco ( a second edition of that at A ; giers , and no doatwt with the same ultimate intention ?) , a conquest of whose fertile dominions wonld amply repay them for their expeaces and losses in Algeria . Tee pjsfaes ^ ion of Tangiers and tbe adjacent coast ( aud why act al = o Cent , notwithstanding its being now garriseaedby
Spaniards ) , wonld give them the command of t-. e rery entrance to the Mediterranean ; aad ia the sreat < rf a future war , it would prevent those supplies which during the last war we constantly reeerreil from Taugier and Tetnan for the garritun of Gibraltar , and , what was even of greater importance , for tbe fleet then blockading Cadiz , under Lord CoUingwood , without wiucb our ships could BOt bare continned there , aa they did , and but for which the glorious victory of Trafalgar might not iaTB been achieved .
.... As for the eatus belli of the French with Morocco , according to their « waBtat « neut , as published m The Tiv& * 9 t the 22 ud inst ., it was but a trifling affair , and if tbe Governor p £ - M ^ adqr t ag <**
sented to bastinado the Moor v . ho struck the Freuch merchant ( a Jew by the bye ) in front of the Consul nouse , as unreasonably demanded , instead of on tbe spot , as he ( the Governor ) offered to do , the Consul would have been at a loss to have found cause for further complaint . . y . »*««* - * _ ^ m . ^
? R 0 M OUS LOSDON CORKESPOJTDKKT . Wednesday , Dscember 30 th . Preparations . —There bas been considerable bustle among the household troops this wees , owing , it is said , to an expectation of their services being required on New Year ' s Day . A movement of some artillery also took place yerterday , at Woolwich , and tbe ordinary leave of absence among the police , which has heretofore been granted as a matter of courw , upon a brother constable undertaking to officiate as substitute fsr tbe party requiring the leave of absence , has been strictly refused . Rumours are current of the disturbed state of several rural districts , and of constant communications between th * Horse Guards and the Home Office : but beyond
tee fact of a few official messengers being dispatched during this week to various parts , nothing can be knqwu of tbe cause of this alarm , in high quarters . It is quite certain that the men of London nave not cau .-ed it ; for nothing can be more peaceable and prudent than their recent meetiDgs , or than the temper of the resolutions which are to guide the g rand demonstration on Monday Dext , which , in point of numbers , should the we atherprove congenial , is expected fully to equal the grand and memorable display of the Trades' Union procession some years since , when they petitioned for the restoration of the Dorchester labourers . The various collections , up to last night , continued to report favourably a * regarded the state of the finances .
The Drumven Marquis A « Ai . f !—On Saturday evening 3 ast , the Maiquis of Waterford might be s-. 'enin the vicinity of Drury-laue , accompanied by a host of ignoble comrades , of both sexes , and attended by a hackney cab , -which slowly followed his Lordship , as he reeled and staggered through the greets , pUying such " fantastic tricks" as to elicit the peculiar applause of his admirers . This noble specimen of hereuitary legislation could not be seen by tha police , vrtio managed always to be out ol the way of the numerous blackguard stoppages made upon resptctabie passengers at the early hour of iiiue in the evening . Ha-d this been a lab ' ourer , a mi > mb at the treadmill for him—and no mistake . rr \___ T » _ . t _ _ ^ t ; t \ i The Parks d the Christmas and
^ a > Ice . — Day Suuday , the ornamental grounds in Regents ' , St James ' s , and Hyde ParkB , presented an unusually gay ana aninmed appearance , considering the season ; while the reservoir and the Serpentine sustained their respective thousands of sliders , skaters , muff's , and mongrels . There wa . 3 the usual display uf ' huaian : ty " -mongeT 3 ; but several accidents occurred , notwithsi asding their precautions , and tbe exhibition of the warning-boards— - Dangerous . " Far more dangerous was it on those days , and throughout , the wevk , to perambulate some of ihe streets of the metropolis , on account of the frozen state of tbe pavement , and the snow hariug hidden the slides of schoolboys , whom the police ought to prevent from tkus endangering the iiinbs of pedestrian ? .
Apprehe * sio : s of more Coiners . —Information h » vi : ig been received by the poiica that a gang ot coiners were iu the habit of assembling at a house situate No . 3 , Church-street , St . Giles ' s , where they carried on an exu-usive trade , yesterday afternoon a party of constables proceeded thither , and burst into the house , wfien , on proceeding to tbe first floor front room , they discovered a man and woman seated before a lai' ^ e clear firo , which had a crucible and pot upon it , aud thtsy were in the act of melting a quantity of mo ; al . T ' . iey were surrounded by metal spoons , moulds , and implements for manufacturing counterfeit coin . On the officers entering the apartment , the man upset ihe pot ou the fire , ou which ihe female exclaimed " Jim , vou break it : " when
J ' . m threw down a mould of plaster of Paris and trampled upon it , but the i Sicers collected tr . A pieces , and on placing them together th ;_ y found that it corresponded with a hot base shilling , which had evidently been reoenily made in it . The whole of the implements were &eized , and the prisoners secured , out they made a violent resistance , especially the female , whom two constables could scarcely hold while two others were securing her . On searching the place , a quantity of ba ? e money was found coucealed under the flooring , and also a mould for thr purpose of manufacturing half-crowns . The prisoners were led from tbe nouse by the officers , who
were pursued by the prisoners' accomplices , from whom tLey met wiih sume rough usage ; but at length the coiners were placrd in a hackney coacb , and conveyed to the baT of Hatton Garden policeoffice , btfore Mr . Combe , where tfiey give their nsmes John Parkins and Ms . ria Wicks , aud the officers produced tha whole of the property which they had found in the place . The pri ^ ners ( the man atom " 22 , aud the woman , a diminutive person , 20 ) treated the matter with the greatest indifference , and said nothing in their defence . TL > -y were remanded uiitil communication could be had with the solicitor for the mint , and ultimately committed to the New Prison . Clerkeuwcil .
Singular Case of Ide-vtttt . —A ; Worship-street office , yesierday , Wm . Saint , a weaver , was charged with having , on the lOih March , 1839 , in company wi : li another man , who has not been apprehended , cut out of the loom of James Pratt , siik weaver , Club-row , Spitalfield 3 , twenty-four yards of silk , and with havins ou that occasion cut the arm of Elizabeth D-y ( Prut's sister ) wiih Borne sharp instrument . Jams ? Pratt proved that the silk was cut from the loum ; and his sister that , after sht Ttceivea the cut , .-he fainted from : oss of b ; ood . The wound was on her left arm , and she has since lost the u = e tif it . She was not able to identify tne prispucr ; bux a neighbour , named Fowler , who neard tae disturbance , was positive the pri- 'Catr
was one of the two men , having known him twelve years previously . This witness had a knife with aim , aud while he was trying to secure one of \ ht prisoners , his knife struck against something , ano i > n lookiDg at it after , he found it smeared with blood . The prisoner had a scar , as from a deep wound , under his ief ' t eye , and it was proved that he haa acknowledged receiving it in a scuffle in Cub-row . Mr . liiu ^ ham thought me chain oi evidence incomplete , a .: d the recognition of the prisoner after a iapse of twelve y ^ ars he considered too weak to justify him in sending the prisoner for trial . He was . therefore , discharged ; but immediately apprrheaded by the parish officers fur deseriing his wife and lamily Eiuce the period above referred to .
IN compnaijce with th& resolution of the Durham County Di-legate Meeting , published in our ' as :, and in consequence oi the demise of ' theNorthern Liberator , we hereby give notice , that on lionday n . ? xc , the 4 th inst ., an Agent from the Northern Sta- r-ffice , will attend at the Office of Messrs . France < k Co ., New 3 A ^ ent ? , Newcastle , at Twelve o'Clock , for the purpose of appointing a fit and proper person as correspondent for Newcastle and District . The appointment mnst be confirmed by a Public Meeting of the Working Clashes , before finally approved of ; we take this step as a guarantee against being hereafter taunted with the insertion of bad reports . The same a ^ ent wili attend at the office of Messrs . Williams and Bin . vs , SunderlaDd , on Tuesday , the 5 th , at Twelve o'Clock , to appoint a Correspondent for Durham .
HOUSEHOLDERS , LODGERS , HL'TSTERS , AND VAGRANTS . It is not enough fur the present enlightened state of society that one party shall proclaim thit Suffrage , another party tliat Suffrage , and a third party the o ; her Suffrages ; the people now require the why and ihe wherefore of all qnes'ions connected with ' . heir interest ; and , we much doubt , ignorant as they are , that they could be held together , as the Curu Law Kepealera are , by the hollow sound oi " cheap bread , cheap bread , " or , as the practical
gentlemen , by the btUowmg of " practicability , " aud " progressive Reform . " A flash in the pan does for ¦ tboso who only fire black cartridge ; the report is enough lor the ears of those who are satisfied with things as they are ; but , as we are expected lo hit tbe mark , and to bring down the game , we must load with ball . We have challenged the imperial press to a controversy upon the Suffrage question ; we have had no foe worthy of contending with ; but , anxious for battle , we will multiply all tLeir arguments as an opposing force , and level them with a single blow .
Let our maxims be borne in mind ; here they are . Universal Suffrage is the only fair standard , because it would disfranchise ihe viciuw , and ev / ranchite the the virtuous of all classes ; no other suffrage will . A Dad man may live in a fine intellectual h-o-u-s-e to vote out of , whilti the best may exist in ab-o-u-s-e to live in . Let this be borne in mind , and never lost sight of , that Universal Suffrage alone will make the tairiy-three of each vicious hundred blush and crouch before tho remaiaiDgg sixty-seven .
Let it be remembered that labour can more equitably represent all other species of property than al ] others unitedly can represent labour , because the large majority of the labourers will find it their intercjsi to protect equally with their own labour , thfct capital which but a small minority of their body could t \ er hope to acquire , so as to make themselves wholly independent of labour ; while it is the interest of capitalists , exclusively representing themselves , to reduce the price of labour . Thus capitalists have an interest in upholding their capital by the capricious and destructive sys"
tem of reducing labour , while labourers have an interest in upholding and protecting the capitalist ; that labour may be also thereby encouraged and protected . Household Suffrage is , in every way , vicious . It is vicious in its agitation , which is a mere decoy from tho real game ; ( there is no Household Suffrage party in the kingdom ) . It is vicious , because it would unite the two present antagonistic factious into one body of rich oppressors , while it would Bever the party of the people into four classes of the poor oppressed ; dependenthouseholders , lodgers , hut-holders , and houseless vagrants . It ia
vicious , because the h-o-u-s-e to be voted out of would be let to those alone who would be " reasonably deemed" sufficiently dependent upon the landlord , the master , or the employer , to vote as directed by his Parliamentary agent . It is vicious , because the very persons most independent in principle wouid be disfranchised by being excluded from the tenancy of a Parliamentary h-o-u-s-e . It is vicious , because the occupiers of Parliamentary houses would be a new and hungry brood , obliged to live on the industry , aud by the plunder , of lodgers , hut-holders , and houseless vagrants , because an exclusive party
must always have a " quid pro quo" and the exclusive electoral body could not be made subservient to the commands of the great plunderers , if they were uot allowed their own little goeB . If the wealthy play for heavy stakes at the national gambling table , their supporters mu 3 t be allowed to play " chicken hazard" at the little hells . Housebold Suffrage is vicious because it would disfranchise all soldiers , sailors , domestics , and policemen , which claases , although now rightly disfranchised , yet , when controlled by the national will , made subservient to tbe natiou' 8 laws , and taken from the
national ranks , would , by Universal Suffrage , constitute one of the most valuable combs of the national bee-hive . Household Suffrage would disfranchise many Parliamentary houses , or ( if the objectors to Universal Suffrage are as just as they profess themselvess to be ) it would throw the representation of largo numbers of men , in many instances , into the keeping of one woman . Thus , if women are excluded , as of right they should be to preserve harmony , all those large lodging houses throughout tbe empire , in most instances
kept by widows and elderly young ladies , would be disfranchised ; so would all hotelB and alehouses occupied by women , and they are numerous . Thus Mrs . Lawrence , who can trim Ripon with a Tory selvage , together with her va ^ retinue , would be nothing bettered by Household Suffrage . Household Suffrage would make a compact slave-class to the rich oppressor ' ^ hand , to be directed with ease and certainty ; it would make a poorhut-classfortheslave class and their masters to live upon , while it would increase the honorable and Rev . Mr . Battist Noel ' s
staff of royal and aristocratic gin drinkers , living without God and " without hope , " while royalty and aristocracy drew tbe revenue of luxury from their judiciously taxed vices , and the masters held them as a reserve from whence to draft recruitu for the hut-class . Household Suffrage , as regards Ireland , would either be a delusion or a pestilence ; a delusion by tbe Parliamentary h-o-u-s-e qualification , buch as white front ; green door and brass knocker ; gable seventeen and half feet high ; h-o-u-s-e , twenty feet by forty-five in the clear ; twenty couple of . rafters : double collar beams ; wall plates nine inches by
three ; two stories high , with a slave in the middle , and always a Protestant ono to support the Land and the Church . If not a delusion , and if shelter constituted suffrage in Ireland , in Euob case one million of the sl&ve clats would bo ( as the one million and upwards which constituted the 40 s . freeholders and their families were before ) swept from the face of the land and sent to augment the hut-class and Mr . Battist Noels , " without-God-and-without-bope-class" in this country . Household Suffrage would turn Ireland into a sheep walk and grass ground for fatting oxen , or feeding dairy cowe , unaer the management of
Protestant voters , who would support Church and State . When a ten pound beneficial interest derived from a lease cannot stop the aggressions of the blood-sucking , life-destroying , Protestant landlord ; when such a class has no guarantee for a tenure which constitutes a vote ; what guarantee would a poor miserable creature have who holes from day to day upon mere slavery and subserviency to a tyrant ' s will ? Whila one man's property constitutes another man ' s franchise , the property-man will have both rent and vote ; but does any fool , in his folly , suppose that a rich jobber ,
living upon what he can filch from labour , would make the odds a thousand to one against his trade . Let us have one instance , a happy one , from Fox Marshall ' s position , in such a caso . We take his slaughter-house , in which is to be represented , on tbe 20 th and 21 st , for the thousand and first time in this county , the tragi-comic-melodramatic popular extravaganza of the " Foxes at Fault ; or ^ Humbugs' Labour Lost . " We learn that one-third of this playhouse , with seats and scenery , stage , pit , gallery , and boxes , will accommodate eight thousand persons comfortably , that is , that the whole
would accommodate twenty-four thousand . Now , supposing machinery for working to occupy much more space than that for playing , and say that the whole will afford room for four thousand slaves , we would ask if Fox Mabshall is just the man to reserve for himself but one voice in four thousand and one , and upon the question of questions , the question of classlegislation , by which he ha 3 made his all ! Our answer is "Fudge . '—Apropos , we must glean what we can from the prospectus of the Goosery , and from that we learn that tbe interior is divided into sixty-six
sqnare 8 , and as the object ia to take fair opinion upon the subject , how many , in the first instance , do our readers suppose have been reserved for the Fox and Goose Club ! Only twenty-four squares , or two-fif lbs of the whole . Modest creatures 1—while the remaining three-fifihs are to be filled up by working men thus , stage 5 s , boxes 2 s , pit Is 6 d , gallery 6 d- This is a good earnest of tho point at which Household Suffrage would stop . Fivepewjc halfpenny under will be wholly unrepresented in the extravaganza . Well , but we go a little further , asd we find that the chop sticks , work alone upon the coop will cost . £ 500 . Now this will not be all ; buf supposing it is , we put it down at £ 5 ' Q , aRd then tbe twenty-four squares
sure to be filled with guests , to contain 3200 , aad pay a : the average of Is . 6 d . ; this makes £ 240 . Now multiply these sums together , and divide Fox Marshall ' s known love for the poer into them , and the quotient will give you the full value of Household Suffrage , which will be "Every man doing what be likes with his own . " Before we proceed further , let us have a specimen of the practical man ' s " practicability . " Danikl , in his last letter to Fox Marshall , Esq ., and the Fox and Goose Club . Esquires , speaks thus , and wo pray the attention of every reader to the practical manner iu which humbug haa been , systematically carried on by this incomparable juggler ; he says : —
"It would in a practical point of view be absolutely necessary for even the supporters of general suffrage ; eorcmonly , though very erroneously , called Universal Suffrage : I mean for tlie rt-asoning portion of the general Suffrige men to adopt tbe Household Suffrage in tbe first instance as tbe bisia of tbe new distribution of electoral districts . It would be easy to move masses of our manufacturing population from one district to another to be enumerated in a particular locality , and so to gain nnfairiy a greater number of representatives . This friatl could be prevented only by the tnumeritor requiring proof of a particular length ofresidenae before he tooi do * n any name ; but then
¦ I ' . - . ¦ ¦ the giving of that proof would afford an opportunity for partiality and for false testimony , and at all events would open a door to extensive fraud , and necessarily create great delay . Whereas the enumeration by houses in each district could be done rapidly and accurately ; could be checked and made perfectly right without any other evidence than tbat of the eye of the enumerator . There the houses stand . They could not be . removed , nor could they multiply their appearance by means of the railway or the coach . " - . ¦ ' ¦ '¦ , L
Now , in the first part , Dan abandons our plan of Universal Suffrage , because he chooses to make it a spurious thing between Universal and Household . In speaking of a check upen vast masses moving to different localities , he says : — " That it could be only be prevented by the enumerator requiring proof of a particular length of residence before he * took down the name . " Was ever such nonsense ? Why this proof of residence would constitute a Household , and not a Universal , qualification , Master " Practical . " Now then for the consummation of consummate ignorance , folly , kuavery , and " political practicability . " Dan adopts the Household basis , for the following reason : —
"WHEREAS THE ENUMERATION BY HOUSES IN EACH DISTRICT COULD BE DONE RAPIDLY AND ACCURATELY ; COULD BE CHECKED AND MADE PERFECTLY RIGHT WITHOUT ANY OTHER EVIDENCE THAN THAT OF THE EYE OF THE ENUMERATOR . THERE THE HOUSES STAND . THEY COULD NOT BE REMOVED , NOR COULD THEY MULTIPLY THEIR APPEARANCE BY MEANS OF THE RAILWAY AND THE COACH . "
This beggars practical description of practicability . It ' s even too funny to laugh at , but as we must eat our peck of dirt , we may as well have a good gulph and get tbi 9 large proportion down at once . Firstly , then as to the general question of " practiuability , " we Kt'ldom fiud any difficulty in the way of taxation even when the " without-God-and-without-hope-class" are to be caught in the " gin trap ; " where profit is there will taxation in some shape make its appearance . But now for Dan's " rapid and accurate enumeration without railway or coach . " Here then ia indeed justice brought homo to every man ' s door , and here we have the enumerator going from house to house , to qualify each householder ; and tliis Dan calls " rapid and accurate ; " while we
imagine that instead of railway or coach , Mr . Enumerator would require the help of a balloon . We should like to see Mr . Enumerator , or a score of them , after a " rapid and accurate" enumeration of Manchester aud district , or a portion of London , but more especially after an agricultural survey ; for , mind , his own eye is to do the job . Now we have Dan upon the hip ; he objects to Universal Suffrage , because a man may feign residence , and we presume he means that the same man may vote in a district not his own . Indeed , he says so . Was ever su , ch nonsense penned by " practical man . " One would really suppose that Universal Suffrage was the only principle in politics to which details could not be " practically" applied .
Now , what would Dan think of the following short clause : — " And be it enacted , that on the twentieth day of July in each year , every person entitled to vote for a Member of Parliament , shall receive from the parish officer of his parish , who , together with three resident magistrates , shall attend for that purposo , at the Registration Hall , ( blank ) number of voting plates , and that each applicant , if required , shall give proof of his age , and such other qualifications as are required by the National Charter . " Now , suppose three or more candidates in the
field , and supposo the " match-book , " as sporting men say , to close for entrance for the members ' plate upon tbe First of July , and suppose the colours , black , white , and green to represent the three candidates , and suppose the Government medalists or mechanics ordered , within the twenty days , to strike about the required number , taking care to have enough ; aud supposo the distribution to take place on the 20 : h , aud the election upon the following day , and tho plate to bear tho inscription of the locality thus : — " Bradford Parliamentary electoral district . " Now we should be glad to karn where the fraud could be . A Bradford voter could
not vote m any other district ; nor oould any voter vote out of his own district , and it ' forgery of tho die was found to be attempted , which it could scarcely be , these medals could bo cast for a farthing eacb , or less . Let them be so cast each year , with a varied mark , and they could not be counterfeited from the 20 th to the 21 st . Here > then , we at once stop the migration of the masses from one locality to another in quest of more representatives . In fact , this paragraph of Dan ' s would puzzle any roan , or body of men , save and except the " practical" members of the lloyal Loyal Repeal Association of Ireland , who , long accustomed to Dan ' s tropes , figures , metaphors , and conundrums , would not understand auything without a smack of the juggle . Dau is a mau in truth .
" Who for rhetoric cannot ope His mouth , but out there ilies a trope . " Before we take leave of the question of Household Suffrage for the present , we may just poiat to the countenances of twelve Whig worthies , and twelve Tory gentlemen , looking out of the windows of their landlady ' lodging-home , while the voters weregoing to the poll , or at four Radical sons of full age looking at a Whig or Tory father going to vote out of the house they all lived in ; what blessed domestic harmony would reign for evermore in the cottage circle , and how delighted would be the huUters , the " without-GoD-and-without-hopecommunity , " to learn from the " reasonably deemed " that they had done the job nicely in the dark ! No
no— " One fool makes many But the old fool is worst of any . " But , if tbe people are caught this time , it shall be with their eyes wide open , lor they nhall not be surprised for lack of honest watching , and a fearless sentinel to announce the approach of every enemy to the national cause . Hore we take leave of the Suffrage question for the present ; and now turn we to another point in the new extravagauza , — Triennial Parliaments . Before we give the
" practical " man ' s " practicability" upon this subject , just a word generally . Triennial Parliaments are approved of for their definitiveness ; that is , in common language , to let us know the worst at once . Now , we object to Triennial Parliaments for that very reason of all others . We object to them because they virtually constitute a three years' tenure , with a four years' actual dominion . Let us be plainly and distinctly understood . Suppose then an election for a Triennial Parliament to take place in July , 1840 , its legal and virtual tenure would be till July , 1843 , having sat through three
sessions , but inasmuch as laws seldom take effect till after the close of a session , the actual dominion of the Parliament would last till July , 1844 , being the earliest period at which any vice of its predecessors oould be cured by the new body . Let us take the evils against which wo contend as an example . The present Parliament was elected in July , 1837 ; we and the nation were heartily sick of it before the address was passed , and yet have we been for now three years and a half " pestered with ( his generation of vipers ;" and no act of its successor , if good , could give much relief till the close of next session . The
beginning and middle of a session is allotted to getting leave to bring in , aad ia manufacturing , laws ; the end is the time for their pro mulgition , and demand of obedience . Thus , then , 'Triennial Parliaments constitute a four years' legislative tenure ; and , observe , since Decembeiy , UVJ 2 , till now , eight years , we have had three Parlia ments , and we must have another very shortly—that will be four in eight years , or Biennial Parliamen tsand we have found the tenure ample for mischief-But we come to the science of politics , and we ho W that the whole machinery should harmonise ; that none of the parts should be out ot ' joint , or jar upon the hinges . To this effect , '
then , as corresponding with the present state of improvement and progression , Triennial Parliaments are an age , hay , a political eternity , as compared to Septennial Parliaments , as applicable to the slow coach , clod-pole , stand-still , old-fashioned , good old times . These were , we are told , all for the land ; be it so . There were fourteen important periods during the seven years—fourteen rent days ; while in the four years of our time there are twelve hundred work days , liable to be affected by some ¦ " ¦
sudden electrical improvement , whereby a whole industrious population may be left " without God and without hope . " We , therefore , object to Triennial Parliaments , because it is a backward step in the march of progression . But tbe practical man says that Annual Parliaments would lead to carelessness . Fudge ! We give Dan ' s whole paragraph upon Triennial Parliaments . We have read it one hundred times before ; but perhaps our readers have not . He says : —
" We heartily concur with you in the absolute necessity of shortening the duration of Parliaments . We Ceam Triennial Parliaments of jited duration preferable to any other term . If made to last longer it would tend to increase the independence of the member on tbe wishes and opinions of his constituents . If made shorter it would create a carelessness and apathy relative to elections "which , by being too frequent , wonld be considered trivial and of little importance . I think a three-years' term steers a very reasonable course between too lengthened and too short a duration . Besides , if any inconvenience were felt from tbe length of a Triennial Parliament , the people would have the power at the close of the three years to tlect men who would inMst on diminishing the duration of each Parliament . "
Now all the fun of this is in tbe last three lines , wherein a gentleman , who for forty years has been looking for moonshine , and tells us he cannot get it , yet assures us tbat , having Triennial Parliaments , once nothiag would be more eaay than to got the time shortened if the people pleased . Funny Dan , just as easy as you will find it to get your septennials to vote for cutting off four-sevenths of their existence . One time Dan tells us of the great difficulty in getting anything ; while the next , he says . " Ah ! now sure its only ask , and have I" funny Dan . Foregad Dan , we are only now beginning to
see the reasons why the Tory papers report you ; it is all for fun . You ' re a funny sowl , and we have a great notion of giving a column of you weekly , under the hsad " practical" drolleries Just a word as to the polite literature of Dan ' s letter . The suckling , the sweet tongued Dan , calls Col . Thompson " uncouth ! "' Ahem ! Dan's rough organ has been smoothed by the Downing-street furbisher . " Uuncouth ; " " an ounce of civet good apothecary . " And Dan calls Thompson " ungainly . " We" thank theo Jew for that word ; " there could not be a better applied by a vender of poltics to a man who would not condescend to hire his conscience .
We now conclude by objecting to Household Suffrage , because it would unite the whole class of capitalists into one body of rich oppressors , and divide the people into four rival classes—Dependent Household Voters , Independent Hutsters , Lodgers , and "withont-God-and-without-Hope-Class "—because it would destroy the tenure of houses in England , as the landed franchise has destroyed the tenure of land in Ireland ; because one man may build a franchise to any amount , and thereby frustrate the ends of justice ; because if the bouse is the noddle , it should vote black or white at once ,
and not black and white alternately , according to the owner ' s colour ; because one man's property never can be a fair representation of another man's colour ; and , above all , because it is advocated by a set of old delinquents , who mean it as a new juggle . We object to Triennial Parliaments , because if a Parliament , at the end of the second year , proved notoriously corrupt , the time of its expiration being thought so near at hand , would lead to CARELESSNESS as to its instant dissolution , and because new franchises being a cquired each year , in order to represent the whole public opinion , new
representatives should be elected , or the old ones re-elected . We object to the Ballot with any limited Suffrage . A thousand times have we said that the Ballot , with the present Suffrage , would be an individual shield against a general right of scrutiny into the disposal of a trust ; while the Ballot , with Universal Suffrage , would be a general protec ion against individual interference with tke disposal of a right . As long as mtn act as trustees , they must act openly for the investigation and satisfaction of those for whom they hold the trust . When every mau is his own trustee , then let him answer to himself alone
We therefore consider every man who is for the Ballot under existing circumstances , a dark lanthern assassin , a masked , hired ruffian . Even with Household Suffrage have the Ballot , and whilo the over-Beers and men are eating and getting drunk in Fox Marshall ' s slaughter-house , and in the other slaughter houses , with a bonus of five shillings ahead for staying away , the masters of the slaughter houses would be very comfortably balloting away at the election for the next year ' s contract for human flesh . A man's person is his title-deed , and our motto is Universal Suffrage and no Surrender .
TO THE " HOORES" OF ENGLAND . . The fairest and loveliest portions of creation are most potent in their influence . The intellect , the judgment , and the passions , of mankind are most fully swayed by that which excites vheir admiration and interests their affections ; hence the influence of women over the destinies and character of men ; aud hence our appeal , on this occasion , to tho " hoores " of England—the virtuous , patriotic wives and
sisters of the working men , tho noblest works of God , to come forward to our aid in rousing all the dormant and in quickening all the stirringenergies of operative Englishmen throughout the land ; that the traducer of our country women , the betrayer of our brethren , the flesh-merchant who has sold our children , should he dare to show his hideous form of foul depravity iu Yorkshire , may yet bo taught to blush , or , at least , made to crouch , before the front and dignity of an insulted people .
On the 26 th of this month , the National Committee of flesh-merchants meet , to weigh the blood , the sinews , and the flesh , of you and of your husbands , yourlovere , your lathers , and your brothers , for the jobbers in human kind . On the 20 th and 21 st , five days before the sale , a rlave show is advertised to take place in one of Marshall's slaughter-houses , at Leeds . We are
anxious that the slave class should respond fully to the summons of their drivers ; that they should , one and all , show themselves , and prove themselves to be a valuable cargo , sound wind and limb , able for work , and ready for action . Let them not forget that they are to be theu and there mustered by their masters for sale , and that the price bid for them will depend entirely upon the exhibition of their powers .
Wo have heard of a general who , in olden timesi being asked to sell his country , threw bis sword into the scale , as a counterpoise to the mass of gold bid for it as a price . We would to God that every working man could now do likewise . But though tbe men of Britain may have now no swords to throw into the scale of national justice , they have that which can alonemakeswords powerful—the stern evidence of honest judgment , and collective will . We implore then , then , to hasten to the market . Their souls and liberties are surely worthy of their own price ; and , if they but bid freely , competition will be powerless against them .
We have appealed already to the men ; we hate tried to place before them the importance and necessity of bestirring them , and we are sot devoid of faith in their patriotism . But , that assurance may be doubly sure , we turn to you—their better halves and dearer selves , the idols of their hearts ' affections , who , while your bosoms throb with generosity and pant for freedom , are forced , by the oppressor's laws , to give birth to slaves ; to you , who are formed by nature to assuage the grosser passions , and to Btir the deep affections of tbe heart to gti&t revives ; to you , whose constancy , endurance ,
and forbearance , sets to man the bright example of suffering patiently the evils which Almighty Pro . vidence makes unavoidable , but whose same virtues show him also how manfully to battle with affliction * to you , whose form , whose grace , whose kindness and whose generous feelings temper the rough mould of man , and bind him to a cool and steady purposewhose gentle admonitions , and whose wise advice do ever best mature his projects , because alwayi given with disinterested friendship ; to yon , whose peculiar province it is to watch over the household , the home-stead , and the cottage circle—whose mind , whose' word , whose smile should glad the father ' s mind , and make the mirthful brow look joyous , bat
whose tender hands were never made to weave the winding-sheet of liberty ; to you , we now appeal , — illustrious of our race—choioe subjects of the artist the poet , and the sculptor , when Nature ' s gems are to be set most rarely , and her sweet refinement faithfully portrayed ; you , we now invoke , who never yet have failed us ! Aided by your promptings , we have come " thus far into the bowela of the land . " Cheered . by your . ' smiles , your sons , your husbands , brothers , lovers , friends , have bravely , gone through all our previous skirmishes of a whole winter ' s furious campaign . They have carried a ' rl before them ; till of Chartism we may say , as Csesar said , " I came , I saw , I conquered . "
But bkvrmisbes serve not to try our strength effectually . The enemy have pitched their tents ; they have dared us to the issue of a set fight ; tkey have mustered all their mercenary forces , and beaten up all " their allies , even though of such questionable character as compel them , upon their own showing , to watch them at the work ; and with the aid of God ,- iht ) consciousness of our good cause , and your em&uragement , we will not baulk them .
It' under your banners we can show three hundred thoubaud free-born Englishmen , the tide of matters will be turned at once , and you will become Eubj <; cts of grave consideration and importance , eves ia the opening speech of the rich man ' s Queen ; for , bo assured , wives and mothers , that the show or the 20 ih will decide the sale on the 2 Cth . Bear well ia mind that this is no ordinary occasion ; the proceedings , upon St . Euglishwoman ' s day will furnish matter of comment and observation not merely for a county , a province , or a nation , but for the world J
Our existence as a party , a distinct and powerful party , has been denied : on the 20 : h we prove it . We owe this to the brave men of Norwich , Glasgow , Hull , Brighton , Ayr , Suffolk , Durham , Manchester , and other places where our brave friends have boldly met and nobly beaten the oppressor on his own threshold ; to them we owe this good return . They deserve it from us . Shall they have it , or shall Yorkshire lag behind in freedom ' s race ?
The press , the wealth , the hired strength , the book-learned , idle demagogue , the well-paid missionary , the profligate of all sorts , from the popularity-hunter to the money-seeker , from the master to the overseer , will be upon one side . The Star , the people , and liberty upon the other . Who shall win ! On the 20 th , every martyr worth having will be
in Leeds . Till that day , we hope the Committees will postpone the public entry of Richardson , Butterworth , Doyle , SuiTH , and the last batch of Whig Victims . We hope Williams and Binns will represent Durham , after their Whig feast in the skilly-shop . Scotland has already done its duty to the first lot of victims , it would not be fair to press them for delegates . They must send us M'Douall for the platform .
Such a position is not just the place we covet ; nor have we , upon slight occasions , made a practice of being personally prominent . We have tired patience by refusing invitation after invitation ; but we shall not now shrink from any service which the causa requires . » We give our pledge for one man ' s share of work . Let the country do its duty ; we will do oubs , and the enemy Khali tremble . Three hundred thousand blistered hands , and no fewer , must be that day lifted to haul down the flag of craft aud tyranny , and hoist the glorious motto of the Charter— " EQUAL RIGHTS . "
Let none fear to come . We defy the myrmidons of law . All will be rightly and constitutionally ordered . Let all come ; and , if any cannot , let them send their mite to furnish out thesinews of " this just and necessary war . " The receipts and disbursements shall be all published . Let . every town ia the Uuited Empire , at once , send us their opinions upon the subject , that we may lay them in form before the Leeds anti-Humbug Committee , for their guidance . Every town within eighty miles must send a dele ~ gate , and every man , woman , and boy , within six . and thirty miles , must come to the show .
We are upon the eve of another muster of the incurables and incorrigible * , from whom nothing can be had , save from their fears , and whose fears can be affected only by . a contemplation of the people ' s power . Women of England ' then , do now yoar duty . Virtuous wives and anxiyus mothers ! look to your sons and husbands ; sisters ! lead your brothers ; cheer all by your own presence at tbe show , and let the vile traducer of womanhood , and Blave-merchant of infancy , with the whole gang of foxes , bear , aa best they may , the withering glances of the " hoores" of England , with their sweethearts , sons , and hus ^ bands .
RICHARD OASTLER . The Mercury in his low-lifed spleen , would , as far as the creature either dare or could , still whisper away the character of the son of his patron . How prone nature is to make us hate the man who serves us . We should not have noticed the side wind blow of the frothy journal but for the attempt to make Oastler Thornhill ' s debtor without the means of re-payment . One word will set this matter at rest . Let the Mercury then state this fact to its spellers—Oastler was Thorkhill's debtor with Thounhill ' s full knowledge and consent , and even to a greater
amount than that for which the good and faithful steward is now in his grey hairs lodged in prison by the virtuous ¦ porting Thornhill . Yes , Oastler , as appears from Thornhill ' s own showing , was his debtor with consent of Thornhill ; and farther ; Oabtler was half-yearly liquidating the debt . However , as friend Mercury has , as is his custom , fallen short of the truth , let him take this . view of tbe case . The debt to Thornhill was contracted by Oastleb ' s battles for Thornhili against the Church , and in the frail endeavour to procure a good name for the head of the family
and Thornhill , knowing this , consented to receive Oastler- as a debtor , and promised to be a mild creditor ; but as soon as Oastler turned all bis thoughts to the advocacy of the poor's rights , and denunciation of aristocratic wrong , then did Thornhill , for the first time , transfer the account from the vanity-side to the vengeance-side of the ledger . U is acknowledged that no estate ia Yorkshire was better managed than Mr . Thornhill ' s , while under Richard Oastler ; he was steward for nearly nineteen years , and , without a family , left Fixby a beggar . But the foul-mouthed Mercury says » that high anticipations of sympathy and a large subscription induced Oastler to surrender his engagement for the chance . Oastler was no such
foel : be bad too many instances of public ingratitude before his eyes to prompt him to the vain hope ; for , when bare the people ever yet r enumerated tbe friend who has sacrificed most in their cause ! No , we regret to say , that , in this particular , the multitude very much resembles the Church , which is ever recipient , and never donative . Let the Mercurg bluster as he may , we tell him that Oastlbb in the Fleet is more respectable , and will be thought so byaUthdse rea 6 onably , deemed " qualified to judge , than our friend at large . We have said so much at present , and hope to lay before our readers , next Saturday , an easy method of performing the grateful task of releasing the father of the factory infant , the husband of the factory widow , and the friend of the faotory adult , the philanthropic , the consistent , the honest Oastleb , from the hands of his oppressor .
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The Jn T Okthek]S T Star. Saturday, January 2, 1841.
THE JN OKTHEK ] S STAR . SATURDAY , JANUARY 2 , 1841 .
Durham County Meeting.
DURHAM COUNTY MEETING .
= 2 = ^— THE NORTHERN STAR , - ; ¦ / : ¦ - . . ; . ; " . ' ' : " ^ - .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 2, 1841, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct360/page/4/