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FUNERAL ECONOMY! tlpHE CBSETEUY and GESEHAli FUNERAL CO';,. A PANY, united with SHIM-IBEEH'S VV fENT ¦¦ ¦ ' „ tovARY 3, 1846 * 1 THE NORTHERN STAR.
PBXEtt.U , CA1UU.\GE6, respectfully invi...
I respectfully request that the following leader, and
my letter relative to the restoration of...
THE NORTHERN STAR. SATURDAY, JANUARY 3,1810.
THE CHANGE-ITS CAUSE. KNOWLEDGESETS EFFE...
' THE LAND. After consultation with my b...
THE CORN LAWS, THE QUARTERLY REVIEW, AND...
THE ARREST OF Mil. O'HLGGINS. We announc...
MINISTERIAL CHANGES. We have authority t...
fits Calling out of the Militia.—The let...
Co mafcm $ Corresyjcifocnte
Our want of space compelled us to omit t...
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Funeral Economy! Tlphe Cbseteuy And Gesehali Funeral Co';,. A Pany, United With Shim-Ibeeh's Vv Fent ¦¦ ¦ ' „ Tovary 3, 1846 * 1 The Northern Star.
FUNERAL ECONOMY ! tlpHE CBSETEUY and GESEHAli FUNERAL CO' ; ,. A PANY , united with SHIM-IBEEH'S VV fENT ¦¦ ¦ ' „ tovARY 3 , 1846 * 1 THE NORTHERN STAR .
Pbxett.U , Ca1uu.\Ge6, Respectfully Invi...
PBXEtt . U , CA 1 UU . \ GE 6 , respectfully invite p'iohc attsn-31011 to tUeecoaouMC and convenientarran ^ -jwents for pL-rfonning every aescript-oB of FiiiiernlPeouil ) icte ,.-itchaiy ' .-. < so moderate as to defy co-. npetitioa , andno extras , by which ¦ l ie comfort of bereaved families will he tnuttiiaVij promoted , and expenses limited . City-road , Pinsbury , licit BanhHl-SVsds Bariai-grouud ; 21 , rw . y-street , Tottenham-court-rcad ; sud 130 , Duiou-street , Svuthwark . SbuHbecr ' s Patent Funeral Carriage , with two horses , £ l lis ! 6 d- ; Single Horse , £ 1 Is . A respectable Carriage Funer . il , rombiuing every thu-ge , £ i 4 s . Hearses and 3 ! 6 nra 5 ng Coaches . CatbeSc fittings . Four Horse ranerals , £ U ! lJs .
UNITED TRADES' ASSOCIATION FOR THE EMPLOYMENT OF LABOUR IX AGUICUL'imiE AMD MANUFACTURES . ( Provisionally registered . ) OiSce , 30 , Hyds-street , Eloomsbury . London . Present jmiposet ^ capital , £ 100 . 000 in 20 , 000 shares of £ 3 eaeb .
EXTRAORDINARY ECONOMY TO TEA DRINKERS . THE DESIRE OF EXGLAXO . —ThePIQUAPLAST , now sold at 3 s . ( id . per lb ., is three times the strength of tea , and is also equal in flavour , more delicate in taste , nfiuitely mow healthy , as is proved by physicians and Chemists of high standing , also by persons in great uuin-Itrs with tie most delicate lungs and stomachs . It is most pleasant and invigorating , and is recommended to the debilitated for its invaluable qualities , to advanced age for its strengthening properties , aud to the public generally for its moderate price aud intrinsic excellence . Tas Test . —The proof of the efficacy and healthful effect of the plant in preference to tea or coffee : —Let a jiervous or dyspeptic patient use two or three cups of strong tea upon retiring to rest , and the effect will be silght-nutte , disturbed sleep , and other violent symptoms ot indigestions , & c .
4 , -KGIWLiiS COOP £ iS . THS CHARTIST'S WORKS . THE PURGATORY OF SUICIDES . ' A Prison Rhyme In Ten Books . ( One Vol ., 7 s : 6 d . ) i " The most wonderful effort of intellectual power ^ ro dueed within the last century . " — Tho Britannia , "We hail tlie writer as a now pewcrin the World of poetry , the ruler of a new domain , as yet but little known , but which the public cannot fail to , recognise , whew its kings of thought shall put on . their singing robes , and with fresh voice and sou > speak its praises to the world . " —Sentinel . " 'flic hook possesses mind- —mind which make itself felt aud understood , aud w ^ ich , therefore , demands respect . —Athenxum .
COLOSSKU-M . -NOTICE .-PItICE OF ADMISSION DURING TiiE HOLIDAYS ' . ' . Day Exhibition 2 s . EvcuingDo . is . GJ . Children under Twelve ... ; Is . Stalactite Caverns Is . extra , THE DAY EXHIBITION consists of the Museum of Sculpture , Grand Picture of London , Alhambra Conservatories , Gorgeous Gothic Aviary , Classic Ruins , Swiss CotUige and Mont Blanc , with Mountain Torrent , & c . ic . Open from Ten till Four o'Clock . EVEXIXG . —The new and extraordinary Panorama » f Losnox itv Xight , Museum of Sculpture , Conservatories , and Gorgeous Gothic Aviary , & c , brilliantly illuminated ; Swiss Cottage , Mont Blanc , aud Mountain Torrent represented by Moonlight . Open from Seven till a Quarterpast Ten o'Ciock .
DAGUERREOTYPE AND OALO'IYPE . THE APPARATUS , LEXS , CHEMICALS , PLATES , CASES , and every other article used in making and mounting the above can be had ef J . Egertou , Xo . 1 , Temple-street , Whitefriars , Loudon . Descriptive Catalogues gratis . LEKEBOURS celebrated ACHROMATIC TRIPLET LEXSES for the MICROSCOPE , sent to any part of the country at the following price : —Deep Power , 60 s ., Low Power , 23 s . Every article warranted .
TO ALL WHO CAN'T PAY ! IMMEDIATE Protection , and a prompt and safe final discharge , without the intervention of a Prison or au Attorney . A discharge to Debtors is now imperative , feecause Imprisonment for Debt is now penal , ¦ m > t rcinedTaL—Debtors of all grades will be benefitted by applying forthwith to Jchn S . Benstead , Hi , Basiughall-street , near the Court of Bankruptcy , London .
DUNCOMBE AND DENMAN . EfGHT SPLENDID EXGRAVISGS are given in OLD MOORE'S SHEET ALMAXACK for 184 G , including Portraits of the Lord Chief Justice Denmau , and ol T . S . Duncombe , Esq ., M . P . for Finsbury . Price One Penuy , or sent postage free , Threepence . London , Cleave , Shots-lane ; Hey wood , Manchester ; Guest , Birraiugham ; Love , Glavgow ; Frcmau , Xeivcastle-on-Tyiie ; and all agents for the Star throughout the country .
TO TAILORS . By approbation of Her Most Excellent Majesty Queen Victoria and His Royal Highness Prince Albert . THE LOXDOX and PARIS FASHIONS for Winter , 1 S 45 and 19 'C , by READ and Co ., K , Hart-street , Bloorasbury-square , London ; Btvger , Holy well-street , Strand , Loudon , and may be had of all Booksellers wheresoever . residing ; a very superb Priut , represeniLig the most splendid exhibition iu Europe , an Interior View of the Colosseum Regent ' s-park , Load « n . This exquisitely executed ' and beautifully coloured Print will be accompanied withfuUiize Dress , Frock , and Riding Coat Patterns ; also , Patterns oftheXcw Fashionable Polka Frock , and Locomotive
DANCE MUSIC FOR CHRISTMAS . —NEW MUSIC FOR PIANOFORTE .
CHT CHALtTlS'D HAT-Lj ; U 1 , TURNAG ^ LN-LANE ,. aUNNfikSTREET , s T SNOW-HILL . HB jhavtists of the Metropolis and the Public ' gtuu .. rally are respectfully informed that a ' Third " tfiesof EIGHT LECTURES Will be delivered in the above commodious hall , to commence on Sunday Evening , 4 th of January , lSlti , by
I Respectfully Request That The Following Leader, And
I respectfully request that the following leader , and
My Letter Relative To The Restoration Of...
my letter relative to the restoration of Frost , Williams , and Jones , may be read at all places where Chartists congregate ; and that we may have a response to the letter next week . F rVflnvvnn
The Northern Star. Saturday, January 3,1810.
THE NORTHERN STAR . SATURDAY , JANUARY 3 , 1810 .
The Change-Its Cause. Knowledgesets Effe...
THE CHANGE-ITS CAUSE . KNOWLEDGESETS EFFECT . As we are now entering upon a new year , and one whose results promise to exceed thoseof former years in the same ratio as the knowledge of the morrow -may turn the wisdom of to-day into mere speculative presumption , it is worth while to cast a retrospective glance at the past , and to venture a conjecture on the future . We do not then hazard too mttch in predicting a change of no ordinary nature . Not such a change perhaps , as the improved and active genius of the present times may warrant—not such a change as will at once convince the world of the cause that lias produced it , but such a change as will mark ministerial and party confession of the giant horror that knowledge presents to the tyrant dominion of
ignorance . A change that will unveil the mystery of kings , the impiety of religion , the superiority of wealth , the romance of loyalty , the fiction of legitimacy , the sanctity of error , the assumption of the press , the usurpation of an old , aud the foul dominion of a new aristocracy , the ascendancy of the idle , the inferiority of the industrious , the inequality of the law , the
pomp of office and the glare of power , the musket ' s strength and the bludgeon's authority , the force of Toryism aud the fraud of Whiggery , the prejudice of long established error and the folly of old established rule , remnants of barbarous times , area )] , one and ail , about to vanish before the majesty of right ; the genius which proclaims man ' s equality in the eye of the law , and stamps the idle only with a brand of inferiority .
Tlie mind of the prc-: ent age is civilised , while tlie laws that control it are barbarous . The struggle of t ' : ic day is the contention of knowledge against prejudice , obsolete and out of fashion , except as found embodied in the musty records of the wo-a out past . Those laws against which new rights , new powers , new authority , and new necessities are now struggling , are the laws of kings and priests , and are an emanation from , and typical of , the barbarous mind of olden times . In those days when the maxim was nut only tolerated , but admitted , that kings ruled by right divine , and priests were their vice-gerents upon earth—the knowledge of the old world was wurped to kingly aud priestly purposes . There was knowledge , it is true , but that knowledge was never
allowed to pass the limits in which io was intended its exercise should circumscribe the rights of the throne aud the conventicle . The priests of old stood foreMost in the ranks of education and of knowledge , but they used them as the assassin uses the daggerto take vengeance or achieve power—to persuade or coerce . Where they failed to conciliate by the shadow , which was the word , they triumphed by the substance , which was the faggot . Laws were made for them and by them . They tolerated in kings as much power as marked their own supremacy , but there it stopped ,- and when ever monarchical power appeared to he the embodyraent of the national will , then no more reverence was paid to monarchy than to the foul monster democracy .
For many a long year fresh knowledge , new knowledge , that knowledge which could best govern new circumstances , has been wrestling with the declining monster , aud at length it has snatched the dagger from the assassin's hand , and plunged it into the assassin ' s breast . Tiv . th has slain falsehood , simplicity has overthrown mystery , the prejudice of the past has faded before the convictions of the present . Now , it is this thing , knowledge , that is looking for the recognition of its power in the embodyment of
its laws ; and while it walks straight in that course to which the living minds of all admit its right , it is met in its progress by the styles , the turnpikes , tiic dead walls , the ramparts , the bulwarks , and the landmarks of ancient ignorance , dominion , and misrule . And while the minister himself says onward , the dumb watchman ( the law ) warns the intruder , and motions him backward . The mind says onward , but the law , pointing to those barriers , cries backward— " Thus far sbalt thou go , but no farther . "
The change , then , must be in the law : and the difficulty that any minister will experience iu effecting this great object , will be the fruitless attempt to extract such concessions from present interests and prejudices , as will satisfy present requirements . Every attempt has been made and has failed . Every attempt will be made , and will fail , which goes no farther than the satisfying the strong of the moment by the sacrifice of the weak . The landlords may be fed upon the church , the manufacturers may be feasted upon the landlords , the throne may be exalted while the cottage becomes debased , and yet this graduated scale of sacrifice will fail to give satisfaction to any , until , at length , all that is sound , all that have interests to protect , must be called into council to devise means for the achievement of the
general object . This snapping up of ministriesthis rapid succession of speculative progress—this coming in and going out—resignation and restoration , is a tacit confession of the impossibility longer to continue the dominion of class . In no change , whether political or social , have the people of any country recognised tlieir share , or apportion of their share , except iu those countries where the land , which is the property of all , 1 ms been conferred , by the change , upon all . France , bv its revolution , gained more than England by its Reform Bill . True , the peasant was governed bv
the bayonet instead of by the law , but then the bayonet destroyed the law of primogeniture , and distributed the land amongst the people , while the r eformed Constitution of England , which professed to give the vote , but led to the coercion , starvation , and subjugation of the people . The change that is now sought , then , is such a representation of the present mind as will equitably , not equally , distribute the present national resources of the country , and the cause that will lead to the change , the unjust
distribution of those resources under class legislation , and the spirit of that cause is knowledge . That change which proclaimed the substitution of the ascendancy of capital for tlu dominion of priestcraft ; that change which proclaims thelanded feast of the capitalis t- —that change which proclaims the mere transfer of power from the fat hand of the bullock feeder to the LOKG LANK fingers of the slave driver , however it mav , fop a Beaton , secure the ascendancy of party , will not be ri
The Change-Its Cause. Knowledgesets Effe...
ceive ; u as the rightful 'triump h of knowledge . How tftcn liave . we . prbciaimed . tha Jact ,. tkat with , nin . ety nine out of a hundred classes represented in the S tape , while the industrious classes are um-opreaented , confusion , dissatisfaction , and strife , even among the represented , must be the result ; while labour being fie source of all wealth , IF ALONE represented , could not fail to do justice to all . Capital will ever be represented in its power . Labour should hold the dominion of the law to insure the balance between the two estates .
The change which we proclaim , upon the first day of the year , to be at hand , may be made one of revolution , or of concession ; but , from one or the other , it must result . And if to the former it owes its triumph , which God " for efend , " the criminal that should . stand at the bar , charged with all tlie horrors that may follow , should bo the corrupt , the false , the venal press of the factions . They see , and they know that there is an undercurrent sapping old prejudices , while they withhold a knowledge ol this essential fact from those who , deprived of it , must legislate in the dark , while , if apprised of its
growing power , they might be inclined to make timely concessions to its will . But no , the gatherings of monopolists and protectionists are faithfully chronicled , the sayings of the mere units of faction are elaborately paraded , while not a single comment is offered upon the movement of the multitude . It is this unnatural warring of the elements that will cause tlie great political earthquake , that threatens to shake society to its centre . It is the disregard of t ! o . * 3 ash from the public will , that denotes the thunder of the public voice , that will assuredly follow , tliat may convert wholesome change into terrible revolution .
It is the impossibility of the interested capitalist making laws for the protection of labour , which is his battle-ground , that has stood in the way of all ministers , and it is that over which Sir Itouur . T Publ must triumph , or before which ke must fall ; for labour will not , cannot , must not , be conquered . Labour ' s battle once begun , Bequeathed from bleeding sire to sou , Tho' baffled oft is always won .
' The Land. After Consultation With My B...
' THE LAND . After consultation with my brother directors , I find that it is their opinion that the subscriptions from those localities heretofore transmitted to the General Secretary , and accustomed to correspond with him , had better be continued through the same channel ; indeed , there is no difference as to th e monies being sent to me , or to Mr . Wheeler . The principal thing that I aim at , is to enforce the necessity of making all orders , to whosoever sent , payable to Mr . Roberts , as a different course entails endless trouble upon me . Fbakous O'Connor .
The Corn Laws, The Quarterly Review, And...
THE CORN LAWS , THE QUARTERLY REVIEW , AND THE TIMES . The monthly artillery is beginning to pour its heavy shot into the flimsy breastwork of the daily press . The last number of the Quarterly Review has rather clumsily embodied our several predictions as to what the result of a repeal of the Corn Laws must be , and the Times , in its attempt to spike the great Conservative gun , has so overloaded its own pop-gun , as literally to cause dismay and discomfiture in the
ranks of the undisciplined volunteers of free trade , of which our daily co-temporary is the undisciplined drill-serjeant . The bombardment of the Quarterly , and the squibs of the Times , are much too lengthy for publication in a weekly newspaper , and , however we may quarrel with the clumsy mode in which the < 2 u « rterJu has used our arguments , yet we defy any , but the wilfully stupid , to read the reply of the Times without coming to the conclusion that that journal has not even yet seen the length of its own nose into the question of free trade .
The Times became a convert from necessity , and would now become an advocate from despair . The Quarterly has very foolishly made the bluudcrings of Lord Charles Russell , Mr . Ex-Chancellor Baking , and Lord Brougham , tlie ground work of sonic agricultural speculation , and the consistency or raving oi Lord John Russell matter of observation ; and the Times , passing over the weighty arguments of the
Quarterly a & avust free trade , takes up the cudgels to belabour three of the Quarterly ' s giants , and to defen .
"A million quarters of' wheat is thepresent average importation , and no opening of ports , or any other device of man , even if we were willing to pay £ 3 a quarter , can increase that importation except in ; a certain known mul VERY LIMITED HA 110 . But , even , if U were probable , jihy should it be so shocking a prospect ? Now we ask the sane man of twenty-one years of ago , the man to whom the Charter would give the vote , if he ever read such rubbish , even newspaper rubbish , as the above passage ; and we ask . those who have been so loud in their advocacy of free trade , if their
principle ever received such a MORTAL WOUND from the hand of its greatest opponent . Now mark the reasoning—that the present annual importation from abroad is about" one million quarters , and no opening of the ports , or any other device of man , could increase that amount beyond a very LIMITED RATIO , even if we paid £ 5 a quarter premium . " What then , and has it come to this , and is free trade in reality , after all its promised blessings , to end in annual scarcity , annual apprehension , . national reliance upon foreign clemency , and IN NO EXTENSION OF TRADE at all ? Now we throw Lord
Charles Husskll , Mr . Ex-Chancellor Baking , Lord IlitocGiiAM , and even Lord John , overboard . We have nothing to do with the miscalculations of the three former , or with the misconceptions of the latter . We might very fairly base our apprehensions upon failure iu the wheat crop , and use the reasoning of tlie Times to show that even then , with that single casualty staring us in the face , we had been made dependent for an extra demand beyond what was in the power of other countries to supply . But we shall take the more reasonable stand , and assert that , although tlie 2 , 000 , 000 acres of Lord Charles Russell , which he says would be thrown out of cultivation by a repeal
of the Corn Laws , and the 8 , 000 , 000 acres . heroically speculated upon by SLASHING HARltY , may be a wild and extravagant conjecture , that at . Icast 300 , 000 acres in England , 000 , 000 in . Ireland , and 200 , 000 in Scotland , would be thrown out of cultivation DURING THE STRUGGLE . Mind , that ' s the rub—and then let us see how the matter would stand , * Those million of acres , at an average of three-quarters to the acre , being thrown out of wheat cultivation , would leave an annual deficiency of 3 , 000 , 000 quarters , which , added to the average deficiency of one million quarters , would leave a CERTAIN DEFICIENCY of four million quarters , while the Times assures us that a premium of £ 5 a
quarter could only secure a very limited addition to the average importation of a million quarters annually . Now , then , what becomes of free trade ? where are its benefits ? What is the triumph—the people ' s triumph , that is to be eked out of the change 1 It willlie found in those alterations which a repeal ef the Corn Laws must inevitably enforce-, and which have been repeated by us within the last eleven years , in
every possible shape in which words can present them and in which the Qmrterlu Reviewed , other publications are now beginning o see them . Our speech at Muldleton , in 1839 , wherein we described what must lie the inevitable result of a repeal of the Corn Laws appears to have formed the grouiuWk for the article in the Quarterly in 1815 . We select some oi the consequences which the Quarterly NOW anticipates from the change . We give them in
succession : — Bat to comeback to trade : has any one endeavoured to uMfee , urn , , ikalhacc been laid oat in this mpln 0 tejauhof these protective duties , Lo * al the plant , as it u uiiH qj to rn *! , ami nek top , m lints of inuUtu .
The Corn Laws, The Quarterly Review, And...
Consider to nMons of capital incested in the dead weiy I of those innumerable trades , and then say who mil ) dare to attempt («•> overthrow these goodly , these wugaifwent mrks * fe « to ^ fc J ^>« W * » * tyy *; . «* w " * T * population by thi chaotic iartl ' pmh o ; wfiat u «< i- ' - « P ™' trade ; of which in its ultimate , or eeen Us immcdv . de *»„ , « .. quences , its adnoc'Ucs have no more idea than the h '^ cr , who overhead his oven , lo supply his eitsuwiera , «* ' thai he was about to bum down tin city of London . We repeat it , the agriculturists are no doubt in front of ' the battle , and in the first peril , but the ultimate daiijja is [ S'M greater for themana' factoring classes , tufto , when deprivation of work , «»< l eonsequenl famine , veiMy come , \ cill not have even -the poor resources thai \ U impoverished fields supply , but w ' M cither die of hunger or disease in those gigantic bhek holes called manufacturing towns .
If , as there c « u he w > doubt , the plains of the Vistula , the Dnieper , awl the Mississippi could , if there were «¦ regular demand , fee-i all England at very low prices , wc co . nnol deny that wc should soon be altogether fed by forcignwhcat—tlmt is , be docmed to foreign subjection wlienevcr those i / oueriiiiiente should thinkproper to exert even a passive resistance against vs . We beg to assure the Quarterly that lands much more contiguous to home than those on the banks of Dnieper , tlie Mississippi , and the Vistula , would supply , at a comparatively insignificant cost , any
amount required for English consumption , while we admit that the cheaper land and cheaper labour , in far distant UNTAXED COUNTRIES , would furnish its quota of competitive production at a much lower cost than E-. giish farmers could grow it AT PRESENT RENTS , or than our nearer neighbours could supply it . But after all , not only all the surplus of all the countries in the world , but what can be speculated upon—upon the mere presumption of remuneration , would find its way to the WEALTHY MARKET . The Quarterly proceeds
To which must be added the abject and yzt contented con-Man , of the pcusant , lofto , till these wct / uuisliMe tracts oj country— but more important still , the amount of British poor rate , mid comity rate , and tlie £ 8 v 0 , 000 , « 00 of debt , for which the soil of England is , as it were , morlg-iged . No , h is not in the nature of things that any com / itiisatioii couW be made for these enormous difficulties , these , we assert , irresistible dangers . Such are the extracts from the Quarterly , and the Times sums up the predictions of its antagonist in the following unmistakable language : —
Assaeuttiug this ancient , sublime , and romantic sltdingscale , with our " existing institutions , " he asserts that a repeal will be a " new revolution . " This much used , if not nweh abused term , ean only mean a fundamental changesuch a change , for example , as would separate church and stale , or alter the basis of the monarchy . The writer is true to hisprO'i ' isc : he shows that he means this , and a good deal Hire . Old rcuoliitions toiwfc the sovereign or the clergy , or perhaps a few boroughs and corporations . This , however , taiU overthrow "the church and state , " " landowners , farmers , and labourers , " " manufacturers of all classes , " and spread to the solid earth ilsdf , will render the island one vast wiklerness , on which the whole population sit down and perish , not because , like Higar , they liave spent their water and their bread , lal because lite country is absolutely 0 < iei ;)! oK ) i" 9 wiifc foreign cim , and thert is more than the whole population with their utmostexcrlion can possibly eat .
There , reader , that s from the Times ; a sneer from the Thunderer . It is the summary of free trado results , and we adopt it , whole and entire , as our own . It is something new to hear the organ ol the altar , the throne , and the cottage , speaking oi revolution as mere fundamental change , which
SEPARATES THE CHURCH FROM THE STATE , and ALTEKS THE BASIS OF THE . MO NARCHY . This is , in truth , putting a smiling countenance upon the gr im outcast , and giving to the revolutionist an honoured standing in society . The Thunderer sneers at a people starving in the midst of abundance ; but have we not seen operatives naked iu the midst of their own production ?—the children of shoemakors barefoot ?—the families of pastry cooks without a meal ?—the blacksmith's horse unshod . ?—the people of Ireland starving in
seasons when potatoes have been turned into manure in consequence of their abundance ? Have we not read of the agricultural labourers of Dorsetshire starving in the midst of their own produce , and always lowly in proportion as it was valueless , because cheap ; and we now repeat , that the surplus of the wui-ld , nay , some of the actual requirements of our nearest neighbours , being brought into speculative competition in the wealthy market of England , will starve tlie agricultural labourer , and make the manufacturing operative a shxv : —a machine , in the hands of the slave-ma & ter .
During the sittings of the Chartist convention wc repeated our old opinions as to the inevitable result of a repeal of the Corn Laws , when Mr . West observed , that if the change was to separate Church from State , sponge the debt , and shake the throne itself , that he should like to know upon what grounds we could oppose the measure ; to which we replied , that UNDER EXISTING CIRCUMSTANCES , the free trade wind that shook the Church and
wrecked the State , would not blow a single CHURCH PLUMB or STATE PLUMB into the mouth of Mr . Wkstoi- his order ; while in their poverty they should bear all the blows of wealthy faction , until proper adjustment had defined the share of the several orders from the change . This explanation was received with cheers and laughter , and to it . we still adhere , confirmed in the notion that privileged property will ever be an over-match for unprotected labour , untilbotharc EQ . U AL UNDER THE LAW
and EQUALLY REPRESENTED IN THE HOUSE OF COMMONS .
The Arrest Of Mil. O'Hlggins. We Announc...
THE ARREST OF Mil . O'HLGGINS . We announced in tho Stur of Saturday last , the arrest of Mr . O'Hiooiss , by the Dublin authorities , on a trumped-up" and ridiculous charge of sedition . From what transpired at the police-oliiee , there is no manner of doubt but that the arrest of Mr . O'Hiooixs , and the intended prosecution of that gentleman , have beau at the . instigation of Mr . O'Connell . Tlie paper or placard upon which the charge of sedition-is founded , will appear to every unprejudiced mind to bear a construction very different I ' roiu that which Mr . CTCoxnell has put upon it .
The hatred of the O'Connell staff against Mr . O ' lhooiss arises . out of the simple fact , that he knows the character of every man of them ; and as they cannot assail him , and being vulnerable themselves , they tear and hate him . His honesty and straightforwardness is a reproach to . them . Never tlicless , hq has frionds aiul '" sincere ones , too , even , we uclievej - ttimmg the members of the Repeat Asso . ciation . That Mr . " 0 'Cos . \ Eu instigated the government to the present prosecution of hi * old friend will appear plain enough by the following extracts from his speeches : — On Monday , the Ifth November , Mr . O'Connell , in alluding to the document in question ,
said—I now call the attention of the meeting to u document transmitted to me by post this morning . It is headed , "Landlords and Tenants—Turning Tenants Out . " It is au exceedingly . well printed paper , and purports to be printed by It . and J . Pilkington , Turustyle , Holborn . In it the strongest possible argument is used , to itiduee Untenants to murder their landlords . ( Hear , hear . ) Thi * hideous paper has been sometime iu Inland . Some persons hav » seen it distributed in the northern parts of this county , at Knldoyle , especially to the labourers employed ou the railway . A copy of it came into the hands of Mr .
Arkims , ' who was atile-tirtrace it to tlie person that cireulatfld it , " tliat person bo . ' ng a stranger . The moment I saw it , U'otXr . Avkhis to go to the Castle with it , to the ComurissKmeas of lV . ice , and he left it there accordmgly , and , accordingly , they took not a single step with respect to it from that day to this . ( Cries of " Shame . " ) Nothing can be worse ; I will deposit this with Mr . lliiv and move that it be referred to the committee , to see if we can trace it out , as the police and the government seem to be idle upon the subject . I move " That this document boreterml ( o the committee . " The resolution was put and carried *
. Ilowcan any man , possessed of one particle oi honourable or manly feeling , continue a member of a committee thus converted into a " Detective police V > O'Goiiman Makon said , and offered to pm-o , that O ' Connell gave information against him as a Terry Alt , for the purpose of depriving him of tlie representation of his native county Clare ! lie willed loud and long for the blood of the O'Connors , tlie Stephens , and the Oa , tlers : b « t more especially for the blood of the innocent cotton-spinneiy of G lasgow . And now he thirsts for the blood of his old Iriemi , O ' iii-rgins , which will be seen dearly enough , when the sworn
iiilonnations of Arkins and others come below tin public . At the next weekly meeting he brought for ward the subject again .
The Arrest Of Mil. O'Hlggins. We Announc...
On the 2 ith ulJ t ' uUo ,: ( 3 cc fyeeman . of the 25 th ) , Mr . O ' Connell sa \ d — ' : ' ^ ' ; ' ; J *'" "' Tha ^ \ vbiie on bis legs he would cull the attention of - "A association to " the fact that , on that flay fortnight , he felt it to be ins iluty to denounce certain infamous doeumMit-ahWHi-bill which appeared to h » vebeen printed oylt . and J . PJMcii « ton , Great Turnsiyle , Holborn , ton-, Un . It was a document which he felt it tobe his duty to denounce , because it incited tenants to ftowMMiim . lion of their landlords . Two other copies of this doe ,:-nunt were that morning found posted on the doors of . he Conciliation-hall , with this remark appended :-The above is ai . exceedingly well printed document Daniel O'Connell . See Freeman's Journal , 17 th instant . One ., i the documents ro posted , had been sent by him ( Xi ,
. O'Connell ) to the police authorities , in order to ascertain whether the matter might not have been investigated , with n view to the exposure and punishment of the authors . He had a very strong suspicion , however , tb » t the .. -uiltv parties were some of those policemen known by the names of Detector * . ' ( Hear , hear . ) "e might be wrong , but he had a very strong impression to that elhet . The fact of the matter was , that printers knew eaen other's type just as well as one ma ., knew the h and writing of another , aud if proper iaquirU * were institute , there could not be the slightest difficulty in finding out whether the Messrs . Pilkingtoi . ' s were or were not the printers ot the document . He trusted it woi » H be looked into I he
circumstance of its having been posted on the pillars ot the Conciliation-hall only enabled him to caution the people against the spies and informers who had the villany to concoct such a document , and to take such a step tor iU publication . ( Hear , hear , bear . ) He hoped Hint some true hearted and intelligent man would lay hold of the miscreants , and so become real detectives , which was a great desideratum . ( Hear , hear . ) He would not read out this vile document for the association for lie could not think of being in any degree instrumental iu circulating it , or in making it more generally known than it was at preseiit . Lust week he had handed n copy of it to the government n-p < rter , and the copy which remained any one connected with the police , who chose to apply for it ,
might have . Now , then , would not any man imagine that this must be a most atrocious document . Let the reader turn to the report of the Devon Commission , and the letters of the Times Commissioner , and see if he cannot find in these s omething very like the document about which Mr . O'Connell has made such an outcry . Here . follows the document referred to by Mr . O'Connell , aud which we published some weeks
since : — 1 ASDLOIIDS AND TKfANTS . —TYKANTS TURN . IXG TESAKTS OUT . Question : Has a landlord the rig ht to turn a tenant out of bis holding or farm ? Answer : He has , when tbe land is let on fair and reasonable kvms , and the tenant nvglecu his farm , or does not pay the rent . Question : Has the landlord the right to turn out the tenant without first paying him in full for alibis outlay iu building , reclaiming , manuring , enclosing , draining , ifce ., ice .
Answer : No ; the landlord has no such right , it would be robbing the tenant to take the hind from him without first having paid him the full value of these improvements , and also compensation for the cost and loss iucuired by removing to another place , even to a settlement in America , "if he chose to go there , i ' ecnuse , when a tenant is deprived of his land , whether by the cupidity , whim , or tyranny of his landlord , he has nothing to live on , and consequently becomes either a burthen to society , or he , his wife aud children , die of want , which is too often the case ; and , thereiore , the landlord is to all intents and purposes guilty of causing the death of uiiofi '« ndiiig men , women , and children . Question : When ii tenant increases the value of the laud , by reclaiming , building , enclosing , manuring , draining , & c , has the landlord a right to charge the tenant a higher rent on tlie t . vpiration of the lease , in uonsequcKee of the increased value of the land by the labour bestowed upon it by the tenant ?
Answer : No , most certainly not : because the increased value of tbe land was caused entirely and exclusively by the labour , toil , care , skill , industry , and outlay of the tenant , and not by any act or thing done to the lain ) by the landlord ; therefore , he who charges an increased rent robs the tenant of the reward of his labuur , And it is written that such conduct fries to heaven for vengeance ! Questien : What would be said of the man who would give a rough block of mahogany to a cabinet maker to make a chest of drawers , aim when he had made them , the owner of the block charged him for making them instead of paying him ? Answer : Tlie owner of the block would be called a resile , and tlie uabinct maker could make him pay .
Question : \\ hat is the diiterenee between the conduct of tlie landlord who charges an additional rent , mostly double the amount , to a tenant for rough land which he has reclaimed and made fair and fruitiul , and the man who charged the cabinet maker for making the drawers , instead of paying him ? Aus . ver : The conduct of the landlord is worse by far than that of the owner of the block ; because the poor tenant cannot go to law with ids landlord ; he must either submit to the fraud or be turned out and die . lie cannot carry the land with him . It is stationary : there it remains . The cabinet maker can carry bis trade and bis tools with him any where ; aud can also keep the chest of drawers till lie is paid .
Landlords , kneel down , and pray to God to fill your hearts with a sens * of justice . Ask of Him to inspire you wiib the feeling and desire , to "do unto others as you would be done by . " Bear in mind the fate of the Hun . garian tyrants , and bow Moses slew the E gyptian oppressor , and buried him in the sand . Ask yourselves , oa bended Knees , how you would like t » live * on rotten potatoes for the next three months . A Li . NL > u > aD who ioves Justice .
Ministerial Changes. We Have Authority T...
MINISTERIAL CHANGES . We have authority to announce the followin * changes in the construction of Sir It . Peel ' s "oVernment : — The Duke of Bucclcuch will succeed the late Lord iViianiclift ' o as President of the Council . Lord Eilenboromrh will return to office as First Lord oi the Admiralty . Lord Haddington has accepted tlie Piiw Seal in room of tbe Duke of Buccleucu . —ZV » i « . "
Fits Calling Out Of The Militia.—The Let...
fits Calling out of the Militia . —The letters which we lately published of the Secretary of State tor the Home Department and of the Secretary at War leave no doubt of the intention of the Government as to the enrolment of them . litui for immediate service . It n-aist be understood that the militia will not on this occasion be raised , as incorrectly stated a , short time since , by beat of drum , but according to the . old system of ballot—a process which no ° ono above the age ol twenty-one need Hatter himself that he can avoid ; therefore , Che sooner that the establishment ot militia clubs for oroviding substitutes ia uesun the better . It appears that of the number first onrolea in a single district—say Susscx-one-third
wi he called ou tor duty tor three years , when they will be discharged . ( each man bavin ? the option of volunteering uno the line ) , and will not again be required lor at least six years . It is understood by those connected with the militia , that Government have not determined upon enrolitnu that bod v throu-h any tear of war , but with the view of afford in" the Canadas , New Zealand , ami other portions of the ctJlotiies additional military force . The attendance of those enrolled will consequently be continually required at the barracks for the above-mentioned period . llie barracks , 0 t course , in which the army on 1 omc service arc now stationed , will be occupied bv the nuhtia troops . —Standard .
Co Mafcm $ Corresyjcifocnte
Co mafcm $ Corresyjcifocnte
Our Want Of Space Compelled Us To Omit T...
Our want of space compelled us to omit the followi . ie kit week : — " . VisTinuir Patriots' aso Ksiles ' Widows and CaiwHss ' . Fcws—i i * g to acknowledge the receipt of H . s . from Mr . John Gr « v , of Bnrnkv ; anu 2 s . from Mr . Robtusou , Camp , I ' rescot . * - Ihojus Coops * , Secretary , m , liluckfriars-road .-« r . Cooper also most respectfull y requests that the two committees will meet hint at his house , 134 . Dlavkiriars-road , next Monday evening , January 5 th , at eight o ' clock . Death , t ruest , and l ' uiuic Vvseum of Wnicenv we must postpone till next week . We ! lau uo uotioll when wc announced our intention of commemoratingthis sad catastrophe of the expense and time it would require to do justice to the memory and muatm of the-AeeeaKd monster . Next week , however , we shall do justice , ample justice , to our departed friend flic Land Coxfehekoe and Ciumist Convention - L * ™ V " " WeWd " itU tlltf UM » V '
u . ! . , .-Hugsexpressed from all parts as to the result of h ^^ ^ convention and forbear publishing ttw ^^^ t solutions that pourm from all parts , from the diivjrent localities expressing a determination to pay all the exncnse . \\ e require more , we require an immediate tund to enable us to scour tbe country , mid to arouse the country for the next fortni ght for the restoration of i ve-st , Vi illiaiiis , and Jones . The Laxu . —I ' tutu Carrington aud other places wc have received very sensible letters , containing recommendations to the iliiectars , which our friends mav rest assured shall not be lost sight of . We mav also observe that all the objects of district location will be aehierfd by the prest nt machinery , as the m , i ; t sanguine cannot anticipate the rapidity with which ths process of location will go on ; anil hence the greater inclination of those who draw shares to surrender a present inconvenience for future convenience—that is the
abandonment ot u pri / . v in an unsuitable district . Akistides . —We have never Ueant the ch arge , and , therefore , cannot see the necessity ot reioiiuneiidilig t ' parties lo inert it , which U tho reaiou for not publish * ing his letter . Jams I ' AiisONs . —tt ' e should be mo .-t happy to be able to accommodate his brothers bv locating them next l » liim , biitweiuia ; iuc that he w ' . il at one * see the impossibility of adopting such a com se . They must take their eliance , and there is no doubt that by arrangements With other parties the object may be achieved .
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 3, 1846, page 4, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/ns2_03011846/page/4/