On this page
- Departments (3)
tftreisn antr ©eme-eftfe 5nt?ntg;*nee ^£lP r ft ^t 4t % _ — - ^b^A -_a^^ ^^Bha _ « m ~ *^v* ¦ **^ m
THE JN T OKTHEK]S T STAR. SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1841.
DURHAM COUNTY MEETING.
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
FRANCE . T ?« best new 8 is the introduction of a . legislative -tali for tt » protection of Factory Children . The or jjwi of the bill now before the Chamber of Deputies i £ \ o prorect children against both masters acd nrmte where ihew is an absence of proper feeling Jb win , and also to protect parents who love their « fspring , from being compelled by b&rd taskmasters to allow their children to work beyond their fair strength , as a © oadition of their being themselves enployed in factories . Another great object of the ill is to make education in all the manufacturing < fistricts iadjspensible a 3 a means of employment . Children are so ; to be employed if nader a certain age , nor can they be received at all without certificates of tfreir having received a certain degree of educ&tioB , « Jid masters are to be compelled to set side a certain period of the day in order that the ehildrca whom they employ may receire moral insfcrnetioa , and an education , fitted a ; least to their
postro * in society
SOUTR AMERICA . . . . Accounts from Meatevideo and Buenos Ayres « xhite a very extraordinary state of things , even in tfe «» long-distra ^ ied and much-divided country . Uader the absoiuttiigoveramen : of Rosas has sprung ¦ op a power m _ > re mischievous , because less response-We , than that of Vne " Moahorca Club , "' which by its secret murders has alarmed every mau of property or eonsea « ence in Buenos Avres for his peraonal safety . With the dangers which before threatened them , from tbe capricious acts oi' the Governor , and ihe probaViliiy oi a bomoaruuieui added to the blockade of the French fleet , the \ have now joined * third , of a Siill more terrible ascription . The Lonooe papers contain the following extracts firom private Jotters recently received : —
Montevideo , Sept . 23 , 1 & 10 . —It is said here io-day , that a messenger arrived here from Rivera to the government , with ir . t . ib ^ eiiLe that Ecnaque iad invaded the province of Corr-erues from Eitre Bios , at the bead of 3 , 000 men . and that Rivera iad sent ibr re ;; j ! orcemeDts of men and arms . Another report is current , that the French soluiers "who earns out with the ltte expedition ait- \ o be lauded at the Island of Mirnn" Garc-u , ' and one Tumour give * out , that a treaty has been entered into by ' ibis goyermneat ( Montevideo ) , and th * t of France ; the iavter advancing 25 3 OOU , O 00 f ., to be repaid in so many years , and in the interim tbe French are to occupy Colonia !
Bue ? os Atrks , Oct . 1 . —The French rerldents are one and all making off as fan as possible . Every < lay since the sailing of the picket there is a lit I of names asking passports of twenty and upwards , and tbat of this morning is longer clian any precidiag . The Trench are perfectly rght in so doing ; they oogh ; not to stay here cow . and it is probable few ioreigners of any nation will remain , unless some great change takes place . All are very much alarmed , and not without cause ; np to tbe present "the persons of Englishmen nave no ; been molested , ¦ bat certainly not their property , when required by ^ he Government . Imprisonments and as ? assina " .: ons proceed ; not a day pa ^ s ^ s but we bear of one , two , ¦ or more persons being ? cand with thnr throats cut . Of coarse it 13 quite too evident wh . u is the meaain ^
of all this , for in no instance has ir been a : tea-J-.-d " with robbery ; ihe money , watch , & . n ., r . ave b ? n invariably found upon the bodiu ; , ana all of them well xnd Tespecia ' oly dreaded people . It was currently reported yesterday that Lavalle had sealed Lopez , and was on bis return here again . On Sa' -urday last , about twenty shops were embargoed by the Government , l > elonging to persons considered Unitarios , but the « ame evening it was taken off , owing , some say , to the wind having changed , which has an effect upon oar lord and master ( Rusa 3 ); oth rs , on account of » letter sent by Mr . Mandeyille ( the Briti-h Minister ) , after an interview with an emisen ; English merchant , relative to some hides , on which he haa Advanced a large amount , a ?; d on which an embargo had been laid by the Governor Rosas .
On the 13 th of this month ( October ) it is expected that Rasas will be again re-elected Governor . " October S , 8 a . x . —I have now to eoimrmuieate continued scenes of barbarizes . Yt ? : rrday morning iive or £ ix persons ware found with their throa' . s cut ; two were shot at the Caartcl del Seresos . Poor Qaesada , formerly a colonel , ha- been murdered by them . This is most horrid work ! Not an hour passes without h « arrag of some one being assassinated . Numerous families daily most barbarously treated , tbe poor defenceless women slashed nnattercifaDy , and their clothing torn and cue ail to pieces , aad every article of their furniture broken np and completely smashed to atom ~! The vrholi towa is completely at the mercy of the Mas ' uorca elnb , which has cow become very nnmeronf : neither tbe chief of police aot A ^ sna cm say anyuiv .-. a against tbe acts of tiuse men , nor eau tifey £ -xerc ; te any aatbority over them .
1 p . m . —I am now told iha : Colonel Q ^ esida was last night taken a little way out of Vj > vu , and hid lu » throat cut . This is dreaitul ' . I am toid eleven Others were found this morning in the neighbourhood of Rivadavia ' s quinta . Some s » y as many as thirry offered last night . I can write no more ; these doings quite unman me . When shall we see an end of such dreadful atrocities ! October 5 . —Horrors aad assignation ? increase : everything ia m the bands of the Mashorca : Avacs * nd the chief of police have not a word to say . Qnesada ' s murder has exeilea muc ' . i disgust a-gains ; the Government . Mr . Mar . deville , the British Minister , when he applied to Avara on behalf of the tiotim , was assured be had been misinformed "; that Quesada had not been apprehended ; and liow tiiat the melancholy fact is established , Mr . Maiidevilie is greatly enraged at having been deceived by Avaaa All tne Briiish merchants are off by this packet .
I have afLain heard that the Minister strongty remonstrated with the Government . MojfTEViDEO , Oct . 13 . —The American commodore went up to Buenos Ayres on the lu : h , and , as be is % humane and gentlemanly man , anu much shocked at tbe perpewaiion of such unhtar-i-of craeUies , he has promised to u = e every kiSueLce his station may invest him vrita to indue * the Government V 3 put down the merciless perpetrators of these barbanties . The instructions of Admiral Makan have not been promulgated . He embaikeJ on Siiurday eveLing , the lCLh of October , aud immed'ately set out to Buenos Ayres . The epinioTi among' the French residents is general thus he will treat with Rosas . The admiral has given orders to have all ihe lauding companies ana thrfce-nuhs of ihe sailors on board each vessel exercised daily for six hours , and eertainly is preparing for war , though he may sue for peace .
The British frigate Stag , bearing the pendant of Commodore Suiiivan , in company with the Cur ^ eos and Grecian , sailed for Buenos Ayrts ias : nigh :. We have , therefore , some protection to Briti .-h subjects . Tne Southampton , 50 , is d ^ iiy eipf cicd with Admiral King ' s flag .
EGYPT AND TURKEY . The affair cf these countries are once more siic -to be " settled . '' Andtneyare ^ st : < Jei" as ino ; : British " settlements" are made , bv fraud and treachery . The solemn Convention concluded by the English Commodore has been ret at nough : ij Admiral S : opford , who declared that the Commodore had exceeded hi 3 powers . Many p ^ r ^ -iu- ^ blamed Mehemet Ali for harms placed so much ¦ confidence in the Conuaodore , and 1 ' tared that hi -would become the vioiiin of his candour . But although the Viceroy is a Tut ' k ., he -lues not doubt a person who speaks to him in the Jzn ^ aage of sn ionourabie man , and be would have surrendered -the Turkish fl . eet to tbe Commodore withou ; auy ^> ther securiry but Ms word of honour .
Contrary to every expectation , this new attack nas not shaken hi 3 courage . When he read Admiral fitopford ' s letter he re ' . akted his usual presence ol mind . u I am pained , " said he to his frieads , " at this proceeding , because it proves tha : my character is not appreciated . 1 offered long since to restore the Sultan ' s fleet , but the manner hi which I have been treated proves that my wurd is not believed . ind ^ iis faet wousds zny feeiicgs . " W . e Bee by the official documents that Mehemet Ali is obliged to surrender at discretion , the Allied
Powers only ensraging to secure hiai ihe Goreruineiit of Egypt on condition that the Divan would make « ucb a « M > ncession ; but at the same time it znus- be -observed , that m the eo&uitions proposed by Admirai Stopford there is not oue w »> rd of " hereditary government . " Feeling himself too weak to continue the unequal contest , the Pacha wisely conceces ail that is _ de aanoed of him . Bjt they must know little of iumau nature , who oui suppose that he will furgei the manner in which he h ±£ bten aiusedj insuli-ed , teflsd with , and betrayed .
MOROCCO . ( From a Corresponden ; of the Tunet . ) It appears tbat tbe French are trying to get up a quarrel with ihe Emperor of Morocco ( a second edition of that at A ; giers , and no doatwt with the same ultimate intention ?) , a conquest of whose fertile dominions wonld amply repay them for their expeaces and losses in Algeria . Tee pjsfaes ^ ion of Tangiers and tbe adjacent coast ( aud why act al = o Cent , notwithstanding its being now garriseaedby
Spaniards ) , wonld give them the command of t-. e rery entrance to the Mediterranean ; aad ia the sreat < rf a future war , it would prevent those supplies which during the last war we constantly reeerreil from Taugier and Tetnan for the garritun of Gibraltar , and , what was even of greater importance , for tbe fleet then blockading Cadiz , under Lord CoUingwood , without wiucb our ships could BOt bare continned there , aa they did , and but for which the glorious victory of Trafalgar might not iaTB been achieved .
.... As for the eatus belli of the French with Morocco , according to their « waBtat « neut , as published m The Tiv& * 9 t the 22 ud inst ., it was but a trifling affair , and if tbe Governor p £ - M ^ adqr t ag <**
sented to bastinado the Moor v . ho struck the Freuch merchant ( a Jew by the bye ) in front of the Consul nouse , as unreasonably demanded , instead of on tbe spot , as he ( the Governor ) offered to do , the Consul would have been at a loss to have found cause for further complaint . . y . »*««* - * _ ^ m . ^
? R 0 M OUS LOSDON CORKESPOJTDKKT . Wednesday , Dscember 30 th . Preparations . —There bas been considerable bustle among the household troops this wees , owing , it is said , to an expectation of their services being required on New Year ' s Day . A movement of some artillery also took place yerterday , at Woolwich , and tbe ordinary leave of absence among the police , which has heretofore been granted as a matter of courw , upon a brother constable undertaking to officiate as substitute fsr tbe party requiring the leave of absence , has been strictly refused . Rumours are current of the disturbed state of several rural districts , and of constant communications between th * Horse Guards and the Home Office : but beyond
tee fact of a few official messengers being dispatched during this week to various parts , nothing can be knqwu of tbe cause of this alarm , in high quarters . It is quite certain that the men of London nave not cau .-ed it ; for nothing can be more peaceable and prudent than their recent meetiDgs , or than the temper of the resolutions which are to guide the g rand demonstration on Monday Dext , which , in point of numbers , should the we atherprove congenial , is expected fully to equal the grand and memorable display of the Trades' Union procession some years since , when they petitioned for the restoration of the Dorchester labourers . The various collections , up to last night , continued to report favourably a * regarded the state of the finances .
The Drumven Marquis A « Ai . f !—On Saturday evening 3 ast , the Maiquis of Waterford might be s-. 'enin the vicinity of Drury-laue , accompanied by a host of ignoble comrades , of both sexes , and attended by a hackney cab , -which slowly followed his Lordship , as he reeled and staggered through the greets , pUying such " fantastic tricks" as to elicit the peculiar applause of his admirers . This noble specimen of hereuitary legislation could not be seen by tha police , vrtio managed always to be out ol the way of the numerous blackguard stoppages made upon resptctabie passengers at the early hour of iiiue in the evening . Ha-d this been a lab ' ourer , a mi > mb at the treadmill for him—and no mistake . rr \___ T » _ . t _ _ ^ t ; t \ i The Parks d the Christmas and
^ a > Ice . — Day Suuday , the ornamental grounds in Regents ' , St James ' s , and Hyde ParkB , presented an unusually gay ana aninmed appearance , considering the season ; while the reservoir and the Serpentine sustained their respective thousands of sliders , skaters , muff's , and mongrels . There wa . 3 the usual display uf ' huaian : ty " -mongeT 3 ; but several accidents occurred , notwithsi asding their precautions , and tbe exhibition of the warning-boards— - Dangerous . " Far more dangerous was it on those days , and throughout , the wevk , to perambulate some of ihe streets of the metropolis , on account of the frozen state of tbe pavement , and the snow hariug hidden the slides of schoolboys , whom the police ought to prevent from tkus endangering the iiinbs of pedestrian ? .
Apprehe * sio : s of more Coiners . —Information h » vi : ig been received by the poiica that a gang ot coiners were iu the habit of assembling at a house situate No . 3 , Church-street , St . Giles ' s , where they carried on an exu-usive trade , yesterday afternoon a party of constables proceeded thither , and burst into the house , wfien , on proceeding to tbe first floor front room , they discovered a man and woman seated before a lai' ^ e clear firo , which had a crucible and pot upon it , aud thtsy were in the act of melting a quantity of mo ; al . T ' . iey were surrounded by metal spoons , moulds , and implements for manufacturing counterfeit coin . On the officers entering the apartment , the man upset ihe pot ou the fire , ou which ihe female exclaimed " Jim , vou break it : " when
J ' . m threw down a mould of plaster of Paris and trampled upon it , but the i Sicers collected tr . A pieces , and on placing them together th ;_ y found that it corresponded with a hot base shilling , which had evidently been reoenily made in it . The whole of the implements were &eized , and the prisoners secured , out they made a violent resistance , especially the female , whom two constables could scarcely hold while two others were securing her . On searching the place , a quantity of ba ? e money was found coucealed under the flooring , and also a mould for thr purpose of manufacturing half-crowns . The prisoners were led from tbe nouse by the officers , who
were pursued by the prisoners' accomplices , from whom tLey met wiih sume rough usage ; but at length the coiners were placrd in a hackney coacb , and conveyed to the baT of Hatton Garden policeoffice , btfore Mr . Combe , where tfiey give their nsmes John Parkins and Ms . ria Wicks , aud the officers produced tha whole of the property which they had found in the place . The pri ^ ners ( the man atom " 22 , aud the woman , a diminutive person , 20 ) treated the matter with the greatest indifference , and said nothing in their defence . TL > -y were remanded uiitil communication could be had with the solicitor for the mint , and ultimately committed to the New Prison . Clerkeuwcil .
Singular Case of Ide-vtttt . —A ; Worship-street office , yesierday , Wm . Saint , a weaver , was charged with having , on the lOih March , 1839 , in company wi : li another man , who has not been apprehended , cut out of the loom of James Pratt , siik weaver , Club-row , Spitalfield 3 , twenty-four yards of silk , and with havins ou that occasion cut the arm of Elizabeth D-y ( Prut's sister ) wiih Borne sharp instrument . Jams ? Pratt proved that the silk was cut from the loum ; and his sister that , after sht Ttceivea the cut , .-he fainted from : oss of b ; ood . The wound was on her left arm , and she has since lost the u = e tif it . She was not able to identify tne prispucr ; bux a neighbour , named Fowler , who neard tae disturbance , was positive the pri- 'Catr
was one of the two men , having known him twelve years previously . This witness had a knife with aim , aud while he was trying to secure one of \ ht prisoners , his knife struck against something , ano i > n lookiDg at it after , he found it smeared with blood . The prisoner had a scar , as from a deep wound , under his ief ' t eye , and it was proved that he haa acknowledged receiving it in a scuffle in Cub-row . Mr . liiu ^ ham thought me chain oi evidence incomplete , a .: d the recognition of the prisoner after a iapse of twelve y ^ ars he considered too weak to justify him in sending the prisoner for trial . He was . therefore , discharged ; but immediately apprrheaded by the parish officers fur deseriing his wife and lamily Eiuce the period above referred to .
IN compnaijce with th& resolution of the Durham County Di-legate Meeting , published in our ' as :, and in consequence oi the demise of ' theNorthern Liberator , we hereby give notice , that on lionday n . ? xc , the 4 th inst ., an Agent from the Northern Sta- r-ffice , will attend at the Office of Messrs . France < k Co ., New 3 A ^ ent ? , Newcastle , at Twelve o'Clock , for the purpose of appointing a fit and proper person as correspondent for Newcastle and District . The appointment mnst be confirmed by a Public Meeting of the Working Clashes , before finally approved of ; we take this step as a guarantee against being hereafter taunted with the insertion of bad reports . The same a ^ ent wili attend at the office of Messrs . Williams and Bin . vs , SunderlaDd , on Tuesday , the 5 th , at Twelve o'Clock , to appoint a Correspondent for Durham .
HOUSEHOLDERS , LODGERS , HL'TSTERS , AND VAGRANTS . It is not enough fur the present enlightened state of society that one party shall proclaim thit Suffrage , another party tliat Suffrage , and a third party the o ; her Suffrages ; the people now require the why and ihe wherefore of all qnes'ions connected with ' . heir interest ; and , we much doubt , ignorant as they are , that they could be held together , as the Curu Law Kepealera are , by the hollow sound oi " cheap bread , cheap bread , " or , as the practical
gentlemen , by the btUowmg of " practicability , " aud " progressive Reform . " A flash in the pan does for ¦ tboso who only fire black cartridge ; the report is enough lor the ears of those who are satisfied with things as they are ; but , as we are expected lo hit tbe mark , and to bring down the game , we must load with ball . We have challenged the imperial press to a controversy upon the Suffrage question ; we have had no foe worthy of contending with ; but , anxious for battle , we will multiply all tLeir arguments as an opposing force , and level them with a single blow .
Let our maxims be borne in mind ; here they are . Universal Suffrage is the only fair standard , because it would disfranchise ihe viciuw , and ev / ranchite the the virtuous of all classes ; no other suffrage will . A Dad man may live in a fine intellectual h-o-u-s-e to vote out of , whilti the best may exist in ab-o-u-s-e to live in . Let this be borne in mind , and never lost sight of , that Universal Suffrage alone will make the tairiy-three of each vicious hundred blush and crouch before tho remaiaiDgg sixty-seven .
Let it be remembered that labour can more equitably represent all other species of property than al ] others unitedly can represent labour , because the large majority of the labourers will find it their intercjsi to protect equally with their own labour , thfct capital which but a small minority of their body could t \ er hope to acquire , so as to make themselves wholly independent of labour ; while it is the interest of capitalists , exclusively representing themselves , to reduce the price of labour . Thus capitalists have an interest in upholding their capital by the capricious and destructive sys"
tem of reducing labour , while labourers have an interest in upholding and protecting the capitalist ; that labour may be also thereby encouraged and protected . Household Suffrage is , in every way , vicious . It is vicious in its agitation , which is a mere decoy from tho real game ; ( there is no Household Suffrage party in the kingdom ) . It is vicious , because it would unite the two present antagonistic factious into one body of rich oppressors , while it would Bever the party of the people into four classes of the poor oppressed ; dependenthouseholders , lodgers , hut-holders , and houseless vagrants . It ia
vicious , because the h-o-u-s-e to be voted out of would be let to those alone who would be " reasonably deemed" sufficiently dependent upon the landlord , the master , or the employer , to vote as directed by his Parliamentary agent . It is vicious , because the very persons most independent in principle wouid be disfranchised by being excluded from the tenancy of a Parliamentary h-o-u-s-e . It is vicious , because the occupiers of Parliamentary houses would be a new and hungry brood , obliged to live on the industry , aud by the plunder , of lodgers , hut-holders , and houseless vagrants , because an exclusive party
must always have a " quid pro quo" and the exclusive electoral body could not be made subservient to the commands of the great plunderers , if they were uot allowed their own little goeB . If the wealthy play for heavy stakes at the national gambling table , their supporters mu 3 t be allowed to play " chicken hazard" at the little hells . Housebold Suffrage is vicious because it would disfranchise all soldiers , sailors , domestics , and policemen , which claases , although now rightly disfranchised , yet , when controlled by the national will , made subservient to tbe natiou' 8 laws , and taken from the
national ranks , would , by Universal Suffrage , constitute one of the most valuable combs of the national bee-hive . Household Suffrage would disfranchise many Parliamentary houses , or ( if the objectors to Universal Suffrage are as just as they profess themselvess to be ) it would throw the representation of largo numbers of men , in many instances , into the keeping of one woman . Thus , if women are excluded , as of right they should be to preserve harmony , all those large lodging houses throughout tbe empire , in most instances
kept by widows and elderly young ladies , would be disfranchised ; so would all hotelB and alehouses occupied by women , and they are numerous . Thus Mrs . Lawrence , who can trim Ripon with a Tory selvage , together with her va ^ retinue , would be nothing bettered by Household Suffrage . Household Suffrage would make a compact slave-class to the rich oppressor ' ^ hand , to be directed with ease and certainty ; it would make a poorhut-classfortheslave class and their masters to live upon , while it would increase the honorable and Rev . Mr . Battist Noel ' s
staff of royal and aristocratic gin drinkers , living without God and " without hope , " while royalty and aristocracy drew tbe revenue of luxury from their judiciously taxed vices , and the masters held them as a reserve from whence to draft recruitu for the hut-class . Household Suffrage , as regards Ireland , would either be a delusion or a pestilence ; a delusion by tbe Parliamentary h-o-u-s-e qualification , buch as white front ; green door and brass knocker ; gable seventeen and half feet high ; h-o-u-s-e , twenty feet by forty-five in the clear ; twenty couple of . rafters : double collar beams ; wall plates nine inches by
three ; two stories high , with a slave in the middle , and always a Protestant ono to support the Land and the Church . If not a delusion , and if shelter constituted suffrage in Ireland , in Euob case one million of the sl&ve clats would bo ( as the one million and upwards which constituted the 40 s . freeholders and their families were before ) swept from the face of the land and sent to augment the hut-class and Mr . Battist Noels , " without-God-and-without-bope-class" in this country . Household Suffrage would turn Ireland into a sheep walk and grass ground for fatting oxen , or feeding dairy cowe , unaer the management of
Protestant voters , who would support Church and State . When a ten pound beneficial interest derived from a lease cannot stop the aggressions of the blood-sucking , life-destroying , Protestant landlord ; when such a class has no guarantee for a tenure which constitutes a vote ; what guarantee would a poor miserable creature have who holes from day to day upon mere slavery and subserviency to a tyrant ' s will ? Whila one man's property constitutes another man ' s franchise , the property-man will have both rent and vote ; but does any fool , in his folly , suppose that a rich jobber ,
living upon what he can filch from labour , would make the odds a thousand to one against his trade . Let us have one instance , a happy one , from Fox Marshall ' s position , in such a caso . We take his slaughter-house , in which is to be represented , on tbe 20 th and 21 st , for the thousand and first time in this county , the tragi-comic-melodramatic popular extravaganza of the " Foxes at Fault ; or ^ Humbugs' Labour Lost . " We learn that one-third of this playhouse , with seats and scenery , stage , pit , gallery , and boxes , will accommodate eight thousand persons comfortably , that is , that the whole
would accommodate twenty-four thousand . Now , supposing machinery for working to occupy much more space than that for playing , and say that the whole will afford room for four thousand slaves , we would ask if Fox Mabshall is just the man to reserve for himself but one voice in four thousand and one , and upon the question of questions , the question of classlegislation , by which he ha 3 made his all ! Our answer is "Fudge . '—Apropos , we must glean what we can from the prospectus of the Goosery , and from that we learn that tbe interior is divided into sixty-six
sqnare 8 , and as the object ia to take fair opinion upon the subject , how many , in the first instance , do our readers suppose have been reserved for the Fox and Goose Club ! Only twenty-four squares , or two-fif lbs of the whole . Modest creatures 1—while the remaining three-fifihs are to be filled up by working men thus , stage 5 s , boxes 2 s , pit Is 6 d , gallery 6 d- This is a good earnest of tho point at which Household Suffrage would stop . Fivepewjc halfpenny under will be wholly unrepresented in the extravaganza . Well , but we go a little further , asd we find that the chop sticks , work alone upon the coop will cost . £ 500 . Now this will not be all ; buf supposing it is , we put it down at £ 5 ' Q , aRd then tbe twenty-four squares
sure to be filled with guests , to contain 3200 , aad pay a : the average of Is . 6 d . ; this makes £ 240 . Now multiply these sums together , and divide Fox Marshall ' s known love for the poer into them , and the quotient will give you the full value of Household Suffrage , which will be "Every man doing what be likes with his own . " Before we proceed further , let us have a specimen of the practical man ' s " practicability . " Danikl , in his last letter to Fox Marshall , Esq ., and the Fox and Goose Club . Esquires , speaks thus , and wo pray the attention of every reader to the practical manner iu which humbug haa been , systematically carried on by this incomparable juggler ; he says : —
"It would in a practical point of view be absolutely necessary for even the supporters of general suffrage ; eorcmonly , though very erroneously , called Universal Suffrage : I mean for tlie rt-asoning portion of the general Suffrige men to adopt tbe Household Suffrage in tbe first instance as tbe bisia of tbe new distribution of electoral districts . It would be easy to move masses of our manufacturing population from one district to another to be enumerated in a particular locality , and so to gain nnfairiy a greater number of representatives . This friatl could be prevented only by the tnumeritor requiring proof of a particular length ofresidenae before he tooi do * n any name ; but then
¦ I ' . - . ¦ ¦ the giving of that proof would afford an opportunity for partiality and for false testimony , and at all events would open a door to extensive fraud , and necessarily create great delay . Whereas the enumeration by houses in each district could be done rapidly and accurately ; could be checked and made perfectly right without any other evidence than tbat of the eye of the enumerator . There the houses stand . They could not be . removed , nor could they multiply their appearance by means of the railway or the coach . " - . ¦ ' ¦ '¦ , L
Now , in the first part , Dan abandons our plan of Universal Suffrage , because he chooses to make it a spurious thing between Universal and Household . In speaking of a check upen vast masses moving to different localities , he says : — " That it could be only be prevented by the enumerator requiring proof of a particular length of residence before he * took down the name . " Was ever such nonsense ? Why this proof of residence would constitute a Household , and not a Universal , qualification , Master " Practical . " Now then for the consummation of consummate ignorance , folly , kuavery , and " political practicability . " Dan adopts the Household basis , for the following reason : —
"WHEREAS THE ENUMERATION BY HOUSES IN EACH DISTRICT COULD BE DONE RAPIDLY AND ACCURATELY ; COULD BE CHECKED AND MADE PERFECTLY RIGHT WITHOUT ANY OTHER EVIDENCE THAN THAT OF THE EYE OF THE ENUMERATOR . THERE THE HOUSES STAND . THEY COULD NOT BE REMOVED , NOR COULD THEY MULTIPLY THEIR APPEARANCE BY MEANS OF THE RAILWAY AND THE COACH . "
This beggars practical description of practicability . It ' s even too funny to laugh at , but as we must eat our peck of dirt , we may as well have a good gulph and get tbi 9 large proportion down at once . Firstly , then as to the general question of " practiuability , " we Kt'ldom fiud any difficulty in the way of taxation even when the " without-God-and-without-hope-class" are to be caught in the " gin trap ; " where profit is there will taxation in some shape make its appearance . But now for Dan's " rapid and accurate enumeration without railway or coach . " Here then ia indeed justice brought homo to every man ' s door , and here we have the enumerator going from house to house , to qualify each householder ; and tliis Dan calls " rapid and accurate ; " while we
imagine that instead of railway or coach , Mr . Enumerator would require the help of a balloon . We should like to see Mr . Enumerator , or a score of them , after a " rapid and accurate" enumeration of Manchester aud district , or a portion of London , but more especially after an agricultural survey ; for , mind , his own eye is to do the job . Now we have Dan upon the hip ; he objects to Universal Suffrage , because a man may feign residence , and we presume he means that the same man may vote in a district not his own . Indeed , he says so . Was ever su , ch nonsense penned by " practical man . " One would really suppose that Universal Suffrage was the only principle in politics to which details could not be " practically" applied .
Now , what would Dan think of the following short clause : — " And be it enacted , that on the twentieth day of July in each year , every person entitled to vote for a Member of Parliament , shall receive from the parish officer of his parish , who , together with three resident magistrates , shall attend for that purposo , at the Registration Hall , ( blank ) number of voting plates , and that each applicant , if required , shall give proof of his age , and such other qualifications as are required by the National Charter . " Now , suppose three or more candidates in the
field , and supposo the " match-book , " as sporting men say , to close for entrance for the members ' plate upon tbe First of July , and suppose the colours , black , white , and green to represent the three candidates , and suppose the Government medalists or mechanics ordered , within the twenty days , to strike about the required number , taking care to have enough ; aud supposo the distribution to take place on the 20 : h , aud the election upon the following day , and tho plate to bear tho inscription of the locality thus : — " Bradford Parliamentary electoral district . " Now we should be glad to karn where the fraud could be . A Bradford voter could
not vote m any other district ; nor oould any voter vote out of his own district , and it ' forgery of tho die was found to be attempted , which it could scarcely be , these medals could bo cast for a farthing eacb , or less . Let them be so cast each year , with a varied mark , and they could not be counterfeited from the 20 th to the 21 st . Here > then , we at once stop the migration of the masses from one locality to another in quest of more representatives . In fact , this paragraph of Dan ' s would puzzle any roan , or body of men , save and except the " practical" members of the lloyal Loyal Repeal Association of Ireland , who , long accustomed to Dan ' s tropes , figures , metaphors , and conundrums , would not understand auything without a smack of the juggle . Dau is a mau in truth .
" Who for rhetoric cannot ope His mouth , but out there ilies a trope . " Before we take leave of the question of Household Suffrage for the present , we may just poiat to the countenances of twelve Whig worthies , and twelve Tory gentlemen , looking out of the windows of their landlady ' lodging-home , while the voters weregoing to the poll , or at four Radical sons of full age looking at a Whig or Tory father going to vote out of the house they all lived in ; what blessed domestic harmony would reign for evermore in the cottage circle , and how delighted would be the huUters , the " without-GoD-and-without-hopecommunity , " to learn from the " reasonably deemed " that they had done the job nicely in the dark ! No
no— " One fool makes many But the old fool is worst of any . " But , if tbe people are caught this time , it shall be with their eyes wide open , lor they nhall not be surprised for lack of honest watching , and a fearless sentinel to announce the approach of every enemy to the national cause . Hore we take leave of the Suffrage question for the present ; and now turn we to another point in the new extravagauza , — Triennial Parliaments . Before we give the
" practical " man ' s " practicability" upon this subject , just a word generally . Triennial Parliaments are approved of for their definitiveness ; that is , in common language , to let us know the worst at once . Now , we object to Triennial Parliaments for that very reason of all others . We object to them because they virtually constitute a three years' tenure , with a four years' actual dominion . Let us be plainly and distinctly understood . Suppose then an election for a Triennial Parliament to take place in July , 1840 , its legal and virtual tenure would be till July , 1843 , having sat through three
sessions , but inasmuch as laws seldom take effect till after the close of a session , the actual dominion of the Parliament would last till July , 1844 , being the earliest period at which any vice of its predecessors oould be cured by the new body . Let us take the evils against which wo contend as an example . The present Parliament was elected in July , 1837 ; we and the nation were heartily sick of it before the address was passed , and yet have we been for now three years and a half " pestered with ( his generation of vipers ;" and no act of its successor , if good , could give much relief till the close of next session . The
beginning and middle of a session is allotted to getting leave to bring in , aad ia manufacturing , laws ; the end is the time for their pro mulgition , and demand of obedience . Thus , then , 'Triennial Parliaments constitute a four years' legislative tenure ; and , observe , since Decembeiy , UVJ 2 , till now , eight years , we have had three Parlia ments , and we must have another very shortly—that will be four in eight years , or Biennial Parliamen tsand we have found the tenure ample for mischief-But we come to the science of politics , and we ho W that the whole machinery should harmonise ; that none of the parts should be out ot ' joint , or jar upon the hinges . To this effect , '
then , as corresponding with the present state of improvement and progression , Triennial Parliaments are an age , hay , a political eternity , as compared to Septennial Parliaments , as applicable to the slow coach , clod-pole , stand-still , old-fashioned , good old times . These were , we are told , all for the land ; be it so . There were fourteen important periods during the seven years—fourteen rent days ; while in the four years of our time there are twelve hundred work days , liable to be affected by some ¦ " ¦
sudden electrical improvement , whereby a whole industrious population may be left " without God and without hope . " We , therefore , object to Triennial Parliaments , because it is a backward step in the march of progression . But tbe practical man says that Annual Parliaments would lead to carelessness . Fudge ! We give Dan ' s whole paragraph upon Triennial Parliaments . We have read it one hundred times before ; but perhaps our readers have not . He says : —
" We heartily concur with you in the absolute necessity of shortening the duration of Parliaments . We Ceam Triennial Parliaments of jited duration preferable to any other term . If made to last longer it would tend to increase the independence of the member on tbe wishes and opinions of his constituents . If made shorter it would create a carelessness and apathy relative to elections "which , by being too frequent , wonld be considered trivial and of little importance . I think a three-years' term steers a very reasonable course between too lengthened and too short a duration . Besides , if any inconvenience were felt from tbe length of a Triennial Parliament , the people would have the power at the close of the three years to tlect men who would inMst on diminishing the duration of each Parliament . "
Now all the fun of this is in tbe last three lines , wherein a gentleman , who for forty years has been looking for moonshine , and tells us he cannot get it , yet assures us tbat , having Triennial Parliaments , once nothiag would be more eaay than to got the time shortened if the people pleased . Funny Dan , just as easy as you will find it to get your septennials to vote for cutting off four-sevenths of their existence . One time Dan tells us of the great difficulty in getting anything ; while the next , he says . " Ah ! now sure its only ask , and have I" funny Dan . Foregad Dan , we are only now beginning to
see the reasons why the Tory papers report you ; it is all for fun . You ' re a funny sowl , and we have a great notion of giving a column of you weekly , under the hsad " practical" drolleries Just a word as to the polite literature of Dan ' s letter . The suckling , the sweet tongued Dan , calls Col . Thompson " uncouth ! "' Ahem ! Dan's rough organ has been smoothed by the Downing-street furbisher . " Uuncouth ; " " an ounce of civet good apothecary . " And Dan calls Thompson " ungainly . " We" thank theo Jew for that word ; " there could not be a better applied by a vender of poltics to a man who would not condescend to hire his conscience .
We now conclude by objecting to Household Suffrage , because it would unite the whole class of capitalists into one body of rich oppressors , and divide the people into four rival classes—Dependent Household Voters , Independent Hutsters , Lodgers , and "withont-God-and-without-Hope-Class "—because it would destroy the tenure of houses in England , as the landed franchise has destroyed the tenure of land in Ireland ; because one man may build a franchise to any amount , and thereby frustrate the ends of justice ; because if the bouse is the noddle , it should vote black or white at once ,
and not black and white alternately , according to the owner ' s colour ; because one man's property never can be a fair representation of another man's colour ; and , above all , because it is advocated by a set of old delinquents , who mean it as a new juggle . We object to Triennial Parliaments , because if a Parliament , at the end of the second year , proved notoriously corrupt , the time of its expiration being thought so near at hand , would lead to CARELESSNESS as to its instant dissolution , and because new franchises being a cquired each year , in order to represent the whole public opinion , new
representatives should be elected , or the old ones re-elected . We object to the Ballot with any limited Suffrage . A thousand times have we said that the Ballot , with the present Suffrage , would be an individual shield against a general right of scrutiny into the disposal of a trust ; while the Ballot , with Universal Suffrage , would be a general protec ion against individual interference with tke disposal of a right . As long as mtn act as trustees , they must act openly for the investigation and satisfaction of those for whom they hold the trust . When every mau is his own trustee , then let him answer to himself alone
We therefore consider every man who is for the Ballot under existing circumstances , a dark lanthern assassin , a masked , hired ruffian . Even with Household Suffrage have the Ballot , and whilo the over-Beers and men are eating and getting drunk in Fox Marshall ' s slaughter-house , and in the other slaughter houses , with a bonus of five shillings ahead for staying away , the masters of the slaughter houses would be very comfortably balloting away at the election for the next year ' s contract for human flesh . A man's person is his title-deed , and our motto is Universal Suffrage and no Surrender .
TO THE " HOORES" OF ENGLAND . . The fairest and loveliest portions of creation are most potent in their influence . The intellect , the judgment , and the passions , of mankind are most fully swayed by that which excites vheir admiration and interests their affections ; hence the influence of women over the destinies and character of men ; aud hence our appeal , on this occasion , to tho " hoores " of England—the virtuous , patriotic wives and
sisters of the working men , tho noblest works of God , to come forward to our aid in rousing all the dormant and in quickening all the stirringenergies of operative Englishmen throughout the land ; that the traducer of our country women , the betrayer of our brethren , the flesh-merchant who has sold our children , should he dare to show his hideous form of foul depravity iu Yorkshire , may yet bo taught to blush , or , at least , made to crouch , before the front and dignity of an insulted people .
On the 26 th of this month , the National Committee of flesh-merchants meet , to weigh the blood , the sinews , and the flesh , of you and of your husbands , yourlovere , your lathers , and your brothers , for the jobbers in human kind . On the 20 th and 21 st , five days before the sale , a rlave show is advertised to take place in one of Marshall's slaughter-houses , at Leeds . We are
anxious that the slave class should respond fully to the summons of their drivers ; that they should , one and all , show themselves , and prove themselves to be a valuable cargo , sound wind and limb , able for work , and ready for action . Let them not forget that they are to be theu and there mustered by their masters for sale , and that the price bid for them will depend entirely upon the exhibition of their powers .
Wo have heard of a general who , in olden timesi being asked to sell his country , threw bis sword into the scale , as a counterpoise to the mass of gold bid for it as a price . We would to God that every working man could now do likewise . But though tbe men of Britain may have now no swords to throw into the scale of national justice , they have that which can alonemakeswords powerful—the stern evidence of honest judgment , and collective will . We implore then , then , to hasten to the market . Their souls and liberties are surely worthy of their own price ; and , if they but bid freely , competition will be powerless against them .
We have appealed already to the men ; we hate tried to place before them the importance and necessity of bestirring them , and we are sot devoid of faith in their patriotism . But , that assurance may be doubly sure , we turn to you—their better halves and dearer selves , the idols of their hearts ' affections , who , while your bosoms throb with generosity and pant for freedom , are forced , by the oppressor's laws , to give birth to slaves ; to you , who are formed by nature to assuage the grosser passions , and to Btir the deep affections of tbe heart to gti&t revives ; to you , whose constancy , endurance ,
and forbearance , sets to man the bright example of suffering patiently the evils which Almighty Pro . vidence makes unavoidable , but whose same virtues show him also how manfully to battle with affliction * to you , whose form , whose grace , whose kindness and whose generous feelings temper the rough mould of man , and bind him to a cool and steady purposewhose gentle admonitions , and whose wise advice do ever best mature his projects , because alwayi given with disinterested friendship ; to yon , whose peculiar province it is to watch over the household , the home-stead , and the cottage circle—whose mind , whose' word , whose smile should glad the father ' s mind , and make the mirthful brow look joyous , bat
whose tender hands were never made to weave the winding-sheet of liberty ; to you , we now appeal , — illustrious of our race—choioe subjects of the artist the poet , and the sculptor , when Nature ' s gems are to be set most rarely , and her sweet refinement faithfully portrayed ; you , we now invoke , who never yet have failed us ! Aided by your promptings , we have come " thus far into the bowela of the land . " Cheered . by your . ' smiles , your sons , your husbands , brothers , lovers , friends , have bravely , gone through all our previous skirmishes of a whole winter ' s furious campaign . They have carried a ' rl before them ; till of Chartism we may say , as Csesar said , " I came , I saw , I conquered . "
But bkvrmisbes serve not to try our strength effectually . The enemy have pitched their tents ; they have dared us to the issue of a set fight ; tkey have mustered all their mercenary forces , and beaten up all " their allies , even though of such questionable character as compel them , upon their own showing , to watch them at the work ; and with the aid of God ,- iht ) consciousness of our good cause , and your em&uragement , we will not baulk them .
It' under your banners we can show three hundred thoubaud free-born Englishmen , the tide of matters will be turned at once , and you will become Eubj <; cts of grave consideration and importance , eves ia the opening speech of the rich man ' s Queen ; for , bo assured , wives and mothers , that the show or the 20 ih will decide the sale on the 2 Cth . Bear well ia mind that this is no ordinary occasion ; the proceedings , upon St . Euglishwoman ' s day will furnish matter of comment and observation not merely for a county , a province , or a nation , but for the world J
Our existence as a party , a distinct and powerful party , has been denied : on the 20 : h we prove it . We owe this to the brave men of Norwich , Glasgow , Hull , Brighton , Ayr , Suffolk , Durham , Manchester , and other places where our brave friends have boldly met and nobly beaten the oppressor on his own threshold ; to them we owe this good return . They deserve it from us . Shall they have it , or shall Yorkshire lag behind in freedom ' s race ?
The press , the wealth , the hired strength , the book-learned , idle demagogue , the well-paid missionary , the profligate of all sorts , from the popularity-hunter to the money-seeker , from the master to the overseer , will be upon one side . The Star , the people , and liberty upon the other . Who shall win ! On the 20 th , every martyr worth having will be
in Leeds . Till that day , we hope the Committees will postpone the public entry of Richardson , Butterworth , Doyle , SuiTH , and the last batch of Whig Victims . We hope Williams and Binns will represent Durham , after their Whig feast in the skilly-shop . Scotland has already done its duty to the first lot of victims , it would not be fair to press them for delegates . They must send us M'Douall for the platform .
Such a position is not just the place we covet ; nor have we , upon slight occasions , made a practice of being personally prominent . We have tired patience by refusing invitation after invitation ; but we shall not now shrink from any service which the causa requires . » We give our pledge for one man ' s share of work . Let the country do its duty ; we will do oubs , and the enemy Khali tremble . Three hundred thousand blistered hands , and no fewer , must be that day lifted to haul down the flag of craft aud tyranny , and hoist the glorious motto of the Charter— " EQUAL RIGHTS . "
Let none fear to come . We defy the myrmidons of law . All will be rightly and constitutionally ordered . Let all come ; and , if any cannot , let them send their mite to furnish out thesinews of " this just and necessary war . " The receipts and disbursements shall be all published . Let . every town ia the Uuited Empire , at once , send us their opinions upon the subject , that we may lay them in form before the Leeds anti-Humbug Committee , for their guidance . Every town within eighty miles must send a dele ~ gate , and every man , woman , and boy , within six . and thirty miles , must come to the show .
We are upon the eve of another muster of the incurables and incorrigible * , from whom nothing can be had , save from their fears , and whose fears can be affected only by . a contemplation of the people ' s power . Women of England ' then , do now yoar duty . Virtuous wives and anxiyus mothers ! look to your sons and husbands ; sisters ! lead your brothers ; cheer all by your own presence at tbe show , and let the vile traducer of womanhood , and Blave-merchant of infancy , with the whole gang of foxes , bear , aa best they may , the withering glances of the " hoores" of England , with their sweethearts , sons , and hus ^ bands .
RICHARD OASTLER . The Mercury in his low-lifed spleen , would , as far as the creature either dare or could , still whisper away the character of the son of his patron . How prone nature is to make us hate the man who serves us . We should not have noticed the side wind blow of the frothy journal but for the attempt to make Oastler Thornhill ' s debtor without the means of re-payment . One word will set this matter at rest . Let the Mercury then state this fact to its spellers—Oastler was Thorkhill's debtor with Thounhill ' s full knowledge and consent , and even to a greater
amount than that for which the good and faithful steward is now in his grey hairs lodged in prison by the virtuous ¦ porting Thornhill . Yes , Oastler , as appears from Thornhill ' s own showing , was his debtor with consent of Thornhill ; and farther ; Oabtler was half-yearly liquidating the debt . However , as friend Mercury has , as is his custom , fallen short of the truth , let him take this . view of tbe case . The debt to Thornhill was contracted by Oastleb ' s battles for Thornhili against the Church , and in the frail endeavour to procure a good name for the head of the family
and Thornhill , knowing this , consented to receive Oastler- as a debtor , and promised to be a mild creditor ; but as soon as Oastler turned all bis thoughts to the advocacy of the poor's rights , and denunciation of aristocratic wrong , then did Thornhill , for the first time , transfer the account from the vanity-side to the vengeance-side of the ledger . U is acknowledged that no estate ia Yorkshire was better managed than Mr . Thornhill ' s , while under Richard Oastler ; he was steward for nearly nineteen years , and , without a family , left Fixby a beggar . But the foul-mouthed Mercury says » that high anticipations of sympathy and a large subscription induced Oastler to surrender his engagement for the chance . Oastler was no such
foel : be bad too many instances of public ingratitude before his eyes to prompt him to the vain hope ; for , when bare the people ever yet r enumerated tbe friend who has sacrificed most in their cause ! No , we regret to say , that , in this particular , the multitude very much resembles the Church , which is ever recipient , and never donative . Let the Mercurg bluster as he may , we tell him that Oastlbb in the Fleet is more respectable , and will be thought so byaUthdse rea 6 onably , deemed " qualified to judge , than our friend at large . We have said so much at present , and hope to lay before our readers , next Saturday , an easy method of performing the grateful task of releasing the father of the factory infant , the husband of the factory widow , and the friend of the faotory adult , the philanthropic , the consistent , the honest Oastleb , from the hands of his oppressor .
Tftreisn Antr ©Eme-Eftfe 5nt?Ntg;*Nee ^£Lp R Ft ^T 4t % _ — - ^B^A -_A^^ ^^Bha _ « M ~ *^V* ¦ **^ M
tftreisn antr © eme-eftfe 5 nt ? ntg ;* nee ^ £ lP r ft ^ t 4 t % _ — - ^ b ^ A - _ a ^^ ^^ Bha _ « m ~ *^ v * ¦ **^ m
The Jn T Okthek]S T Star. Saturday, January 2, 1841.
THE JN OKTHEK ] S STAR . SATURDAY , JANUARY 2 , 1841 .
Durham County Meeting.
DURHAM COUNTY MEETING .
= 2 = ^— THE NORTHERN STAR , - ; ¦ / : ¦ - . . ; . ; " . ' ' : " ^ - .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 2, 1841, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct360/page/4/