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Thebafectiw. — The history of medicine is bv no means flattering to science. It is questionable whether more is known of diseases, their cause, and their cure, at this mo-
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ment , than in the time of Galen ; it is certain that diseases are quite as numerous , and in the aggregate as fatal . Ever ; age has produced some-new system of artificial therapeutics which the next age has banished ; each has boasted in its turn of cures , and they , in their turn , have been condemned as failures . Medicines themselves are the subjects unsettled ; in fact , that it hat no established principles , that it is little more than conjectural ? ' At this moment , ' nays Mr . Finny , ' tbe opinions on the subject ot treatment are almost a 3 numerous as the practitioners themselves , Witness the mass of contradiction on the treatment of even one disease , namely , consumption . Stroll attributes its frequency to the introduction of bark . Morton considers bark an effectual cure . Iteid ascribes the frequency of the dis . ease to the uee of mercury , lirillonet asserts that it is cur-
FRAMPTON'S PILL OP HEALTH . Price 1 b . ljd . per box . rTHIS excellent Family PILL is a -L Medicine of lonj-tried efficacy for correcting all disorders of the Stomach and Bowels , the common symp toms of which are Costiveness , Flatulency , Spasmt , Loe » of Appetite , Sick Head-ache , Giddiness , Sense of Fulness after meals , Disulness of the Eyes , Drowsiness and Pains in the Stomach and Bowels j Indigestion , producing a Torpid state of the Liver , and a consequent Inactivity of the bowels , causing a disorganisation of every function of the frame , will , in this most excellent preparation , by a little perseverance , be i ffectually removed . Two or three dose * will convince the afflicted of its salutary effects . The « tomach will speedily regain its strength ; a health ; action of the liver , bowels , and kidneys will rapidly take place ; and instead of listlessues .-t , heat , pain , and jaundiced appearance , strength , activity , and renewed health , will he the quick result of taking this medicue , according to the directions accompanying each box . Theae Pills are particularly efficacious for Stomach Coughe , Colds , Agues , Shortness of Breath , and all Obstructions or the Urinary Passages ; and , if taken after too free a » indulgence at table , they quickly restore the sys . tern to its natural state of repose .
Amazing Success of the New Mode of Treatment . HR . BARKER ' S Compound Indian Ex-• V tract , for Secret Debility , and Impediments to Mar"age , is exclusively directed to the cure of nervous and sexual debihty , irregularity , weakness , consumptive habits , and debilities arising from mental irritability , local or constitutional weakness , generative diseases , &c . It is a mostpowerfulandusefulmedicinein all cases of syphilis * , or any of the previou . 3 symptoms which indicate approach ! Zi ^? M " lfcUt ? , u depres 8 ion of the splits , melan . ( . hoij , trembling of the hands or limbs , disordered nerves . CnmlfS i 5 ? T The - fine Boft « ni"B Qualities of the « i ? hi , « f ' dm " ^ , xtract IS P eculiarly adapted t 0 remove lTitSl P f " ' and S rad * " % * o restore the system to a healthy state-even where sterility seems to have fastened t ° hete fr-i l mcdioin « ^« wam ™* purift itySdimenf ' ' "" '" ^ **• ~ to nJ ™ r ° ! md Indi ? n Extr « t should bD taken previous to persons entering , uto the matrimonial stale , to prevent oflffiWi V ^ tw transmission of disease to the SenSVf ? ^" ^ ' " ' s - 6 d - - and 33 s . each . s $ ass ^ s&Effp ' *• — Cases &K ^^' " * " * iUu 8 tratcd wirtl sS 1 C o i « ntll . . " ° n . >» a sealed envelope , price oiMrf , f ent P ° st free to any part of the worl ' l , on reffitottC ^ *?^ Amedical w 0 lk onnervous 2 * concealed cause of the d . cline of physical B ., ; 1 » , ° f menta \ cilPi > , ° 't y , with observations on KiZ'tfr J r AI ?' i irkcr > M > U - * ' Wverpool-street , iUne s-crojs , London . A copy of this valuable work is enl closed with every bottle of the above medicine , and also with every box of Dr . BARKKll'S PUttlt'IC PILLS , without which none are genuine .
_ . SELF-KNOWLEDGE—CHARACTER BY GRAPHIOLOGY , rpHE SECRET ART OF DISCOVERL ING the true Character of Individuals from the peculiarities of their Handwriting ha * long been practised by MISS EMILY DEAN with astonishing success . Her startling delineations of character are both full and detailed , occupying the four pages of a sheet of letter-paper , the stjle of description diflering from anything yet attempted . All persons wishing to ' know themselves' or their friends , ky means of this extraordinary and interesting science , must send a specimen of their writing , stating sex and « ee , or suppossd age , of the writer , to Miss Emilt Dean , Graphiologist , 48 , Liverpool-street , Argyle-square , London ( enclosing fifteen uncut postage-stamps ) , and they will receive in a few days a written description of the mental and moral qualities , talents , tastes , atiections , virtues , failings , 4 sc ,, of the writer , with many other things hitherto unsuspected . . ., Mesmeric and Clairvoyant Consultations daily from Ten till Twelve in the morning .
HEALTH WHERE 'TIS SOUGHT ! HOLLOWAY'S PILLS . Cure of a Disordered Liver and Stomach , whin in a most hopeless state . Extract of a Letter from Mr . Matthew Harvey , of Chapel Hall , Airdrie , Scotland , dated the 15 th of January , 1850 . Sir , —Your valuable pills have been the means , with God's blessing , of restoring me to a state of perfect health , and at a time when I thought I was on the brink of the urave . I hud consulted several eminent doctors , who , after doing what they could for me , stated that they considered my case as hopeless . I ought to say that I had been suffering from a liver and stomach complaint of long standing , which during the last two years got so much worse , that every one considered my condition as hopeless . I , as a last resource , got a box of jour pills , which soon gave relief , and by persevering in their use for some weeks , together with rubbing night and morning your Ointment over my chest and stomach , and right side , I have by their means alone got completely cured , and to the astonishment of myself und everybody who knows me . —( Signed ) Matthew Habvev . — To Proiessor IIollowat .
parting from the routine of general practice , derotes tn « whole ol his studies to this class of diseases , the lamentable neglect of which by ordinary medical men , and their futile attempts » t curs by mercury and other equally dangerous medicines , have produced the most alarming i * . suits . From the great extent of Dr . Db Roos's practice for mwy yean , and hi 6 former connexion with the various institutions , both in London and Paris , for the relief of thoia at . flicted with Debility , Syphilis , Secondary Symptoms , Striotures , Gleet , Yeneral and Scorbutic eruptions , Ac . of tbt iace andbodv : he hat had perhaps unusual facilities for
IMMENSE SUCCESS OF THE NEW MODE OF TREATMENT At adopted by Udlemand , Ricord , Dislandis , and others , of the Hopital du Venericns a Paris , ««<* m * , uniformly practised in Ms country by
ON THE PREVENTION , CURE , AND General character of SYPHILUS , STRICTURES , Affections « f the PROSTRATE GLAND , VENEREAL an * SCORBUTIC ERUPTIONS of the face and body , Mercurial 'SS-ofett ? . bI aaildsucceB 8 M nna «** Thirty-first edition , Illustrated by Twenty-SU Anatomical Engravings on Steel . New and improved Edition , enlarged to 196 pages . ust published , pric » 2 g . 6 d ; or by post , direct from the Establishment , 3 s . 6 d . in postage stamps . "THE SILENT FRIEND , " a Medical Work on Veneml and Syphilitic Diseases , Secondary Spmptosas , Gonorrhas * . &c , withx PRESCRIPTION FOR THEIR PREVENTION ; physicalexhaustion , and decay of the frame , from the efiecto of solitary indulgence and the injurious consequences oi the abuseof Mercury ; with Observations on the obligations
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FRANCE . In Franca the principal object exciting attention is the position of hostility assumed by tbe Assembly towards the Ministry and the President , as is indicated by the Assembly refusing to dismiss M . Yon , in com pliance with the request of the Minister of the Iaterior—the liberstion of M . Mangain by its order , and the affiir of the Luagots d ' or . This affair of the Lungots d ' or was again the subject of a very animated scene in the Assembly , arising out of the last debate . M . Daprat , on t ha t occasion , said , in the most positive manner , that M . Baroche tad received a report , pointing ont the illegality ot
the lottery . M . Baroche denied this in the Moniteur' on t he following m or ni n g , and M . Daprat repeated his statement in the opposition papers .- M . Baroche then called the attention of the Assembly to the matter , and made a very lame defence . Daprat still repeated his statement , and at last it was said , that there was no ' report' but only a ' letter * in the lureau of the Minister , answering to the description of M . Duprat . The Assembly showed its appreciation of this Jesuitical quibbling iy passing to the order of the day by a large majority . These squabbles are very unfavourable to the passing of the new dotation , which Louis Napoleon will shortly be compelled to apply for .
PRUSSIA . The Dresden Conference is the all-absorbing topic in Germany . As yet , how e ver , no result has been come to up to the present time , having been occupied in the settlement of preliminary matters , frequent conferences have taken place between M . de Manteuffel and Prince Schwarzenburg , and t here can be no doubt that the settlement will be in accordance with the desire of Austria and Prussia , as it b not the people of Germany , but the princes , "Who are represented in the Conference .
INDIA . India continues perfectly tranquil throughout its whole extent . The subjugation of the Punjab is sow considered so complete , that the Court of Directors have thrown open the ranks of the array to all cla s se s of population , Sikhs , Hindoo s , and Musilemaas . The regiments stationed in the country of the fire rivers are ordered henceforth to be recruited wholly from the Punjab , and the measure is generally considered a politic one .
CHINA . The China mails arrived in Bombay on the 24 th of November . The rebellion ia the vicinity of China had Hot as yet produced any serious results , int her Majesty ' s ship Phlegethon and the United States man-of-war Marion have been moored off the factories for their protection , if required . The xeports on this subject are very contradictory ; nothing seems certain concerning the acts or intentions of the rebels , excepting that they levy a tax on the tea-boats and other produce of the interior on its way to the CuBtoms . It is , how e ver , stated , and generally believed , that the Commissioner Sen had attempted to effect a pacification by distributing money ( 100 , 000 dollars ) amongst them , and t ha t 3 , 000 troops he had sent against the insurgents had fraternised with them .
UNITED STATES . N ot hing of in t erest has t aken place in Congress * Trade seems to be in a very satisfactory condition throughout the States generally .
Allais guilty of having made a calumnious complaint , and condemned him to a year ' s imprisonment , 300 francs fine , and the costs . On Sunday the President , vice-presidents , secretaries , and questors of the Assembly held a meeting to consider the letter , addressed to them by the Minister of the Interior , in which he demanded the dismissal of M . Yon , the special commissary of p olice of t he A'semblyi The sitting was a long one , and the proceedings are kept secret , hut the result has been acnouned . The meeting de t ermined , by a majority of eight to six , that M . Yon should not be dismissed , and a letter was at once drawn up informing the Minister of the Interior of the result .
A case has been exciting great indignation in India , which has just terminated . The following are the facts : It appears that Lieut . Shelton and his wife had family disagreements , and that t he father of Mrs . Shelton requested a major Bartleman to see that L'eut . Shelton did not ill treat his wife . Lieat . Shelton submitted to this strange species of gua r dianshi p , considering that the age of t he major , who . was forty-eight years old , wa s a guar a n t ee that n o thing improper would lake place between him and his wife . In this he was mistaken ,
however , for he discovered a letter in the handwriting of the major to his wife of the most extravagant nature , calling her h is lif e , soul , &c . Lieut . Shelton consequently charged him , before a court * martial , with conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman , and some other things . The court have sentenced the major to be cashiered—recommending him to the mercy of the commander-inchief , however . Sir C . Napier his very properly refused to entertain the recommendation , and the sentence will consequently be carried into effect .
At Bombay there has been some extraordinary exhibitions of the disregard of the natives for human life . There has been no less than nineteen deaths from violence recorded during the last month in the mortality tables , amongst which poiBoning , stifling , strang li n g , and hacking to pieces from religious intolerance stand in awful and bold relief . The Belg ian S e na t e on Saturday adopted , by twenty-three votes to eight , the bill for putting gold money out of circulation . On Monday trie bill was promul gated in the Moaiteur , ' wi t h t he King ' s sanction .
The cholera is prevalent on the Mississi ppi river , nearly every steamer having lost a number of passengers . The mortality is chi e fl y among the emigrants , who , moving in crowd s , and evincing little tegard to cleanliness , pay the penalty of their incaution . A number of the United States ha v e alread y adopted the policy of the Homestead Exemption Law . Vermont has passed an act which exempts from execution , not only the dwelling and the land , bu t the produce of the land . This is a step beyond anything yet . The principle is working well . It is reclaiming a large das * of persons from idle and worthless habits , who , for fear of continued persecution from old creditors , abandoned themselves to despair .
In Hesse Cassel , the principal organ of the popular party , the ' New Hessian , ' and the ultra-democra t ic' Hornet , ' have been suspended , and t he editors have left Cassel . But it ii probable that the former will again establish itself at Gotha , and re-appear in the course of a few days . There appeared within the last few days in Geneva a specimen number of a journal entitled La Vile Mul t itude , ' the special mission which is to spread in Savoy the benefit of Socialist doctrines . The chief editar of this ultra-demagogical journal was formerly editor of the « Peuple Souveraine' of Lyons . We learn t ha t , a t t he d e mand of the Sardinian couns e l , the authorities have placed their seals on the offices of La Vile Multitude . ' The publication of it is thus adjourned .
The circumference of Madrid , as shown by the walls which , however , include the Retiro , t he roy a l possession of the Casino and its gardens , and m a n y other Urge open spaces , it is stated to be 47 , 197 feet . Its diameter ( north and south , ) from the gate of Santa Barbara to that of Toledo , is 9 , 760 feet ; and that east and west , from the gate of Alcala to the Portilla de la Vega ( now removed , ) i s 8 . 637 feet . The actual population is computed at 240 , 000 . The Plaza del Oriente contains 580 , 000 square feet ; that before tbe main entrance of the palace , 223 , 0 00 ; a nd t he Plaza Mayor , now Plaza de la C o n st itu t ion , 149 , 000 . The largest marketp lac e , the Plaza de la Cebada , contains 140 , 000 square feet .
Another dreadful steamboat explosion and lots of life h 88 taken place on the Mississippi . On Friday , the 27 th ult ., while the Anglo-Norman was proceeding up the river from New Orleans , on a p leasure e x c ursion , with between two and three hundred p ersons en b oa rd , most of them respectable citizens , her boiler ex p lod e d , and , horrible to relate , from eighty to a hundred persons were killed , wounded or missing . The Bombay and the Bengal Railways are both progressing sathfactorily ; contracts have been concluded for the construction of forty miles of the latter , and tenders are about to be invited for from six ty to eighty miles more .
Sir Jemsetjee Jeejeebhoy has offered to erect a lying-in hospital at his own cost , and on ground he also gives for t he purpose , immediately adjoinin g his noble institution the Jemsetjee Hospital . Sir Jem setjee ' s contributions to charitable objects during the la st t en years have p robab l y more th an quad rupled those of any other of the Queen ' s subjects The Austrian Ambassador at Frankfort has announced to the Electoral Minister that a Hessian named Becker is acting as chief of a revolutionary association in Switzerland with 3 , 000 member s , the committee of which furnishes them with paBsports , which are not only recognised b y the police of Geneva , Freiburg , and Neufchatel , but receive the official twain order to give them authority in other cantons .
The German governments have arranged to furnish travellers with cards in lieu of passports , which shall serve as legitimation for a stated period in all German states , t hus obvia t ing the nece s si t y o f obtaining a new vita on passing from one police district to another . The tyrannical measures of the Prussian ministers , i n last June , burked no less than one hundred and thirty-seven journals . Poland i s fre q uen t l y subjected to a devastating plague amongst its horned cattle . This scourge is now raging he r e , and has caused a loss of 200 , 000 beasts . Prussia keeps up a rigid quarantine with regard to cattle passing its eastern confines .
A sad story of the disasters of war is told . A Holstein peasant , hearing that his son lay wounded in the militar y hospi t al , s ought him ou t , and found that one of his arms had been amputated ; though grieved at the discovery , he sought consolation in saying , 'Well , my boy , it is a sad loss , bu t not so hard for you as for one who depended on his hands for subsistence . ' « Ah , father , ' re p lied t he son that ' s not the worst of it ; ' whereu p on lifting the coverle t , he showed that both his legs were gone , a t which si ght the old mm fell down dead , and t he y o unger one onl y survived the shock a few minutes . The newl y-flrgamsed preventive service on the Polish confines consists entirel y of Ru s sians , all t he Poles having been dismissed .
The Prussian Minister of the Home Department fcas decided that actors and other public performers have du t ies no t onl y towards the managers with w hom they make contracts , bu t also towards £ he p ublic , which may become turbulent if wantoaly disappointed in its amusements ; wherefore the police are authorised to employ coercion where performers capriciously refuse to fulfil their engagements . By a postal convention between Bel gium and Sardinia , which has just been conducted , the postage of a simple letter between the two countries is fixed at 60 c . The period at which the convention is to come into operation has , however , not yet been fixed .
It is reported that the Polish nobility will be ex . empted from the duty of military service , to which it had been rigorously subjected since the Revolution of 1831 ; and that the property of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland will be confiscated b y t he Russian government , which will pay the pries t s salaries ont of tbe public revenue . The Queen of Spain has placed a sum of 40 , 000 dollars of her private property at the disposal of the Home Department for the expenses of the opera , an ac t of lavi s h generosity which has been severely censnred by the King ConBort and Queen Christina .
In Sweden what has been long foreseen has taken place . The equestrian order has rejected , by a majority of 316 votes to 80 , the governmental p rojec t relative to the representation of the people , and the order of peasants has rejected it by a majority of eighty-seven . to eighteen . The discussion on the meascra was very animated , and frequently Tery warm . The Harlmannsdorff pretended that the biLl would undermine the constitutional monarchy foroUIj ; declared that it would WeradmitSrinX pkoUeawtlel tctioui , ilthooghit idmitkdtbat
the present representative system required reforms , and promised to bring in a new bill which would be more satisfactory . The order of peasants , in adheri ng t o the op inion of the clergy and of the equestrian order , has completely separated itself from its old ally the order of the burgeoise , and appears to wish to prolong the rupture b y proposin g t o revise the privileges of the towns . The < Ostervatore Dalmato' quotes letters from Vergoras of the 13 th , stating that a week before the
insurgents of Mostar attacked Ruatan Bey , the son of AH Pacha , who still defended the citidel within the town , called Saraj , armed with twelve guns . It adds that the assailants were repulsed with loss . The chiefs of the insurrection are three rich Turks , named Passa Bey , Agomirovic , and Ciesieaic . Ali Bey had marched from Vizina to meet the troops of t he Sul t an , and prepared everywhere for their ac . commodation ; but having reached the fert of Gliubuski , which is in the hands of the insurgents , he could proceed no farther .
The new Vizir of Bosnia having sent his secretary t o Mo s tar , in order to inquire whether he mig ht pass through that town on his way to Bosnia , with a suite of only sixty persens , the insurgents refused , unless he was furnished with full powers to treat with t hem , and to remove their grievances , in which case they promised not only to receive him well , but to obey him also . The resolution of the Vizir was not known , but it is certain that he has proceeded t o Buna , to confer with Ali Pacha . The news from the Italian provinces is anything but favourable . Conspiracies having been
discovered , and numerou s arrests having been m a de in consequence , i t i s feared th at t he publ i ca t ion of t he new organic laws will be delayed . Whether all t hose who are e xecuted are si m p ly hi ghway robbers and murderers , or whether they are guerillas , it is out of our power to say ; but it cannot be denied that powder and ball and tbe hangman ' s rope are committing fearful ravages in Lombardy and Venice . It appears that the governor of the prison in Paris who released M . Mauguin on the order of M . Dup in , conveyed through one of the questors , has been suspended from his functions b y t he Cour t which decreed the arrest for eight days .
According to the advices by the Cherokee steamer , arrived at New York , with over 2 , 000 , 000 of golddus t , and a fortnight ' s later intelligence from Calif o rnia , t he cholera w as ra ging with great violence . The deaths at Sacramento city averaged about eighty a day . The disease also prevails at San Francisco , causing great stagnation to business . The steamer Tennessee , which left San Francisco on the 15 t h of N o vember , had arrived at Panama , wi t h 1 , 500 , 000 dols ; and the Antelope with 150 , 000 dols in gold-dust , and a large amount in the hands of pa ss engers , was at the port .
Business in San Francisco is stated to be at a stand . still , and that the prices of provisions are very high . Miners , i t is sa i d , have dont very little all the dams having been carried away . Improve men t s are proceedin g rapidl y . The California papers mention the fact that agriculturists were flourishing , and that many persons bad begun to cultivate in consequence . The rainy Beaton had not commenced . The Neapolitan government at the present momen t is in a s t a t e of alarm , knowing that a considerable number of ' addresses ' have entered the kingdom , which papers are supposed to emanate from Mazzini . They appear to be similar to that circulated in Leg horn , Genoa , and Rome . Some arrests have taken place on this account , and t he activity of the police is , if possibl e , greater than
ever . The state trials in Naples have occupied much public attention during the last few days . The court has presented a scene of excitement hitherto unknown , o w ing t o t he di gnified tone of the lawyers w ho a r e now defendin g t he prisoner s , and placing the narative of the government auti-constitutionil intrigue in categorical form , which presen t s a p ic t ur e of immorality on the part of the execative which is trul y deplorable . Letters from Belogna state that on the 18 th ult . a party of Austrian soldiers had a skirmish with nine bandi tt i , headed by 11 Passatore himself . A soldier wa s killed , a nd ano t her wounded in t he c o n t es t ; the benditti were , however , pu t t o fli ght , after the loss of one man , n a m e d Lami , on whose body articles of value were found .
A Leghorn letter of the 24 th ult . announces the arrival there of a large number of Swiss recruits , on their way to Naples . Upwards of 2 , 000 are s aid t o have passed in the course of November . A rumour being current at Pisa that the constitutional party intended t o make a demon st ration , the authorities have t houg ht proper to cause numerous piquets of soldi e rs to parade t he t own dail y . The government of Munich has by its blind zeal against the press incurred a Berious defeat . The
editor of the Eilboten , ' who wa s p rosecu t ed for an attack on the Diet , which was construed inte contempt of the Bavarian government , has been acquitted . The law of the press makes not tbe sli gh t est allusion to the Diet , or of offences agains t its authority . The defeat of the government is the more keenly fel t , ina s mu c h as i t ha s iden t ified i t self ostensibly , in this instance , with the Echenheiragassen Club . The jury who acquitted the accused was , as indeed all our juries are , composed of the hig h tax paying and conservative class .
In the « Stutgardt Anzeiger ' of the 28 th ult . there is a royal ordinance against the liberty of the press . The chief clau&es of this ordinance are : —Every p a p er or publica t ion mus t be s igned by t he edi t or , who must be a citizen , of twenty . five years of age a t leas t , and have his permanent residence in the country . Any one who has been condemned to any punishment cannot be an editor . And , after any penal sentence has been passed on an edi t or as such , he cannot again assume editorial functions before the expiration of six months . According t o the latest intelli gence it appears that M . Ton , the special commissary of police of the Assembly of France , has voluntarily resi gned his post .
The New Houses of Parliament . —A great number of workmen are busily engaged in preparing the Conference-room and Library of the New Houses of Parliament . The Conference-room , where an appointed number of the Lords and Commons meet to settle any matter which may bo in di sp ute betwixt the two Houses , is an e l e gant chamber of splendid proportions , with a roof richly carved . In the compartments between the raised carved work ornamental paper of various patterns andcolourg hag been put up , in order to enable Air . Barry and his assistants to determine what colours and designs sh a ll eventu a ll y be adopted in ornamenting the chamber . Proceeding from the Conference-room through three other rooms attached
t o t he House of Lor ds , th e Libr a r y of the House o f C o mmon s , consisting of a suit of three rooms , is entered . These apartments are fitted up with great taste and simplicity . The lower shelves are closed onea , slig htly orn a mented , and the others are subdivided into compartments capable of holding from five to ten volumes each . The floor of the rooms is of old En g lish o a k , l a id down in sq u a res o f f rom one to two feet , and the two rooms are to bo warmed by pipes placed in the recesses of the windows , and are constructed after the mode adopted in ste a m engines , in which the greatest possible amouEt of heat can bedistributed from an apparatus occupying the smallest space . The Committee .
rooms attached to the House of Lords are also in a stateof gre a t forw a rdn e s s , and when finished will p re se n t a very elegant a nd graceful ap pe a rance Mr . Barry has , as we are informed , givca strict injunctions to the workmen not to admit straneers until the chambers are comp letel y finished- but the curious in aiich matters manage , notwithstanding , to have a peep at the preparations which are being executed . In the course of a eouple of mon t hs it is es p ect e d th a t most of the committe e rooms of the Lords , the library of the Commons andtheConfereace-room wiu . be finished . There are . two doors leading into tho Conference-room the one being for ihe entrance of the Lords wad tho
otflerior the Commons ; and during the conference their lordships staod on one sldeaod the Comoaong on the other side of iho room . in . a few daye additional hands are to be engaged in preparing the House of Lords and tho chambers attached to if for the opening of Parliament , which is expected to be done by her Majesty in person . —CHobe . Reduction op Income Tax—Impobunt to Tenakt Farmers , — Au a p plication has been made bv the Income Tax Commissioners for the Yeovil divi sion to the Board of Inland Revenue , to ascertain whether they ought to make any reduction in the amount of income tax assessed on tenant farmor-i in cases where their rents had been reduced and the answer received from the Board is td the effect that , in all cases where there has been a i ™** £
. reduction of rent , there mi g ht be a reduction of th e income tax m the same . relative proportion The tax . must be assessed on the net amount of rent a ctuall y paid , or for which tho tenant is really liable , and not on tho nominal amounts at which uL *?? U mUh . ^ h > hly ira PO « ant to the tenant farmers oi the kingdom that this should hi widel y known , for that w&ch is done in one dis-WA-t !! L ^ r * VW * t 0 the cou ^ y » t lar ge . We hope , therefore , that our contemporaries generally viU take cognizance of this circumstance and mM it bum to tbft readers , - shtrtoH
The Elector arrived at Hesse Cassel by special train from Frankfort on the 27 th ult . He entered a carriage and drove into the town . The silence which prevailed was profound . Not a shout was nixed with the peal of the trumpeters who preceded the Elector . His carrisge was also preceded and followed by two squadrons of the Electorel Hussars . As the procession entered the gates there were a few feeble cheers and a large allowance of hissing .
A very important decision was given on Friday week by the President of the Civil Tribunal in France as regards tbe liability to arrest for debt of representatives of the people , M . Mauguin having been arres t ed for a sum of 1 , 093 fr . 50 c ., urged his nonliability to arrest as a member of the National Assembly , and demanded to be taken en refere before the President of the Tribunal . The President de . dared t ha t t he ar r es t was l eg al , the constitution of 1848 not having reproduced the provision of the
charter of 1830 , by which members of the Legislative body were protected from arrest during the session , and for six weeks preceding and following it . This derision caused great excitement in the Assembly , and M . de Larochejaquelin put questions to the Minister of Justice respecting the arrest of M . Mauguin , and announced that he wonld propose t o t h e Assembly to order his immediate liberty . He considered that the arrest in question was a violation of the constitution , which declared all members of the Legislature inviolable .
M . Rouher . Minister of Justice , declared that the Assemb l y mi g h t m a ke a n ew law t o regulate such a ma tt er in fu t ur e , hut could not now interfere in the decision o f a jud ge without establishing a dangerous precedent . The motion was carried by a large majority . A conrt-martial for the trial of Commodore Jones was organised at Washington , on the 16 th nit . He is ch arg ed w i t h fraud , in speculating with the public mon e y in gold dus t ; with scandalous conduct t o w ard s his subordinates , on the Pacific station ; and with oppression , in hanging two men under an
illegal sentence by a court-martial , the penalty of death not being allowed on board a ship beyondthe limits of the United States . Commodore Jones in his answers , expressed his willingness to stand his trial on all the charges , but took exceptions to the last-mentioned . He urged that the Attorney-Gener a l had g iven an op inio n in his favour , California iiaving become part of the union ; and that if he had exceeded his jurisdiction his offence was not oppression but murder . He rested the justification of his conduct as Commodore of t he Pacific fl e e t , on t he ground of the frequent attempts at mutiny , in consequence of the temptations of the mines .
The President of the United States has issued a proclamation declaring that the act of Cengress fixing the Tesas boundary is in full force and effect . This shows that Texas acquiesces in the slavery compromise of last sessioa . On the contrary , the Legislature ef South Carolina has emitted a note -of warlike preparation , the Senate having passed a bill for a coKseation , and giving 300 , 000 dollars for military purposes . It is sot likel y , however , t hat anything will come of this , for all the forts in the Aarbeur of Cfcarleston are fully manned with the troops of the central gove r nmen t . T h e rec e n t P a pal ag g ression is sym p athised in b y the great bulk « f the American people , and it is said t hat i t is ex t remel y likely that the Protestant feeling will be excited in America .
Very few educeted people belong to the American Bomish church , ft is almost exclusively composed of servant womea and ordinary labourers . There are some who attead mass who have means and s t anding , but they are generally those who have acquired their property in very low occupations . A few genteel families of French a&d Irish descent may be found at the Roman Catholic churches , hut it is from habit or family pride that they continue there . They do notaay of them respect the Sabba t h , as do the Protestants , and u s uall y the afternoon and evening of the day are spent in amusements . The American people , the Anglo-Saxons , are sound to the core on . t hi s point ; and while from policy , pricci ple , and kind feelings they eilow perfect . toleration , they are not the least backward in commenting upon clerical absardities , and making them the lasgbing-stock of the public .
At a short conference which took place on the 24 th ult . it is Relieved the choice of a Presideiii was discussed . A great desire to avoid all acrimony aad to cultivate a re-proeal good understanding is said to prevail . The greatest secresy is obsirved in everything relatag to the proceedings ; the usual attendance in the ante-chamber being dispensed with for fear of aeadents . The total result will be given to the world at the close of the conferences . The rumoured pregnancy of the Queen of Spain is not confirmed . The trial of Allab . the police-agent of the Assembry , who has gained notoriety of late by his pretended revelation
of a Buonaprrtist plot to assassinate General Changarnier and M . Dup in , President of the National assembly , has been brought to a conclusion . The charge against him was that of having made a calumnious accusation against the persons he had falsely indicated as having been concerned in the alleged plot . The case excited extraordinary interest , and a vast crowd assembled at the doors of the court ; bnt onlj a number sufficient tofill the court was admitted . Several representsbm were preient , and among them MM . de Malewle , Kscttory , de Charencey , Wolowikf , and Tu-£ 5 L y ™ "" » & ««• « re examined . WetaTwnaVtfterii , hou / i delibention . declared
2 THE NORTHERN STAR . _ . January 4 , 1851 .
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Thebafectiw. — The History Of Medicine Is Bv No Means Flattering To Science. It Is Questionable Whether More Is Known Of Diseases, Their Cause, And Their Cure, At This Mo-
Thebafectiw . — The history of medicine is bv no means flattering to science . It is questionable whether more is known of diseases , their cause , and their cure , at this mo-
Northern Star (1837-1852), Jan. 4, 1851, page 2, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/ns/issues/vm2-ncseproduct1607/page/2/