On this page
- Text (2)
Note: This text has been automatically extracted via Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software. The text has not been manually corrected and should not be relied on to be an accurate representation of the item.
Additionally, when viewing full transcripts, extracted text may not be in the same order as the original document.
IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT . - —«—Monday , June 2 nd . In the House of Lords , on the motion of the Duke of Ab&yul . , Reformatory School ( Scotland ) Bill tne object of which is simply to remedy certain defects in the machinery of a bill passed in 1854—was read a second time , without discussion .
NIGHT SIGNALS AX SEA . Lord D cjxcannon asked if the Government intended by any measure to compel coasting vessels , or vessels sailing ui tne Channel by night , to exhibit lights , and whether the Admiralty had under consideration any new plan of night signals for sailing ships . —Lord Stanlet of Aldebley stated that the whole subject was under consideration by the Admiralty . —The Earl of Habdwicke doubted the expediency of compelling both ships and steamers to observe the same regulations . After getting through some merely routine business , the House adjourned . In the House of Commons , Lord Sandoj * took the oaths and his seat on his election for the borough of Lichfield , in the room of Lord Waterpark , resigned .
APPELLATE JURISDICTION . The Chancellor of the Exchequer moved that a message should be sent to the House of Lords to request their Lordships to communicate to that House a copy of the report of the select committee appointed by their Lordships on the Appellate Jurisdiction . —Agreed to .
MOLDO-WALLACIIIA . Lord Paxmerston , replying to some questions put by Mr . Koebuck , stated , with respect to the Commission appointed to settle the form of Government of the Danubian Principalities , that England , France , and Turkey reserve to themselves the power to give to their Commissioners such Instructions as might seem proper . The Commissioners would not proceed to the discussion of any business until the Divans should be convoked , which would not take place till the evacuation of the countries by the foreign troops has been completed . The Russians , however , could not evacuate that part of Bessarabia which has been ceded to Turkey until the settlement of the new line of frontier ; and this would be a work of time . It would not be expedient to produce the instructions which had been framed for the English Commissioners .
MILITARY MONUMENT AT SCUTARI . Mr . Roebuck wished to inquire whether there had been any public competition among the sculptors of this country in regard to the monument to be erected at Scutari , in memory of those who had died there . —The Chancellor of the Exchequer said he believed an agreement had already been entered into with Baron Marochettl for the erection of the work in question . — Mr . Roebuck said he thought he might gather from the reply that there had been no public competition .
STATE OF GREECE . On the order for going into Committee of Supply , Mr . James M'Gregor , pursuant to notice , called attention to the state of Greece , and , pointing out its lawless condition , desired to hear from Lord Palmerston some explanation of the policy , or the degree of coercion , he meant to bring to bear on the Greek monarch and Government . That Government had as yet made no progress towards establishing the constitution which , no doubt , the noble Lord designed should bo established ; and he believed the Premier would bo doing the greatest
service to Greece itself by exercising a degree of coercion Which , by improving the system of administration , would enforce the fulfilment of existing obligations . He hoped to hear that ( he definite object of that occupation was to compel the court of Greece to lessen its extravagant expenditure and to discontinue its corrupt practices ; or , if this object could not be secured , he hoped Lord Pnlmerston , who had made the King of Greece , would feel it consistent with his duty , and with the interest of this country , to reduce him again to the position in which he found him—namely , that of a Gorman
p . Lord Palmkrston replied that the Pirscus had been occupied by French and English troops in consequence of measures of aggression against Turkey , to which the Government of Greece was accessory . But unfortunately that measure on the part of France and England had not resulted in any improvement either in the system of Government or the internal condition of tho country . Tho truth was , that the Government and Court party , ever wince tho accession of King Otho , hud endeavoured to got rid of tho cheek of constitutional forma by corrupt and indirect means ; and the king had evaded tho engagement ho was under to give
to his subjects a representative government . At length , in 1843 , enmo the insurrection which extorted from nun those institutions which be had been unwilling to give , since which time , no efforts hnvo boon np ; ired for corrupting , by bribes , first the electors , nnd then the elected ; ho that the Greek Parliament is now but a shadow of the aubstnuco . Ah tho guunintw . of the . debt is common to the three Powers ( Knglund , France , and Kuaaia ) , it had boon held that no one . Power is entitled to enforce itu own claim , it . would not bo . posaiblo to anticipate the future policy of England and France with respect to Greece .
Mr . Monckton Milnks believed that there is a fair prospect that the system of brigandage will be put an end to . The House then went into Committee of SUPPLY . On the first vote ( 3 , 461 / ., for the Ecclesiastical Commissioners ) , Mr . Williams divided the House , as he conceived that the Established Church ought to pay ite own commissioners . The division showed 166 for the vote and 66 against it . A discussion arose on the vote of 16 , 022 ? ., for the
Charity Commissioners , when Lord Palmerston " , in answer to Mr . Mowbray , said that Sir George Grey intended to bring in a measure ( though probably not this session ) for the purpose of carrying out the schemes recommended in the reports of the Charity Commissioners . —Several members objected to the unnecessary magnitude of the vote , and to the expenses incurred in the administration of charity suits , which , it was alleged , bad been multiplied greatly of late years by law officers for the sake of costs ; but ultimately , on a division , the House affirmed the vote by 146 to 40 .
The next vote was 1 , 911 / . for the Statute Law Commission , when Mr . Locke King complained that no reform in the shape of consolidation or codification had resulted from the Commission . He objected to the appointment of Mr . Bellenden Ker , who had but little experience in the statute law , and who did not give all his time to the duties of the Commission . —Mr . Bainics denied that private friendship ( as had been suggested ) had anything to do with Mr . Ker ' s appointment . The commissionerB had done much in the way of preparation for acts of Parliament ; and several measures for the consolidation of divers laws were being considered . —This testimony was confirmed by Sir Fitzroy Kelly , who stated that seventeen or eighteen bills , resulting from the labours of the Commission , would shortly be laid on the table of the
House . The statutes were to a great extent already consolidated , and indexes of obsolete and repealed statutes had been made . —After a great deal of discussion ( in the course of which Lord John Russell expressed himself dissatisfied with the progress that had been made by the Commission , and suggested that , in imitation of the system pursued by the first Napoleon , reports « hould > e prepared by the commissioners , and afterwards submitted to the judges for correction ) , the vote was carried by 70 to 54 , notwithstanding what Mr . Locke King called a conclusive reason against adopting it-rviz ., that it appeared , from a return just made , that there was then a balance in the hands of the commissioners of 3 , 0291 ., and that there was no reason why they should add to that amount .
A vote of 21 , 842 / ., for fees , salaries , and compensation !? , payable under the provisions of the Patent Law Amendment Act , and another for 13 , 500 for the Board of Fisheries , Scotland , were agreed to , after some opposition by Mr . " Williams and others , who thought the votes unnecessary . The House divided on the latter vote , as Mr . Williams declined to withdraw his opposition to the vote for the North of Scotland Fisheries Board , although an assurance was given by Mr . Wilson that the vote would not again appear in its present shape . The report of the commission of inquiry would decide whether the board would be dissolved or continued upon a self-supporting principle . The vote was carried by 162 to 39 . Progress was then reported , and the Plouse resumed . PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS ( SCOTLAND ) HILL .
• wrong in the management of companies , but who are in the minority , are unable to avert ruin . He instanced the Tipperary Bank as a case in point . —On a division , the clauses were affirmed by 42 to 32 . The Public Health Supplemental Bill , ana Sin William Fbnwiok Williams ' s Annuity Bilx , were both read a third time , and passed . Tuesday , June 3 rd . APPELLATE JURISDICTION ( HOUSE OF LORDS ) BULL . On the order of the day in the House : of Lo&bs foj going into committee on this bill , the Earl of A"FtrvB . F > suggested that all Scotch appeals should Jbe removed from the jurisdiction of the House , and referred to a court of final appeal for Scotland , composed of -persons
of weight and authority ; though he admitted that this was a rather " revolutionary" proposal . As regarded Scotland , the appellate jurisdiction exercised l > y the House is an act of usurpation . The most eminent English lawyers are ignorant of Scotch law , and despise it ; and even Lord Erskine had declared in his ( Lord Aberdeen ' s ) presence , thirty years ago , that he was u as ignorant of Scotch law as if he had been a native of Mexico . " Owing to this ignorance , a Scotch appeal had been regarded as a kind of lottery . His viewa ori this matter were , he admitted , not popular in Scotland ; imt he believed they would gam ground . It was surprising to him that so sensible a people as the Scotch should submit to a tribunal foreign to , and comparatively ignorant of , their law .
The Earl of Derby , replying to -the observations of Lord Aberdeen , said that , although , on the committee , he had stated the ease of Scotch appeals as constituting one of several objections raised against the existing system , he had carefully abstained from committing himself to any of those objections . He did not think any case had been made out with respect to Scotland , such as would legitimately call for a change in the existing jurisdiction . Lord St . Leonards denied the assertion of Lord Aberdeen that English lawyers are ignorant of Scotch law . It was most unfortunate that , in support of this assertion , the noble Lord should have mentioned the name of Erskine as one who professed to know nothing of Scotch . law . That Judge was himself a Scotchman , and therefore ought to have known something' of the laws of his own country . A lawyer could not attain eminence at
the bar without being practically acquainted with Scotch law ; and he ( Lord St . Leonards ) was of opinion that , without such knowledge , no man ought to be placed on the woolsack . The Scotch agents are wel ^ iware that English barristers make themselves masters of 8-cotch cases , or they would not be so desirous of engaging them to conduct the appeals from Scotland . He ( Lord St . Leonards ) had great practice in Scotch cases at that bar , and a Scotch agent came to him and asked him to undertake all the cases , ait he should have a brief in every case . Now , that did iiot look like alarm on the part of Scotchmen that their interests would suffer in the hands of English lawyers . No man admired more than he did the ability and learning of the Scotch advocates at the bar ; but , at the same time , he objected to a Scotch Judge being brought up to take part in the appellate jurisdiction .
The Duke of Argyll thought that the observations of Lord Aberdeen had been greatly misunderstood ; fcut still he feared they would damage the bill . Sevewil witnesses from Scotland , who were examined before the committee , strongly urged that there should be by law one Scotch Judge always present in that House . He confessed he entered upon the consideration of the question with every disposition which national feeling could prompt to sustain it ; but ho thought Lord Aberdeen would agree with him , that it was the impression of the committee that that was not the remedy i / liich they could adopt . As regarded the creation of a new tribunal in Scotland , there was not one witness in favour of the proposition : all were desirous of preserving the power of appeal to tho House of Lords . ht the bill contained
The debate on the second reading of this bill , adjourned from the 25 th of April , was resumed by Sir James Ferguson , who supported the measure because it did not alter tho present state of things with reapect to religious teaching . He suggested , however , that tliero should be a provision in the bill which should make it compulsory on all schoolmasters to be of some definite Christian persuasion . —Mr . Gumming Bkuch would not divide the House on the . question of tho aecond reading , though he was opposed to the bill , but would endeavour to persuade the House not to go into committee on the measure as it « tood . —Mr . Ulacicuukn , Mr . Mackik ,
The Karl of Wicklow thoug much that was objectionable . —Lord Cami-beix would take upon himself to assort that tho universal voice of Scotland in in favour of apponls being decided by « ho House of Lords . —The Marquis of Lansoownk supported tho bill , but remarked that tho resolution of the House which excluded Lord Wenflloydalc was only an exprennion of opinion , and could not havo the force of an Act of Parliament . — Lord Fitzwilliam conceived th * tth « House had got into a difficulty from which it . coul 4 ttot be extricated by the present bill . —Earl Guanviluc said the Government had thought it desirable to conic to a satisfactory arrangement of tho -matter in dispute , but they did not admit that they were wrong in tho coyrso they had originally proposed , and ntill lean that any « - Bolution of tho House could bind tho Crown . —The 3 < , « rl of DicmtY having complimented the Government on % \ ui fairness with which it . hud acted , the Mouho went into committee , the various clauses of tho measure -were agreed to , and tho bill was reported . The < > xi < -oiu > University Biia , waa read a third time , and panned . „ The Commons wore unable to- " make a 1-Iouho . Wednesday , June 41 / l . THIi AUTJIOIUZKO VltlWION <«• ' TIMCHMM-K . Mr Hif . YW <» oD , in tho Houhu oi > - Common *^ tfuvo notice that , on Tuesday , tho Ibtof July , he would move an
and Mr . Joiinbtonjc , also dissonted from the bill , on tho ground that the abolition' of tho religious tost for schoolmasters would lifive the effect of secularizing tho education of the people of Scotland . —Mr . Hlacic defended tho bill , and observed that tho best guarantee for religious teaching in to be found in tho religious principled of the Scotch . —The Loud Advocate , having gone through tho clauses of tho bill , observed that the Presbytery would Btill rotttin a superintendence over tUo schools , ami aborted that there is ample security for religious teaching , though not of a sectarian character . — After some further disciiawion , of a rather rambling
nature , the bill was read a second tune . JOINT-STOCK OOMI'ANIICH JULU This bill was read a third time , mid passed . —Iu du » - ciiH . siiif the added clauses , Mr . Hknije y moved that ¦] (* , 4 7 , and 48 should he loft out . Tho clauses related to the appointment of inspectors by the Board of Trade ** look into the uccountH and ascertain th « insolvency ol companion . Such a duty an that , Mr . Henley thought , ought to be loft , to the parties immediately con ' corned , nnd not . imposed on a public office—Mr . Lowjc , on tho other hand , argued that , for wttut of such a luw an tuoso clauses would ( JMtubliHh , partic-H who siiHpect MonK-tlnne
JtJNE 7 , 1856 ] THE LEADER . 531
Leader (1850-1860), June 7, 1856, page 531, in the Nineteenth-Century Serials Edition (2008; 2018) ncse.ac.uk/periodicals/l/issues/vm2-ncseproduct2144/page/3/